ARMENIA Αρμενια (Country) English, Spanish, Italian, Romanian, Greek, Norwegian, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek, Ancient Persian
From Greek Αρμενια (Armenia)
, which was from Old Persian Armina
, which is itself probably of Armenia origin. This is the name of a country in the Caucasus region, called Hayastan
BABYLON Βαβυλων (Settlement) English, German, Dutch, Biblical, Ancient Roman, Biblical Latin, Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of Akkadian 𒆍𒀭𒊏𒆠 (Babili)
, which appears to mean "gateway of God"
, from Akkadian 𒆍 (babu)
meaning "gate" and 𒀭 (ilu)
meaning "God", though it may in fact derive from a non-Semitic language. This was the name of a major city in ancient Mesopotamia, the capital of the Babylonian Empire. It was located in present-day Iraq.
EURIPOS Ευριπος (Body of Water) Ancient Greek
Possibly from Greek ευ (eu)
meaning "good" and ‘ριπη (rhipe)
meaning "throw, swing". This was the name of the strait between Euboea and Boeotia.
OLYMPOS Ολυμπος (Mountain) Ancient Greek, Greek
Meaning unknown. This is the name of the highest mountain in Greece. According to legend is the home of the Greek gods.
PETRA Πετρα (Settlement) Ancient Greek, English
From Greek πετρα (petra)
. This was the Greek name of the capital city of the Nabataeans, which may have been known as Raqmu
to its Semitic inhabitants. Its ruins lie in Jordan
SYRIA Συρια (Country & Region) English, Polish, Norwegian, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
From Greek Συρια (Syria)
, which was probably a variant of ASSYRIA
, used in an expanded sense to refer to the northern Levant. This was the name of a province of the Roman Empire. It is now the name of a country in western Asia, having gained independence from the Ottoman Empire early in the 20th century.
TROY Τροια (Settlement) Ancient Greek (Anglicized)
From Greek Τροια (Troia)
, said to derive from its mythical founder Τρως (Tros)
, but more likely of Luwian or Hittite origin. In Greek mythology (most notably in Homer
) this was the name of a city, also called Ilium
, that was besieged by the Greeks after Helen
was abducted by PARIS (1)