From the Gallo-Roman given name ALBINUS
. This is the name of several French communes.
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a town in Manche, France.
French form of Britannia
). In French this typically refers to the region known as Brittany in France, while Great Britain is called Grande-Bretagne
CANADA(Country)English, French, Italian, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian
Derived from the Iroquoian word kanata
meaning "village". This word was used by Native Americans to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to Stadacona. Cartier used the word to refer to the region.
French form of Latin Colonia
, shortened from Colonia Agrippina
meaning "colony of Agrippina", named after the wife of Emperor Claudius. This is the name of a city in western Germany.
COLOMBIE(Country & Political Subdivision)French
French form of COLOMBIA
and sometimes of COLUMBIA
(for example Colombie-Britannique
for British Columbia
CONGO(River & Country)English, French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Danish
, of uncertain origin, the name of a kingdom in central Africa that existed from the 14th to 19th century. The Congo River (also called the Zaire
River) was named after the kingdom. Belgian and French colonies were established in the 19th century, named after the river, which eventually led to two African countries, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire) and the Republic of the Congo.
From the Gallo-Roman given name Curtenus
, derived from Latin curtus
"short". This is the name of a few French communes.
From older Quintiacum
, derived from the personal name QUINTIUS
plus the local suffix -acum
. This is the name of a village in France.
From Latin Francia
meaning "land of the Franks". The Franks were the Germanic tribe who settled in the region in the 3rd century. They derived their tribal name from the name of a type of spear that they used.
GHANA(Country)English, French, German, Italian, Spanish
From the name of the Ghana Empire, which was located in the southwestern Sahara and existed up to the 13th century. Ghana
, meaning "warrior" in Mande, was actually the title of the rulers, while the empire itself was more properly known as Awkar
. In 1957 this was adopted as the name of the newly independent country of Ghana, formerly the British colony Gold Coast, despite the fact that the country lies outside the empire's territory.
's town" in Old French. This is the name of various towns in Normandy.
IRAN(Country)Persian, Arabic, English, French, German, Italian, Croatian, Serbian
Derived from Middle Persian Eran
, related to Old Iranian Arya
meaning "Iranian, Aryan". This is the name of a country in western Asia, formerly called Persia
in the West.
Derived from Lascius
, a Gallo-Roman name of unknown meaning. This is the name of a commune in Calvados, France.
LORRAINE(Political Subdivision)French, English
Ultimately from Latin Lothari regnum
meaning "kingdom of LOTHAR
". Lothar was a Frankish king, the great-grandson of Charlemagne, whose realm was in the part of France now called Lorraine
, or in German Lothringen
Means "bad town" in Norman French. This is the name of communes in Normandy, France.
Derived from Maccius
, a Gallo-Roman name of unknown meaning. This is the name of several communes in France.
Possibly derived from Occitan mair
"mother" and French lys
"lily". This is the name of a commune in southern France.
MEXICO(Country & Settlement)English, French
From Spanish México
, itself derived from Nahuatl Mehxico
. There are many theories regarding the ultimate origin, including Nahuatl metztli
meaning "moon" combined with xictli
meaning "navel". This is the name of a country in North America, as well as its capital city (the country is named after the city). In French Mexico
is the name of the capital city, while the country is called Mexique
French form of MEXICO
(referring only to the country, not the capital city).
From Latin Mediolanum
, perhaps derived from Celtic elements meaning "middle of the plain". This is the name of a major city in Italy.
's mountain" in Norman French. This is the name of communes in Calvados, France.
NIGER(River & Country)English, French, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Croatian, Serbian, Late Roman
Meaning unknown, possibly of Berber origin, though influenced by Latin niger
"black". This is the name of a river in western Africa (and a country which is named after it).
NIGERIA(Country)English, French, Italian, Spanish, German
From the name of the NIGER
River, applied in the 19th century to the British colonial territory in western Africa. It continued to be used after the territory became an independent country in 1960.
PAKISTAN(Country)Urdu, Punjabi, English, Italian, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Polish, Slovak, Russian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Serbian
From Persian پاک (pak)
meaning "pure" and the suffix ستان (stan)
meaning "land of". The name was coined in 1933 by the Pakistani nationalist Choudhry Rahmat Ali who justified it as an acronym of Punjab, Afghania, Kashmir and Sindh, plus the final three letters of Baluchistan.
From the ancient Celtic tribe known as the Parisii. This is the capital city of France.
PORTUGAL(Country)Portuguese, English, French, Spanish, Galician, Catalan, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Croatian, Serbian
, which was derived from PORTUS CALE
, the old name of the city of Porto. The name of the city was later applied to the entire country.
From Latin Condate Riedonum
, derived from the name of the Gaulish tribe of the Redones. This is the name of a town in Brittany, France.
ROME(Settlement)English, French, Dutch
Meaning uncertain, from Latin Roma
. This is the name of the capital city of Italy, formerly the capital of the Roman Kingdom, Republic and Empire. According to legend the city was named for ROMULUS
From the Latin name Romilius
, a derivative of ROMULUS
. This is the name of several communes in northern France.
SAINT PIERRE(Settlement & Island)French
Name commemorating Saint PETER
. This is the name of several communes in France as well as a French island near Newfoundland.
SAMARRA(Settlement)Arabic, English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, French, German
This is the name of a city in Iraq, the capital of the Abbasid Caliphate in the 9th century. It was possibly built at the site of the ancient Assyrian city of Surmarrati
, which is of uncertain meaning.
STOCKHOLM(Settlement)Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, English, German, Dutch, French
From Swedish stock
"log" and holme
"islet". The islet probably referred to Helgeandsholmen in central Stockholm. This is the name of the capital city of Sweden. The first written mention of the name occurs in 1252.
Derived from the given name THRACIUS
. This is the name of communes in Calvados, France.