Russian Place Names

Russian names are used in the country of Russia and in Russian-speaking communities throughout the world. See also about Russian names.
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AMERIKA Америка (Region & Country) German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Russian, Croatian, Serbian, Hungarian
Form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents and sometimes to the United States of America.
ANGLIYA Англия (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of ENGLAND.
ARGENTINA Аргентина (Country) Spanish, English, Portuguese, Italian, Russian, Czech, Croatian, Serbian, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
From Latin argentinus meaning "silvery", a derivative of argentum meaning "silver". This is the name of a country in South America, arising from a Latinized form of Spanish Río de la Plata meaning "river of silver".
ARMENIYA Армения (Country) Russian
Russian form of ARMENIA.
BELARUS Беларусь (Country) Belarusian, Russian, English, Portuguese
Means "white Russia", from the Slavic root белъ (belu) meaning "white" and RUS. This is the name of a country in eastern Europe. Many languages use a translation of "white Russia" to refer to the country, for example German Weißrussland and Swedish Vitryssland.
BELGIYA Бельгия (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of BELGIUM.
BELORUSSIYA Белоруссия (Country) Russian
Russian variant of BELARUS.
BOLGARIYA Болгария (Country) Russian
Russian form of BULGARIA.
BRAZILIYA Бразилия (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of BRAZIL.
DZHORDZHIYA Джорджия (Political Subdivision) Russian
Russian form of GEORGIA (2), the American state.
FRANTSIYA Франция (Country) Russian
Russian form of FRANCE.
GERMANIYA Германия (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of Germania (see GERMANY).
GRUZIYA Грузия (Country) Russian
Russian form of GORJ. This is the Russian name for the country of Georgia.
IORDAN Иордан (River) Russian
Russian form of JORDAN (the river).
IORDANIYA Иордания (Country) Russian
Russian form of JORDAN (the country).
ITALIYA Италия (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of Italia (see ITALY).
KAZAKHSTAN Казахстан (Country) English, Russian, Ukrainian, French
From Kazakh Қазақстан (Qazaqstan), from the ethnic name қазақ (qazaq), which is probably of Turkic origin, combined with the Persian suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". This is the name of a country in central Asia.
KENIYA Кения (Country & Mountain) Russian
Russian form of KENYA.
KHORVATIYA Хорватия (Country) Russian
Russian form of CROATIA.
KITAY Китай (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian cognate of CATHAY, used as the Russian and Bulgarian name of China.
KONGO Конго (Region, River & Country) Central African, Kongo, German, Dutch, Swedish, Finnish, Polish, Russian, Croatian, Serbian
Form of CONGO.
KRAKOV Краков (Settlement) Czech, Slovak, Russian, Croatian, Serbian
Form of KRAKÓW.
LONDON Лондон (Settlement) English, German, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Russian, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene
From Latin Londinium, of unknown meaning. This is the capital city of the United Kingdom.
MONGOLIYA Монголия (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of MONGOLIA.
NEMETCHINA Неметчина (Country) Russian
Russian cognate of NIEMCY, used as a Russian name of Germany.
NIDERLANDY Нидерланды (Country) Russian
Russian form of NETHERLANDS.
NIL Нил (River) Arabic, French, German, Catalan, Russian
Arabic, French, German, Catalan and Russian form of NILE. In Arabic it is properly written with the definite article: النيل (al-Nil).
ODESSA Одесса (Settlement) Russian
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a Ukrainian city that sits on the north coast of the Black Sea.
PAKISTAN Пакистан (Country) Urdu, Punjabi, English, Italian, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Polish, Slovak, Russian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Serbian
From Persian پاک (pak) meaning "pure" and the suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". The name was coined in 1933 by the Pakistani nationalist Choudhry Rahmat Ali who justified it as an acronym of Punjab, Afghania, Kashmir and Sindh, plus the final three letters of Baluchistan.
POLSHA Польша (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of POLAND.
PRAGA Прага (Settlement) Italian, Romanian, Polish, Russian
Italian, Romanian, Polish and Russian form of Praha (see PRAGUE).
ROSSIYA Россия (Country) Russian
Russian form of RUSSIA.
RUMYNIYA Румыния (Country) Russian
Russian form of ROMANIA.
RUS Русь (Region) Russian, Ukrainian, English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Possibly of Old Norse origin meaning "rowers". This was the name of a medieval Slavic state of eastern Europe.
SAMARA Самара (Settlement & River) Russian, English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, French, German
Meaning unknown, possibly of Kyrgyz origin. This is the name of a city in Russia, founded in the 16th century, as well as the river on which it is situated.
SLOVENIYA Словения (Country) Russian
Russian and Bulgarian form of SLOVENIA.
STOKGOLM Стокгольм (Settlement) Russian
Russian form of STOCKHOLM.
TAILAND Таиланд (Country) Russian
Russian form of THAILAND (probably via English).
URAL Урал (Region & River) Russian, English, German, Turkish, Bashkir
Meaning unknown, possibly from Turkic aral meaning "island, boundary". This is the name of a mountain range and a river in western Russia.
UZBEKISTAN Узбекистан (Country) English, Russian, Ukrainian, Slovak, Serbian, Croatian, Bulgarian, Swedish
From Uzbek O'zbekiston, derived from the ethnic name O'zbek (which is probably in part from Turkic beg meaning "chieftain, master") combined with the Persian suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". This is the name of a country in central Asia.
VENGRIYA Венгрия (Country) Russian
Russian form of HUNGARY.