Russian Place Names

Russian names are used in the country of Russia and in Russian-speaking communities throughout the world. See also about Russian names.
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AFGANISTAN Афганистан (Country) Russian, Polish, Slovak, Slovene, Croatian, Bulgarian, Finnish, Estonian, Icelandic, Greek, Indonesian
Form of AFGHANISTAN in several languages.
ALBANIYA Албания (Country) Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian
Russian, Ukrainian and Bulgarian form of ALBANIA.
AMERIKA Америка (Region & Country) German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Luxembourgish, Latvian, Lithuanian, Russian, Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Hungarian, Hebrew, Albanian, Armenian, Georgian, Tatar, Bashkir, Chechen, Kazakh, Uzbek, Indonesian, Malay
Form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents and sometimes to the United States of America.
ANGLIYA Англия (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of ENGLAND.
ANGOLA Ангола (Country) Portuguese, English, Spanish, French, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Russian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Hungarian, Romanian, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Albanian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Turkish, Georgian
Portuguese form of Ngola, the royal title of the kings of Ndongo, an African kingdom that was conquered by the Portuguese in the 17th-century. It was a Portuguese colony until 1975, when it became an independent country.
ARGENTINA Аргентина (Country) Spanish, English, Portuguese, Italian, Russian, Romanian, Czech, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Estonian, Lithuanian, Georgian
From Latin argentinus meaning "silvery", a derivative of argentum meaning "silver". This is the name of a country in South America, arising from a Latinized form of Spanish Río de la Plata meaning "river of silver".
ARMENIYA Армения (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of ARMENIA.
AVSTRALIYA Австралия (Region & Country) Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian
Russian, Ukrainian and Bulgarian form of AUSTRALIA.
AZIYA Азия (Region) Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Kazakh
Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian and Kazakh form of ASIA.
BELARUS Беларусь (Country) Belarusian, Russian, English, Portuguese
Means "white Russia", from the Slavic root белъ (belu) meaning "white" and RUS. This is the name of a country in eastern Europe. Many languages use a translation of "white Russia" to refer to the country, for example German Weißrussland and Swedish Vitryssland.
BELGIYA Бельгия (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of BELGIUM.
BELIZ Белиз (Country & River) Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Greek, Bosnian
Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Greek and Bosnian form of BELIZE.
BELORUSSIYA Белоруссия (Country) Russian
Russian variant of BELARUS.
BENIN Бенин (Settlement, Body of Water & Country) English, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Russian, Ukrainian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Hungarian, Slovene, Serbian, Croatian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Romanian, Indonesian, Malay
From Portuguese Benim, derived from Itsekiri Ubinu, the name of the capital city of the historical Benin Kingdom (present-day Benin City in Nigeria). Allegedly it was initially named Ile-Ibinu meaning "land of anger" because of disputes between different factions. The Bight of Benin (a large bay) was named after the Benin Kingdom, and the modern country of Benin, west of Nigeria, was named after the bay in 1975 (formerly named Dahomey).
BOLGARIYA Болгария (Country) Russian
Russian form of BULGARIA.
BRAZILIYA Бразилия (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of BRAZIL.
CHAD Чад (Body of Water & Country) English, Spanish, Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian
From Arabic تشاد (Tshad), derived from a Kanuri word meaning "lake, large expanse of water". This is the name of a lake in central Africa, as well as the country that is named after it. The lake also borders Niger, Nigeria and Cameroon.
DANIYA Дания (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of DENMARK.
DZHORDZHIYA Джорджия (Political Subdivision) Russian
Russian form of GEORGIA (2), the American state.
ESTONIYA Эстония (Country) Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian
Russian, Ukrainian and Bulgarian form of ESTONIA.
FINLYANDIYA Финляндия (Country) Russian, Ukrainian
Russian and Ukrainian form of Finnland (see FINLAND).
FRANTSIYA Франция (Country) Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian
Russian, Ukrainian and Bulgarian form of Francia (see FRANCE).
GERMANIYA Германия (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of Germania (see GERMANY).
GRUZIYA Грузия (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of GORJ, used as the name for the country of Georgia.
INDIYA Индия (Country) Indian, Telugu, Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Kyrgyz
Telugu, Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian and Kyrgyz form of INDIA.
IORDAN Иордан (River) Russian
Russian form of JORDAN (the river).
IORDANIYA Иордания (Country) Russian
Russian form of JORDAN (the country).
IRAN Иран (Country) Persian, Arabic, English, French, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Romanian, Russian, Ukrainian, Polish, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Greek, Indonesian, Malay, Japanese, Korean
Derived from Middle Persian Eran, related to Old Iranian Arya meaning "Iranian, Aryan". This is the name of a country in western Asia, formerly called Persia in the West.
IRLANDIYA Ирландия (Country & Island) Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian
Russian, Ukrainian and Bulgarian form of IRELAND.
ITALIYA Италия (Country) Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian
Russian, Ukrainian and Bulgarian form of Italia (see ITALY).
IZRAIL Израиль (Country) Russian
Russian form of ISRAEL.
KAZAKHSTAN Казахстан (Country) English, Russian, Ukrainian, French
From Kazakh Қазақстан (Qazaqstan), from the ethnic name қазақ (qazaq), which is probably of Turkic origin, combined with the Persian suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". This is the name of a country in central Asia.
KENIYA Кения (Country & Mountain) Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian
Russian, Ukrainian and Bulgarian form of KENYA.
KHORVATIYA Хорватия (Country) Russian, Ukrainian
Russian and Ukrainian form of CROATIA.
KIRGIZIYA Киргизия (Country) Russian
Russian form of KYRGYZSTAN.
KITAY Китай (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian cognate of CATHAY, used as the Russian and Bulgarian name of China.
KOLUMBIYA Колумбия (Country, Region, Settlement & Political Subdivision) Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian
Russian, Ukrainian and Bulgarian form of COLUMBIA and COLOMBIA.
KOREYA Корея (Country) Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Kazakh
Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian and Kazakh form of KOREA.
KRAKOV Краков (Settlement) Czech, Slovak, Russian, Croatian, Serbian
Form of KRAKÓW.
KURDISTAN Курдистан (Region) Kurdish, Arabic, English, French, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Russian
From Kurdish کوردستان (Kurdistan), from the Persian ethnic name کرد (Kord) meaning "Kurd" combined with the Persian suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". This is the name of the region in the midst of Iran, Iraq and Turkey that is primarily inhabited by the Kurdish people.
LITVA Литва (Country) Russian, Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Slovene, Bulgarian, Georgian
Russian, Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Slovene, Bulgarian and Georgian form of Lietuva (see LITHUANIA).
LONDON Лондон (Settlement) English, German, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Russian, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene
From Latin Londinium, of unknown meaning. This is the capital city of the United Kingdom.
MONGOLIYA Монголия (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of MONGOLIA.
NEMETCHINA Неметчина (Country) Russian
Russian cognate of NIEMCY, used as a Russian name of Germany.
NEPAL Непал (Country) Nepali, Indian, Hindi, English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, Estonian, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Russian, Ukrainian, Polish, Romanian, Slovene, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Bulgarian, Greek, Turkish, Azerbaijani, Indonesian, Malay, Sanskrit
From Sanskrit नेपाल (Nepal), of unknown meaning. This is the name of a landlocked country in south Asia.
NIDERLANDY Нидерланды (Country) Russian, Ukrainian
Russian and Ukrainian form of NETHERLANDS.
NIGERIYA Нигерия (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of NIGERIA.
NIL Нил (River) Arabic, French, German, Luxembourgish, Catalan, Czech, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Azerbaijani
Form of NILE in various languages. In Arabic it is properly written with the definite article: النيل (al-Nil).
ODESSA Одесса (Settlement) Russian
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a Ukrainian city that sits on the north coast of the Black Sea.
PAKISTAN Пакистан (Country) Urdu, Punjabi, English, Italian, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Polish, Slovak, Russian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Serbian
From Persian پاک (pak) meaning "pure" and the suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". The name was coined in 1933 by the Pakistani nationalist Choudhry Rahmat Ali who justified it as an acronym of Punjab, Afghania, Kashmir and Sindh, plus the final three letters of Baluchistan.
PERU Перу (Country) English, Portuguese, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Russian, Ukrainian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Hungarian, Croatian, Serbian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Turkish, Azerbaijani, Georgian, Indian, Hindi
From Spanish Perú, older Birú, which was possibly derived from the name of a chieftain (who nevertheless resided in modern-day Panama).
POLSHA Польша (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of POLAND.
PRAGA Прага (Settlement) Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Polish, Slovene, Russian, Bulgarian, Greek
Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Polish, Slovene, Russian, Bulgarian and Greek form of Praha (see PRAGUE).
ROSSIYA Россия (Country) Russian
Russian form of RUSSIA.
RUMYNIYA Румыния (Country) Russian
Russian form of ROMANIA.
RUS Русь (Region) Russian, Ukrainian, English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Possibly of Old Norse origin meaning "rowers". This was the name of a medieval Slavic state of eastern Europe.
SAMARA Самара (Settlement & River) Russian, English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, French, German
Meaning unknown, possibly of Kyrgyz origin. This is the name of a city in Russia, founded in the 16th century, as well as the river on which it is situated.
SENEGAL Сенегал (River & Country) Portuguese, English, Spanish, Italian, German, Swedish, Dutch, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, Estonian, Russian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Romanian, Turkish
From Portuguese, possibly from the name of the Berber Zenaga people of northern Senegal. This is the name of a river in western Africa, and a country named after it. It gained independence from France in 1960.
SLOVENIYA Словения (Country) Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian
Russian, Ukrainian and Bulgarian form of SLOVENIA.
SOMALI Сомали (Country) Russian, Ukrainian, Georgian
Russian, Ukrainian and Georgian form of SOMALIA.
STOKGOLM Стокгольм (Settlement) Russian
Russian form of STOCKHOLM.
SUDAN Судан (Country) English, Arabic, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Italian, Russian, Ukrainian, Polish, Slovene, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Romanian, Turkish, Azerbaijani, Indonesian, Malay, Chinese
From Arabic سُود (sud) meaning "black", referring to the darker skin of the inhabitants. This is the name of a country in Africa. In Arabic it is properly written with the definite article: السُودان (al-Sudan).
TAILAND Таиланд (Country) Russian
Russian form of THAILAND (probably via English).
TURTSIYA Турция (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of Turcia (see TURKEY).
UGANDA Уганда (Country) English, Eastern African, Ganda, Swahili, German, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Hungarian, Romanian, Russian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Turkish, Georgian, Indonesian, Japanese, Korean, Malay
From Buganda, the name of a kingdom within Uganda, which means "land of the Ganda" in the Luganda language. The Ganda are an ethnic group, their name possibly deriving from a Bantu word meaning "family". Uganda is a landlocked country in eastern Africa.
URAL Урал (Region & River) Russian, English, German, Turkish, Bashkir
Meaning unknown, possibly from Turkic aral meaning "island, boundary". This is the name of a mountain range and a river in western Russia.
UZBEKISTAN Узбекистан (Country) English, Russian, Slovak, Serbian, Croatian, Bulgarian, Swedish
From Uzbek O'zbekiston, derived from the ethnic name O'zbek (which is probably in part from Turkic beg meaning "chieftain, master") combined with the Persian suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". This is the name of a country in central Asia.
VENESUELA Венесуэла (Country) Russian, Ukrainian, Lithuanian, Azerbaijani, Georgian
Russian, Ukrainian, Lithuanian, Azerbaijani and Georgian form of VENEZUELA.
VENGRIYA Венгрия (Country) Russian
Russian form of HUNGARY.
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