Portuguese Place Names

Portuguese names are used in Portugal, Brazil and other Portuguese-speaking areas. See also about Portuguese names.
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ALEMANHA   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of ALEMANNIA, used as the Portuguese name of Germany.
BABILÓNIA   (Settlement)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of BABYLON.
BAVIERA   (Political Subdivision)   Spanish, Portuguese, Italian
Spanish, Portuguese and Italian form of BAVARIA.
BOLÍVIA   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of BOLIVIA.
BRASIL   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of BRAZIL.
CASTELA   (Region)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of CASTILE.
CHAVES   (Settlement)   Portuguese, Spanish
From the Roman name FLAVIUS. This is the name of a Portuguese city which was originally named for the Roman emperor Vespasian, whose family name was Flavius.
CHINA   (Country)   English, German, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese
From Persian چین (Chin), probably derived via Sanskrit from Qin, the name of a dynasty that ruled in China in the 3rd century BC. In China the name Zhongguo is used to refer to the country.
FÁTIMA   (Settlement)   Portuguese
Derived from the Arabic feminine name FATIMAH, apparently after a Moorish princess who converted to Christianity during the Reconquista. This is the name of a town in Portugal, which became an important Christian pilgrimage center after 1917 when three local children reported witnessing repeated apparitions of the Virgin Mary.
GRÉCIA   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of Graecia (see GREECE).
HUNGRIA   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of HUNGARY.
INGLATERRA   (Country)   Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of ANGLAE TERRA, used for England.
IRÃ   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of IRAN.
ITÁLIA   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of ITALY.
JAPÃO   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of JAPAN.
LORENA   (Political Subdivision)   Spanish, Portuguese, Italian
Spanish, Portuguese and Italian form of LORRAINE.
NÍGER   (River & Country)   Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of NIGER.
NIGÉRIA   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of NIGERIA.
NILO   (River)   Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of Nilus (see NILE).
PÉRSIA   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of PERSIA.
PERSIA   (Country)   Ancient Roman, English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese
Latin form of Greek Περσις (Persis), from Old Persian Parsa. This is the name used in the West for a region in western Asia, as well as several empires which were based there, including the Achaemenid Empire, Parthian Empire, and Sasanian Empire. This was also the Western name for the country of Iran until 1935, when the king requested that the native name Iran be used instead.
PORTO   (Settlement)   Portuguese, English
Modern form of PORTUS CALE. This is the name of a city in Portugal.
PORTUGAL   (Country)   Portuguese, English, French, German, Spanish
From Portugale, which was derived from PORTUS CALE, the old name of the city of Porto. The name of the city was later applied to the entire country.
RÚSSIA   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of RUSSIA.
TURQUIA   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of Turcia (see TURKEY).
VIETNAME   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of VIETNAM.
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