BRAZIL(Country)English, Croatian, Serbian
From the name of a type of tree, called pau-brasil
in Portuguese (brazilwood
in English). It may ultimately derive from Portuguese brasa
meaning "ember". This is the name of a country in South America.
IRAN(Country)Persian, Arabic, English, French, German, Italian, Croatian, Serbian
Derived from Middle Persian Eran
, related to Old Iranian Arya
meaning "Iranian, Aryan". This is the name of a country in western Asia, formerly called Persia
in the West.
JORDAN(River & Country)English, Danish, Norwegian, Croatian, Serbian, German, Swedish, Finnish, Polish, Biblical
River which flows between the countries of Jordan and Israel. The river's name in Hebrew is יַרְדֵן (Yarden)
, and it is derived from יָרַד (yarad)
meaning "descend" or "flow down". The river has lent its name to the country to the east (in German, Swedish, Finnish and Polish this is only the name of the river, with the name of the country taking a different form).
KONGO(Region, River & Country)Central African, Kongo, German, Dutch, Swedish, Finnish, Polish, Russian, Croatian, Serbian
Form of CONGO
NIGER(River & Country)English, French, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Croatian, Serbian, Late Roman
Meaning unknown, possibly of Berber origin, though influenced by Latin niger
"black". This is the name of a river in western Africa (and a country which is named after it).
PAKISTAN(Country)Urdu, Punjabi, English, Italian, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Polish, Slovak, Russian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Serbian
From Persian پاک (pak)
meaning "pure" and the suffix ستان (stan)
meaning "land of". The name was coined in 1933 by the Pakistani nationalist Choudhry Rahmat Ali who justified it as an acronym of Punjab, Afghania, Kashmir and Sindh, plus the final three letters of Baluchistan.
PORTUGAL(Country)Portuguese, English, French, Spanish, Galician, Catalan, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Croatian, Serbian
, which was derived from PORTUS CALE
, the old name of the city of Porto. The name of the city was later applied to the entire country.