are used in Catalonia in eastern Spain, as well as in other Catalan
-speaking areas including Valencia, the Balearic Islands, and Andorra.
IRAQ (Country) Arabic, English, Italian, Catalan
From Arabic العراق (al-'Iraq)
, probably derived from the name of the ancient Sumerian/Akkadian city of URUK
. This is the name of a country in the Middle East.
JERUSALEM (Settlement) English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Luxembourgish, Southern African, Afrikaans, Catalan, Bosnian, Biblical
From Hebrew יְרוּשָׁלַיִם (Yerushalayim)
, from an earlier Canaanite form like Urushalim
, probably meaning "established by (the god) SHALIM"
. This is the name of a city in Israel and Palestine. Originally a Canaanite city, it was conquered by the Israelites under King David
at the beginning of the 10th century BC. It is now regarded as a holy city by Jews, Christians and Muslims.
NIL (River) Arabic, French, German, Luxembourgish, Catalan, Czech, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Azerbaijani
Form of NILE
in various languages. In Arabic it is properly written with the definite article: النيل (al-Nil)
PORTUGAL (Country) Portuguese, English, French, Spanish, Galician, Catalan, German, Dutch, Luxembourgish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Estonian, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian
, which was derived from PORTUS CALE
, the old name of the city of Porto. The name of the city was later applied to the entire country.