Arabic Place Names

Arabic names are used in the Arab world, as well as some other regions within the larger Muslim world. They are not necessarily of Arabic origin, though most in fact are. Compare also Persian names and Turkish names. See also about Arabic names.
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ARIHAأريحا(Settlement)Arabic
Arabic form of JERICHO.
ASHURآشور(Settlement & Region)English, Arabic, Persian, Akkadian
From Akkadian 𒀸𒋩 (Assur), meaning unknown. This was the capital city of the Assyrian Empire, supposedly named for the god Ashur, though the god was in fact probably named for the city. The empire, Assyria, was also named for it. The city was destroyed in the 14th century by the forces of Tamerlane.... [more]
BAYT LAHMبيت لحم(Settlement)Arabic
Arabic form of BETHLEHEM. The Arabic word لحم (lahm) meaning "meat" is cognate with Hebrew לֶחֶם (lechem) meaning "bread".
FARISفارس(Country)Arabic
Arabic form of PERSIA.
IRANإيران(Country)Persian, Arabic, English, French, German, Italian, Croatian, Serbian
Derived from Middle Persian Eran, related to Old Iranian Arya meaning "Iranian, Aryan". This is the name of a country in western Asia, formerly called Persia in the West.
ISKANDARIYAHإسكندرية(Settlement)Arabic
Arabic form of ALEXANDRIA, usually written with the definite article: الإسكندرية (al-Iskandariyah).
JAZA'IRجزائر(Settlement & Country)Arabic
Arabic form of ALGIERS and ALGERIA, usually written with the definite article: الجزائر (al-Jaza'ir).
MADINAHمدينة(Settlement)Arabic
Arabic form of MEDINA, usually written with the definite article: المدينة (al-Madinah).
MAGHRIBمغرب(Region & Country)Arabic
From Arabic المغرب (al-Maghrib) meaning "the place of the sunset, the west". This is the Arabic name of Morocco as well as the entire region of western North Africa (known as the Maghreb in English). In Arabic the name is usually written with the definite article: المغرب (al-Maghrib).
MARRAKUSHمرّاكش(Settlement)Arabic
Arabic form of MARRAKESH.
NINAWAنِينَوَى(Settlement)Arabic
Arabic form of NINEVEH.
QAHIRAHقاهرة(Settlement)Arabic
Arabic form of CAIRO, usually written with the definite article: القاهرة (al-Qahirah).
QUDSقُدْس(Settlement)Arabic
Means "holy" in Arabic. This is the Arabic name for Jerusalem, usually written with the definite article: القُدْس (al-Quds).
SAMARRAسامَرّاء(Settlement)Arabic, English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, French, German
This is the name of a city in Iraq, the capital of the Abbasid Caliphate in the 9th century. It was possibly built at the site of the ancient Assyrian city of Surmarrati, which is of uncertain meaning.
SUDANسُودان(Country)English, Arabic, German, Italian
From Arabic سُود (sud) meaning "black", referring to the darker skin of the inhabitants. This is the name of a country in Africa. In Arabic it is properly written with the definite article: السُودان (al-Sudan).
SURIYAسوريا(Country)Arabic
Arabic form of SYRIA.
TAHRANتهران(Settlement)Arabic
Arabic form of TEHRAN.
TSHADتشاد(Body of Water & Country)Arabic
Arabic form of CHAD.
TURKIYYAتركيّا(Country)Arabic
Arabic form of TURKEY.
URDANNأردنّ(River & Country)Arabic
Arabic form of JORDAN, usually written with the definite article: الأردنّ (al-Urdann).