Spanish Place Names

Spanish names are used in Spain and other Spanish-speaking countries (such as those in South America). See also about Spanish names.
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ÁFRICA   (Region)   Spanish
Spanish form of AFRICA.
ALBANIA   (Region & Country)   Late Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
Medieval Latin name for the region which was once occupied by the Illyrian tribe called Albanoi. This is the name of a country in the Balkans.
ALEMANIA   (Country)   Spanish
Spanish form of ALEMANNIA, used as the Spanish name of Germany.
AMÉRICA   (Region)   Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents.
ASÍS   (Settlement)   Spanish
Spanish form of ASSISI.
ASTURIAS   (Political Subdivision)   Spanish
Possibly derived from Basque asta "rock" and ur "water". This was the name of an 8th to 10th-century kingdom of northern Iberia. It is now the name of a Spanish province.
AUSTRALIA   (Region & Country)   English, Italian, Spanish
Derived from Latin australis meaning "southern". It was formally adopted as the name of the continent (and later country) by the British administrators of the region in 1824.
BABILONIA   (Settlement)   Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of BABYLON.
BAVIERA   (Political Subdivision)   Spanish, Portuguese, Italian
Spanish, Portuguese and Italian form of BAVARIA.
BOHEMIA   (Region)   English, Spanish, Late Roman
From Latin Boiohaemum, from the name of the Gaulish tribe the Boii combined with Germanic heim "home". This is the name of a historical region within the Czech Republic. The region is called Čechy in Czech, while the country is called Česko.
BOLIVIA   (Country)   Spanish, English, Italian
From the surname BOLÍVAR, in honour of the revolutionary Simón Bolívar. This is the name of a country in South America.
BOLONIA   (Settlement)   Spanish
Spanish form of BOLOGNA.
BRETAÑA   (Region)   Spanish
Spanish form of BRITAIN and BRITTANY. Great Britain is called Gran Bretaña in Spanish.
BUDAPEST   (Settlement)   Hungarian, English, German, French, Italian, Spanish
Combination of BUDA and PEST, two cities that merged in 1873. This is the name of the capital city of Hungary.
BULGARIA   (Country)   Late Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
From the name of the Turkic tribe of the Bulgars, possibly from a Turkic root meaning "mixed". This is the name of a country in southeastern Europe.
BUSTILLO   (Settlement)   Spanish
From a diminutive of Late Latin bustum meaning "ox pasture". This is the name of towns in Spain.
BUSTO   (Settlement)   Spanish, Italian
From Late Latin bustum meaning "ox pasture". This is the name of several towns in Spain and Italy.
CANADÁ   (Country)   Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of CANADA.
CASTILLA   (Region)   Spanish
Spanish form of CASTILE.
CATALUÑA   (Region)   Spanish
Spanish form of CATALONIA.
CATALUNYA   (Region)   Catalan
Catalan form of CATALONIA.
CHAVES   (Settlement)   Portuguese, Spanish
From the Roman name FLAVIUS. This is the name of a Portuguese city which was originally named for the Roman emperor Vespasian, whose family name was Flavius.
CHINA   (Country)   English, German, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese
From Persian چین (Chin), probably derived via Sanskrit from Qin, the name of a dynasty that ruled in China in the 3rd century BC. In China the name Zhongguo is used to refer to the country.
COLONIA   (Settlement)   Ancient Roman, Italian, Spanish
Latin form of COLOGNE, as well as the Italian and Spanish form.
CONGO   (River & Country)   English, French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese
From Kongo, of uncertain origin, the name of a kingdom in central Africa that existed from the 14th to 19th century. The Congo River (also called the Zaire River) was named after the kingdom. Belgian and French colonies were established in the 19th century, named after the river, which eventually led to two African countries, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire) and the Republic of the Congo.
COREA   (Country)   Italian, Spanish, Late Roman
Italian and Spanish form of KOREA, as well as the Latin form.
DINAMARCA   (Country)   Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of DENMARK.
ESLOVAQUIA   (Country)   Spanish
Spanish form of SLOVAKIA.
ESPAÑA   (Country)   Spanish
Spanish form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
ETXEBERRIA   (Settlement)   Basque
Means "the new house", from Basque etxe "house" and berri "new". This was the name of a village (and castle) in Navarre where the saint Francis Xavier was born.
FRANCIA   (Country)   Late Roman, Italian, Spanish
Latin form of FRANCE.
GRECIA   (Country)   Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of Graecia (see GREECE).
HUNGRÍA   (Country)   Spanish
Spanish form of HUNGARY.
IBARRA   (Settlement)   Basque, Spanish
Derived from Basque ibar meaning "meadow". This is the name of a few Basque towns.
INDIA   (Country)   English, Italian, Spanish, Dutch, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
Derived from the name of the INDUS River. In many languages of India, the name Bharat is used to refer to the country.
INDONESIA   (Country)   Indonesian, English, Italian, Spanish, Late Greek
From Greek Ινδος (Indos), referring to the INDUS, combined with νησος (nesos) meaning "island". This name has been used since the 18th century by colonial powers to refer to the Indonesian archipelago and since 1945 to refer to the independent nation.
INGLATERRA   (Country)   Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of ANGLAE TERRA, used for England.
IRÁN   (Country)   Spanish
Spanish form of IRAN.
ITALIA   (Country)   Italian, Spanish, Ancient Roman
Italian, Spanish and Latin form of ITALY.
JAPÓN   (Country)   Spanish
Spanish form of JAPAN.
JAVIER   (Settlement)   Spanish
Spanish form of ETXEBERRIA.
LONDRES   (Settlement)   French, Spanish
French and Spanish form of LONDON.
LORENA   (Political Subdivision)   Spanish, Portuguese, Italian
Spanish, Portuguese and Italian form of LORRAINE.
LORETO   (Settlement)   Italian, Spanish
From Latin Lauretum meaning "laurel grove". This is the name of a town in eastern Italy.
MACARENA   (Settlement)   Spanish
Barrio (district) in Seville, which got its name from a temple which may have been named for a person Macarius (see MACARIO).
MÉXICO   (Country & Settlement)   Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish (and Portuguese) form of MEXICO.
NÍGER   (River & Country)   Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of NIGER.
NIGERIA   (Country)   English, French, Italian, Spanish, German
From the name of the NIGER River, applied in the 19th century to the British colonial territory in western Africa. It continued to be used after the territory became an independent country in 1960.
NILO   (River)   Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of Nilus (see NILE).
PAKISTÁN   (Country)   Spanish
Spanish form of PAKISTAN.
PEKÍN   (Settlement)   Spanish
Spanish form of BEIJING.
PERSIA   (Country)   Ancient Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
Latin form of Greek Περσις (Persis), from Old Persian Parsa. This is the name used in the West for a region in western Asia, as well as several empires which were based there, including the Achaemenid Empire, Parthian Empire, and Sasanian Empire. This was also the Western name for the country of Iran until 1935, when the king requested that the native name Iran be used instead.
PORTUGAL   (Country)   Portuguese, English, French, German, Spanish
From Portugale, which was derived from PORTUS CALE, the old name of the city of Porto. The name of the city was later applied to the entire country.
ROMA   (Settlement)   Italian, Spanish, Catalan, Ancient Roman
Latinate form of ROME.
RUSIA   (Country)   Spanish
Spanish form of RUSSIA.
SANTIAGO   (Settlement)   Spanish, Portuguese
This is the name of several cities in the Spain and Portugal, so-named for Saint JAMES (see the given name SANTIAGO for more information). It is also used for many other cities in the Spanish and Portuguese-speaking worlds, notably the capital city of Chile.
SUECIA   (Country)   Spanish, Late Roman
Spanish and Latin form of SWEDEN.
TURQUÍA   (Country)   Spanish
Spanish form of Turcia (see TURKEY).
VALÈNCIA   (Settlement & Region)   Catalan
Catalan (Valencian) form of VALENCIA.
VALENCIA   (Settlement & Region)   Spanish, Italian, English, German
The name of a city and surrounding region in eastern Spain, originally named in Latin Valentia (Edetanorum) meaning "strength (of the Edetani people)", and derived from Latin valentius "strength, vigour", from valens "strong, vigourous". Besides the city in Spain, this is also the name of a city in Venezuala.
VERONA   (Settlement)   Italian, Spanish, English, Ancient Roman
Meaning unknown, possibly of Latin, Gallic or Etruscan origin. This is the name of a city in northern Italy.
VIETNAM   (Country)   English, French, German, Dutch, Italian, Spanish
From Việt Nam, meaning "southern Yue", derived from Sino-Vietnamese (việt), referring to the Yue people, and (nam) "south". This is the name of a country in southeastern Asia.
XABIER   (Settlement)   Basque
Modern form of ETXEBERRIA.
ZABALA   (Settlement)   Basque
From Basque zabal meaning "large, wide". This is the name of district within the city of Bilbao in Spain.
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