(Region & Country) Late Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
Medieval Latin name for the region which was once occupied by the Illyrian tribe called Albanoi. This is the name of a country in the Balkans.
(Political Subdivision) Spanish
Possibly derived from Basque asta
"rock" and ur
"water". This was the name of an 8th to 10th-century kingdom of northern Iberia. It is now the name of a Spanish province.
(Region & Country) English, Italian, Spanish
Derived from Latin australis
meaning "southern". It was formally adopted as the name of the continent (and later country) by the British administrators of the region in 1824.
(Region) English, Spanish, Late Roman
From Latin Boiohaemum
, from the name of the Gaulish tribe the Boii
combined with Germanic heim
"home". This is the name of a historical region within the Czech Republic. The region is called Čechy
in Czech, while the country is called Česko
(Country) Late Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
From the name of the Turkic tribe of the Bulgars, possibly from a Turkic root meaning "mixed". This is the name of a country in southeastern Europe.
From a diminutive of Late Latin bustum
meaning "ox pasture". This is the name of towns in Spain.
(Settlement) Spanish, Italian
From Late Latin bustum
meaning "ox pasture". This is the name of several towns in Spain and Italy.
(Settlement) Portuguese, Spanish
From the Roman name FLAVIUS
. This is the name of a Portuguese city which was originally named for the Roman emperor Vespasian, whose family name was Flavius.
(River & Country) English, French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese
, of uncertain origin, the name of a kingdom in central Africa that existed from the 14th to 19th century. The Congo River (also called the Zaire
River) was named after the kingdom. Belgian and French colonies were established in the 19th century, named after the river, which eventually led to two African countries, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire) and the Republic of the Congo.
Means "the new house", from Basque etxe
"house" and berri
"new". This was the name of a village (and castle) in Navarre where the saint Francis Xavier was born.
(Settlement) Basque, Spanish
Derived from Basque ibar
meaning "meadow". This is the name of a few Basque towns.
(Settlement) Italian, Spanish
From Latin Lauretum
meaning "laurel grove". This is the name of a town in eastern Italy.
Barrio (district) in Seville, which got its name from a temple which may have been named for a person Macarius
(Country) English, French, Italian, Spanish, German
From the name of the NIGER
River, applied in the 19th century to the British colonial territory in western Africa. It continued to be used after the territory became an independent country in 1960.
(Country) Ancient Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
Latin form of Greek Περσις (Persis)
, from Old Persian Parsa
. This is the name used in the West for a region in western Asia, as well as several empires which were based there, including the Achaemenid Empire, Parthian Empire, and Sasanian Empire. This was also the Western name for the country of Iran until 1935, when the king requested that the native name Iran
be used instead.
(Settlement) Spanish, Portuguese
This is the name of several cities in the Spain and Portugal, so-named for Saint JAMES
(see the given name SANTIAGO
for more information). It is also used for many other cities in the Spanish and Portuguese-speaking worlds, notably the capital city of Chile.
(Settlement & Region) Spanish, Italian, English, German
The name of a city and surrounding region in eastern Spain, originally named in Latin Valentia (Edetanorum)
meaning "strength (of the Edetani people)", and derived from Latin valentius
"strength, vigour", from valens
"strong, vigourous". Besides the city in Spain, this is also the name of a city in Venezuala.
From Basque zabal
meaning "large, wide". This is the name of district within the city of Bilbao in Spain.