ALBANIA (Region & Country) Late Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
Medieval Latin name for the region that was once occupied by the Illyrian tribe called Albanoi. This is the name of a country in the Balkans.
AMERICA (Region & Country) English, Italian, Romanian, Late Roman
From the name of the explorer AMERIGO
Vespucci (1451-1512). This is the name of two continents (North and South America). As well, it is commonly used to refer to the United States of America.
BAVARIA (Political Subdivision) English, Late Roman
From Late Latin Baiovarii
, the name of a Germanic tribe, named after an earlier Gaulish tribe the Boii
. This is the name of a state in Germany (called Bayern
BOHEMIA (Region) English, Spanish, Late Roman
From Latin Boiohaemum
, from the name of the Gaulish tribe the Boii
combined with Germanic heim
"home". This is the name of a historical region within the Czech Republic. The region is called Čechy
in Czech, while the country is called Česko
BULGARIA (Country) Late Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
From the name of the Turkic tribe of the Bulgars, possibly from a Turkic root meaning "mixed". This is the name of a country in southeastern Europe.
COLUMBIA (Region, Settlement, Political Subdivision & River) English, Italian, Spanish, Late Roman
Named after the explorer Christopher Columbus, called Cristoforo Colombo
in Italian (see the surname COLOMBO
). This is the name of several cities in the Americas (including the District of Columbia, also called Washington D.C.), and a river in Canada and the United States. It is also a name used historically to refer to the New World.
CROATIA (Country) English, Late Roman
From Croatian Hrvatska
, from medieval Slavic Khorvatu
, of unknown meaning. This is the name of a country in the Balkan region of southeastern Europe.
ESTONIA (Country) English, Italian, Spanish, Late Roman
From Estonian eesti
, a word borrowed from Low German in the 17th century. It is of uncertain origin. It could be from a Germanic rendering of the Baltic tribe of the Aesti, mentioned by the Roman historian Tacitus.
NIGER (River & Country) English, French, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Croatian, Serbian, Late Roman
Meaning unknown, possibly of Berber origin, though influenced by Latin niger "black"
. This is the name of a river in western Africa (and a country that is named after it).
NUBIA (Region) English, Late Roman
Possibly derives from the Egyptian word nbw
. This was the name of an ancient region and kingdom in Africa, south of Egypt.