Scandinavian Submitted Place Names
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
ABISKO (Other) Swedish
From Northern Sami Ábeskovvu
meaning "forest by the big water", from Sami áphi
"lake, sea, big water" and skovvu
, identical to Swedish skog
"forest". The "big water" is probably Torneträsk
ÅLAND (Island) Swedish
Either derived from Old Norse *Ahvaland
meaning "land of water" (from ahva
"water"), or from Finnish Ahvenanmaa
"perch land" (from ahven
"perch"). Åland is an autonomous archipelago province in the Baltic Sea
ÅNGERMANLAND (Region) Swedish
Derived from Old Norse anger
"deep fjord". Ångermanland is a historical province in Northern Sweden.
ÅRE (Settlement) Swedish
Meaning uncertain, but probably derived from Old West Norse *ár
"peak, crest". Åre is a village and a popular ski resort in Jämtland
ARENDAL (Settlement) Norwegian
Combination of Old Norse ǫrn
"eagle" and dalr
"valley, dale". Arendal is a town and municipality in Southern Norway.
BANGLADESH (Country) English, Breton, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Interlingua, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish
Means "land of the Bengalis", from Bengali বাংলা (Bangla)
meaning "Bengali" (referring to the Bengali people or Bengali language spoken by the Bengali people), which is ultimately from Vanga
, the name of an ancient kingdom on the Indian subcontinent (see Bengal
) combined with দেশ (desh)
"country, land, state", ultimately from Sanskrit देश (deśá)
BRO (Settlement) Swedish
Means "bridge" in Swedish. This is the name of many localities and parishes in Sweden. It's also a common place name element (see Örebro
BURUNDI (Country) English, Afrikaans, Basque, Breton, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Interlingua, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
The name of the Country in East Africa. Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi, is a landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region of East Africa, bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.
ESKILSTUNA (Settlement) Swedish
Combination of the Swedish name Eskil
and Swedish tun
(from Old Norse tún
) meaning "enclosure, fence, homestead, courtyard, plot". The town was originally called just Tuna
but was renamed Eskilstuna after Saint Eskil who was stoned to death in 1080... [more]
EUROPA (Region) Catalan, Corsican, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Frisian, Galician, German, Italian, Lithuanian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish
Form of Europe
EYJAFJALLAJÖKULL (Other) Icelandic
Means "island mountain glacier". From Icelandic eyja
"mountain", and jökull
"glacier". Eyjafjallajökull is a glacier and volcano in Iceland whose eruptions in 2010 caused a great air travel disruption in Europe.
FØROYAR (Country) Faroese
Probably derived from Old Norse fær
"sheep" and oyer
, an archaic Faroese word meaning "islands".
GÖTALAND (Region) Swedish
Means "land of the Geats". The Geats (sometimes referred to as Goths) were a North Germanic tribe inhabiting southern Sweden. Götaland is one of three lands of Sweden, the others being Svealand
GÖTEBORG (Settlement) Swedish
Combination of Swedish Göte
"Geat" and borg
"castle, fortress". The Geats (sometimes referred to as Goths) were a North Germanic tribe inhabiting present-day Götaland
GOTLAND (Island) Swedish
Named after a North Germanic tribe, the Gutes (Old Norse gotar
HÄLSINGLAND (Region) Swedish
Hälsingland is a province in central Sweden meaning "land of the Hälsings". Hälsing is believed to be a combination of Swedish hals
"throat, neck" and inge
"dweller". The hals
-part is probably not referring to the anatomical part, but rather to a narrow strait of water.
HELSINGBORG (Settlement) Swedish
Helsingborg is a city in Scania
, Sweden. The name is a combination of hals
"neck, narrow strait" and borg
"castle, fortification". There has been a permanent settlement around Helsingborg since 1085, making it one of Sweden's oldest cities.
HELSINGØR (Settlement) Danish, Norwegian
Danish city founded in the 1420s. The name is derived from the word hals
meaning "neck, narrow strait". William Shakespeare's 'Hamlet' is set in Elsinore
(Kronborg), a castle in Helsingør.
HJÄLMAREN (Body of Water) Swedish
Derived from Old Swedish *iælmber
ÍSAFJÖRÐUR (Settlement) Icelandic
Means "ice fjord" or "fjord of ice" in Icelandic. Ísafjörður is a town in Iceland.
JÓRVÍK (Settlement) Ancient Scandinavian, Icelandic
Icelandic and Old Norse form of York
. It is believed to be derived from Old English Eoforwic
, itself believed to be derived from Latin Eboracum
possibly meaning "place of the yew trees".
JUKKASJÄRVI (Settlement) Swedish, Finnish
Originally from Northern Sami Čohkkirasjávri
meaning "lake of assembly". It was later changed to the much more Finnish-sounding name Jukkasjärvi. This probably changed the meaning of the name as the first element jukkas
is of uncertain origin (but it coincides with the Finnish given name Jukka
KARLSTAD (Settlement) Swedish
's town" in Swedish. It was named after the Swedish king Karl IX who founded the town in 1584. ... [more]
KATRINEHOLM (Settlement) Swedish
Swedish city located in Södermanland
. It was originally the name of a ducal residence located in the area. The residence was named after the owner's wife Catharina
KEBNEKAISE (Mountain) Swedish
Derived from Lule Sami giebnne
"cauldron" and gájsse
"elevated and pointy crest". Kebnekaise is the highest mountain in Sweden.
KIRUNA (Settlement) Swedish
From the name of the mountain Kiirunavaara
, composed of Finnish kiiruna
"ptarmigan" and vaara
"large forested hill" (from Northern Sami várri
"mountain"). Kiruna is the northernmost town in Sweden known for the Kiruna Mine, the largest and most modern underground iron ore mine in the world, and Esrange Space Center, a rocket range and research centre.
KØBENHAVN (Settlement) Danish
Newer form of Køpmannæhafn
, meaning "merchants' harbour".
KRISTIANSTAD (Settlement) Swedish
Swedish city founded in 1614, named after the Danish king Kristian
IV. The city is located in Skåne
which belonged to Denmark until 1658.
LULE ÄLV (River) Swedish
Combination of Lule Sami lulij
"the people living in the east" (referring to forest Sami people), and Swedish älv
MADRID (Settlement) Spanish, Croatian, English, Catalan, Czech, Danish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Portuguese, Swedish, Tatar, Turkish
Newer form of Magerit
. The etymology is uncertain, but it could be derived from Arabic المجريط (al-Magrīt
) "source of water". This is the name of the capital of Spain.
MÄLAREN (Body of Water) Swedish
Derived from Old Norse mælir
MALMÖ (Settlement) Swedish
Newer form of Malmhaug
meaning "gravel pile" or "ore hill". Malmö is the third largest city in Sweden.
MALTA (Country) English, Basque, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, Galician, German, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Turkmen, West Frisian
Malta, officially known as the Republic of Malta, is a Southern European island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea.... [more]
MARIEFRED (Settlement) Swedish
Swedish town named after a charterhouse called Pax Mariae
"Maria's peace". A combination of the name Maria
and Swedish fred
means "peace, harmony" in Latin).
MARIESTAD (Settlement) Swedish
's town". It was founded in 1583 by Charles IX of Sweden and was named after his wife Maria of the Palatinate.... [more]
NÄRKE (Region) Swedish
Närke is Swedish historical province. The name is believed to be derived from the word när
meaning "ridge, hill" (not to be confused with the word nära
NIDELVA (River) Norwegian
The name of a river that runs through Trondheim
, and the name of a river in southern Norway. The name is a combination of the words elv
"river" and nid
(of unknown meaning).
ODENSE (Settlement) Danish
From Old Norse Óðinn's vé
meaning "Odin's sanctuary". This is the 3rd largest city in Denmark and the birthplace of Hans Christian Andersen (1805-1875), the author of fairy tales such as 'The Little Mermaid' (1837), and 'The Snow Queen' (1844).
ÖREBRO (Settlement) Swedish
Combination of Swedish ör
, an archaic word meaning "gravel", and bro
"bridge. ... [more]
OSLO (Settlement) Norwegian
Meaning uncertain. It was originally the name of a farm in Bjørvika, a neighborhood in present-day Oslo.
PANAMA (Country) English, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, Finnish, German, Irish, Italian, Latin, Norwegian, Polish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
The name of the Country in Central America. Panama is a country on the isthmus linking Central and South America. The Panama Canal, a famous feat of human engineering, cuts through its center, linking the Atlantic and Pacific oceans to create an essential shipping route... [more]
REYKJAVÍK (Settlement) Icelandic
Means "bay of smokes", from Old Norse reykir
, plural of reykr
“smoke” and vík
"bay". Steam from hot springs in the region is said to have inspired Reykjavík's name.
RIGA (Settlement) English, French, German, Portuguese, Turkish, Afrikaans, Dutch, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Faroese, Italian, Spanish
Cognate of Rīga
RIKSGRÄNSEN (Settlement) Swedish
Means "the national border" in Swedish. Riksgränsen is a small village and popular ski-resort in Northern Sweden, close to the Norwegian border.
ROSLAGEN (Region) Swedish
Derived from roslag
, an old dialectal word meaning "rowing crew", ultimately derived from Old Swedish *roþs-
"rowing". Compare RUS
, and modern Swedish ro
SKÅNE (Political Subdivision) Swedish
Province and county in southern Sweden that was a part of Denmark until 1658. The name is likely derived from Old Norse Skáney
(ultimately derived from the Germanic root *Skaðin-awjō
) meaning "danger" or "damage"... [more]
SKELLEFTEÅ (Settlement) Swedish
Swedish city located in Västerbotten
. The first element of the name is of unknown meaning, but is believed to be of Sami origin. The second element is -eå
SÖDERMANLAND (Political Subdivision) Swedish
Södermanland is a Swedish county and province meaning "land of the southern people". The southern people referred to people living south of Mälaren
. The county is slightly smaller than the province due to that the eastern part of the province belongs to Stockholm
SVEALAND (Region) Swedish
Means "land of the Swedes" (see SVEA
). The Swedes were a North Germanic tribe inhabiting present-day Sweden. ... [more]
TALLINN (Settlement) Estonian, English, Danish, Dutch, French, German, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish
Capital of Estonia
and previously known as Reval
until 1918. The meaning of the name is uncertain, but it is believed to be derived from Estonian Taani-linn(a)
meaning "Danish castle" or "Danish town".
TRELLEBORG (Settlement) Swedish
Derived from the word trelleborg
meaning "ring fort" or "Viking ring fortress", referring to a type of circular forts built during the Viking Age. The word trelleborg
itself might be a combination of Old Norse þræll
"slave" or trel
"wooden staves" and borg
TRONDHEIM (Settlement) Norwegian
Third largest city in Norway. It was founded in 997 by Olaf
Tryggvason and was first known as Kaupangen "the market place" and later Nidaros
. The name Trondheim means "the land where it grows luxuriantly".
TUNA (Other) Swedish
Derived from Old Norse tún
meaning "enclosure, fence, homestead, courtyard, plot". This is the name of many localities and parishes in Sweden. It is also a common place-name element (see Eskilstuna
UMEÅ (Settlement) Swedish
Possibly derived from Old Norse úma
"roaring" and the place name element -eå
"river". Another theory is that the name is derived from Finnish uoma
"riverbed". Umeå is the largest city in Norrland
and the 12th largest city in Sweden... [more]
UPPLAND (Region) Swedish
Uppland is a Swedish historical province. The name is a combination of Swedish upp
"up" and land
"land". The name is believed to refer to its location north of Lake Mälaren
VÄRMLAND (Political Subdivision) Swedish
Swedish county and province. The name could be derived from Swedish värma
meaning "warmth, to heat up".
VÄSTERÅS (Settlement) Swedish
Derived from Westra Aros
meaning "west river mouth". Västerås is the 5th largest city in Sweden
VÄSTERBOTTEN (Political Subdivision) Swedish
Swedish county (län
) and historical province (landskap
) in Northern Sweden. The name refers to its geographical location west of the Bothnian Bay
and Bothnian sea
. The county is the 2nd biggest in Sweden (by area) and more than two times as big as the province... [more]
VENEZUELA (Country) English, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Tatar, Turkish
The name of the Country in South America. Venezuela is a country on the northern coast of South America with diverse natural attractions. Along its Caribbean coast are tropical resort islands including Isla de Margarita and the Los Roques archipelago... [more]
VILNIUS (Settlement) Lithuanian, Czech, Danish, English, Estonian, Faroese, French, German, Norwegian, Portuguese, Slovak, Swedish
Capital of Lithuania
. Named after the Vilnia
River whose name is derived from Lithuanian vilnis
YEMENS (Country) Danish
The name of the Country in the Middle East. Yemen, officially known as the Republic of Yemen, is an Arab country in Western Asia, occupying South Arabia, the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula. Yemen is the second-largest country in the peninsula, occupying 527,970 km².
ZINKGRUVAN (Settlement) Swedish
Means "the zink mine" in Swedish. Zinkgruvan is both a village and a mine. It is the only locality in Sweden starting with Z.