Scandinavian Submitted Place Names

Scandinavian names are used in the Scandinavia region of northern Europe. For more specific lists, see Swedish names, Danish names and Norwegian names. See also about Scandinavian names.
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Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
ABISKO (Other) Swedish
From Northern Sami Ábeskovvu meaning "forest by the big water", from Sami áphi "lake, sea, big water" and skovvu, identical to Swedish skog "forest". The "big water" is probably Torneträsk... [more]
ÅBO (Settlement) Swedish
Possibly from Swedish å "river" and bo "home, dwelling" or "dweller, inhabitant". Other meanings are possible, like it being derived from the given name AABO... [more]
ACEH (Region) Indonesian, Buginese, Malay, Minangkabau, Danish, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
Meaning uncertain. A popular backronym states that it is derived from Indonesian Arab, Cina, Eropa, Hindia meaning "Arab, China, Europe, Indies" referring to the groups and regions that have historically influenced the people of Aceh... [more]
ADYGEJA (Political Subdivision) Danish, German, Norwegian, Polish
Danish, German, Norwegian, and Polish form of ADYGEA.
AFRÍKA (Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of AFRICA.
AKADIEN (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Acadia.
AKARNANIEN (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Akarnania (see Acarnania).
AKERSHUS (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
The Norwegian fylke of Akershus is names after Akershus Fortress, meaning "the (fortified) house of (the district) Aker." Aker used to be a Norwegian municipality, but it is now an area in OSLO.... [more]
AKUREYRI (Settlement) Icelandic
Combination of Icelandic akur "field" and eyri "sandbank". Akureyri is a town in the north of Iceland.
ÅLAND (Island) Swedish
Either derived from Old Norse *Ahvaland meaning "land of water" (from ahva "water"), or from Finnish Ahvenanmaa "perch land" (from ahven "perch"). Åland is an autonomous archipelago province in the BALTIC SEA... [more]
ALGERIET (Country) Swedish, Danish
Swedish and Danish form of ALGERIA.
ALPENE (Mountain) Norwegian
Norwegian form of Alps.
ALPERNA (Mountain) Swedish
Swedish form of Alps.
ALPERNE (Mountain) Danish
Danish form of Alps.
AMERIKAS FÖRENTA STATER (Country) Swedish
Formal Swedish name for the UNITED STATES of AMERICA. The country is usually referred to as USA or AMERIKA in everyday speech.
ANATOLIEN (Region) Danish, German, Luxembourgish, Swedish
Danish, German, Luxembourgish and Swedish form of ANATOLIA.
ANDALUSIEN (Political Subdivision) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Andalusia.
ANDORRA (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Catalan, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Greek, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
The name of the country of Andorra, whose name is possibly derived from a Basque word andurrial (“shrub-covered land”), but it may come from Arabic الدرا (“the forest”) or Spanish andar (“to walk”).
ÅNGERMANLAND (Region) Swedish
Derived from Old Norse anger "deep fjord". Ångermanland is a historical province in Northern Sweden.
AQUITANIEN (Region) Danish, German
Danish and German form of AQUITAINE.
ARABÍA (Political Subdivision & Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of ARABIA.
ARABIA (Political Subdivision & Region) Ancient Greek, Ancient Roman, Basque, English, Finnish, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish
Of Semitic origin, but the precise meaning is uncertain, as the root word has many possible meanings in the Semitic languages.... [more]
ARABIEN (Political Subdivision & Region) Danish, German, Luxembourgish, Swedish
Danish, German, Luxembourgish and Swedish form of ARABIA.
ÅRE (Settlement) Swedish
Meaning uncertain, but probably derived from Old West Norse *ár "peak, crest". Åre is a village and a popular ski resort in Jämtland, Sweden.
ARENDAL (Settlement) Norwegian
Combination of Old Norse ǫrn "eagle" and dalr "valley, dale". Arendal is a town and municipality in Southern Norway.
ARGENTÍNA (Country) Hungarian, Icelandic, Slovak
Hungarian, Icelandic and Slovak form of ARGENTINA.
ARKADIEN (Political Subdivision & Region) Danish, German, Luxembourgish, Swedish
Danish, German, Luxembourgish and Swedish form of ARCADIA.
ARUBA (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
ASÍA (Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of ASIA.
ASJCHABAD (Settlement) Swedish, Dutch, Frisian
Swedish, Dutch and Frisian form of ASHGABAT.
ASTURIEN (Political Subdivision) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of ASTURIAS.
ATEN (Settlement) Swedish
Swedish form of ATHENS.
AUST-AGDER (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the Nynork word aust "east" and the place name agder. It means "the eastern part of Agder."... [more]
AZERBAJDZJAN (Country) Swedish
Swedish form of AZERBAIJAN.
AZORENE (Political Subdivision & Region) Norwegian
Norwegian form of AZORES.
AZORERNA (Political Subdivision & Region) Swedish
Swedish form of AZORES.
AZORERNE (Political Subdivision & Region) Danish
Danish form of AZORES.
BAHRAIN (Country) Arabic, Catalan, Danish, English, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog
Means "two seas" in Arabic, derived from بَحْر (baḥr) meaning "sea" and ـَيْنِ (ayni), a pluralising suffix. In Arabic it is typically written with the definite article as البحرين (al-Bahrain)... [more]
BAKTRIEN (Political Subdivision & Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Bactria.
BAKU (Settlement) English, Russian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Finnish, German, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Serbian, Swedish, Ukrainian
From Persian باکو (bâku) which is of uncertain meaning. One popular etymology suggests that it means "wind-pounded city" from Persian باد (bâd) meaning "wind" and کوبیدن (kubidan) meaning "to pound, to beat" (given in reference to the area's storms and high winds)... [more]
BALI (Political Subdivision & Island) Indonesian, Balinese, Acehnese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Chinese, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Italian, Marathi, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu
From Sanskrit बलि (bali) meaning "offering, tribute". This is the name of an island and province in Indonesia.
BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN (Settlement) Malay, English, Indonesian, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish
From Malay bandar meaning "town", seri meaning "radiance, splendour, glory", and begawan meaning "holy". The name comes from Malay Seri Begawan, a title used by Bruneian Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien III (1914-1986), ultimately derived from Sanskrit श्री भगवान् (śrī bhagvān) meaning "radiance of the gods"... [more]
BANDUNG (Settlement) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Armenian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Korean, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Indonesian bendung or bendungan meaning "dam, dike", used to refer to the area in relation to the nearby Citarum River. Local sources relate the name to the phrase Nga-Bandung-an Banda Indung, which is considered sacred in Sundanese culture... [more]
BANGKOK (Settlement) Thai, Afrikaans, Armenian, Bashkir, Bosnian, Chechen, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hebrew, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Ingush, Italian, Karakalpak, Kazakh, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lao, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Ossetian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Tatar, Turkish, Uzbek
From Thai บางกอก (baang-gòk), believed to be derived from บาง (baang) meaning "community, village, settlement" and กอก (gòk) meaning "olive", possibly used in reference to the olive trees that grew around the area... [more]
BANGLADESH (Country) Bengali, Armenian, Basque, Breton, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Swahili, Swedish
From Bengali বাংলাদেশ (Bangladeś) meaning "land of the Bengalis", a combination of the name of the Bengali people and Sanskrit देश (deśá) meaning "country, kingdom, land, state"... [more]
BAREIN (Country) Icelandic, Korean
Icelandic and Korean form of BAHRAIN.
BASJKORTOSTAN (Political Subdivision) Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Norwegian, Swedish
Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Norwegian and Swedish form of BASHKORTOSTAN.
BENÍN (Country) Catalan, Icelandic, Spanish
Catalan, Icelandic and Spanish form of BENIN.
BENIN (Country) Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Greek, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
From a European corruption of Ubinu, a name used to refer to the royal administrative centre and capital city of the historical Benin Kingdom (present-day Benin City in Edo State, Nigeria). This is the name of a country in West Africa formerly named Dahomey.
BERGEN (Settlement) Dutch, Norwegian, German
Newer form of Bjǫrgvin, a combination of Old Norse bjarg "mountain" and vin "meadow". This is the 2nd largest city in Norway.
BHUTAN (Country) English, Bengali, Burmese, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Gujarati, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Kannada, Malay, Marathi, Nepali, Norwegian, Polish, Punjabi, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Telugu, Turkish, Urdu
Probably from བོད (bod), the Tibetan name for the region of Tibet, derived via Sanskrit भोट-अन्त (bhoṭa-anta) meaning "end of Tibet" (referring to the country's geographical location in southern extremity of the Tibetan plateau)... [more]
BISALTIEN (Region) Swedish
Swedish form of Bisaltia.
BISJKEK (Settlement) Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Norwegian, Swedish
Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Norwegian and Swedish form of BISHKEK.
BOIOTIEN (Political Subdivision & Region) Danish, Swedish
Danish and Swedish form of Boiotia (see Boeotia).
BONAIRE (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is a special municipality of the Netherlands.
BRO (Settlement) Swedish
Means "bridge" in Swedish. This is the name of many localities and parishes in Sweden. It's also a common place name element (see ÖREBRO).
BRUNEI (Country) Malay, Albanian, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
Probably derived from Borneo, the name of an island, which in turn is most likely from Sanskrit वरुण (váruṇa) meaning "ocean, water". A local legend suggests that the name may be derived from the phrase baru nah meaning "there!" or "that's it!", which was supposedly declared by Muhammad Shah, Brunei's first sultan... [more]
BRUSSEL (Settlement) Dutch, Afrikaans, Icelandic, Norwegian
Dutch, Afrikaans, Icelandic and Norwegian form of Brussels.
BRUXELLES (Settlement) French, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Italian, Romanian
French form of Brussels, which some countries have adopted as their name for the Belgian city.
BUKITTINGGI (Settlement) Indonesian, Minangkabau, Javanese, Malay, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Means "tall hill" from Indonesian bukit "hill" and tinggi "high, tall". This is the name of a city in West Sumatra, Indonesia.
BÚRMA (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of BURMA.
BURUNDI (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Breton, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
The name of the Country in East Africa. Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi, is a landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region of East Africa, bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.
BUSKERUD (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
Named after an old manor of the same name. (Biskupsruð) It derives from the Old Norse biskup (bishop) and ruð (clearing, farm.) The biskup part referring in particular to the Bishop of the ancient Catholic diocese of Hamar.... [more]
CAMBODJA (Country) Catalan, Danish, Dutch
Catalan, Danish, and Dutch form of CAMBODIA.
CARIBIEN (Region) Danish
Danish form of CARIBBEAN.
CASABLANCA (Settlement) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
Means "white house" in Spanish, from casa meaning "house" and blanca meaning "white". The name originates from a Spanish translation of الدَّار الْبَيْضَاء (ad-Dār al-Bayḍāʾ), the Arabic name for the city, which in turn was derived from a calque of the Portuguese name Casa Branca... [more]
CEBU (Political Subdivision, Settlement & Island) English, Tagalog, Ilocano, Pampangan, Danish, Dutch, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Swedish
From Old Cebuano sibu or sibo meaning "trade", itself a shortened form of sinibuayng hingpit meaning "place for trading". This is the name of an island, province, and city (Cebu City) in the Philippines.
CHILE (Country) Czech, Danish, English, Finnish, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish
From the name of the country in South America.... [more]
CISKAUKASIEN (Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of CISCAUCASIA.
COSTA RICA (Country) Spanish, Afrikaans, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish
The name of the Country in Central America. Costa Rica is a rugged, rainforested Central American country with coastlines on the Caribbean and Pacific. Though its capital, San Jose, is home to cultural institutions like the Pre-Columbian Gold Museum, Costa Rica is known for its beaches, volcanoes, and biodiversity... [more]
COTABATO (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Maguindanao Kutawatu meaning "stone city", from kuta meaning "city, fort" and wato meaning "stone, rock". This is the name of both a province and a city in the southern Philippines.
CURAÇAO (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Basque, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Turkish
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
DAGESTAN (Political Subdivision) Russian, Afrikaans, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Buryat, Chuvash, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hebrew, Icelandic, Indonesian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Udmurt
From Russian Дагестан (Dagestan), which is from Turkish dağ meaning "mountain" combined with the Persian suffix -ستان (-stan) meaning "land of". This is the name of a republic in southern Russia.
DARDANIEN (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Dardania.
DJAKARTA (Settlement) Dutch (Archaic), Afrikaans, Icelandic
Archaic Dutch form of JAKARTA as well as the modern Afrikaans and Icelandic form of the name. The modern Dutch form is written exactly the same as the English form.
DOMINICA (Country & Island) Afrikaans, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish
Derived from Latin dominica meaning "lordly" or "Sunday", named by explorer Christopher Columbus for his sighting of the island on a Sunday. This is the name of an island country in the Caribbean.
DUSJANBE (Settlement) Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, Papiamento
Scandinavian and Papiamento form of DUSHANBE.
EFRAT (River) Bulgarian, Icelandic
Bulgarian and Icelandic form of EUPHRATES.
EGYPTEN (Country) Swedish, Danish
Swedish and Danish form of EGYPT.
ERMLAND (Region) Afrikaans, Dutch, German, Norwegian, Swedish
The name used for Warmia in the West and North Germanic languages.
ESBO (Settlement) Swedish
Swedish name for ESPOO.
ESKILSTUNA (Settlement) Swedish
Combination of the Swedish name ESKIL and Swedish tun (from Old Norse tún) meaning "enclosure, fence, homestead, courtyard, plot"... [more]
ETRURIEN (Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Etruria.
EVRÓPA (Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Europa (see EUROPE).
EYJAFJALLAJÖKULL (Other) Icelandic
Means "island mountain glacier". From Icelandic eyja "island", fjall "mountain", and jökull "glacier". Eyjafjallajökull is a glacier and volcano in Iceland whose eruptions in 2010 caused a great air travel disruption in Europe.
FÆREYJAR (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic cognate of FØROYAR.
FÆRØERNE (Country) Danish
Danish cognate of FØROYAR.
FÄRÖARNA (Country) Swedish
Swedish cognate of FØROYAR.
FILIPPINERNA (Country) Swedish
Swedish form of The PHILIPPINES.
FINNMARK (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the Old Norse finn(ar) (the Old Norse same of the Sami), and mǫrk meaning "woodland, borderland, or march/mark."... [more]
FØROYAR (Country) Faroese
Probably derived from Old Norse fær "sheep" and oyer, an archaic Faroese word meaning "islands".
GABON (Country) Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Turkish
Derived from Portuguese gabão meaning "cloak, overcoat", used to refer to the shape of the estuary of the Komo River by Libreville. This is the name of a country in Central Africa along the Atlantic coast.
GALICIEN (Political Subdivision) Danish, German, Luxembourgish, Swedish
Danish, German, Luxembourgish and Swedish form of Galicia.
GALILÆA (Region) Danish
Danish form of GALILEE.
GALÍLEA (Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of GALILEE.
GALILEEN (Region) Swedish
Swedish form of GALILEE.
GALLIA (Region & Country) Ancient Roman, Estonian, Finnish, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian
Ancient Roman name for the historical region of Gaul, which some modern countries have adopted as their name for that region.... [more]
GÖTALAND (Region) Swedish
Means "land of the Geats". The Geats (sometimes referred to as Goths) were a North Germanic tribe inhabiting southern Sweden. Götaland is one of three lands of Sweden, the others being SVEALAND and NORRLAND.
GÖTEBORG (Settlement) Swedish
Combination of Swedish Göte "Geat" and borg "castle, fortress". The Geats (sometimes referred to as Goths) were a North Germanic tribe inhabiting present-day GÖTALAND in Sweden.
GOTLAND (Island) Swedish
Named after a North Germanic tribe, the Gutes (Old Norse gotar).
GRAN CANARIA (Island) Spanish, English, Esperanto, Dutch, Welsh, Breton, Asturian, Aragonese, German, Estonian, Faroese, Galician, Croatian, Italian, Hungarian, Norwegian, Serbo-Croatian, Finnish, Swedish, Turkish, Icelandic, Czech, Polish, Romanian, Scots, Slovene
From Spanish gran "grande, great" and Canaria referring to the CANARY ISLANDS. Gran Canaria is the third largest and second most populous island of the Canary Islands.
GREKLAND (Country) Swedish
Swedish form of GREECE.
GRENADA (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
Probably from Granada, the name of a city in Andalusia, Spain, which is derived from Arabic غَرْنَاطَة‎ (ḡarnāṭa) possibly meaning "hill of strangers". This is the name of an island country in the Caribbean.
GRØNLAND (Country) Danish, Norwegian, Faroese
Cognate of GRŒNLAND.
GUAM (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
The name of the Territory. Guam is a U.S. island territory in Micronesia, in the Western Pacific. It's distinguished by tropical beaches, Chamorro villages and ancient latte-stone pillars. Guam’s WWII significance is on view at the War in the Pacific National Historical Park, whose sites include Asan Beach, a former battlefield... [more]
GVAM (Political Subdivision & Island) Icelandic, Serbian, Slovene
Icelandic, Serbian and Slovenian form of GUAM.
HAFNARFJÖRÐUR (Settlement) Icelandic
Combination of Icelandic höfn "harbour, port" and fjörður "fjord". Hafnarfjörður is the third largest city in Iceland.
HÄLSINGLAND (Region) Swedish
Hälsingland is a province in central Sweden meaning "land of the Hälsings". Hälsing is believed to be a combination of Swedish hals "throat, neck" and inge "dweller". The hals-part is probably not referring to the anatomical part, but rather to a narrow strait of water.
HEDMARK (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the Old Norse Heiðmǫrk. That's from heiðnir the name of an old Germanic tribe (related to heið meaning moorland) and mǫrk meaning "woodland, borderland, or march/mark."... [more]
HELLAS (Country) Norwegian, English (Rare), Czech (Rare)
From Ancient Greek Ἑλλάς (Hellás) "Greece". This is the Norwegian name for GREECE, used since 1932. It was previously called Grekenland (compare Grekland, Griekeland)... [more]
HELSINGBORG (Settlement) Swedish
Helsingborg is a city in SCANIA, Sweden. The name is a combination of hals "neck, narrow strait" and borg "castle, fortification". There has been a permanent settlement around Helsingborg since 1085, making it one of Sweden's oldest cities.
HELSINGFORS (Settlement) Swedish
Swedish form of HELSINKI, meaning "the Helsinge rapids".
HELSINGØR (Settlement) Danish, Norwegian
Danish city founded in the 1420s. The name is derived from the word hals meaning "neck, narrow strait". William Shakespeare's 'Hamlet' is set in ELSINORE (Kronborg), a castle in Helsingør.
HJÄLMAREN (Body of Water) Swedish
Derived from Old Swedish *iælmber "noise, rumble". Hjälmaren is the 4th largest lake in Sweden.
HORDALAND (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the Old Norse hǫrðar, meaning (and old Germanic tribe) and lǫnd meaning "lands."... [more]
HYRKANIEN (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Hyrcania.
INGERMANLAND (Region) Swedish, Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, German, Norwegian
Swedish form of Ingria, which some countries have adopted as their name for the historical region in northeastern Europe.
ÍSAFJÖRÐUR (Settlement) Icelandic
Means "ice fjord" from Icelandic ís meaning "ice" and fjörður meaning "fjord". This is the name of a town in Iceland.
ÍSLAND (Country & Island) Icelandic, Faroese, Ancient Scandinavian
Derived from Old Norse íss "ice" and land "land, country".
ISTANBUL (Settlement) Arabic, Avar, Bashkir, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Buryat, Croatian, Czech, Danish, English, Faroese, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Tatar, Tuvan, Urdu, Uzbek, Yakut
From Turkish İstanbul, which comes from a misinterpretation of the Medieval Greek phrase εἰς τὴν Πόλιν (eis tḗn pólin) meaning "to the City", a colloquial name for the city of Constantinople (reflecting its status as the only major city in the vicinity)... [more]
JAKARTA (Settlement) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Arabic, Armenian, Bengali, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Marathi, Mongolian, Persian, Romanian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkmen, Urdu, Uzbek
From Sanskrit जयकर्त (jayakarta) meaning "that which causes victory", from जय (jayá) "victory, triumph" and कृत (kṛtá) "done, made, accomplished". This is the name of the capital city of Indonesia.
JAMAICA (Country & Island) Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Hungarian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish
From the Arawaks originally called the island "Xymaica". It means "land of wood and water". Before the Spaniards changed the name into Jamaica.
JAVA (Island) Afrikaans, Armenian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Macedonian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik
From Indonesian Jawa which is of uncertain origin and meaning. It may be from Sanskrit यव-द्वीप (yava-dvīpa) meaning "island of barley", Javanese ꦗꦸꦮꦮꦸꦠ꧀ (juwawut) meaning "foxtail millet (a type of plant)", or Malay jauh meaning "far, distant"... [more]
JERÚSALEM (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of JERUSALEM.
JOHOR (Political Subdivision) Malay, English, Indonesian, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish
From Arabic جَوْهَر (jawhar) meaning "jewel, precious stone", ultimately from Persian جوهر (jowhar). This is the name of a state in southern Malaysia.
JOHOR BAHRU (Settlement) Malay, English, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Turkish
Means "new gem" from Arabic جَوْهَر‎ (jawhar) meaning "jewel, precious stone, gem" and Malay bahru meaning "new". This is the name of a city in Malaysia.
JÓRVÍK (Settlement) Ancient Scandinavian, Icelandic
Icelandic and Old Norse form of YORK. It is believed to be derived from Old English Eoforwic, itself believed to be derived from Latin Eboracum possibly meaning "place of the yew trees".
JUDÆA (Region) Danish
Danish form of Iudaea (see Judea).
JUDEEN (Region) Swedish
Swedish form of Iudaea (see Judea).
JUKKASJÄRVI (Settlement) Swedish, Finnish
Originally from Northern Sami Čohkkirasjávri meaning "lake of assembly". It was later changed to the much more Finnish-sounding name Jukkasjärvi. This probably changed the meaning of the name as the first element jukkas is of uncertain origin (but it coincides with the Finnish given name JUKKA)... [more]
KÁKASUS (Region & Mountain) Icelandic
Icelandic form of CAUCASUS.
KALABRIEN (Region) German, Luxembourgish, Swedish
German, Luxembourgish and Swedish form of Calabria.
KALEDONIEN (Region) Swedish
Swedish form of Caledonia.
KALIFORNIEN (Political Subdivision) Danish (Archaic), German, Luxembourgish, Swedish
Archaic Danish form of CALIFORNIA as well as the modern German, Luxembourgish and Swedish form of the name. The modern Danish form is Californien.
KALIMANTAN (Island & Region) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Buginese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
Means "burning weather (island)" from Sanskrit काल (kālá) meaning "time, season" and क्वथन (kvathana) meaning "boiling, churning". This is the name of the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo, though it is used to refer to the entire island in Indonesian.
KAMBODJA (Country) Afrikaans, Swedish
Afrikaans and Swedish form of CAMBODIA.
KANTABRIEN (Political Subdivision) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of CANTABRIA.
KARANTANIEN (Country) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of CARANTANIA.
KARIBIA (Region) Finnish, Indonesian, Norwegian
Finnish, Indonesian, and Norwegian form of CARIBBEAN.
KARIBIEN (Region) Norwegian, Swedish
Norwegian and Swedish form of CARIBBEAN. This is a variant in both countries: their standard name for the region is KARIBIA and Västindien respectively.
KARLSHAMN (Settlement) Swedish
Means "KARL's port" in Swedish. It was named after Swedish king Karl X Gustav. ... [more]
KARLSKRONA (Settlement) Swedish
Means "KARL's crown" in Swedish. It was named after Swedish king Karl XI. ... [more]
KARLSTAD (Settlement) Swedish
Means "KARL's town" in Swedish. It was named after the Swedish king Karl IX who founded the town in 1584. ... [more]
KARPATENE (Mountain) Norwegian
Norwegian form of CARPATHIANS.
KARPATERNA (Mountain) Swedish
Swedish form of CARPATHIANS.
KARPATERNE (Mountain) Danish
Danish form of CARPATHIANS.
KARTAGO (Settlement) Afrikaans, Indonesian, Norwegian
Afrikaans, Indonesian and Norwegian form of Carthage.
KARÞAGÓ (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Carthage.
KASAKHSTAN (Country) Danish, Norwegian, Somali
Danish, Norwegian, and Somali form of KAZAKHSTAN.
KASAKSTAN (Country) Afrikaans, Icelandic
Afrikaans and Icelandic form of KAZAKHSTAN.
KASTILIEN (Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of CASTILE.
KATALONIEN (Political Subdivision) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of CATALONIA.
KATRINEHOLM (Settlement) Swedish
Swedish city located in SÖDERMANLAND. It was originally the name of a ducal residence located in the area. The residence was named after the owner's wife CATHARINA.
KAUKASIA (Region) Finnish, Norwegian
Finnish and Norwegian form of Caucasia, which is an alternative name for the CAUCASUS geographical region.
KAUKASIEN (Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Caucasia, which is an alternative name for the CAUCASUS geographical region.
KAZBEK (Mountain) Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Russian Казбек (Kazbek) which is from Arabic قَاضِي (qāḍī) meaning "judge, arbiter" combined with the Turkish military title beg meaning "chieftain, master"... [more]
KEBNEKAISE (Mountain) Swedish
Derived from Lule Sami giebnne "cauldron" and gájsse "elevated and pointy crest". Kebnekaise is the highest mountain in Sweden.
KELANTAN (Political Subdivision) Malay, English, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from Malay gelam hutam referring to the cajeput tree, kilatan meaning "lightning, flash", or kolam tanah meaning "dirt pool". Alternatively, it may be from கோலம் (kōlam) the Tamil name for rangoli, an art form from the Indian subcontinent... [more]
KIRGISIEN (Country) Danish, German (Rare)
Danish and German form of KYRGYZSTAN via its Russian name KIRGIZIYA. This is an alternative name for the country; the standard name in both Denmark and Germany is KIRGISISTAN.
KIRGIZISTAN (Country) Basque, Slovene, Swedish
Basque, Slovenian and Swedish form of KYRGYZSTAN.
KIRUNA (Settlement) Swedish
From the name of the mountain Kiirunavaara, composed of Finnish kiiruna "ptarmigan" and vaara "large forested hill" (from Northern Sami várri "mountain"). Kiruna is the northernmost town in Sweden known for the Kiruna Mine, the largest and most modern underground iron ore mine in the world, and Esrange Space Center, a rocket range and research centre.
KØBENHAVN (Settlement) Danish
Newer form of Køpmannæhafn, meaning "merchants' harbour".
KÓPAVOGUR (Settlement) Icelandic
Combination of Icelandic kópur "seal" and vogur "bay". Kópavogur is the second largest city in Iceland.
KORINT (Settlement) Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Norwegian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene
Form of Corinthus (see Corinth).
KORINTH (Settlement) Danish, German, Swedish, Turkish
Danish, German, Swedish and Turkish form of Corinthus (see Corinth).
KÓRINÞA (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Corinthus (see Corinth).
KOSOVO (Country) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Indonesian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Ukrainian
From Albanian Kosova or Kosovë, which is derived from Serbian кос (kos) meaning "blackbird", an ellipsis of Косово Поље (Kosovo Polje) meaning "blackbird field"... [more]
KRESTONIEN (Region) Swedish
Swedish form of Crestonia.
KRISTIANSTAD (Settlement) Swedish
Swedish city founded in 1614, named after the Danish king KRISTIAN IV. The city is located in SKÅNE which belonged to Denmark until 1658.
KRISTINEHAMN (Settlement) Swedish
Named after Swedish queen KRISTINA (1626-1689). The town was previously named BRO. ... [more]
KUALA LUMPUR (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Javanese, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Afrikaans, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek, Yakut
Means "muddy confluence" from Malay kuala meaning "confluence" and lumpur "mud". This is the name of the capital and largest city of Malaysia.
LAKONIEN (Political Subdivision & Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of LACONIA.
LAOS (Country) Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
Coined by the French when they united the three Lao kingdoms into French Indochina, a former group of colonial territories in Southeast Asia. The name comes from Lao ລາວ (lāo), the ethnic name of Lao people, who were the dominant ethnic group in the region... [more]
LAUSITZ (Region) German, Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, Icelandic, Norwegian, Swedish
German form of Lusatia, which some countries have adopted as their name for the Central European region.
LETGALLEN (Region) Danish, Dutch, Afrikaans
Danish, Dutch and Afrikaans form of Latgale.
LETLAND (Country) Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch
Afrikaans, Danish and Dutch form of LATVIA.
LETTLAND (Country) Faroese, German, Icelandic, Swedish
Cognate of LATVIA.
LIVLAND (Region) German, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian
German and Scandinavian form of LIVONIA.
LOFOTEN (Other) Norwegian
Modern definite form of Lófót which is a combination of Old Swedish "lynx" and Old Norse fótr "foot". Lofoten is a archipelago in Norway known for it's dramatic scenery.
LÖNNEBERGA (Settlement) Swedish, Literature
Combination of Swedish lönn "maple" and berg "mountain". This is the name of a small village and parish in Småland, southern Sweden... [more]
LOVISA (Settlement) Swedish
Swedish form of LOVIISA.
LULEÅ (Settlement) Swedish
City in Northern Sweden named after LULE ÄLV. Luleå is located in the province/county Norrbotten.
LULE ÄLV (River) Swedish
Combination of Lule Sami lulij "the people living in the east" (referring to forest Sami people), and Swedish älv "river".
LÚSITANÍA (Political Subdivision & Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Lusitania.
LUSITANIEN (Political Subdivision & Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Lusitania.
LUXEMBURG (Country) Afrikaans, Dutch, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Romanian, Swedish
Afrikaans, Dutch, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Romanian and Swedish form of LUXEMBOURG.
LUZON (Island) Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Afrikaans, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish
Of uncertain meaning, probably from Tagalog lusong meaning "mortar (for pounding rice)". This is the name of the largest island in the Philippines.
MADRID (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Spanish, Abkhaz, Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Asturian, Avar, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Chechen, Chuvash, Circassian, Crimean Tatar, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Galician, German, Hebrew, Hungarian, Indonesian, Ingush, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Ossetian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tajik, Tagalog, Tatar, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek, Yakut
From the older name Magerit which is of uncertain meaning and origin. It may be derived from Arabic اَلْمَجْرِيط‎ (al-majrīṭ) meaning "source of water", from Latin matrix meaning "mother, source, origin (of rivers)", or from Celtic mageto ritu meaning "great bridge"... [more]
MAGUINDANAO (Political Subdivision) Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, English, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Swedish, Turkish
From Spanish Maguindanao, a corruption of Magindanaw, the endonym of the Maguindanao people. The ethnic name means "people of the flood plains" or "people of the lake" from the word danao meaning "lake"... [more]
MAKEDÓNÍA (Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of MACEDONIA.
MAKEDONIEN (Region) Danish, German, Luxembourgish, Swedish
Danish, German, Luxembourgish and Swedish form of MACEDONIA.
MÄLAREN (Body of Water) Swedish
Derived from Old Norse mælir meaning "gravel". Mälaren is the third largest lake in SWEDEN.
MALAYSIA (Country) Malay, English, Indonesian, German, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Italian, Romanian
From Malay, which refers to the Malay Peninsula and the Malay people, combined with the Greek suffix -σία (síā). The name Malay is from Melayu or Malayu, the name of a Sumatran kingdom, which is probably derived from Tamil மலை (malai) or Malayalam മല (mala) meaning "hill, mountain"... [more]
MALI (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Tatar, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From the name of the Mali Empire, which was derived from Mandinka or Bambara mali meaning "hippopotamus" or "the place where the king lives". This is the name of a landlocked country in West Africa.
MALÍ (Country) Icelandic, Spanish
Icelandic and Spanish form of MALI.
MALMÖ (Settlement) Swedish
Newer form of Malmhaug meaning "gravel pile" or "ore hill". Malmö is the third largest city in Sweden.
MALTA (Country & Island) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Greek, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Latvian, Lithuanian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Origin uncertain, possibly derived from Greek μέλι (meli) meaning "honey". This is the name of an island nation in southern Europe.
MANILA (Settlement) Cebuano, Ilocano, Maranao, Arabic, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, English, Finnish, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Thai, Ukrainian
From Tagalog Maynila which comes from the term may-nilà meaning "where indigo is found", ultimately from Sanskrit नील (nī́la) referring to the indigo plant. This is the name of the capital city of the Philippines.
MARIEFRED (Settlement) Swedish
Swedish town named after a charterhouse called Pax Mariae "Maria's peace". A combination of the name MARIA and Swedish fred "peace" (pax means "peace, harmony" in Latin).
MARIEHAMN (Settlement) Swedish, English
Mariehamn is the capital of ÅLAND, named after Russian empress MARIA Alexandrovna.
MARIESTAD (Settlement) Swedish
Means "MARIA's town". It was founded in 1583 by Charles IX of Sweden and was named after his wife Maria of the Palatinate.... [more]
MASOVIEN (Region) Danish, Swedish
Danish and Swedish form of Masovia.
MEDIEN (Political Subdivision & Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Media.
MESSENIEN (Political Subdivision & Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Messenia.
MOLDAVIEN (Country) Swedish
Swedish form of MOLDOVA.
MOLDOVA (Country) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Danish, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Latvian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Romanian, Turkish, Ukrainian
From the name of the Moldova River in eastern Romania, which is of uncertain origin and meaning. It may be from Slavic mold- meaning "spruce, fir" or *moldu meaning "tender, soft, young", from Old German molde meaning "open-pit mine", or Gothic Mulda meaning "dust, dirt"... [more]
MOLUCKERNA (Region) Swedish
Swedish form of Moluccas, which is a common alternative name for the Maluku Islands.
MOLUKKENE (Region) Norwegian
Norwegian form of Moluccas, which is a common alternative name for the Maluku Islands.
MOLUKKERNE (Region) Danish
Danish form of Moluccas, which is a common alternative name for the Maluku Islands.
MONGOLIET (Country) Swedish, Danish
Swedish and Danish form of MONGOLIA.
NÄRKE (Region) Swedish
Närke is Swedish historical province. The name is believed to be derived from the word när meaning "ridge, hill" (not to be confused with the word nära "close, near").
NIDAROS (Settlement) Norwegian (Archaic)
Former name of TRONDHEIM. The name is derived from NIDELVA.
NIDELVA (River) Norwegian
The name of a river that runs through TRONDHEIM, and the name of a river in southern Norway. The name is a combination of the words elv "river" and nid (of unknown meaning).
NILEN (River) Danish, Norwegian, Swedish
Danish, Norwegian and Swedish form of NILE.
NORDAMERIKA (Region) Swedish, Danish, German
Swedish, Danish and German form of North AMERICA.
NORDEN (Region) Swedish, Danish, Norwegian
Swedish, Danish and Norwegian name for The Nordic countries, meaning literally "the North". Norden is a geographical and cultural region consisting of Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Finland and Iceland... [more]
NORDKOREA (Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of North KOREA.
NORDLAND (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the Norwegian words nord meaning "north" and land meaning "country."... [more]
NOREG (Country) Norwegian (Nynorsk), Faroese
Nynorsk and Faroese form of NORGE.
NORRLAND (Region) Swedish
Literally means "Northland" in Swedish. Norrland is one of three lands of Sweden, the others being GÖTALAND and SVEALAND.
NYA ZEELAND (Country & Island) Swedish
Swedish form of NEW ZEALAND.
ODENSE (Settlement) Danish
From Old Norse ÓÐINN's vé meaning "Odin's sanctuary". This is the 3rd largest city in Denmark and the birthplace of Hans Christian Andersen (1805-1875), the author of fairy tales such as 'The Little Mermaid' (1837), and 'The Snow Queen' (1844).
OMAN (Country) Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Ukrainian
From Arabic عمان‎ (ʿUmān), which is of disputed etymology. It may be from Arabic عُمَانَة (ʿumāna), a byname for the historical city of Sohar (presently located in Al Batinah North Governorate, Oman), which is probably derived from the root ع م ن‎ (ʿ-m-n) meaning "to settle, to remain, to dwell"... [more]
ØPPLAND (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the Old Norse upp meaning "up, upper" and lǫnd meaning "lands." The inner regions of Norway were called Upplǫnd in Norse times.... [more]
ÖREBRO (Settlement) Swedish
Combination of Swedish ör, an archaic word meaning "gravel", and BRO "bridge. ... [more]
OSJ (Settlement) Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Norwegian, Swedish
Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Norwegian and Swedish form of Osh.
OSLO (Settlement) Norwegian
Meaning uncertain. It was originally the name of a farm in Bjørvika, a neighborhood in present-day Oslo.
OSSETIA (Region) English, Finnish, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian
From Russian Осетия (Osetiya), from Georgian ოსეთი (oseti) derived from ოსი (osi) meaning "Ossetian". The name comes from As, the self-designation of the historic Alan people... [more]
OSSETIEN (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of OSSETIA.
ÖSTERBOTTEN (Political Subdivision & Region) Swedish, Danish, Dutch, German, Norwegian
Swedish form of Ostrobothnia, which some countries have adopted as their name for the Finnish region and the historical Swedish province.
ÖSTERGÖTLAND (Region) Swedish
A county (län) and historical province in Sweden. Östergötland means "Eastern GÖTALAND". ... [more]
ÖSTERSJÖN (Body of Water) Swedish
Means "the eastern sea" in Swedish. This is the Swedish name for the BALTIC SEA.
ØSTFOLD (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the old name of the Olsofjord fold and the Norwegian word øst. The name means, "the region east of the fold."... [more]
PADANG (Settlement) Minangkabau, Acehnese, Balinese, Indonesian, Javanese, Malay, Sundanese, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Uzbek
Means "field, plain" in Indonesian. This is the name of a city in West Sumatra province, Indonesia.
PAIONIEN (Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Paionia (see Paeonia).
PANAMA (Country) Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Irish, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
Meaning uncertain. It may be derived from the name of the Panama tree (a common species in the area), from an indigenous word meaning "many butterflies", from Kuna bannaba meaning "distant, far away", or from a Guaraní word meaning "place of many fish"... [more]
PANGASINAN (Political Subdivision) Pangasinan, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Swedish, Turkish
From the name of the Pangasinan people, which means "place of salt" or "land of salt", derived from Pangasinan pang- meaning "for", asin meaning "salt", and the place marker suffix -an... [more]
PARÞÍA (Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Parthia.
PELAGONIEN (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Pelagonia.
PJONGJANG (Settlement) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Dutch, Finnish, Icelandic, Macedonian, Polish, Serbian, Slovene
Form of Pyongyang. In Belgium and the Netherlands, this spelling is technically considered dated but still used regularly there (especially in Belgium). The preferred spelling is now the same as the English one, namely Pyongyang.
PODLASIEN (Region) Swedish, German
Swedish form of Podlachia as well as a German variant of PODLACHIEN.
PÓLLAND (Country) Faroese, Icelandic
Faroese and Icelandic form of POLAND.
POMESANIEN (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Pomesania.
PUERTO RICO (Political Subdivision) Spanish, Afrikaans, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish
Means "rich port" in Spanish. Puerto Rico is a Caribbean island and unincorporated U.S. territory with a landscape of mountains, waterfalls and the El Yunque tropical rainforest. In San Juan, the capital and largest city, the Isla Verde area is known for its hotel strip, beach bars and casinos... [more]
PUNCAK JAYA (Mountain) Indonesian, Balinese, Javanese, Malay, Sundanese, Bosnian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Turkish
Means "summit of victory" from Indonesian puncak meaning "top, summit, peak" and jaya meaning "victory". This is the name of the highest mountain in Indonesia located on the island of New Guinea, sometimes referred to as the Carstensz Pyramid.
PUNJAB (Political Subdivision & Region) English, Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Swedish, Tagalog
From Punjabi پنجاب (Paṉjāb) or ਪੰਜਾਬ (Pañjāb) which is from Persian پنجاب (panjâb) meaning "five rivers" or "five waters", derived from پنج (panj) meaning "five" and آب (âb) meaning "water, river"... [more]
PYRENÆERNE (Mountain) Danish
Danish form of Pyrenees.
PYRENEENE (Mountain) Norwegian
Norwegian form of Pyrenees.
PYRENÉERNA (Mountain) Swedish
Swedish form of Pyrenees.
REYKJAVÍK (Settlement) Icelandic
Means "bay of smokes", from Old Norse reykir, plural of reykr “smoke” and vík "bay". Steam from hot springs in the region is said to have inspired Reykjavík's name.
RHODESIA (Country) English, Danish, Finnish, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish
Zimbabwe was known as Rhodesia (named after British diplomat Cecil Rhodes) prior to 1980.
RIKSGRÄNSEN (Settlement) Swedish
Means "the national border" in Swedish. Riksgränsen is a small village and popular ski-resort in Northern Sweden, close to the Norwegian border.
ROGALAND (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the Old Norse rygir (probably the name of a Germanic tribe) and and lǫnd meaning "lands." ... [more]
ROSLAGEN (Region) Swedish
Derived from roslag, an old dialectal word meaning "rowing crew", ultimately derived from Old Swedish *roþs- "rowing". Compare RUS, and modern Swedish ro "to row".
SAHARA (Country & Region) Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kannada, Korean, Kurdish, Macedonian, Malay, Malayalam, Marathi, Nepali, Norwegian, Polish, Punjabi, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Telugu, Thai, Turkmen, Yiddish
Derived from Arabic صَحَارَى‎ (ṣaḥārā) meaning "deserts", the plural of صَحْرَاء (ṣaḥrāʾ) meaning "desert". This is the name of a desert in Northern Africa as well as a disputed territory and semi-independent state (Western Sahara).
SAMARIEN (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Samaria.
SAMLAND (Region) Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, German, Norwegian, Swedish
The name used for Sambia in the West and North Germanic languages.
SÁPMI (Region) Sami, Swedish, English, German, Breton, Faroese, Manx, Scots, Vietnamese
Perhaps ultimately derived from Proto-Balto-Slavic *źemē meaning "earth". Suomi, the Finnish name for Finland, is believed to be derived from the same root... [more]
SARAJEVO (Settlement) Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Norwegian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish
Capital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The name is believed to be derived from the term saray ovası meaning "the plains around the palace". The first element is derived from the Turkish word saray meaning "palace"... [more]
SARDINIA (Region & Island) Basque, English, Finnish, Georgian, Greek, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian
An island which is also one of the 20 regions of Italy.
SARDINIEN (Political Subdivision & Island) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of SARDINIA.
SAUDIARABIEN (Country) Swedish
Swedish form of SAUDI ARABIA.
SEMGALLEN (Region) Danish, Dutch, German, Swedish
Danish, Dutch, German and Swedish form of Semigallia.
SENJA (Island) Norwegian
An island and a municipality in TROMS county, NORWAY. The meaning of the name is officially unknown, but it could come from the word sundr which means "split apart" or "tear"... [more]
SEOUL (Settlement) Korean, Danish, English, German, Greek, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian, Swedish, Tagalog
Means "capital" in Korean, probably derived from Sillan 서라벌 (Seorabeol) referring to the capital of the ancient kingdom of Silla. This is the name of the capital city of South Korea.
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