Scandinavian Submitted Place Names

Scandinavian names are used in the Scandinavia region of northern Europe. For more specific lists, see Swedish names, Danish names and Norwegian names. See also about Scandinavian names.
 more filters...
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
ABISKO (Other) Swedish
From Northern Sami Ábeskovvu meaning "forest by the big water", from Sami áphi "lake, sea, big water" and skovvu, identical to Swedish skog "forest". The "big water" is probably Torneträsk... [more]
ÅBO (Settlement) Swedish
Possibly from Swedish å "river" and bo "home, dwelling" or "dweller, inhabitant". Other meanings are possible, like it being derived from the given name Aabo. This is the Swedish name of Turku.
AKADIEN (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Acadia.
AKARNANIEN (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Akarnania (see Acarnania).
AKERSHUS (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
The Norwegian fylke of Akershus is names after Akershus Fortress, meaning "the (fortified) house of (the district) Aker." Aker used to be a Norwegian municipality, but it is now an area in Oslo.... [more]
AKUREYRI (Settlement) Icelandic
Combination of Icelandic akur "field" and eyri "sandbank". Akureyri is a town in the north of Iceland.
ÅLAND (Island) Swedish
Either derived from Old Norse *Ahvaland meaning "land of water" (from ahva "water"), or from Finnish Ahvenanmaa "perch land" (from ahven "perch"). Åland is an autonomous archipelago province in the Baltic Sea... [more]
ALGERIET (Country) Swedish, Danish
Swedish and Danish form of Algeria.
AMERIKAS FÖRENTA STATER (Country) Swedish
Formal Swedish name for the United States of America. The country is usually referred to as USA or Amerika in everyday speech.
ANATOLIEN (Region) Danish, German, Luxembourgish, Swedish
Danish, German, Luxembourgish and Swedish form of Anatolia.
ANDALUSIEN (Political Subdivision) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Andalusia.
ÅNGERMANLAND (Region) Swedish
Derived from Old Norse anger "deep fjord". Ångermanland is a historical province in Northern Sweden.
AQUITANIEN (Region) Danish, German
Danish and German form of Aquitaine.
ÅRE (Settlement) Swedish
Meaning uncertain, but probably derived from Old West Norse *ár "peak, crest". Åre is a village and a popular ski resort in Jämtland, Sweden.
ARENDAL (Settlement) Norwegian
Combination of Old Norse ǫrn "eagle" and dalr "valley, dale". Arendal is a town and municipality in Southern Norway.
ARKADIEN (Political Subdivision & Region) Danish, German, Luxembourgish, Swedish
Danish, German, Luxembourgish and Swedish form of Arcadia.
ASTURIEN (Political Subdivision) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Asturias.
AUST-AGDER (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the Nynork word aust "east" and the place name agder. It means "the eastern part of Agder."... [more]
AZERBAJDZJAN (Country) Swedish
Swedish form of Azerbaijan.
BANGLADESH (Country) English, Breton, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Interlingua, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish
Means "land of the Bengalis", from Bengali বাংলা (Bangla) meaning "Bengali" (referring to the Bengali people or Bengali language spoken by the Bengali people), which is ultimately from Vanga, the name of an ancient kingdom on the Indian subcontinent (see Bengal) combined with দেশ (desh) "country, land, state", ultimately from Sanskrit देश (deśá)... [more]
BERGEN (Settlement) Dutch, Norwegian, German
Newer form of Bjǫrgvin, a combination of Old Norse bjarg "mountain" and vin "meadow". This is the 2nd largest city in Norway.
BISALTIEN (Region) Swedish
Swedish form of Bisaltia.
BISJKEK (Settlement) Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Norwegian, Swedish
Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Norwegian and Swedish form of Bishkek.
BOIOTIEN (Political Subdivision & Region) Danish, Swedish
Danish and Swedish form of Boiotia (see Boeotia).
BRO (Settlement) Swedish
Means "bridge" in Swedish. This is the name of many localities and parishes in Sweden. It's also a common place name element (see Örebro).
BRUNEI (Country) Malay, English, Indonesian, Catalan, Finnish, Portuguese, German, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Swedish, Danish, Tagalog, Dutch, Turkish
Probably derived from Borneo, the name of an island, which in turn is most likely from Sanskrit वरुण (váruṇa) meaning "ocean, water". A local legend suggests that the name may be derived from the phrase baru nah meaning "there!" or "that's it!", which was supposedly declared by Muhammad Shah, Brunei's first sultan... [more]
BRUSSEL (Settlement) Dutch, Afrikaans, Icelandic, Norwegian
Dutch, Afrikaans, Icelandic and Norwegian form of Brussels.
BRUXELLES (Settlement) French, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Italian, Romanian
French form of Brussels, which some countries have adopted as their name for the Belgian city.
BURUNDI (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Breton, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
The name of the Country in East Africa. Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi, is a landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region of East Africa, bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.
BUSKERUD (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
Named after an old manor of the same name. (Biskupsruð) It derives from the Old Norse biskup (bishop) and ruð (clearing, farm.) The biskup part referring in particular to the Bishop of the ancient Catholic diocese of Hamar.... [more]
CAMBODJA (Country) Danish, Dutch
Danish and Dutch form of Cambodia.
DANMÖRK (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of DANMARK.
DARDANIEN (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Dardania.
DJAKARTA (Settlement) Dutch (Archaic), Afrikaans, Icelandic
Archaic Dutch form of Jakarta as well as the modern Afrikaans and Icelandic form of the name. The modern Dutch form is written exactly the same as the English form.
EFRAT (River) Bulgarian, Icelandic
Bulgarian and Icelandic form of Euphrates.
ERMLAND (Region) Afrikaans, Dutch, German, Norwegian, Swedish
The name used for Warmia in the West and North Germanic languages.
ESBO (Settlement) Swedish
Swedish name for Espoo.
ESKILSTUNA (Settlement) Swedish
Combination of the Swedish name Eskil and Swedish tun (from Old Norse tún) meaning "enclosure, fence, homestead, courtyard, plot". The town was originally called just Tuna but was renamed Eskilstuna after Saint Eskil who was stoned to death in 1080... [more]
ETRURIEN (Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Etruria.
EVRÓPA (Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Europa (see Europe).
EYJAFJALLAJÖKULL (Other) Icelandic
Means "island mountain glacier". From Icelandic eyja "island", fjall "mountain", and jökull "glacier". Eyjafjallajökull is a glacier and volcano in Iceland whose eruptions in 2010 caused a great air travel disruption in Europe.
FÆREYJAR (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic cognate of FØROYAR.
FÆRØERNE (Country) Danish
Danish cognate of FØROYAR.
FÄRÖARNA (Country) Swedish
Swedish cognate of FØROYAR.
FINNMARK (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the Old Norse finn(ar) (the Old Norse same of the Sami), and mǫrk meaning "woodland, borderland, or march/mark."... [more]
FØROYAR (Country) Faroese
Probably derived from Old Norse fær "sheep" and oyer, an archaic Faroese word meaning "islands".
GALICIEN (Political Subdivision) Danish, German, Luxembourgish, Swedish
Danish, German, Luxembourgish and Swedish form of Galicia.
GALILÆA (Region) Danish
Danish form of Galilee.
GALÍLEA (Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Galilee.
GALILEEN (Region) Swedish
Swedish form of Galilee.
GÖTALAND (Region) Swedish
Means "land of the Geats". The Geats (sometimes referred to as Goths) were a North Germanic tribe inhabiting southern Sweden. Götaland is one of three lands of Sweden, the others being Svealand and Norrland.
GÖTEBORG (Settlement) Swedish
Combination of Swedish Göte "Geat" and borg "castle, fortress". The Geats (sometimes referred to as Goths) were a North Germanic tribe inhabiting present-day Götaland in Sweden.
GOTLAND (Island) Swedish
Named after a North Germanic tribe, the Gutes (Old Norse gotar).
GRØNLAND (Country) Danish, Norwegian, Faroese
Cognate of Grœnland.
HAFNARFJÖRÐUR (Settlement) Icelandic
Combination of Icelandic höfn "harbour, port" and fjörður "fjord". Hafnarfjörður is the third largest city in Iceland.
HÄLSINGLAND (Region) Swedish
Hälsingland is a province in central Sweden meaning "land of the Hälsings". Hälsing is believed to be a combination of Swedish hals "throat, neck" and inge "dweller". The hals-part is probably not referring to the anatomical part, but rather to a narrow strait of water.
HEDMARK (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the Old Norse Heiðmǫrk. That's from heiðnir the name of an old Germanic tribe (related to heið meaning moorland) and mǫrk meaning "woodland, borderland, or march/mark."... [more]
HELSINGBORG (Settlement) Swedish
Helsingborg is a city in Scania, Sweden. The name is a combination of hals "neck, narrow strait" and borg "castle, fortification". There has been a permanent settlement around Helsingborg since 1085, making it one of Sweden's oldest cities.
HELSINGFORS (Settlement) Swedish
Swedish form of Helsinki, meaning "the Helsinge rapids".
HELSINGØR (Settlement) Danish, Norwegian
Danish city founded in the 1420s. The name is derived from the word hals meaning "neck, narrow strait". William Shakespeare's 'Hamlet' is set in Elsinore (Kronborg), a castle in Helsingør.
HJÄLMAREN (Body of Water) Swedish
Derived from Old Swedish *iælmber "noise, rumble". Hjälmaren is the 4th largest lake in Sweden.
HORDALAND (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the Old Norse hǫrðar, meaning (and old Germanic tribe) and lǫnd meaning "lands."... [more]
HYRKANIEN (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Hyrcania.
INGERMANLAND (Region) Swedish, Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, German, Norwegian
Swedish form of Ingria, which some countries have adopted as their name for the historical region in northeastern Europe.
ÍSAFJÖRÐUR (Settlement) Icelandic
Means "ice fjord" or "fjord of ice" in Icelandic. Ísafjörður is a town in Iceland.
ÍSLAND (Country) Icelandic, Faroese, Ancient Scandinavian
Derived from Old Norse íss "ice" and land "land, country".
JAKARTA (Settlement) Indonesian, Malay, English, Javanese, Sundanese, Minangkabau, Balinese, Acehnese, French, Dutch, German, Danish, Swedish, Romanian, Finnish, Croatian
Derived from Sanskrit जयकर्त (jayakarta) meaning "that which causes victory", from जय (jayá) "victory, triumph" and कृत (kṛtá) "done, made, accomplished"... [more]
JERÚSALEM (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Jerusalem.
JÓRVÍK (Settlement) Ancient Scandinavian, Icelandic
Icelandic and Old Norse form of York. It is believed to be derived from Old English Eoforwic, itself believed to be derived from Latin Eboracum possibly meaning "place of the yew trees".
JUDÆA (Region) Danish
Danish form of Iudaea (see Judea).
JUDEEN (Region) Swedish
Swedish form of Iudaea (see Judea).
JUKKASJÄRVI (Settlement) Swedish, Finnish
Originally from Northern Sami Čohkkirasjávri meaning "lake of assembly". It was later changed to the much more Finnish-sounding name Jukkasjärvi. This probably changed the meaning of the name as the first element jukkas is of uncertain origin (but it coincides with the Finnish given name Jukka)... [more]
KÁKASUS (Region & Mountain) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Caucasus.
KALABRIEN (Region) German, Luxembourgish, Swedish
German, Luxembourgish and Swedish form of Calabria.
KALEDONIEN (Region) Swedish
Swedish form of Caledonia.
KALIFORNIEN (Political Subdivision) Danish (Archaic), German, Luxembourgish, Swedish
Archaic Danish form of California as well as the modern German, Luxembourgish and Swedish form of the name. The modern Danish form is Californien.
KAMBODJA (Country) Afrikaans, Swedish
Afrikaans and Swedish form of Cambodia.
KANTABRIEN (Political Subdivision) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Cantabria.
KARANTANIEN (Country) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Carantania.
KARLSHAMN (Settlement) Swedish
Means "Karl's port" in Swedish. It was named after Swedish king Karl X Gustav. ... [more]
KARLSKRONA (Settlement) Swedish
Means "Karl's crown" in Swedish. It was named after Swedish king Karl XI. ... [more]
KARLSTAD (Settlement) Swedish
Means "Karl's town" in Swedish. It was named after the Swedish king Karl IX who founded the town in 1584. ... [more]
KARTAGO (Settlement) Afrikaans, Indonesian, Norwegian
Afrikaans, Indonesian and Norwegian form of Carthage.
KARÞAGÓ (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Carthage.
KASAKSTAN (Country) Afrikaans, Icelandic
Afrikaans and Icelandic form of Kazakhstan.
KASTILIEN (Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Castile.
KATALONIEN (Political Subdivision) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Catalonia.
KATRINEHOLM (Settlement) Swedish
Swedish city located in Södermanland. It was originally the name of a ducal residence located in the area. The residence was named after the owner's wife Catharina.
KAUKASIA (Region) Finnish, Norwegian
Finnish and Norwegian form of Caucasia, which is an alternative name for the Caucasus geographical region.
KAUKASIEN (Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Caucasia, which is an alternative name for the Caucasus geographical region.
KEBNEKAISE (Mountain) Swedish
Derived from Lule Sami giebnne "cauldron" and gájsse "elevated and pointy crest". Kebnekaise is the highest mountain in Sweden.
KIRUNA (Settlement) Swedish
From the name of the mountain Kiirunavaara, composed of Finnish kiiruna "ptarmigan" and vaara "large forested hill" (from Northern Sami várri "mountain"). Kiruna is the northernmost town in Sweden known for the Kiruna Mine, the largest and most modern underground iron ore mine in the world, and Esrange Space Center, a rocket range and research centre.
KØBENHAVN (Settlement) Danish
Newer form of Køpmannæhafn, meaning "merchants' harbour".
KÓPAVOGUR (Settlement) Icelandic
Combination of Icelandic kópur "seal" and vogur "bay". Kópavogur is the second largest city in Iceland.
KORINT (Settlement) Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Norwegian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene
Form of Corinthus (see Corinth).
KORINTH (Settlement) Danish, German, Swedish, Turkish
Danish, German, Swedish and Turkish form of Corinthus (see Corinth).
KÓRINÞA (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Corinthus (see Corinth).
KRESTONIEN (Region) Swedish
Swedish form of Crestonia.
KRISTIANSTAD (Settlement) Swedish
Swedish city founded in 1614, named after the Danish king Kristian IV. The city is located in Skåne which belonged to Denmark until 1658.
KRISTINEHAMN (Settlement) Swedish
Named after Swedish queen Kristina (1626-1689). The town was previously named Bro. ... [more]
KUALA LUMPUR (Settlement) Malay, English, Indonesian, French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, German, Turkish, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, Polish, Croatian, Serbian, Dutch
Means "muddy confluence" from Malay kuala meaning "confluence" and lumpur "mud". This is the name of the capital and largest city of Malaysia.
LAKONIEN (Political Subdivision & Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Laconia.
LATVIA (Country) English, Finnish, Norwegian
Cognate of Latvija.
LAUSITZ (Region) German, Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, Icelandic, Norwegian, Swedish
German form of Lusatia, which some countries have adopted as their name for the Central European region.
LETGALLEN (Region) Danish, Dutch, Afrikaans
Danish, Dutch and Afrikaans form of Latgale.
LETLAND (Country) Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch
Afrikaans, Danish and Dutch form of Latvia.
LETTLAND (Country) Faroese, German, Icelandic, Swedish
Cognate of Latvia.
LIVLAND (Region) German, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian
German and Scandinavian form of Livonia.
LOFOTEN (Other) Norwegian
Modern definite form of Lófót which is a combination of Old Swedish "lynx" and Old Norse fótr "foot". Lofoten is a archipelago in Norway known for it's dramatic scenery.
LOVISA (Settlement) Swedish
Swedish form of Loviisa.
LULEÅ (Settlement) Swedish
City in Northern Sweden named after Lule älv. Luleå is located in the province/county Norrbotten.
LULE ÄLV (River) Swedish
Combination of Lule Sami lulij "the people living in the east" (referring to forest Sami people), and Swedish älv "river".
LÚSITANÍA (Political Subdivision & Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Lusitania.
LUSITANIEN (Political Subdivision & Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Lusitania.
LUXEMBURG (Country) Afrikaans, Dutch, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Romanian, Swedish
Afrikaans, Dutch, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Romanian and Swedish form of Luxembourg.
MADRID (Settlement) Spanish, Croatian, English, Catalan, Czech, Danish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Portuguese, Swedish, Tatar, Turkish
Newer form of Magerit. The etymology is uncertain, but it could be derived from Arabic المجريط (al-Magrīt) "source of water". This is the name of the capital of Spain.
MAKEDÓNÍA (Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Macedonia.
MAKEDONIEN (Region) Danish, German, Luxembourgish, Swedish
Danish, German, Luxembourgish and Swedish form of Macedonia.
MÄLAREN (Body of Water) Swedish
Derived from Old Norse mælir meaning "gravel". Mälaren is the third largest lake in Sweden.
MALAYSIA (Country) Malay, English, Indonesian, German, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Italian, Romanian
From Malay, which refers to the Malay Peninsula and the Malay people, combined with the Greek suffix -σία (síā). The name Malay is from Melayu or Malayu, the name of a Sumatran kingdom, which is probably derived from Tamil மலை (malai) or Malayalam മല (mala) meaning "hill, mountain"... [more]
MALMÖ (Settlement) Swedish
Newer form of Malmhaug meaning "gravel pile" or "ore hill". Malmö is the third largest city in Sweden.
MALTA (Country) English, Basque, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, Galician, German, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Turkmen, West Frisian
Malta, officially known as the Republic of Malta, is a Southern European island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea.... [more]
MARIEFRED (Settlement) Swedish
Swedish town named after a charterhouse called Pax Mariae "Maria's peace". A combination of the name Maria and Swedish fred "peace" (pax means "peace, harmony" in Latin).
MARIEHAMN (Settlement) Swedish, English
Mariehamn is the capital of Åland, named after Russian empress Maria Alexandrovna.
MARIESTAD (Settlement) Swedish
Means "Maria's town". It was founded in 1583 by Charles IX of Sweden and was named after his wife Maria of the Palatinate.... [more]
MASOVIEN (Region) Danish, Swedish
Danish and Swedish form of Masovia.
MESSENIEN (Political Subdivision & Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Messenia.
NÄRKE (Region) Swedish
Närke is Swedish historical province. The name is believed to be derived from the word när meaning "ridge, hill" (not to be confused with the word nära "close, near").
NIDAROS (Settlement) Norwegian (Archaic)
Former name of Trondheim. The name is derived from Nidelva.
NIDELVA (River) Norwegian
The name of a river that runs through Trondheim, and the name of a river in southern Norway. The name is a combination of the words elv "river" and nid (of unknown meaning).
NILEN (River) Danish, Norwegian, Swedish
Danish, Norwegian and Swedish form of Nile.
NORDAMERIKA (Region) Swedish, Danish, German
Swedish, Danish and German form of North America.
NORDLAND (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the Norwegian words nord meaning "north" and land meaning "country."... [more]
NOREG (Country) Norwegian (Nynorsk), Faroese
Nynorsk and Faroese form of NORGE.
NORRLAND (Region) Swedish
Literally means "Northland" in Swedish. Norrland is one of three lands of Sweden, the others being Götaland and Svealand.
ODENSE (Settlement) Danish
From Old Norse Óðinn's vé meaning "Odin's sanctuary". This is the 3rd largest city in Denmark and the birthplace of Hans Christian Andersen (1805-1875), the author of fairy tales such as 'The Little Mermaid' (1837), and 'The Snow Queen' (1844).
ØPPLAND (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the Old Norse upp meaning "up, upper" and lǫnd meaning "lands." The inner regions of Norway were called Upplǫnd in Norse times.... [more]
ÖREBRO (Settlement) Swedish
Combination of Swedish ör, an archaic word meaning "gravel", and bro "bridge. ... [more]
OSJ (Settlement) Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Norwegian, Swedish
Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Norwegian and Swedish form of Osh.
OSLO (Settlement) Norwegian
Meaning uncertain. It was originally the name of a farm in Bjørvika, a neighborhood in present-day Oslo.
OSSETIEN (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Ossetia.
ÖSTERBOTTEN (Political Subdivision & Region) Swedish, Danish, Dutch, German, Norwegian
Swedish form of Ostrobothnia, which some countries have adopted as their name for the Finnish region and the historical Swedish province.
ÖSTERGÖTLAND (Region) Swedish
A county (län) and historical province in Sweden. Östergötland means "Eastern Götaland". ... [more]
ÖSTERSJÖN (Body of Water) Swedish
Means "the eastern sea" in Swedish. This is the Swedish name for the Baltic sea.
ØSTFOLD (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the old name of the Olsofjord fold and the Norwegian word øst. The name means, "the region east of the fold."... [more]
PAIONIEN (Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Paionia (see Paeonia).
PANAMA (Country) English, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, Finnish, German, Irish, Italian, Latin, Norwegian, Polish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
The name of the Country in Central America. Panama is a country on the isthmus linking Central and South America. The Panama Canal, a famous feat of human engineering, cuts through its center, linking the Atlantic and Pacific oceans to create an essential shipping route... [more]
PARÞÍA (Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Parthia.
PELAGONIEN (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Pelagonia.
PJONGJANG (Settlement) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Dutch, Finnish, Icelandic, Macedonian, Polish, Serbian, Slovene
Form of Pyongyang. In Belgium and the Netherlands, this spelling is technically considered dated but still used regularly there (especially in Belgium). The preferred spelling is now the same as the English one, namely Pyongyang.
PODLASIEN (Region) Swedish, German
Swedish form of Podlachia as well as a German variant of Podlachien.
PÓLLAND (Country) Faroese, Icelandic
Faroese and Icelandic form of Poland.
POMESANIEN (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Pomesania.
PUNJAB (Political Subdivision & Region) English, German, Malay, Italian, Norwegian, Welsh, Swahili, Dutch, Scots
From Punjabi پنجاب (Paṉjāb) or ਪੰਜਾਬ (Pañjāb) both meaning "land of five waters"; ultimately from Persian پنج (panj) "five" combined with آب (âb) "water"... [more]
REYKJAVÍK (Settlement) Icelandic
Means "bay of smokes", from Old Norse reykir, plural of reykr “smoke” and vík "bay". Steam from hot springs in the region is said to have inspired Reykjavík's name.
RIKSGRÄNSEN (Settlement) Swedish
Means "the national border" in Swedish. Riksgränsen is a small village and popular ski-resort in Northern Sweden, close to the Norwegian border.
ROGALAND (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the Old Norse rygir (probably the name of a Germanic tribe) and and lǫnd meaning "lands." ... [more]
ROSLAGEN (Region) Swedish
Derived from roslag, an old dialectal word meaning "rowing crew", ultimately derived from Old Swedish *roþs- "rowing". Compare RUS, and modern Swedish ro "to row".
RUMÆNIEN (Country) Danish
Danish form of Romania.
SAMARIEN (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Samaria.
SAMLAND (Region) Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, German, Norwegian, Swedish
The name used for Sambia in the West and North Germanic languages.
SARAJEVO (Settlement) Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Norwegian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish
Capital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The name is believed to be derived from the term saray ovası meaning "the plains around the palace". The first element is derived from the Turkish word saray meaning "palace"... [more]
SARDINIEN (Political Subdivision & Island) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Sardinia.
SEMGALLEN (Region) Danish, Dutch, German, Swedish
Danish, Dutch, German and Swedish form of Semigallia.
SENJA (Island) Norwegian
An island and a municipality in Troms county, Norway. The meaning of the name is officially unknown, but it could come from the word sundr which means "split apart" or "tear". The name could also be a Norwegian version of the Northern Sami name for the island, which is Sážžá
SIBIRIEN (Region) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish, and Danish form of SIBERIA.
SINAI (Region & Mountain) Biblical, Hebrew, Albanian, Danish, English, German, Italian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish
Biblical place name, both the mountain upon which Moses receives the Ten Commandments from God and the desert where it is located, found between Canaan and Egypt.... [more]
SINGAPORE (Country) English, Italian, Norwegian, Swedish, Finnish, Danish, Dutch, Romanian, Tagalog
From Malay Singapura, which is derived from Sanskrit सिंह (siṃhá) meaning "lion" and पुर (pura) "city". The name refers to an island city-state in Southeast Asia.
SJIMKENT (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Shymkent.
SKANDINAVIEN (Region) Swedish, Danish, German
Swedish, Danish, and German form of Scandinavia.
SKÅNE (Political Subdivision) Swedish
Province and county in southern Sweden that was a part of Denmark until 1658. The name is likely derived from Old Norse Skáney (ultimately derived from the Germanic root *Skaðin-awjō) meaning "danger" or "damage"... [more]
SKELLEFTEÅ (Settlement) Swedish
Swedish city located in Västerbotten. The first element of the name is of unknown meaning, but is believed to be of Sami origin. The second element is -eå "river".
SKOTLAND (Country) Afrikaans, Danish, Icelandic
Afrikaans, Danish and Icelandic form of Scotland.
SKOTTLAND (Country) Norwegian, Swedish
Norwegian and Swedish form of Scotland.
SÖDERMANLAND (Political Subdivision) Swedish
Södermanland is a Swedish county and province meaning "land of the southern people". The southern people referred to people living south of Mälaren. The county is slightly smaller than the province due to that the eastern part of the province belongs to Stockholm county.
SOLLEFTEÅ (Settlement) Swedish
Swedish locality located in Ångermanland, Västernorrland County. The first element is possibly derived from sol "sun". The second element is -eå "river". The river Ångermanälven runs through the town.
SÖRMLAND (Political Subdivision) Swedish
Shortened form of Södermanland.
STEIERMARK (Political Subdivision & Region) German, Danish, Finnish, Icelandic, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Swedish
German form of Styria, which some countries have adopted as their name for both the Austrian state and the Austro-Slovenian region.
STILLA HAVET (Body of Water) Swedish
Means "the calm sea" in Swedish, from stilla "still, calm" and havet "the sea". This is the Swedish name for the Pacific Ocean.
STORBRITANNIEN (Region) Swedish, Danish
Swedish and Danish form of Great Britain, also used when referring to United Kingdom.
STORSJÖN (Body of Water) Swedish
Means "the great lake" in Swedish (from stor "big, great, large" and sjön "the lake"). Storsjön is the 5th largest lake in Sweden, but it's also known for being the supposed home of Storsjöodjuret ("The Great-Lake monster"), a lake monster similar to the one in Loch Ness.
SURTSEY (Island) Icelandic
Means "Surtr's island" in Icelandic. Surtsey is an uninhabited island south of Iceland that formed in a volcanic eruption (which lasted several years) in the mid-1960s.
SVALBARD (Political Subdivision) Norwegian, English, Swedish
Originally from Old Norse Svalbarð, composed of svalr "cold" and barð "edge, ridge". Svalbard is a Norwegian archipelago in the Arctic Ocean located right between continental Norway and the North Pole.
SVEALAND (Region) Swedish
Means "land of the Swedes" (see SVEA). The Swedes were a North Germanic tribe inhabiting present-day Sweden. ... [more]
SVEA RIKE (Country) Swedish (Archaic)
Older form of Sverige.
SVÍÞJÓÐ (Country) Icelandic, Ancient Scandinavian
Icelandic and Old Norse form of SVERIGE.
SYDAMERIKA (Region) Swedish, Danish
Swedish and Danish form of South America.
TADZJIKISTAN (Country) Dutch, Swedish
Dutch and Swedish form of Tajikistan.
TALLINN (Settlement) Estonian, English, Danish, Dutch, French, German, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish
Capital of Estonia and previously known as Reval until 1918. The meaning of the name is uncertain, but it is believed to be derived from Estonian Taani-linn(a) meaning "Danish castle" or "Danish town".
TAMMERFORS (Settlement) Swedish
Combination of an unknown first element and Swedish fors "rapid". This is the Swedish name of Tampere.
TASJKENT (Settlement) Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Norwegian, Swedish
Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Norwegian and Swedish form of Tashkent.
TAVASTLAND (Political Subdivision) Swedish, Danish, Dutch
Swedish form of Tavastia, which some countries have adopted as their name for the historical Swedish province that is now part of Finland.
TELEMARK (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From teler the name of an old Germanic tribe and the Old Norse mǫrk meaning "woodland, borderland, or march/mark."... [more]
ÞÝSKALAND (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic cognate of DEUTSCHLAND.
TJECKIEN (Country) Swedish
Swedish cognate of Czechia.
TJEKKIET (Country) Danish
Danish form of Čechy.
TÓRSHAVN (Settlement) Faroese
Means "Thor's harbour" in Faroese. Tórshavn is the capital and largest city of the Faroe Islands.
TRELLEBORG (Settlement) Swedish
Derived from the word trelleborg meaning "ring fort" or "Viking ring fortress", referring to a type of circular forts built during the Viking Age. The word trelleborg itself might be a combination of Old Norse þræll "slave" or trel "wooden staves" and borg "fortress, castle".
TRIPOLITANIEN (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Tripolitania.
TRÓJA (Settlement) Czech, Hungarian, Icelandic, Slovak
Czech, Hungarian, Icelandic and Slovak form of Troy.
TROMS (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
A county in Norway. The name comes from the Norse word trums and could mean "stream" or "streaming water".
TRONDHEIM (Settlement) Norwegian
Third largest city in Norway. It was founded in 997 by Olaf Tryggvason and was first known as Kaupangen "the market place" and later Nidaros. The name Trondheim means "the land where it grows luxuriantly".
TSJEKKIA (Country) Norwegian
Norwegian form of Čechy.
TUNA (Other) Swedish
Derived from Old Norse tún meaning "enclosure, fence, homestead, courtyard, plot". This is the name of many localities and parishes in Sweden. It is also a common place-name element (see Eskilstuna).
ULEÅBORG (Settlement) Swedish
Combination of Ule, the name of a river whose name derives from the Finnish dialectal word oulu "floodwater", Swedish å "river, stream", and borg "castle, fortification"... [more]
UMEÅ (Settlement) Swedish
Possibly derived from Old Norse úma "roaring" and the place name element -eå "river". Another theory is that the name is derived from Finnish uoma "riverbed". Umeå is the largest city in Norrland and the 12th largest city in Sweden... [more]
UPPLAND (Region) Swedish
Uppland is a Swedish historical province. The name is a combination of Swedish upp "up" and land "land". The name is believed to refer to its location north of Lake Mälaren.
VALHALLA (Other) Norse Mythology, English, Danish, Italian, Portuguese
Variant of Norse Valhǫll, composed of Old Norse valr "the slain" and hǫll "hall". This is the name of the afterlife and the home of heroic warriors who died in battle, as well as some of the Æsir gods... [more]
VÄNERN (Body of Water) Swedish
Meaning uncertain. One theory is that the name is derived from Old Swedish vænir and therefore related to Archaic Swedish words vån "hope, prospect" and vän "beautiful, fair"... [more]
VÄRMLAND (Political Subdivision) Swedish
Swedish county and province. The name could be derived from Swedish värma meaning "warmth, to heat up".
VÄSTERÅS (Settlement) Swedish
Derived from Westra Aros meaning "west river mouth". Västerås is the 5th largest city in Sweden.
VÄSTERBOTTEN (Political Subdivision) Swedish
Swedish county (län) and historical province (landskap) in Northern Sweden. The name refers to its geographical location west of the Bothnian Bay and Bothnian sea. The county is the 2nd biggest in Sweden (by area) and more than two times as big as the province... [more]
VÄSTERGÖTLAND (Region) Swedish
Västergötland is a historical province in Sweden meaning "Western Götaland". The largest city is Göteborg. ... [more]
VÄSTMANLAND (Political Subdivision) Swedish
Means "land of the western people". Western people referred to people living west of Uppland. ... [more]
VÄSTRA GÖTALAND (Political Subdivision) Swedish
Västra Götaland is a Swedish county (län). The name means "Western Götaland". ... [more]
VATIKANSTATEN (Country) Norwegian, Swedish
Means "The Vatican state". This is the Norwegian and Swedish form of Vatican City.
VÄTTERN (Body of Water) Swedish
Meaning uncertain, but possibly derived from Swedish vatten "water". Vättern is the second largest lake in Sweden and the sixth largest lake in Europe.
VENEZUELA (Country) English, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Tatar, Turkish
The name of the Country in South America. Venezuela is a country on the northern coast of South America with diverse natural attractions. Along its Caribbean coast are tropical resort islands including Isla de Margarita and the Los Roques archipelago... [more]
VEST-AGDER (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the Norwegian word vest meaning "west" and the place name agder. It means "the western part of Agder."... [more]
VESTFOLD (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the old name of the Olsofjord fold and the Norwegian word vest. The name means, "the region west of the fold."... [more]
VILNIUS (Settlement) Lithuanian, Czech, Danish, English, Estonian, Faroese, French, German, Norwegian, Portuguese, Slovak, Swedish
Capital of Lithuania. Named after the Vilnia River whose name is derived from Lithuanian vilnis "wave".
YEMENS (Country) Danish
The name of the Country in the Middle East. Yemen, officially known as the Republic of Yemen, is an Arab country in Western Asia, occupying South Arabia, the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula. Yemen is the second-largest country in the peninsula, occupying 527,970 km².
YTTERBY (Settlement) Swedish
Means "outer village" in Swedish. ... [more]
ZINKGRUVAN (Settlement) Swedish
Means "the zink mine" in Swedish. Zinkgruvan is both a village and a mine. It is the only locality in Sweden starting with Z.