Scandinavian Submitted Place Names

Scandinavian names are used in the Scandinavia region of northern Europe. For more specific lists, see Swedish names, Danish names and Norwegian names. See also about Scandinavian names.
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Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
ÅNGERMANLAND   (Region)   Swedish
Derived from Old Norse anger "deep fjord". Ångermanland is a historical province in Northern Sweden.
ARENDAL   (Settlement)   Norwegian
Combination of Old Norse ǫrn "eagle" and dalr "valley, dale". Arendal is a town and municipality in Southern Norway.
ARGENTINA   (Country)   English, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Scottish Gaelic, Spanish, Swedish, Swahili, Turkmen, Uzbek
The name of the Country in South America. Argentina is a massive South American nation with terrain encompassing Andes mountains, glacial lakes and Pampas grassland, the traditional grazing ground of its famed beef cattle... [more]
BANGLADESH   (Country)   English, Breton, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Interlingua, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish
Means "land of the Bengalis", from Bengali বাংলা (Bangla) meaning "Bengali" (referring to the Bengali people or Bengali language spoken by the Bengali people), which is ultimately from Vanga, the name of an ancient kingdom on the Indian subcontinent (see Bengal) combined with দেশ (desh) "country, land, state", ultimately from Sanskrit देश (deśá)... [more]
BERGEN   (Settlement)   Dutch, Norwegian, German
Newer form of Bjǫrgvin, a combination of Old Norse bjarg "mountain" and vin "meadow". This is the 2nd largest city in Norway.
BRO   (Settlement)   Swedish
Means "bridge" in Swedish. This is the name of many localities and parishes in Sweden. It's also a common place name element (see Örebro).
BURUNDI   (Country)   English, Afrikaans, Basque, Breton, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Interlingua, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
The name of the Country in East Africa. Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi, is a landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region of East Africa, bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.
DANMÖRK   (Country)   Icelandic
Icelandic form of DANMARK.
ESKILSTUNA   (Settlement)   Swedish
Combination of the Swedish name Eskil and Swedish tun (from Old Norse tún) meaning "enclosure, fence, homestead, courtyard, plot". The town was originally called just Tuna but was renamed Eskilstuna after Saint Eskil who was stoned to death in 1080... [more]
EVRÓPA   (Region)   Icelandic
Icelandic form of Europe.
FÆREYJAR   (Country)   Icelandic
Icelandic cognate of FØROYAR.
FÆRØERNE   (Country)   Danish
Danish cognate of FØROYAR.
FÄRÖARNA   (Country)   Swedish
Swedish cognate of FØROYAR.
FØROYAR   (Country)   Faroese
Probably derived from Old Norse fær "sheep" and oyer, an archaic Faroese word meaning "islands".
GÖTALAND   (Region)   Swedish
Means "land of the Geats". The Geats (sometimes referred to as Goths) were a North Germanic tribe inhabiting southern Sweden. Götaland is one of three lands of Sweden, the others being Svealand and Norrland.
GÖTEBORG   (Settlement)   Swedish
Combination of Swedish Göte "Geat" and borg "castle, fortress". The Geats (sometimes referred to as Goths) were a North Germanic tribe inhabiting present-day Götaland in Sweden.
GRÖNLAND   (Country)   Swedish, German, Hungarian, Turkish
Cognate of Grœnland.
GRØNLAND   (Country)   Danish, Norwegian, Faroese
Cognate of Grœnland.
HÄLSINGLAND   (Region)   Swedish
Hälsingland is a province in central Sweden meaning "land of the Hälsings". Hälsing is believed to be a combination of Swedish hals "throat, neck" and inge "dweller". The hals-part is probably not referring to the anatomical part, but rather to a narrow strait of water.
HELSINGBORG   (Settlement)   Swedish
Helsingborg is a city in Scania, Sweden. The name is a combination of hals "neck, narrow strait" and borg "castle, fortification". There has been a permanent settlement around Helsingborg since 1085, making it one of Sweden's oldest cities.
HELSINGFORS   (Settlement)   Swedish
Swedish form of Helsinki, meaning "the Helsinge rapids".
HELSINGØR   (Settlement)   Danish, Norwegian
Danish city founded in the 1420s. The name is derived from the word hals meaning "neck, narrow strait". William Shakespeare's 'Hamlet' is set in Elsinore (Kronborg), a castle in Helsingør.
HJÄLMAREN   (Body of Water)   Swedish
Derived from Old Swedish *iælmber "noise, rumble".
ÍSAFJÖRÐUR   (Settlement)   Icelandic
Means "ice fjord" or "fjord of ice" in Icelandic. Ísafjörður is a town in Iceland.
ÍSLAND   (Country)   Icelandic, Faroese, Ancient Scandinavian
Derived from Old Norse íss "ice" and land "land, country".
JÓRVÍK   (Settlement)   Ancient Scandinavian, Icelandic
Icelandic and Old Norse form of York. It is believed to be derived from Old English Eoforwic, itself believed to be derived from Latin Eboracum possibly meaning "place of the yew trees".
KARLSHAMN   (Settlement)   Swedish
Means "Karl's port" in Swedish. It was named after Swedish king Karl X Gustav. ... [more]
KARLSKRONA   (Settlement)   Swedish
Means "Karl's crown" in Swedish. It was named after Swedish king Karl XI. ... [more]
KARLSTAD   (Settlement)   Swedish
Means "Karl's town" in Swedish. It was named after the Swedish king Karl IX who founded the town in 1584. ... [more]
KATRINEHOLM   (Settlement)   Swedish
Swedish city located in Södermanland. It was originally the name of a ducal residence located in the area. The residence was named after the owner's wife Catharina.
KINA   (Country)   Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Croatian
Scandinavian and Croatian form of CHINA.
KØBENHAVN   (Settlement)   Danish
Newer form of Køpmannæhafn, meaning "merchants' harbour".
KRISTIANSTAD   (Settlement)   Swedish
Swedish city founded in 1614, named after the Danish king Kristian IV. The city is located in Skåne which belonged to Denmark until 1658.
KRISTINEHAMN   (Settlement)   Swedish
Named after Swedish queen Kristina (1626-1689). The town was previously named Bro. ... [more]
KROATIEN   (Country)   Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German, and Swedish form of Croatia.
LATVIA   (Country)   English, Finnish, Norwegian
Cognate of Latvija.
LETTLAND   (Country)   Faroese, German, Icelandic, Swedish
Cognate of Latvia.
LULEÅ   (Settlement)   Swedish
City in Northern Sweden named after Lule älv. Luleå is located in the province/county Norrbotten.
LULE ÄLV   (River)   Swedish
Combination of Lule Sami lulij "the people living in the east" (referring to forest Sami people), and Swedish älv "river".
MADRID   (Settlement)   Spanish, Croatian, English, Catalan, Czech, Danish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Portuguese, Swedish, Tatar, Turkish
Newer form of Magerit. The etymology is uncertain, but it could be derived from Arabic المجريط (al-Magrīt) "source of water". This is the name of the capital of Spain.
MÄLAREN   (Body of Water)   Swedish
Derived from Old Norse mælir meaning "gravel".
MALMÖ   (Settlement)   Swedish
Newer form of Malmhaug meaning "gravel pile" or "ore hill". Malmö is the capital and largest city of the Swedish county of Scania. Malmö is the third largest city in Sweden, after Stockholm and Gothenburg, and the 6th biggest city in Scandinavia, with a population of above 300,000.
MALTA   (Country)   English, Basque, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, Galician, German, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Turkmen, West Frisian
Malta, officially known as the Republic of Malta, is a Southern European island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea.... [more]
MARIEFRED   (Settlement)   Swedish
Swedish town named after a charterhouse called Pax Mariae "Maria's peace". A combination of the name Maria and Swedish fred "peace" (pax means "peace, harmony" in Latin).
MARIESTAD   (Settlement)   Swedish
Means "Maria's town". It was founded in 1583 by Charles IX of Sweden and was named after his wife Maria of the Palatinate.... [more]
NÄRKE   (Region)   Swedish
Närke is Swedish historical province. The name is believed to be derived from the word när meaning "ridge, hill" (not to be confused with the word nära "close, near").
NEDERLÄNDERNA   (Country)   Swedish
Swedish form of Netherlands.
NIDAROS   (Settlement)   Norwegian (Archaic)
Former name of Trondheim. The name is derived from Nidelva.
NIDELVA   (River)   Norwegian
The name of a river that runs through Trondheim, and the name of a river in southern Norway. The name is a combination of the words elv "river" and nid (of unknown meaning).
NOREG   (Country)   Norwegian (Nynorsk), Faroese
Nynorsk and Faroese form of NORGE.
NORGE   (Country)   Norwegian (Bokmål), Swedish, Danish
Derived from Old Norse norð "north" and vegr "way, road". This is the Scandinavian form of NORWAY.
NORRLAND   (Region)   Swedish
Literally means "Northland" in Swedish. Norrland is one of three lands of Sweden, the others being Götaland and Svealand.
ÖREBRO   (Settlement)   Swedish
Combination of Swedish ör, an archaic word meaning "gravel", and bro "bridge. ... [more]
OSLO   (Settlement)   Norwegian
Meaning uncertain. It was originally the name of a farm in Bjørvika, a neighborhood in present-day Oslo.
ÖSTERGÖTLAND   (Region)   Swedish
A county (län) and historical province in Sweden. Östergötland means "Eastern Götaland". ... [more]
PANAMA   (Country)   English, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, Finnish, German, Irish, Italian, Latin, Norwegian, Polish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
The name of the Country in Central America. Panama is a country on the isthmus linking Central and South America. The Panama Canal, a famous feat of human engineering, cuts through its center, linking the Atlantic and Pacific oceans to create an essential shipping route... [more]
PERU   (Country)   English, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, Finnish, German, Latvian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Swedish, Turkmen, Uzbek
Peru, officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.... [more]
POLEN   (Country)   Danish, Dutch, German, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Sami, Swedish
Cognate of Poland.
PUNJAB   (Political Subdivision & Region)   English, German, Malay, Italian, Norwegian, Welsh, Swahili, Dutch, Scots
From Punjabi پنجاب (Paṉjāb) or ਪੰਜਾਬ (Pañjāb) both meaning "land of five waters"; ultimately from Persian پنج (panj) "five" combined with آب (âb) "water"... [more]
REYKJAVÍK   (Settlement)   Icelandic
Means "bay of smokes", from Old Norse reykir, plural of reykr “smoke” and vík "bay". Steam from hot springs in the region is said to have inspired Reykjavík's name.
SKÅNE   (Political Subdivision)   Swedish
Province and county in southern Sweden that was a part of Denmark until 1658. The name is likely derived from Old Norse Skáney (ultimately derived from the Germanic root *Skaðin-awjō) meaning "danger" or "damage"... [more]
SKELLEFTEÅ   (Settlement)   Swedish
Swedish city located in Västerbotten. The first element of the name is of unknown meaning, but is believed to be of Sami origin. The second element is -eå "river".
SLOVAKIEN   (Country)   Swedish
Swedish form of Slovakia.
SÖDERMANLAND   (Political Subdivision)   Swedish
Södermanland is a Swedish county and province meaning "land of the southern people". The southern people referred to people living south of Mälaren. The county is slightly smaller than the province due to that the eastern part of the province belongs to Stockholm county.
SOLLEFTEÅ   (Settlement)   Swedish
Swedish locality located in Ångermanland, Västernorrland County. The first element is possibly derived from sol "sun". The second element is -eå "river". The river Ångermanälven runs through the town.
SÖRMLAND   (Political Subdivision)   Swedish
Shortened form of Södermanland.
STOCKHOLM   (Settlement)   Swedish
Swedish stock "log" or Old German stock "fortification" combined with holm "islet". The islet probably referred to Helgeandsholmen in central Stockholm. The earliest written mention of the name dates back to 1252.
STORBRITANNIEN   (Region)   Swedish, Danish
Swedish and Danish form of Great Britain, also used when referring to United Kingdom.
SVEALAND   (Region)   Swedish
Means "land of the Swedes" (see SVEA). The Swedes were a North Germanic tribe inhabiting present-day Sweden. ... [more]
SVEA RIKE   (Country)   Swedish (Archaic)
Older form of Sverige.
SVÍÞJÓÐ   (Country)   Icelandic, Ancient Scandinavian
Icelandic and Old Norse form of SVERIGE.
TALLINN   (Settlement)   Estonian, English, Danish, Dutch, French, German, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish
Capital of Estonia and previously known as Reval until 1918. The meaning of the name is uncertain, but it is believed to be derived from Estonian Taani-linn(a) meaning "Danish castle" or "Danish town".
ÞÝSKALAND   (Country)   Icelandic
Icelandic cognate of DEUTSCHLAND.
TJECKIEN   (Country)   Swedish
Swedish cognate of Czechia.
TRONDHEIM   (Settlement)   Norwegian
Third largest city in Norway. It was founded in 997 by Olaf Tryggvason and was first known as Kaupangen "the market place" and later Nidaros. The name Trondheim means "the land where it grows luxuriantly".
TUNA   (Other)   Swedish
Derived from Old Norse tún meaning "enclosure, fence, homestead, courtyard, plot". This is the name of many localities and parishes in Sweden. It is also a common place-name element (see Eskilstuna).
UMEÅ   (Settlement)   Swedish
Possibly derived from Old Norse úma "roaring" and the place name element -eå "river". Another theory is that the name is derived from Finnish uoma "riverbed". Umeå is the largest city in Norrland and the 12th largest city in Sweden... [more]
UPPLAND   (Region)   Swedish
Uppland is a Swedish historical province. The name is a combination of Swedish upp "up" and land "land". The name is believed to refer to its location north of Lake Mälaren.
UZBEKISTAN   (Country)   English, Russian, Croatian, Slovene, Slovak, Swedish, Swahili, Indonesian, Serbian, Malay
The first element, Uzbek, is of uncertain etymology. One theory suggests that the name is a combination of Turkic uz meaning "genuine" and the Turkish military title beg meaning "chieftain, master", ultimately from Sogdian bek... [more]
VÄRMLAND   (Political Subdivision)   Swedish
Swedish county and province. The name could be derived from Swedish värma meaning "warmth, to heat up".
VÄSTERÅS   (Settlement)   Swedish
Derived from Westra Aros meaning "west river mouth". Västerås is the 5th largest city in Sweden.
VÄSTERBOTTEN   (Political Subdivision)   Swedish
Swedish county (län) and historical province (landskap) in Northern Sweden. The name refers to its geographical location west of the Bothnian Bay and Bothnian sea. The county is the 2nd biggest in Sweden (by area) and more than two times as big as the province... [more]
VÄSTERGÖTLAND   (Region)   Swedish
Västergötland is a historical province in Sweden meaning "Western Götaland". The largest city is Göteborg. ... [more]
VÄSTMANLAND   (Political Subdivision)   Swedish
Means "land of the western people". Western people referred to people living west of Uppland. ... [more]
VÄSTRA GÖTALAND   (Political Subdivision)   Swedish
Västra Götaland is a Swedish county (län). The name means "Western Götaland". ... [more]
VATIKANSTATEN   (Country)   Norwegian, Swedish
Means "Vatican state". This is the Norwegian and Swedish form of Vatican City.
VENEZUELA   (Country)   English, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Tatar, Turkish
The name of the Country in South America. Venezuela is a country on the northern coast of South America with diverse natural attractions. Along its Caribbean coast are tropical resort islands including Isla de Margarita and the Los Roques archipelago... [more]
VILNIUS   (Settlement)   Lithuanian, Czech, Danish, English, Estonian, Faroese, French, German, Norwegian, Portuguese, Slovak, Swedish
Capital of Lithuania. Named after the Vilnia River whose name is derived from Lithuanian vilnis "wave".
VITRYSSLAND   (Country)   Swedish
Combination of Swedish vit "white" and Ryssland "Russia" (compare BELARUS).
YEMENS   (Country)   Danish
The name of the Country in the Middle East. Yemen, officially known as the Republic of Yemen, is an Arab country in Western Asia, occupying South Arabia, the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula. Yemen is the second-largest country in the peninsula, occupying 527,970 km².
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