Ancient Near Eastern Place Names

These names were used in the ancient Near East. That is, by the Sumerians, Akkadians, Babylonians, Canaanites, Phoenicians and others. Listed separately are Ancient Egyptian names and Ancient Persian names.
Ararat אֲרָרָט (Mountain) Armenian, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew, Ancient Near Eastern
From the name of the ancient kingdom of Urartu. This is the name of a mountain in Turkey (formerly part of Armenia), the place where Noah's Ark came to rest according to the Old Testament.
Ashur (Settlement & Region) English, Arabic, Persian, Akkadian
From Akkadian 𒀸𒋩 (Assur), meaning unknown. This was the capital city of the Assyrian Empire, supposedly named for the god Ashur, though the god was in fact probably named for the city. The empire, Assyria, was also named for it. The city was destroyed in the 14th century by the forces of Tamerlane.... [more]
Ashurayu (Region) Akkadian
Akkadian form of Assyria.
Babili (Settlement) Akkadian
Akkadian form of Babylon.
Dammeseq דַּמֶּשֶׂק (Settlement) Ancient Aramaic, Biblical Hebrew, Hebrew
Aramaic and Hebrew form of Damascus.
Esharra (Other) Ancient Assyrian
From Sumerian 𒂍 (e) meaning "temple, house" and 𒊹 (shar) meaning "totality, world". This was the name of the main temple dedicated to the god Ashur in the city of Ashur.
Misri (Country) Akkadian
Akkadian cognate of Misr, referring to ancient Egypt.
Natzrat נָצְרַת (Settlement) Ancient Hebrew, Hebrew
Hebrew form of Nazareth.
Ninua (Settlement) Akkadian
Akkadian form of Nineveh.
Uruk (Settlement) Akkadian, English
From Sumerian 𒌷 (uru) meaning "city". This was the name of a city-state of ancient Sumer (later Akkad and Babylonia). It was inhabited until the time of the Islamic conquest of the area.
Yerushalayim יְרוּשָׁלַיִם (Settlement) Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew, Ancient Hebrew
Hebrew form of Jerusalem.