River Place Names

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AMSTEL (River) Dutch
Means "water place" in Dutch. This is the name of a river in the Netherlands, which lent its name to Amsterdam.
COLUMBIA (Region, Settlement, Political Subdivision & River) English, Italian, Spanish
Named after the explorer Christopher Columbus, called Cristoforo Colombo in Italian (see the surname COLOMBO). This is the name of several cities in the Americas (including the District of Columbia, also called Washington D.C.), and a river in Canada and the United States. It is also a name used historically to refer to the New World.
CONGO (River & Country) English, French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Danish
From Kongo, of uncertain origin, the name of a kingdom in central Africa that existed from the 14th to 19th century. The Congo River (also called the Zaire River) was named after the kingdom. Belgian and French colonies were established in the 19th century, named after the river, which eventually led to two African countries, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire) and the Republic of the Congo.
DANUBE (River) English
From Latin Danubius, from Indo-European Danu, probably meaning "river, water". This is the name of a river which flows east through Europe to the Black Sea.
DANUBIUS (River) Ancient Roman
Latin form of DANUBE.
DEBEN (River) English
Means "deep" in Old English. This is the name of a river in Suffolk.
DEE (River) Scottish
Possibly from a Celtic root meaning "divine". This is the name of a river in Scotland.
DONAU (River) German
German form of DANUBE.
DUNA (River) Hungarian
Hungarian form of DANUBE.
DUNAJ (River) Polish, Czech, Slovak
Polish, Czech and Slovak form of DANUBE.
EUPHRATES (River) English, Greek, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
From Greek Ευφρατης (Euphrates), the name of a river in Mesopotamia. It is derived from Old Persian Ufratu, itself from Elamite or Sumerian, of unknown meaning.
FIRAT (River) Turkish
Turkish form of EUPHRATES.
GIORDANO (River) Italian
Italian form of JORDAN (the river).
GLYME (River) English
Means "bright stream" in Brythonic. This is the name of a river in Oxfordshire, England.
INDOS (River) Ancient Greek
Greek form of INDUS.
INDUS (River) English, Ancient Roman
From Persian Hindu, which was from Sanskrit सिन्धु (Sindhu) meaning "body of trembling water, river". This is the name of a river in Pakistan and India.
IORDAN (River) Russian
Russian form of JORDAN (the river).
IORDANES (River) Biblical Greek, Biblical Latin
Greek and Latin form of JORDAN.
IRVINE (River & Settlement) Scottish
Derived from Old Celtic meaning "green water". This is a river and city in North Ayrshire, Scotland.
JORDAAN (River) Dutch
Dutch form of JORDAN (the river).
JORDAN (River & Country) English, Danish, Norwegian, Croatian, Serbian, German, Swedish, Finnish, Polish, Biblical
River which flows between the countries of Jordan and Israel. The river's name in Hebrew is יַרְדֵן (Yarden), and it is derived from יָרַד (yarad) meaning "descend" or "flow down". The river has lent its name to the country to the east (in German, Swedish, Finnish and Polish this is only the name of the river, with the name of the country taking a different form).
JOURDAIN (River) French
French form of JORDAN (the river).
KENT (Political Subdivision & River) English
Possibly from a Brythonic element meaning "border, edge, coast". This is the name of a historic kingdom and modern county in southeastern England, called Cent in Old English, Cantium in Latin. It is also the name of a river in Cumbria, northwestern England.
NEILOS (River) Ancient Greek
Greek form of NILE.
NÍGER (River & Country) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of NIGER.
NIGER (River & Country) English, French, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Croatian, Serbian, Late Roman
Meaning unknown, possibly of Berber origin, though influenced by Latin niger "black". This is the name of a river in western Africa (and a country which is named after it).
NİL (River) Turkish
Turkish form of NILE.
NIL (River) Arabic, French, German, Catalan, Russian
Arabic, French, German, Catalan and Russian form of NILE. In Arabic it is properly written with the definite article: النيل (al-Nil).
NILE (River) English
From Latin Nilus, which was from Greek Νειλος (Neilos), possibly of Semitic origin meaning "river". This is the name of a long river in Africa.
NILO (River) Spanish, Portuguese, Italian
Spanish, Portuguese and Italian form of Nilus (see NILE).
NILUS (River) Ancient Roman
Latin form of NILE.
ROE (River) Irish
Possibly from Irish rua meaning "red". This is the name of a river in Ireland.
RUDAWA (River) Polish
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a river in Poland, near Krakow.
SAMARA (Settlement & River) Russian, English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, French, German
Meaning unknown, possibly of Kyrgyz origin. This is the name of a city in Russia, founded in the 16th century, as well as the river on which it is situated.
SHANNON (River) Irish
Probably from Old Irish sen meaning "old, ancient". This is the name of a river in Ireland. It is personified by the goddess Sionann.
SHENANDOAH (River) English, Native American, Iroquois
Meaning uncertain, possibly of Iroquois origin. This is the name of a river in the eastern United States.
SINDHU (River) Sanskrit
Sanskrit form of INDUS.
SIONAINN (River) Irish
Irish form of SHANNON.
ŚLĘZA (River) Polish
Variant of ŚLĘŻA. This is the name of a river in Silesia, Poland.
SOUSA (River) Portuguese
Possibly derived from Latin salsus "salty" or saxa "rocks", but likely of pre-Latin origin. This is the name of a river in Portugal.
TRENT (1) (River) English
River in England, possibly from the Celtic elements tri "across" and sant "travel", a reference to its frequent floodings.
UFRATU (River) Ancient Persian
Old Persian form of EUPHRATES.
URAL (Region & River) Russian, English, German, Turkish, Bashkir
Meaning unknown, possibly from Turkic aral meaning "island, boundary". This is the name of a mountain range and a river in western Russia.
URDANN (River & Country) Arabic
Arabic form of JORDAN, usually written with the definite article: الأردنّ (al-Urdann).
WYLYE (River) English
Possibly from a Celtic word meaning "tricky". This is the name of a river in southern England.
YAMUNA (River) Indian, Hindi, Tamil, Telugu, Sanskrit
Name of an Indian river, which is possibly derived from the name of the goddess YAMI.
YARDEN (River) Biblical Hebrew, Hebrew
Hebrew form of JORDAN.
ZAIRE (River & Country) Portuguese, English
Older name of the Congo River, said to be derived via Portuguese from Kikongo nzadi o nzere meaning "river swallowing rivers". This was also the former name of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
ZAIRË (River & Country) French
French form of ZAIRE.