Country Place Names

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AITHIOPIA (Country) Ancient Greek
Greek form of ETHIOPIA.
ALANKOMAAT (Country) Finnish
From Finnish alanko "lowland" and maat "lands". This is the Finnish name for the Netherlands (for which it is also a translation).
ALBANIA (Region & Country) Late Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
Medieval Latin name for the region which was once occupied by the Illyrian tribe called Albanoi. This is the name of a country in the Balkans.
ALBANIE (Country) French
French form of ALBANIA.
ALEMANHA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of ALEMANNIA, used as the Portuguese name of Germany.
ALEMANIA (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of ALEMANNIA, used as the Spanish name of Germany.
ALGERIA (Country) English, Italian, Romanian
The name of a country in North Africa, named after its capital city ALGIERS.
ALGÉRIE (Country) French
French form of ALGERIA.
ALGERIEN (Country) German
German form of ALGERIA.
ALLEMAGNE (Country) French
French form of ALEMANNIA, used as the French name of Germany.
AMERICA (Region & Country) English, Italian, Romanian, Late Roman
From the name of the explorer AMERIGO Vespucci (1451-1512). This is the name of two continents (North and South America). As well, it is commonly used to refer to the United States of America.
AMERİKA (Region & Country) Turkish
Turkish form of AMERICA.
AMERIKA (Region & Country) German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Russian, Croatian, Serbian, Hungarian
Form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents and sometimes to the United States of America.
AMÉRIQUE (Region & Country) French
French form of AMERICA.
AMERYKA (Region & Country) Polish
Polish form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents and the United States of America.
ANGLAE TERRA (Country) Late Roman
Late Latin form of ENGLAND (a translation, meaning "land of the Angles").
ANGLETERRE (Country) French
French form of ANGLAE TERRA, used as the French name of England.
ANGLIA (Country & Region) Late Roman, Polish, Hungarian, Romanian
Late Latin form of ENGLAND (and also of ANGEL).
ANGLIYA (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of ENGLAND.
ANGOLA (Country) Portuguese, English, Spanish, French, Italian, German, Dutch
Portuguese form of Ngola, the royal title of the kings of Ndongo, an African kingdom which was conquered by the Portuguese in the 17th-century. It was a Portuguese colony until 1975, when it became an independent country.
ARGELIA (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of ALGERIA.
ARGENTINA (Country) Spanish, English, Portuguese, Italian, Russian, Czech, Croatian, Serbian, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
From Latin argentinus meaning "silvery", a derivative of argentum meaning "silver". This is the name of a country in South America, arising from a Latinized form of Spanish Río de la Plata meaning "river of silver".
ARGENTINE (Country) French
French form of ARGENTINA.
ARGENTINIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of ARGENTINA.
ARGENTINIEN (Country) German
German form of ARGENTINA.
ARGENTYNA (Country) Polish
Polish form of ARGENTINA.
ARMENIA (Country) English, Spanish, Italian, Romanian, Greek, Norwegian, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek, Ancient Persian
From Greek Αρμενια (Armenia), which was from Old Persian Armina, which is itself probably of Armenia origin. This is the name of a country in the Caucasus region, called Hayastan in Armenian.
ARMÉNIE (Country) French
French form of ARMENIA.
ARMENIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of ARMENIA.
ARMENIEN (Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of ARMENIA.
ARMENIYA (Country) Russian
Russian form of ARMENIA.
ÄTHIOPIEN (Country) German
German form of ETHIOPIA.
AUSTRÁLIA (Region & Country) Portuguese, Slovak
Portuguese and Slovak form of AUSTRALIA.
AUSTRALIA (Region & Country) English, Italian, Spanish, Norwegian, Finnish, Polish
Derived from Latin australis meaning "southern". It was formally adopted as the name of the continent (and later country) by the British administrators of the region in 1824.
AUSTRÁLIE (Region & Country) Czech
Czech form of AUSTRALIA.
AUSTRALIE (Region & Country) French
French form of AUSTRALIA.
AUSTRALIË (Region & Country) Dutch
Dutch form of AUSTRALIA.
AUSTRALIEN (Region & Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of AUSTRALIA.
BALGARIYA (Country) Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of BULGARIA.
BÉLARUS (Country) French
French form of BELARUS.
BELARÚS (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of BELARUS.
BELARUS (Country) Belarusian, Russian, English, Portuguese
Means "white Russia", from the Slavic root белъ (belu) meaning "white" and RUS. This is the name of a country in eastern Europe. Many languages use a translation of "white Russia" to refer to the country, for example German Weißrussland and Swedish Vitryssland.
BELARUS' (Country) Belarusian
Alternate transcription of Belarusian Беларусь (see BELARUS).
BELGIA (Country) Finnish, Romanian, Norwegian, Polish
Finnish, Romanian, Norwegian and Polish form of BELGIUM.
BÉLGICA (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of BELGIUM.
BELGICKO (Country) Slovak
Slovak form of BELGIUM.
BELGIE (Country) Czech
Czech form of BELGIUM.
BELGIÉ (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of BELGIUM.
BELGIEN (Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of BELGIUM.
BELGIO (Country) Italian
Italian form of BELGIUM.
BELGIQUE (Country) French
French form of BELGIUM.
BELGIUM (Country) English
From Latin BELGICA, a province in the Roman Empire. Since 1830 this is the name of a country in western Europe. Dutch and French are the main spoken languages.
BELGIYA (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of BELGIUM.
BELORUSIJA (Country) Serbian, Croatian
Serbian and Croatian form of BELARUS.
BELORUSSIYA (Country) Russian
Russian variant of BELARUS.
BHARAT (Country) Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Gujarati, Assamese
From the name of the mythological king BHARATA. This is the endonym for India in many of the languages of northern India.
BHARATA (Country) Sanskrit
Sanskrit form of BHARAT.
BHAROT (Country) Bengali
Alternate transcription of Bengali ভারত (see BHARAT).
BIAŁORUŚ (Country) Polish
Polish form of BELARUS.
BIELORRÚSSIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese variant of BELARUS.
BIELORUSSIA (Country) Italian
Italian form of BELARUS.
BILORUS (Country) Ukrainian
Ukrainian form of BELARUS.
BOLGARIYA (Country) Russian
Russian form of BULGARIA.
BOLÍVIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of BOLIVIA.
BOLIVIA (Country) Spanish, English, Italian
From the surname BOLÍVAR, in honour of the revolutionary Simón Bolívar. This is the name of a country in South America.
BOLIVIE (Country) French
French form of BOLIVIA.
BOLIVIEN (Country) German
German form of BOLIVIA.
BRASIL (Country) Portuguese, Spanish, Norwegian
Portuguese, Spanish and Norwegian form of BRAZIL.
BRASILE (Country) Italian
Italian form of BRAZIL.
BRASILIEN (Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of BRAZIL.
BRAZIL (Country) English, Croatian, Serbian
From the name of a type of tree, called pau-brasil in Portuguese (brazilwood in English). It may ultimately derive from Portuguese brasa meaning "ember". This is the name of a country in South America.
BRAZILIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of BRAZIL.
BRAZILIYA (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of BRAZIL.
BRÉSIL (Country) French
French form of BRAZIL.
BULGARIA (Country) Late Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
From the name of the Turkic tribe of the Bulgars, possibly from a Turkic root meaning "mixed". This is the name of a country in southeastern Europe.
BULGARIE (Country) French
French form of BULGARIA.
BULGARIEN (Country) German
German form of BULGARIA.
ČAD (Body of Water & Country) Czech, Slovak, Serbian, Croatian, Slovene
Czech, Slovak, Serbian, Croatian and Slovene form of CHAD.
CANADA (Country) English, French, Italian, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian
Derived from the Iroquoian word kanata meaning "village". This word was used by Native Americans to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to Stadacona. Cartier used the word to refer to the region.
CANADÁ (Country) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of CANADA.
CATHAY (Country) English
From Old Turkic Khitai, the name of a people who ruled northern China as the Liao dynasty from the 10th to 12th century, also called the Khitan people. This is an archaic English synonym for China.
CECHIA (Country) Italian
Italian form of ČECHY, used as a name for the Czech Republic.
ČESKO (Country) Czech, Slovak
From the name of the Slavic tribe of the Czechs (see ČECHY). This is the Czech name for the Czech Republic.
ČESKOSLOVENSKO (Country) Czech, Slovak
Czech and Slovak form of CZECHOSLOVAKIA.
CHAD (Body of Water & Country) English, Spanish
From Arabic تشاد (Tshad), derived from a Kanuri word meaning "lake, large expanse of water". This is the name of a lake in central Africa, as well as the country that is named after it. The lake also borders Niger, Nigeria and Cameroon.
CHADE (Body of Water & Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of CHAD.
CHAOXIAN (Country) Chinese
Chinese form of JOSEON, used in mainland China to refer to Korea.
CHIN (Country) Indian, Hindi, Persian
Hindi and Persian form of CHINA.
CHINA (Country) English, German, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Sanskrit
From Persian چین (Chin), probably derived via Sanskrit चीन (China) from Qin, the name of a dynasty that ruled in China in the 3rd century BC. In China the name Zhongguo is used to refer to the country.
CHINE (Country) French
French form of CHINA.
CHINY (Country) Polish
Polish form of CHINA.
CHOSUN (Region & Country) Korean
Alternate transcription of Korean Hangul 조선 (see JOSEON).
CHUUGOKU (Country & Region) Japanese
Japanese form of ZHONGGUO, used to refer to China. It is also the name of a region in western Japan.
CIAD (Body of Water & Country) Italian
Italian form of CHAD.
ÇİN (Country) Turkish
Turkish form of CHINA.
ČÍNA (Country) Czech, Slovak
Czech and Slovak form of CHINA.
CINA (Country) Italian
Italian form of CHINA.
COLOMBIA (Country) Spanish, English, Italian
Variant of COLUMBIA, used as the name of a country in South America.
COLOMBIE (Country & Political Subdivision) French
French form of COLOMBIA and sometimes of COLUMBIA (for example Colombie-Britannique for British Columbia).
CONGO (River & Country) English, French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Danish
From Kongo, of uncertain origin, the name of a kingdom in central Africa that existed from the 14th to 19th century. The Congo River (also called the Zaire River) was named after the kingdom. Belgian and French colonies were established in the 19th century, named after the river, which eventually led to two African countries, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire) and the Republic of the Congo.
COREA (Country) Italian, Spanish, Late Roman
Italian and Spanish form of KOREA, as well as the Latin form.
CORÉE (Country) French
French form of KOREA.
CROACIA (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of CROATIA.
CROATIA (Country) English, Late Roman
From Croatian Hrvatska, from medieval Slavic Khorvatu, of unknown meaning. This is the name of a country in the Balkan region of southeastern Europe.
CROATIE (Country) French
French form of CROATIA.
CROAZIA (Country) Italian
Italian form of CROATIA.
CSEHORSZÁG (Country) Hungarian
Hungarian form of ČECHY, used to refer both to the region of Bohemia and the larger Czech Republic.
CZAD (Body of Water & Country) Polish
Polish form of CHAD.
CZECHIA (Country) English
English form of ČECHY (via Polish Czechy), used as an alternative name for the Czech Republic (and not as a name for Bohemia).
CZECHOSLOVAKIA (Country) English
Combination of CZECHIA and SLOVAKIA. This was the name of a country that existed between 1918 and 1993, at which time it split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
CZECHY (Region & Country) Polish
Polish form of ČECHY, used to refer both to the region of Bohemia and the larger Czech Republic.
DAEHAN (Country) Korean
From Sino-Korean (dae) meaning "big, great" and (han) meaning "Korea". This is the official Korean name for South Korea.
DÄITSCHLAND (Country) Luxembourgish
Luxembourgish form of DEUTSCHLAND.
DÄNEMARK (Country) German
German form of DENMARK.
DANEMARK (Country) French
French form of DENMARK.
DANIMARCA (Country) Italian
Italian form of DENMARK.
DANMARK (Country) Danish
Danish form of DENMARK.
DENMARK (Country) English
From Danish Danmark, derived from the ethnic name Dane, which is possibly from Germanic den meaning "low ground", combined with mark meaning "borderland". This is the name of a country in northern Europe.
DEUTSCHLAND (Country) German
Derived from the German deutsch meaning "German" (ultimately from Germanic þeudo "people") and Land. This is the German endonym for Germany.
DINAMARCA (Country) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of DENMARK.
DUITSLAND (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of DEUTSCHLAND.
ÉIRE (Country & Island) Irish
Possibly means "abundant land" in Old Irish. This is the Irish name of the country and island of Ireland. According to legend the island was named for the goddess ÉRIU, though in fact it was she who was named for the island.
ELLADA (Country) Greek
Modern Greek form of Ancient Greek ‘Ελλαδα (Hellada), derived from ‘Ελλην (Hellen) "Greek", which is of uncertain origin. This is the Greek endonym for Greece.
ENGELAND (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of ENGLAND.
ENGLALAND (Country) Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of ENGLAND.
ENGLAND (Country) English, German, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian
From Old English Englaland meaning "land of the Angles", the Angles being one of the Germanic tribes that settled in the area in the post-Roman period.
ERAGH (Country) Persian
Persian form of IRAQ.
ERAN (Country) Ancient Persian
Middle Persian form of IRAN.
ÉRIU (Country & Island) Ancient Irish
Old Irish form of ÉIRE.
ESLOVAQUIA (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of SLOVAKIA.
ESPAGNE (Country) French
French form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
ESPAINIA (Country) Basque
Basque form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
ESPAÑA (Country) Spanish, Galician
Spanish and Galician form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
ESPANJA (Country) Finnish
Finnish form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
ESPANYA (Country) Catalan
Catalan form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
ETHIOPIA (Country) English
From Greek Αιθιοπια (Aithiopia), derived from αιθω (aitho) meaning "to burn" and ωψ (ops) meaning "face", referring to the skin colour of the inhabitants. This is the name of a country in eastern Africa.
ETHIOPIÉ (Country) French
French form of Αιθιοπια (Aithiopia) (see ETHIOPIA).
ETIÓPIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Αιθιοπια (Aithiopia) (see ETHIOPIA).
ETIOPIA (Country) Italian, Polish
Italian and Polish form of Αιθιοπια (Aithiopia) (see ETHIOPIA).
ETIOPIJA (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Slovene
Serbian, Croatian and Slovene form of Αιθιοπια (Aithiopia) (see ETHIOPIA).
FARANSA (Country) Arabic
Arabic form of FRANCE.
FARIS (Country) Arabic
Arabic form of PERSIA.
FINLAND (Country) English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch
From Old Norse Finnr, which referred to the Finn and Sami peoples, combined with land. This is the name of a country in northern Europe, called Suomi in Finnish.
FINLANDE (Country) French
French form of FINLAND.
FINLANDIA (Country) Spanish, Italian
Spanish and Italian form of FINLAND.
FINNLAND (Country) Ancient Scandinavian, German
Old Norse and German form of FINLAND.
FRANÇA (Country) Portuguese, Catalan
Portuguese and Catalan form of FRANCE.
FRANCE (Country) French, English
From Latin Francia meaning "land of the Franks". The Franks were the Germanic tribe who settled in the region in the 3rd century. They derived their tribal name from the name of a type of spear that they used.
FRANCIA (Country) Late Roman, Italian, Spanish
Latin form of FRANCE.
FRANCIE (Country) Czech
Czech form of FRANCE.
FRANCJA (Country) Polish
Polish form of FRANCE.
FRANCUSKA (Country) Croatian, Serbian
Croatian and Serbian form of FRANCE.
FRANKREICH (Country) German
Derived from German Frank, the name of a Germanic tribe, and Reich meaning "empire, realm". This is the German name for France.
FRANKRIG (Country) Danish
Danish cognate of FRANKREICH. This is the Danish name for France.
FRANKRIJK (Country) Dutch
Dutch cognate of FRANKREICH. This is the Dutch name for France.
FRANKRIKE (Country) Swedish, Norwegian
Swedish and Norwegian cognate of FRANKREICH. This is the Swedish name for France.
FRANȚA (Country) Romanian
Romanian form of FRANCE.
FRANTSIYA (Country) Russian
Russian form of FRANCE.
GERMANIA (Country) Ancient Roman, Italian, Romanian
Latin, Italian and Romanian form of GERMANY.
GERMANIYA (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of Germania (see GERMANY).
GERMANY (Country) English
From Latin Germania, first attested in the writings of Julius Caesar, used to refer to the areas east of the Rhine and north of the Danube. The origin of the term is uncertain. This is an English exonym corresponding to German Deutschland.
GHANA (Country) English, French, German, Dutch, Italian, Spanish, Polish, Czech, Slovak
From the name of the Ghana Empire, which was located in the southwestern Sahara and existed up to the 13th century. Ghana, meaning "warrior" in Mande, was actually the title of the rulers, while the empire itself was more properly known as Awkar. In 1957 this was adopted as the name of the newly independent country of Ghana, formerly the British colony Gold Coast, despite the fact that the country lies outside the empire's territory.
GIAPPONE (Country) Italian
Italian form of JAPAN.
GIORDANIA (Country) Italian
Italian form of JORDAN (the country).
GRAECIA (Country) Ancient Roman
Latin form of GREECE.
GRÉCIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Graecia (see GREECE).
GRECIA (Country) Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of Graecia (see GREECE).
GREECE (Country) English
English form of Latin Graecia, the name used by the Romans for the land of the Greeks, derived from Greek Γραικος (Graikos), which is of uncertain origin. It is possibly derived from the city of Graia in Boeotia.
GUINÉ (Region, Country & Island) Portuguese
Portuguese form of GUINEA.
GUINEA (Region, Country & Island) English, Italian, Spanish, German
From Portuguese Guiné, which is of unknown meaning, possibly of Berber origin. This name was used by the Portuguese to refer to a portion of western Africa. It was also applied by westerners to the island of New Guinea starting in the 16th century. It is now the name or part of the name of the countries of Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Equatorial Guinea and Papua New Guinea.
GUINÉE (Region, Country & Island) French
French form of GUINEA.
HAYASTAN (Country) Armenian
From the Armenian word հայ (hay) meaning "Armenian" combined with the Persian suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". This is the Armenian name for Armenia.
HAYK (Country) Armenian (Archaic)
From the Armenian word հայ (hay) meaning "Armenian", of uncertain ultimate origin. Some theories claim it is from the name of the Armenian hero HAYK, though it is more likely that they simply derive from the same source. This is an archaic Armenian name for Armenia; the modern name is Հայաստան (Hayastan).
HELLADA (Country) Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of ELLADA.
HISPANIA (Country) Ancient Roman
Latin form of SPAIN, referring originally to the entire Iberian Peninsula.
HISZPANIA (Country) Polish
Polish form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
HOLANDIA (Country) Polish
Polish form of HOLLAND (1), referring to the entire country of the Netherlands.
HOLANDIJA (Country) Serbian
Serbian form of HOLLAND (1), referring to the entire country of the Netherlands.
HOLANDIYA (Country) Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of HOLLAND (1), referring to the provinces and sometimes the entire country.
HOLLAND (1) (Political Subdivision & Country) Dutch, English, German
From Old Dutch holt "forest" and lant "land". This is the name of two provinces (North and South Holland) in the Netherlands. It is sometimes used to refer to the entire country of the Netherlands.
HOLLANDA (Country) Turkish
Turkish form of HOLLAND (1), referring to the entire country of the Netherlands.
HOLLANDE (Political Subdivision & Country) French
French form of HOLLAND (1), referring to the provinces and sometimes the entire country.
HONGRIE (Country) French
French form of HUNGARY.
HRVAŠKA (Country) Slovene
Slovene form of CROATIA.
HRVATSKA (Country) Croatian, Serbian
Croatian and Serbian form of CROATIA.
HUNGARIA (Country) Late Roman
Latin form of HUNGARY.
HUNGARY (Country) English
From Latin Hungaria, derived from Byzantine Greek Ουγγροι (Oungroi), from Turkic Onogur meaning "ten tribes". This is the name of a country in eastern Europe which was settled by the Hungarians in the 9th century. Because they were identified with the Huns, the H was added to the beginning of their Latin name. The Hungarian name for the country is Magyarország.
HUNGRÍA (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of HUNGARY.
HUNGRIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of HUNGARY.
HVIDERUSLAND (Country) Danish
Means "white Russia", a Danish calque of BELARUS.
HVITERUSSLAND (Country) Norwegian
Means "white Russia", a Norwegian calque of BELARUS.
INDE (Country) French
French form of INDIA.
ÍNDIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of INDIA.
INDIA (Country) English, Italian, Spanish, Dutch, Norwegian, Romanian, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
Derived from the name of the INDUS River. In many languages of India, the name Bharat is used to refer to the country.
INDIE (Country) Polish, Czech
Polish and Czech form of INDIA.
INDIEN (Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of INDIA.
INDIYA (Country) Indian, Telugu
Telugu form of INDIA.
INDO (Country) Japanese
Japanese form of INDIA. It is usually written in the katakana writing system.
INDONÉSIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of INDONESIA.
INDONESIA (Country) Indonesian, English, Italian, Spanish, Late Greek
From Greek Ινδος (Indos), referring to the INDUS, combined with νησος (nesos) meaning "island". This name has been used since the 18th century by colonial powers to refer to the Indonesian archipelago and since 1945 to refer to the independent nation.
INDONESIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of INDONESIA.
INDONESIEN (Country) German
German form of INDONESIA.
INGHILTERRA (Country) Italian
Italian form of ANGLAE TERRA, used as the Italian name of England.
INGLATERRA (Country) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of ANGLAE TERRA, used for England.
INTIYA (Country) Tamil
Tamil form of INDIA.
IORDANIYA (Country) Russian
Russian form of JORDAN (the country).
IRÃ (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of IRAN.
IRAK (Country) Turkish
Turkish form of IRAQ.
IRÁK (Country) Czech
Czech form of IRAN.
IRÁN (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of IRAN.
IRAN (Country) Persian, Arabic, English, French, German, Italian, Croatian, Serbian
Derived from Middle Persian Eran, related to Old Iranian Arya meaning "Iranian, Aryan". This is the name of a country in western Asia, formerly called Persia in the West.
IRAQ (Country) Arabic, English, Italian, Catalan
From Arabic العراق (al-'Iraq), probably derived from the name of the ancient Sumerian/Akkadian city of URUK. This is the name of a country in the Middle East.
IRELAND (Country & Island) English
Derived from Irish Gaelic ÉIRE and English land.
ISRAEL (Country) English, Biblical
From the name of the Old Testament hero Jacob, who was also called ISRAEL.
ITÁLIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Italia (see ITALY).
ITALIA (Country) Italian, Spanish, Greek, Romanian, Norwegian, Finnish, Ancient Roman
Italian and Latin form of ITALY, as well as the form in several other languages.
ITÁLIE (Country) Czech
Czech form of Italia (see ITALY).
ITALIE (Country) French
French form of Italia (see ITALY).
ITALIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of Italia (see ITALY).
ITALIEN (Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of Italia (see ITALY).
ITALIJA (Country) Slovene, Croatian, Serbian
Slovene, Croatian and Serbian form of Italia (see ITALY).
ITALIYA (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of Italia (see ITALY).
ITALY (Country) English
Anglicized form of Italia, originally applied by the Greeks to the south of the Italian Peninsula. It may have been borrowed from Oscan Víteliú possibly meaning "land of bulls". According to Roman mythology, the region was named for ITALUS, though in fact it was he who was named for the region.
ITYOPPYA (Country) Eastern African, Amharic
Amharic form of ETHIOPIA.
JAPAN (Country) English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Croatian, Serbian
From Portuguese Japão, which was derived from a Malay form of Riben, the Chinese reading of NIPPON.
JAPÃO (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of JAPAN.
JAPÓN (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of JAPAN.
JAPON (Country) French
French form of JAPAN.
JAZA'IR (Settlement & Country) Arabic
Arabic form of ALGIERS and ALGERIA, usually written with the definite article: الجزائر (al-Jaza'ir).
JORDAN (River & Country) English, Danish, Norwegian, Croatian, Serbian, German, Swedish, Finnish, Polish, Biblical
River which flows between the countries of Jordan and Israel. The river's name in Hebrew is יַרְדֵן (Yarden), and it is derived from יָרַד (yarad) meaning "descend" or "flow down". The river has lent its name to the country to the east (in German, Swedish, Finnish and Polish this is only the name of the river, with the name of the country taking a different form).
JORDANIA (Country) Finnish, Polish
Finnish and Polish form of JORDAN (the country).
JORDANIE (Country) French
French form of JORDAN (the country).
JORDANIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of JORDAN (the country).
JORDANIEN (Country) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of JORDAN (the country).
JOSEON (Region & Country) Korean
This was the name of two kingdoms in the history of Korea. The first was conquered by the Han Empire in the 2nd century BC. The second ruled Korea from the 14th century until the 19th century. The name of these kingdoms was written using the Sino-Korean characters (jo) meaning "dynasty" and (seon) meaning "new", though the actual origin is assumed to be Korean. This name is now used in North Korea to refer to the country of North Korea.
JUNGGUK (Country) Korean
Korean form of ZHONGGUO.
KASACHSTAN (Country) German
German form of KAZAKHSTAN.
KAZAKHSTAN (Country) English, Russian, Ukrainian, French
From Kazakh Қазақстан (Qazaqstan), from the ethnic name қазақ (qazaq), which is probably of Turkic origin, combined with the Persian suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". This is the name of a country in central Asia.
KENIA (Country & Mountain) German, Dutch, Finnish, Italian, Spanish, Polish
Form of KENYA.
KENIJA (Country & Mountain) Croatian, Serbian
Croatian and Serbian form of KENYA.
KENIYA (Country & Mountain) Russian
Russian form of KENYA.
KENYA (Country & Mountain) English, Eastern African, Kikuyu, Swahili, French, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
The country is named for Mount Kenya, which in the Kikuyu language is called Kĩrĩnyaga meaning "the one having stripes".
KHORVATIYA (Country) Russian
Russian form of CROATIA.
KHORVATU (Country) Medieval Slavic (Hypothetical)
Medieval Slavic form of CROATIA.
KITAJSKA (Country) Slovene
Slovene cognate of CATHAY, used as the Slovene name of China.
KITAY (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian cognate of CATHAY, used as the Russian and Bulgarian name of China.
KOLUMBIEN (Country & Political Subdivision) German
German form of COLOMBIA and sometimes of COLUMBIA (for example Britisch-Kolumbien for British Columbia).
KOREA (Country) English, German, Dutch, Finnish, Czech
From medieval Latin Corea, itself derived from GORYEO, the name of a kingdom which ruled most of the Korean Peninsula from the 10th to 14th centuries. This is the name of two countries, North and South Korea. Hanguk and Joseon are the Korean names for the countries.
KROATIA (Country) Norwegian, Finnish
Norwegian and Finnish form of CROATIA.
KROATIEN (Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of CROATIA.
KYTAY (Country) Ukrainian
Ukrainian cognate of CATHAY, used as the Ukrainian name of China.
LEFKOROSIA (Country) Greek
Means "white Russia", a Greek calque of BELARUS.
MAGHRIB (Region & Country) Arabic
From Arabic المغرب (al-Maghrib) meaning "the place of the sunset, the west". This is the Arabic name of Morocco as well as the entire region of western North Africa (known as the Maghreb in English). In Arabic the name is usually written with the definite article: المغرب (al-Maghrib).
MAGYARORSZÁG (Country) Hungarian
Hungarian name for the country of HUNGARY, derived from magyar meaning "Hungarian" and ország meaning "country". Magyar itself is derived from a combination of two Uralic roots both meaning "man".
MAROC (Country) French
French form of MOROCCO.
MAROCCO (Country) Italian
Italian form of MOROCCO.
MAROKKO (Country) German
German form of MOROCCO.
MARRUECOS (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of MOROCCO.
MEHXICO (Country & Settlement) Aztec
Nahuatl form of MEXICO.
MEKSYK (Country & Settlement) Polish
Polish form of MEXICO.
MENGGU (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Chinese
Chinese form of MONGOLIA.
MESSICO (Country & Settlement) Italian
Italian form of MEXICO.
MÉXICO (Country & Settlement) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish (and Portuguese) form of MEXICO.
MEXICO (Country & Settlement) English, French
From Spanish México, itself derived from Nahuatl Mehxico. There are many theories regarding the ultimate origin, including Nahuatl metztli meaning "moon" combined with xictli meaning "navel". This is the name of a country in North America, as well as its capital city (the country is named after the city). In French Mexico is the name of the capital city, while the country is called Mexique.
MEXIKO (Country & Settlement) German
German form of MEXICO.
MEXIQUE (Country) French
French form of MEXICO (referring only to the country, not the capital city).
MONGGO (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Korean
Korean form of MONGOLIA.
MONGHOLIYA (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Kazakh
Kazakh form of MONGOLIA.
MONGOL (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Mongolian
Mongolian form of MONGOLIA.
MONGOLEI (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) German
German form of MONGOLIA.
MONGÓLIA (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of MONGOLIA.
MONGOLIA (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) English, Spanish, Italian
From Mongolian монгол (mongol), the name for the Mongolian people, possibly from монг (mong) meaning "brave". This the name of a region in eastern Asia, now divided between the country of Mongolia (historically called Outer Mongolia) and the Chinese region of Inner Mongolia.
MONGOLIE (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) French
French form of MONGOLIA.
MONGOLIË (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Dutch
Dutch form of MONGOLIA.
MONGOLIYA (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of MONGOLIA.
MONHOLIYA (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Ukrainian
Ukrainian form of MONGOLIA.
MOROCCO (Country) English
The name of a country in North Africa, named after the city MARRAKESH. In Arabic the country is named al-Maghrib (see Maghrib).
MOUKO (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Japanese
Japanese form of MONGOLIA.
NEDERLAND (Country) Dutch, Norwegian
Dutch and Norwegian cognate of NETHERLANDS.
NEDERLANDENE (Country) Danish
Danish cognate of NETHERLANDS.
NEDERLÄNDERNA (Country) Swedish
Swedish cognate of NETHERLANDS.
NEMAČKA (Country) Serbian
Serbian (Ekavian) variant of NJEMAČKA.
NEMČIJA (Country) Slovene
Slovene cognate of NIEMCY, used as the Slovene name of Germany.
NĚMECKO (Country) Czech
Czech cognate of NIEMCY, used as the Czech name of Germany.
NEMECKO (Country) Slovak
Slovak cognate of NIEMCY, used as the Slovak name of Germany.
NEMETCHINA (Country) Russian
Russian cognate of NIEMCY, used as a Russian name of Germany.
NÉPAL (Country) French
French form of NEPAL.
NEPAL (Country) Nepali, Indian, Hindi, English, German, Dutch, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Polish, Sanskrit
From Sanskrit नेपाल (Nepal), of unknown meaning. This is the name of a landlocked country in south Asia.
NETHERLANDS (Country) English
From English nether meaning "lower" and land, referring to the low-lying position of the country. This is the name of a country in northwestern Europe. It is sometimes called Holland in English, though this is properly one of its subregions. In English it is usually referred to using the definite article, the.
NIDERLANDIYA (Country) Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of NETHERLANDS.
NIDERLANDY (Country) Russian
Russian form of NETHERLANDS.
NIEDERLANDE (Country) German
German cognate of NETHERLANDS. It is usually referred to using the definite article, die.
NIEMCY (Country) Polish
From Slavic němici meaning "mute, not able to speak", extended to mean "foreigner, German". This is the Polish name of Germany.
NÍGER (River & Country) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of NIGER.
NIGER (River & Country) English, French, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Croatian, Serbian, Late Roman
Meaning unknown, possibly of Berber origin, though influenced by Latin niger "black". This is the name of a river in western Africa (and a country which is named after it).