(Region & Country) Late Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
Medieval Latin name for the region which was once occupied by the Illyrian tribe called Albanoi. This is the name of a country in the Balkans.
(Region & Country) English
Derived from Latin australis
From the name of a type of tree, called pau-brasil
in Portuguese (brazilwood
in English). It may ultimately derive from Portuguese brasa
meaning "ember". This is the name of a country in South America.
(Country) Late Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
From the name of the Turkic tribe of the Bulgars, possibly from a Turkic root meaning "mixed". This is the name of a country in southeastern Europe.
Derived from the Iroquoian word kanata
meaning "village". This word was used by Native Americans to direct explorer Jacques Cartier to Stadacona. Cartier used the word to refer to the region.
(Country) Czech, Slovak
From the name of the Slavic tribe of the Czechs (see ČECHY
). This is the Czech name for the Czech Republic.
English form of ČECHY
(via Polish Czechy
), used as an alternative name for the Czech Republic (and not as a name for Bohemia
Combination of CZECHIA
. This was the name of a country that existed between 1918 and 1993, at which time it split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
(Region & Country) Polish
Polish form of ČECHY
, used to refer both to the region of Bohemia
and the larger Czech Republic.
From Sino-Korean 大 (dae)
meaning "big, great" and 韓 (han)
meaning "Korea". This is the official Korean name for South Korea
Derived from the German deutsch
meaning "German" (ultimately from Germanic þeudo
"people") and Land
. This is the German endonym for Germany
(Country & Island) Irish
Possibly means "abundant land" in Old Irish. This is the Irish name of the country and island of Ireland. According to legend the island was named for the goddess ÉRIU
, though in fact it was she who was named for the island.
Modern Greek form of Ancient Greek ‘Ελλαδα
(Hellada), derived from ‘Ελλην (Hellen)
"Greek", which is of uncertain origin. This is the Greek endonym for Greece
(Country) English, German
From Old English Englaland
meaning "land of the Angles", the Angles being one of the Germanic tribes that settled in the area in the post-Roman period.
(Country) French, English
From Latin Francia
meaning "land of the Franks". The Franks were the Germanic tribe who settled in the region in the 3rd century. They derived their tribal name from the name of a type of spear that they used.
Derived from German Frank
, the name of a Germanic tribe, and Reich
meaning "empire, realm". This is the German name for France
From Latin Germania
, first attested in the writings of Julius Caesar, used to refer to the areas east of the Rhine and north of the Danube. The origin of the term is uncertain. This is an English exonym corresponding to German Deutschland
English form of Latin Graecia
, the name used by the Romans for the land of the Greeks, derived from Greek Γραικος (Graikos)
, which is of uncertain origin. It is possibly derived from the city of Graia in Boeotia.
From Latin Hungaria
, derived from Byzantine Greek Ουγγροι (Oungroi)
, from Turkic Onogur
meaning "ten tribes". This is the name of a country in eastern Europe which was settled by the Hungarians in the 9th century. Because they were identified with the Huns, the H
was added to the beginning of their Latin name. The Hungarian name for the country is Magyarország
Anglicized form of Italia
, originally applied by the Greeks to the south of the Italian Peninsula. It may have been borrowed from Oscan Víteliú
possibly meaning "land of bulls". According to Roman mythology, the region was named for ITALUS
, though in fact it was he who was named for the region.
(Country) English, German
From Portuguese Japão
, which was derived from a Malay form of Riben
, the Chinese reading of NIPPON
(River & Country) English, Biblical
River which flows between the countries of Jordan and Israel. The river's name in Hebrew is יַרְדֵן (Yarden)
, and it is derived from יָרַד (yarad)
meaning "descend" or "flow down". The river has lent its name to the country to the east.
(Region & Country) Korean
This was the name of two kingdoms in the history of Korea. The first was conquered by the Han Empire in the 2nd century BC. The second ruled Korea from the 14th century until the 19th century. The name of these kingdoms was written using the Sino-Korean characters 朝 (jo)
meaning "dynasty" and 鮮 (seon)
meaning "new", though the actual origin is assumed to be Korean. This name is now used in North Korea to refer to the country of North Korea
(Country & Mountain) English
The country is named for Mount Kenya, which in the Kikuyu language is called Kere Nyaga
meaning "mountain of whiteness".
(Country) English, German, Dutch
From medieval Latin Corea
, itself derived from GORYEO
, the name of a kingdom which ruled most of the Korean Peninsula from the 10th to 14th centuries. This is the name of two countries, North and South Korea. Hanguk
are the Korean names for the countries.
Hungarian name for the country of HUNGARY
, derived from magyar
meaning "Hungarian" and ország
meaning "country". Magyar
itself is derived from a combination of two Uralic roots both meaning "man".
(River & Country) English, French, Italian, German, Late Roman
Meaning unknown, possibly of Berber origin, though influenced by Latin niger
"black". This is the name of a river in western Africa (and a country which is named after it).
(Country) English, French, Italian, Spanish, German
From the name of the NIGER
River, applied in the 19th century to the British colonial territory in western Africa. It continued to be used after the territory became an independent country in 1960.
Means "origin of the sun, sunrise", from Sino-Japanese 日 (nichi)
meaning "sun" and 本 (hon)
meaning "root, origin". This is the Japanese name for Japan
(Country) Ancient Roman, English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese
Latin form of Greek Περσις (Persis)
, from Old Persian Parsa
. This is the name used in the West for a region in western Asia, as well as several empires which were based there, including the Achaemenid Empire, Parthian Empire, and Sasanian Empire. This was also the Western name for the country of Iran until 1935, when the king requested that the native name Iran
be used instead.
Derived from the medieval state of RUS
meaning "country, state". This is the German name for Russia
Means "land of the Scots", from Latin Scoti
meaning "Gaelic speaker".
, the Slovak form of the medieval Slavic slovene
, referring to the tribe of the Slavs. This is the name of a country in central Europe.
, the language of the Slovenes, derived from the medieval Slavic tribal name slovene
meaning "Slavs". This is the name of a country in central Europe.
From medieval Slavic slovene
referring to the tribe of the Slavs. This is the Slovene name for Slovenia.
(Country) Slovak, Czech
From medieval Slavic slovene
referring to the tribe of the Slavs. This is the Slovak name for Slovakia.
Derived from Hispania
, the Latin name of the Iberian Peninsula, which is of uncertain origin. It could be derived from Punic I-Shaphan
meaning "land of the rabbits".
From Latin Turcia
, derived from the ethnonym Turk
, which is from Old Turkic possibly meaning "ancestry". This is the name of a country situated on the Anatolian peninsula.
Possibly related to Japanese 山 (yama)
meaning "mountain". This was the old name for the area around the city of Nara, though it was later applied to the entire country of Japan. Chinese scribes originally wrote this name using the character 倭
meaning "short". However, this was revised to the more favourable 和
meaning "harmony" in the 8th century. The prefixed character 大
Means "middle kingdom", from Chinese 中 (zhōng)
meaning "middle" and 国 (guó)
meaning "country, state". This is the Chinese name for China
. The name originally referred to China's central regions, as opposed to the territory on the fringes.