Country Place Names

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AITHIOPIA   (Country)   Ancient Greek
Greek form of ETHIOPIA.
ALBANIA   (Region & Country)   Late Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
Medieval Latin name for the region which was once occupied by the Illyrian tribe called Albanoi. This is the name of a country in the Balkans.
ALBANIE   (Country)   French
French form of ALBANIA.
ALEMANHA   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of ALEMANNIA, used as the Portuguese name of Germany.
ALEMANIA   (Country)   Spanish
Spanish form of ALEMANNIA, used as the Spanish name of Germany.
ALLEMAGNE   (Country)   French
French form of ALEMANNIA, used as the French name of Germany.
AMERICA   (Region & Country)   English, Italian, Romanian, Late Roman
From the name of the explorer AMERIGO Vespucci (1451-1512). This is the name of two continents (North and South America) and is also commonly used to refer to the United States of America.
AMERİKA   (Region & Country)   Turkish
Turkish form of AMERICA.
AMERIKA   (Region & Country)   German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Russian, Croatian, Serbian
Form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents and sometimes to the United States of America.
AMERYKA   (Region & Country)   Polish
Polish form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents and the United States of America.
ANGLAE TERRA   (Country)   Late Roman
Late Latin form of ENGLAND (a translation, meaning "land of the Angles").
ANGLETERRE   (Country)   French
French form of ANGLAE TERRA, used as the French name of England.
ANGLIA   (Country & Region)   Late Roman
Late Latin form of ENGLAND (and also of ANGEL).
ÄTHIOPIEN   (Country)   German
German form of ETHIOPIA.
AUSTRÁLIA   (Region & Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of AUSTRALIA.
AUSTRALIA   (Region & Country)   English, Italian, Spanish
Derived from Latin australis meaning "southern". It was formally adopted as the name of the continent (and later country) by the British administrators of the region in 1824.
AUSTRALIE   (Region & Country)   French
French form of AUSTRALIA.
AUSTRALIEN   (Region & Country)   German
German form of AUSTRALIA.
BALGARIYA   (Country)   Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of BULGARIA.
BHARAT   (Country)   Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Gujarati, Assamese
From the name of the mythological king BHARATA. This is the endonym for India in many of the languages of northern India.
BHARATA   (Country)   Sanskrit
Sanskrit form of BHARAT.
BHAROT   (Country)   Bengali
Bengali variant transcription of BHARAT.
BOLGARIYA   (Country)   Russian
Russian form of BULGARIA.
BOLÍVIA   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of BOLIVIA.
BOLIVIA   (Country)   Spanish, English, Italian
From the surname BOLÍVAR, in honour of the revolutionary Simón Bolívar. This is the name of a country in South America.
BOLIVIE   (Country)   French
French form of BOLIVIA.
BOLIVIEN   (Country)   German
German form of BOLIVIA.
BRASIL   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of BRAZIL.
BRASILE   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of BRAZIL.
BRASILIEN   (Country)   German
German form of BRAZIL.
BRAZIL   (Country)   English, Croatian, Serbian
From the name of a type of tree, called pau-brasil in Portuguese (brazilwood in English). It may ultimately derive from Portuguese brasa meaning "ember". This is the name of a country in South America.
BRAZILIË   (Country)   Dutch
Dutch form of BRAZIL.
BRÉSIL   (Country)   French
French form of BRAZIL.
BULGARIA   (Country)   Late Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
From the name of the Turkic tribe of the Bulgars, possibly from a Turkic root meaning "mixed". This is the name of a country in southeastern Europe.
BULGARIE   (Country)   French
French form of BULGARIA.
BULGARIEN   (Country)   German
German form of BULGARIA.
CANADA   (Country)   English, French, Italian, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian
Derived from the Iroquoian word kanata meaning "village". This word was used by Native Americans to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to Stadacona. Cartier used the word to refer to the region.
CANADÁ   (Country)   Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of CANADA.
CECHIA   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of ČECHY, used as a name for the Czech Republic.
ČESKO   (Country)   Czech, Slovak
From the name of the Slavic tribe of the Czechs (see ČECHY). This is the Czech name for the Czech Republic.
ČESKOSLOVENSKO   (Country)   Czech, Slovak
Czech and Slovak form of CZECHOSLOVAKIA.
CHAD   (Body of Water & Country)   English, Spanish
From Arabic تشاد (Tshad), derived from a Kanuri word meaning "lake, large expanse of water". This is the name of a lake in central Africa, as well as the country that is named after it. The lake also borders Niger, Nigeria and Cameroon.
CHADE   (Body of Water & Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of CHAD.
CHAOXIAN   (Country)   Chinese
Chinese form of JOSEON, used in mainland China to refer to Korea.
CHIN   (Country)   Indian, Hindi, Persian
Hindi and Persian form of CHINA.
CHINA   (Country)   English, German, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese, Sanskrit
From Persian چین (Chin), probably derived via Sanskrit चीन (China) from Qin, the name of a dynasty that ruled in China in the 3rd century BC. In China the name Zhongguo is used to refer to the country.
CHINE   (Country)   French
French form of CHINA.
CHOSUN   (Region & Country)   Korean
Variant transcription of JOSEON.
CHUUGOKU   (Country & Region)   Japanese
Japanese form of ZHONGGUO, used to refer to China. It is also the name of a region in western Japan.
CIAD   (Body of Water & Country)   Italian
Italian form of CHAD.
CINA   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of CHINA.
CONGO   (River & Country)   English, French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Danish
From Kongo, of uncertain origin, the name of a kingdom in central Africa that existed from the 14th to 19th century. The Congo River (also called the Zaire River) was named after the kingdom. Belgian and French colonies were established in the 19th century, named after the river, which eventually led to two African countries, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire) and the Republic of the Congo.
COREA   (Country)   Italian, Spanish, Late Roman
Italian and Spanish form of KOREA, as well as the Latin form.
CORÉE   (Country)   French
French form of KOREA.
CROACIA   (Country)   Spanish
Spanish form of CROATIA.
CROATIA   (Country)   English, Late Roman
From Croatian Hrvatska, from medieval Slavic Khorvatu, of unknown meaning. This is the name of a country in the Balkan region of southeastern Europe.
CROATIE   (Country)   French
French form of CROATIA.
CROAZIA   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of CROATIA.
CSEHORSZÁG   (Country)   Hungarian
Hungarian form of ČECHY, used to refer both to the region of Bohemia and the larger Czech Republic.
CZAD   (Body of Water & Country)   Polish
Polish form of CHAD.
CZECHIA   (Country)   English
English form of ČECHY (via Polish Czechy), used as an alternative name for the Czech Republic (and not as a name for Bohemia).
CZECHOSLOVAKIA   (Country)   English
Combination of CZECHIA and SLOVAKIA. This was the name of a country that existed between 1918 and 1993, at which time it split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
CZECHY   (Region & Country)   Polish
Polish form of ČECHY, used to refer both to the region of Bohemia and the larger Czech Republic.
DAEHAN   (Country)   Korean
From Sino-Korean (dae) meaning "big, great" and (han) meaning "Korea". This is the official Korean name for South Korea.
DÄNEMARK   (Country)   German
German form of DENMARK.
DANEMARK   (Country)   French
French form of DENMARK.
DANIMARCA   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of DENMARK.
DANMARK   (Country)   Danish
Danish form of DENMARK.
DENMARK   (Country)   English
From Danish Danmark, derived from the ethnic name Dane, which is possibly from Germanic den meaning "low ground", combined with mark meaning "borderland". This is the name of a country in northern Europe.
DEUTSCHLAND   (Country)   German
Derived from the German deutsch meaning "German" (ultimately from Germanic þeudo "people") and Land. This is the German endonym for Germany.
DINAMARCA   (Country)   Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of DENMARK.
DUITSLAND   (Country)   Dutch
Dutch form of DEUTSCHLAND.
ÉIRE   (Country & Island)   Irish
Possibly means "abundant land" in Old Irish. This is the Irish name of the country and island of Ireland. According to legend the island was named for the goddess ÉRIU, though in fact it was she who was named for the island.
ELLADA   (Country)   Greek
Modern Greek form of Ancient Greek ‘Ελλαδα (Hellada), derived from ‘Ελλην (Hellen) "Greek", which is of uncertain origin. This is the Greek endonym for Greece.
ENGLALAND   (Country)   Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of ENGLAND.
ENGLAND   (Country)   English, German
From Old English Englaland meaning "land of the Angles", the Angles being one of the Germanic tribes that settled in the area in the post-Roman period.
ERAN   (Country)   Ancient Persian
Middle Persian form of IRAN.
ÉRIU   (Country & Island)   Ancient Irish
Old Irish form of ÉIRE.
ESLOVAQUIA   (Country)   Spanish
Spanish form of SLOVAKIA.
ESPAGNE   (Country)   French
French form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
ESPAINIA   (Country)   Basque
Basque form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
ESPAÑA   (Country)   Spanish, Galician
Spanish and Galician form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
ESPANYA   (Country)   Catalan
Catalan form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
ETHIOPIA   (Country)   English
From Greek Αιθιοπια (Aithiopia), derived from αιθω (aitho) meaning "to burn" and ωψ (ops) meaning "face", referring to the skin colour of the inhabitants. This is the name of a country in eastern Africa.
ETHIOPIÉ   (Country)   French
French form of ETHIOPIA.
ETIÓPIA   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of ETHIOPIA.
ETIOPIA   (Country)   Italian, Polish
Italian and Polish form of ETHIOPIA.
ETIOPIJA   (Country)   Serbian, Croatian, Slovene
Serbian, Croatian and Slovene form of ETHIOPIA.
FARIS   (Country)   Arabic
Arabic form of PERSIA.
FINLAND   (Country)   English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch
From Old Norse Finnr, which referred to the Finn and Sami peoples, combined with land. This is the name of a country in northern Europe, called Suomi in Finnish.
FINLANDE   (Country)   French
French form of FINLAND.
FINLANDIA   (Country)   Spanish, Italian
Spanish and Italian form of FINLAND.
FINNLAND   (Country)   Ancient Scandinavian, German
Old Norse and German form of FINLAND.
FRANÇA   (Country)   Portuguese, Catalan
Portuguese and Catalan form of FRANCE.
FRANCE   (Country)   French, English
From Latin Francia meaning "land of the Franks". The Franks were the Germanic tribe who settled in the region in the 3rd century. They derived their tribal name from the name of a type of spear that they used.
FRANCIA   (Country)   Late Roman, Italian, Spanish
Latin form of FRANCE.
FRANCIE   (Country)   Czech
Czech form of FRANCE.
FRANCJA   (Country)   Polish
Polish form of FRANCE.
FRANCUSKA   (Country)   Croatian, Serbian
Croatian and Serbian form of FRANCE.
FRANKREICH   (Country)   German
Derived from German Frank, the name of a Germanic tribe, and Reich meaning "empire, realm". This is the German name for France.
FRANKRIG   (Country)   Danish
Danish cognate of FRANKREICH. This is the Danish name for France.
FRANKRIJK   (Country)   Dutch
Dutch cognate of FRANKREICH. This is the Dutch name for France.
FRANKRIKE   (Country)   Swedish, Norwegian
Swedish and Norwegian cognate of FRANKREICH. This is the Swedish name for France.
FRANTSIYA   (Country)   Russian
Russian form of FRANCE.
GERMANIA   (Country)   Ancient Roman, Italian
Latin and Italian form of GERMANY.
GERMANY   (Country)   English
From Latin Germania, first attested in the writings of Julius Caesar, used to refer to the areas east of the Rhine and north of the Danube. The origin of the term is uncertain. This is an English exonym corresponding to German Deutschland.
GIAPPONE   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of JAPAN.
GIORDANIA   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of JORDAN (the country).
GRAECIA   (Country)   Ancient Roman
Latin form of GREECE.
GRÉCIA   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of Graecia (see GREECE).
GRECIA   (Country)   Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of Graecia (see GREECE).
GREECE   (Country)   English
English form of Latin Graecia, the name used by the Romans for the land of the Greeks, derived from Greek Γραικος (Graikos), which is of uncertain origin. It is possibly derived from the city of Graia in Boeotia.
HELLADA   (Country)   Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of ELLADA.
HISPANIA   (Country)   Ancient Roman
Latin form of SPAIN, referring originally to the entire Iberian Peninsula.
HONGRIE   (Country)   French
French form of HUNGARY.
HRVAŠKA   (Country)   Slovene
Slovene form of CROATIA.
HRVATSKA   (Country)   Croatian, Serbian
Croatian and Serbian form of CROATIA.
HUNGARIA   (Country)   Late Roman
Latin form of HUNGARY.
HUNGARY   (Country)   English
From Latin Hungaria, derived from Byzantine Greek Ουγγροι (Oungroi), from Turkic Onogur meaning "ten tribes". This is the name of a country in eastern Europe which was settled by the Hungarians in the 9th century. Because they were identified with the Huns, the H was added to the beginning of their Latin name. The Hungarian name for the country is Magyarország.
HUNGRÍA   (Country)   Spanish
Spanish form of HUNGARY.
HUNGRIA   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of HUNGARY.
INDE   (Country)   French
French form of INDIA.
ÍNDIA   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of INDIA.
INDIA   (Country)   English, Italian, Spanish, Dutch, Norwegian, Romanian, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
Derived from the name of the INDUS River. In many languages of India, the name Bharat is used to refer to the country.
INDIE   (Country)   Polish, Czech
Polish and Czech form of INDIA.
INDIEN   (Country)   German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of INDIA.
INDIYA   (Country)   Indian, Telugu
Telugu form of INDIA.
INDO   (Country)   Japanese
Japanese form of INDIA. It is usually written in the katakana writing system.
INDONÉSIA   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of INDONESIA.
INDONESIA   (Country)   Indonesian, English, Italian, Spanish, Late Greek
From Greek Ινδος (Indos), referring to the INDUS, combined with νησος (nesos) meaning "island". This name has been used since the 18th century by colonial powers to refer to the Indonesian archipelago and since 1945 to refer to the independent nation.
INDONESIË   (Country)   Dutch
Dutch form of INDONESIA.
INDONESIEN   (Country)   German
German form of INDONESIA.
INGHILTERRA   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of ANGLAE TERRA, used as the Italian name of England.
INGLATERRA   (Country)   Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of ANGLAE TERRA, used for England.
INTIYA   (Country)   Tamil
Tamil form of INDIA.
IORDANIYA   (Country)   Russian
Russian form of JORDAN (the country).
IRÃ   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of IRAN.
IRÁN   (Country)   Spanish
Spanish form of IRAN.
IRAN   (Country)   Persian, Arabic, English, French, German, Italian, Croatian, Serbian
Derived from Middle Persian Eran, related to Old Iranian Arya meaning "Iranian, Aryan". This is the name of a country in western Asia, formerly called Persia in the West.
IRELAND   (Country & Island)   English
Derived from Irish Gaelic ÉIRE and English land.
ISRAEL   (Country)   English, Biblical
From the name of the Old Testament hero Jacob, who was also called ISRAEL.
ITÁLIA   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of ITALY.
ITALIA   (Country)   Italian, Spanish, Ancient Roman
Italian, Spanish and Latin form of ITALY.
ITALIE   (Country)   French
French form of ITALY.
ITALIEN   (Country)   German
German form of ITALY.
ITALY   (Country)   English
Anglicized form of Italia, originally applied by the Greeks to the south of the Italian Peninsula. It may have been borrowed from Oscan Víteliú possibly meaning "land of bulls". According to Roman mythology, the region was named for ITALUS, though in fact it was he who was named for the region.
ITYOPPYA   (Country)   Eastern African, Amharic
Amharic form of ETHIOPIA.
JAPAN   (Country)   English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Croatian, Serbian
From Portuguese Japão, which was derived from a Malay form of Riben, the Chinese reading of NIPPON.
JAPÃO   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of JAPAN.
JAPÓN   (Country)   Spanish
Spanish form of JAPAN.
JAPON   (Country)   French
French form of JAPAN.
JORDAN   (River & Country)   English, Danish, Norwegian, Croatian, Serbian, German, Swedish, Finnish, Polish, Biblical
River which flows between the countries of Jordan and Israel. The river's name in Hebrew is יַרְדֵן (Yarden), and it is derived from יָרַד (yarad) meaning "descend" or "flow down". The river has lent its name to the country to the east (in German, Swedish, Finnish and Polish this is only the name of the river, with the name of the country taking a different form).
JORDANIA   (Country)   Finnish, Polish
Finnish and Polish form of JORDAN (the country).
JORDANIE   (Country)   French
French form of JORDAN (the country).
JORDANIË   (Country)   Dutch
Dutch form of JORDAN (the country).
JORDANIEN   (Country)   German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of JORDAN (the country).
JOSEON   (Region & Country)   Korean
This was the name of two kingdoms in the history of Korea. The first was conquered by the Han Empire in the 2nd century BC. The second ruled Korea from the 14th century until the 19th century. The name of these kingdoms was written using the Sino-Korean characters (jo) meaning "dynasty" and (seon) meaning "new", though the actual origin is assumed to be Korean. This name is now used in North Korea to refer to the country of North Korea.
JUNGGUK   (Country)   Korean
Korean form of ZHONGGUO.
KASACHSTAN   (Country)   German
German form of KAZAKHSTAN.
KAZAKHSTAN   (Country)   English, Russian, French
From Kazakh Қазақстан (Qazaqstan), from the ethnic name қазақ (qazaq), which is probably of Turkic origin, combined with the Persian suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". This is the name of a country in central Asia.
KENIA   (Country & Mountain)   German, Dutch, Finnish, Italian, Spanish, Polish
Form of KENYA.
KENIJA   (Country & Mountain)   Croatian, Serbian
Croatian and Serbian form of KENYA.
KENIYA   (Country & Mountain)   Russian
Russian form of KENYA.
KENYA   (Country & Mountain)   English, Eastern African, Kikuyu, Swahili, French, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
The country is named for Mount Kenya, which in the Kikuyu language is called Kĩrĩnyaga meaning "the one having stripes".
KHORVATIYA   (Country)   Russian
Russian form of CROATIA.
KHORVATU   (Country)   Medieval Slavic (Hypothetical)
Medieval Slavic form of CROATIA.
KINA   (Country)   Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Swedish, Norwegian and Danish form of CHINA.
KONGO   (Region, River & Country)   Central African, Kongo, German, Dutch, Swedish, Finnish, Polish, Russian, Croatian, Serbian
Form of CONGO.
KOREA   (Country)   English, German, Dutch, Finnish, Czech
From medieval Latin Corea, itself derived from GORYEO, the name of a kingdom which ruled most of the Korean Peninsula from the 10th to 14th centuries. This is the name of two countries, North and South Korea. Hanguk and Joseon are the Korean names for the countries.
KROATIA   (Country)   Norwegian, Finnish
Norwegian and Finnish form of CROATIA.
KROATIEN   (Country)   German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of CROATIA.
MAGYARORSZÁG   (Country)   Hungarian
Hungarian name for the country of HUNGARY, derived from magyar meaning "Hungarian" and ország meaning "country". Magyar itself is derived from a combination of two Uralic roots both meaning "man".
MEHXICO   (Country & Settlement)   Aztec
Nahuatl form of MEXICO.
MEKSYK   (Country & Settlement)   Polish
Polish form of MEXICO.
MESSICO   (Country & Settlement)   Italian
Italian form of MEXICO.
MÉXICO   (Country & Settlement)   Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish (and Portuguese) form of MEXICO.
MEXICO   (Country & Settlement)   English, French
From Spanish México, itself derived from Nahuatl Mehxico. There are many theories regarding the ultimate origin, including Nahuatl metztli meaning "moon" combined with xictli meaning "navel". This is the name of a country in North America, as well as its capital city (the country is named after the city). In French Mexico is the name of the capital city, while the country is called Mexique.
MEXIKO   (Country & Settlement)   German
German form of MEXICO.
MEXIQUE   (Country)   French
French form of MEXICO (referring only to the country, not the capital city).
NÉPAL   (Country)   French
French form of NEPAL.
NEPAL   (Country)   Nepali, Indian, Hindi, English, German, Dutch, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Polish, Sanskrit
From Sanskrit नेपाल (Nepal), of unknown meaning. This is the name of a landlocked country in south Asia.
NÍGER   (River & Country)   Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of NIGER.
NIGER   (River & Country)   English, French, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Croatian, Serbian, Late Roman
Meaning unknown, possibly of Berber origin, though influenced by Latin niger "black". This is the name of a river in western Africa (and a country which is named after it).
NIGÉRIA   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of NIGERIA.
NIGERIA   (Country)   English, French, Italian, Spanish, German
From the name of the NIGER River, applied in the 19th century to the British colonial territory in western Africa. It continued to be used after the territory became an independent country in 1960.
NIHON   (Country)   Japanese
Alternate reading of NIPPON.
NIPPON   (Country)   Japanese
Means "origin of the sun, sunrise", from Sino-Japanese (nichi) meaning "sun" and (hon) meaning "root, origin". This is the Japanese name for Japan.
NORGE   (Country)   Norwegian, Swedish, Danish
Norwegian, Swedish and Danish form of Norðvegr, the Old Norse form of NORWAY.
NORÐVEGR   (Country)   Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse cognate of NORWAY.
NORÞWEG   (Country)   Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of NORWAY.
NORUEGA   (Country)   Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of NORWAY.
NORVEGIA   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of NORWAY.
NORWAY   (Country)   English
From Old English Norþweg meaning "north way". This is the name of a country in Scandinavia in northern Europe.
NORWEGEN   (Country)   German
German cognate of NORWAY.
PAKESTAN   (Country)   Persian
Persian form of PAKISTAN.
PÁKISTÁN   (Country)   Czech
Czech form of PAKISTAN.
PAKISTÁN   (Country)   Spanish
Spanish form of PAKISTAN.
PAKISTAN   (Country)   Urdu, Punjabi, English, Italian, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Polish, Slovak, Russian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Serbian
From Persian پاک (pak) meaning "pure" and the suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". The name was coined in 1933 by the Pakistani nationalist Choudhry Rahmat Ali who justified it as an acronym of Punjab, Afghania, Kashmir and Sindh, plus the final three letters of Baluchistan.
PAQUISTÃO   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of PAKISTAN.
PARSA   (Country)   Ancient Persian
Old Persian form of PERSIA.
PERSE   (Country)   French
French form of PERSIA.
PÉRSIA   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of PERSIA.
PERSIA   (Country)   Ancient Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
Latin form of Greek Περσις (Persis), from Old Persian Parsa. This is the name used in the West for a region in western Asia, as well as several empires which were based there, including the Achaemenid Empire, Parthian Empire, and Sasanian Empire. This was also the Western name for the country of Iran until 1935, when the king requested that the native name Iran be used instead.
PERSIEN   (Country)   German
German form of PERSIA.
PERSIS   (Country)   Ancient Greek
Greek form of PERSIA.
PERZIË   (Country)   Dutch
Dutch form of PERSIA.
POLAND   (Country)   English
From the name of the Slavic tribe of the Poles, derived from the medieval Slavic word polje meaning "field", combined with land. This is the name of a country in eastern Europe.
POLEN   (Country)   German, Dutch
German and Dutch form of POLAND.
POLOGNE   (Country)   French
French form of POLAND.
POLONIA   (Country)   Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of POLAND.
POLSKA   (Country)   Polish
Polish form of POLAND.
PORTOGALLO   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of PORTUGAL.
PORTUGAL   (Country)   Portuguese, English, French, Spanish, Galician, Catalan, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Croatian, Serbian
From Portugale, which was derived from PORTUS CALE, the old name of the city of Porto. The name of the city was later applied to the entire country.
QAZAQSTAN   (Country)   Kazakh
Kazakh form of KAZAKHSTAN.
QUÉNIA   (Country & Mountain)   Portuguese (European)
Portuguese form of KENYA.
QUÊNIA   (Country & Mountain)   Portuguese (Brazilian)
Brazilian Portuguese form of KENYA.
RANSKA   (Country)   Finnish
Finnish form of FRANCE.
RIBEN   (Country)   Chinese
Chinese form of NIPPON.
ROSJA   (Country)   Polish
Polish form of RUSSIA.
ROSSIYA   (Country)   Russian
Russian form of RUSSIA.
RUSIA   (Country)   Spanish
Spanish form of RUSSIA.
RUSLAND   (Country)   Dutch
Dutch cognate of RUSSLAND.
RÚSSIA   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of RUSSIA.
RUSSIA   (Country)   English, Italian, Late Roman
Derived from the medieval state of RUS, now applied to a much larger area of Europe and Asia.
RUSSLAND   (Country)   German
Derived from the medieval state of RUS and land meaning "country, state". This is the German name for Russia.
SCHWEDEN   (Country)   German
German form of SWEDEN.
SCOTLAND   (Country)   English
Means "land of the Scots", from Latin Scoti meaning "Gaelic speaker".
SLOVAKIA   (Country)   English, Norwegian, Finnish
From Slovak, the Slovak form of medieval Slavic slovene, referring to the tribe of the Slavs. This is the name of a country in central Europe.
SLOVAKIEN   (Country)   Swedish
Swedish form of SLOVAKIA.
SLOVAKIET   (Country)   Danish
Danish form of SLOVAKIA.
SLOVAQUIE   (Country)   French
French form of SLOVAKIA.
SLOVAŠKA   (Country)   Slovene
Slovene form of SLOVAKIA.
SLOVENIA   (Country)   English, Italian, Romanian, Norwegian, Finnish
From Slovene, the language of the Slovenes, derived from the medieval Slavic tribal name slovene meaning "Slavs". This is the name of a country in central Europe.
SLOVÉNIE   (Country)   French
French form of SLOVENIA.
SLOVENIEN   (Country)   Danish, Swedish
Danish and Swedish form of SLOVENIA.
SLOVENIJA   (Country)   Slovene, Croatian, Serbian
From medieval Slavic slovene referring to the tribe of the Slavs. This is the Slovene name for Slovenia.
SLOVENIYA   (Country)   Russian
Russian and Bulgarian form of SLOVENIA.
SLOVENSKO   (Country)   Slovak, Czech
From medieval Slavic slovene referring to the tribe of the Slavs. This is the Slovak name for Slovakia.
SLOVINSKO   (Country)   Czech, Slovak
Czech and Slovak form of SLOVENIA.
SŁOWACJA   (Country)   Polish
Polish form of SLOVAKIA.
SLOWAKEI   (Country)   German
German form of SLOVAKIA.
SLOWENIEN   (Country)   German
German form of SLOVENIA.
SPAGNA   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
SPAIN   (Country)   English
Derived from Hispania, the Latin name of the Iberian Peninsula, which is of uncertain origin. It could be derived from Punic I-Shaphan meaning "land of the rabbits".
SPANIEN   (Country)   German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
SPANJE   (Country)   Dutch
Dutch form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
SUÉCIA   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of SWEDEN.
SUECIA   (Country)   Spanish, Late Roman
Spanish and Latin form of SWEDEN.
SUÈDE   (Country)   French
French form of SWEDEN.
SUOMI   (Country)   Finnish
Possibly from the Balto-Slavic root zeme meaning "ground, earth". This is the Finnish name for Finland.
SVERIGE   (Country)   Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
From Swedish svear "Swede" and rike "realm, kingdom". This is the Swedish, Norwegian and Danish name for Sweden.
SVEZIA   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of SWEDEN.
SWEDEN   (Country)   English
From Middle Dutch Zweden, ultimately from the Old Norse ethnic name Svíar "Swede", itself possibly from Proto-Norse Swihoniz meaning "one's own tribe". This is the name of a country in northern Europe.
SZLOVÁKIA   (Country)   Hungarian
Hungarian form of SLOVAKIA.
TCHAD   (Body of Water & Country)   French
French form of CHAD.
TCHÉCOSLOVAQUIE   (Country)   French
French form of CZECHOSLOVAKIA.
TCHÉQUIE   (Country)   French
French form of ČECHY, used as a name for the Czech Republic.
TSCHAD   (Body of Water & Country)   German
German form of CHAD.
TSCHECHIEN   (Country)   German
German form of ČECHY, used as a name for the Czech Republic.
TSCHECHOSLOWAKEI   (Country)   German
German form of CZECHOSLOVAKIA.
TSHAD   (Body of Water & Country)   Arabic
Arabic form of CHAD.
TURCHIA   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of Turcia (see TURKEY).
TURCIA   (Country)   Late Roman
Latin form of TURKEY.
TÜRKEI   (Country)   German
German form of Turcia (see TURKEY).
TURKEY   (Country)   English
From Latin Turcia, derived from the ethnonym Turk, which is from Old Turkic possibly meaning "ancestry". This is the name of a country situated on the Anatolian peninsula.
TÜRKİYE   (Country)   Turkish
Turkish form of TURKEY.
TURKIYYA   (Country)   Arabic
Arabic form of TURKEY.
TURQUÍA   (Country)   Spanish
Spanish form of Turcia (see TURKEY).
TURQUIA   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of Turcia (see TURKEY).
TURQUIE   (Country)   French
French form of Turcia (see TURKEY).
TYSKLAND   (Country)   Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Swedish, Norwegian and Danish form of DEUTSCHLAND.
UNGARIA   (Country)   Romanian
Romanian form of HUNGARY.
UNGARN   (Country)   German
German form of HUNGARY.
UNGHERIA   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of HUNGARY.
URDANN   (River & Country)   Arabic
Arabic form of JORDAN, usually written with the definite article: الأردنّ (al-Urdann).
VENGRIYA   (Country)   Russian
Russian form of HUNGARY.
VIỆT NAM   (Country)   Vietnamese
Vietnamese form of VIETNAM.
VIETNAM   (Country)   English, French, German, Dutch, Italian, Spanish
From Việt Nam, meaning "southern Yue", derived from Sino-Vietnamese (việt), referring to the Yue people, and (nam) "south". This is the name of a country in southeastern Asia.
VIETNAME   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of VIETNAM.
WĘGRY   (Country)   Polish
Polish form of HUNGARY.
YAMATO   (Country)   Japanese
Possibly related to Japanese (yama) meaning "mountain". This was the old name for the area around the city of Nara, though it was later applied to the entire country of Japan. Chinese scribes originally wrote this name using the character meaning "short". However, this was revised to the more favourable meaning "harmony" in the 8th century. The prefixed character means "great".
YINDU   (Country)   Chinese
Chinese form of INDIA.
YISRA'EL   (Country)   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ISRAEL.
YUENAN   (Country)   Chinese
Chinese form of VIETNAM.
ZAIRE   (River & Country)   Portuguese, English
Older name of the Congo River, said to be derived via Portuguese from Kikongo nzadi o nzere meaning "river swallowing rivers". This was also the former name of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
ZAIRË   (River & Country)   French
French form of ZAIRE.
ZHONGGUO   (Country)   Chinese
Means "middle kingdom", from Chinese (zhōng) meaning "middle" and (guó) meaning "country, state". This is the Chinese name for China. The name originally referred to China's central regions, as opposed to the territory on the fringes.
ZWEDEN   (Country)   Dutch, Medieval Dutch
Dutch form of SWEDEN.
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