Country Place Names

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ALBANIA   (Region & Country)   Late Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
Medieval Latin name for the region which was once occupied by the Illyrian tribe called Albanoi. This is the name of a country in the Balkans.
ALBANIE   (Country)   French
French form of ALBANIA.
ALEMANHA   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of ALEMANNIA, used as the Portuguese name of Germany.
ALEMANIA   (Country)   Spanish
Spanish form of ALEMANNIA, used as the Spanish name of Germany.
ALLEMAGNE   (Country)   French
French form of ALEMANNIA, used as the French name of Germany.
AMERICA   (Region & Country)   English
From the name of the explorer AMERIGO Vespucci (1451-1512).
ANGLAE TERRA   (Country)   Late Roman
Late Latin form of ENGLAND (a translation, meaning "land of the Angles").
ANGLETERRE   (Country)   French
French form of ANGLAE TERRA, used as the French name of England.
ANGLIA   (Country & Region)   Late Roman
Late Latin form of ENGLAND (and also of ANGEL).
AUSTRALIA   (Region & Country)   English
Derived from Latin australis meaning "southern".
BALGARIYA   (Country)   Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of BULGARIA.
BOLGARIYA   (Country)   Russian
Russian form of BULGARIA.
BOLÍVIA   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of BOLIVIA.
BOLIVIA   (Country)   Spanish, English, Italian
From the surname BOLÍVAR, in honour of the revolutionary Simón Bolívar. This is the name of a country in South America.
BOLIVIE   (Country)   French
French form of BOLIVIA.
BOLIVIEN   (Country)   German
German form of BOLIVIA.
BRASIL   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of BRAZIL.
BRASILE   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of BRAZIL.
BRASILIEN   (Country)   German
German form of BRAZIL.
BRAZIL   (Country)   English
From the name of a type of tree, called pau-brasil in Portuguese (brazilwood in English). It may ultimately derive from Portuguese brasa meaning "ember". This is the name of a country in South America.
BRAZILIË   (Country)   Dutch
Dutch form of BRAZIL.
BRÉSIL   (Country)   French
French form of BRAZIL.
BULGARIA   (Country)   Late Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
From the name of the Turkic tribe of the Bulgars, possibly from a Turkic root meaning "mixed". This is the name of a country in southeastern Europe.
BULGARIE   (Country)   French
French form of BULGARIA.
BULGARIEN   (Country)   German
German form of BULGARIA.
CANADA   (Country)   English
Derived from the Iroquoian word kanata meaning "village". This word was used by Native Americans to direct explorer Jacques Cartier to Stadacona. Cartier used the word to refer to the region.
CECHIA   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of ČECHY, used as a name for the Czech Republic.
ČESKO   (Country)   Czech, Slovak
From the name of the Slavic tribe of the Czechs (see ČECHY). This is the Czech name for the Czech Republic.
ČESKOSLOVENSKO   (Country)   Czech, Slovak
Czech and Slovak form of CZECHOSLOVAKIA.
CHAOXIAN   (Country)   Chinese
Chinese form of JOSEON, used in mainland China to refer to Korea.
CHIN   (Country)   Persian
Persian form of CHINA.
CHINA   (Country)   English, German, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese
From Persian چین (Chin), probably derived via Sanskrit from Qin, the name of a dynasty that ruled in China in the 3rd century BC. In China the name Zhongguo is used to refer to the country.
CHINE   (Country)   French
French form of CHINA.
CHOSUN   (Region & Country)   Korean
Variant transcription of JOSEON.
CHUUGOKU   (Country)   Japanese
Japanese form of ZHONGGUO.
CINA   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of CHINA.
COREA   (Country)   Italian, Spanish, Late Roman
Italian and Spanish form of KOREA, as well as the Latin form.
CORÉE   (Country)   French
French form of KOREA.
CSEHORSZÁG   (Country)   Hungarian
Hungarian form of ČECHY, used to refer both to the region of Bohemia and the larger Czech Republic.
CZECHIA   (Country)   English
English form of ČECHY (via Polish Czechy), used as an alternative name for the Czech Republic (and not as a name for Bohemia).
CZECHOSLOVAKIA   (Country)   English
Combination of CZECHIA and SLOVAKIA. This was the name of a country that existed between 1918 and 1993, at which time it split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
CZECHY   (Region & Country)   Polish
Polish form of ČECHY, used to refer both to the region of Bohemia and the larger Czech Republic.
DAEHAN   (Country)   Korean
From Sino-Korean (dae) meaning "big, great" and (han) meaning "Korea". This is the official Korean name for South Korea.
DEUTSCHLAND   (Country)   German
Derived from the German deutsch meaning "German" (ultimately from Germanic þeudo "people") and Land. This is the German endonym for Germany.
DUITSLAND   (Country)   Dutch
Dutch form of DEUTSCHLAND.
ÉIRE   (Country & Island)   Irish
Possibly means "abundant land" in Old Irish. This is the Irish name of the country and island of Ireland. According to legend the island was named for the goddess ÉRIU, though in fact it was she who was named for the island.
ELLADA   (Country)   Greek
Modern Greek form of Ancient Greek ‘Ελλαδα (Hellada), derived from ‘Ελλην (Hellen) "Greek", which is of uncertain origin. This is the Greek endonym for Greece.
ENGLALAND   (Country)   Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of ENGLAND.
ENGLAND   (Country)   English, German
From Old English Englaland meaning "land of the Angles", the Angles being one of the Germanic tribes that settled in the area in the post-Roman period.
ERAN   (Country)   Ancient Persian
Middle Persian form of IRAN.
ÉRIU   (Country & Island)   Ancient Irish
Old Irish form of ÉIRE.
ESLOVAQUIA   (Country)   Spanish
Spanish form of SLOVAKIA.
ESPAGNE   (Country)   French
French form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
ESPAÑA   (Country)   Spanish
Spanish form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
FARIS   (Country)   Arabic
Arabic form of PERSIA.
FRANCE   (Country)   French, English
From Latin Francia meaning "land of the Franks". The Franks were the Germanic tribe who settled in the region in the 3rd century. They derived their tribal name from the name of a type of spear that they used.
FRANCIA   (Country)   Late Roman, Italian, Spanish
Latin form of FRANCE.
FRANKREICH   (Country)   German
Derived from German Frank, the name of a Germanic tribe, and Reich meaning "empire, realm". This is the German name for France.
GERMANIA   (Country)   Ancient Roman, Italian
Latin and Italian form of GERMANY.
GERMANY   (Country)   English
From Latin Germania, first attested in the writings of Julius Caesar, used to refer to the areas east of the Rhine and north of the Danube. The origin of the term is uncertain. This is an English exonym corresponding to German Deutschland.
GIAPPONE   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of JAPAN.
GRAECIA   (Country)   Ancient Roman
Latin form of GREECE.
GRÉCIA   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of Graecia (see GREECE).
GRECIA   (Country)   Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of Graecia (see GREECE).
GREECE   (Country)   English
English form of Latin Graecia, the name used by the Romans for the land of the Greeks, derived from Greek Γραικος (Graikos), which is of uncertain origin. It is possibly derived from the city of Graia in Boeotia.
HELLADA   (Country)   Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of ELLADA.
HISPANIA   (Country)   Ancient Roman
Latin form of SPAIN, referring originally to the entire Iberian Peninsula.
HONGRIE   (Country)   French
French form of HUNGARY.
HUNGARIA   (Country)   Late Roman
Latin form of HUNGARY.
HUNGARY   (Country)   English
From Latin Hungaria, derived from Byzantine Greek Ουγγροι (Oungroi), from Turkic Onogur meaning "ten tribes". This is the name of a country in eastern Europe which was settled by the Hungarians in the 9th century. Because they were identified with the Huns, the H was added to the beginning of their Latin name. The Hungarian name for the country is Magyarország.
HUNGRÍA   (Country)   Spanish
Spanish form of HUNGARY.
HUNGRIA   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of HUNGARY.
INDIA   (Country)   English
Derived from the name of the INDUS River.
INGHILTERRA   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of ANGLAE TERRA, used as the Italian name of England.
INGLATERRA   (Country)   Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of ANGLAE TERRA, used for England.
IRÃ   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of IRAN.
IRÁN   (Country)   Spanish
Spanish form of IRAN.
IRAN   (Country)   Persian, Arabic, English, French, German, Italian
Derived from Middle Persian Eran, related to Old Iranian Arya meaning "Iranian, Aryan". This is the name of a country in western Asia, formerly called Persia in the West.
IRELAND   (Country & Island)   English
Derived from Irish Gaelic ÉIRE and English land.
ISRAEL   (Country)   English, Biblical
From the name of the Old Testament hero Jacob, who was also called ISRAEL.
ITÁLIA   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of ITALY.
ITALIA   (Country)   Italian, Spanish, Ancient Roman
Italian, Spanish and Latin form of ITALY.
ITALIE   (Country)   French
French form of ITALY.
ITALIEN   (Country)   Italian
German form of ITALY.
ITALY   (Country)   English
Anglicized form of Italia, originally applied by the Greeks to the south of the Italian Peninsula. It may have been borrowed from Oscan Víteliú possibly meaning "land of bulls". According to Roman mythology, the region was named for ITALUS, though in fact it was he who was named for the region.
JAPAN   (Country)   English, German
From Portuguese Japão, which was derived from a Malay form of Riben, the Chinese reading of NIPPON.
JAPÃO   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of JAPAN.
JAPÓN   (Country)   Spanish
Spanish form of JAPAN.
JORDAN   (River & Country)   English, Biblical
River which flows between the countries of Jordan and Israel. The river's name in Hebrew is יַרְדֵן (Yarden), and it is derived from יָרַד (yarad) meaning "descend" or "flow down". The river has lent its name to the country to the east.
JOSEON   (Region & Country)   Korean
This was the name of two kingdoms in the history of Korea. The first was conquered by the Han Empire in the 2nd century BC. The second ruled Korea from the 14th century until the 19th century. The name of these kingdoms was written using the Sino-Korean characters (jo) meaning "dynasty" and (seon) meaning "new", though the actual origin is assumed to be Korean. This name is now used in North Korea to refer to the country of North Korea.
JUNGGUK   (Country)   Korean
Korean form of ZHONGGUO.
KENYA   (Country & Mountain)   English
The country is named for Mount Kenya, which in the Kikuyu language is called Kere Nyaga meaning "mountain of whiteness".
KOREA   (Country)   English, German, Dutch
From medieval Latin Corea, itself derived from GORYEO, the name of a kingdom which ruled most of the Korean Peninsula from the 10th to 14th centuries. This is the name of two countries, North and South Korea. Hanguk and Joseon are the Korean names for the countries.
MAGYARORSZÁG   (Country)   Hungarian
Hungarian name for the country of HUNGARY, derived from magyar meaning "Hungarian" and ország meaning "country". Magyar itself is derived from a combination of two Uralic roots both meaning "man".
NÍGER   (River & Country)   Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of NIGER.
NIGER   (River & Country)   English, French, Italian, German, Late Roman
Meaning unknown, possibly of Berber origin, though influenced by Latin niger "black". This is the name of a river in western Africa (and a country which is named after it).
NIGÉRIA   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of NIGERIA.
NIGERIA   (Country)   English, French, Italian, Spanish, German
From the name of the NIGER River, applied in the 19th century to the British colonial territory in western Africa. It continued to be used after the territory became an independent country in 1960.
NIHON   (Country)   Japanese
Alternate reading of NIPPON.
NIPPON   (Country)   Japanese
Means "origin of the sun, sunrise", from Sino-Japanese (nichi) meaning "sun" and (hon) meaning "root, origin". This is the Japanese name for Japan.
PARSA   (Country)   Ancient Persian
Old Persian form of PERSIA.
PERSE   (Country)   French
French form of PERSIA.
PÉRSIA   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of PERSIA.
PERSIA   (Country)   Ancient Roman, English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese
Latin form of Greek Περσις (Persis), from Old Persian Parsa. This is the name used in the West for a region in western Asia, as well as several empires which were based there, including the Achaemenid Empire, Parthian Empire, and Sasanian Empire. This was also the Western name for the country of Iran until 1935, when the king requested that the native name Iran be used instead.
PERSIEN   (Country)   German
German form of PERSIA.
PERSIS   (Country)   Ancient Greek
Greek form of PERSIA.
PERZIË   (Country)   Dutch
Dutch form of PERSIA.
PORTOGALLO   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of PORTUGAL.
PORTUGAL   (Country)   Portuguese, English, French, German, Spanish
From Portugale, which was derived from PORTUS CALE, the old name of the city of Porto. The name of the city was later applied to the entire country.
RIBEN   (Country)   Chinese
Chinese form of NIPPON.
ROSJA   (Country)   Polish
Polish form of RUSSIA.
ROSSIYA   (Country)   Russian
Russian form of RUSSIA.
RUSIA   (Country)   Spanish
Spanish form of RUSSIA.
RUSLAND   (Country)   Dutch
Dutch cognate of RUSSLAND.
RÚSSIA   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of RUSSIA.
RUSSIA   (Country)   English, Italian, Late Roman
Derived from the medieval state of RUS, now applied to a much larger area of Europe and Asia.
RUSSLAND   (Country)   German
Derived from the medieval state of RUS and land meaning "country, state". This is the German name for Russia.
SCOTLAND   (Country)   English
Means "land of the Scots", from Latin Scoti meaning "Gaelic speaker".
SLOVAKIA   (Country)   English
From Slovak, the Slovak form of the medieval Slavic slovene, referring to the tribe of the Slavs. This is the name of a country in central Europe.
SLOVAQUIE   (Country)   French
French form of SLOVAKIA.
SLOVENIA   (Country)   English
From Slovene, the language of the Slovenes, derived from the medieval Slavic tribal name slovene meaning "Slavs". This is the name of a country in central Europe.
SLOVENIJA   (Country)   Slovene
From medieval Slavic slovene referring to the tribe of the Slavs. This is the Slovene name for Slovenia.
SLOVENSKO   (Country)   Slovak, Czech
From medieval Slavic slovene referring to the tribe of the Slavs. This is the Slovak name for Slovakia.
SLOWAKEI   (Country)   German
German form of SLOVAKIA.
SPAIN   (Country)   English
Derived from Hispania, the Latin name of the Iberian Peninsula, which is of uncertain origin. It could be derived from Punic I-Shaphan meaning "land of the rabbits".
SPANIEN   (Country)   German
German form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
TCHÉCOSLOVAQUIE   (Country)   French
French form of CZECHOSLOVAKIA.
TCHÉQUIE   (Country)   French
French form of ČECHY, used as a name for the Czech Republic.
TSCHECHIEN   (Country)   German
German form of ČECHY, used as a name for the Czech Republic.
TSCHECHOSLOWAKEI   (Country)   German
German form of CZECHOSLOVAKIA.
TURCHIA   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of Turcia (see TURKEY).
TURCIA   (Country)   Late Roman
Latin form of TURKEY.
TÜRKEI   (Country)   German
German form of Turcia (see TURKEY).
TURKEY   (Country)   English
From Latin Turcia, derived from the ethnonym Turk, which is from Old Turkic possibly meaning "ancestry". This is the name of a country situated on the Anatolian peninsula.
TÜRKİYE   (Country)   Turkish
Turkish form of TURKEY.
TURKIYYA   (Country)   Arabic
Arabic form of TURKEY.
TURQUÍA   (Country)   Spanish
Spanish form of Turcia (see TURKEY).
TURQUIA   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of Turcia (see TURKEY).
TURQUIE   (Country)   French
French form of Turcia (see TURKEY).
TYSKLAND   (Country)   Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Swedish, Norwegian and Danish form of DEUTSCHLAND.
UNGARN   (Country)   German
German form of HUNGARY.
UNGHERIA   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of HUNGARY.
VENGRIYA   (Country)   Russian
Russian form of HUNGARY.
VIỆT NAM   (Country)   Vietnamese
Vietnamese form of VIETNAM.
VIETNAM   (Country)   English, French, German, Dutch, Italian, Spanish
From Việt Nam, meaning "southern Yue", derived from Sino-Vietnamese (việt), referring to the Yue people, and (nam) "south". This is the name of a country in southeastern Asia.
VIETNAME   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of VIETNAM.
WĘGRY   (Country)   Polish
Polish form of HUNGARY.
YAMATO   (Country)   Japanese
Possibly related to Japanese (yama) meaning "mountain". This was the old name for the area around the city of Nara, though it was later applied to the entire country of Japan. Chinese scribes originally wrote this name using the character meaning "short". However, this was revised to the more favourable meaning "harmony" in the 8th century. The prefixed character means "great".
YISRA'EL   (Country)   Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ISRAEL.
YUENAN   (Country)   Chinese
Chinese form of VIETNAM.
ZHONGGUO   (Country)   Chinese
Means "middle kingdom", from Chinese (zhōng) meaning "middle" and (guó) meaning "country, state". This is the Chinese name for China. The name originally referred to China's central regions, as opposed to the territory on the fringes.
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