Country Place Names

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AEGYPTUS (Country) Ancient Roman
Latin form of EGYPT.
AFEGANISTÃO (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of AFGHANISTAN.
AFGANISTÁN (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of AFGHANISTAN.
AFGANISTAN (Country) Russian, Croatian, Serbian, Polish
Russian, Croatian, Serbian and Polish form of AFGHANISTAN.
AFGHANESTAN (Country) Persian
Persian form of AFGHANISTAN.
AFGHANISTAN (Country) Pashto, Arabic, Urdu, Indian, Hindi, English, German, Dutch, French, Italian
From Pashto افغانستان (Afghanistan), from the Persian ethnic name افغان (Afkhan) meaning "Afghan, Pashtun" combined with the Persian suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". This is the name of a country in central Asia.
ÄGYPTEN (Country) German
German form of EGYPT.
AIGYPTOS (Country) Greek, Ancient Greek
Greek form of EGYPT.
AITHIOPIA (Country) Ancient Greek
Greek form of ETHIOPIA.
ALANKOMAAT (Country) Finnish
From Finnish alanko "lowland" and maat "lands". This is the Finnish name for the Netherlands (for which it is also a translation).
ALBANIA (Region & Country) Late Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
Medieval Latin name for the region that was once occupied by the Illyrian tribe called Albanoi. This is the name of a country in the Balkans.
ALBANIE (Country) French
French form of ALBANIA.
ALBANIEN (Country) German, Swedish, Danish, Luxembourgish
German, Swedish, Danish and Luxembourgish form of ALBANIA.
ALBĀNIJA (Country) Latvian
Latvian form of ALBANIA.
ALBANIJA (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Slovene, Lithuanian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Slovene and Lithuanian form of ALBANIA.
ALEMANHA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of ALEMANNIA, used as the Portuguese name of Germany.
ALEMANIA (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of ALEMANNIA, used as the Spanish name of Germany.
ALGERIA (Country) English, Italian, Romanian
The name of a country in North Africa, named after its capital city ALGIERS.
ALGÉRIE (Country) French
French form of ALGERIA.
ALGERIEN (Country) German
German form of ALGERIA.
ALGERIJE (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of ALGERIA.
ALLEMAGNE (Country) French
French form of ALEMANNIA, used as the French name of Germany.
AMERICA (Region & Country) English, Italian, Romanian, Late Roman
From the name of the explorer AMERIGO Vespucci (1451-1512). This is the name of two continents (North and South America). As well, it is commonly used to refer to the United States of America.
AMERİKA (Region & Country) Turkish, Azerbaijani
Turkish and Azerbaijani form of AMERICA.
AMERIKA (Region & Country) German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Luxembourgish, Latvian, Lithuanian, Russian, Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Hungarian, Albanian, Georgian, Uzbek
Form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents and sometimes to the United States of America.
AMÉRIQUE (Region & Country) French
French form of AMERICA.
AMERYKA (Region & Country) Polish, Ukrainian
Polish and Ukrainian form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents and the United States of America.
AMRIKA (Region & Country) Arabic, Persian
Arabic and Persian form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents and the United States of America.
ANGLAE TERRA (Country) Late Roman
Late Latin form of ENGLAND (a translation, meaning "land of the Angles").
ANGLETERRE (Country) French
French form of ANGLAE TERRA, used as the French name of England.
ANGLIA (Country & Region) Late Roman, Polish, Hungarian, Romanian
Late Latin form of ENGLAND (and also of ANGEL).
ANGLIYA (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of ENGLAND.
ANGOLA (Country) Portuguese, English, Spanish, French, Italian, German, Dutch, Polish, Croatian, Serbian
Portuguese form of Ngola, the royal title of the kings of Ndongo, an African kingdom that was conquered by the Portuguese in the 17th-century. It was a Portuguese colony until 1975, when it became an independent country.
ARBËNIA (Country) Albanian (Archaic)
Albanian form of ALBANIA. This is no longer used as the official Albanian name of the country, which is now Shqipëri.
ARGÉLIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of ALGERIA.
ARGELIA (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of ALGERIA.
ARGENTINA (Country) Spanish, English, Portuguese, Italian, Russian, Czech, Croatian, Serbian, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
From Latin argentinus meaning "silvery", a derivative of argentum meaning "silver". This is the name of a country in South America, arising from a Latinized form of Spanish Río de la Plata meaning "river of silver".
ARGENTINE (Country) French
French form of ARGENTINA.
ARGENTINIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of ARGENTINA.
ARGENTINIEN (Country) German
German form of ARGENTINA.
ARGENTYNA (Country) Polish
Polish form of ARGENTINA.
ARMENIA (Country) English, Spanish, Italian, Romanian, Greek, Norwegian, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek, Ancient Persian
From Greek Αρμενια (Armenia), which was from Old Persian Armina, which is itself probably of Armenia origin. This is the name of a country in the Caucasus region, called Hayastan in Armenian.
ARMÉNIE (Country) French
French form of ARMENIA.
ARMENIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of ARMENIA.
ARMENIEN (Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of ARMENIA.
ARMĖNIJA (Country) Lithuanian
Lithuanian form of ARMENIA.
ARMĒNIJA (Country) Latvian
Latvian form of ARMENIA.
ARMENIJA (Country) Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene
Croatian, Bosnian and Slovene form of ARMENIA.
ARMENIYA (Country) Russian
Russian form of ARMENIA.
ÄTHIOPIEN (Country) German
German form of ETHIOPIA.
AUSTRÁLIA (Region & Country) Portuguese, Slovak
Portuguese and Slovak form of AUSTRALIA.
AUSTRALIA (Region & Country) English, Italian, Spanish, Norwegian, Finnish, Polish
Derived from Latin australis meaning "southern". It was formally adopted as the name of the continent (and later country) by the British administrators of the region in 1824.
AUSTRÁLIE (Region & Country) Czech
Czech form of AUSTRALIA.
AUSTRALIE (Region & Country) French
French form of AUSTRALIA.
AUSTRALIË (Region & Country) Dutch
Dutch form of AUSTRALIA.
AUSTRALIEN (Region & Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of AUSTRALIA.
AUSTRĀLIJA (Region & Country) Latvian
Latvian form of AUSTRALIA.
AUSTRALIJA (Region & Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Lithuanian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian and Lithuanian form of AUSTRALIA.
BALGARIYA (Country) Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of BULGARIA.
BAMA (Country) Burmese
Burmese variant of မြန်မာ (see MYANMAR).
BÉLARUS (Country) French
French form of BELARUS.
BELARÚS (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of BELARUS.
BELARUS (Country) Belarusian, Russian, English, Portuguese
Means "white Russia", from the Slavic root белъ (belu) meaning "white" and RUS. This is the name of a country in eastern Europe. Many languages use a translation of "white Russia" to refer to the country, for example German Weißrussland and Swedish Vitryssland.
BELARUS' (Country) Belarusian
Alternate transcription of Belarusian Беларусь (see BELARUS).
BELGIA (Country) Finnish, Romanian, Norwegian, Polish
Finnish, Romanian, Norwegian and Polish form of BELGIUM.
BÉLGICA (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of BELGIUM.
BELGICKO (Country) Slovak
Slovak form of BELGIUM.
BELGIE (Country) Czech
Czech form of BELGIUM.
BELGIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of BELGIUM.
BELGIEN (Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of BELGIUM.
BEĻĢIJA (Country) Latvian
Latvian form of BELGIUM.
BELGIJA (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian, Lithuanian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian and Lithuanian form of BELGIUM.
BELGIO (Country) Italian
Italian form of BELGIUM.
BELGIQUE (Country) French
French form of BELGIUM.
BELGIUM (Country) English
From Latin BELGICA, a province in the Roman Empire. Since 1830 this is the name of a country in western Europe. Dutch and French are the main spoken languages.
BELGIYA (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of BELGIUM.
BELICE (Country & River) Spanish
Spanish form of BELIZE.
BELIZE (Country & River) English, Italian, Portuguese, German, Dutch
From Spanish Belice, earlier Balis, from the name of the Belize River, which may itself be from Mayan beliz meaning "muddy water". This is the name of a country on the Atlantic coast of Central America.
BELORUSIJA (Country) Serbian
Serbian form of BELARUS.
BELORUSSIYA (Country) Russian
Russian variant of BELARUS.
BHARAT (Country) Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Gujarati, Assamese
From the name of the mythological king BHARATA. This is the endonym for India in many of the languages of northern India.
BHARATA (Country) Sanskrit
Sanskrit form of BHARAT.
BHAROT (Country) Bengali
Alternate transcription of Bengali ভারত (see BHARAT).
BIAŁORUŚ (Country) Polish
Polish form of BELARUS.
BIELORRÚSSIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese variant of BELARUS.
BIELORUSSIA (Country) Italian
Italian form of BELARUS.
BILORUS (Country) Ukrainian
Ukrainian form of BELARUS.
BIRMA (Country) German
German form of BURMA.
BIRMÂNIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of BURMA.
BIRMANIA (Country) Spanish, Italian
Spanish and Italian form of BURMA.
BIRMANIE (Country) French
French form of BURMA.
BJELORUSIJA (Country) Croatian
Croatian form of BELARUS.
BOLGARIYA (Country) Russian
Russian form of BULGARIA.
BOLÍVIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of BOLIVIA.
BOLIVIA (Country) Spanish, English, Italian, Dutch
From the surname BOLÍVAR, in honour of the revolutionary Simón Bolívar. This is the name of a country in South America.
BOLIVIE (Country) French
French form of BOLIVIA.
BOLIVIË (Country) Southern African, Afrikaans
Afrikaans form of BOLIVIA.
BOLIVIEN (Country) German
German form of BOLIVIA.
BOLĪVIJA (Country) Latvian
Latvian form of BOLIVIA.
BOLIVIJA (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian, Lithuanian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian and Lithuanian form of BOLIVIA.
BRASIL (Country) Portuguese, Spanish, Norwegian
Portuguese, Spanish and Norwegian form of BRAZIL.
BRASILE (Country) Italian
Italian form of BRAZIL.
BRASILIË (Country) Southern African, Afrikaans
Afrikaans form of BRAZIL.
BRASILIEN (Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of BRAZIL.
BRAZIL (Country) English, Croatian, Serbian
From the name of a type of tree, called pau-brasil in Portuguese (brazilwood in English). It may ultimately derive from Portuguese brasa meaning "ember". This is the name of a country in South America.
BRAZILIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of BRAZIL.
BRAZILIYA (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of BRAZIL.
BRÉSIL (Country) French
French form of BRAZIL.
BULGARIA (Country) Late Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
From the name of the Turkic tribe of the Bulgars, possibly from a Turkic root meaning "mixed". This is the name of a country in southeastern Europe.
BULGARIE (Country) French
French form of BULGARIA.
BULGARIEN (Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of BULGARIA.
BULGARIJE (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of BULGARIA.
BULGARYE (Country) Southern African, Afrikaans
Afrikaans form of BULGARIA.
BURMA (Country) English
From Burmese ဗမာ (Bama), a variant of မြန်မာ (see MYANMAR). This is an older name for Myanmar.
ČAD (Body of Water & Country) Czech, Slovak, Serbian, Croatian, Slovene
Czech, Slovak, Serbian, Croatian and Slovene form of تشاد (see CHAD).
CANADA (Country) English, French, Italian, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian
Derived from the Iroquoian word kanata meaning "village". This word was used by Native Americans to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to Stadacona. Cartier used the word to refer to the region.
CANADÁ (Country) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of CANADA.
CATHAY (Country) English
From Old Turkic Khitai, the name of a people who ruled northern China as the Liao dynasty from the 10th to 12th century, also called the Khitan people. This is an archaic English synonym for China.
CECHIA (Country) Italian
Italian form of ČECHY, used as a name for the Czech Republic.
ČESKO (Country) Czech, Slovak
From the name of the Slavic tribe of the Czechs (see ČECHY). This is the Czech name for the Czech Republic.
ČESKOSLOVENSKO (Country) Czech, Slovak
Czech and Slovak form of CZECHOSLOVAKIA.
CHAD (Body of Water & Country) English, Spanish
From Arabic تشاد (Tshad), derived from a Kanuri word meaning "lake, large expanse of water". This is the name of a lake in central Africa, as well as the country that is named after it. The lake also borders Niger, Nigeria and Cameroon.
CHADE (Body of Water & Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of CHAD.
CHAOXIAN (Country) Chinese
Chinese form of JOSEON, used in mainland China to refer to Korea.
CHIN (Country) Indian, Hindi, Persian
Hindi and Persian form of CHINA.
CHINA (Country) English, German, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Sanskrit
From Persian چین (Chin), probably derived via Sanskrit चीन (China) from Qin, the name of a dynasty that ruled in China in the 3rd century BC. In China the name Zhongguo is used to refer to the country.
CHINE (Country) French
French form of CHINA.
CHINY (Country) Polish
Polish form of CHINA.
CHIPRE (Island & Country) Spanish
Spanish form of CYPRUS.
CHOSUN (Region & Country) Korean
Alternate transcription of Korean Hangul 조선 (see JOSEON).
CHŪGOKU (Country & Region) Japanese
Japanese form of ZHONGGUO, used to refer to China. It is also the name of a region in western Japan.
CHUUGOKU (Country & Region) Japanese
Alternate transcription of Japanese Kanji 中国 (see CHŪGOKU).
CIAD (Body of Water & Country) Italian
Italian form of CHAD.
ÇİN (Country) Turkish
Turkish form of CHINA.
ČÍNA (Country) Czech, Slovak
Czech and Slovak form of CHINA.
CINA (Country) Italian
Italian form of CHINA.
CIPRO (Island & Country) Italian
Italian form of CYPRUS.
COLOMBIA (Country) Spanish, English, Italian
Variant of COLUMBIA, used as the name of a country in South America.
COLOMBIE (Country & Political Subdivision) French
French form of COLOMBIA and sometimes of COLUMBIA (for example Colombie-Britannique for British Columbia).
CONGO (River & Country) English, French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Danish
From Kongo, of uncertain origin, the name of a kingdom in central Africa that existed from the 14th to 19th century. The Congo River (also called the Zaire River) was named after the kingdom. Belgian and French colonies were established in the 19th century, named after the river, which eventually led to two African countries, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire) and the Republic of the Congo.
COREA (Country) Italian, Spanish, Late Roman
Italian and Spanish form of KOREA, as well as the Latin form.
CORÉE (Country) French
French form of KOREA.
COREEA (Country) Romanian
Romanian form of KOREA.
CROACIA (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of CROATIA.
CROATIA (Country) English, Late Roman
From Croatian Hrvatska, from medieval Slavic Khorvatu, of unknown meaning. This is the name of a country in the Balkan region of southeastern Europe.
CROATIE (Country) French
French form of CROATIA.
CROAZIA (Country) Italian
Italian form of CROATIA.
CSEHORSZÁG (Country) Hungarian
Hungarian form of ČECHY, used to refer both to the region of Bohemia and the larger Czech Republic.
CYPERN (Island & Country) Swedish, Danish
Swedish and Danish form of CYPRUS.
CYPRUS (Island & Country) English, Dutch
From Greek Κυπρος (Kypros), which may get its name from the cypress tree (Greek κυπαρισσος). This is the name of an island country in the eastern Mediterranean. Although considered one nation by most other countries, the northern part of the island is occupied by Turkish forces and claims independence.
CZAD (Body of Water & Country) Polish
Polish form of CHAD.
CZECHIA (Country) English
English form of ČECHY (via Polish Czechy), used as an alternative name for the Czech Republic (and not as a name for Bohemia).
CZECHOSLOVAKIA (Country) English
Combination of CZECHIA and SLOVAKIA. This was the name of a country that existed between 1918 and 1993, at which time it split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
CZECHY (Region & Country) Polish
Polish form of ČECHY, used to refer both to the region of Bohemia and the larger Czech Republic.
DAEHAN (Country) Korean
From Sino-Korean (dae) meaning "big, great" and (han) meaning "Korea". This is the official Korean name for South Korea.
DÄITSCHLAND (Country) Luxembourgish
Luxembourgish form of DEUTSCHLAND.
DÄNEMARK (Country) German
German form of DENMARK.
DANEMARK (Country) French
French form of DENMARK.
DANIMARCA (Country) Italian
Italian form of DENMARK.
DANMARK (Country) Danish, Swedish, Norwegian
Danish, Swedish and Norwegian form of DENMARK.
DANMÖRK (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of DENMARK.
DANMǪRK (Country) Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse form of DENMARK.
DANSKA (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Slovene
Serbian, Croatian and Slovene form of DENMARK.
DENEMARKE (Country) Southern African, Afrikaans
Afrikaans form of DENMARK.
DENEMARKEN (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of DENMARK.
DENMARK (Country) English
From Danish Danmark, derived from the ethnic name Dane, which is possibly from Germanic den meaning "low ground", combined with mark meaning "borderland". This is the name of a country in northern Europe.
DEUTSCHLAND (Country) German
Derived from the German deutsch meaning "German" (ultimately from Germanic þeudo "people") and Land. This is the German endonym for Germany.
DINAMARCA (Country) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of DENMARK.
DUITSLAND (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of DEUTSCHLAND.
ÉCOSSE (Country) French
French form of SCOTLAND.
EESTI (Country) Estonian
Estonian form of ESTONIA.
EGIPAT (Country) Serbian, Croatian
Serbian and Croatian form of EGYPT.
EGIPT (Country) Polish
Polish form of EGYPT.
EGIPTE (Country) Southern African, Afrikaans
Afrikaans form of EGYPT.
EGIPTO (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of EGYPT.
EGITO (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of EGYPT.
EGITTO (Country) Italian
Italian form of EGYPT.
EGYPT (Country) English
From Latin Aegyptus, itself from Greek Αιγυπτος (Aigyptos), which was probably derived from Egyptian hut-ka-Ptah, the name of the temple to the god Ptah in Memphis, meaning "the house of the soul of Ptah". Descendants of the Latin name are used in most European languages to refer to the ancient kingdom and modern country of Egypt. However, the name the ancient Egyptians used to refer to the Nile Valley was Kemet, and the Arabic speakers of modern Egypt call it Masr.
ÉGYPTE (Country) French
French form of EGYPT.
EGYPTE (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of EGYPT.
ÉIRE (Country & Island) Irish
Possibly means "abundant land" in Old Irish. This is the Irish name of the country and island of Ireland. According to legend the island was named for the goddess ÉRIU, though in fact it was she who was named for the island.
ELLADA (Country) Greek
Modern Greek form of Ancient Greek ‘Ελλαδα (Hellada), derived from ‘Ελλην (Hellen) meaning "Greek", which is of uncertain origin. This is the Greek endonym for Greece.
ENGELAND (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of ENGLAND.
ENGLALAND (Country) Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of ENGLAND.
ENGLAND (Country) English, German, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian
From Old English Englaland meaning "land of the Angles", the Angles being one of the Germanic tribes that settled in the area in the post-Roman period.
ERAGH (Country) Persian
Persian form of IRAQ.
ERAN (Country) Ancient Persian
Middle Persian form of IRAN.
ÉRIU (Country & Island) Ancient Irish
Old Irish form of ÉIRE.
ESCÓCIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of SCOTLAND.
ESCOCIA (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of SCOTLAND.
ESLOVAQUIA (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of SLOVAKIA.
ESPAGNE (Country) French
French form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
ESPAINIA (Country) Basque
Basque form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
ESPAÑA (Country) Spanish, Galician
Spanish and Galician form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
ESPANJA (Country) Finnish
Finnish form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
ESPANYA (Country) Catalan
Catalan form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
ESTIJA (Country) Lithuanian
Lithuanian form of ESTONIA.
ESTLAND (Country) German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
German, Dutch and Scandinavian form of ESTONIA.
ESTONIA (Country) English, Italian, Spanish, Late Roman
From Estonian eesti meaning "Estonian", a word borrowed from Low German in the 17th century. It is of uncertain origin. It could be from a Germanic rendering of the Baltic tribe of the Aesti, mentioned by the Roman historian Tacitus.
ESTONIJA (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene and Macedonian form of ESTONIA.
ESTONIYA (Country) Russian, Ukrainian
Russian and Ukrainian form of ESTONIA.
ETHIOPIA (Country) English
From Greek Αιθιοπια (Aithiopia), derived from αιθω (aitho) meaning "to burn" and ωψ (ops) meaning "face", referring to the skin colour of the inhabitants. This is the name of a country in eastern Africa.
ÉTHIOPIE (Country) French
French form of Αιθιοπια (see ETHIOPIA).
ETHIOPIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of Αιθιοπια (see ETHIOPIA).
ETIÓPIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Αιθιοπια (see ETHIOPIA).
ETIOPÍA (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of Αιθιοπια (see ETHIOPIA).
ETIOPIA (Country) Italian, Polish, Norwegian
Italian, Polish and Norwegian form of Αιθιοπια (see ETHIOPIA).
ETIOPIEN (Country) Swedish, Danish
Swedish and Danish form of Αιθιοπια (see ETHIOPIA).
ETIOPIJA (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Slovene, Macedonian, Lithuanian, Latvian
Serbian, Croatian, Slovene, Macedonian, Lithuanian and Latvian form of Αιθιοπια (see ETHIOPIA).
FARANSA (Country) Arabic
Arabic form of FRANCE.
FARIS (Country) Arabic
Arabic form of PERSIA.
FIDJI (Country) French
French form of FIJI.
FIDSCHI (Country) German
German form of FIJI.
FIGI (Country) Italian
Italian form of FIJI.
FIJI (Country) English, Portuguese, Indian, Hindi
English form of Fijian Viti, of unknown meaning, the name of the largest island (called Viti Levu meaning "great Viti") of the archipelago. The change from Viti to Fiji is reportedly explained by the fact that the British (on an 18th-century expedition of James Cook) first heard it pronounced this way by the neighbouring Tongans.
FINLAND (Country) English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch
From Old Norse Finnr, which referred to the Finn and Sami peoples, combined with land. This is the name of a country in northern Europe, called Suomi in Finnish.
FINLANDE (Country) French
French form of Finnland (see FINLAND).
FINLÂNDIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Finnland (see FINLAND).
FINLANDIA (Country) Spanish, Italian, Polish
Spanish, Italian and Polish form of Finnland (see FINLAND).
FINNLAND (Country) Ancient Scandinavian, German
Old Norse and German form of FINLAND.
FINSKA (Country) Croatian, Serbian, Slovene, Macedonian
Croatian, Serbian, Slovene and Macedonian form of FINLAND.
FINSKO (Country) Czech
Czech form of FINLAND.
FIYI (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of FIJI.
FRANÇA (Country) Portuguese, Catalan
Portuguese and Catalan form of FRANCE.
FRANCE (Country) French, English
From Latin Francia meaning "land of the Franks". The Franks were the Germanic tribe who settled in the region in the 3rd century. They derived their tribal name from the name of a type of spear that they used.
FRANCIA (Country) Late Roman, Italian, Spanish
Latin form of FRANCE.
FRANCIE (Country) Czech
Czech form of FRANCE.
FRANCJA (Country) Polish
Polish form of FRANCE.
FRANCUSKA (Country) Croatian, Serbian
Croatian and Serbian form of FRANCE.
FRANKREICH (Country) German
Derived from German Frank, the name of a Germanic tribe, and Reich meaning "empire, realm". This is the German name for France.
FRANKRIG (Country) Danish
Danish cognate of FRANKREICH. This is the Danish name for France.
FRANKRIJK (Country) Dutch
Dutch cognate of FRANKREICH. This is the Dutch name for France.
FRANKRIKE (Country) Swedish, Norwegian
Swedish and Norwegian cognate of FRANKREICH. This is the Swedish name for France.
FRANKRYK (Country) Southern African, Afrikaans
Afrikaans form of FRANKRIJK.
FRANȚA (Country) Romanian
Romanian form of FRANCE.
FRANTSIYA (Country) Russian
Russian form of FRANCE.
GEÓRGIA (Country & Political Subdivision) Portuguese
Portuguese form of GEORGIA (1) or GEORGIA (2).
GEORGIA (1) (Country) English, Italian, Spanish, Norwegian, Finnish, Late Roman
Possibly of Persian origin, maybe from Middle Persian gurg meaning "wolf". In Europe the name was long explained as derived from the given name George. This is the name of a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. It is called Sakartvelo in Georgian.
GEORGIA (2) (Political Subdivision & Country) English, Spanish, Italian, German, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, Finnish, Dutch
From the given name GEORGE, named in honour of the British king George II. This was the name of an American colony, later a state.
GÉORGIE (Country & Political Subdivision) French
French form of GEORGIA (1) or GEORGIA (2).
GEORGIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of GEORGIA (1).
GEORGIEN (Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of GEORGIA (1).
GERMANIA (Country) Ancient Roman, Italian, Romanian
Latin, Italian and Romanian form of GERMANY.
GERMANIYA (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of Germania (see GERMANY).
GERMANY (Country) English
From Latin Germania, first attested in the writings of Julius Caesar, used to refer to the areas east of the Rhine and north of the Danube. The origin of the term is uncertain. This is an English exonym corresponding to German Deutschland.
GHANA (Country) English, French, German, Dutch, Italian, Spanish, Polish, Czech, Slovak
From the name of the Ghana Empire, which was located in the southwestern Sahara and existed up to the 13th century. Ghana, meaning "warrior" in Mande, was actually the title of the rulers, while the empire itself was more properly known as Awkar. In 1957 this was adopted as the name of the newly independent country of Ghana, formerly the British colony Gold Coast, despite the fact that the country lies outside the empire's territory.
GIAPPONE (Country) Italian
Italian form of JAPAN.
GIORDANIA (Country) Italian
Italian form of JORDAN (the country).
GORJ (Country) Persian (Archaic)
Archaic Persian name of GEORGIA (1), possibly from Middle Persian gurg meaning "wolf".
GORJESTAN (Country) Persian
From Persian گرج (Gorj) meaning "Georgia (the country)" combined with the suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". This is the modern Persian name for the country of Georgia.
GRAECIA (Country) Ancient Roman
Latin form of GREECE.
GRÉCIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Graecia (see GREECE).
GRECIA (Country) Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of Graecia (see GREECE).
GREECE (Country) English
English form of Latin Graecia, the name used by the Romans for the land of the Greeks, derived from Greek Γραικος (Graikos), which is of uncertain origin. It is possibly derived from the city of Graia in Boeotia.
GRUZIYA (Country) Russian
Russian form of GORJ. This is the Russian name for the country of Georgia.
GUINÉ (Region, Country & Island) Portuguese
Portuguese form of GUINEA.
GUINEA (Region, Country & Island) English, Italian, Spanish, German
From Portuguese Guiné, which is of unknown meaning, possibly of Berber origin. This name was used by the Portuguese to refer to a portion of western Africa. It was also applied by westerners to the island of New Guinea starting in the 16th century. It is now the name or part of the full name of the countries of Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Equatorial Guinea and Papua New Guinea.
GUINÉE (Region, Country & Island) French
French form of GUINEA.
GUINEE (Region, Country & Island) Dutch
Dutch form of GUINEA.
HAYASTAN (Country) Armenian
From the Armenian word հայ (hay) meaning "Armenian" combined with the Persian suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". This is the Armenian name for Armenia.
HAYK (Country) Armenian (Archaic)
From the Armenian word հայ (hay) meaning "Armenian", of uncertain ultimate origin. Some theories claim it is from the name of the Armenian hero HAYK, though it is more likely that they simply derive from the same source. This is an archaic Armenian name for Armenia; the modern name is Հայաստան (Hayastan).
HELLADA (Country) Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of ELLADA.
HEND (Country) Persian
Persian form of INDIA.
HENDUSTAN (Country) Persian
Extended form of هند (Hend), the Persian form of INDIA.
HIND (Country) Arabic
Arabic form of INDIA, usually written with the definite article: الهند (al-Hind).
HINDUSTAN (Country) English (Archaic)
Archaic English name for INDIA, of Persian origin.
HISPANIA (Country) Ancient Roman
Latin form of SPAIN, referring originally to the entire Iberian Peninsula.
HISZPANIA (Country) Polish
Polish form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
HOLANDIA (Country) Polish
Polish form of HOLLAND (1), referring to the entire country of the Netherlands.
HOLANDIJA (Country) Serbian
Serbian form of HOLLAND (1), referring to the entire country of the Netherlands.
HOLANDIYA (Country) Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of HOLLAND (1), referring to the provinces and sometimes the entire country.
HOLLAND (1) (Political Subdivision & Country) Dutch, English, German
From Old Dutch holt "forest" and lant "land". This is the name of two provinces (North and South Holland) in the Netherlands. It is sometimes used to refer to the entire country of the Netherlands.
HOLLANDA (Country) Turkish
Turkish form of HOLLAND (1), referring to the entire country of the Netherlands.
HOLLANDE (Political Subdivision & Country) French
French form of HOLLAND (1), referring to the provinces and sometimes the entire country.
HONGARIJE (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of HUNGARY.
HONGARYE (Country) Southern African, Afrikaans
Afrikaans form of HUNGARY.
HONGRIE (Country) French
French form of HUNGARY.
HRVAŠKA (Country) Slovene
Slovene form of CROATIA.
HRVATSKA (Country) Croatian, Serbian
Croatian and Serbian form of CROATIA.
HUNGARIA (Country) Late Roman
Latin form of HUNGARY.
HUNGARY (Country) English
From Latin Hungaria, derived from Byzantine Greek Ουγγροι (Oungroi), from Turkic Onogur meaning "ten tribes". This is the name of a country in eastern Europe that was settled by the Hungarians in the 9th century. Because they were identified with the Huns, the H was added to the beginning of their Latin name. The Hungarian name for the country is Magyarország.
HUNGRÍA (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of HUNGARY.
HUNGRIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of HUNGARY.
HVIDERUSLAND (Country) Danish
Means "white Russia", a Danish calque of BELARUS.
HVITERUSSLAND (Country) Norwegian
Means "white Russia", a Norwegian calque of BELARUS.
IERLAND (Country & Island) Dutch
Dutch form of IRELAND.
IGAUNIJA (Country) Latvian
From Latvian igaunis meaning "Estonian", derived from the name of the old region of Ugandi in southern Estonia. This is the Latvian name of Estonia.
INDE (Country) French
French form of INDIA.
ÍNDIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of INDIA.
INDIA (Country) English, Italian, Spanish, Dutch, Norwegian, Romanian, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
Derived from the name of the INDUS River. This is an exonym. In many languages of India, the name Bharat is used to refer to the country.
INDIE (Country) Polish, Czech
Polish and Czech form of INDIA.
INDIEN (Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of INDIA.
INDIJA (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian, Latvian, Lithuanian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian, Latvian and Lithuanian form of INDIA.
INDIYA (Country) Indian, Telugu, Russian, Bulgarian
Telugu, Russian and Bulgarian form of INDIA.
INDO (Country) Japanese
Japanese form of INDIA. It is usually written in the katakana writing system.
INDONÉSIA (Country) Indonesian, Javanese, Sundanese, Portuguese
Javanese, Sundanese and Portuguese form of INDONESIA.
INDONESIA (Country) Indonesian, Malay, Buginese, Minangkabau, English, Italian, Spanish, Norwegian, Finnish, Late Greek
From Greek Ινδος (Indos), referring to the INDUS, combined with νησος (nesos) meaning "island". This name has been used since the 18th century by colonial powers to refer to the Indonesian archipelago and since 1945 to refer to the independent nation.
INDONESIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of INDONESIA.
INDONESIEN (Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of INDONESIA.
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