Country Place Names

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SOEDAN(Country)Dutch
Dutch form of SUDAN.
SOUDAN(Country)French
French form of SUDAN.
SPAGNA(Country)Italian
Italian form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
SPAIN(Country)English
Derived from Hispania, the Latin name of the Iberian Peninsula, which is of uncertain origin. It could be derived from Punic I-Shaphan meaning "land of the rabbits".
SPANIEN(Country)German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
SPANJE(Country)Dutch
Dutch form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
SUDÁN(Country)Spanish
Spanish form of SUDAN.
SUDAN(Country)English, Arabic, German, Italian
From Arabic سُود (sud) meaning "black", referring to the darker skin of the inhabitants. This is the name of a country in Africa. In Arabic it is properly written with the definite article: السُودان (al-Sudan).
SUDÃO(Country)Portuguese
Portuguese form of SUDAN.
SUÉCIA(Country)Portuguese
Portuguese form of SWEDEN.
SUECIA(Country)Spanish, Late Roman
Spanish and Latin form of SWEDEN.
SUÈDE(Country)French
French form of SWEDEN.
SUISSE(Country)French
French cognate of SCHWEIZ.
SUIZA(Country)Spanish
Spanish cognate of SCHWEIZ.
SUOMI(Country)Finnish
Possibly from the Balto-Slavic root zeme meaning "ground, earth". This is the Finnish name for Finland.
SURIYA(Country)Arabic
Arabic form of SYRIA.
SURİYE(Political Subdivision & Country)Turkish
Turkish form of SYRIA. This was the name of a province of the Ottoman Empire.
SURYAH(Country)Hebrew
Hebrew form of SYRIA.
SVERIGE(Country)Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
From Swedish svear "Swede" and rike "realm, kingdom". This is the Swedish, Norwegian and Danish name for Sweden.
SVEZIA(Country)Italian
Italian form of SWEDEN.
SVIZZERA(Country)Italian
Italian cognate of SCHWEIZ.
SWEDEN(Country)English
From Middle Dutch Zweden, ultimately from the Old Norse ethnic name Svíar "Swede", itself possibly from Proto-Norse Swihoniz meaning "one's own tribe". This is the name of a country in northern Europe.
SWITZERLAND(Country)English
From Switzer, a word meaning "Swiss", ultimately derived from the name of the Swiss town and canton of SCHWYZ, plus land. This is the name of a country in central Europe.
SYRIA(Country & Region)English, Polish, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
From Greek Συρια (Syria), which was probably a variant of ASSYRIA, used in an expanded sense to refer to the northern Levant. This was the name of a province of the Roman Empire. It is now the name of a country in western Asia, having gained independence from the Ottoman Empire early in the 20th century.
SYRIE(Country)French
French form of SYRIA.
SYRIEN(Country)German
German form of SYRIA.
SZLOVÁKIA(Country)Hungarian
Hungarian form of SLOVAKIA.
TAILAND(Country)Russian
Russian form of THAILAND (probably via English).
TAILANDIA(Country)Spanish, Italian
Spanish form and Italian variant of THAILAND (probably via English).
TAJLANDIA(Country)Polish
Polish form of THAILAND (probably via English).
TCHAD(Body of Water & Country)French
French form of CHAD.
TCHÉCOSLOVAQUIE(Country)French
French form of CZECHOSLOVAKIA.
TCHÉQUIE(Country)French
French form of ČECHY, used as a name for the Czech Republic.
THAI(Country)Thai
Possibly from a Thai root meaning "person". This is the Thai word for Thailand, usually written in the compounds เมืองไทย (Meueng Thaiy) meaning "region of Thailand", ประเทศไทย (Prathet Thaiy) meaning "nation of Thailand" or ราชอาณาจักรไทย (Rachanachakn Thaiy) meaning "kingdom of Thailand".
THAILAND(Country)English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Combination of THAI and land. This is the name of a country in southeastern Asia, formerly called Siam.
THAÏLANDE(Country)French
French form of THAILAND (probably via English).
THAILANDIA(Country)Italian
Italian form of THAILAND (probably via English).
TSCHAD(Body of Water & Country)German
German form of CHAD.
TSCHECHIEN(Country)German
German form of ČECHY, used as a name for the Czech Republic.
TSCHECHOSLOWAKEI(Country)German
German form of CZECHOSLOVAKIA.
TSHAD(Body of Water & Country)Arabic
Arabic form of CHAD.
TURCHIA(Country)Italian
Italian form of Turcia (see TURKEY).
TURCIA(Country)Late Roman
Latin form of TURKEY.
TÜRKEI(Country)German
German form of Turcia (see TURKEY).
TURKEY(Country)English
From Latin Turcia, derived from the ethnonym Turk, which is from Old Turkic possibly meaning "ancestry". This is the name of a country situated on the Anatolian peninsula.
TÜRKİYE(Country)Turkish
Turkish form of TURKEY.
TURKIYYA(Country)Arabic
Arabic form of TURKEY.
TURQUÍA(Country)Spanish
Spanish form of Turcia (see TURKEY).
TURQUIA(Country)Portuguese
Portuguese form of Turcia (see TURKEY).
TURQUIE(Country)French
French form of Turcia (see TURKEY).
TYSKLAND(Country)Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Swedish, Norwegian and Danish form of DEUTSCHLAND.
UNGARIA(Country)Romanian
Romanian form of HUNGARY.
UNGARN(Country)German
German form of HUNGARY.
UNGHERIA(Country)Italian
Italian form of HUNGARY.
URDANN(River & Country)Arabic
Arabic form of JORDAN, usually written with the definite article: الأردنّ (al-Urdann).
VENGRIYA(Country)Russian
Russian form of HUNGARY.
VIỆT NAM(Country)Vietnamese
Vietnamese form of VIETNAM.
VIETNAM(Country)English, French, German, Dutch, Italian, Spanish
From Việt Nam, meaning "southern Yue", derived from Sino-Vietnamese (việt), referring to the Yue people, and (nam) "south". This is the name of a country in southeastern Asia.
VIETNAME(Country)Portuguese
Portuguese form of VIETNAM.
WĘGRY(Country)Polish
Polish form of HUNGARY.
YAMATO(Country)Japanese
Possibly related to Japanese (yama) meaning "mountain". This was the old name for the area around the city of Nara, though it was later applied to the entire country of Japan. Chinese scribes originally wrote this name using the character meaning "short". However, this was revised to the more favourable meaning "harmony" in the 8th century. The prefixed character means "great".
YINDU(Country)Chinese
Chinese form of INDIA.
YISRA'EL(Country)Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of ISRAEL.
YUENAN(Country)Chinese
Chinese form of VIETNAM.
ZAIRE(River & Country)Portuguese, English
Older name of the Congo River, said to be derived via Portuguese from Kikongo nzadi o nzere meaning "river swallowing rivers". This was also the former name of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
ZAIRË(River & Country)French
French form of ZAIRE.
ZHONGGUO(Country)Chinese
Means "middle kingdom", from Chinese (zhōng) meaning "middle" and (guó) meaning "country, state". This is the Chinese name for China. The name originally referred to China's central regions, as opposed to the territory on the fringes.
ZWEDEN(Country)Dutch, Medieval Dutch
Dutch form of SWEDEN.