Derived from Hispania
, the Latin name of the Iberian Peninsula, which is of uncertain origin. It could be derived from Punic I-Shaphan
meaning "land of the rabbits".
SUDAN(Country)English, Arabic, German, Italian
From Arabic سُود (sud)
meaning "black", referring to the darker skin of the inhabitants. This is the name of a country in Africa. In Arabic it is properly written with the definite article: السُودان (al-Sudan)
Possibly from the Balto-Slavic root zeme
meaning "ground, earth". This is the Finnish name for Finland
SURİYE(Political Subdivision & Country)Turkish
Turkish form of SYRIA
. This was the name of a province of the Ottoman Empire.
From Middle Dutch Zweden
, ultimately from the Old Norse ethnic name Svíar
"Swede", itself possibly from Proto-Norse Swihoniz
meaning "one's own tribe". This is the name of a country in northern Europe.
, a word meaning "Swiss", ultimately derived from the name of the Swiss town and canton of SCHWYZ
, plus land
. This is the name of a country in central Europe.
SYRIA(Country & Region)English, Polish, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
From Greek Συρια (Syria)
, which was probably a variant of ASSYRIA
, used in an expanded sense to refer to the northern Levant. This was the name of a province of the Roman Empire. It is now the name of a country in western Asia, having gained independence from the Ottoman Empire early in the 20th century.
Possibly from a Thai root meaning "person". This is the Thai word for Thailand
, usually written in the compounds เมืองไทย (Meueng Thaiy)
meaning "region of Thailand", ประเทศไทย (Prathet Thaiy)
meaning "nation of Thailand" or ราชอาณาจักรไทย (Rachanachakn Thaiy)
meaning "kingdom of Thailand".
From Latin Turcia
, derived from the ethnonym Turk
, which is from Old Turkic possibly meaning "ancestry". This is the name of a country situated on the Anatolian peninsula.
Possibly related to Japanese 山 (yama)
meaning "mountain". This was the old name for the area around the city of Nara, though it was later applied to the entire country of Japan. Chinese scribes originally wrote this name using the character 倭
meaning "short". However, this was revised to the more favourable 和
meaning "harmony" in the 8th century. The prefixed character 大
ZAIRE(River & Country)Portuguese, English
Older name of the Congo
River, said to be derived via Portuguese from Kikongo nzadi o nzere
meaning "river swallowing rivers". This was also the former name of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Means "middle kingdom", from Chinese 中 (zhōng)
meaning "middle" and 国 (guó)
meaning "country, state". This is the Chinese name for China
. The name originally referred to China's central regions, as opposed to the territory on the fringes.