Place Names Starting with P

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PADOUE (Settlement) French
French form of PADUA.
PÀDOVA (Settlement) Venetian
Venetian form of PADUA.
PADOVA (Settlement) Italian, Romanian, Croatian, Serbian
Italian, Romanian, Croatian and Serbian form of PADUA.
PADUA (Settlement) English, German, Spanish, Dutch
From Italian Padova, Latin Patavium, of unknown meaning. This is the name of a city in northern Italy.
PAESI BASSI (Country) Italian
Italian cognate of PAYS-BAS, used as the Italian name for the Netherlands.
PAÍSES BAIXOS (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese cognate of PAYS-BAS. This is the Portuguese name for the Netherlands.
PAÍSES BAJOS (Country) Spanish
Spanish cognate of PAYS-BAS. This is the Spanish name for the Netherlands.
PAKESTAN (Country) Persian
Persian form of PAKISTAN.
PÁKISTÁN (Country) Czech
Czech form of PAKISTAN.
PAKISTÁN (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of PAKISTAN.
PAKISTAN (Country) Urdu, Punjabi, English, Italian, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Polish, Slovak, Russian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Serbian
From Persian پاک (pak) meaning "pure" and the suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". The name was coined in 1933 by the Pakistani nationalist Choudhry Rahmat Ali who justified it as an acronym of Punjab, Afghania, Kashmir and Sindh, plus the final three letters of Baluchistan.
PAMA (Country) Thai
Thai form of BURMA.
PAPIA (Settlement) Late Roman
Late Latin form of PAVIA.
PAQUISTÃO (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of PAKISTAN.
PARIGI (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of PARIS.
PARÍS (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of PARIS.
PARIS (Settlement) French, English, German
From the ancient Celtic tribe known as the Parisii. This is the capital city of France.
PARSA (Country) Ancient Persian
Old Persian form of PERSIA.
PATAVIUM (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Latin form of PADUA.
PAVÍA (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of PAVIA.
PAVIA (Settlement) Italian, English
From Late Latin Papia, of unknown meaning. This is the name of a city in northern Italy. In classical Latin it was called Ticinum.
PAYS-BAS (Country) French
From French pays "country, land" and bas "low". This is the French name for the Netherlands (for which it is also a translation).
PECHINO (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of BEIJING.
PÉKIN (Settlement) French
French form of BEIJING.
PEKÍN (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of BEIJING.
PEKIN (Settlement) Japanese
Japanese form of BEIJING.
PEKING (Settlement) German, Dutch, Luxembourgish, Swedish, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, English (Archaic)
Form of BEIJING in various languages, as well as an older English form.
PENZIG (Settlement) German
German form of PIEŃSK.
PEQUIM (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of BEIJING.
PÉROU (Country) French
French form of PERU.
PERSE (Country) French
French form of PERSIA.
PÉRSIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of PERSIA.
PERSIA (Country) Ancient Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
Latin form of Greek Περσις (Persis), from Old Persian Parsa. This is the name used in the West for a region in western Asia, as well as several empires that were based there, including the Achaemenid Empire, Parthian Empire, and Sasanian Empire. This was also the Western name for the country of Iran until 1935, when the king requested that the native name Iran be used instead.
PERSIË (Country) Southern African, Afrikaans
Afrikaans form of PERSIA.
PERSIEN (Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of PERSIA.
PERSIS (Country) Ancient Greek
Greek form of PERSIA.
PERU (Country) English, Portuguese, German, Dutch
From Spanish Perú, older Birú, which was possibly derived from the name of a chieftain (who nevertheless resided in modern-day Panama).
PERÚ (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of PERU.
PERÙ (Country) Italian
Italian form of PERU.
PERZIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of PERSIA.
PESARO (Settlement) Italian, English
From Latin Pisaurum, of uncertain meaning. This is the name of a city in central Italy.
PEST (Settlement) Hungarian
Possibly from a Slavic word meaning "cave". This was the name of a city on the east bank of the Danube in Hungary. After a bridge was built across the river in 1849, Pest merged with Buda to form Budapest in 1873.
PETRA (Settlement) Ancient Greek, English
From Greek πετρα (petra) meaning "rock". This was the Greek name of the capital city of the Nabataeans, which may have been known as Raqmu to its Semitic inhabitants. Its ruins lie in Jordan.
PEY (Settlement) Dutch
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a town in Limburg in the Netherlands.
PEYTON (Settlement) English
Means "PÆGA's town". This is the name of a town in Sussex.
PHILADELPHIA (Settlement) Biblical, English
Means "brotherly love" from Greek φιλεω (phileo) meaning "to love" and αδελφος (adelphos) meaning "brother". This was the name of a city in Asia Minor mentioned in Revelation in the New Testament. It is now known as Alaşehir (in Turkey). It is also the name of a city in the United States.
PIEŃSK (Settlement) Polish
Derived from Polish pień meaning "stump, tree trunk". This is the name of a town in Silesia in Poland.
PIRUW (Country) Native American, Quechua
Quechua form of PERU.
PISAURUM (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Latin form of PESARO.
POIX (Settlement) French
Possibly from Old French peis meaning "fish". This is the name of a town in Picardy, France.
POLAND (Country) English
From the name of the Slavic tribe of the Poles, derived from the medieval Slavic word polje meaning "field", combined with land. This is the name of a country in eastern Europe.
POLEN (Country) German, Dutch, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian
German, Dutch, Swedish, Danish and Norwegian form of POLAND.
POLIJA (Country) Latvian
Latvian form of POLAND.
POLJSKA (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian and Slovene form of POLAND.
POLOGNE (Country) French
French form of POLAND.
POLÓNIA (Country) Portuguese (European)
Portuguese form of POLAND.
POLÔNIA (Country) Portuguese (Brazilian)
Portuguese form of POLAND.
POLONIA (Country) Italian, Spanish, Romanian, Greek
Italian, Spanish, Romanian and Greek form of POLAND.
POLSHA (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of POLAND.
POLSHCHA (Country) Ukrainian
Ukrainian form of POLAND.
POLSKA (Country) Polish, Macedonian
Polish (and Macedonian) form of POLAND.
POĽSKO (Country) Slovak
Slovak form of POLAND.
POLSKO (Country) Czech
Czech form of POLAND.
PONTECORVO (Settlement) Italian
From Italian ponte "bridge" and curvo "curved". This is the name of a town in central Italy.
POOLA (Country) Estonian
Estonian form of POLAND.
PORTO (Settlement) Portuguese, English
Modern form of PORTUS CALE. This is the name of a city in Portugal.
PORTOGALLO (Country) Italian
Italian form of PORTUGAL.
PORTUGAL (Country) Portuguese, English, French, Spanish, Galician, Catalan, German, Dutch, Luxembourgish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Estonian, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian
From Portugale, which was derived from PORTUS CALE, the old name of the city of Porto. The name of the city was later applied to the entire country.
PORTUGALE (Region) Late Roman
Later form of PORTUS CALE, referring to the area around the city.
PORTUS CALE (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Means "port of CALE" in Latin. This was the name of the city now known as Porto. The name of the city was later applied to the entire region of Portugal.
PRAAG (Settlement) Dutch
Dutch form of Praha (see PRAGUE).
PRAG (Settlement) German, Swedish, Danish, Icelandic, Luxembourgish, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Turkish
German, Swedish, Danish, Icelandic, Luxembourgish, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian and Turkish form of Praha (see PRAGUE).
PRAGA (Settlement) Italian, Romanian, Polish, Russian
Italian, Romanian, Polish and Russian form of Praha (see PRAGUE).
PRAGUE (Settlement) English, French
From Czech Praha, possibly from the Slavic root práh meaning "ford". This is the name of the capital city of the Czech Republic.
PRAHA (Settlement) Czech, Slovak, Norwegian, Finnish
Czech form of PRAGUE.
PRETORIA (Settlement) Southern African, Afrikaans, Dutch, English
From the surname PRETORIUS. This is the name of a city in South Africa, named after the 19th-century Boer leader Andries Pretorius.
PRIESTLEY (Settlement) English
From Old English preost "priest" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a few small towns in England.
PROVENÇA (Region) Provençal
Provençal form of PROVENCE.
PROVENCE (Region) French, English, German
From Latin provincia meaning "province", a Roman territorial division. This is the name a region in southern France, originally acquiring its name because it was the first Roman province beyond the Alps.
PROVENZA (Region) Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of PROVENCE.
PUOLA (Country) Finnish
Finnish form of POLAND.
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