PAKISTAN(Country)Urdu, Punjabi, English, Italian, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Polish, Slovak, Russian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Serbian
From Persian پاک (pak)
meaning "pure" and the suffix ستان (stan)
meaning "land of". The name was coined in 1933 by the Pakistani nationalist Choudhry Rahmat Ali who justified it as an acronym of Punjab, Afghania, Kashmir and Sindh, plus the final three letters of Baluchistan.
From the ancient Celtic tribe known as the Parisii. This is the capital city of France.
PERSIA(Country)Ancient Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
Latin form of Greek Περσις (Persis)
, from Old Persian Parsa
. This is the name used in the West for a region in western Asia, as well as several empires which were based there, including the Achaemenid Empire, Parthian Empire, and Sasanian Empire. This was also the Western name for the country of Iran until 1935, when the king requested that the native name Iran
be used instead.
PERU(Country)English, Portuguese, German, Dutch
From Spanish Perú
, older Birú
, which was possibly derived from the name of a chieftain (who nevertheless resided in modern-day Panama).
Possibly from a Slavic word meaning "cave". This was the name of a city on the east bank of the Danube in Hungary. After a bridge was built across the river in 1849, Pest merged with Buda
to form Budapest
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a town in Limburg in the Netherlands.
Means "brotherly love" from Greek φιλεω (phileo)
"to love" and αδελφος (adelphos)
"brother". This was the name of a city in Asia Minor mentioned in Revelation in the New Testament. It is now known as Alaşehir
(in Turkey). It is also the name of a city in the United States.
From the name of the Slavic tribe of the Poles, derived from the medieval Slavic word polje
meaning "field", combined with land
. This is the name of a country in eastern Europe.
PORTUGAL(Country)Portuguese, English, French, Spanish, Galician, Catalan, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Croatian, Serbian
, which was derived from PORTUS CALE
, the old name of the city of Porto. The name of the city was later applied to the entire country.
From Old English preost
"priest" and leah
"woodland, clearing". This is the name of a few small towns in England.