Place Names Starting with P

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PADOUE (Settlement) French
French form of PADUA.
PADOVA (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of PADUA.
PADUA (Settlement) English, German
From Italian Padova, Latin Patavium, of unknown meaning. This is the name of a city in northern Italy.
PAKESTAN (Country) Persian
Persian form of PAKISTAN.
PÁKISTÁN (Country) Czech
Czech form of PAKISTAN.
PAKISTÁN (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of PAKISTAN.
PAKISTAN (Country) Urdu, Punjabi, English, Italian, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Polish, Slovak, Russian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Serbian
From Persian پاک (pak) meaning "pure" and the suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". The name was coined in 1933 by the Pakistani nationalist Choudhry Rahmat Ali who justified it as an acronym of Punjab, Afghania, Kashmir and Sindh, plus the final three letters of Baluchistan.
PAPIA (Settlement) Late Roman
Late Latin form of PAVIA.
PAQUISTÃO (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of PAKISTAN.
PARIGI (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of PARIS.
PARÍS (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of PARIS.
PARIS (Settlement) French, English, German
From the ancient Celtic tribe known as the Parisii. This is the capital city of France.
PARSA (Country) Ancient Persian
Old Persian form of PERSIA.
PATAVIUM (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Latin form of PADUA.
PAVÍA (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of PAVIA.
PAVIA (Settlement) Italian, English
From Late Latin Papia, of unknown meaning. This is the name of a city in northern Italy. In classical Latin it was called Ticinum.
PECHINO (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of BEIJING.
PÉKIN (Settlement) French
French form of BEIJING.
PEKÍN (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of BEIJING.
PEKIN (Settlement) Japanese
Japanese form of BEIJING.
PEKING (Settlement) German, Dutch, Czech, English (Archaic)
German, Dutch and Czech form of BEIJING, as well as an older English form.
PENZIG (Settlement) German
German form of PIEŃSK.
PEQUIM (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of BEIJING.
PÉROU (Country) French
French form of PERU.
PERSE (Country) French
French form of PERSIA.
PÉRSIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of PERSIA.
PERSIA (Country) Ancient Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
Latin form of Greek Περσις (Persis), from Old Persian Parsa. This is the name used in the West for a region in western Asia, as well as several empires which were based there, including the Achaemenid Empire, Parthian Empire, and Sasanian Empire. This was also the Western name for the country of Iran until 1935, when the king requested that the native name Iran be used instead.
PERSIEN (Country) German
German form of PERSIA.
PERSIS (Country) Ancient Greek
Greek form of PERSIA.
PERU (Country) English, Portuguese, German, Dutch
From Spanish Perú, older Birú, which was possibly derived from the name of a chieftain (who nevertheless resided in modern-day Panama).
PERÚ (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of PERU.
PERÙ (Country) Italian
Italian form of PERU.
PERZIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of PERSIA.
PESARO (Settlement) Italian, English
From Latin Pisaurum, of uncertain meaning. This is the name of a city in central Italy.
PEST (Settlement) Hungarian
Possibly from a Slavic word meaning "cave". This was the name of a city on the east bank of the Danube in Hungary. After a bridge was built across the river in 1849, Pest merged with Buda to form Budapest in 1873.
PEY (Settlement) Dutch
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a town in Limburg in the Netherlands.
PEYTON (Settlement) English
Means "PÆGA's town". This is the name of a town in Sussex.
PHILADELPHIA (Settlement) Biblical, English
Means "brotherly love" from Greek φιλεω (phileo) "to love" and αδελφος (adelphos) "brother". This was the name of a city in Asia Minor mentioned in Revelation in the New Testament. It is now known as Alaşehir (in Turkey). It is also the name of a city in the United States.
PIEŃSK (Settlement) Polish
Derived from Polish pień meaning "stump, tree trunk". This is the name of a town in Silesia in Poland.
PIRUW (Country) Native American, Quechua
Quechua form of PERU.
PISAURUM (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Latin form of PESARO.
POIX (Settlement) French
Possibly from Old French peis meaning "fish". This is the name of a town in Picardy, France.
POLAND (Country) English
From the name of the Slavic tribe of the Poles, derived from the medieval Slavic word polje meaning "field", combined with land. This is the name of a country in eastern Europe.
POLEN (Country) German, Dutch
German and Dutch form of POLAND.
POLOGNE (Country) French
French form of POLAND.
POLONIA (Country) Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of POLAND.
POLSKA (Country) Polish
Polish form of POLAND.
PONTECORVO (Settlement) Italian
From Italian ponte "bridge" and curvo "curved". This is the name of a town in central Italy.
PORTO (Settlement) Portuguese, English
Modern form of PORTUS CALE. This is the name of a city in Portugal.
PORTOGALLO (Country) Italian
Italian form of PORTUGAL.
PORTUGAL (Country) Portuguese, English, French, Spanish, Galician, Catalan, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Croatian, Serbian
From Portugale, which was derived from PORTUS CALE, the old name of the city of Porto. The name of the city was later applied to the entire country.
PORTUGALE (Region) Late Roman
Later form of PORTUS CALE, referring to the area around the city.
PORTUS CALE (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Means "port of CALE" in Latin. This was the name of the city now known as Porto. The name of the city was later applied to the entire region of Portugal.
PRAG (Settlement) German
German form of PRAGUE.
PRAGA (Settlement) Italian, Polish
Italian and Polish form of PRAGUE.
PRAGUE (Settlement) English, French
From Czech Praha, possibly from the Slavic root práh meaning "ford". This is the name of the capital city of the Czech Republic.
PRAHA (Settlement) Czech, Slovak
Czech form of PRAGUE.
PRETORIA (Settlement) Southern African, Afrikaans, Dutch, English
From the surname PRETORIUS. This is the name of a city in South Africa, named after the 19th-century Boer leader Andries Pretorius.
PRIESTLEY (Settlement) English
From Old English preost "priest" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a few small towns in England.
PROVENÇA (Region) Provençal
Provençal form of PROVENCE.
PROVENCE (Region) French, English, German
From Latin provincia meaning "province", a Roman territorial division. This is the name a region in southern France, originally acquiring its name because it was the first Roman province beyond the Alps.
PROVENZA (Region) Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of PROVENCE.