Place Names Starting with B

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BAARD   (Settlement)   Frisian
Possibly from a given name which was a variant of BERT. This is the name of a town in Frisia in the Netherlands.
BABILI   (Settlement)   Akkadian
Akkadian form of BABYLON.
BABILÓNIA   (Settlement)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of BABYLON.
BABILONIA   (Settlement)   Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of BABYLON.
BABYLON   (Settlement)   English, German, Dutch, Biblical, Ancient Roman, Biblical Latin, Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of Akkadian Babili, which is of uncertain meaning. It is often explained as meaning "gateway of God", from Akkadian babu "gate" and ilu "God", though it may in fact derive from a non-Semitic language. This was the name of a major city in ancient Mesopotamia, the capital of the Babylonian Empire. It was located in present-day Iraq.
BABYLONE   (Settlement)   French
French form of BABYLON.
BADALOCUM   (Settlement)   Ancient Roman
Latin form of BAGGIO.
BAGGIO   (Settlement)   Italian
From Latin Badalocum meaning "watch place". This is the name of an Italian town, now a district of Milan.
BAGLEY   (Settlement)   English
From Old English bagga "bag, badger" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of various towns in England.
BALGARIYA   (Country)   Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of BULGARIA.
BARDSLEY   (Settlement)   English
From the Old English name BEORNRÆD and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a village near Manchester.
BAVARIA   (Political Subdivision)   English, Late Roman
From Late Latin Baiovarii, the name of a Germanic tribe, named after an earlier Gaulish tribe the Boii. This is the name of a state in Germany (called Bayern in German).
BAVIERA   (Political Subdivision)   Spanish, Portuguese, Italian
Spanish, Portuguese and Italian form of BAVARIA.
BAYERN   (Political Subdivision)   German
German form of BAVARIA.
BECSKE   (Settlement)   Hungarian
Possibly derived from the Hungarian given name BENEDEK. This is the name of a small town in Hungary.
BEERS   (Settlement)   Dutch
Possibly from Dutch baar meaning "bar". This is the name of a town in the Netherlands (plus a smaller one in Frisia).
BEESLEY   (Settlement)   English
From Old English beos "bent grass" and leah "woodland, clearing". This was the name of a hamlet or farm in Lancashire, England.
BEGBIE   (Settlement)   Scottish
Derived from the Old Norse name BAGGI and býr meaning "farm, settlement". This is the name of a small town in East Lothian, Scotland.
BEIJING   (Settlement)   Chinese, English
From Chinese (běi) meaning "north" and (jīng) meaning "capital city". This is the name of the capital of China.
BENTLEY   (Settlement)   English
From Old English beonet "bent grass" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of several English towns.
BENTON   (Settlement)   English
From Old English beonet "bent grass" and tun "enclosure". This is the name of towns in England.
BERGAMO   (Settlement)   Italian, English
From Latin Bergomum, possibly from a Celtic word meaning "mountain". This is the name of a city in northern Italy.
BERGOMUM   (Settlement)   Ancient Roman
Latin form of BERGAMO.
BERLIN   (Settlement)   German, English, French, Polish, Hungarian, Croatian, Serbian
City in Germany, the name of which is of uncertain meaning. It is possibly derived from an Old Slavic stem berl- meaning swamp.
BEVERLEY   (Settlement)   English
From Old English beofor "beaver" and (possibly) licc "stream". This is the name of a city in eastern England.
BHARAT   (Country)   Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Gujarati, Assamese
From the name of the mythological king BHARATA. This is the endonym for India in many of the languages of northern India.
BHARATA   (Country)   Sanskrit
Sanskrit form of BHARAT.
BHAROT   (Country)   Bengali
Bengali variant transcription of BHARAT.
BLACKBURN   (Settlement)   English
From Old English blæc "black" and burna "stream". This is the name of a city in Lancashire, England.
BLAKESLEY   (Settlement)   English
From the Old English byname Blæcwulf "black wolf" combined with leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a city in Northamptonshire.
BLIDWORTH   (Settlement)   English
From the Old English byname Blīþa "happy, blithe" and worþ "enclosure". This is the name of a town in Nottinghamshire, England.
BLOXHAM   (Settlement)   English
From the Old English byname Blocca and ham meaning "home, homestead". This is the name of a town in Oxfordshire.
BOHÊME   (Region)   French
French form of BOHEMIA.
BOHEMIA   (Region)   English, Spanish, Late Roman
From Latin Boiohaemum, from the name of the Gaulish tribe the Boii combined with Germanic heim "home". This is the name of a historical region within the Czech Republic. The region is called Čechy in Czech, while the country is called Česko.
BÖHMEN   (Region)   German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of BOHEMIA.
BOHON   (Settlement)   French
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a town in Manche, France.
BOIOHAEMUM   (Region)   Ancient Roman
Latin form of BOHEMIA (mentioned in Tacitus' 1st-century book 'Germania').
BOLGARIYA   (Country)   Russian
Russian form of BULGARIA.
BOLÍVIA   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of BOLIVIA.
BOLIVIA   (Country)   Spanish, English, Italian
From the surname BOLÍVAR, in honour of the revolutionary Simón Bolívar. This is the name of a country in South America.
BOLIVIE   (Country)   French
French form of BOLIVIA.
BOLIVIEN   (Country)   German
German form of BOLIVIA.
BOLL   (Settlement)   German
From Middle High German meaning "hill". This is the name of several towns in Germany.
BOLOGNA   (Settlement)   Italian, English, German
From Latin Bononia, possibly derived from a Celtic word meaning "settlement". This is the name of a city in northern italy.
BOLOGNE   (Settlement)   French
French form of BOLOGNA.
BOLONIA   (Settlement)   Spanish
Spanish form of BOLOGNA.
BONONIA   (Settlement)   Ancient Roman
Latin form of BOLOGNA.
BRACKENRIG   (Settlement)   Scots
From Middle English braken meaning "bracken" (via Old Norse brækni) and rigg meaning "ridge" (via Old Norse hryggr). This is the name of several Scottish towns.
BRADFORD   (Settlement)   English
From Old English brad "broad" and ford "ford, river crossing". This is the name of a city in West Yorkshire, as well as several other towns.
BRADLEY   (Settlement)   English
From Old English brad "broad" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of several towns in England.
BRASIL   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of BRAZIL.
BRASILE   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of BRAZIL.
BRASILIEN   (Country)   German
German form of BRAZIL.
BRAZIL   (Country)   English, Croatian, Serbian
From the name of a type of tree, called pau-brasil in Portuguese (brazilwood in English). It may ultimately derive from Portuguese brasa meaning "ember". This is the name of a country in South America.
BRAZILIË   (Country)   Dutch
Dutch form of BRAZIL.
BREIZH   (Region)   Breton
Breton form of BRITAIN and BRITTANY. Great Britain is called Breizh-Veur in Breton.
BRÉSIL   (Country)   French
French form of BRAZIL.
BRETAGNA   (Region)   Italian
Italian form of BRITAIN and BRITTANY. Great Britain is called Gran Bretagna in Italian.
BRETAGNE   (Region)   French, German
French form of Britannia (see BRITAIN). In French this typically refers to the region known as Brittany in France, while Great Britain is called Grande-Bretagne.
BRETAIGNE   (Region)   Medieval French
Old French form of Britannia (see BRITAIN).
BRETAÑA   (Region)   Spanish
Spanish form of BRITAIN and BRITTANY. Great Britain is called Gran Bretaña in Spanish.
BRISTOL   (Settlement)   English
Name of a city in southwest England, derived from Old English Brycgstow meaning "the site of the bridge".
BRITAIN   (Region)   English
From Britannia, the Latin name for the island of Great Britain, the land of the Britons. It derives from the name of the Britons, recorded in Greek in the 4th century BC as Πρεττανικη (Prettanike), and reconstructed as Proto-Brythonic *Priteni, possibly meaning "tattooed people".
BRITANNIA   (Region)   Ancient Roman
Latin form of BRITAIN.
BRITANNIEN   (Region)   German
German form of BRITAIN.
BRITTANY   (Region)   English
From Britannia (see BRITAIN). This is the name of a region in northwestern France, so called because many Britons settled there after the fall of the Western Roman Empire. It had earlier been called Armorica. In the Middle Ages it was sometimes called Britannia Minor to distinguish it from the island of Great Britain. In French, both the island and the region are called Bretagne.
BRODIE   (Settlement)   English
Probably from Gaelic broth meaning "ditch, mire". This is the name of an estate and castle in Moray, Scotland.
BROOKLYN   (Settlement)   English
Name of a borough of New York City, originally derived from Dutch Breukelen meaning "broken land".
BUCKLEY   (Settlement)   English
From Old English bucc "buck, male deer" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a few minor towns in England.
BUDA   (Settlement)   Hungarian
Possibly from the given name BLEDA (which belonged to the brother of Attila the Hun). This was the name of a Hungarian city on the west bank of the Danube. Today it is a part of Budapest, having merged with Pest in 1873.
BUDAPEST   (Settlement)   Hungarian, English, German, French, Italian, Spanish
Combination of BUDA and PEST, two cities that merged in 1873. This is the name of the capital city of Hungary.
BULGARIA   (Country)   Late Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
From the name of the Turkic tribe of the Bulgars, possibly from a Turkic root meaning "mixed". This is the name of a country in southeastern Europe.
BULGARIE   (Country)   French
French form of BULGARIA.
BULGARIEN   (Country)   German
German form of BULGARIA.
BUREN   (Settlement)   Dutch
From Old Dutch bur "house, dwelling". This is a small town on the island of Ameland in the north of the Netherlands, as well as a small city in Gelderland.
BURNHAM   (Settlement)   English
From Old English burna "stream, spring" and ham "home". This is the name of several towns in England.
BURTON   (Settlement)   English
From Old English burg "fortress, castle" and tun "enclosure". This is the name of several English towns.
BUSTILLO   (Settlement)   Spanish
From a diminutive of Late Latin bustum meaning "ox pasture". This is the name of towns in Spain.
BUSTO   (Settlement)   Spanish, Italian
From Late Latin bustum meaning "ox pasture". This is the name of several towns in Spain and Italy.
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