NAPLES (Settlement) English
From Latin Neapolis
, from Greek Νεαπολις (Neapolis)
meaning "new city". This is the name of a city in southern Italy, originally founded as a Greek colony.
NEPAL (Country) Nepali, Indian, Hindi, English, German, Dutch, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Polish, Sanskrit
From Sanskrit नेपाल (Nepal)
, of unknown meaning. This is the name of a landlocked country in south Asia.
NETHERLANDS (Country) English
From English nether
meaning "lower" and land
, referring to the low-lying position of the country. This is the name of a country in northwestern Europe. It is sometimes called Holland
in English, though this is properly one of its subregions. In English it is usually referred to using the definite article, the
NIEMCY (Country) Polish
From Slavic němici
meaning "mute, not able to speak", extended to mean "foreigner, German". This is the Polish name of Germany
NIFTRIK (Settlement) Dutch
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a town in the province of Gelderland in the Netherlands.
NIGER (River & Country) English, French, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Croatian, Serbian, Late Roman
Meaning unknown, possibly of Berber origin, though influenced by Latin niger
"black". This is the name of a river in western Africa (and a country which is named after it).
NIGERIA (Country) English, French, Italian, Spanish, German
From the name of the NIGER
River, applied in the 19th century to the British colonial territory in western Africa. It continued to be used after the territory became an independent country in 1960.
NILE (River) English
From Latin Nilus
, which was from Greek Νειλος (Neilos)
, possibly of Semitic origin meaning "river". This is the name of a long river in Africa.
NINEVEH (Settlement) English, Biblical
From Akkadian 𒉌𒉡𒀀 (Ninua)
, possibly related to 𒄩 (nūnu)
meaning "fish". When written, the name is usually prefixed with 𒌷
indicating a city. This may have referred to an aspect of Ishtar
, as from an early time the city was a center of worship of the goddess. The cuneiform symbols used to represent the city's name depict a fish within a house.... [more]
NIPPON (Country) Japanese
Means "origin of the sun, sunrise", from Sino-Japanese 日 (nichi)
meaning "sun" and 本 (hon)
meaning "root, origin". This is the Japanese name for Japan
NIZOZEMSKO (Country) Czech
From Czech nízký
"low" and země
"land". This is the Czech name for the Netherlands
(for which it is also a translation).
NORWAY (Country) English
From Old English Norþweg
meaning "north way". This is the name of a country in Scandinavia in northern Europe.
NUBIA (Region) English, Late Roman
Possibly derives from the Egyptian word nbw
meaning "gold". This was the name of an ancient region and kingdom in Africa, south of Egypt.
NYSA (Region) Greek Mythology
Possibly from an archaic Greek word meaning "tree". In Greek mythology Nysa was the mountainous region where young Dionysos