Place Names Starting with S

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SACHSEN(Region & Political Subdivision)German
German form of SAXONY.
SAINT CLAIR(Settlement)French
Name commemorating Saint CLAIR. This is the name of several communes in France.
SAINT DENIS(Settlement)French
Name commemorating Saint DENIS. This is the name of several communes in France.
SAINT MARTIN(Settlement)French
Name commemorating Saint MARTIN. This is the name of several communes in France.
SAINT MAUR(Settlement)French
Name commemorating Saint MAURUS. This is the name of several communes in France.
SAINT PIERRE(Settlement & Island)French
Name commemorating Saint PETER. This is the name of several communes in France as well as a French island near Newfoundland.
SAMARA(Settlement & River)Russian, English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, French, German
Meaning unknown, possibly of Kyrgyz origin. This is the name of a city in Russia, founded in the 16th century, as well as the river on which it is situated.
SAMARRA(Settlement)Arabic, English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, French, German
This is the name of a city in Iraq, the capital of the Abbasid Caliphate in the 9th century. It was possibly built at the site of the ancient Assyrian city of Surmarrati, which is of uncertain meaning.
SANDFORD(Settlement)English
From Old English sand "sand" and ford "ford, river crossing". This is the name of several towns in England.
SAN NICOLÁS(Settlement)Spanish
The name of several places in the Spanish-speaking world, in honour of Saint NICHOLAS.
SANTA ANA(Settlement)Spanish
The name of several places in the Spanish-speaking world, in honour of Saint ANNA.
SANTANA(Settlement)Portuguese
The name of several places in the Portuguese-speaking world, in honour of Saint ANNA.
SANTIAGO(Settlement)Spanish, Portuguese
This is the name of several cities in Spain and Portugal, so-named for Saint JAMES (see the given name SANTIAGO for more information). It is also used for many other cities in the Spanish and Portuguese-speaking worlds, notably the capital city of Chile.
SÁRKÖZ(Region)Hungarian
Derived from Hungarian sár "mud" and köz "margin, lane". This is the name of a region in Hungary.
SAXONY(Region & Political Subdivision)English
From the name of the Germanic tribe of the Saxons, ultimately derived from Germanic sahs meaning "knife". This is the name of a historical region in Germany, and appears int he names of the German states of Saxony, Lower Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt.
SCHLESIEN(Region)German
German form of SILESIA.
SCHOORL(Settlement)Dutch
From older Scoronlo, meaning "forest by the shore" in Dutch. This is the name of a town in the province of Noord-Holland in the Netherlands.
SCHWEDEN(Country)German
German form of SWEDEN.
SCHWEIZ(Country)German, Swedish
From the name of the town and canton of SCHWYZ. This is the German and Swedish name of Switzerland.
SCHWYTZ(Settlement & Political Subdivision)French
French form of SCHWYZ.
SCHWYZ(Settlement & Political Subdivision)German, English, Spanish
Meaning uncertain, possibly related to Old High German suedan "to burn" or possibly of Celtic origin. This is the name of a town (and a canton named for it) in central Switzerland.
SCIACCA(Settlement)Italian
Meaning uncertain, perhaps of Arabic origin. This is the name of a town on Sicily.
SCOTLAND(Country)English
Means "land of the Scots", from Latin Scoti meaning "Gaelic speaker". This is the name of a country (part of the United Kingdom) in the north of the island of Great Britain.
SEABROOK(Settlement)English
From the old name of a river combined with Old English broc "stream". This is the name of a town in Buckinghamshire, England.
SELBY(Settlement)English
From Old Norse selja "willow, sallow" and býr "farm, settlement". This is the name of a city near York in England.
SGITHEANACH(Island)Scottish
Scottish Gaelic form of SKYE.
SHANNON(River)Irish
Probably from Old Irish sen meaning "old, ancient". This is the name of a river in Ireland. It is personified by the goddess Sionann.
SHARON(Region)Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "plain" in Hebrew, referring to the fertile plain near the coast of Israel.
SHENANDOAH(River)English, Native American, Iroquois
Meaning uncertain, possibly of Iroquois origin. This is the name of a river in the eastern United States.
SHERBORNE(Settlement)English
From Old English scir "bright" and burna "spring, fountain, stream". This is the name of several towns in England.
SHERBURN(Settlement)English
Variant of SHERBORNE, also the name of several English towns.
SHIRAZ(Settlement)Persian
Meaning unknown. The name is recorded in Elamite as Tiraziš. This is the name of a city in southern Iran.
SIDNEY(Island)English
Means "wide island", from Old English sid "wide" and eg "island". This is the name of a place in Surrey.
SILESIA(Region)English, Spanish, Ancient Roman
From Mount ŚLĘŻA or the River ŚLĘZA. This is the name of a historical region in southern Poland, with portions in the Czech Republic and Germany.
SILÉSIE(Region)French
French form of SILESIA.
SINDHU(River)Sanskrit
Sanskrit form of INDUS.
SIONAINN(River)Irish
Irish form of SHANNON.
SIRIA(Country)Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of SYRIA.
SKYE(Island)Scottish
Anglicized form of Gaelic Sgitheanach, meaning unknown. This is the name of an island off the west coast of Scotland.
SLANE(Settlement)Irish
From the given name SLÁINE. This is the name of a town in ireland, said to be named for the legendary high king Sláine.
ŚLĄSK(Region)Polish
Polish form of SILESIA.
ŚLĘŻA(Mountain)Polish
Possibly named after the Germanic tribe the Silingi or from a Slavic root meaning "humid, damp". This is the name of a mountain in Silesia, Poland.
ŚLĘZA(River)Polish
Variant of ŚLĘŻA. This is the name of a river in Silesia, Poland.
SLEZSKO(Region)Czech
Czech form of SILESIA.
SLOVAKIA(Country)English, Norwegian, Finnish
From Slovák, the Slovak form of medieval Slavic slovene, referring to the tribe of the Slavs. This is the name of a country in central Europe.
SLOVAKIEN(Country)Swedish
Swedish form of SLOVAKIA.
SLOVAKIET(Country)Danish
Danish form of SLOVAKIA.
SLOVAQUIE(Country)French
French form of SLOVAKIA.
SLOVAŠKA(Country)Slovene
Slovene form of SLOVAKIA.
SLOVENIA(Country)English, Italian, Romanian, Norwegian, Finnish
From Slovene, the language of the Slovenes, derived from the medieval Slavic tribal name slovene meaning "Slavs". This is the name of a country in central Europe.
SLOVÉNIE(Country)French
French form of SLOVENIA.
SLOVENIEN(Country)Danish, Swedish
Danish and Swedish form of SLOVENIA.
SLOVENIJA(Country)Slovene, Croatian, Serbian
From medieval Slavic slovene referring to the tribe of the Slavs. This is the Slovene name for Slovenia.
SLOVENIYA(Country)Russian
Russian and Bulgarian form of SLOVENIA.
SLOVENSKO(Country)Slovak, Czech
From medieval Slavic slovene referring to the tribe of the Slavs. This is the Slovak name for Slovakia.
SLOVINSKO(Country)Czech, Slovak
Czech and Slovak form of SLOVENIA.
SŁOWACJA(Country)Polish
Polish form of SLOVAKIA.
SLOWAKEI(Country)German
German form of SLOVAKIA.
SLOWENIEN(Country)German
German form of SLOVENIA.
SOEDAN(Country)Dutch
Dutch form of SUDAN.
SOUDAN(Country)French
French form of SUDAN.
SOUSA(River)Portuguese
Possibly derived from Latin salsus "salty" or saxa "rocks", but likely of pre-Latin origin. This is the name of a river in Portugal.
SPAGNA(Country)Italian
Italian form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
SPAIN(Country)English
Derived from Hispania, the Latin name of the Iberian Peninsula, which is of uncertain origin. It could be derived from Punic I-Shaphan meaning "land of the rabbits".
SPANIEN(Country)German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
SPANJE(Country)Dutch
Dutch form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
STIRLING(Settlement)English
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a city in Scotland.
ST JOHN(Settlement)English
Name commemorating Saint JOHN. This is the name of several towns in England.
STOCCOLMA(Settlement)Italian
Italian form of STOCKHOLM.
STOCKHOLM(Settlement)Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, English, German, Dutch, French
From Swedish stock "log" and holme "islet". The islet probably referred to Helgeandsholmen in central Stockholm. This is the name of the capital city of Sweden. The first written mention of the name occurs in 1252.
STOKGOLM(Settlement)Russian
Russian form of STOCKHOLM.
SUDÁN(Country)Spanish
Spanish form of SUDAN.
SUDAN(Country)English, Arabic, German, Italian
From Arabic سُود (sud) meaning "black", referring to the darker skin of the inhabitants. This is the name of a country in Africa. In Arabic it is properly written with the definite article: السُودان (al-Sudan).
SUDÃO(Country)Portuguese
Portuguese form of SUDAN.
SUÉCIA(Country)Portuguese
Portuguese form of SWEDEN.
SUECIA(Country)Spanish, Late Roman
Spanish and Latin form of SWEDEN.
SUÈDE(Country)French
French form of SWEDEN.
SUISSE(Country)French
French cognate of SCHWEIZ.
SUIZA(Country)Spanish
Spanish cognate of SCHWEIZ.
SUOMI(Country)Finnish
Possibly from the Balto-Slavic root zeme meaning "ground, earth". This is the Finnish name for Finland.
SURIYA(Country)Arabic
Arabic form of SYRIA.
SURİYE(Political Subdivision & Country)Turkish
Turkish form of SYRIA. This was the name of a province of the Ottoman Empire.
SURYAH(Country)Hebrew
Hebrew form of SYRIA.
SVERIGE(Country)Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
From Swedish svear "Swede" and rike "realm, kingdom". This is the Swedish, Norwegian and Danish name for Sweden.
SVEZIA(Country)Italian
Italian form of SWEDEN.
SVITTO(Settlement & Political Subdivision)Italian
Italian form of SCHWYZ.
SVIZZERA(Country)Italian
Italian cognate of SCHWEIZ.
SWEDEN(Country)English
From Middle Dutch Zweden, ultimately from the Old Norse ethnic name Svíar "Swede", itself possibly from Proto-Norse Swihoniz meaning "one's own tribe". This is the name of a country in northern Europe.
SWITZ(Settlement)Medieval German
Medieval German form of SCHWYZ.
SWITZERLAND(Country)English
From Switzer, a word meaning "Swiss", ultimately derived from the name of the Swiss town and canton of SCHWYZ, plus land. This is the name of a country in central Europe.
SYDNEY(Settlement)English
City in Australia which was named after Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney (1733-1800). His title originally came from the name of its first holder, Robert SIDNEY (1563-1626).
SYRIA(Country & Region)English, Polish, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
From Greek Συρια (Syria), which was probably a variant of ASSYRIA, used in an expanded sense to refer to the northern Levant. This was the name of a province of the Roman Empire. It is now the name of a country in western Asia, having gained independence from the Ottoman Empire early in the 20th century.
SYRIE(Country)French
French form of SYRIA.
SYRIEN(Country)German
German form of SYRIA.
SZABOLCS(Settlement & Region)Hungarian
From the given name SZABOLCS. This is the name of a town and a region in Hungary.
SZLOVÁKIA(Country)Hungarian
Hungarian form of SLOVAKIA.