Place Names Starting with S

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SACHSEN (Region & Political Subdivision) German
German form of SAXONY.
SAINT CLAIR (Settlement) French
Name commemorating Saint CLAIR. This is the name of several communes in France.
SAINT DENIS (Settlement) French
Name commemorating Saint DENIS. This is the name of several communes in France.
SAINT MARTIN (Settlement) French
Name commemorating Saint MARTIN. This is the name of several communes in France.
SAINT MAUR (Settlement) French
Name commemorating Saint MAURUS. This is the name of several communes in France.
SAINT PIERRE (Settlement & Island) French
Name commemorating Saint PETER. This is the name of several communes in France as well as a French island near Newfoundland.
SAKARTVELO (Country) Georgian
From Georgian ქართველი (kartveli), a term referring to a Georgian person, itself derived from the central region of ქართლი (Kartli). This is the Georgian name for the country of Georgia.
SAKSA (Country) Finnish
From German SACHSEN (Saxony), used as the Finnish name of Germany.
SAMARA (Settlement & River) Russian, English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, French, German
Meaning unknown, possibly of Kyrgyz origin. This is the name of a city in Russia, founded in the 16th century, as well as the river on which it is situated.
SAMARRA (Settlement) Arabic, English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, French, German
This is the name of a city in Iraq, the capital of the Abbasid Caliphate in the 9th century. It was possibly built at the site of the ancient Assyrian city of Surmarrati, which is of uncertain meaning.
SANDFORD (Settlement) English
From Old English sand "sand" and ford "ford, river crossing". This is the name of several towns in England.
SAN NICOLÁS (Settlement) Spanish
The name of several places in the Spanish-speaking world, in honour of Saint NICHOLAS.
SANTA ANA (Settlement) Spanish
The name of several places in the Spanish-speaking world, in honour of Saint ANNA.
SANTANA (Settlement) Portuguese
The name of several places in the Portuguese-speaking world, in honour of Saint ANNA.
SANTIAGO (Settlement) Spanish, Portuguese
This is the name of several cities in Spain and Portugal, so-named for Saint JAMES (see the given name SANTIAGO for more information). It is also used for many other cities in the Spanish and Portuguese-speaking worlds, notably the capital city of Chile.
SARBIYA (Country) Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of SERBIA.
SÁRKÖZ (Region) Hungarian
Derived from Hungarian sár "mud" and köz "margin, lane". This is the name of a region in Hungary.
SAXONY (Region & Political Subdivision) English
From the name of the Germanic tribe of the Saxons, ultimately derived from Germanic sahs meaning "knife". This is the name of a historical region in Germany, and appears in the names of the German states of Saxony, Lower Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt.
SCHLESIEN (Region) German
German form of SILESIA.
SCHOORL (Settlement) Dutch
From older Scoronlo, meaning "forest by the shore" in Dutch. This is the name of a town in the province of Noord-Holland in the Netherlands.
SCHWEDEN (Country) German
German form of SWEDEN.
SCHWEIZ (Country) German, Swedish
From the name of the town and canton of SCHWYZ. This is the German and Swedish name of Switzerland.
SCHWYTZ (Settlement & Political Subdivision) French
French form of SCHWYZ.
SCHWYZ (Settlement & Political Subdivision) German, English, Spanish
Meaning uncertain, possibly related to Old High German suedan "to burn" or possibly of Celtic origin. This is the name of a town (and a canton named for it) in central Switzerland.
SCIACCA (Settlement) Italian
Meaning uncertain, perhaps of Arabic origin. This is the name of a town on Sicily.
SCOTLAND (Country) English
Means "land of the Scots", from Latin Scoti meaning "Gaelic speaker". This is the name of a country (part of the United Kingdom) in the north of the island of Great Britain.
SEABROOK (Settlement) English
From the old name of a river combined with Old English broc "stream". This is the name of a town in Buckinghamshire, England.
SEELAND (Political Subdivision & Country) German
German form of ZEALAND.
SELA (Settlement) Biblical
Means "rock" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a city, the capital of Edom. In the Greek and Latin Old Testament the name is translated as Petra, though it may be distinct from the Nabataean city.
SELA' (Settlement) Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of SELA.
SELBY (Settlement) English
From Old Norse selja "willow, sallow" and býr "farm, settlement". This is the name of a city near York in England.
SENEGAAL (River & Country) Western African, Wolof
Wolof form of SENEGAL.
SÉNÉGAL (River & Country) French
French form of SENEGAL.
SENEGAL (River & Country) Portuguese, English, Spanish, Italian, German, Croatian, Serbian
From Portuguese, possibly from the name of the Berber Zenaga people of northern Senegal. This is the name of a river in western Africa, and a country named after it. It gained independence from France in 1960.
SERBIA (Country) English, Romanian, Italian, Spanish, Polish
From Serbian Србија (Srbija), of uncertain meaning. This is the name of a Balkan country in southeastern Europe.
SERBIE (Country) French
French form of SERBIA.
SERBIEN (Country) German
German form of SERBIA.
SERVIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of SERBIA.
SGITHEANACH (Island) Scottish
Scottish Gaelic form of SKYE.
SHANNON (River) Irish
Probably from Old Irish sen meaning "old, ancient". This is the name of a river in Ireland. It is personified by the goddess Sionann.
SHARON (Region) Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "plain" in Hebrew, referring to the fertile plain near the coast of Israel.
SHENANDOAH (River) English, Native American, Iroquois
Meaning uncertain, possibly of Iroquois origin. This is the name of a river in the eastern United States.
SHERBORNE (Settlement) English
From Old English scir "bright" and burna "spring, fountain, stream". This is the name of several towns in England.
SHERBURN (Settlement) English
Variant of SHERBORNE, also the name of several English towns.
SHIRAZ (Settlement) Persian
Meaning unknown. The name is recorded in Elamite as Tiraziš. This is the name of a city in southern Iran.
SHQIPËRI (Country) Albanian
From Albanian shqip meaning "Albanian", which is of uncertain origin. It is possibly from shqipe, a variant of shkabë meaning "eagle". It could also be from shqipoj meaning "to say clearly". This is the modern Albanian name for Albania, replacing Arbënia around the 18th century. It is usually written with the definite article suffixed: Shqipëria.
SIDNEY (Island) English
Means "wide island", from Old English sid "wide" and eg "island". This is the name of a place in Surrey.
SILESIA (Region) English, Spanish, Ancient Roman
From Mount ŚLĘŻA or the River ŚLĘZA. This is the name of a historical region in southern Poland, with portions in the Czech Republic and Germany.
SILÉSIE (Region) French
French form of SILESIA.
SIN (Country) Arabic
Arabic form of CHINA. It is properly written with the definite article: الصين (al-Sin).
SINDHU (River) Sanskrit
Sanskrit form of INDUS.
SIONAINN (River) Irish
Irish form of SHANNON.
SIRIA (Country) Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of SYRIA.
SKYE (Island) Scottish
Anglicized form of Gaelic Sgitheanach, meaning unknown. This is the name of an island off the west coast of Scotland.
SLANE (Settlement) Irish
From the given name SLÁINE. This is the name of a town in Ireland, said to be named for the legendary high king Sláine.
ŚLĄSK (Region) Polish
Polish form of SILESIA.
ŚLĘŻA (Mountain) Polish
Possibly named after the Germanic tribe the Silingi or from a Slavic root meaning "humid, damp". This is the name of a mountain in Silesia, Poland.
ŚLĘZA (River) Polish
Variant of ŚLĘŻA. This is the name of a river in Silesia, Poland.
SLEZSKO (Region) Czech
Czech form of SILESIA.
SLOVAKIA (Country) English, Norwegian, Finnish
From Slovák, the Slovak form of medieval Slavic slovene, referring to the tribe of the Slavs. This is the name of a country in central Europe.
SLOVAKIEN (Country) Swedish
Swedish form of SLOVAKIA.
SLOVAKIET (Country) Danish
Danish form of SLOVAKIA.
SLOVAQUIE (Country) French
French form of SLOVAKIA.
SLOVAŠKA (Country) Slovene
Slovene form of SLOVAKIA.
SLOVENIA (Country) English, Italian, Romanian, Norwegian, Finnish
From Slovene, the language of the Slovenes, derived from the medieval Slavic tribal name slovene meaning "Slavs". This is the name of a country in central Europe.
SLOVÉNIE (Country) French
French form of SLOVENIA.
SLOVENIEN (Country) Danish, Swedish
Danish and Swedish form of SLOVENIA.
SLOVENIJA (Country) Slovene, Croatian, Serbian
From medieval Slavic slovene referring to the tribe of the Slavs. This is the Slovene name for Slovenia.
SLOVENIYA (Country) Russian
Russian and Bulgarian form of SLOVENIA.
SLOVENSKO (Country) Slovak, Czech
From medieval Slavic slovene referring to the tribe of the Slavs. This is the Slovak name for Slovakia.
SLOVINSKO (Country) Czech, Slovak
Czech and Slovak form of SLOVENIA.
SŁOWACJA (Country) Polish
Polish form of SLOVAKIA.
SLOWAKEI (Country) German
German form of SLOVAKIA.
SLOWENIEN (Country) German
German form of SLOVENIA.
SOEDAN (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of SUDAN.
SOMALI (Country) Russian
Russian form of SOMALIA.
SOMALIA (Country) English, Italian, Spanish, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Polish
From the ethnic name Somali, of uncertain meaning. The Somali people connect it to their mythical ancestor Samaale. Italian and British colonists applied the ethnic name to the Horn of Africa region in the 19th century. It became an independent country in 1960.
SOMALIE (Country) French
French form of SOMALIA.
SOMALIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of SOMALIA.
SOMALIJA (Country) Croatian, Serbian
Croatian and Serbian form of SOMALIA.
SOOMAALIYA (Country) Eastern African, Somali
Somali form of SOMALIA.
SOUDAN (Country) French
French form of SUDAN.
SOUSA (River) Portuguese
Possibly derived from Latin salsus "salty" or saxa "rocks", but likely of pre-Latin origin. This is the name of a river in Portugal.
SPAGNA (Country) Italian
Italian form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
SPAIN (Country) English
Derived from Hispania, the Latin name of the Iberian Peninsula, which is of uncertain origin. It could be derived from Punic I-Shaphan meaning "land of the rabbits".
ŠPANĚLSKO (Country) Czech
Czech form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
SPANIA (Country) Romanian, Norwegian
Romanian and Norwegian form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
ŠPANIELSKO (Country) Slovak
Slovak form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
SPANIEN (Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
ŠPANIJA (Country) Serbian
Serbian form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
SPANJE (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
ŠPANJOLSKA (Country) Croatian
Croatian form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
SRBIJA (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Slovene
Serbian, Croatian and Slovene form of SERBIA.
STIRLING (Settlement) English
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a city in Scotland.
ST JOHN (Settlement) English
Name commemorating Saint JOHN. This is the name of several towns in England.
STOCCOLMA (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of STOCKHOLM.
STOCKHOLM (Settlement) Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, English, German, Dutch, French
From Swedish stock "log" and holme "islet". The islet probably referred to Helgeandsholmen in central Stockholm. This is the name of the capital city of Sweden. The first written mention of the name occurs in 1252.
STOKGOLM (Settlement) Russian
Russian form of STOCKHOLM.
SUDÁN (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of SUDAN.
SUDAN (Country) English, Arabic, German, Italian
From Arabic سُود (sud) meaning "black", referring to the darker skin of the inhabitants. This is the name of a country in Africa. In Arabic it is properly written with the definite article: السُودان (al-Sudan).
SUDÃO (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of SUDAN.
SUÉCIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of SWEDEN.
SUECIA (Country) Spanish, Late Roman
Spanish and Latin form of SWEDEN.
SUÈDE (Country) French
French form of SWEDEN.
SUISSE (Country) French
French cognate of SCHWEIZ, used as the French name for Switzerland.
SUIZA (Country) Spanish
Spanish cognate of SCHWEIZ. This is the Spanish name for Switzerland.
SUMAL (Country) Arabic
Arabic form of SOMALIA, usually written with the definite article: الصومال (al-Sumal).
SUOMI (Country) Finnish
Possibly from the Balto-Slavic root zeme meaning "ground, earth". This is the Finnish name for Finland.
SURIYA (Country) Arabic
Arabic form of SYRIA.
SURİYE (Political Subdivision & Country) Turkish
Turkish form of SYRIA. This was the name of a province of the Ottoman Empire.
SURYAH (Country) Hebrew
Hebrew form of SYRIA.
SVERIGE (Country) Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
From Swedish svear "Swede" and rike "realm, kingdom". This is the Swedish, Norwegian and Danish name for Sweden.
SVEZIA (Country) Italian
Italian form of SWEDEN.
SVITTO (Settlement & Political Subdivision) Italian
Italian form of SCHWYZ.
SVIZZERA (Country) Italian
Italian cognate of SCHWEIZ, used as the Italian name for Switzerland.
SWEDEN (Country) English, Medieval Dutch
From Middle Dutch, ultimately from the Old Norse ethnic name Svíar "Swede", itself possibly from Proto-Norse Swihoniz meaning "one's own tribe". This is the name of a country in northern Europe.
SWITZ (Settlement) Medieval German
Medieval German form of SCHWYZ.
SWITZERLAND (Country) English
From Switzer, a word meaning "Swiss", ultimately derived from the name of the Swiss town and canton of SCHWYZ, plus land. This is the name of a country in central Europe.
SYDNEY (Settlement) English
City in Australia that was named after Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney (1733-1800). His title originally came from the name of its first holder, Robert SIDNEY (1563-1626).
SYRIA (Country & Region) English, Polish, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
From Greek Συρια (Syria), which was probably a variant of ASSYRIA, used in an expanded sense to refer to the northern Levant. This was the name of a province of the Roman Empire. It is now the name of a country in western Asia, having gained independence from the Ottoman Empire early in the 20th century.
SYRIE (Country) French
French form of SYRIA.
SYRIEN (Country) German
German form of SYRIA.
SZABOLCS (Settlement & Region) Hungarian
From the given name SZABOLCS. This is the name of a town and a region in Hungary.
SZLOVÁKIA (Country) Hungarian
Hungarian form of SLOVAKIA.