Place Names Starting with A

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AALST   (Settlement)   Dutch
Possibly from Germanic alhust meaning "living place". This is the name of various towns in the Netherlands and Belgium.
AARLE   (Settlement)   Dutch
Meaning unknown. This is the name of various towns in the Netherlands.
ABNEY   (Settlement)   English
From the Old English given name Abba combined with eg "island". This is the name of a town in Derbyshire.
ACHTERBERG   (Settlement)   Low German
The name of various villages and estates in the Netherlands and Germany, derived from Low German achter "behind" and berg "mountain, hill".
ACHTHOVEN   (Settlement)   Dutch
Means "eight gardens" in Dutch. This is the name of various towns in the Netherlands.
ADRICHEM   (Settlement)   Dutch
Means "Adrik's home". This was the name of an estate and castle (demolished in 1812) that was formerly in North Holland, the Netherlands.
ÁFRICA   (Region)   Spanish
Spanish form of AFRICA.
AFRICA   (Region)   English, Ancient Roman
Of Latin origin, possibly from the Afri people who lived near Carthage in North Africa.
AITHIOPIA   (Country)   Ancient Greek
Greek form of ETHIOPIA.
ALBANIA   (Region & Country)   Late Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
Medieval Latin name for the region which was once occupied by the Illyrian tribe called Albanoi. This is the name of a country in the Balkans.
ALBANIE   (Country)   French
French form of ALBANIA.
ALEMANHA   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of ALEMANNIA, used as the Portuguese name of Germany.
ALEMANIA   (Country)   Spanish
Spanish form of ALEMANNIA, used as the Spanish name of Germany.
ALEMANNIA   (Region)   Ancient Roman
Latin name for the lands where the Alemanni lived. The Alemanni were a confederation of Germanic tribes who lived around the upper Rhine river in the time of the Roman Empire.
ALEXANDREIA   (Settlement)   Ancient Greek
Greek form of ALEXANDRIA.
ALEXANDRIA   (Settlement)   English, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek given name Αλεξανδρος (see ALEXANDER), bestowed by Alexander the Great upon the cities he founded or conquered. This is the name of many cities throughout the world, notably in Egypt.
AL-ISKANDARIYAH   (Settlement)   Arabic
Arabic form of ALEXANDRIA.
ALLEMAGNE   (Country)   French
French form of ALEMANNIA, used as the French name of Germany.
AL-QAHIRAH   (Settlement)   Arabic
Arabic form of CAIRO.
ALTENA   (Settlement)   Dutch
Possibly means "close, near" in Dutch. This is the name of a town in the Netherlands.
AMÉRICA   (Region)   Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents.
AMERICA   (Region & Country)   English, Italian, Late Roman
From the name of the explorer AMERIGO Vespucci (1451-1512). This is the name of two continents (North and South America) and is also commonly used to refer to the United States of America.
AMERIKA   (Region & Country)   German, Dutch
German and Dutch form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents and sometimes to the United States of America.
AMERSFOORT   (Settlement)   Dutch
Means "ford of the Amer (Eem) River" in Dutch. This is the name of a city in Utrecht, the Netherlands.
AMSTEL   (River)   Dutch
Means "water place" in Dutch. This is the name of a river in the Netherlands, which lent its name to Amsterdam.
AMSTERDAM   (Settlement)   Dutch, English, German, French, Polish
Means "dam on the AMSTEL" in Dutch. This is the name of the capital city of the Netherlands, first mentioned with this name in the 13th century.
ANATOLIA   (Region)   Ancient Greek
From Greek ανατολη (anatole) meaning "sunrise", a term used by the Greeks to refer to the peninsula to the east (modern Turkey).
ANDEL   (Settlement)   Dutch
Possibly means "upper forest" in Old Dutch. This is the name of a town in North Brabant in the Netherlands.
ANGEL   (Region)   Danish
Possibly derived from Germanic roots meaning "narrow, tight, tapering" or "hook". This is the name of a peninsula in northern Germany near Denmark, the original home of the Germanic tribe the Angles.
ANGELN   (Region)   German
German form of ANGEL.
ANGLAE TERRA   (Country)   Late Roman
Late Latin form of ENGLAND (a translation, meaning "land of the Angles").
ANGLETERRE   (Country)   French
French form of ANGLAE TERRA, used as the French name of England.
ANGLIA   (Country & Region)   Late Roman
Late Latin form of ENGLAND (and also of ANGEL).
ANNESLEY   (Settlement)   English
From Old English anne "alone, solitary" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a town in Nottinghamshire.
ANSLEY   (Settlement)   English
From Old English ansetl "hermitage" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a town in Warwickshire.
ANTWERP   (Settlement)   English
From Dutch Antwerpen, meaning uncertain, perhaps from Dutch werf meaning "wharf". This is the name of a city in Belgium.
ANTWERPEN   (Settlement)   Dutch
Dutch form of ANTWERP.
ANVERS   (Settlement)   French
French form of ANTWERP.
APELDOORN   (Settlement)   Dutch
Means "apple tree" in Dutch. This is the name of a city in the Netherlands.
APPLEBY   (Settlement)   English
Derived from Old English æppel "apple" and Old Norse býr "farm, settlement". This is the name of towns in England.
APPLETON   (Settlement)   English
Derived from Old English æppeltun "orchard". This is the name of towns in England.
AQUINO   (Settlement)   Italian
Derived from Latin aqua meaning "water". This is the name of a town in Italy.
ARARAT   (Mountain)   Armenian, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew, Ancient Near Eastern
From the name of the ancient kingdom of Urartu. This is the name of a mountain in Turkey (formerly part of Armenia).
ARENDONK   (Settlement)   Dutch
Derived from Dutch arend "eagle" and donk "hill". This is the name of a city in northern Belgium.
ASCH   (Settlement)   Dutch
From Old Dutch aska meaning "ash tree". This is the name of a town in the Netherlands.
ASHLEY   (Settlement)   English
From Old English æsc "ash tree" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of various towns in England.
ASHWORTH   (Settlement)   English
From Old English æsc "ash tree" and worþ "enclosure". This was the name of a town in Lancashire.
ASIA   (Region)   English, Italian, Ancient Greek
Perhaps derived from Akkadian asu, meaning "east".
ASÍS   (Settlement)   Spanish
Spanish form of ASSISI.
ASISIUM   (Settlement)   Ancient Roman
Latin form of ASSISI.
ASSENDORP   (Settlement)   Dutch
From Dutch es meaning "ash tree" (plural essen) and dorp meaning "village". This is the name of a city in the Netherlands.
ASSISE   (Settlement)   French
French form of ASSISI.
ASSISI   (Settlement)   Italian, English, German
From Latin Asisium, which is of unknown, possibly pre-Latin, origin. This is the name of a city in central Italy.
ASTNIDE   (Settlement)   Old High German (Latinized)
Old German (Latinized) form of ESSEN.
ASTON   (Settlement)   English
From Old English east "east" and tun "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of many towns in England.
ASTURIAS   (Political Subdivision)   Spanish
Possibly derived from Basque asta "rock" and ur "water". This was the name of an 8th to 10th-century kingdom of northern Iberia. It is now the name of a Spanish province.
ÄTHIOPIEN   (Country)   German
German form of ETHIOPIA.
AUBIGNY   (Settlement)   French
From the Gallo-Roman given name ALBINUS. This is the name of several French communes.
AUDLEY   (Settlement)   English
Means "EALDGYÐ's clearing" in Old English. This is the name of a village in Staffordshire, England.
AUSTRÁLIA   (Region & Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of AUSTRALIA.
AUSTRALIA   (Region & Country)   English, Italian, Spanish
Derived from Latin australis meaning "southern". It was formally adopted as the name of the continent (and later country) by the British administrators of the region in 1824.
AUSTRALIE   (Region & Country)   French
French form of AUSTRALIA.
AUSTRALIEN   (Region & Country)   German
German form of AUSTRALIA.
AYTON   (Settlement)   English
Derived from Old English ea "river" or eg "island" combined with tun "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of towns in Berwickshire and North Yorkshire.
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