Place Names Starting with A

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AARLE   (Settlement)   Dutch
Meaning unknown. This is the name of various towns in the Netherlands.
ACHTERBERG   (Settlement)   Low German
The name of various villages and estates in the Netherlands and Germany, derived from Low German achter "behind" and berg "mountain, hill".
ACHTHOVEN   (Settlement)   Dutch
Means "eight gardens" in Dutch. This is the name of various towns in the Netherlands.
ÁFRICA   (Region)   Spanish
Spanish form of AFRICA.
AFRICA   (Region)   English, Ancient Roman
Of Latin origin, possibly from the Afri people who lived near Carthage in North Africa.
ALBANIA   (Region & Country)   Late Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
Medieval Latin name for the region which was once occupied by the Illyrian tribe called Albanoi. This is the name of a country in the Balkans.
ALBANIE   (Country)   French
French form of ALBANIA.
ALEMANHA   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of ALEMANNIA, used as the Portuguese name of Germany.
ALEMANIA   (Country)   Spanish
Spanish form of ALEMANNIA, used as the Spanish name of Germany.
ALEMANNIA   (Region)   Ancient Roman
Latin name for the lands where the Alemanni lived. The Alemanni were a confederation of Germanic tribes who lived around the upper Rhine river in the time of the Roman Empire.
ALLEMAGNE   (Country)   French
French form of ALEMANNIA, used as the French name of Germany.
AL-QAHIRAH   (Settlement)   Arabic
Arabic form of CAIRO.
ALTENA   (Settlement)   Dutch
Possibly means "close, near" in Dutch. This is the name of a town in the Netherlands.
AMERICA   (Region & Country)   English
From the name of the explorer AMERIGO Vespucci (1451-1512).
ANATOLIA   (Region)   Ancient Greek
From Greek ανατολη (anatole) meaning "sunrise", a term used by the Greeks to refer to the peninsula to the east (modern Turkey).
ANGEL   (Region)   Danish
Possibly derived from Germanic roots meaning "narrow, tight, tapering" or "hook". This is the name of a peninsula in northern Germany near Denmark, the original home of the Germanic tribe the Angles.
ANGELN   (Region)   German
German form of ANGEL.
ANGLAE TERRA   (Country)   Late Roman
Late Latin form of ENGLAND (a translation, meaning "land of the Angles").
ANGLETERRE   (Country)   French
French form of ANGLAE TERRA, used as the French name of England.
ANGLIA   (Country & Region)   Late Roman
Late Latin form of ENGLAND (and also of ANGEL).
ANNESLEY   (Settlement)   English
From Old English anne "alone, solitary" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a town in Nottinghamshire.
ANSLEY   (Settlement)   English
From Old English ansetl "hermitage" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a town in Warwickshire.
APELDOORN   (Settlement)   Dutch
Means "apple tree" in Dutch. This is the name of a city in the Netherlands.
APPLEBY   (Settlement)   English
Derived from Old English æppel "apple" and Old Norse býr "farm, settlement". This is the name of towns in England.
APPLETON   (Settlement)   English
Derived from Old English æppeltun "orchard". This is the name of towns in England.
AQUINO   (Settlement)   Italian
Derived from Latin aqua meaning "water". This is the name of a town in Italy.
ARARAT   (Mountain)   Armenian, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew, Ancient Near Eastern
From the name of the ancient kingdom of Urartu. This is the name of a mountain in Turkey (formerly part of Armenia).
ARENDONK   (Settlement)   Dutch
Derived from Dutch arend "eagle" and donk "hill". This is the name of a city in northern Belgium.
ASHLEY   (Settlement)   English
From Old English æsc "ash tree" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of various towns in England.
ASHWORTH   (Settlement)   English
From Old English æsc "ash tree" and worþ "enclosure". This was the name of a town in Lancashire.
ASIA   (Region)   English, Italian, Ancient Greek
Perhaps derived from Akkadian asu, meaning "east".
ASÍS   (Settlement)   Spanish
Spanish form of ASSISI.
ASISIUM   (Settlement)   Ancient Roman
Latin form of ASSISI.
ASSENDORP   (Settlement)   Dutch
From Dutch es meaning "ash tree" (plural essen) and dorp meaning "village". This is the name of a city in the Netherlands.
ASSISE   (Settlement)   French
French form of ASSISI.
ASSISI   (Settlement)   Italian, English, German
From Latin Asisium, which is of unknown, possibly pre-Latin, origin. This is the name of a city in central Italy.
ASTON   (Settlement)   English
From Old English east "east" and tun "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of many towns in England.
ASTURIAS   (Political Subdivision)   Spanish
Possibly derived from Basque asta "rock" and ur "water". This was the name of an 8th to 10th-century kingdom of northern Iberia. It is now the name of a Spanish province.
AUDLEY   (Settlement)   English
Means "EALDGYÐ's clearing" in Old English. This is the name of a village in Staffordshire, England.
AUSTRALIA   (Region & Country)   English
Derived from Latin australis meaning "southern".
AYTON   (Settlement)   English
Derived from Old English ea "river" or eg "island" combined with tun "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of towns in Berwickshire and North Yorkshire.
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