VALENCIA (Settlement & Region) Spanish, Italian, English, German
The name of a city and surrounding region in eastern Spain, originally named in Latin Valentia (Edetanorum)
meaning "strength (of the Edetani people)"
, and derived from Latin valentius
"strength, vigour", from valens
"strong, vigorous". Besides the city in Spain, this is also the name of a city in Venezuala.
VENETIA (Region & Settlement) Ancient Roman, Late Roman, Greek
From the name of the Veneti people who inhabited northeastern Italy in ancient times. Their tribal name possibly meant something like "kinfolk" or "friendly". This was the Latin name for the region now called Veneto
, and later the Latin name for the city of Venice
(which did not exist in the classical period).
VENETO (Political Subdivision) Italian, English
The name of a region in northeastern Italy, called VENETIA
in Latin, named after the Veneti people who lived there in ancient times.
VENEZUELA (Country) Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, French, English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Czech, Slovak, Hungarian, Romanian, Slovene, Croatian, Albanian, Turkish, Indonesian, Malay
Possibly from Italian Veneziola
meaning "little VENICE"
. This is the name of a country on the northern coast of South America. The region was supposedly named this in 1499 by a Spanish expedition (which included Amerigo Vespucci) because an indigenous town on Lake Maracaibo was built on stilts over the water, reminiscent of the Italian city. Another theory suggests that the country's name comes from Veneciuela
, the name of a local people.
VENICE (Settlement) English
From Italian Venezia
, derived from Latin VENETIA
. This is the name of a city of northeastern Italy, the capital of the Veneto region, famous for its canals.
VENKATA (Mountain) Indian, Hindi, Sanskrit
Possibly means "self-born"
in Sanskrit. This is the name of a sacred hill in southern India.
VICTORIA (Political Subdivision, Settlement & Body of Water) English
From the given name VICTORIA
. It has generally been bestowed in honour of Queen Victoria (1819-1901). This is the name of many places in the former British Empire, including an Australian state and a Canadian city.
VIENNA (Settlement) English, Italian
Meaning uncertain. It could be from Celtic vedunia
meaning "forest stream"
, or possibly from the name of an earlier Roman settlement VINDOBONA
. This is the name of the capital of Austria.
VIETNAM (Country) English, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Italian, Spanish, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Greek, Indonesian, Malay
From Việt Nam
, meaning "southern Yue"
, derived from Sino-Vietnamese 越 (việt)
, referring to the Yue people, and 南 (nam)
meaning "south". This is the name of a country in southeastern Asia.
VINDOBONA (Settlement) Ancient Roman
From Celtic windos
"white" and bona
"foundation, fort". This was a Roman military town on the site of the Austrian city of Vienna
VIRO (Country) Finnish
From the name of the old region of Virumaa
in northern Estonia, which got its name from the Finnic tribe of the Vironians. This is the Finnish name for Estonia
VITI (Country & Island) Fijian, English
Fijian form of FIJI
. This name is also used in English (and other languages) to refer to the main Fijian island of Viti Levu.