PADUA (Settlement) English, German, Spanish, Dutch
From Italian Padova
, Latin Patavium
, of unknown meaning. This is the name of a city in northern Italy.
PAKISTAN (Country) Urdu, Punjabi, English, Italian, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Polish, Slovak, Russian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Serbian
From Persian پاک (pak)
meaning "pure" and the suffix ستان (stan)
meaning "land of". The name was coined in 1933 by the Pakistani nationalist Choudhry Rahmat Ali who justified it as an acronym of Punjab, Afghania, Kashmir and Sindh, plus the final three letters of Baluchistan.
PARIS (Settlement) French, English, German
From the ancient Celtic tribe known as the Parisii. This is the capital city of France.
PAVIA (Settlement) Italian, English
From Late Latin Papia
, of unknown meaning. This is the name of a city in northern Italy. In classical Latin it was called Ticinum
PAYS-BAS (Country) French
From French pays
"country, land" and bas
"low". This is the French name for the Netherlands
(for which it is also a translation).
PEKING (Settlement) German, Dutch, Luxembourgish, Swedish, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, English (Archaic)
Form of BEIJING
in various languages, as well as an older English form.
PERSIA (Country) Ancient Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
Latin form of Greek Περσίς (Persis)
, from Old Persian Parsa
. This is the name used in the West for a region in western Asia, as well as several empires that were based there, including the Achaemenid Empire, Parthian Empire, and Sasanian Empire. This was also the Western name for the country of Iran until 1935, when the king requested that the native name Iran
be used instead.
PERU (Country) English, Portuguese, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Russian, Ukrainian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Hungarian, Croatian, Serbian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Turkish, Azerbaijani, Georgian, Indian, Hindi
From Spanish Perú
, older Birú
, which was possibly derived from the name of a chieftain (who nevertheless resided in modern-day Panama).
PESARO (Settlement) Italian, English
From Latin Pisaurum
, of uncertain meaning. This is the name of a city in central Italy.
PEST (Settlement) Hungarian
Possibly from a Slavic word meaning "cave"
. This was the name of a city on the east bank of the Danube in Hungary. After a bridge was built across the river in 1849, Pest merged with Buda
to form Budapest
PETRA (Settlement) Ancient Greek, English
From Greek πέτρα (petra)
. This was the Greek name of the capital city of the Nabataeans, which may have been known as Raqmu
to its Semitic inhabitants. Its ruins lie in Jordan
PEY (Settlement) Dutch
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a town in Limburg in the Netherlands.
PEYTON (Settlement) English
Means "PÆGA's town"
. This is the name of a town in Sussex.
PHILADELPHIA (Settlement) Biblical, English
Means "brotherly love"
from Greek φιλέω (phileo)
meaning "to love" and ἀδελφός (adelphos)
meaning "brother". This was the name of a city in Asia Minor mentioned in Revelation in the New Testament. It is now known as Alaşehir
(in Turkey). It is also the name of a city in the United States.
PHILIPPINES (Country) English, French
From Spanish Filipinas
, which was derived from the given name FELIPE
, bestowed in honour of King Phillip II of Spain by the Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos, who originally used it only to refer to the islands of Leyte and Samar. It now refers to the entire archipelago and nation of the Philippines in southeastern Asia. In English it is usually referred to using the definite article, the
PIEŃSK (Settlement) Polish
Derived from Polish pień
meaning "stump, tree trunk"
. This is the name of a town in Silesia in Poland.
POIX (Settlement) French
Possibly from Old French peis
. This is the name of a town in Picardy, France.
POLAND (Country) English
From the name of the Slavic tribe of the Poles, derived from the medieval Slavic word polje
meaning "field", combined with land
. This is the name of a country in eastern Europe.
PONTECORVO (Settlement) Italian
From Italian ponte
"bridge" and curvo
"curved". This is the name of a town in central Italy.
PORTUGAL (Country) Portuguese, English, French, Spanish, Galician, Catalan, German, Dutch, Luxembourgish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Estonian, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Indonesian, Malay
, which was derived from PORTUS CALE
, the old name of the city of Porto. The name of the city was later applied to the entire country.
PRAG (Settlement) German, Swedish, Danish, Icelandic, Luxembourgish, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Turkish
German, Swedish, Danish, Icelandic, Luxembourgish, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian and Turkish form of Praha
PRAGA (Settlement) Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Polish, Slovene, Russian, Bulgarian, Greek
Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Polish, Slovene, Russian, Bulgarian and Greek form of Praha
PRAGUE (Settlement) English, French
From Czech Praha
, possibly from the Slavic root práh
. This is the name of the capital city of the Czech Republic.
PRIESTLEY (Settlement) English
From Old English preost
"priest" and leah
"woodland, clearing". This is the name of a few small towns in England.
PROVENCE (Region) French, English, German
From Latin provincia
, a Roman territorial division. This is the name a region in southern France, originally acquiring its name because it was the first Roman province beyond the Alps.