PERSIA(Country)Ancient Roman, English, Spanish, Italian Latin form of Greek Περσίς (Persis), from Old Persian Parsa. This is the name used in the West for a region in western Asia, as well as several empires that were based there, including the Achaemenid Empire, Parthian Empire, and Sasanian Empire. This was also the Western name for the country of Iran until 1935, when the king requested that the native name Iran be used instead.
PESARO(Settlement)Italian, English From Latin Pisaurum, of uncertain meaning. This is the name of a city in central Italy.
PEST(Settlement)Hungarian Possibly from a Slavic word meaning "cave". This was the name of a city on the east bank of the Danube in Hungary. After a bridge was built across the river in 1849, Pest merged with Buda to form Budapest in 1873.
PETRA(Settlement)Ancient Greek, English From Greek πέτρα (petra) meaning "rock". This was the Greek name of the capital city of the Nabataeans, which may have been known as Raqmu to its Semitic inhabitants. Its ruins lie in Jordan.
PEY(Settlement)Dutch Meaning unknown. This is the name of a town in Limburg in the Netherlands.
PHILADELPHIA(Settlement)Biblical, English Means "brotherly love" from Greek φιλέω (phileo) meaning "to love" and ἀδελφός (adelphos) meaning "brother". This was the name of a city in Asia Minor mentioned in Revelation in the New Testament. It is now known as Alaşehir (in Turkey). It is also the name of a city in the United States.
PHILIPPINES(Country)English, French From Spanish Filipinas, which was derived from the given name FELIPE, bestowed in honour of King Phillip II of Spain by the Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos, who originally used it only to refer to the islands of Leyte and Samar. It now refers to the entire archipelago and nation of the Philippines in southeastern Asia. In English it is usually referred to using the definite article, the.
PIEŃSK(Settlement)Polish Derived from Polish pień meaning "stump, tree trunk". This is the name of a town in Silesia in Poland.
PROVENCE(Region)French, English, German From Latin provincia meaning "province", a Roman territorial division. This is the name a region in southern France, originally acquiring its name because it was the first Roman province beyond the Alps.