LANDAU (Settlement) German
From Old High German lant
meaning "land" and auwa
meaning "damp valley". This is the name of a town in the Palatinate region of Germany.
LANGLEY (Settlement) English
From Old English lang
"long" and leah
"woodland, clearing". This is the name of numerous towns in the United Kingdom and North America.
LAOS (Country) French, English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, Estonian, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Tajik, Uzbek, Turkmen, Greek, Turkish, Azerbaijani, Armenian, Indian, Hindi, Nepali, Malay, Indonesian, Tagalog, Filipino
The name of a country in southeastern Asia, derived from the Lao people, the majority ethnic group. Their name may be derived from an Austroasiatic root meaning "human". The name Laos
was originally applied to the region by France, who established it as a colony in 1893. It achieved independence in 1953.
LASSY (Settlement) French
Derived from Lascius
, a Gallo-Roman name of unknown meaning. This is the name of a commune in Calvados, France.
LAYTON (Settlement) English
From Old English leac
"leek, herb" and tun
"enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of towns in England.
LECCE (Settlement & Political Subdivision) Italian
From Latin Licea
, earlier Lupiae
. This is the name of a city in southern Italy, as well as a province named for it.
LEHI (Region) Biblical
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the site where the hero Samson
killed 1,000 men using only a donkey's jawbone.
LEIRE (Mountain) Basque
Possibly from Latin legionarius
meaning "pertaining to a legion"
. This is the name of a mountain in Navarre, the site of an old monastery.
LEITZKAU (Settlement) German
Possibly of Slavic origin. This is the name of a town in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
LENNOX (Region) Scottish
From Gaelic Leamhnachd
, possibly meaning "lace of elms"
. This is the name of a district in Scotland.
LESSELYN (Region) Medieval Scottish
Probably from Gaelic leas celyn
meaning "garden of holly"
. This was the name of a location in Aberdeenshire.
LIBERIA (Country) English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Italian, Spanish, Polish
Derived from Latin liber
. This was the name of a colony established in western Africa by free African Americans in the 1820s. It declared its independence in 1847, and was one of only two independent countries in Africa in the early 20th century (along with Ethiopia
LINCOLN (Settlement) English
Derived from Brythonic lindo
"lake, pool" and Latin colonia
"colony". This is a city in eastern England, called Lindum Colonia
by the Romans.
LINDSEY (Region) English
Means "LINCOLN island"
in Old English. This is the name of a region and historical kingdom in Lincolnshire.
LINTON (Settlement) English
From Old English lind
"linden tree" or lin
"flax" combined with tun
meaning "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of several towns in the United Kingdom.
LINWOOD (Settlement) English
From Old English lind
"linden tree" and wudu
meaning "wood, forest". This is the name of a few English towns.
LITHUANIA (Country) English
From a Latinized form of Lithuanian Lietuva
, possibly derived from the name of the small river Letavka. This is the name of a country in the Baltic region of northern Europe.
LITVA (Country) Russian, Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Slovene, Bulgarian, Georgian
Russian, Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Slovene, Bulgarian and Georgian form of Lietuva
LIVET (Settlement) French
Possibly of Gaulish origin. This is the name of several communes in France (especially Normandy).
LORETO (Settlement) Italian, Spanish
From Latin Lauretum
meaning "laurel grove"
. This is the name of a town in eastern Italy.
LORNE (Region) English
Possibly from the name of the legendary king of Dál Riata, Loarn mac Eirc. This is the name of a region in western Scotland.
LORRAINE (Political Subdivision) French, English
Ultimately from Latin Lothari regnum
meaning "kingdom of LOTHAR"
. Lothar was a Frankish king, the great-grandson of Charlemagne, whose realm was in the part of France now called Lorraine
, or in German Lothringen
LOYOLA (Settlement) Spanish
From Basque Loiola
, from loi
. This is the name of a place near the town of Azpeitia in the Basque Country of Spain.
LYNDON (Settlement) English
From Old English lind
"linden tree" and dun
meaning "hill". This is the name of a few towns in the United Kingdom.
LYON (Settlement) French, English, German
From Latin Lugdunum
, derived from the name of the Celtic god LUGUS
combined with Gaulish dunon
meaning "hill fort, citadel". This is the name of a city in central France.