ZABALA (Settlement) Basque
From Basque zabal
meaning "large, wide"
. This is the name of a district within the city of Bilbao in Spain.
ZAIRE (River & Country) Portuguese, English
Older name of the Congo
River, said to be derived via Portuguese from Kikongo nzadi o nzere
meaning "river swallowing rivers"
. This was also the former name of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
ZEALAND (Country) English, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish
From Dutch Zeeland
, from Middle Dutch Seelant
, derived from see
"sea" and lant
"land". This is the name of a province in the western Netherlands (now typically called Zeeland
in many languages). It is also borne by the country of New Zealand in the southern Pacific, which was named by the Dutch in the 17th century.
ZHONGGUO (Country) Chinese
Means "middle kingdom"
, from Chinese 中 (zhōng)
meaning "middle" and 国 (guó)
meaning "country, state". This is the Chinese name for China
. The name originally referred to China's central regions, as opposed to the territory on the fringes.