Place Names Starting with S

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SAINT CLAIR   (Settlement)   French
Name commemorating Saint CLAIR. This is the name of several communes in France.
SAINT DENIS   (Settlement)   French
Name commemorating Saint DENIS. This is the name of several communes in France.
SAINT MAUR   (Settlement)   French
Name commemorating Saint MAURUS. This is the name of several communes in France.
SANTIAGO   (Settlement)   Spanish, Portuguese
This is the name of several cities in the Spain and Portugal, so-named for Saint JAMES (see the given name SANTIAGO for more information). It is also used for many other cities in the Spanish and Portuguese-speaking worlds, notably the capital city of Chile.
SCHOORL   (Settlement)   Dutch
From older Scoronlo, meaning "forest by the shore" in Dutch. This is the name of a town in the province of Noord-Holland in the Netherlands.
SCHWEDEN   (Country)   German
German form of SWEDEN.
SCOTLAND   (Country)   English
Means "land of the Scots", from Latin Scoti meaning "Gaelic speaker".
SGITHEANACH   (Island)   Scottish
Scottish Gaelic form of SKYE.
SHANNON   (River)   Irish
Probably from Old Irish sen meaning "old, ancient". This is the name of a river in Ireland. It is personified by the goddess Sionann.
SHARON   (Region)   Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "plain" in Hebrew, referring to the fertile plain near the coast of Israel.
SHENANDOAH   (River)   English, Native American, Iroquois
Meaning uncertain, possibly of Iroquois origin. This is the name of a river in the eastern United States.
SHIRAZ   (Settlement)   Persian
Meaning unknown. The name is recorded in Elamite as Tiraziš. This is the name of a city in southern Iran.
SIDNEY   (Island)   English
Means "wide island", from Old English sid "wide" and eg "island". This is the name of a place in Surrey.
SINDHU   (River)   Sanskrit
Sanskrit form of INDUS.
SIONAINN   (River)   Irish
Irish form of SHANNON.
SKYE   (Island)   Scottish
Anglicized form of Gaelic Sgitheanach, meaning unknown. This is the name of an island off the west coast of Scotland.
SLOVAKIA   (Country)   English, Norwegian, Finnish
From Slovak, the Slovak form of medieval Slavic slovene, referring to the tribe of the Slavs. This is the name of a country in central Europe.
SLOVAKIEN   (Country)   Swedish
Swedish form of SLOVAKIA.
SLOVAKIET   (Country)   Danish
Danish form of SLOVAKIA.
SLOVAQUIE   (Country)   French
French form of SLOVAKIA.
SLOVAŠKA   (Country)   Slovene
Slovene form of SLOVAKIA.
SLOVENIA   (Country)   English, Italian, Romanian, Norwegian, Finnish
From Slovene, the language of the Slovenes, derived from the medieval Slavic tribal name slovene meaning "Slavs". This is the name of a country in central Europe.
SLOVÉNIE   (Country)   French
French form of SLOVENIA.
SLOVENIEN   (Country)   Danish, Swedish
Danish and Swedish form of SLOVENIA.
SLOVENIJA   (Country)   Slovene, Croatian, Serbian
From medieval Slavic slovene referring to the tribe of the Slavs. This is the Slovene name for Slovenia.
SLOVENIYA   (Country)   Russian
Russian and Bulgarian form of SLOVENIA.
SLOVENSKO   (Country)   Slovak, Czech
From medieval Slavic slovene referring to the tribe of the Slavs. This is the Slovak name for Slovakia.
SLOVINSKO   (Country)   Czech, Slovak
Czech and Slovak form of SLOVENIA.
SŁOWACJA   (Country)   Polish
Polish form of SLOVAKIA.
SLOWAKEI   (Country)   German
German form of SLOVAKIA.
SLOWENIEN   (Country)   German
German form of SLOVENIA.
SOUSA   (River)   Portuguese
Possibly derived from Latin salsus "salty" or saxa "rocks", but likely of pre-Latin origin. This is the name of a river in Portugal.
SPAGNA   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
SPAIN   (Country)   English
Derived from Hispania, the Latin name of the Iberian Peninsula, which is of uncertain origin. It could be derived from Punic I-Shaphan meaning "land of the rabbits".
SPANIEN   (Country)   German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
SPANJE   (Country)   Dutch
Dutch form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
STOCCOLMA   (Settlement)   Italian
Italian form of STOCKHOLM.
STOCKHOLM   (Settlement)   Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, English, German, Dutch, French
From Swedish stock "log" and holme "islet". The islet probably referred to Helgeandsholmen in central Stockholm. This is the name of the capital city of Sweden. The first written mention of the name occurs in 1252.
STOKGOLM   (Settlement)   Russian
Russian form of STOCKHOLM.
SUÉCIA   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of SWEDEN.
SUECIA   (Country)   Spanish, Late Roman
Spanish and Latin form of SWEDEN.
SUÈDE   (Country)   French
French form of SWEDEN.
SUOMI   (Country)   Finnish
Possibly from the Balto-Slavic root zeme meaning "ground, earth". This is the Finnish name for Finland.
SVERIGE   (Country)   Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
From Swedish svear "Swede" and rike "realm, kingdom". This is the Swedish, Norwegian and Danish name for Sweden.
SVEZIA   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of SWEDEN.
SWEDEN   (Country)   English
From Middle Dutch Zweden, ultimately from the Old Norse ethnic name Svíar "Swede", itself possibly from Proto-Norse Swihoniz meaning "one's own tribe". This is the name of a country in northern Europe.
SYDNEY   (Settlement)   English
City in Australia which was named after Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney (1733-1800). His title originally came from the name of its first holder, Robert SIDNEY (1563-1626).
SZLOVÁKIA   (Country)   Hungarian
Hungarian form of SLOVAKIA.
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