IBARRA (Settlement) Basque, Spanish
Derived from Basque ibar
. This is the name of a few Basque towns.
IGAUNIJA (Country) Latvian
From Latvian igaunis
, derived from the name of the old region of Ugandi
in southern Estonia. This is the Latvian name of Estonia
INDIA (Country) English, Italian, Spanish, Dutch, Norwegian, Estonian, Slovak, Hungarian, Romanian, Albanian, Greek, Indonesian, Malay, Thai, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
Derived from the name of the INDUS
River. In many languages of India, the name Bharat
is used to refer to the country. However, some southern Indian languages use spellings based on English India
INDIANA (Political Subdivision) English
Means "land of the Indians"
. This is the name of an American state.
INDIJA (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian, Latvian, Lithuanian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian, Latvian and Lithuanian form of INDIA
INDO (Country) Japanese, Korean
Japanese and Korean form of INDIA
. It is usually written in katakana in Japan and Hangul in Korea.
INDONESIA (Country) Indonesian, Malay, Buginese, Minangkabau, English, Italian, Spanish, Norwegian, Finnish, Korean, Late Greek
From Greek Ἰνδός (Indos)
, referring to the INDUS
, combined with νῆσος (nesos)
meaning "island". This name has been used since the 18th century by colonial powers to refer to the Indonesian archipelago and since 1945 to refer to the independent nation.
INDUS (River) English, Ancient Roman
From Old Persian Hindus
, which was from Sanskrit सिन्धु (Sindhu)
meaning "body of trembling water, river"
. This is the name of a river in Pakistan and India.
IRAK (Country) German, French, Spanish, Dutch, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, Finnish, Hungarian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Croatian, Serbian, Slovak, Greek, Armenian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Thai, Lao, Mongolian, Indonesian
Form of IRAQ
in several languages.
IRAN (Country) Persian, Arabic, English, French, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Romanian, Russian, Ukrainian, Polish, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Greek, Hebrew, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Urdu, Indian, Hindi, Indonesian, Malay, Burmese, Thai, Tagalog, Filipino, Japanese, Korean, Mongolian
Derived from Middle Persian Eran
, related to Old Iranian Arya
meaning "Iranian, Aryan"
. This is the name of a country in western Asia, formerly called Persia
in the West.
IRVINE (River & Settlement) Scottish
Derived from Old Celtic meaning "green water"
. This is a river and city in North Ayrshire, Scotland.
ISRAEL (Country) English, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Indonesian, Malay, Biblical, Biblical Greek
From the name of the Old Testament hero Jacob, who was also called ISRAEL
. This was the name of an ancient kingdom that existed until the 8th century BC. The modern country of Israel is named for it.
ITALY (Country) English
Anglicized form of Italia
, originally applied by the Greeks to the south of the Italian Peninsula. It may have been borrowed from Oscan Víteliú
possibly meaning "land of bulls"
. According to Roman mythology, the region was named for ITALUS
, though in fact it was he who was named for the region.