FARNHAM (Settlement) English
From Old English fearn
"fern" and ham
"home" or ham
"water meadow, enclosure". This is the name of several towns in England, notably in Surrey.
FÁTIMA (Settlement) Portuguese
Derived from the Arabic feminine name FATIMAH
, apparently after a Moorish princess who converted to Christianity during the Reconquista. This is the name of a town in Portugal, which became an important Christian pilgrimage center after 1917 when three local children reported witnessing repeated apparitions of the Virgin Mary.
FIJI (Country) English, Portuguese, Indian, Hindi
English form of Fijian Viti
, of unknown meaning, the name of the largest island (called Viti Levu
meaning "great Viti") of the archipelago. The change from Viti
is reportedly explained by the fact that the British (on an 18th-century expedition of James Cook) first heard it pronounced this way by the neighbouring Tongans.
FILIPÓW (Settlement) Polish
Derived from the given name FILIP
. This is the name of a town in Poland.
FLANDERS (Region) English
From Middle Dutch Vlander
, from a Germanic root meaning "waterlogged"
, referring to the marshy landscape of Flanders. This is the name of the northern portion of Belgium.
FOULDEN (Settlement) English
From Old English fugol
meaning "bird" and dun
meaning "hill". This is the name of a town in Norfolk.
FRANCE (Country) French, English
From Latin Francia
meaning "land of the Franks"
. The Franks were the Germanic tribe who settled in the region in the 3rd century. They derived their tribal name from the name of a type of spear that they used.
FRANKREICH (Country) German
Derived from German Frank
, the name of a Germanic tribe, and Reich
meaning "empire, realm". This is the German name for France
FRIULI (Region) Italian, English, Spanish
From the name of the Roman town of Forum Iulii (now called Cividale del Friuli
) meaning "forum of Julius"
. This is the name of a region in northeast Italy.