Place Names Starting with A

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AALST(Settlement)Dutch
Possibly from Germanic alhust meaning "living place". This is the name of various towns in the Netherlands and Belgium.
AARLE(Settlement)Dutch
Meaning unknown. This is the name of various towns in the Netherlands.
ABILENE(Region)Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Probably from Hebrew אָבֵל ('avel) meaning "meadow, grassy place". This is the name of a place briefly mentioned in the New Testament.
ABNEY(Settlement)English
From the Old English given name Abba combined with eg "island". This is the name of a town in Derbyshire.
ACHTERBERG(Settlement)Low German
The name of various villages and estates in the Netherlands and Germany, derived from Low German achter "behind" and berg "mountain, hill".
ACHTHOVEN(Settlement)Dutch
Means "eight gardens" in Dutch. This is the name of various towns in the Netherlands.
ADRICHEM(Settlement)Dutch
Means "Adrik's home". This was the name of an estate and castle (demolished in 1812) that was formerly in North Holland, the Netherlands.
ÁFRICA(Region)Spanish
Spanish form of AFRICA.
AFRICA(Region)English, Ancient Roman
Of Latin origin, possibly from the Afri people who lived near Carthage in North Africa.
AITHIOPIA(Country)Ancient Greek
Greek form of ETHIOPIA.
ALBANIA(Region & Country)Late Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
Medieval Latin name for the region which was once occupied by the Illyrian tribe called Albanoi. This is the name of a country in the Balkans.
ALBANIE(Country)French
French form of ALBANIA.
ALEMANHA(Country)Portuguese
Portuguese form of ALEMANNIA, used as the Portuguese name of Germany.
ALEMANIA(Country)Spanish
Spanish form of ALEMANNIA, used as the Spanish name of Germany.
ALEMANNIA(Region)Ancient Roman
Latin name for the lands where the Alemanni lived. The Alemanni were a confederation of Germanic tribes who lived around the upper Rhine river in the time of the Roman Empire.
ALEXANDREIA(Settlement)Ancient Greek
Greek form of ALEXANDRIA.
ALEXANDRIA(Settlement)English, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek given name Αλεξανδρος (see ALEXANDER), bestowed by Alexander the Great upon the cities he founded or conquered. This is the name of many cities throughout the world, notably in Egypt.
ALGER(Settlement)French, Romanian
French and Romanian form of ALGIERS.
ALGERI(Settlement)Italian
Italian form of ALGIERS.
ALGERIA(Country)English, Italian, Romanian
The name of a country in North Africa, named after its capital city ALGIERS.
ALGÉRIE(Country)French
French form of ALGERIA.
ALGERIEN(Country)German
German form of ALGERIA.
ALGIER(Settlement)German
German form of ALGIERS.
ALGIERS(Settlement)English
From Arabic الجزائر (al-Jaza'ir) meaning "the islands". This is the name of the capital city of Algeria, so named because of the islands in its bay.
ALLEMAGNE(Country)French
French form of ALEMANNIA, used as the French name of Germany.
ALTENA(Settlement)Dutch
Possibly means "close, near" in Dutch. This is the name of a town in the Netherlands.
AMÉRICA(Region)Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents.
AMERICA(Region & Country)English, Italian, Romanian, Late Roman
From the name of the explorer AMERIGO Vespucci (1451-1512). This is the name of two continents (North and South America). As well, it is commonly used to refer to the United States of America.
AMERİKA(Region & Country)Turkish
Turkish form of AMERICA.
AMERIKA(Region & Country)German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Russian, Croatian, Serbian
Form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents and sometimes to the United States of America.
AMÉRIQUE(Region & Country)French
French form of AMERICA.
AMERSFOORT(Settlement)Dutch
Means "ford of the Amer (Eem) River" in Dutch. This is the name of a city in Utrecht, the Netherlands.
AMERYKA(Region & Country)Polish
Polish form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents and the United States of America.
AMSTEL(River)Dutch
Means "water place" in Dutch. This is the name of a river in the Netherlands, which lent its name to Amsterdam.
AMSTERDAM(Settlement)Dutch, English, German, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, French, Polish
Means "dam on the AMSTEL" in Dutch. This is the name of the capital city of the Netherlands, first mentioned with this name in the 13th century.
ANATOLIA(Region)Ancient Greek
From Greek ανατολη (anatole) meaning "sunrise", a term used by the Greeks to refer to the peninsula to the east (modern Turkey).
ANDEL(Settlement)Dutch
Possibly means "upper forest" in Old Dutch. This is the name of a town in North Brabant in the Netherlands.
ANGEL(Region)Danish
Possibly derived from Germanic roots meaning "narrow, tight, tapering" or "hook". This is the name of a peninsula in northern Germany near Denmark, the original home of the Germanic tribe the Angles.
ANGELN(Region)German
German form of ANGEL.
ANGLAE TERRA(Country)Late Roman
Late Latin form of ENGLAND (a translation, meaning "land of the Angles").
ANGLETERRE(Country)French
French form of ANGLAE TERRA, used as the French name of England.
ANGLIA(Country & Region)Late Roman, Polish, Hungarian, Romanian
Late Latin form of ENGLAND (and also of ANGEL).
ANGLIYA(Country)Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of ENGLAND.
ANNESLEY(Settlement)English
From Old English anne "alone, solitary" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a town in Nottinghamshire.
ANSLEY(Settlement)English
From Old English ansetl "hermitage" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a town in Warwickshire.
ANTWERP(Settlement)English
From Dutch Antwerpen, meaning uncertain, perhaps from Dutch werf meaning "wharf". This is the name of a city in Belgium.
ANTWERPEN(Settlement)Dutch
Dutch form of ANTWERP.
ANVERS(Settlement)French
French form of ANTWERP.
APELDOORN(Settlement)Dutch
Means "apple tree" in Dutch. This is the name of a city in the Netherlands.
APPLEBY(Settlement)English
Derived from Old English æppel "apple" and Old Norse býr "farm, settlement". This is the name of towns in England.
APPLETON(Settlement)English
Derived from Old English æppeltun "orchard". This is the name of towns in England.
AQUINO(Settlement)Italian
Derived from Latin aqua meaning "water". This is the name of a town in Italy.
ARARAT(Mountain)Armenian, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew, Ancient Near Eastern
From the name of the ancient kingdom of Urartu. This is the name of a mountain in Turkey (formerly part of Armenia).
ARENDONK(Settlement)Dutch
Derived from Dutch arend "eagle" and donk "hill". This is the name of a city in northern Belgium.
ARGEL(Settlement)Spanish
Spanish form of ALGIERS.
ARGELIA(Country)Spanish
Spanish form of ALGERIA.
ARIHA(Settlement)Arabic
Arabic form of JERICHO.
ARMENIA(Country)English, Spanish, Italian, Romanian, Greek, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek, Ancient Persian
From Greek Αρμενια (Armenia), which was from Old Persian Armina, which is itself probably of Armenia origin. This is the name of a country in the Caucasus region, called Hayastan in Armenian.
ARMÉNIE(Country)French
French form of ARMENIA.
ARMENIË(Country)Dutch
Dutch form of ARMENIA.
ARMENIEN(Country)German
German form of ARMENIA.
ARMENIYA(Country)Russian
Russian form of ARMENIA.
ASCH(Settlement)Dutch
From Old Dutch aska meaning "ash tree". This is the name of a town in the Netherlands.
ASHLEY(Settlement)English
From Old English æsc "ash tree" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of various towns in England.
ASHUR(Settlement & Region)English, Arabic, Persian, Akkadian
From Akkadian 𒀸𒋩 (Assur), meaning unknown. This was the capital city of the Assyrian Empire, supposedly named for the god Ashur, though the god was in fact probably named for the city. The empire, Assyria, was also named for it. The city was destroyed in the 14th century by the forces of Tamerlane.... [more]
ASHURAYU(Region)Akkadian
Akkadian form of ASSYRIA.
ASHWORTH(Settlement)English
From Old English æsc "ash tree" and worþ "enclosure". This was the name of a town in Lancashire.
ASIA(Region)English, Italian, Ancient Greek
Perhaps derived from Akkadian asu, meaning "east".
ASÍS(Settlement)Spanish
Spanish form of ASSISI.
ASISIUM(Settlement)Ancient Roman
Latin form of ASSISI.
ASSENDORP(Settlement)Dutch
From Dutch es meaning "ash tree" (plural essen) and dorp meaning "village". This is the name of a city in the Netherlands.
ASSIRIA(Region)Italian
Italian form of ASSYRIA.
ASSISE(Settlement)French
French form of ASSISI.
ASSISI(Settlement)Italian, English, German
From Latin Asisium, which is of unknown, possibly pre-Latin, origin. This is the name of a city in central Italy.
ASSYRIA(Region)English, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
From Greek Ασσυρια (Assyria), derived from Akkadian Ashurayu, itself from the name of the empire's capital city ASHUR. This was the name of an ancient Mesopotamian kingdom and empire.
ASSYRIE(Region)French
French form of ASSYRIA.
ASTNIDE(Settlement)Old High German (Latinized)
Old German (Latinized) form of ESSEN.
ASTON(Settlement)English
From Old English east "east" and tun "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of many towns in England.
ASTURIAS(Political Subdivision)Spanish
Possibly derived from Basque asta "rock" and ur "water". This was the name of an 8th to 10th-century kingdom of northern Iberia. It is now the name of a Spanish province.
ATENAS(Settlement)Spanish
Spanish form of ATHENS.
ATENE(Settlement)Italian
Italian form of ATHENS.
ATHEN(Settlement)German
German form of ATHENS.
ATHENAE(Settlement)Ancient Roman
Latin form of ATHENS.
ATHENAI(Settlement)Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of ATHENS.
ATHÈNES(Settlement)French
French form of ATHENS.
ATHENS(Settlement)English
From Ancient Greek Αθηναι (Athenai), meaning unknown, probably from a pre-Greek language. The Greek goddess ATHENA was probably named for the city, not vice versa. Athens is a city in eastern Greece, emerging as a powerful city-state in the classical period. It has been the capital of the modern country of Greece since 1834.
ATHINA(Settlement)Greek
Modern Greek form of ATHENS.
ÄTHIOPIEN(Country)German
German form of ETHIOPIA.
ATİNA(Settlement)Turkish
Turkish form of ATHENS.
ATINA(Settlement)Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of ATHENS.
AUBIGNY(Settlement)French
From the Gallo-Roman given name ALBINUS. This is the name of several French communes.
AUDLEY(Settlement)English
Means "EALDGYÐ's clearing" in Old English. This is the name of a village in Staffordshire, England.
AUSTRÁLIA(Region & Country)Portuguese
Portuguese form of AUSTRALIA.
AUSTRALIA(Region & Country)English, Italian, Spanish
Derived from Latin australis meaning "southern". It was formally adopted as the name of the continent (and later country) by the British administrators of the region in 1824.
AUSTRALIE(Region & Country)French
French form of AUSTRALIA.
AUSTRALIEN(Region & Country)German
German form of AUSTRALIA.
AYTON(Settlement)English
Derived from Old English ea "river" or eg "island" combined with tun "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of towns in Berwickshire and North Yorkshire.
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