Place Names Starting with A

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AALST (Settlement) Dutch
Possibly from Germanic alhust meaning "living place". This is the name of various towns in Belgium and the Netherlands.
AARLE (Settlement) Dutch
Meaning unknown. This is the name of various towns in the Netherlands.
AASIA (Region) Finnish
Finnish form of ASIA.
ABILENE (Region) Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Probably from Hebrew אָבֵל ('avel) meaning "meadow, grassy place". This is the name of a place briefly mentioned in the New Testament.
ABNEY (Settlement) English
From the Old English given name Abba combined with eg "island". This is the name of a town in Derbyshire.
ACHTERBERG (Settlement) Low German
The name of various villages and estates in the Netherlands and Germany, derived from Low German achter "behind" and berg "mountain, hill".
ACHTHOVEN (Settlement) Dutch
Means "eight gardens" in Dutch. This is the name of various towns in the Netherlands.
ADRICHEM (Settlement) Dutch
Means "Adrik's home". This was the name of an estate and castle (demolished in 1812) that was formerly in North Holland, the Netherlands.
AEGYPTUS (Country) Ancient Roman
Latin form of EGYPT.
AETHIOPIA (Country) Ancient Roman
Latin form of ETHIOPIA.
AFEGANISTÃO (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of AFGHANISTAN.
AFGANISTÁN (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of AFGHANISTAN.
AFGHANESTAN (Country) Persian
Persian form of AFGHANISTAN.
AFGHANISTAN (Country) Pashto, Arabic, Urdu, Indian, Hindi, English, German, Dutch, French, Italian
From Pashto افغانستان (Afghanistan), from the Persian ethnic name افغان (Afkhan) meaning "Afghan, Pashtun" combined with the Persian suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". This is the name of a country in central Asia.
ÁFRICA (Region) Spanish
Spanish form of AFRICA.
AFRICA (Region) English, Ancient Roman
Of Latin origin, possibly from the Afri people who lived near Carthage in North Africa.
ÄGYPTEN (Country) German
German form of EGYPT.
AIGYPTOS (Country) Greek, Ancient Greek
Greek form of EGYPT.
AITHIOPIA (Country) Greek, Ancient Greek
Greek form of ETHIOPIA.
ALANKOMAAT (Country) Finnish
From Finnish alanko "lowland" and maat "lands". This is the Finnish name for the Netherlands (for which it is also a translation).
ALBANIA (Region & Country) Late Roman, English, Spanish, Italian, Norwegian, Finnish, Polish, Indonesian, Malay
Medieval Latin name for the region that was once occupied by the Illyrian tribe called Albanoi. This is the name of a country in the Balkans.
ALBANIE (Country) French
French form of ALBANIA.
ALBANIEN (Country) German, Swedish, Danish, Luxembourgish
German, Swedish, Danish and Luxembourgish form of ALBANIA.
ALBĀNIJA (Country) Latvian
Latvian form of ALBANIA.
ALBANIJA (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Slovene, Lithuanian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Slovene and Lithuanian form of ALBANIA.
ALBANIYA (Country) Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian
Russian, Ukrainian and Bulgarian form of ALBANIA.
ALEMANHA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of ALEMANNIA, used as the Portuguese name of Germany.
ALEMANIA (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of ALEMANNIA, used as the Spanish name of Germany.
ALEMANNIA (Region) Ancient Roman
Latin name for the lands where the Alemanni lived. The Alemanni were a confederation of Germanic tribes who lived around the upper Rhine River in the time of the Roman Empire.
ALEXANDREIA (Settlement) Ancient Greek
Greek form of ALEXANDRIA.
ALEXANDRIA (Settlement) English, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek given name Ἀλέξανδρος (see ALEXANDER), bestowed by Alexander the Great upon the cities he founded or conquered. This is the name of many cities throughout the world, notably in Egypt.
ALGER (Settlement) French, Romanian
French and Romanian form of ALGIERS.
ALGERI (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of ALGIERS.
ALGERIA (Country) English, Italian, Romanian, Greek, Finnish
The name of a country in North Africa, named after its capital city ALGIERS.
ALGÉRIE (Country) French
French form of ALGERIA.
ALGERIEN (Country) German
German form of ALGERIA.
ALGERIJE (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of ALGERIA.
ALGIER (Settlement) German
German form of ALGIERS.
ALGIERS (Settlement) English, Dutch
From Arabic الجزائر (al-Jaza'ir) meaning "the islands". This is the name of the capital city of Algeria, so named because of the islands in its bay.
ALLEMAGNE (Country) French
French form of ALEMANNIA, used as the French name of Germany.
ALTENA (Settlement) Dutch
Possibly means "close, near" in Dutch. This is the name of a town in the Netherlands.
AMÉRICA (Region) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents.
AMÈRICA (Region) Catalan
Catalan form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents.
AMERICA (Region & Country) English, Italian, Romanian, Late Roman
From the name of the explorer AMERIGO Vespucci (1451-1512). This is the name of two continents (North and South America). As well, it is commonly used to refer to the United States of America.
AMERİKA (Region & Country) Turkish, Azerbaijani
Turkish and Azerbaijani form of AMERICA.
AMERIKA (Region & Country) German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Luxembourgish, Latvian, Lithuanian, Russian, Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Hungarian, Hebrew, Albanian, Armenian, Georgian, Tatar, Bashkir, Chechen, Kazakh, Uzbek, Indonesian, Malay
Form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents and sometimes to the United States of America.
AMÉRIQUE (Region & Country) French
French form of AMERICA.
AMERSFOORT (Settlement) Dutch
Means "ford of the Amer (Eem) River" in Dutch. This is the name of a city in Utrecht, the Netherlands.
AMERYKA (Region & Country) Polish, Ukrainian
Polish and Ukrainian form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents and the United States of America.
AMRIKA (Region & Country) Arabic, Persian
Arabic and Persian form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents and the United States of America.
AMSTEL (River) Dutch
Means "water place" in Dutch. This is the name of a river in the Netherlands, which lent its name to Amsterdam.
AMSTERDAM (Settlement) Dutch, English, German, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, French, Polish
Means "dam on the AMSTEL" in Dutch. This is the name of the capital city of the Netherlands, first mentioned with this name in the 13th century.
ANATOLIA (Region) Late Roman, English
Latin form of Greek ἀνατολή (anatole) meaning "sunrise", a term used by the Greeks to refer to the peninsula to the east (modern Turkey).
ANDEL (Settlement) Dutch
Possibly means "upper forest" in Old Dutch. This is the name of a town in North Brabant in the Netherlands.
ANGEL (Region) Danish
Possibly derived from Germanic roots meaning "narrow, tight, tapering" or "hook". This is the name of a peninsula in northern Germany near Denmark, the original home of the Germanic tribe the Angles.
ANGELN (Region) German
German form of ANGEL.
ANGLAE TERRA (Country) Late Roman
Late Latin form of ENGLAND (a translation, meaning "land of the Angles").
ANGLETERRE (Country) French
French form of ANGLAE TERRA, used as the French name of England.
ANGLIA (Country & Region) Late Roman, Polish, Hungarian, Romanian, Greek
Late Latin form of ENGLAND (and also of ANGEL).
ANGLIYA (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of ENGLAND.
ANGOLA (Country) Portuguese, English, Spanish, French, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Russian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Hungarian, Romanian, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Albanian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Turkish, Georgian
Portuguese form of Ngola, the royal title of the kings of Ndongo, an African kingdom that was conquered by the Portuguese in the 17th-century. It was a Portuguese colony until 1975, when it became an independent country.
ANNESLEY (Settlement) English
From Old English anne "alone, solitary" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a town in Nottinghamshire.
ANSLEY (Settlement) English
From Old English ansetl "hermitage" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a town in Warwickshire.
ANTWERP (Settlement) English
From Dutch Antwerpen, meaning uncertain, perhaps from Dutch werf meaning "wharf". This is the name of a city in Belgium.
ANTWERPEN (Settlement) Dutch, German, Luxembourgish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, Hungarian, Slovene, Croatian, Bosnian
Dutch form of ANTWERP, as well as the form in several other languages.
ANVERS (Settlement) French
French form of ANTWERP.
APELDOORN (Settlement) Dutch
Means "apple tree" in Dutch. This is the name of a city in the Netherlands.
APPLEBY (Settlement) English
Derived from Old English æppel "apple" and Old Norse býr "farm, settlement". This is the name of towns in England.
APPLETON (Settlement) English
Derived from Old English æppeltun "orchard". This is the name of towns in England.
AQUINO (Settlement) Italian
Derived from Latin aqua meaning "water". This is the name of a town in Italy.
ARARAT (Mountain) Armenian, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew, Ancient Near Eastern
From the name of the ancient kingdom of Urartu. This is the name of a mountain in Turkey (formerly part of Armenia), the place where Noah's Ark came to rest according to the Old Testament.
ARBËNIA (Country) Albanian (Archaic)
Albanian form of ALBANIA. This is no longer used as the official Albanian name of the country, which is now Shqipëri.
ARENDONK (Settlement) Dutch
Derived from Dutch arend "eagle" and donk "hill". This is the name of a city in northern Belgium.
ARGEL (Settlement) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of ALGIERS.
ARGÉLIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of ALGERIA.
ARGELIA (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of ALGERIA.
ARGENTIINA (Country) Finnish, Estonian
Finnish form of ARGENTINA, as well as an Estonian variant.
ARGENTÍNA (Country) Hungarian, Slovak, Icelandic
Hungarian, Slovak and Icelandic form of ARGENTINA.
ARGENTĪNA (Country) Latvian
Latvian form of ARGENTINA.
ARGENTİNA (Country) Azerbaijani
Azerbaijani form of ARGENTINA.
ARGENTINA (Country) Spanish, English, Portuguese, Italian, Russian, Romanian, Czech, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Estonian, Lithuanian, Georgian
From Latin argentinus meaning "silvery", a derivative of argentum meaning "silver". This is the name of a country in South America, arising from a Latinized form of Spanish Río de la Plata meaning "river of silver".
ARGENTINE (Country) French
French form of ARGENTINA.
ARGENTINI (Country) Greek
Greek form of ARGENTINA.
ARGENTINIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of ARGENTINA.
ARGENTINIEN (Country) German
German form of ARGENTINA.
ARGENTYNA (Country) Polish
Polish form of ARGENTINA.
ARHENTYNA (Country) Ukrainian
Ukrainian form of ARGENTINA.
ARIHA (Settlement) Arabic
Arabic form of JERICHO.
ARIMATHAEA (Settlement) Biblical Latin
Latin form of ARIMATHEA.
ARIMATHEA (Settlement) Biblical
From Greek Ἁριμαθαία (Harimathaia), of unknown meaning. In the New Testament this is the home town of Joseph of Arimathea. The town has not been positively identified, though רָמָתַיִם (Ramatayim) or רָמָה (Ramah) near Jerusalem has been proposed.
ARJANTİN (Country) Turkish
Turkish form of ARGENTINA.
ARMÉNIA (Country) Portuguese (European)
European Portuguese form of ARMENIA.
ARMÊNIA (Country) Portuguese (Brazilian)
Brazilian Portuguese form of ARMENIA.
ARMENIA (Country) English, Spanish, Italian, Romanian, Polish, Greek, Norwegian, Finnish, Indonesian, Malay, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek, Ancient Persian
From Greek Ἀρμενία (Armenia), which was from Old Persian Armina, which is itself probably of Armenia origin. This is the name of a country in the Caucasus region, called Hayastan in Armenian.
ARMÉNIE (Country) French
French form of ARMENIA.
ARMENIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of ARMENIA.
ARMENIEN (Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of ARMENIA.
ARMĖNIJA (Country) Lithuanian
Lithuanian form of ARMENIA.
ARMĒNIJA (Country) Latvian
Latvian form of ARMENIA.
ARMENIJA (Country) Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene
Croatian, Bosnian and Slovene form of ARMENIA.
ARMENIYA (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of ARMENIA.
ASCH (Settlement) Dutch
From Old Dutch aska meaning "ash tree". This is the name of a town in the Netherlands.
ÅSGARD (Region) Norse Mythology
Norwegian form of ASGARD.
ASGÅRD (Region) Norse Mythology
Swedish and Danish form of ASGARD.
ASGARD (Region) Norse Mythology (Anglicized)
English form of Old Norse Ásgarðr meaning "enclosure of the Æsir", composed of Old Norse áss meaning "god, Æsir" and garðr meaning "enclosure, stronghold". This is the name of the home of the Æsir gods in Norse Mythology.
ÁSGARÐR (Region) Norse Mythology
Old Norse form of ASGARD.
ÁSGARÐUR (Region) Norse Mythology
Icelandic form of ASGARD.
ASHLEY (Settlement) English
From Old English æsc "ash tree" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of various towns in England.
ASHUR (Settlement & Region) English, Arabic, Persian, Akkadian
From Akkadian 𒀸𒋩 (Assur), meaning unknown. This was the capital city of the Assyrian Empire, supposedly named for the god Ashur, though the god was in fact probably named for the city. The empire, Assyria, was also named for it. The city was destroyed in the 14th century by the forces of Tamerlane.... [more]
ASHURAYU (Region) Akkadian
Akkadian form of ASSYRIA.
ASHWORTH (Settlement) English
From Old English æsc "ash tree" and worþ "enclosure". This was the name of a town in Lancashire.
ÁSIA (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of ASIA.
ASIA (Region) English, Italian, Spanish, Romanian, Greek, Norwegian, Indonesian, Malay, Ancient Greek
Perhaps derived from Akkadian asu, meaning "east". This is the name of the world's largest continent.
ASIE (Region) French
French form of ASIA.
ASIEN (Region) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of ASIA.
ASÍS (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of ASSISI.
ASISIUM (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Latin form of ASSISI.
ASSENDORP (Settlement) Dutch
From Dutch es meaning "ash tree" (plural essen) and dorp meaning "village". This is the name of a city in the Netherlands.
ASSIRIA (Region) Italian
Italian form of ASSYRIA.
ASSISE (Settlement) French
French form of ASSISI.
ASSISI (Settlement) Italian, English, German
From Latin Asisium, which is of unknown, possibly pre-Latin, origin. This is the name of a city in central Italy.
ASSYRIA (Region) English, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
From Greek Ἀσσυρία (Assyria), derived from Akkadian Ashurayu, itself from the name of the empire's capital city ASHUR. This was the name of an ancient Mesopotamian kingdom and empire.
ASSYRIE (Region) French
French form of ASSYRIA.
ASTNIDE (Settlement) Old High German (Latinized)
Old German (Latinized) form of ESSEN.
ASTON (Settlement) English
From Old English east "east" and tun "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of many towns in England.
ASTURIAS (Political Subdivision) Spanish
Possibly derived from Basque asta "rock" and ur "water". This was the name of an 8th to 10th-century kingdom of northern Iberia. It is now the name of a Spanish province.
ATENAS (Settlement) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of ATHENS.
ATENE (Settlement) Italian, Slovene
Italian and Slovene form of ATHENS.
ATHEN (Settlement) German, Danish, Norwegian
German, Danish and Norwegian form of ATHENS.
ATHENAE (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Latin form of ATHENS.
ATHENAI (Settlement) Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of ATHENS.
ATHÈNES (Settlement) French
French form of ATHENS.
ATHENS (Settlement) English
From Ancient Greek Ἀθήναι (Athenai), meaning unknown, probably from a pre-Greek language. The Greek goddess ATHENA was probably named for the city, not vice versa. Athens is a city in eastern Greece, emerging as a powerful city-state in the classical period. It has been the capital of the modern country of Greece since 1834.
ATHINA (Settlement) Greek
Modern Greek form of ATHENS.
ÄTHIOPIEN (Country) German
German form of ETHIOPIA.
ATİNA (Settlement) Turkish
Turkish form of ATHENS.
ATINA (Settlement) Bulgarian, Serbian, Croatian, Macedonian
Bulgarian, Serbian, Croatian and Macedonian form of ATHENS.
ATTICA (Region) English, Ancient Roman
From Greek Ἀττική (Attike), derived from the name of the city of Ἀθήναι (see ATHENS). This is the name of the peninsula where Athens is located.
ATTIKE (Region) Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of ATTICA.
ATTIKI (Region) Greek
Modern Greek form of ATTICA.
AUBIGNY (Settlement) French
From the Gallo-Roman given name ALBINUS. This is the name of several French communes.
AUDLEY (Settlement) English
Means "EALDGYÐ's clearing" in Old English. This is the name of a village in Staffordshire, England.
AURELIANA (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Means "of AURELIUS" in Latin. This was the name of some Roman towns and estates.
AURELIANUM (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Means "of AURELIANUS" in Latin. This was the name of a city in Gaul (modern Orléans, France), which was renamed in honour of the 3rd-century Roman emperor Aurelian.
AUSTRÁLIA (Region & Country) Portuguese, Slovak
Portuguese and Slovak form of AUSTRALIA.
AUSTRALIA (Region & Country) English, Italian, Spanish, Norwegian, Finnish, Polish, Indonesian, Malay
Derived from Latin australis meaning "southern". It was formally adopted as the name of the continent (and later country) by the British administrators of the region in 1824.
AUSTRÁLIE (Region & Country) Czech
Czech form of AUSTRALIA.
AUSTRALIE (Region & Country) French
French form of AUSTRALIA.
AUSTRALIË (Region & Country) Dutch
Dutch form of AUSTRALIA.
AUSTRALIEN (Region & Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of AUSTRALIA.
AUSTRĀLIJA (Region & Country) Latvian
Latvian form of AUSTRALIA.
AUSTRALIJA (Region & Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Lithuanian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian and Lithuanian form of AUSTRALIA.
AVALON (Island) Arthurian Romance
The name of the island paradise to which King Arthur was brought after his death. The name of this island is perhaps related to Welsh afal meaning "apple", a fruit that was often linked with paradise.
AVGANISTAN (Country) Serbian
Serbian form of AFGHANISTAN.
AVON (River) English
Means "river" in Brythonic (modern Welsh afon). This is the name of several rivers in Britain.
AVONLEA (Settlement) Literature
Created by Lucy Maud Montgomery as the setting for her novel Anne of Green Gables (1908). She may have based the name on the Arthurian island of AVALON, though it also resembles the river name AVON and leah "woodland, clearing".
AVSTRALIYA (Region & Country) Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian
Russian, Ukrainian and Bulgarian form of AUSTRALIA.
AYTON (Settlement) English
Derived from Old English ea "river" or eg "island" combined with tun "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of towns in Berwickshire and North Yorkshire.
AZIYA (Region) Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Kazakh
Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian and Kazakh form of ASIA.
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