Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
ABAKAN (Settlement & River) Russian, English
Derived from the name Abakhan
which is the name of a mythological Turkish khan (king). His name means "bear's blood" in the Khakas language, and was bestowed to the present-day Abakan River and the city of the same name... [more]
ABERDEEN (Settlement) English (Rare)
A city in Scotland, stemming from the prefix aber- meaning 'river mouth', and the suffix -deen, which could possibly be referring to the rivers don and dee.
ABISKO (Other) Swedish
From Northern Sami Ábeskovvu
meaning "forest by the big water", from Sami áphi
"lake, sea, big water" and skovvu
, identical to Swedish skog
"forest". The "big water" is probably Torneträsk
ABKHAZIA (Country) English
From Russian Абхазия (Abkhaziya)
, which is ultimately from Georgian აფხაზეთი (Apxazeti)
derived from the Georgian exonym for the Abkhaz people, აფხაზი (Apxazi)
ÅBO (Settlement) Swedish
Possibly from Swedish å
"river" and bo
"home, dwelling" or "dweller, inhabitant". Other meanings are possible, like it being derived from the given name AABO
ACÁDIA (Country, Region & Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of both Acadia
(mostly the ancient city, but sometimes also the Akkadian Empire).
ACEH (Region) Indonesian, Minangkabau, Malay, English, Danish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Spanish, Swedish
Meaning uncertain. A popular backronym states that it is derived from Indonesian Arab, Cina, Eropa, Hindia
meaning "Arab, China, Europe, Indies" referring to the groups and regions that have historically influenced the people of Aceh... [more]
ADAM-ONDI-AHMAN (Mountain) Mormon
According to LDS theology, this is where Adam was declared Michael, the archangel.
ADYGEA (Political Subdivision) English
From Russian Адыгея (Adygeya)
which is ultimately from Adyghe адыгэ (adyge)
, the endonym of the Circassian (Adyghe) people. The ethnic name is of uncertain meaning, though it may mean "mountain between seas" or "mountain by the sea"... [more]
ADYGEYCHO (Political Subdivision) Chechen
From Chechen Адыгей (Adygey)
referring to the Adyghe (Circassian) people and чоь (cho)
meaning "place of". This is the Chechen name for ADYGEA
AE (Settlement & River) Scottish, Scots
The name of a village and a stream in Southwest Scotland. The name seems to be derived from Old Norse á
, meaning 'river'.
AFRIKA (Region) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, German, Hungarian, Lithuanian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Norwegian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek
Form of AFRICA
AGADIR (Settlement) English, Berber
Derived from Berber ⴰⴳⴰⴷⵉⵔ (agadir)
meaning "wall, enclosure, fortified building, citadel". Agadir is a port city located in southwestern MOROCCO
along the shore of the Atlantic
AIKAWA (Settlement) Japanese
This is the name of several towns in Japan. The first one (愛川) is located in Kanagawa Prefecture in eastern Japan, the second one (合川), located in Akita Prefecture in northern Japan, was merged with other towns to form the city of Kitaakita... [more]
AKERSHUS (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
The Norwegian fylke of Akershus is names after Akershus Fortress, meaning "the (fortified) house of (the district) Aker." Aker used to be a Norwegian municipality, but it is now an area in OSLO
AKIHABARA (Other) Japanese
From Japanese 秋 (aki)
meaning "autumn", 葉 (ha)
meaning "leaf" and 原 (hara)
meaning "meadow, field, plain".
AKUREYRI (Settlement) Icelandic
Combination of Icelandic akur
"field" and eyri
"sandbank". Akureyri is a town in the north of Iceland.
ALABAMA (Political Subdivision) English
Name of a state in the United States, from the name of the Native American tribe Alabama
meaning "thick cutters," from Choctaw albah
"medicinal plants" and amo
ÅLAND (Island) Swedish
Either derived from Old Norse *Ahvaland
meaning "land of water" (from ahva
"water"), or from Finnish Ahvenanmaa
"perch land" (from ahven
"perch"). Åland is an autonomous archipelago province in the BALTIC SEA
ALASKA (Political Subdivision) English
Derived from Russian Аляска (Alyaska)
, which in turn is derived from Aleut alaxsxaq
meaning "object to which the action of the sea is directed". Alaska is the largest of the 50 American states, located northwest of the United States mainland and bordering CANADA
ALBANY (Settlement) English
Name of the capital in NEW YORK
, renamed after British acquisition in 1664 in honor of the Dukes of Albany (House of Stuart), hence a name borne by their retainers.
ALBERTA (Political Subdivision) English
Name of one of the 12 provinces in CANADA
, named after Princess Louise Caroline Alberta (1848–1939), the fourth daughter of Victoria, Queen of Canada, and Albert, Prince Consort.
ALEI (River) German
German transcription of the Russian Aley River.
ALMERÍA (Settlement) Spanish
From the name of the Spanish city. Means 'the mirror of the sea.'
AL-QAHIRAH (Settlement) Arabic
It is the original form of CAIRO
the Egyptian capital city. Al-Qāhira means 'The Conquerer' because of a myth between its foundation and the planet Mars (that in Arabic is 'The Conquerer Star').
ALTAI (Political Subdivision & Mountain) English, Mongolian, Russian, Altai, Kazakh
Combination of Mongolian алт (alt)
meaning "gold" and тай (tay)
meaning "with" (wholly meaning "the mountain with gold"). The Altai Republic is a federal subject north of Mongolia in Russia... [more]
AMJALINA (Settlement) Belarusian
Derived from the Belarusian noun амяла (amjala)
meaning "mistletoe". This is the name of two villages in Belarus.
AMPER (River) German
This is the name of a river in Southern Bavaria, located in Southern Germany.... [more]
ANCRE (River) French
This is the name of a river in Picardy, France.
ANDORRA (Country) Various
The name of the country of Andorra, whose name is possibly derived from a Basque word andurrial (“shrub-covered land”), but it may come from Arabic الدرا (“the forest”) or Spanish andar (“to walk”).
ÅNGERMANLAND (Region) Swedish
Derived from Old Norse anger
"deep fjord". Ångermanland is a historical province in Northern Sweden.
ANJOU (Other) English, French
From the name of the former county/duchy/province centered around the city of Angers in the Loire Valley of western France, which is in the present-day département
of Maine-et-Loire. It was the cradle of the House of Plantagenet who ruled England from the twelfth century, of whom the current royal family are descendants... [more]
ANKARA (Settlement) Turkish, English
Derived from Ancient Greek ἄγκυρα (ánkura)
meaning "anchor". The city was formerly called Ancyra
. Ankara is a city in Turkey and the largest city after Istanbul.
ANSONIA (Political Subdivision) English
An eponymous city in Connecticut's Naugatuck River Valley named for founder Anson Green Phelps. In the 19th and early 20th centuries Ansonia was an manufacturing hub; one successful business was the Ansonia Clock Company, which sold world-wide... [more]
ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA (Country) English
The history of Antigua and Barbuda can be separated into three distinct eras. In the first, the islands were inhabited by three successive Amerindian societies. The islands were neglected by the first wave of European colonization, but were settled by England in 1632... [more]
ANZIO (Political Subdivision) Italian
City on the shore of Italy. In Roman times it was known as Antium.
AOBA (Political Subdivision) Japanese
From Japanese 青 (ao)
meaning "blue, green" and 葉 (ha)
AONIA (Country) English
This was an ancient name of the country of Boeotia in Greek legend, allegedly derived from that of the hero Aon
. Aonia was a region sacred to the Muses, whom the English poet Alexander Pope called the "Aonian maids".
APKHAZETI (Country) Georgian
From აფხაზი (apxazi)
, the Georgian exonym for the Abkhaz people, and the suffix -ეთი (-eti)
used to indicate location. This is the Georgian name for Abkhazia
APPALACHIA (Region) English
Appalachia is the name of a cultural region in the Eastern United States. The meaning of the name is unknown, but it is ultimately of Native American origin, as the region was named after a Native American tribe.
APRIKA (Region) Georgian, Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Maranao, Pampangan, Nauruan
Georgian, Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Maranao, Pampangan, and Nauruan form of AFRICA
APSNY (Country) Abkhaz
From аԥсуаа (apsuaa)
, the endonym of the Abkhaz people. The ethnic name itself is of uncertain meaning; one theory suggests that it means "land of the soul" or "land of mortals". This is the Abkhaz name for ABKHAZIA
AQUITAINE (Region) French
French form of AQUITANIA
. This is the name of a historical region of France located roughly between the Pyrenees, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Garonne... [more]
AQUITANIA (Region) Spanish
Aquitania was a region of Gaul inhabited by the Aquitani, a people living in Gallo-Roman times in what is now Aquitaine, France.
ÅRE (Settlement) Swedish
Meaning uncertain, but probably derived from Old West Norse *ár
"peak, crest". Åre is a village and a popular ski resort in Jämtland
ARENDAL (Settlement) Norwegian
Combination of Old Norse ǫrn
"eagle" and dalr
"valley, dale". Arendal is a town and municipality in Southern Norway.
ARENDELLE (Region & Settlement) Popular Culture
Likely based on ARENDAL
, the name of a town and municipality in Southern Norway. Arendalle is a fictional kingdom in Disney's animated movie 'Frozen' (2013).
ARICA (Settlement) Spanish
It is the name of province, and town in Chile. It is also the name of a town in Colombia.
ARIZONA (Political Subdivision) English (American)
Name of a state in the United States, originally as the name of a breakaway Confederate region of southern New Mexico, organized roughly along modern lines as a U.S. territory in 1863. From Spanish Arizonac
, probably from a local name among the O'odham (Piman) people meaning "having a little spring"... [more]
ARKANSAS (Political Subdivision) English (American)
Name of a state in the United States, from the French pronunciation of the Quapaw people who lived on the Arkansas River.
ARKHAM (Settlement) Literature
The name of a fictional town in Essex County, Massachusetts, used in the stories of H. P. Lovecraft (1890-1937). It may be influenced by Latin arcanum
meaning "mystery, secret" and Old English ham
ARLINGTON (Settlement) English
Three possible places called Arlington in Gloucestershire, Devon, and East Sussex.
ARMANESTAN (Country) Persian
From Persian ارمن (Arman)
referring to Armenia and combined with the suffix ـستان (stan)
meaning "land of". This is the Persian name for Armenia
ARRINGTON (Settlement) English
Arrington, a place in Cambridgeshire, named from an Old English byname, Earn(a), meaning ‘eagle’ + -inga- ‘people or followers of’ + tūn ‘settlement’.
ARTSAKH (Political Subdivision) Armenian
The Republic of Artsakh (Armenian: Արցախի Հանրապետություն, Artsakhi Hanrapetut'yun), or simply Artsakh, also known by its second official name, the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, is a breakaway de facto state in the South Caucasus that is internationally recognized as part of Azerbaijan... [more]
ARUBA (Country) Aruban
Aruba is a colony of the Netherlands. The flag has a blue background with two horizontal yellow stripes, nearly touching the bottom, and a red cross in the top left corner, outlined with white.
ARYAAN (Other) Indian (Rare)
Aryaan is derived from the Indian word which means 'illustrious' and the Sanskrit word which means 'gentleman'. This is an Islamic name.
ASHFORD (Other) English (British)
The name of several places in England. All but one of these derive the second element of their name from Old English ford meaning "ford" - for the one in North Devon, it is derived from Old English worō
meaning "enclosure".... [more]
ASHGABAT (Settlement) English, Yoruba, Scots, Occitan, Malay, Swahili, Irish, Indonesian, Welsh, Shona
Means "city of love", "city of devotion" from Persian عشقآباد (ešq-âbâd)
, a combination of Persian عشق ('ešq)
meaning "love" and آباد (âbâd)
"city". This is the name of the capital city of TURKMENISTAN
ASKRIGG (Settlement) English
A village in rural Northeast England. It is derived from the Old Norse askr
, 'ash tree' (c.f Swedish ask
, 'ash tree') and hryggr
, 'ridge' (c.f Swedish rygg
, 'ridge, spine', German rücken
, 'spine', Scots rig
ASTANA (Settlement) Kazakh, Russian, English, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Dutch, French, German, Greek, Kyrgyz, Polish, Portuguese, Serbian, Ukrainian
Means "capital city" in Kazakh, ultimately from Persian آستانه (âstâne)
. This was the name of the capital city of Kazakhstan
, which is now called Nur-Sultan
ASUNCIÓN (Settlement) Spanish
Means "assumption" in Spanish, as in “assumption of Mary to heaven". This is the capital of PARAGUAY
. Originally called Nuestra Señora Santa María de la Asunción
(meaning "Our Lady Saint Mary of the Assumption") by its founder, it was later shortened to Asunción.
ATHENRY (Settlement) Irish
Athenry (Baile Áth an Rí) meaning "Town of the Ford of the King" is a town in County Galway, Ireland, which lies 25 kilometres east of Galway city.
ATLANTA (Settlement) English
Name of a city in Georgia
, named by J. Edgar Thomson, Chief Engineer of the Georgia Railroad.
AUCKLAND (Settlement) English
The Baron Auckland and the Earl of Auckland are titles of the English nobility. The first Baron Auckland, William Eden, had the city of Auckland in New Zealand named after him. Bishop Auckland is a town in the county of Durham in Britain which has lent its name to the title... [more]
AUROVILLE (Settlement) English
The name of an indian town built by UNESCO located in southern India. It was built as an experimental town to see how is the world without politics, money or polution.
AUST-AGDER (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the Nynork word aust
"east" and the place name agder
. It means "the eastern part of Agder."... [more]
AUSTRIA (Country) English
Medieval Latin word meaning "eastern borderland" Austriaca is the Latinised form of the Old High German name for the country, Ostarreich, which means 'eastern kingdom'; ostar meaning 'eastern' and reich meaning 'kingdom' in Old High German.
AUSTRIA-HUNGARY (Country) History
A monarchy (also known as the Austro-Hungarian Empire) that was established in 1867 and included not just Austria and Hungary, but also parts of the Czech Republic, Poland, Italy, Romania, and the Balkans.... [more]
AVALBANE (Settlement) Irish (Anglicized)
Anglicized form of Irish Abhaill Bhán
"white orchard". This is or was the name of a township in the civil parish of Clontibret in County Monaghan, Ireland.
AVEN (Settlement) Biblical
place name meaning "vanity", "nothingness", "iniquity" and "sorrow".... [more]
AYUHWASI (Settlement) Cherokee
Ayuhwasi, meaning "savanna" or "large meadow". The name has been applied to several entities past and present in the U.S. states of Georgia, North Carolina, and Tennessee