Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
CAINHANNOCH (Settlement) Mormon
From an alternative name for New York used in the Doctrine and Covenants. A possible origin could be that in the Bible, Cain, the son of Adam, had a son named Enoch. A derivative of that is Henoch, and a further derivative is Hanoch... [more]
CALETA (Settlement) Spanish
City name meaning ''little bay, inlet, or cove''. Most often La Caleta
CALIFORNIA (Political Subdivision) Spanish, English, Asturian, Estonian, Galician, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Tagalog
From the name of a fictional utopian island featured in the 16th-century novel Las sergas de Esplandián
by Spanish author Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo. The name comes from the island's queen, Calafia (or Califia), whose name is derived from Arabic خَلِيفَة (ḵalīfa)
meaning "caliph"... [more]
CALLIFAE (Settlement) English
From the name of a town in ancient Italy, of uncertain origin. It was mentioned only by the Roman historian Livy, and may correspond to the village Calvisi, at the foot of the Monte Matese.
CAMBODIA (Country) English
From French Cambodge
, which is taken from Khmer កម្ពុជា (Kampuchea)
. The name comes from Sanskrit कम्बोजदेश (Kambujadeśa)
, derived from काम्बोज (kāmboja)
, the name of an ancient tribe and kingdom described in Hindu literature, combined with देश (deśá)
meaning "kingdom, country"... [more]
CAMBRIDGE (Settlement) English
Cambridge is a university city and the county town of Cambridgeshire, England, on the River Cam approximately 50 miles (80 km) north of London.... [more]
CAMEROON (Country) English
The name of the Country in Central Africa. Cameroon, on the Gulf of Guinea, is a Central African country of varied terrain and wildlife. Its inland capital, Yaoundé, and its biggest city, the seaport Douala, are transit points to ecotourism sites as well as beach resorts like Kribi – near the Chutes de la Lobé waterfalls, which plunge directly into the sea – and Limbe, where the Limbe Wildlife Centre houses rescued primates.
CANAAN (Region) English, Biblical
Meaning unknown, though it may derive from the Semitic root knʿ
("to be low, humble, subjugated"). This was the name of a Semitic-speaking civilization and region in the Ancient Near East during the late 2nd millennium BC.
CANARY ISLANDS (Region) English
English form of Spanish Islas Canarias
which is derived from Latin Canariae Insulae
"islands of the dogs". This is the name of a Spanish archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean, near the coast of northwestern Africa.
CANBERRA (Settlement) English
From the city of Canberra, Australian Capital Territory.
CAPE VERDE (Country) English
From the name of the Senegalese peninsula Cap-Vert meaning "green cape" in Portuguese. Cape Verde is an island country spanning an archipelago of 10 volcanic islands in the central Atlantic Ocean.
CARDIFF (Settlement) Welsh
The capital city of Wales. Cardiff derives from the city's Welsh name Caerdydd
, which in turn was derived from the city's Old Welsh name Caerdyf
(In Welsh f
(v) is often mutated to dd
CARIA (Region) Ancient Greek
Caria was an ancient province near the Aegean Sea in Asia Minor.
CARIBBEAN (Region) English
The name of the Region. The Caribbean is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands and the surrounding coasts. The region is southeast of the Gulf of Mexico and the North American mainland, east of Central America, and north of South America.
CARPERBY (Settlement) English
A village in Yorkshire, England. The second element is Old Norse -byr
, 'farm'. The first element is possibly the Old Gaelic personal name Cairpre
. This seems to indicate a farm of an Irish or Scottish Viking, who settled in England... [more]
CASABLANCA (Settlement) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
Means "white house" in Spanish, from casa
meaning "house" and blanca
meaning "white". The name originates from a Spanish translation of the Arabic name الدَّار الْبَيْضَاء (ad-Dār al-Bayḍāʾ)
, which in turn was derived from a calque of the Portuguese name Casa Branca
CASQUET (Island) French
An island chain in the Channel Islands. Could from derived from French 'cascade', referring the nearby strong tides, or from 'casque', referring to the helmet-like shape of the rocks, or from 'cas', meaning "broken" and 'quet', "rock".
CATANIA (Settlement) Italian, English, German, Sicilian, Spanish
From Ancient Greek Kατάvη
), itself either from Sicel katane
("grater"), due to its proximity to Mount Etna
and the resulting rough earth, or from Proto-Italic katina
("basin"), owing to the wide valley around the town... [more]
CAUCASUS (Mountain) English
From Greek Καύκασος (Kaúkasos)
, which is of uncertain origin; it may be derived from Scythian *xrohukäsi
meaning "ice-shining" or "white snow". Alternatively, it may be from Greek κήξ (kḗx)
meaning "sea swallow (a kind of bird)" and κάσος (kásos)
possibly meaning "mountain" or "rock"... [more]
CEBU (Political Subdivision, Settlement & Island) Filipino, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Afrikaans, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Swedish, Turkish
From Cebuano Sugbo
, which is derived from Old Cebuano sibu
meaning "trade", itself a shortened form of sinibuayng hingpit
meaning "place for trading". This is the name of an island, province, and city (Cebu City) in the Philippines.
CELILO (Body of Water) Native American
Means: echo of falling water. A famous waterfall used as a Native American fishing ground.
CEYLON (Country) English
Previous name of the country Sri Lanka. The name Ceylon most likely traces its roots back to the Sanskrit Sinha
, meaning "lion". As lions are not native to Sri Lanka, another possible interpretation of the name is "lion-like man" or "hero".
CHAMPA (Country) Champa
Located in south and central Vietnam from the 7th century through 1832.
CHANTILLY (Settlement) French
From the name of a town in France near Paris, ultimately derived from the Gallo-Roman name Cantilius
. The city gave its name to a type of delicate lace originally made there.
CHARDONNAY (Settlement) French
The name of a famous village for the white wine produced here. Means "a place of thistles" from the latin cardonnacum
CHARLOTTE (Settlement) English
Name of a city in NORTH CAROLINA
, named in honor of Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, who had become the Queen of Great Britain just seven years before the town's incorporation.
CHÂU Á (Region) Vietnamese
From Vietnamese châu
meaning "continent" and Á
meaning "Asia". This is the Vietnamese name for Asia
CHAUSEY (Island) Norman
A large group of islands in the Channel Islands, FRANCE
. The -'ey
' is the Norman word for "island".
CHECHENISTAN (Political Subdivision) Persian
From Persian چچن (čečen)
meaning "Chechen" and the suffix ـستان (-stân)
meaning "land of". This is a Persian name for Chechnya
CHECHNETI (Political Subdivision) Georgian
From ჩეჩნური (chechnuri)
, the Georgian exonym for the Chechen people, and the suffix -ეთი (-eti)
used to indicate location. This is the Georgian name for Chechnya
CHECHNYA (Political Subdivision) Russian, English, Indonesian, Malay, Tagalog
Means "(place) of the Chechens", derived from the Russian name for the Chechen people. The exonym is of uncertain meaning, with Russian folk etymologies suggesting that it originates from the name of a village; on the other hand, it may be derived from the Kabardian name Шашан (Shashan)
CHENGDU (Settlement) Chinese, Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog
From Chinese 成 (chéng)
meaning "completed, finished, succeeded" and 都 (dū)
meaning "capital city, large city", supposedly named during the city's founding by the ninth king of the Kaiming dyntasty of the ancient state of Shu... [more]
CHENNAI (Settlement) Indian, Tamil, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Telugu, Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Nepali, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish
Most likely from the name of 17th-century Telugu monarch Damarla Chennapa Nayaka (or Chennappa Naicker). This is the name of the capital city of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, which was officially called Madras
CHERAGH (Settlement) Persian
This is the name of a village in Lorestan Province in western Iran. This is also used as a place name element (first or last) in other villages across Iran.... [more]
CHETTHAMADA (Country) Burmese
From Burmese ချက် (chet)
meaning "Czech" and သမ္မတ (thamada)
meaning "president". This is the Burmese name for the Czech Republic.
CHEVIOT (Mountain) English
The name of a mountain and the surrounding mountains on the Anglo-Scottish border. The name is thought to be Celtic and to derive from Brythonic *ceμ-, *cejn
'ridge, spine' (Welsh chefn
, 'back, ridge'), and -ed
, which might have meant 'having the quality of-'.
CHICAGO (Settlement) English
Name of a city in ILLINOIS
, from town founded in 1833, named from a Canadian French form of Algonquian sheka:ko:heki
"place of the wild onion," or Ojibwa shika:konk
"at the skunk place".
CHILE (Country) Czech, Danish, English, Finnish, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish
From the name of the country in South America.... [more]
CHILI (Country) Afrikaans, Bulgarian, Dutch, French, Greek, Indonesian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Mongolian, Russian, Tajik, Thai, Uzbek
Form of CHILE
CHINETI (Country) Georgian
From Georgian ჩინური (chinuri)
referring to the Chinese people and the suffix -ეთი (-eti)
used to indicate location. This is the Georgian name for China
CHIPPENHAM (Settlement) English
One possibility for its naming may have been from Cyppa's Hamme which comes from the words ce-ap meaning market, and Hamme meaning enclosed by the river or an enclosed water meadow both of which Chippenham was.... [more]
CHITA (Political Subdivision) Russian
"birch mat" or "clay" or "dirt (on the shore), slate, coal" or "blue" or "black earth (coal slate), coal" or "dwelling" or "upper reaches" or possibly the short form
of a diminutive
of a diminutive
of a name that means "conception" (possibly referring to "The Immaculate Conception")
CHITTAGONG (Settlement) Bengali, English
The etymology of Chittagong is uncertain. One explanation credits the first Arab traders for shatt ghangh
, where shatt
means "delta" and ghangh
stood for the Ganges. The Arakanese chronicle states that a king named Tsu-la-taing Tsandaya, after conquering Bengal, set up a stone pillar as a trophy or memorial at the place since called Tst-ta-gaung as the limit of conquest... [more]
CHONGQING (Settlement) Chinese, Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Chinese 重 (chóng)
meaning "to double, to duplicate" and 庆 (qìng)
meaning "celebration, to celebrate". This is the name of a city in China.
CHORASMIA (Region & Political Subdivision) Ancient Greek, Ancient Roman, English, Greek
Ancient Greek and Ancient Roman name for the region of Khwarazm
in Central Asia. It was named after the Chorasmians, a local Iranian tribe who were known as Χωράσμιοι (Chorasmioi)
to the Greeks and as Chorasmii to the Romans.... [more]
CHUKOTKA (Political Subdivision) Russian, English
Derived from the Russian name Чукчи (Chukchi)
, referring to the native people who originally inhabited the area. The word Chukchi
is derived from Chukchi Chauchu
meaning "rich in reindeer", used by the Reindeer Chukchi people to distinguish themselves from the Maritime Chukchi (the Anqallyt
meaning "sea people")... [more]
CHUVASHIA (Political Subdivision) English
Derived from the name Chuvash
, referring to the indigenous Turkic ethnic group originally inhabiting the area. The etymology of the name Chuvash
is disputed; there are three main theories of its origin... [more]
CILL MHANTÁIN (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Irish
Irish name for the county of WICKLOW
. Meaning "church of Mantan". It is named after a peer of Saint Patrick. Mantan had his teeth knocked out by Irish pagans, and then he was renamed Mantan, which means "toothless one".
CIRCASSIA (Country & Region) English, Italian
From Turkish Çerkes
or Russian Черкес (Cherkes)
referring to the Circassian (Adyghe) people. The name is of uncertain meaning, possibly derived from Kerkety
, the name of a Circassian tribe, or from Persian چهار کس (čahâr kas)
meaning "four people"... [more]
CISCAUCASIA (Region) English, Italian, Spanish
Means "on this side of the Caucasus", derived from Latin cis
meaning "on this side of" combined with the latinized Greek noun Caucasia
meaning "the Caucasus" (both the mountains and their namesake region)... [more]
CLADDAGH (Settlement) Irish, English
The name of an ancient village in Ireland, where the tradition of the Claddagh ring developed.
COLOMBO (Settlement) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
Probably from old Sinhalese kolamba
meaning "ferry" or "port". It is popularly believed to be derived from Sinhalese කොලොන් තොට (kolon toṭa)
meaning "port on the river Kelani
" or කොල අඹ (kola am̆ba)
meaning "leafy mango grove", altered with influence from the name of Italian explorer Christopher Columbus or Latin columba
meaning "dove"... [more]
COLORADO (Political Subdivision) English (American)
Name of a state in the United States, named after the Colorado river, from Spanish colo
+ "colored" rado
COLOSSAE (Settlement) Greek
either "Establishing a Temple or Shrine" or "to Punish" or "Dyed Wool," but no direct connection to "the Colossus of Rhodes"
COMOROS (Country) English
From French Comores
, derived from Arabic قمر (qamar)
meaning "moon", which is ultimately from the phrase جزيرة القمر (jazirat al-qamar)
meaning "island of the moon"... [more]
CONNECTICUT (Political Subdivision) English (American)
Name of a state in the United States, from the name of the Connecticut river, from Algonquian quinnitukqut
"at the long tidal river," from kwen
"long" + ehtekw
"tidal river" + enk
CONSTANȚA (Settlement) Romanian
This is the name of a romanian city which is also the biggest port in Romania. It's greek name is Tomis.
COPACABANA (Island) Various
A resort on the Atlantic coast of Brazil that is near Rio de Janeiro.
COQUET (River) English
A river in Northumberland, England. Its name originates from words of a local Brythonic-Celtic language, equivalent to the Welsh coched
, meaning 'red, brown'.
CORINTH (Region & Settlement) English
From Greek Κόρινθος (Korinthos), ultimately from Doric Greek Ϙόρινθος. This is the name of a former municipality in Corinthia in south-central Greece, as well as the name of an ancient Greek city-state (polis
) on the Isthmus of Corinth.
CORK (Settlement & Political Subdivision) Irish
A county and city in IRELAND
. Meaning "swamp".
CORNWALL (Political Subdivision & Region) Cornish
A place next to DEVON
at the bottom of southwestern England. Named due to the old tribal name "Cornwealas" which eventually turned into "Cornwall". Name thought to come from the a Celtic word for "horn" or "headland" and old English "Wealas" which means strangers... [more]
CORUSCANT (Other) Popular Culture
Coruscant is a fictional planet in the 'Star Wars' universe. The planet is an ecumenopolis -- the surface is almost entirely covered by one city. The name is derived from Latin coruscant
"vibrating, glittering, sparkling"... [more]
COSTA RICA (Country) Spanish, Afrikaans, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish
The name of the Country in Central America. Costa Rica is a rugged, rainforested Central American country with coastlines on the Caribbean and Pacific. Though its capital, San Jose, is home to cultural institutions like the Pre-Columbian Gold Museum, Costa Rica is known for its beaches, volcanoes, and biodiversity... [more]
COTABATO (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Maguindanao Kutawatu
meaning "stone city", from kuta
meaning "city, fort" and wato
meaning "stone, rock". This is the name of both a province and a city in the southern Philippines.
CRAWFORDJOHN (Settlement) Scottish
A village in Southern Scotland. It's name is of Scots origin and means 'Crow's ford of John'. See CRAWFORD
CRETE (Island) English, Cebuano, Scots, Tsonga
From Ancient Greek Κρήτη
(Krḗtē) which is of uncertain meaning. One theory is that it's derived from the name of a mythological hero, Κρυς (Krus), whose name is unexplained. Another theory is that it's derived from Luwian kursawar
“island” or kursattar
“cutting, sliver”... [more]
CREVICHON (Island) Norman
Islet in the Channel Islands, ENGLAND
. Means "isle of crabs, crayfish, and cranes", due to the abundance of those animals in the area.
CRIMEA (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) English, Asturian, Catalan, Italian, Spanish
From Crimean Tatar Qırım
, which is of uncertain origin. It may have been derived from a corruption of Latin Cimmerium
or Greek Κιμμερικόν (Kimmerikon)
, the name of an ancient city, from Old Turkic qurum
meaning "protection, defense" or qirum
meaning "fosse, trench", or Ancient Greek κρημνοί (krēmnoí)
meaning "cliffs"... [more]
CRNA GORA (Country) Montenegrin, Bosnian, Croatian, Macedonian, Serbian
Montenegrin form of MONTENEGRO
, which several other Balkan countries have adopted as their name for the country. The name literally means "black mountain", as it is derived from the South Slavic adjective crn
meaning "black" combined with the South Slavic noun gora
CSECSENFÖLD (Political Subdivision) Hungarian
From Hungarian csecsen
meaning "Chechen" and föld
meaning "land". This is the Hungarian name for Chechnya
CUBA (Country) English
From the Taíno language. The exact meaning of the name is unclear but it may be translated either as 'where fertile land is abundant' (cubao)
, or 'great place' (coabana)
. Authors who believe that Christopher Columbus was Portuguese state that Cuba was named by Columbus for the town of Cuba in the district of Beja in PORTUGAL
CUMBERLAND (Region) English
A historical English county, covering the Northern half of modern-day Cumbria. It derives from the Brythonic combrogi
, meaning 'fellow-countrymen'.
CUMBERNAULD (Settlement) Scottish
A town in North Lanarkshire, Scotland. The name in its present form is most likely derived from Gaelic comar nan allt
meaning 'meeting of the waters'. However, early forms containing Cumyr-
hint at a Cumbric predecessor derived possibly from Common Brittonic *cömber-ïn-alt
), perhaps meaning 'confluence at the hill'.
CUMORAH (Mountain) Mormon
This is the name of the hill where the Nephite known as Moroni buried the golden plates. It is located in New York.