CAIAZZO(Settlement)Italian From Latin Caiatia, a derivative of the given name CAIUS. This is the name of a city near Naples.
CAIRO(Settlement)English From Arabic القاهرة (al-Qahirah) meaning "the victorious", in honour of the conquering Fatimid caliph al-Mu'izz li Din Allah (932-975). This is the name of the capital city of Egypt.
CAIVANO(Settlement)Italian From Latin Calvianum, a derivative of the cognomen CALVUS. This is the name of a city near Naples.
CALE(Settlement)Ancient Roman Possibly from Celtic gall meaning "Gaul, Celt". This was the name of an ancient town in what is now Portugal, near the modern city of Porto.
CANADA(Country)English, French, Italian, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian Derived from the Iroquoian word kanata meaning "village". This word was used by Native Americans to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to Stadacona. Cartier used the word to refer to the region.
CARLISLE(Settlement)English Originally called by the Romans Luguvalium meaning "stronghold of LUGUS". Later the Brythonic element ker "fort" was appended to the name of the city. This is the name of a city in Cumbria in northern England.
CARPATHIANS(Region)English From Latin Carpates, possibly related to the Dacian tribe of the Capri, maybe derived from an Indo-European root meaning "rock, cliff". This is the name of a mountain range in eastern Europe stretching from Slovakia to Romania.
CATALONIA(Region & Political Subdivision)English From Catalan Catalunya, of uncertain meaning, possibly from Latin castellum"castle" or Gauthia Launia"land of the Goths". This is the name of a region in eastern Spain.
CATHAY(Country)English From Old Turkic Khitai, the name of a people who ruled northern China as the Liao dynasty from the 10th to 12th century, also called the Khitan people. This is an archaic English synonym for China.
CAVAN(Political Subdivision)Irish Derived from Irish cabhán meaning "hollow". This is the name of an Irish county.
CAWSTON(Settlement)English From the Old Norse given name KÁLFR combined with Old English tun meaning "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of towns in Norfolk and Warwickshire.
ČECHY(Region)Czech, Slovak From the name of the Slavic tribe of the Czechs, probably derived from the Slavic root čelo meaning "family, tribe". This is the Czech name of Bohemia, while the Czech Republic is called Česko.
CHAD(Body of Water & Country)English, Spanish, Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Indonesian, Malay From Arabic تشاد (Tshad), derived from a Kanuri word meaning "lake, large expanse of water". This is the name of a lake in central Africa, as well as the country that is named after it. The lake also borders Niger, Nigeria and Cameroon.
COCKBURN(Settlement)English From Old English cocc "rooster" and burna "stream". This was the name of a town in Berwickshire, Scotland.
COLOGNE(Settlement)French, English French form of Latin Colonia, shortened from Colonia Agrippina meaning "colony of Agrippina", named after the wife of Emperor Claudius. This is the name of a city in western Germany.
COLTON(Settlement)English Means "COLA's town" in Old English. This is the name of several English towns.
COLUMBIA(Region, Settlement, Political Subdivision & River)English, Italian, Spanish, Late Roman Named after the explorer Christopher Columbus, called Cristoforo Colombo in Italian (see the surname COLOMBO). This is the name of several cities in the Americas (including the District of Columbia, also called Washington D.C.), and a river in Canada and the United States. It is also a name used historically to refer to the New World.
CONGO(River & Country)English, French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Danish From Kongo, of uncertain origin, the name of a kingdom in central Africa that existed from the 14th to 19th century. The Congo River (also called the Zaire River) was named after the kingdom. Belgian and French colonies were established in the 19th century, named after the river, which eventually led to two African countries, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire) and the Republic of the Congo.
CRAWFORD(Settlement)English From Old English crawe "crow" and ford "ford, river crossing". This is the name various small towns in England.
CREMA(Settlement)Italian Meaning uncertain, possibly from a Lombardic word meaning "hill". This is the name of a city in Cremona (to which the name is unrelated) in northern Italy.
CREMONA(Settlement & Political Subdivision)Italian Probably from the name of the Celtic tribe the Cenomani, or possibly from a pre-Latin word meaning "stone". This is the name of a city and province in northern Italy.
CYPRUS(Island & Country)English, Dutch From Greek Κύπρος (Kypros), which may get its name from the cypress tree (Greek κυπάρισσος). This is the name of an island country in the eastern Mediterranean. Although considered one nation by most other countries, the northern part of the island is occupied by Turkish forces and claims independence.