Place Names Starting with C

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CAIATIA(Settlement)Ancient Roman
Latin form of CAIAZZO.
From Latin Caiatia, a derivative of the given name CAIUS. This is the name of a city near Naples.
From Arabic القاهرة (al-Qahirah) meaning "the victorious", in honour of the conquering Fatimid caliph al-Mu'izz li Din Allah (932-975). This is the name of the capital city of Egypt.
From Latin Calvianum, a derivative of the cognomen CALVUS. This is the name of a city near Naples.
CALE(Settlement)Ancient Roman
Possibly from Celtic gall meaning "Gaul, Celt". This was the name of an ancient town in what is now Portugal, near the modern city of Porto.
CALVIANUM(Settlement)Ancient Roman
Latin form of CAIVANO.
CANADA(Country)English, French, Italian, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian
Derived from the Iroquoian word kanata meaning "village". This word was used by Native Americans to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to Stadacona. Cartier used the word to refer to the region.
CANADÁ(Country)Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of CANADA.
Originally called by the Romans Luguvalium meaning "stronghold of LUGUS". Later the Brythonic element ker "fort" was appended to the name of the city. This is the name of a city in Cumbria in northern England.
CARMEL(Mountain)Biblical, Biblical Latin
Form of KARMEL used in the Latin and English Bibles.
Portuguese form of CASTILE.
From Spanish Castilla, ultimately from Late Latin castellum meaning "castle". This was the name of a medieval kingdom in Spain.
Spanish form of CASTILE.
French form of CASTILE.
Italian form of CATALONIA.
French form of CATALONIA.
From Catalan Catalunya, of uncertain meaning, possibly from Latin castellum "castle" or Gauthia Launia "land of the Goths". This is the name of a region in eastern Spain.
Spanish form of CATALONIA.
Catalan form of CATALONIA.
CAVAN(Political Subdivision)Irish
Derived from Irish cabhán meaning "hollow". This is the name of an Irish country.
Old English form of CHESTER.
Italian form of ČECHY, used as a name for the Czech Republic.
ČECHY(Region)Czech, Slovak
From the name of the Slavic tribe of the Czechs, probably derived from the Slavic root čelo meaning "family, tribe". This is the Czech name of Bohemia, while the Czech Republic is called Česko.
ČESKO(Country)Czech, Slovak
From the name of the Slavic tribe of the Czechs (see ČECHY). This is the Czech name for the Czech Republic.
ČESKOSLOVENSKO(Country)Czech, Slovak
Czech and Slovak form of CZECHOSLOVAKIA.
Old English form of CHESHIRE.
CHAD(Body of Water & Country)English, Spanish
From Arabic تشاد (Tshad), derived from a Kanuri word meaning "lake, large expanse of water". This is the name of a lake in central Africa, as well as the country that is named after it. The lake also borders Niger, Nigeria and Cameroon.
CHADE(Body of Water & Country)Portuguese
Portuguese form of CHAD.
Means "village belonging to CHAD" in Old English. This is the name of towns in Lancashire and Warwickshire.
Chinese form of JOSEON, used in mainland China to refer to Korea.
CHAVES(Settlement)Portuguese, Spanish
From the Roman name FLAVIUS. This is the name of a Portuguese city which was originally named for the Roman emperor Vespasian, whose family name was Flavius.
Originally derived from Old English and meaning "landing place for chalk or limestone". This is a district in London.
CHESHIRE(Region & Political Subdivision)English
Shortened form of Chestershire, a combination of CHESTER and shire.
From Latin castrum meaning "camp, fortress". This is the name of a city in Cheshire, England.
CHIN(Country)Indian, Hindi, Persian
Hindi and Persian form of CHINA.
CHINA(Country)English, German, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese, Sanskrit
From Persian چین (Chin), probably derived via Sanskrit चीन (China) from Qin, the name of a dynasty that ruled in China in the 3rd century BC. In China the name Zhongguo is used to refer to the country.
French form of CHINA.
CHOSUN(Region & Country)Korean
Variant transcription of JOSEON.
CHUUGOKU(Country & Region)Japanese
Japanese form of ZHONGGUO, used to refer to China. It is also the name of a region in western Japan.
CIAD(Body of Water & Country)Italian
Italian form of CHAD.
CIARRAÍ(Political Subdivision)Irish
Irish Gaelic form of KERRY.
Italian form of CHINA.
From Old English cocc "rooster" and burna "stream". This was the name of a town in Berwickshire, Scotland.
COLOGNE(Settlement)French, English
French form of Latin Colonia, shortened from Colonia Agrippina meaning "colony of Agrippina", named after the wife of Emperor Claudius. This is the name of a city in western Germany.
COLOMBIA(Country)Spanish, English, Italian
Variant of COLUMBIA, used as the name of a country in South America.
COLOMBIE(Country & Political Subdivision)French
French form of COLOMBIA and sometimes of COLUMBIA (for example Colombie-Britannique for British Columbia).
COLONIA(Settlement)Ancient Roman, Italian, Spanish
Latin form of COLOGNE, as well as the Italian and Spanish form.
Means "COLA's town" in Old English. This is the name of several English towns.
COLUMBIA(Region, Settlement, Political Subdivision & River)English, Italian, Spanish
Named after the explorer Christopher Columbus, called Cristoforo Colombo in Italian (see the surname COLOMBO). This is the name of several cities in the Americas (including the District of Columbia, also called Washington D.C.), and a river in Canada and the United States. It is also a name used historically to refer to the New World.
CONGO(River & Country)English, French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Danish
From Kongo, of uncertain origin, the name of a kingdom in central Africa that existed from the 14th to 19th century. The Congo River (also called the Zaire River) was named after the kingdom. Belgian and French colonies were established in the 19th century, named after the river, which eventually led to two African countries, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire) and the Republic of the Congo.
COREA(Country)Italian, Spanish, Late Roman
Italian and Spanish form of KOREA, as well as the Latin form.
French form of KOREA.
From the Gallo-Roman given name Curtenus, derived from Latin curtus "short". This is the name of a few French communes.
From Old English crawe "crow" and ford "ford, river crossing". This is the name various small towns in England.
Meaning uncertain, possibly from a Lombardic word meaning "hill". This is the name of a city in Cremona (to which the name is unrelated) in northern Italy.
CREMONA(Settlement & Political Subdivision)Italian
Probably from the name of the Celtic tribe the Cenomani, or possibly from a pre-Latin word meaning "stone". This is the name of a city and province in northern Italy.
Spanish form of CROATIA.
CROATIA(Country)English, Late Roman
From Croatian Hrvatska, from medieval Slavic Khorvatu, of unknown meaning. This is the name of a country in the Balkan region of southeastern Europe.
French form of CROATIA.
Italian form of CROATIA.
Hungarian form of ČECHY, used to refer both to the region of Bohemia and the larger Czech Republic.
From older Quintiacum, derived from the personal name QUINTIUS plus the local suffix -acum. This is the name of a village in France.
CZAD(Body of Water & Country)Polish
Polish form of CHAD.
Derived from Polish czajka meaning "lapwing (bird)". This is the name of several towns in Poland.
English form of ČECHY (via Polish Czechy), used as an alternative name for the Czech Republic (and not as a name for Bohemia).
Combination of CZECHIA and SLOVAKIA. This was the name of a country that existed between 1918 and 1993, at which time it split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
CZECHY(Region & Country)Polish
Polish form of ČECHY, used to refer both to the region of Bohemia and the larger Czech Republic.