GARY (Settlement) English
City in Indiana that was named after businessman Elbert Henry GARY
(1846-1927), the founder of U.S. Steel.
GENOA (Settlement) English
From Latin Genua
, probably derived from genu
. This is the name of a port city in northwestern Italy. It is called Genova
GEORGIA (1) (Country) English, Italian, Spanish, Late Roman
Possibly of Persian origin, maybe from Middle Persian gurg
. In Europe the name was long explained as derived from the given name George
. This is the name of a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. It is called Sakartvelo
GERMANY (Country) English
From Latin Germania
, first attested in the writings of Julius Caesar, used to refer to the areas east of the Rhine and north of the Danube. The origin of the term is uncertain. This is an English exonym corresponding to German Deutschland
GETHSEMANE (Region) Biblical
From Γεθσημανι (Gethsemani)
, the Greek form of an Aramaic place name meaning "oil press"
. In the New Testament this is the name of the garden where Jesus
was arrested, located on the Mount of Olives near Jerusalem.
GHANA (Country) English, French, German, Dutch, Italian, Spanish, Polish, Czech, Slovak
From the name of the Ghana Empire, which was located in the southwestern Sahara and existed up to the 13th century. Ghana
, meaning "warrior"
in Mande, was actually the title of the rulers, while the empire itself was more properly known as Awkar
. In 1957 this was adopted as the name of the newly independent country of Ghana, formerly the British colony Gold Coast, despite the fact that the country lies outside the empire's territory.
GLYME (River) English
Means "bright stream"
in Brythonic. This is the name of a river in Oxfordshire, England.
GLYMPTON (Settlement) English
Derived from the name of the river GLYME
and Old English tun
"enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of small town in Oxfordshire, England.
GORJESTAN (Country) Persian
From Persian گرج (Gorj)
meaning "Georgia (the country)" combined with the suffix ستان (stan)
meaning "land of". This is the modern Persian name for the country of Georgia
GÓRKA (Settlement) Polish
From Polish góra
. This is the name of various towns in Poland.
GORYEO (Region) Korean
Possibly means "walled city"
in Korean. This was the name of a kingdom that ruled most of the Korean Peninsula. The name Korea
is based on it.
GRAINVILLE (Settlement) French
Means "GUARIN's town"
in Old French. This is the name of various towns in Normandy.
GRANTHAM (Settlement) English
From Old English grand
meaning "gravel" and ham
meaning "home, estate, settlement". This is the name of a town in Lincolnshire.
GREECE (Country) English
English form of Latin Graecia
, the name used by the Romans for the land of the Greeks, derived from Greek Γραικος (Graikos)
, which is of uncertain origin. It is possibly derived from the city of Graia in Boeotia.
GUINEA (Region, Country & Island) English, Italian, Spanish, German
From Portuguese Guiné
, which is of unknown meaning, possibly of Berber origin. This name was used by the Portuguese to refer to a portion of western Africa. It was also applied by westerners to the island of New Guinea starting in the 16th century. It is now the name or part of the name of the countries of Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Equatorial Guinea and Papua New Guinea.