EATON (Settlement) English
Derived from Old English ea
"river" and tun
"enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of several English towns.
EDEN (Region) Hebrew, Biblical
Possibly from Hebrew עֵדֶן
('eden) meaning "pleasure, delight"
, or perhaps derived from Sumerian 𒂔 (edin)
. According to the Old Testament the Garden of Eden was the place where the first people, Adam and Eve, lived before they were expelled.
EGYPT (Country) English
From Latin Aegyptus
, itself from Greek Αἴγυπτος (Aigyptos)
, which was probably derived from Egyptian hut-ka-Ptah
, the name of the temple to the god Ptah
, meaning "the house of the soul of Ptah"
. Descendants of the Latin name are used in most European languages to refer to the ancient kingdom and modern country of Egypt. However, the name the ancient Egyptians used to refer to the Nile Valley was Kemet
, and the Arabic speakers of modern Egypt call it Masr
ÉIRE (Country & Island) Irish
Possibly means "abundant land"
in Old Irish. This is the Irish name of the country and island of Ireland. According to legend the island was named for the goddess ÉRIU
, though in fact it was she who was named for the island.
ELLADA (Country) Greek
Modern Greek form of Ancient Greek Ἑλλάδα
(Hellada), derived from Ἕλλην (Hellen)
, which is of uncertain origin. This is the Greek endonym for Greece
ENGLAND (Country) English, German, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian
From Old English Englaland
meaning "land of the Angles"
, the Angles being one of the Germanic tribes that settled in the area in the post-Roman period.
ESHARRA (Other) Ancient Assyrian
From Sumerian 𒂍 (e)
meaning "temple, house" and 𒊹 (shar)
meaning "totality, world". This was the name of the main temple dedicated to the god Ashur in the city of Ashur
ESSEN (Settlement) German, English
From older Astnide
, possibly a derivative of Old High German asc
meaning "ash tree"
. This is the name of a city in Germany, founded in the 9th century.
ESTONIA (Country) English, Italian, Spanish, Indonesian, Malay, Late Roman
From Estonian eesti
, a word borrowed from Low German in the 17th century. It is of uncertain origin. It could be from a Germanic rendering of the Baltic tribe of the Aesti, mentioned by the Roman historian Tacitus.
ETHIOPIA (Country) English
From Latin Aethiopia
, itself from Greek Αἰθιοπία (Aithiopia)
, said to derive from αἴθω (aitho)
meaning "to burn" and ὄψ (ops)
meaning "face", referring to the skin colour of the inhabitants (probably a folk etymology). This is the name of a country in eastern Africa.
ETXEBERRIA (Settlement) Basque
Means "the new house"
, from Basque etxe
"house" and berri
"new". This was the name of a village (and castle) in Navarre where the saint Francis Xavier was born.
EURIPOS (Body of Water) Ancient Greek
Possibly from Greek εὖ (eu)
meaning "good" and ῥιπή (rhipe)
meaning "throw, swing". This was the name of the strait between Euboea and Boeotia.
EWART (Settlement) English
From Old English ea
"river" and worþ
"enclosure". This is the name of a town in Northumberland, England.