Place Names Starting with E

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EATON (Settlement) English
Derived from Old English ea "river" and tun "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of several English towns.
EBORACUM (Settlement) Ancient Celtic (Latinized)
Latinized form of YORK.
'EDEN (Region) Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of EDEN.
EDEN (Region) Hebrew, Biblical
Possibly from Hebrew עֵדֶן ('eden) meaning "pleasure, delight", or perhaps derived from Sumerian 𒂔 (edin) meaning "plain". According to the Old Testament the Garden of Eden was the place where the first people, Adam and Eve, lived before they were expelled.
EESTI (Country) Estonian
Estonian form of ESTONIA.
ÉIRE (Country & Island) Irish
Possibly means "abundant land" in Old Irish. This is the Irish name of the country and island of Ireland. According to legend the island was named for the goddess ÉRIU, though in fact it was she who was named for the island.
ELLADA (Country) Greek
Modern Greek form of Ancient Greek ‘Ελλαδα (Hellada), derived from ‘Ελλην (Hellen) meaning "Greek", which is of uncertain origin. This is the Greek endonym for Greece.
ENGELAND (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of ENGLAND.
ENGLALAND (Country) Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of ENGLAND.
ENGLAND (Country) English, German, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian
From Old English Englaland meaning "land of the Angles", the Angles being one of the Germanic tribes that settled in the area in the post-Roman period.
ERAGH (Country) Persian
Persian form of IRAQ.
ERAN (Country) Ancient Persian
Middle Persian form of IRAN.
ERECH (Settlement) Biblical
Form of URUK used in the English Old Testament.
EREKH (Settlement) Biblical Hebrew
Form of URUK used in the Hebrew Bible.
ÉRIU (Country & Island) Ancient Irish
Old Irish form of ÉIRE.
ESHARRA (Other) Ancient Assyrian
From Sumerian 𒂍 (e) meaning "temple, house" and 𒊹 (shar) meaning "totality, world". This was the name of the main temple dedicated to the god Ashur in the city of Ashur.
ESLOVAQUIA (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of SLOVAKIA.
ESPAGNE (Country) French
French form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
ESPAINIA (Country) Basque
Basque form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
ESPAÑA (Country) Spanish, Galician
Spanish and Galician form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
ESPANJA (Country) Finnish
Finnish form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
ESPANYA (Country) Catalan
Catalan form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
ESSEN (Settlement) German, English
From older Astnide, possibly a derivative of Old High German asc meaning "ash tree". This is the name of a city in Germany, founded in the 9th century.
ESTLAND (Country) German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
German, Dutch and Scandinavian form of ESTONIA.
ESTOCOLMO (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of STOCKHOLM.
ESTONIA (Country) English, Italian, Spanish, Late Roman
From Estonian eesti meaning "Estonian", a word borrowed from Low German in the 17th century. It is of uncertain origin. It could be from a Germanic rendering of the Baltic tribe of the Aesti, mentioned by the Roman historian Tacitus.
ESTONIYA (Country) Russian, Ukrainian
Russian and Ukrainian form of ESTONIA.
ETHIOPIA (Country) English
From Greek Αιθιοπια (Aithiopia), derived from αιθω (aitho) meaning "to burn" and ωψ (ops) meaning "face", referring to the skin colour of the inhabitants. This is the name of a country in eastern Africa.
ÉTHIOPIE (Country) French
French form of Αιθιοπια (Aithiopia) (see ETHIOPIA).
ETIÓPIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Αιθιοπια (Aithiopia) (see ETHIOPIA).
ETIOPÍA (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of Αιθιοπια (Aithiopia) (see ETHIOPIA).
ETIOPIA (Country) Italian, Polish, Norwegian
Italian, Polish and Norwegian form of Αιθιοπια (Aithiopia) (see ETHIOPIA).
ETIOPIEN (Country) Swedish, Danish
Swedish and Danish form of Αιθιοπια (Aithiopia) (see ETHIOPIA).
ETIOPIJA (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Slovene
Serbian, Croatian and Slovene form of Αιθιοπια (Aithiopia) (see ETHIOPIA).
ETXEBERRIA (Settlement) Basque
Means "the new house", from Basque etxe "house" and berri "new". This was the name of a village (and castle) in Navarre where the saint Francis Xavier was born.
EUPHRATES (River) English, Greek, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
From Greek Ευφρατης (Euphrates), the name of a river in Mesopotamia. It is derived from Old Persian Ufratu, itself from Elamite or Sumerian, of unknown meaning.
EURIPOS (Body of Water) Ancient Greek
Possibly from Greek ευ (eu) meaning "good" and ‘ριπη (rhipe) meaning "throw, swing". This was the name of the strait between Euboea and Boeotia.
EURIPUS (Body of Water) Ancient Roman
Latin form of EURIPOS.
EVRIPOS (Body of Water) Greek
Modern Greek of EURIPOS.
EWART (Settlement) English
From Old English ea "river" and worþ "enclosure". This is the name of a town in Northumberland, England.