Place Names Starting with E

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EATON (Settlement) English
Derived from Old English ea "river" and tun "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of several English towns.
EBORACUM (Settlement) Ancient Celtic (Latinized)
Latinized form of YORK.
ÉCOSSE (Country) French
French form of SCOTLAND.
'EDEN (Region) Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of EDEN.
EDEN (Region) Hebrew, Biblical
Possibly from Hebrew עֵדֶן ('eden) meaning "pleasure, delight", or perhaps derived from Sumerian 𒂔 (edin) meaning "plain". According to the Old Testament the Garden of Eden was the place where the first people, Adam and Eve, lived before they were expelled.
EESTI (Country) Estonian
Estonian form of ESTONIA.
EGIPAT (Country) Serbian, Croatian
Serbian and Croatian form of EGYPT.
EGIPT (Country) Polish
Polish form of EGYPT.
EGIPTE (Country) Southern African, Afrikaans
Afrikaans form of EGYPT.
EGIPTO (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of EGYPT.
EGITO (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of EGYPT.
EGITTO (Country) Italian
Italian form of EGYPT.
EGYPT (Country) English
From Latin Aegyptus, itself from Greek Αιγυπτος (Aigyptos), which was probably derived from Egyptian hut-ka-Ptah, the name of the temple to the god Ptah in Memphis, meaning "the house of the soul of Ptah". Descendants of the Latin name are used in most European languages to refer to the ancient kingdom and modern country of Egypt. However, the name the ancient Egyptians used to refer to the Nile Valley was Kemet, and the Arabic speakers of modern Egypt call it Masr.
ÉGYPTE (Country) French
French form of EGYPT.
EGYPTE (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of EGYPT.
ÉIRE (Country & Island) Irish
Possibly means "abundant land" in Old Irish. This is the Irish name of the country and island of Ireland. According to legend the island was named for the goddess ÉRIU, though in fact it was she who was named for the island.
ELLADA (Country) Greek
Modern Greek form of Ancient Greek ‘Ελλαδα (Hellada), derived from ‘Ελλην (Hellen) meaning "Greek", which is of uncertain origin. This is the Greek endonym for Greece.
EMERITA AUGUSTA (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Latin form of MÉRIDA.
ENGELAND (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of ENGLAND.
ENGLALAND (Country) Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of ENGLAND.
ENGLAND (Country) English, German, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian
From Old English Englaland meaning "land of the Angles", the Angles being one of the Germanic tribes that settled in the area in the post-Roman period.
ERAGH (Country) Persian
Persian form of IRAQ.
ERAN (Country) Ancient Persian
Middle Persian form of IRAN.
ERECH (Settlement) Biblical
Form of URUK used in the English Old Testament.
EREKH (Settlement) Biblical Hebrew
Form of URUK used in the Hebrew Bible.
ÉRIU (Country & Island) Ancient Irish
Old Irish form of ÉIRE.
ESCÓCIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of SCOTLAND.
ESCOCIA (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of SCOTLAND.
ESHARRA (Other) Ancient Assyrian
From Sumerian 𒂍 (e) meaning "temple, house" and 𒊹 (shar) meaning "totality, world". This was the name of the main temple dedicated to the god Ashur in the city of Ashur.
ESLOVAQUIA (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of SLOVAKIA.
ESPAGNE (Country) French
French form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
ESPAINIA (Country) Basque
Basque form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
ESPAÑA (Country) Spanish, Galician
Spanish and Galician form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
ESPANJA (Country) Finnish
Finnish form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
ESPANYA (Country) Catalan
Catalan form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
ESSEN (Settlement) German, English
From older Astnide, possibly a derivative of Old High German asc meaning "ash tree". This is the name of a city in Germany, founded in the 9th century.
ESTIJA (Country) Lithuanian
Lithuanian form of ESTONIA.
ESTLAND (Country) German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
German, Dutch and Scandinavian form of ESTONIA.
ESTOCOLMO (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of STOCKHOLM.
ESTONIA (Country) English, Italian, Spanish, Late Roman
From Estonian eesti meaning "Estonian", a word borrowed from Low German in the 17th century. It is of uncertain origin. It could be from a Germanic rendering of the Baltic tribe of the Aesti, mentioned by the Roman historian Tacitus.
ESTONIJA (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene and Macedonian form of ESTONIA.
ESTONIYA (Country) Russian, Ukrainian
Russian and Ukrainian form of ESTONIA.
ETHIOPIA (Country) English
From Greek Αιθιοπια (Aithiopia), derived from αιθω (aitho) meaning "to burn" and ωψ (ops) meaning "face", referring to the skin colour of the inhabitants. This is the name of a country in eastern Africa.
ÉTHIOPIE (Country) French
French form of Αιθιοπια (see ETHIOPIA).
ETHIOPIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of Αιθιοπια (see ETHIOPIA).
ETIÓPIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Αιθιοπια (see ETHIOPIA).
ETIOPÍA (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of Αιθιοπια (see ETHIOPIA).
ETIOPIA (Country) Italian, Polish, Norwegian
Italian, Polish and Norwegian form of Αιθιοπια (see ETHIOPIA).
ETIOPIEN (Country) Swedish, Danish
Swedish and Danish form of Αιθιοπια (see ETHIOPIA).
ETIOPIJA (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Slovene, Macedonian, Lithuanian, Latvian
Serbian, Croatian, Slovene, Macedonian, Lithuanian and Latvian form of Αιθιοπια (see ETHIOPIA).
ETXEBERRIA (Settlement) Basque
Means "the new house", from Basque etxe "house" and berri "new". This was the name of a village (and castle) in Navarre where the saint Francis Xavier was born.
EUPHRATES (River) English, Greek, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
From Greek Ευφρατης (Euphrates), the name of a river in Mesopotamia. It is derived from Old Persian Ufratu, itself from Elamite or Sumerian, of unknown meaning.
EURIPOS (Body of Water) Ancient Greek
Possibly from Greek ευ (eu) meaning "good" and ‘ριπη (rhipe) meaning "throw, swing". This was the name of the strait between Euboea and Boeotia.
EURIPUS (Body of Water) Ancient Roman
Latin form of EURIPOS.
EVRIPOS (Body of Water) Greek
Modern Greek of EURIPOS.
EWART (Settlement) English
From Old English ea "river" and worþ "enclosure". This is the name of a town in Northumberland, England.
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