AMSTEL (River) Dutch
Means "water place"
in Dutch. This is the name of a river in the Netherlands, which lent its name to Amsterdam
AVON (River) English
in Brythonic (modern Welsh afon
). This is the name of several rivers in Britain.
BELIZE (Country & River) English, Italian, Portuguese, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Polish, Hungarian, Romanian, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian
From Spanish Belice
, earlier Balis
, from the name of the Belize River, which may itself be from Mayan beliz
meaning "muddy water"
. This is the name of a country on the Atlantic coast of Central America.
COLUMBIA (Region, Settlement, Political Subdivision & River) English, Italian, Spanish, Late Roman
Named after the explorer Christopher Columbus, called Cristoforo Colombo
in Italian (see the surname COLOMBO
). This is the name of several cities in the Americas (including the District of Columbia, also called Washington D.C.), and a river in Canada and the United States. It is also a name used historically to refer to the New World.
CONGO (River & Country) English, French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Danish
, of uncertain origin, the name of a kingdom in central Africa that existed from the 14th to 19th century. The Congo River (also called the Zaire
River) was named after the kingdom. Belgian and French colonies were established in the 19th century, named after the river, which eventually led to two African countries, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire) and the Republic of the Congo.
DANUBE (River) English
From Latin Danubius
, from Indo-European Danu
, probably meaning "river, water"
. This is the name of a river that flows east through Europe to the Black Sea.
DEBEN (River) English
in Old English. This is the name of a river in Suffolk.
DEE (River) Scottish
Possibly from a Celtic root meaning "divine"
. This is the name of a river in Scotland.
GLYME (River) English
Means "bright stream"
in Brythonic. This is the name of a river in Oxfordshire, England.
INDUS (River) English, Ancient Roman
From Old Persian Hindus
, which was from Sanskrit सिन्धु (Sindhu)
meaning "body of trembling water, river"
. This is the name of a river in Pakistan and India.
IRVINE (River & Settlement) Scottish
Derived from Old Celtic meaning "green water"
. This is a river and city in North Ayrshire, Scotland.
JORDAN (River & Country) English, Danish, Norwegian, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian, German, Swedish, Finnish, Estonian, Polish, Slovene, Biblical
River that flows between the countries of Jordan and Israel. The river's name in Hebrew is יַרְדֵן (Yarden)
, and it is derived from יָרַד (yarad)
or "flow down"
. The river has lent its name to the country to the east (in German, Swedish, Finnish, Estonian, Polish and Slovene this is only the name of the river, with the name of the country taking a different form).
KENT (Political Subdivision & River) English
Possibly from a Brythonic element meaning "border, edge, coast"
. This is the name of a historic kingdom and modern county in southeastern England, called Cent
in Old English, Cantium
in Latin. It is also the name of a river in Cumbria, northwestern England.
KONGO (Region, River & Country) Central African, Kongo, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Finnish, Estonian, Latvian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Russian, Bulgarian, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Turkish, Georgian
Form of CONGO
in many languages.
NIGER (River & Country) English, French, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Croatian, Serbian, Late Roman
Meaning unknown, possibly of Berber origin, though influenced by Latin niger "black"
. This is the name of a river in western Africa (and a country that is named after it).
NIL (River) Arabic, French, German, Luxembourgish, Catalan, Czech, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Azerbaijani
Form of NILE
in various languages. In Arabic it is properly written with the definite article: النيل (al-Nil)
NILE (River) English
From Latin Nilus
, which was from Greek Νεῖλος (Neilos)
, possibly of Semitic origin meaning "river"
. This is the name of a long river in Africa.
ROE (River) Irish
Possibly from Irish rua
. This is the name of a river in Ireland.
RUDAWA (River) Polish
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a river in Poland, near Krakow.
SENEGAL (River & Country) Portuguese, English, Spanish, Italian, German, Swedish, Dutch, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, Estonian, Russian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Romanian, Turkish
From Portuguese, possibly from the name of the Berber Zenaga people of northern Senegal. This is the name of a river in western Africa, and a country named after it. It gained independence from France in 1960.
SHANNON (River) Irish
Probably from Old Irish sen
meaning "old, ancient"
. This is the name of a river in Ireland
. It is personified by the goddess Sionann
SOUSA (River) Portuguese
Possibly derived from Latin salsus "salty"
or saxa "rocks"
, but likely of pre-Latin origin. This is the name of a river in Portugal.
TRENT (1) (River) English
River in England, possibly from the Celtic elements tri
"across" and sant
"travel", a reference to its frequent floodings.
URAL (Region & River) Russian, English, German, Turkish, Bashkir
Meaning unknown, possibly from Turkic aral
meaning "island, boundary"
. This is the name of a mountain range and a river in western Russia.
WYLYE (River) English
Possibly from a Celtic word meaning "tricky"
. This is the name of a river in southern England.
ZAIRE (River & Country) Portuguese, English
Older name of the Congo
River, said to be derived via Portuguese from Kikongo nzadi o nzere
meaning "river swallowing rivers"
. This was also the former name of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.