ASTURIAS(Political Subdivision)Spanish Possibly derived from Basque asta "rock" and ur "water". This was the name of an 8th to 10th-century kingdom of northern Iberia. It is now the name of a Spanish province.
BAVARIA(Political Subdivision)English, Late Roman From Late Latin Baiovarii, the name of a Germanic tribe, named after an earlier Gaulish tribe the Boii. This is the name of a state in Germany (called Bayern in German).
BELGICA(Region & Political Subdivision)Ancient Roman Derived from the Belgae, a Celtic-Germanic confederation of tribes that inhabited northern Gaul (modern Belgium). Their name is probably derived from a Celtic root meaning "to swell with anger".
CATALONIA(Region & Political Subdivision)English From Catalan Catalunya, of uncertain meaning, possibly from Latin castellum"castle" or Gauthia Launia"land of the Goths". This is the name of a region in eastern Spain.
COLOMBIE(Country & Political Subdivision)French French form of COLOMBIA and sometimes of COLUMBIA (for example Colombie-Britannique for British Columbia).
COLUMBIA(Region, Settlement, Political Subdivision & River)English, Italian, Spanish, Late Roman Named after the explorer Christopher Columbus, called Cristoforo Colombo in Italian (see the surname COLOMBO). This is the name of several cities in the Americas (including the District of Columbia, also called Washington D.C.), and a river in Canada and the United States. It is also a name used historically to refer to the New World.
CREMONA(Settlement & Political Subdivision)Italian Probably from the name of the Celtic tribe the Cenomani, or possibly from a pre-Latin word meaning "stone". This is the name of a city and province in northern Italy.
DEVON(Political Subdivision)English From the name of the Dumnonii, a Celtic tribe. This is the name of a county in England.
HOLLAND (1)(Political Subdivision & Country)Dutch, English, German, Danish, Icelandic From Old Dutch holt "forest" and lant "land". This is the name of two provinces (North and South Holland) in the Netherlands. It is sometimes informally used to refer to the entire country of the Netherlands.
HOLLANDE(Political Subdivision & Country)French French form of HOLLAND (1), referring to the provinces and sometimes the entire country.
HOLSTEIN(Political Subdivision & Region)German, English, Dutch From the name of a Saxon tribe, derived from Old Saxon holt meaning "wood" and sat meaning "inhabitant". This is the name of a historical region in Germany, near the Danish border. It forms part of the name of the modern German state of Schleswig-Holstein.
INDIANA(Political Subdivision)English Means "land of the Indians". This is the name of an American state.
KENT(Political Subdivision & River)English Possibly from a Brythonic element meaning "border, edge, coast". This is the name of a historic kingdom and modern county in southeastern England, called Cent in Old English, Cantium in Latin. It is also the name of a river in Cumbria, northwestern England.
KERRY(Political Subdivision)Irish From Irish Gaelic Ciarraí meaning "CIAR's people". This is the name of an Irish county.
LORRAINE(Political Subdivision)French, English Ultimately from Latin Lothari regnum meaning "kingdom of LOTHAR". Lothar was a Frankish king, the great-grandson of Charlemagne, whose realm was in the part of France now called Lorraine, or in German Lothringen.
MAKEDONIEN(Region, Political Subdivision & Country)German, Danish, Swedish German, Danish and Swedish form of MACEDONIA. In German this refers only to the region, while the modern country is called Mazedonien or Nordmazedonien.
MARCHE(Political Subdivision)Italian, English From the plural of Late Latin marca meaning "borderland, march", of Germanic origin. This is the name of a region in central Italy, named for the March of Ancona, a frontier region in the Carolingian Empire.
QUEBEC(Settlement & Political Subdivision)English English form of French Québec, derived from the Algonquin word kepec meaning "narrows", referring to the Saint Lawrence River near Quebec city. This is the name of a Canadian province and also the capital city of that province.
ROMAGNA(Region & Political Subdivision)Italian, English, German From Latin ROMANIA, in this case the name of a historic region on the Adriatic coast of Italy (part of the modern administrative region of Emilia-Romagna).
SAXONY(Region & Political Subdivision)English From the name of the Germanic tribe of the Saxons, ultimately derived from Germanic sahs meaning "knife". This is the name of a historical region in Germany, and appears in the names of the German states of Saxony, Lower Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt.
SCHWYZ(Settlement & Political Subdivision)German, English, Spanish Meaning uncertain, possibly related to Old High German suedan"to burn" or possibly of Celtic origin. This is the name of a town (and a canton named for it) in central Switzerland.
VENETO(Political Subdivision)Italian, English The name of a region in northeastern Italy, called VENETIA in Latin, named after the Veneti people who lived there in ancient times.
VICTORIA(Political Subdivision, Settlement & Body of Water)English From the given name VICTORIA. It has generally been bestowed in honour of Queen Victoria (1819-1901). This is the name of many places in the former British Empire, including an Australian state and a Canadian city.
WASHINGTON(Settlement & Political Subdivision)English Means "settlement belonging to Wassa's people", from the given name WASSA and Old English tun meaning "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of a town in northern England. It is also the name of the capital city and a state in the United States, both named after the president George Washington (1732-1799), whose surname was derived from the name of the English town.
YORK(Settlement & Political Subdivision)English From Eboracum, the Latinized form of a Brythonic name like Eburacon meaning "yew". It was altered by association with Old English Eoforwic meaning "pig farm". This is the name of a city in northern England. The American city and state of New York were named after the Duke of York (James II of England).