Empoli(Settlement)Italian, English, French, German, Portuguese, Spanish Of uncertain origin: possibly from the Germanic first name *Empo- with the suffix -ulus, or from Latin in portu ("in the port") as per the Tabula Peutingeriana. An eighth-century castle is documented with the names Empolum, Emporium and Empolis... [more]
Etobicoke(Settlement)Iroquois (Anglicized), Algonquin (Anglicized) From the Mississagua name for the area, wah-do-be-kang (wadoopikaang), and means "the place where alders grow". Anglicized by Augustus Jones as 'ato-be-coake', but adopted by John Graves Simcoe as 'Etobicoke' in 1795.
Eureka(Settlement)English A port city in northwest California, on Humblodt Bay off the Pacific Ocean, which is a noted lumbering center; pop. 25,300 (est. 2008)
Exmouth(Settlement)English Exmouth has the -mouth ending, which denotes at the mouth of a river, the river being the river Exe in this case. Exmouth means 'on the mouth of the river Exe'.
Falkland(Settlement)Scottish A village, parish and former royal burgh in Fife, Scotland. It is derived from Scottish Gaelic, a combination of an unclear first element, possibly falach meaning "hidden," failc meaning "wash" or falc meaning "heavy rain," and the second element lann meaning "enclosure" (might also come from a Pictish cognate).
Fleury(Settlement)French The name of various places in northern France, derived from Latin Floriacum, the name of a Gallo-Roman estate which was composed of the personal name Florus and the locative suffix -acum... [more]
Flint(Settlement & River)English The name of a town in north Wales and numerous communities in the United States, notably the city in Michigan, as well as several rivers in the United States and Jamaica.... [more]
Florence(Settlement)English, Dutch, French, Latvian From Latin Florentia, derived from florens, ("flowering"), ultimately from flos, meaning "flower". This is the name of the capital city of Tuscany, in central Italy, as well as several settlements throughout the United States.... [more]
Funabashi(Settlement)Japanese Means either "bridge on a ship" or "bridge made of ships" in Japanese, from 船 (funa), meaning "ship, vessel", and 橋 (hashi), meaning "bridge"... [more]
Fyvie(Settlement)Scottish From the name of a Scottish village, chiefly distinguished for its castle (allegedly haunted, with a history going back to 1211), the meaning of which is uncertain. Earlier it may have been Fycyn or Fywin, according to one source from the Gaelic flodh abhuinn “wilderness by the river”... [more]
Georgetown(Settlement)English The capital of Guyana, and is a port at the mouth of the Demerara River, pop. 133,000 (est. 2007)
Gerfalco(Settlement)Italian The first element of this name is derived from Gothic gairu (gêr in Old High German) "spear", or from garva (garo in Old High German, and gearu in Anglo-Saxon) "ready, prepared." The second element is derived from Old High German falko "falcon"... [more]
Ghiffa(Settlement)Italian Town in Italy, known for the Sacred Mountain of Ghiffa pilgrimage site, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Glasgow(Settlement)Scottish The largest city in Scotland. From Cumbric words equivalent to Welsh glas, meaning 'blue' and gae meaning 'field, enclosure'.
Glaston(Settlement)English This name is derived from towns scattered around Europe. There are French towns named Glaston, and it also is similar to the famous town Glastonbury Tor, the predicted location of the Holy Grail.
Gloucester(Settlement)English (British) from Glevo, a Celtic name meaning "bright place" (could be related to Old English gleaw "wise, prudent") and Old English ceaster "Roman town" - see Chester.... [more]
Golspie(Settlement)Scottish A village in Sutherland, Scotland. It is derived from the Old Norse *gol, 'gully' and byr, 'village'.
Göteborg(Settlement)Swedish From the name of Göta älv ("River of the Geats"), combined with Swedish borg "castle, fortress". The Geats were a North Germanic tribe inhabiting present-day Sweden. Göteborg is the second largest city in Sweden.
Hachiōji(Settlement)Japanese Means "eight princes" in Japanese, from 八 (hachi), meaning "eight", 王 (ō), meaning "king", and 子 (shi), meaning "child"... [more]
Hackney(Settlement)English A district of London. It possibly derives from Old English Haka’s ey, meaning 'Haka's Island'.
Hadria(Settlement)Ancient Roman The name of two Roman settlements. The first one is modern Adria. It is an important Etruscan port town in northern Italy. The second one is modern Atri. It is named after the northern town in Italy... [more]
Haiphong(Settlement)English From Vietnamese Hải Phòng derived from Sino-Vietnamese 海 (hải) meaning "sea, ocean" and 防 (phòng) meaning "defend, protect, guard"... [more]
Hakone(Settlement)Japanese This is the name of a resort town in Japan's Kanagawa prefecture which, apart from its hot spring resorts, houses the Hakone Shrine (箱根神社, はこねじんじゃ) which dedicates to the Hakone Gongen (箱根権現, はこねごんげん).... [more]
Hanoi(Settlement)English From Sino-Vietnamese 河內 (Hà Nội), which is derived from Chinese 河內 (Hénèi) meaning "inside the river", from 河 (hé) meaning "river, stream" and 内 (nèi) meaning "inside", so named because of the area's location within the Red River... [more]
Harlan(Region, Settlement, Mountain & Other)German Harlan is a home rule-class city in and the county seat of Harlan County, Kentucky, United States. Harlan County is well known in folk and country music, having produced many prominent musicians. During the 20th century, it was often a center of labor strife between coal mine owners and union workers, especially in the Harlan County War of the 1930s.
Harrisburg(Settlement)English After a person bearing the surname Harris. In the case of the capital city of the US state of Pennsylvania, the city was named after founder John Harris Sr.
Hartford(Settlement)English Variant of Hertford, from the union of the words heorot ("hart, stag") and ford. This spelling is mostly used in the United States, most famously by the capital city of the State of Connecticut.
Heijō(Settlement)Japanese Alternate reading of Pyon'yan. This was the name for Pyongyang used during the Japanese occupation of Korea in the 20th century.
Heishan(Country, Political Subdivision & Settlement)Chinese Means "black mountain" in Chinese, from 黑 (hēi) meaning "black" and 山 (shān) meaning "mountain", used as the Chinese name for Montenegro (derived from a calque of the country's Montenegrin and Serbo-Croatian name, Crna Gora)... [more]
Helmsley(Settlement)English A small market town in Northern England. It's name derives from the Old English Helm, a personal name and leah, which means 'clearing, field'.
Helsingborg(Settlement)Swedish Helsingborg is a city in Scania, Sweden. The name is a combination of hals "neck, narrow strait" and borg "castle, fortification". There has been a permanent settlement around Helsingborg since 1085, making it one of Sweden's oldest cities.
Helsingør(Settlement)Danish, Norwegian Danish city founded in the 1420s. The name is derived from the word hals meaning "neck, narrow strait". William Shakespeare's 'Hamlet' is set in Elsinore (Kronborg), a castle in Helsingør.
Helsinki(Settlement)Finnish The first settlers of the modern Helsinki area came from Hälsingland, Sweden. A parish called Helsinge parish was founded in the 14th century and was later developed into a town called Helsinge fors "the Helsinge rapids"... [more]
Hengesdon(Settlement)Medieval English Earlier name for Hingston Down in Moretonhampstead, Devon, recorded in 1333. It meant "Hengest's hill" or "stallion's hill" from the Old English byname Hengest (or from Old English hengest "stallion") and Old English dun "hill".
Hialeah(Settlement)American The name of a city in the American state of Florida, commonly said to mean "pretty prairie" from Muskogee haiyakpo "prairie" and hili "pretty". Alternatively it may mean "high prairie" or "upland prairie" in Seminole.
Hinxton(Settlement)English The name of a village in Cambridgeshire, ultimately derived from a contraction of Old English Hengestestun which possibly meant "town of Hengest", itself from the genitive of the Old English byname Hengest (or from Old English hengest "stallion") and Old English tun "enclosure, yard, town".
Hội An(Settlement)Vietnamese From Sino-Vietnamese 會 (hội) meaning "meeting, festival" and 安 (an) meaning "safe, secure". This is the name of a city in Vietnam.
Hollywood(Settlement)English This is the name of several places throughout the United States as well as a few places in England. The most notable place is the district in Los Angeles, California, known for being the home of the U.S. motion-picture industry, whose name allegedly means "hauling wood".
Hwaseong(Settlement)Korean Combination of 華 (화, hwa, "bright, colorful") and 城 (성, seong, "castle"). This is the name of a city in South Korea.
Hyūga(Political Subdivision & Settlement)Japanese Shifted from earlier Himuka, belonging to an old province which corresponds to modern Miyazaki Prefecture and a modern city in that prefecture, formed on April 1, 1951.
Ilkley(Settlement)English Of uncertain origin. The English-born clergyman Robert Collyer (1823-1912) claimed this is derived from an old British word llecan meaning "rock". The second syllable may be derived from Old English leah "(woodland) clearing".
Imari(Settlement)Japanese This is the name of a city, known for Imari porcelain (even though it's actually made in nearby Arita) and for Imari pears, which is located in Saga Prefecture on the island of Kyūshū in south-western Japan.... [more]
Incheon(Settlement)Korean Combination of 仁 (인, in, "benevolence") and 川 (천, cheon, "river, stream"), thus "kind river". This is the name of a city in South Korea.
Indianapolis(Settlement)English Union of "Indiana", itself meaning "Land of the Indians" in Latin, and the Greek suffix polis. This is the name of the capital city of the US state of Indiana.
Ingoldisthorpe(Settlement)English From the Old Norse "Ingjaldr's" þorp "outflying farmstead". The name of a village in Norfolk.
Islamabad(Settlement)English, Hindi From Urdu اسلام آباد (Islam Abad) meaning "city of Islam" from the name of the religion and Urdu آباد (abad) meaning "inhabited place, city". This is the name of the capital city of Pakistan.
Jabarsá(Settlement)Medieval Arabic The name of a city in "1001 Arabian Nights", which was also called the city of Japheth. The people there were fire-worshippers. The palace of Japheth was there and housed a sword-spear hybrid which was said to have been used by Japheth.
Jackson(Settlement)English After a person bearing the surname Jackson, such as Andrew Jackson (1767–1845), seventh President of the United States. This is the name of several settlements in the United States, such as the capital city of the State of Mississippi.
Johannesburg(Settlement)French (African) Origin of Johannesburg's name is explained. In reaction to an inquiry, officials in Pretoria replied that Johannesburg was named after Johann Friedrich Bernhard Rissik and Christiaan Johannes Joubert - the only document dealing directly with the origin of the city's name.
Johor Bahru(Settlement)Malay, English From the name Johor and Malay bahru meaning "new". This is the name of a city in Johor state, Malaysia.
Joilet(Settlement)English (American) It was renamed in 1845 for Louis Jolliet, the French Canadian explorer who visited the site in 1673. Joliet was once known as “Stone City” for its limestone, which was used throughout the Midwest (e.g., in the Rock Island Arsenal, the Illinois State House, and the Lincoln Monument in Springfield).Joliet (/ˈdʒoʊliɛt, dʒoʊliˈɛt/) is a city in Will and Kendall Counties in the U.S. state of Illinois, 30 miles (48 km) southwest of Chicago... [more]
Jolo(Settlement & Island)Filipino, Tagalog, English Probably derived from Hokkien 好儂 (hó lâng) meaning "good people", named by Chinese traders to reflect how they perceived the native people of the region. This is the name of an island in the southern Philippines as well as the capital city of the province of Sulu.
Jórvík(Settlement)Ancient Scandinavian, Icelandic Icelandic and Old Norse form of York. It is believed to be derived from Old English Eoforwic, itself believed to be derived from Latin Eboracum possibly meaning "place of the yew trees".
Judice(Settlement)English Judice is an unincorporated community in Lafayette Parish, Louisiana, United States.
Jugang(Settlement)Chinese From Chinese 巨 (jù) meaning "big, enormous" and 港 (gǎng) meaning "port, harbour". This is the Chinese name for Palembang.
Jukkasjärvi(Settlement)Swedish, Finnish Originally from Northern Sami Čohkkirasjávri meaning "lake of assembly". It was later changed to the much more Finnish-sounding name Jukkasjärvi. This probably changed the meaning of the name as the first element jukkas is of uncertain origin (but it coincides with the Finnish given name Jukka)... [more]
Jumilla(Settlement)Spanish Jumilla is a town in southeastern Spain in the province of Murcia. The name comes from the Latin word for “reeds”.
Kanazawa(Settlement)Japanese Means "marsh of gold" in Japanese; derived from a local legend, according to which a peasant who found flakes of gold while digging for potatoes. The kanji that make up the name are 金 (kana), meaning "metal, gold", and 沢 (sawa), meaning "marsh"... [more]
Karasu(Settlement)Japanese This is the name of a former town located in Japan's Mie Prefecture which merged and expanded, along with a few other towns and municipalities, into the city of Tsu.... [more]