Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
ABAKAN (Settlement & River) Russian, English
Derived from the name Abakhan
which is the name of a mythological Turkish khan (king). His name means "bear's blood" in the Khakas language, and was bestowed to the present-day Abakan River and the city of the same name... [more]
ABERDEEN (Settlement) English (Rare)
A city in Scotland, stemming from the prefix aber- meaning 'river mouth', and the suffix -deen, which could possibly be referring to the rivers don and dee.
ÅBO (Settlement) Swedish
Possibly from Swedish å
"river" and bo
"home, dwelling" or "dweller, inhabitant". Other meanings are possible, like it being derived from the given name AABO
ACÁDIA (Country, Region & Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of both Acadia
(mostly the ancient city, but sometimes also the Akkadian Empire).
AE (Settlement & River) Scottish, Scots
The name of a village and a stream in Southwest Scotland. The name seems to be derived from Old Norse á
, meaning 'river'.
AGADIR (Settlement) English, Berber
Derived from Berber ⴰⴳⴰⴷⵉⵔ (agadir)
meaning "wall, enclosure, fortified building, citadel". Agadir is a port city located in southwestern MOROCCO
along the shore of the Atlantic
AIKAWA (Settlement) Japanese
This is the name of several towns in Japan. The first one (愛川) is located in Kanagawa Prefecture in eastern Japan, the second one (合川), located in Akita Prefecture in northern Japan, was merged with other towns to form the city of Kitaakita... [more]
AKUREYRI (Settlement) Icelandic
Combination of Icelandic akur
"field" and eyri
"sandbank". Akureyri is a town in the north of Iceland.
ALBANY (Settlement) English
Name of the capital in NEW YORK
, renamed after British acquisition in 1664 in honor of the Dukes of Albany (House of Stuart), hence a name borne by their retainers.
ALMERÍA (Settlement) Spanish
From the name of the Spanish city. Means 'the mirror of the sea.'
AL-QAHIRAH (Settlement) Arabic
It is the original form of CAIRO
the Egyptian capital city. Al-Qāhira means 'The Conquerer' because of a myth between its foundation and the planet Mars (that in Arabic is 'The Conquerer Star').
AMJALINA (Settlement) Belarusian
Derived from the Belarusian noun амяла (amjala)
meaning "mistletoe". This is the name of two villages in Belarus.
ANKARA (Settlement) Turkish, English
Derived from Ancient Greek ἄγκυρα (ánkura)
meaning "anchor". The city was formerly called Ancyra
. Ankara is a city in Turkey and the largest city after Istanbul.
ÅRE (Settlement) Swedish
Meaning uncertain, but probably derived from Old West Norse *ár
"peak, crest". Åre is a village and a popular ski resort in Jämtland
ARENDAL (Settlement) Norwegian
Combination of Old Norse ǫrn
"eagle" and dalr
"valley, dale". Arendal is a town and municipality in Southern Norway.
ARENDELLE (Region & Settlement) Popular Culture
Likely based on ARENDAL
, the name of a town and municipality in Southern Norway. Arendalle is a fictional kingdom in Disney's animated movie 'Frozen' (2013).
ARICA (Settlement) Spanish
It is the name of province, and town in Chile. It is also the name of a town in Colombia.
ARKHAM (Settlement) Literature
The name of a fictional town in Essex County, Massachusetts, used in the stories of H. P. Lovecraft (1890-1937). It may be influenced by Latin arcanum
meaning "mystery, secret" and Old English ham
ARLINGTON (Settlement) English
Three possible places called Arlington in Gloucestershire, Devon, and East Sussex.
ARRINGTON (Settlement) English
Arrington, a place in Cambridgeshire, named from an Old English byname, Earn(a), meaning ‘eagle’ + -inga- ‘people or followers of’ + tūn ‘settlement’.
ASHGABAT (Settlement) English, Yoruba, Scots, Occitan, Malay, Swahili, Irish, Indonesian, Welsh, Shona
Means "city of love", "city of devotion" from Persian عشقآباد (ešq-âbâd)
, a combination of Persian عشق ('ešq)
meaning "love" and آباد (âbâd)
"city". This is the name of the capital city of TURKMENISTAN
ASKRIGG (Settlement) English
A village in rural Northeast England. It is derived from the Old Norse askr
, 'ash tree' (c.f Swedish ask
, 'ash tree') and hryggr
, 'ridge' (c.f Swedish rygg
, 'ridge, spine', German rücken
, 'spine', Scots rig
ASTANA (Settlement) Kazakh, Russian, English, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Dutch, French, German, Greek, Kyrgyz, Polish, Portuguese, Serbian, Ukrainian
Means "capital city" in Kazakh, ultimately from Persian آستانه (âstâne)
. This was the name of the capital city of Kazakhstan
, which is now called Nur-Sultan
ASUNCIÓN (Settlement) Spanish
Means "assumption" in Spanish, as in “assumption of Mary to heaven". This is the capital of PARAGUAY
. Originally called Nuestra Señora Santa María de la Asunción
(meaning "Our Lady Saint Mary of the Assumption") by its founder, it was later shortened to Asunción.
ATHENRY (Settlement) Irish
Athenry (Baile Áth an Rí) meaning "Town of the Ford of the King" is a town in County Galway, Ireland, which lies 25 kilometres east of Galway city.
ATLANTA (Settlement) English
Name of a city in Georgia
, named by J. Edgar Thomson, Chief Engineer of the Georgia Railroad.
AUCKLAND (Settlement) English
The Baron Auckland and the Earl of Auckland are titles of the English nobility. The first Baron Auckland, William Eden, had the city of Auckland in New Zealand named after him. Bishop Auckland is a town in the county of Durham in Britain which has lent its name to the title... [more]
AUROVILLE (Settlement) English
The name of an indian town built by UNESCO located in southern India. It was built as an experimental town to see how is the world without politics, money or polution.
AVALBANE (Settlement) Irish (Anglicized)
Anglicized form of Irish Abhaill Bhán
"white orchard". This is or was the name of a township in the civil parish of Clontibret in County Monaghan, Ireland.
AVEN (Settlement) Biblical
place name meaning "vanity", "nothingness", "iniquity" and "sorrow".... [more]
AYUHWASI (Settlement) Cherokee
Ayuhwasi, meaning "savanna" or "large meadow". The name has been applied to several entities past and present in the U.S. states of Georgia, North Carolina, and Tennessee
BADEN (Settlement) German
The name of a town in Austria.
BADLEY (Settlement) English
Habitational name from Badley in Suffolk or Baddeley Green in Staffordshire, both named with the Old English personal name Bad(d)a + lēah ‘woodland clearing’.
BAKU (Settlement) English, Russian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Finnish, German, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Serbian, Swedish, Ukrainian
From Persian باکو (bâku)
which is of uncertain meaning. One popular etymology suggests that it means "wind-pounded city" from Persian باد (bâd)
meaning "wind" and کوبیدن (kubidan)
meaning "to pound, to beat" (given in reference to the area's storms and high winds)... [more]
BALTIMORE (Settlement) English
Baltimore is an independent city in the state of Maryland within the United States.
BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN (Settlement) Malay, English, Indonesian, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish
From Malay bandar
meaning "town", seri
meaning "radiance, splendour, glory", and begawan
meaning "holy". The name comes from Malay Seri Begawan
, a title used by Bruneian Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien III (1914-1986), ultimately derived from Sanskrit श्री भगवान् (śrī bhagvān)
meaning "radiance of the gods"... [more]
BARCELONA (Settlement) Catalan, Spanish, English
Barcelona is a city in Spain. It is the capital and largest city of Catalonia, as well as the second most populous municipality of Spain.
BATHGATE (Settlement) Scottish
A town in West Lothian, Scotland. It is derived from the Cumbric beith
, meaning 'boar' (Welsh baedd
) and chyd
, meaning 'wood, trees' (Welsh coed
BEDDGELERT (Settlement) Welsh
A village in northwest Wales. The name means 'Gelert's grave', from Welsh bedd
, 'grave' & Gelert
, whose identity is a subject of debate.... [more]
BEIRUT (Settlement) English
The capital of Lebanon. It is derived from Hebrew be'erot
which means "the wells".
BELGRADE (Settlement) English
Derived from Slavic beli, beo
meaning "white" and grad
meaning "city, town". The name comes from a white wall of a fortress that protected the city.
BELLEVILLE (Settlement) English
Name of a city in Canada and various others in America. Means "beautiful town" from the French belle
(beautiful) and ville
(city or town).
BENNINGTON (Settlement) English
Derived from the Old English personal name Beonna
combined with -ing-
, a connective particle denoting association, and tūn
BETWS-Y-COED (Settlement) Welsh
A village in rural North-West Wales. The element betws
, in Welsh means 'prayer house'. The y
is the definite article 'the'. The final element coed
means 'trees'. This gives a full name meaning 'prayer house in the forest'... [more]
BIRKA (Settlement) Ancient Scandinavian, Old Swedish
Possibly taken from a Latinization of Norse Bjǫrkey
"Birch island", although some believe it's derived from Old Norse birk
"market place". Birka was a Viking age town and an important trading and market place during the Viking Age located on the island Björkö
(modern form of Bjǫrkey) in Lake MÄLAREN
, outside of STOCKHOLM
BIR LEHLOU (Settlement) English
Derived from Hassaniya Arabic bir lehlou
meaning "sweet water well". Bir Lehlou is an oasis town in the Polisario-controlled region in northeastern Western SAHARA
BIRMINGHAM (Settlement) English
A city in central England. Its name derives from the Anglo-Saxon words meaning 'the farm of Beormund's people', from the personal name Beormund
, meaning 'people' and ham
, meaning 'farm'.
BISHKEK (Settlement) Kyrgyz, Russian, English, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Indonesian, Kazakh, Macedonian, Malay, Persian, Tajik, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Meaning uncertain. One theory suggests that it comes from a word meaning "whorl, whisk" in Kyrgyz, referring to a tool used to prepare kumis (a dairy product). It could also mean "five heights" from Kyrgyz беш (besh)
meaning "five" and бийик (biyik)
meaning "tall, high" or "five chiefs" from беш (besh)
meaning "five" and the Turkish title beg
meaning "chieftain, master"... [more]
BLACKPOOL (Settlement) English
A coastal town in Lancashire. Literally means 'black pool', so named from a nearby drainage stream which ran through a peat bog, discharging discoloured water into the nearby Irish Sea. (Compare DUBLIN
BONNYRIGG (Settlement) Scottish
A town, near Edinburgh, Scotland. It derives from Lowland Scots bonnie
, meaning 'beautiful, fine', and rig
, meaning 'ridge, hill-crest' (Old Norse hryggr
, 'back, ridge', Dutch rug
BORYSLAV (Settlement) Ukrainian
Boryslav is a city located on the Tysmenytsia River (a tributary of the Dniester), in Lviv Oblast (region) of western Ukraine. Boryslav is designated as a city of oblast significance.
BOSTON (Settlement) English
From a surname which was originally taken from an English place name meaning "Botwulf's stone". (It is likely that Botwulf was an ordinary landowner; later the place name became associated with the saint of the same name, Botulph
, who built a monastery there in the 7th century.) A city in Massachusetts bears this name... [more]
BOULDER (Settlement) English
Name of a city in COLORADO
, from Middle English bulderston
, from a Scandinavian source akin to Swedish dialectal bullersten
"noisy stone", (Swedish buller
"rumbling noise" + sten
BRAMPTON (Settlement) English
A city in the Great Toronto-Hamilton area of Ontario, Canada. From the surveyor of the same name.
BRIGHTON (Settlement) English
The name of an English city, meaning "bright town" in Old English.
BRO (Settlement) Swedish
Means "bridge" in Swedish. This is the name of many localities and parishes in Sweden. It's also a common place name element (see ÖREBRO
BROADFORD (Settlement) Scottish
A village in Skye, Scotland. It's name derives from the Old Norse words for 'wide fjord', referencing the local geography.... [more]
BROMLEY (Settlement) English
This is the name of a district and borough in south-east London.... [more]
BROUGHTON (Settlement) English
Broughton (Welsh: Brychdyn) is a district in Flintshire, Wales, close to the Wales–England border, located to the west of the City of Chester, England.
BUCHAREST (Settlement) English
Meaning uncertain. Traditional etymologies state that the city's name is derived from Bucur
, the name of a prince, outlaw, fisherman, shepherd, or hunter (depending on the specific legend), whose name is derived from Romanian bucurie
meaning "joy, happiness", probably of Dacian origin... [more]
BUENOS AIRES (Settlement) Spanish
Ultimately derived from Aragonese buen ayre
“good air”. It is the capital city of ARGENTINA
. The explorer who founded the city originally called it Ciudad de la Santísima Trinidad y Puerto de Nuestra Señora la Virgen María de los Buenos Aires
meaning "City of the Most Holy Trinity and Port of Saint Mary of the Good Airs" which was later shortened to just Buenos Aires.
CAINHANNOCH (Settlement) Mormon
From an alternative name for New York used in the Doctrine and Covenants. A possible origin could be that in the Bible, Cain, the son of Adam, had a son named Enoch. A derivative of that is Henoch, and a further derivative is Hanoch... [more]
CALETA (Settlement) Spanish
City name meaning ''little bay, inlet, or cove''. Most often La Caleta
CALLIFAE (Settlement) English
From the name of a town in ancient Italy, of uncertain origin. It was mentioned only by the Roman historian Livy, and may correspond to the village Calvisi, at the foot of the Monte Matese.
CAMBRIDGE (Settlement) English
Cambridge is a university city and the county town of Cambridgeshire, England, on the River Cam approximately 50 miles (80 km) north of London.... [more]
CANBERRA (Settlement) English
From the city of Canberra, Australian Capital Territory.
CARDIFF (Settlement) Welsh
The capital city of Wales. Cardiff derives from the city's Welsh name Caerdydd
, which in turn was derived from the city's Old Welsh name Caerdyf
(In Welsh f
(v) is often mutated to dd
CARPERBY (Settlement) English
A village in Yorkshire, England. The second element is Old Norse -byr
, 'farm'. The first element is possibly the Old Gaelic personal name Cairpre
. This seems to indicate a farm of an Irish or Scottish Viking, who settled in England... [more]
CASABLANCA (Settlement) English, Spanish
Means "white house", from Portuguese casa
meaning "house" and branca
meaning "white". The present-day spelling follows the Spanish form (casa
"white"), however, because of the Portuguese Kingdom joining the Spanish Kingdom... [more]
CEBU (Political Subdivision, Settlement & Island) English, Tagalog, Ilocano, Pampangan, Danish, Dutch, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Swedish
From Old Cebuano sibu
meaning "trade", itself a shortened form of sinibuayng hingpit
meaning "place for trading". This is the name of an island, province, and city (Cebu City) in the Philippines.
CHANTILLY (Settlement) French
From the name of a town in France near Paris, ultimately derived from the Gallo-Roman name Cantilius
. The city gave its name to a type of delicate lace originally made there.
CHARDONNAY (Settlement) French
The name of a famous village for the white wine produced here. Means "a place of thistles" from the latin cardonnacum
CHARLOTTE (Settlement) English
Name of a city in NORTH CAROLINA
, named in honor of Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, who had become the Queen of Great Britain just seven years before the town's incorporation.
CHERAGH (Settlement) Persian
This is the name of a village in Lorestan Province in western Iran. This is also used as a place name element (first or last) in other villages across Iran.... [more]
CHICAGO (Settlement) English
Name of a city in ILLINOIS
, from town founded in 1833, named from a Canadian French form of Algonquian sheka:ko:heki
"place of the wild onion," or Ojibwa shika:konk
"at the skunk place".
CHIPPENHAM (Settlement) English
One possibility for its naming may have been from Cyppa's Hamme which comes from the words ce-ap meaning market, and Hamme meaning enclosed by the river or an enclosed water meadow both of which Chippenham was.... [more]
CLADDAGH (Settlement) Irish, English
The name of an ancient village in Ireland, where the tradition of the Claddagh ring developed.
CONSTANȚA (Settlement) Romanian
This is the name of a romanian city which is also the biggest port in Romania. It's greek name is Tomis.
CRAWFORDJOHN (Settlement) Scottish
A village in Southern Scotland. It's name is of Scots origin and means 'Crow's ford of John'. See CRAWFORD
CUMBERNAULD (Settlement) Scottish
A town in North Lanarkshire, Scotland. The name in its present form is most likely derived from Gaelic comar nan allt
meaning 'meeting of the waters'. However, early forms containing Cumyr-
hint at a Cumbric predecessor derived possibly from Common Brittonic *cömber-ïn-alt
), perhaps meaning 'confluence at the hill'.
CUZCO (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Incan (Spanish), Quechua (Spanish), Spanish (Archaic)
Traditional spelling of Cusco
, a city in Peru which was the capital of the Inca Empire. Cusco
is the Hispanicized form of Quechua Qusqu
meaning "rock, boundary stone; heap of earth and stones; nucleus; navel; bed, dry bed of a lake".
CWM GWAUN (Settlement) Welsh
Cwm Gwaun (English: Gwaun Valley) is a community and valley in north Pembrokeshire, Wales. The name itself is derived from Welsh cwm
"valley" and gwaun
DALKEITH (Settlement) Scottish
A small town in Midlothian, Scotland, south of Edinburgh. It is of Cumbric language origin. The first element is dal
, meaning 'meadow, plateau' (Welsh ddôl
) and chyd
, meaning 'trees, wood' (Welsh coed
DEMELZA (Settlement) Cornish
Name of a hamlet in Cornwall, sometimes explained as a contraction of Cornish Dinas Maeldaf
"fort of Maeldaf", but more likely derived from Cornish ty
"house" and malsai
DES MOINES (Settlement) English
Name of the capital and the most populous city in IOWA
, which derived from Fort Des Moines, which was named for the Des Moines River. The French des Moines
translates to either "from the monks" or "of the monks".
DEVIZES (Settlement) English
Derived from castrum ad divisas, latin for “castle at the boundary”
DONCASTER (Settlement) English
A town in England located on the River Don. The first element is from the Roman fort Danum
, likely from an earlier Celtic settlement relating to the River Don. The second element is the Old English ceaster
, 'fort' (c.f Modern English castle
DORDRECHT (Settlement) Dutch
Dordrecht is a city and municipality in the Western Netherlands, located in the province of South Holland.... [more]
DOVER (Settlement) English
Dover is a small, but important port town in Kent, Southern England. It is derived from the Brythonic Dubrās
, meaning 'water' (Modern Welsh ddwfr
, 'water, tears').... [more]
DUBLIN (Settlement) English, Croatian
From Irish dubh
"black" "dark" referring to a dark tidal pool where the River Poddle entered the Liffey on the site of the Castle Gardens at the rear of Dublin Castle.
DURHAM (Settlement & Region) English, Anglo-Norman
A cathedral city in the North-East of England. The name is derived from the city's Latin name Dunelm
, which comprises of the Celtic element dun
, 'fortress' (c.f Welsh dinas
, 'city') and the Old Norse holme
, which meant an island (referring to the peninsular formed by the River Wear).
DUSHANBE (Settlement) Tajik, English
Derived from Persian دوشنبه
meaning "Monday". Dushanbe is the capital city of the Central Asian nation of Tajikistan. It was formerly called Dyushambe
during Russian rule.
DZÆUDZHYQÆU (Settlement) Ossetian
Means "Dzaug's settlement" in Ossetian, from the given name Дзæуыг (Dzæuyg)
(referring to Dzaug Bugulov, an 18th-century figure believed to be the founder of the city) and Ossetian хъæу (qæu)
meaning "village, settlement"... [more]
ECCLEFECHAN (Settlement) Scottish
A village in South-West Scotland. It's name derives from the Cumbric eccle-
, meaning 'church' (Welsh eglwys
) and fechan
, which meant 'small, unimportant' (Welsh fychan
EDINBURGH (Settlement) Scottish
Edinburgh is the capital city of Scotland. It was first attested in the Cumbric form Dinn Eidyn
, meaning 'castle of Edin', hence the Gaelic name Dùn Èideann
EDMONTON (Settlement) English
, mean "field owned by Eadhelm". City in Canada, named after the district of London.
EMDEN (Settlement) German
A city and seaport in Northwest Germany that has existed at least since the 8th century.
ESKILSTUNA (Settlement) Swedish
Combination of the Swedish name ESKIL
and Swedish tun
(from Old Norse tún
) meaning "enclosure, fence, homestead, courtyard, plot"... [more]
ESPOO (Settlement) Finnish
Derived from ESBO
, a combination of Swedish asp
"aspen" (or possibly äspe
"aspen forest") and å
"river, stream". Espoo is the second largest city (and urban area) in FINLAND
ETOBICOKE (Settlement) Iroquois (Anglicized), Algonquin (Anglicized)
From the Mississagua name for the area, wah-do-be-kang (wadoopikaang), and means "the place where alders grow". Anglicized by Augustus Jones as 'ato-be-coake', but adopted by John Graves Simcoe as 'Etobicoke' in 1795.
FEATHERSTONHAUGH (Settlement) English
A town in Northumberland, England. From Old English feðere
"stone", and healh
FRANKFURT (Settlement) German, English
A metropolis and the largest city in the State of Hesse, In Germany. It is also the fifth largest city of Germany.
GASTONIA (Settlement) English
Gastonia is the largest city and county seat of Gaston County, North Carolina, United States.
GATESHEAD (Settlement) English
A town in Northeast England. It most likely means 'goat's headland', implying that wild goats were a part of the local fauna.
GENEVA (Settlement) English
Geneva is the second-most populous city in Switzerland and the most populous city of the Romandy, the French-speaking part of Switzerland.... [more]
GERFALCO (Settlement) Italian
The first element of this name is derived from Gothic gairu
in Old High German) "spear", or from garva
in Old High German, and gearu
in Anglo-Saxon) "ready, prepared." The second element is derived from Old High German falko
GLASGOW (Settlement) Scottish
The largest city in Scotland. From Cumbric words equivalent to Welsh glas
, meaning 'blue' and gae
meaning 'field, enclosure'.
GLASTON (Settlement) English
This name is derived from towns scattered around Europe. There are French towns named Glaston, and it also is similar to the famous town Glastonbury Tor, the predicted location of the Holy Grail.
GLOUCESTER (Settlement) English (British)
, a Celtic name meaning "bright place" (could be related to Old English gleaw
"wise, prudent") and Old English ceaster
"Roman town" - see CHESTER
GOLSPIE (Settlement) Scottish
A village in Sutherland, Scotland. It is derived from the Old Norse *gol
, 'gully' and byr
GÖTEBORG (Settlement) Swedish
Combination of Swedish Göte
"Geat" and borg
"castle, fortress". The Geats (sometimes referred to as Goths) were a North Germanic tribe inhabiting present-day GÖTALAND
GOTHAM (Settlement) Popular Culture, English
Gotham, or Gotham City, is a fictional city and the home of Batman
in the comic books published by DC Comics. Outside of the comics, Gotham is a nickname for NEW YORK
City first used in 1807 by writer Washington Irving in his work "Salmagundi"... [more]
HABANA (Settlement) Spanish
From the Spanish name of the capital city of Cuba, known in English as Havana
, the origin and meaning of which is obscure. Most likely it is based on Habaguanex
, the name of a local Taíno (Arawak) chief.
HACKNEY (Settlement) English
A district of LONDON
. It possibly derives from Old English Haka’s ey
, meaning 'Haka's Island'.
HAFNARFJÖRÐUR (Settlement) Icelandic
Combination of Icelandic höfn
"harbour, port" and fjörður
"fjord". Hafnarfjörður is the third largest city in Iceland.
HAKONE (Settlement) Japanese
This is the name of a resort town in Japan's Kanagawa prefecture which, apart from its hot spring resorts, houses the Hakone Shrine (箱根神社, はこねじんじゃ) which dedicates to the Hakone Gongen (箱根権現, はこねごんげん).... [more]
HELMSLEY (Settlement) English
A small market town in Northern England. It's name derives from the Old English Helm
, a personal name and leah
, which means 'clearing, field'.
HELSINGBORG (Settlement) Swedish
Helsingborg is a city in SCANIA
, Sweden. The name is a combination of hals
"neck, narrow strait" and borg
"castle, fortification". There has been a permanent settlement around Helsingborg since 1085, making it one of Sweden's oldest cities.
HELSINGØR (Settlement) Danish, Norwegian
Danish city founded in the 1420s. The name is derived from the word hals
meaning "neck, narrow strait". William Shakespeare's 'Hamlet' is set in ELSINORE
(Kronborg), a castle in Helsingør.
HELSINKI (Settlement) Finnish
The first settlers of the modern Helsinki area came from HÄLSINGLAND
, Sweden. A parish called Helsinge parish
was founded in the 14th century and was later developed into a town called Helsinge fors
"the Helsinge rapids"... [more]
HENGESDON (Settlement) Medieval English
Earlier name for Hingston Down in Moretonhampstead, Devon, recorded in 1333. It meant "Hengest's hill" or "stallion's hill" from the Old English byname HENGEST
(or from Old English hengest
"stallion") and Old English dun
HERTFORD (Settlement) English
Comes from a ford where a Hart (a male deer) drank at a ford.
HESHMON (Settlement) Biblical Hebrew
City south of Judah, recorded in Joshua 15:27. Literal meaning, "fatness." Contextual meaning, "abundant blessing."
HIALEAH (Settlement) American
The name of a city in the American state of Florida, commonly said to mean "pretty prairie" from Muskogee haiyakpo
"prairie" and hili
"pretty". Alternatively it may mean "high prairie" or "upland prairie" in Seminole.
HINXTON (Settlement) English
The name of a village in Cambridgeshire, ultimately derived from a contraction of Old English Hengestestun
which possibly meant "town of Hengest", itself from the genitive of the Old English byname HENGEST
(or from Old English hengest
"stallion") and Old English tun
"enclosure, yard, town".
HOLLYWOOD (Settlement) English
This is the name of several places throughout the United States as well as a few places in England. The most notable place is the district in Los Angeles
, known for being the home of the U.S. motion-picture industry, whose name allegedly means "hauling wood".
HONOLULU (Settlement) Hawaiian, English
Means "sheltered harbor", from Hawaiian hono
"bay, harbor" and lulu
"shelter". This is the state capital of HAWAII
HYŪGA (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Japanese
Shifted from earlier HIMUKA
, belonging to an old province which corresponds to modern Miyazaki Prefecture and a modern city in that prefecture, formed on April 1, 1951.
IEPER (Settlement) Dutch
Probably from the name of the river Ieperlee
which, itself, may be derived from the Dutch word for elm, iep
ILKLEY (Settlement) English
Of uncertain origin. The English-born clergyman Robert Collyer (1823-1912) claimed this is derived from an old British word llecan
meaning "rock". The second syllable may be derived from Old English leah
IMARI (Settlement) Japanese
This is the name of a city, known for Imari porcelain (even though it's actually made in nearby Arita) and for Imari pears, which is located in Saga Prefecture on the island of Kyūshū in south-western Japan.... [more]
INVERNESS (Settlement) Scottish
A coastal city in northern Scotland. From Scottish Gaelic Inbhir
, meaning 'estuary, confluence'and nis
, the Gaelic name of the River Ness.
ÍSAFJÖRÐUR (Settlement) Icelandic
Means "ice fjord" or "fjord of ice" in Icelandic. Ísafjörður is a town in Iceland.
ISLAMABAD (Settlement) Urdu, English
Means "city of Islam", a combination of اسلام (Islām)
referring to the monotheistic religion and the Persian آباد (ābād)
"city, building, habitation". This is the name of the capital city of PAKISTAN
ISTANBUL (Settlement) English
Misinterpretation of a Greek phrase "εἰς τὴν Πόλιν" (eis tín pólin)
meaning "to the city". It was formerly called Constantinople
. Istanbul is the capital city of Turkey.
ITHACA (Settlement) Greek Mythology
In Greek Mythology, Ithaca was the home of the hero Odysseus. The epic poem The Oddysey describes his long and perilous voyage home after the Trojan War. In literature, Ithaca has become synonymous with "home," "homeland," or "place dearest to you."
JAKARTA (Settlement) Indonesian, English, Acehnese, Balinese, Javanese, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Malay, Romanian, Swedish
From Sanskrit जयकर्त (jayakarta)
meaning "that which causes victory", from जय (jayá)
"victory, triumph" and कृत (kṛtá)
"done, made, accomplished". This is the name of the capital city of Indonesia
JEREVAN (Settlement) Bosnian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, Icelandic, Norwegian, Serbian, Slovak, Swedish
Form of YEREVAN
JOHANNESBURG (Settlement) French (African)
Origin of Johannesburg's name is explained. In reaction to an inquiry, officials in Pretoria replied that Johannesburg was named after Johann Friedrich Bernhard Rissik and Christiaan Johannes Joubert - the only document dealing directly with the origin of the city's name.
JOHOR BAHRU (Settlement) Malay, English, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Turkish
Means "new gem" from Arabic جَوْهَر (jawhar)
meaning "jewel, precious stone, gem" and Malay bahru
meaning "new". This is the name of a city in Malaysia
JÓRVÍK (Settlement) Ancient Scandinavian, Icelandic
Icelandic and Old Norse form of YORK
. It is believed to be derived from Old English Eoforwic
, itself believed to be derived from Latin Eboracum
possibly meaning "place of the yew trees".
JUDICE (Settlement) English
Judice is an unincorporated community in Lafayette Parish, Louisiana, United States.
JUKKASJÄRVI (Settlement) Swedish, Finnish
Originally from Northern Sami Čohkkirasjávri
meaning "lake of assembly". It was later changed to the much more Finnish-sounding name Jukkasjärvi. This probably changed the meaning of the name as the first element jukkas
is of uncertain origin (but it coincides with the Finnish given name JUKKA
JUMILLA (Settlement) Spanish
Jumilla is a town in southeastern Spain in the province of Murcia. The name comes from the Latin
word for “reeds”.
KAIYŌ (Settlement) Japanese
This is the name of a town in Japan's Tokushima Prefecture.... [more]
KARASU (Settlement) Japanese
This is the name of a former town located in Japan's Mie Prefecture which merged and expanded, along with a few other towns and municipalities, into the city of Tsu.... [more]
KARLSTAD (Settlement) Swedish
's town" in Swedish. It was named after the Swedish king Karl IX who founded the town in 1584. ... [more]
KASHIWA (Settlement) Japanese
This is the name of a city in Chiba Prefecture in eastern Japan. It is simply derived from 柏 (haku, hyaku, byaku, kashiwa) meaning "oak" (or more specifically, daimyo oak/sweet oak).... [more]
KATHMANDU (Settlement) English
Named after the Kasthamandap Temple in Kathmandu, which is derived from Sanskrit काष्ठ (Kāṣṭha)
meaning "wood" and मण्डप (Maṇḍap)
meaning "covered shelter"; literally means "wood-covered shelter"... [more]
KATRINEHOLM (Settlement) Swedish
Swedish city located in SÖDERMANLAND
. It was originally the name of a ducal residence located in the area. The residence was named after the owner's wife CATHARINA