Scandinavian Submitted Place Names

Scandinavian names are used in the Scandinavia region of northern Europe. For more specific lists, see Swedish names, Danish names and Norwegian names. See also about Scandinavian names.
type
usage
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
Sparta (Settlement) English, Czech, Danish, Finnish, German, Icelandic, Manx, Polish, Ancient Greek, Ancient Roman
From Doric Greek Σπάρτα (Sparta) and Attic Greek Σπάρτη (Spartē), which is of uncertain origin but possibly derived from σπάρτον (sparton) meaning "rope, cable" - a reference to the cords laid as the city’s foundation boundaries, though this could be just a folk etymology.... [more]
Sri Lanka (Country & Island) Afrikaans, Albanian, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Sinhalese ශ්‍රී ලංකාව (ś‍rī laṁkāva) meaning "holy island", derived from Sanskrit श्री (śrī) meaning "holy, sacred" and लङ्का (laṅkā) meaning "island"... [more]
Steiermark (Political Subdivision & Region) German, Danish, Finnish, Icelandic, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Swedish
German form of Styria, which some countries have adopted as their name for both the Austrian state and the Austro-Slovenian region.
Stilla Havet (Body of Water) Swedish
Means "the calm sea" in Swedish, from stilla "still, calm" and havet "the sea". This is the Swedish name for the Pacific Ocean.
Stokkhólmur (Settlement) Icelandic, Faroese
Icelandic and Faroese form of Stockholm.
Stóra-bretland (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Great Britain.
Stórabretland (Country) Faroese
Faroese form of Great Britain, used as a name for United Kingdom.
Storbritannien (Region) Swedish, Danish
Swedish and Danish form of Great Britain, also used when referring to United Kingdom.
Storsjön (Body of Water) Swedish
Means "the great lake" in Swedish (from stor "big, great, large" and sjön "the lake"). Storsjön is the 5th largest lake in Sweden, but it's also known for being the supposed home of Storsjöodjuret ("The Great-Lake monster"), a lake monster similar to the one in Loch Ness.
Stóðgarður (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Stuttgart.
Strängnäs (Settlement) Swedish
Combination of an uncertain first element (possibly from a word describing a snare used for hunting, but other meanings are possible), and Swedish näs "isthmus". On June 6 in 1523, Gustaf Vasa was elected king of Sweden here... [more]
Suchumi (Settlement) Czech, Polish, Swedish
Czech, Polish and Swedish form of Sukhumi.
Súdan (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Sudan
Sudetene (Mountain) Norwegian
Norwegian form of Sudetes.
Sudeterna (Mountain) Swedish
Swedish form of Sudetes.
Sudeterne (Mountain) Danish
Danish form of Sudetes.
Súmatra (Political Subdivision & Island) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Sumatra.
Súrínam (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Suriname.
Surtsey (Island) Icelandic
Means "Surtr's island" in Icelandic. Surtsey is an uninhabited island south of Iceland that formed in a volcanic eruption (which lasted several years) in the mid-1960s.
Suður-afríka (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of South Africa.
Suður-kórea (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of South Korea
Suðurkorea (Country) Faroese
Faroese form of South Korea
Svalbard (Political Subdivision) Norwegian, English, Swedish
Originally from Old Norse Svalbarð, composed of svalr "cold" and barð "edge, ridge". Svalbard is a Norwegian archipelago in the Arctic Ocean located right between continental Norway and the North Pole.
Svartfjallaland (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Montenegro, from Icelandic svartur "black", fjall "mountain" and land "country".
Svealand (Region) Swedish
Means "land of the Swedes" (see Svea). The Swedes were a North Germanic tribe inhabiting present-day Sweden. ... [more]
Svea Rike (Country) Swedish (Archaic)
Older form of Sverige.
Sviss (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Switzerland.
Svíþjóð (Country) Icelandic
Combination of Icelandic Svíi "Swede" and þjóð "a people, a nation". This is the Icelandic form of Sweden.
Svøríki (Country) Faroese
Faroese cognate of Sverige. This is the Faroese form of Sweden
Sydafrika (Country) Danish, Swedish
Danish and Swedish form of South Africa.
Sydamerika (Region) Swedish, Danish
Swedish and Danish form of South America.
Sydkorea (Country) Swedish, Danish
Swedish and Danish form of South Korea.
Tadsjikistan (Country) Danish, Faroese, Norwegian
Danish, Faroese and Norwegian form of Tajikistan.
Tadzjikistan (Country) Dutch, Swedish
Dutch and Swedish form of Tajikistan.
Taíland (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Thailand.
Taívan (Country & Island) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Taiwan.
Taivan (Country) Faroese
Faroese form of Taiwan
Tallinn (Settlement) Estonian, English, Danish, Dutch, French, German, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish
Meaning uncertain, but probably derived from Estonian Taani-Linn(a) meaning "Danish town" (originally "Danish castle"). This is the capital of Estonia.
Tammerfors (Settlement) Finland Swedish
Combination of an unknown first element and Swedish fors "rapid, waterfall". This is the Swedish name of Tampere.
Tansanía (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Tanzania
Tasjkent (Settlement) Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Norwegian, Swedish
Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Norwegian and Swedish form of Tashkent.
Tavastland (Political Subdivision) Swedish, Danish, Dutch
Swedish form of Tavastia, which some countries have adopted as their name for the historical Swedish province that is now part of Finland.
Tékkland (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Čechy, used as a name for the Czech Republic (see Czechia).
Telemark (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From teler the name of an old Germanic tribe and the Old Norse mǫrk meaning "woodland, borderland, or march/mark."... [more]
Téténía (Political Subdivision) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Chechnya.
Þessalóníka (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Thessaloniki.
Thingvellir (Other) Icelandic
The ancient site of the Icelandic government, now a national park. From the Scandinavian 'Þingvöllr', meaning "the meeting place of the assembly".
Þórshöfn (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Tórshavn.
Þýskaland (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic cognate of Deutschland.
Tibet (Region, Political Subdivision & Country) English, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, French, German, Hebrew, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Uzbek
Meaning uncertain, perhaps derived from Tibetan སྟོད་བོད (stod-bod) meaning "Upper Tibet", itself from the autonym བོད (Bod). Alternately the name may be of Turkic origin, possibly from Old Turkic töbäd meaning "heights" or töpü meaning "peak, height, summit"... [more]
Timfú (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Thimphu.
Tingvoll (Region) Norwegian
A municipality in Norway. From the Scandinavian 'Þingvöllr', meaning "the meeting place of the assembly".
Tirana (Settlement) Albanian, English, Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkmen, Uzbek
Perhaps derived from Doric Greek Τυρσανοί (Tursanoi) meaning "Tyrrhenians", which was an exonym for non-Greek inhabitants of the Tyrrhenian Sea. This is the name of the capital city of Albania.
Tjeckoslovakien (Country) Swedish
Combination of Tjeckien and Slovakien, thus making it the Swedish form of Czechoslovakia.
Tjerkessien (Country & Region) Swedish
Swedish form of Circassia.
Tjetjenien (Political Subdivision) Danish, Swedish
Danish and Swedish form of Chechnya.
Togo (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Korean, Latvian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Means "land where lagoons lie" from Ewe to meaning "water" and go meaning "shore". Togo, officially the Togolese Republic, is a country in West Africa bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north.
Tórshavn (Settlement) Faroese
Means "Thor's harbour" in Faroese. Tórshavn is the capital and largest city of the Faroe Islands.
Transdanubia (Region) English, Finnish, Norwegian, Romanian, Spanish
Means "beyond the river Danube", derived from Latin trans meaning "across, beyond" combined with the Latin noun Danubius meaning "the river Danube".... [more]
Transdanubien (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Transdanubia.
Transkarpatia (Region) Norwegian
Norwegian form of Transcarpathia.
Transkarpatien (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Transcarpathia.
Transkaspia (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
Norwegian form of Transcaspia.
Transkaspien (Political Subdivision) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Transcaspia.
Transkaukasia (Region) Basque, Finnish, Norwegian
Basque, Finnish and Norwegian form of Transcaucasia.
Transkaukasien (Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Transcaucasia.
Transnistria (Political Subdivision & Region) Basque, English, Estonian, Finnish, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Spanish
Means "beyond the river Dniester", derived from Latin trans meaning "across, beyond" combined with the Romanian noun Nistru meaning "the river Dniester".... [more]
Transnistrien (Political Subdivision & Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Transnistria.
Transoxanien (Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Transoxiana via its Latin form Transoxania.
Transsylvanien (Region) Danish, Swedish
Danish and Swedish form of Transylvania.
Trelleborg (Settlement) Swedish
Derived from the word trelleborg meaning "ring fort" or "Viking ring fortress", referring to a type of circular forts built during the Viking Age. The word trelleborg itself might be a combination of Old Norse þræll "slave" or trel "wooden staves" and borg "fortress, castle".
Tripolitanien (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Tripolitania.
Troms (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
A county in Norway. The name comes from the Norse word trums and could mean "stream" or "streaming water".
Tromsø (Settlement) Norwegian
From the name of an island, Tromsøya (Old Norse: Trums), whose name is derived from Old Norse straumr possibly meaning "stream, strong current". Tromsø is a city in northern Norway. See also: Troms
Trondheim (Settlement) Norwegian
Trondheim is the third largest city in Norway. It was originally named Nidaros but known colloquially as kaupangr "marketplace" or kaupangr í Þróndheimi "the marketplace in Trondheim/Trøndelag" which was later shortened to just Þróndheimr... [more]
Tsjerkessia (Region) Norwegian
Norwegian form of Circassia.
Tsjetsjenia (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
Norwegian form of Chechnya.
Tuna (Other) Swedish
Derived from Old Norse tún meaning "enclosure, fence, homestead, courtyard, plot". This is the name of many localities and parishes in Sweden. It is also a common place-name element (see Eskilstuna).
Tunesien (Country) Danish, German
Danish and German form of Tunisia
Túnis (Country & Settlement) Icelandic, Portuguese (Brazilian)
Icelandic and Brazilian Portuguese form of Tunis. The Icelandic name refers to both the country of Tunisia and the city of Tunis, while the Portuguese name refers only to the city.
Tunis (Country & Settlement) Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
Meaning uncertain, possibly from the Tamazight root ens meaning "to lie down, to pass the night" or from the name of the Phoenician goddess Tanith... [more]
Tunisia (Country) Basque, English, Finnish, Galician, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Swahili, Thai
The name of a country in North Africa, named after its capital city Tunis.
Tunisien (Country) Swedish
Swedish form of Tunisia.
Turkiet (Country) Swedish
Swedish form of Turkey.
Túrkmenistan (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan (Country) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Faroese, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog, Ukrainian
From Turkmen Türkmenistan, which is from the name of the Turkmen people combined with the Persian suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". The ethnic name is believed by some to mean "resembling a Turk" or "co-Turk", from the name of the Turkic peoples combined with the Sogdian suffix -myn or -men... [more]
Tyrkiet (Country) Danish
Danish form of Turkey
Tyrkland (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Turkey.
Udmurtien (Political Subdivision) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German, and Swedish form of Udmurtia.
Úkraína (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Ukraine.
Ulan Bator (Settlement) Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, English, Finnish, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog
Form of Ulaanbaatar used in various languages as well as an English variant of the name.
Uleåborg (Settlement) Finland Swedish
Combination of Ule, the name of a river whose name derives from the Finnish dialectal word oulu "floodwater", Swedish å "river, stream", and borg "castle, fortification"... [more]
Ulkebøl (Settlement) Danish
Village on the Danish island of Als. The name is derived from the Frisian given name Ulke (in modern Danish: Ole) and the old Danish word bøl (meaning an outlying farm) and as such means "Ole's outlying farm".... [more]
Umeå (Settlement) Swedish
From the name of the Ume River. Possibly derived from Old Norse úma "roaring" and the place name element -eå denoting the city's location near the river. Another theory is that the name is derived from Finnish uoma "riverbed".
Ungverjaland (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Hungary.
Uppland (Region) Swedish
Uppland is a Swedish historical province. The name is a combination of Swedish upp "up" and land "land". The name is believed to refer to its location north of Lake Mälaren.
Uppsala (Settlement) Swedish
Means "upstream from Sala", from Old Norse upp "up" and salir "halls, rooms". Sala was a village located downstream from Uppsala (it is nowadays a neighbourhood known as Sala backe)... [more]
Uppsalir (Settlement) Old Norse, Icelandic
Old Norse and Icelandic form of Uppsala.
Uruguay (Country & River) Spanish, English, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Swedish, Turkish, Finnish
From Guaraní, either urugua meaning "shellfish" or uru, referring to a type of bird, and gua meaning "from" combined with y meaning "water."... [more]
Usbekistan (Country) Danish, Estonian, German, Norwegian, Somali, Tagalog
Form of Uzbekistan used in various languages.
Vadstena (Settlement) Swedish
Probably a combination of Old Swedish *vazt "place to fish" and sten "stone". Vadstena is a city in Sweden that had an important role in Sweden's early Christian history. Saint Bridget (Heliga Birgitta) founded the Bridgettine Order here at the Vadstena Abbey in the 14th centry.
Vaduz (Settlement) German, English, Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
Derived from Rhaeto-Romance auadutg meaning "aqueduct", ultimately from Latin aquaeductus. This is the name of the capital city of Liechtenstein.
Vanda (Settlement) Finland Swedish
Swedish form of Vantaa.
Vänern (Body of Water) Swedish
Meaning uncertain. One theory is that the name is derived from Old Swedish vænir and therefore related to Archaic Swedish words vån "hope, prospect" and vän "beautiful, fair"... [more]
Värmland (Political Subdivision) Swedish
Swedish county and province. The name could be derived from Swedish värma meaning "warmth, to heat up".
Varsjá (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Warsaw.
Västerås (Settlement) Swedish
Derived from Westra Aros meaning "west river mouth". Västerås is the 5th largest city in Sweden.
Västerbotten (Political Subdivision) Swedish
Swedish county (län) and historical province (landskap) in Northern Sweden. The name refers to its geographical location west of the Bothnian Bay and Bothnian Sea... [more]
Västergötland (Region) Swedish
Västergötland is a historical province in Sweden meaning "Western Götaland". The largest city is Göteborg... [more]
Västmanland (Political Subdivision) Swedish
Means "land of the western people". Western people referred to people living west of Uppland. ... [more]
Västra Götaland (Political Subdivision) Swedish
Västra Götaland is a Swedish county (län). The name means "Western Götaland". ... [more]
Vatikanstaten (Country) Danish, Norwegian, Swedish
Danish, Norwegian and Swedish form of Vatican City. Their name for the country literally means "The Vatican State".
Vättern (Body of Water) Swedish
Meaning uncertain, but possibly derived from Swedish vatten "water". Vättern is the second largest lake in Sweden and the sixth largest lake in Europe.
Vest-Agder (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the Norwegian word vest meaning "west" and the place name agder. It means "the western part of Agder."... [more]
Vestfold (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the old name of the Olsofjord fold and the Norwegian word vest. The name means, "the region west of the fold."... [more]
Víetnam (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Vietnam
Vín (Settlement) Icelandic, Irish
Icelandic and Irish form of Wien.
Visby (Settlement) Swedish
Visby is a city on the island of Gotland, Sweden. The area's been settled for a long time and was pre-13th century called just Vi "holy place, place of sacrifice, sanctuary"... [more]
Vjetnam (Country) Faroese, Maltese
Faroese and Maltese form of Vietnam.
Vogesene (Mountain) Norwegian
Norwegian form of Vosges.
Vogeserna (Mountain) Swedish
Swedish form of Vosges.
Vogeserne (Mountain) Danish
Danish form of Vosges.
Yamoussoukro (Political Subdivision & Settlement) English, French, Danish, Portuguese
In honor of Yamousso, a Baoulé queen and great-aunt of President Félix Houphouët-Boigny (1905–1993), with the addition of the suffix kro ("village"). This is the name of the de iure capital city of Côte D'ivoire, as well as the name of the district around it.
Yaoundé (Settlement) English, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Welsh, Yoruba
From the outpost of Jaundo, founded between 1887 and 1889 by German explorers Lt. Richard Kund and Hans Tappenbeck and named so after the local Ewondo people, also known as Yaunde. The name could also have been a German rendition of the Ewondo expression mia wondo ("peanut farmers")... [more]
Ytterby (Settlement) Swedish
Means "outer village" in Swedish. ... [more]
Zagreb (Settlement) Croatian, English, Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek
Meaning uncertain. It may be derived from the given name Chabrag, a pet form of Cyprian, from Proto-Slavic *grębъ meaning "hill, uplift" or from a Roman place name... [more]
Zinkgruvan (Settlement) Swedish
Means "the zink mine" in Swedish. Zinkgruvan is both a village and a mine. It is the only locality in Sweden starting with Z.