ABISKO(Other)Swedish From Northern Sami Ábeskovvu meaning "forest by the big water", from Sami áphi "lake, sea, big water" and skovvu, identical to Swedish skog "forest". The "big water" is probably Torneträsk... [more]
AKERSHUS(Political Subdivision)Norwegian The Norwegian fylke of Akershus is names after Akershus Fortress, meaning "the (fortified) house of (the district) Aker." Aker used to be a Norwegian municipality, but it is now an area in OSLO.... [more]
AKUREYRI(Settlement)Icelandic Combination of Icelandic akur "field" and eyri "sandbank". Akureyri is a town in the north of Iceland.
ÅLAND(Island)Swedish Either derived from Old Norse *Ahvaland meaning "land of water" (from ahva "water"), or from Finnish Ahvenanmaa "perch land" (from ahven "perch"). Åland is an autonomous archipelago province in the BALTIC SEA... [more]
BOTTENVIKEN(Body of Water)Swedish Combination of Old Swedish botn "bay, gulf" and the definite form of Swedish vik "bay", making it a tautological place name meaning "the bay bay". Bottenviken is a part of Bottniska viken and the northernmost part of the Baltic Sea.
BUSKERUD(Political Subdivision)Norwegian Named after an old manor of the same name. (Biskupsruð) It derives from the Old Norse biskup (bishop) and ruð (clearing, farm.) The biskup part referring in particular to the Bishop of the ancient Catholic diocese of Hamar.... [more]
EYJAFJALLAJÖKULL(Other)Icelandic Means "island mountain glacier". From Icelandic eyja "island", fjall "mountain", and jökull "glacier". Eyjafjallajökull is a glacier and volcano in Iceland whose eruptions in 2010 caused a great air travel disruption in Europe.
GÖTALAND(Region)Swedish Means "land of the Geats". The Geats (sometimes referred to as Goths) were a North Germanic tribe inhabiting southern Sweden. Götaland is one of three lands of Sweden, the others being SVEALAND and NORRLAND.
GÖTEBORG(Settlement)Swedish Combination of Swedish Göte "Geat" and borg "castle, fortress". The Geats (sometimes referred to as Goths) were a North Germanic tribe inhabiting present-day GÖTALAND in Sweden.
GOTLAND(Island)Swedish Named after a North Germanic tribe, the Gutes (Old Norse gotar).
GRÆNHÖFÐAEYJAR(Country)Icelandic Combination of Icelandic grænn "green", höfði "headland, promontory", and eyjur "islands". This is the Icelandic name for CAPE VERDE.
HAFNARFJÖRÐUR(Settlement)Icelandic Combination of Icelandic höfn "harbour, port" and fjörður "fjord". Hafnarfjörður is the third largest city in Iceland.
HÄLSINGLAND(Region)Swedish Hälsingland is a province in central Sweden meaning "land of the Hälsings". Hälsing is believed to be a combination of Swedish hals "throat, neck" and inge "dweller". The hals-part is probably not referring to the anatomical part, but rather to a narrow strait of water.
HEDMARK(Political Subdivision)Norwegian From the Old Norse Heiðmǫrk. That's from heiðnir the name of an old Germanic tribe (related to heið meaning moorland) and mǫrk meaning "woodland, borderland, or march/mark."... [more]
HELSINGBORG(Settlement)Swedish Helsingborg is a city in SCANIA, Sweden. The name is a combination of hals "neck, narrow strait" and borg "castle, fortification". There has been a permanent settlement around Helsingborg since 1085, making it one of Sweden's oldest cities.
HELSINGØR(Settlement)Danish, Norwegian Danish city founded in the 1420s. The name is derived from the word hals meaning "neck, narrow strait". William Shakespeare's 'Hamlet' is set in ELSINORE (Kronborg), a castle in Helsingør.
HJÄLMAREN(Body of Water)Swedish Derived from Old Swedish *iælmber "noise, rumble". Hjälmaren is the 4th largest lake in Sweden.
JÓRVÍK(Settlement)Ancient Scandinavian, Icelandic Icelandic and Old Norse form of YORK. It is believed to be derived from Old English Eoforwic, itself believed to be derived from Latin Eboracum possibly meaning "place of the yew trees".
JUKKASJÄRVI(Settlement)Swedish, Finnish Originally from Northern Sami Čohkkirasjávri meaning "lake of assembly". It was later changed to the much more Finnish-sounding name Jukkasjärvi. This probably changed the meaning of the name as the first element jukkas is of uncertain origin (but it coincides with the Finnish given name JUKKA)... [more]