Scandinavian Submitted Place Names

Scandinavian names are used in the Scandinavia region of northern Europe. For more specific lists, see Swedish names, Danish names and Norwegian names. See also about Scandinavian names.
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Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
ABCHAZIEN (Country) Swedish
Swedish form of ABKHAZIA.
ABISKO (Other) Swedish
From Northern Sami Ábeskovvu meaning "forest by the big water", from Sami áphi "lake, sea, big water" and skovvu, identical to Swedish skog "forest". The "big water" is probably Torneträsk... [more]
ABKASÍA (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of ABKHAZIA.
ABKASIA (Country) Faroese
Faroese form of ABKHAZIA.
ABKHASIA (Country) Aragonese, Norwegian
Aragonese and Norwegian form of ABKHAZIA.
ABKHASIEN (Country) Danish
Danish form of ABKHAZIA.
ÅBO (Settlement) Swedish
Possibly from Swedish å "river" and bo "home, dwelling" or "dweller, inhabitant". Other meanings are possible, like it being derived from the given name AABO... [more]
ABUJA (Settlement) Western African, Hausa, Igbo, Yoruba, Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Urdu
From Abu-Ja, a nickname of 19th-century monarch Abubakar Jatau (sometimes referred to as "Abu"), who founded what is now the city of Abuja in 1828. By some accounts, he was described as having fair skin, which possibly earned him the nickname Ja meaning "red" in Hausa... [more]
ACEH (Political Subdivision) Indonesian, Buginese, Malay, Minangkabau, Danish, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Acehnese Acèh, meaning uncertain. A popular backronym states that it is derived from Indonesian Arab, Cina, Eropa, Hindia meaning "Arab, China, Europe, Indies" referring to the groups and regions that have historically influenced the people of Aceh... [more]
ADYGEJA (Political Subdivision) Danish, German, Norwegian, Polish
Danish, German, Norwegian, and Polish form of ADYGEA.
AFRÍKA (Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of AFRICA.
AKADIEN (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Acadia.
AKARNANIEN (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Akarnania (see Acarnania).
AKERSHUS (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
The Norwegian fylke of Akershus is names after Akershus Fortress, meaning "the (fortified) house of (the district) Aker." Aker used to be a Norwegian municipality, but it is now an area in OSLO.... [more]
AKUREYRI (Settlement) Icelandic
Combination of Icelandic akur "field" and eyri "sandbank". Akureyri is a town in the north of Iceland.
ÅLAND (Island) Swedish
Either derived from Old Norse *Ahvaland meaning "land of water" (from ahva "water"), or from Finnish Ahvenanmaa "perch land" (from ahven "perch"). Åland is an autonomous archipelago province in the BALTIC SEA... [more]
ALBANÍA (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of ALBANIA.
ALGERIET (Country) Swedish, Danish
Swedish and Danish form of ALGERIA.
ALMATY (Settlement) Kazakh, Albanian, Belarusian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkmen, Ukrainian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from Kazakh алма (alma) meaning "apple". This is the name of the largest city in Kazakhstan.
ALOR SETAR (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Malay alor meaning "river, stream" and setar meaning "gandaria" (a type of fruit). This is the name of a city in Malaysia that serves as the capital of Kedah.
ALPENE (Mountain) Norwegian
Norwegian form of Alps.
ALPERNA (Mountain) Swedish
Swedish form of Alps.
ALPERNE (Mountain) Danish
Danish form of Alps.
ALSÍR (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of ALGERIA.
AMERIKAS FÖRENTA STATER (Country) Swedish
Formal Swedish name for the UNITED STATES of AMERICA. The country is usually referred to as USA or AMERIKA in everyday speech.
ANATOLIEN (Region) Danish, German, Luxembourgish, Swedish
Danish, German, Luxembourgish and Swedish form of ANATOLIA.
ANDALUSIEN (Political Subdivision) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Andalusia.
ANDORRA (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Catalan, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Greek, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
The name of the country of Andorra, whose name is possibly derived from a Basque word andurrial (“shrub-covered land”), but it may come from Arabic الدرا (“the forest”) or Spanish andar (“to walk”).
ÅNGERMANLAND (Region) Swedish
Derived from Old Norse anger "deep fjord". Ångermanland is a historical province in Northern Sweden.
AQUITANIEN (Region) Danish, German
Danish and German form of AQUITAINE.
ARABÍA (Political Subdivision & Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of ARABIA.
ARABIA (Political Subdivision & Region) Ancient Greek, Ancient Roman, Basque, English, Finnish, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish
Of Semitic origin, but the precise meaning is uncertain, as the root word has many possible meanings in the Semitic languages.... [more]
ARABIEN (Political Subdivision & Region) Danish, German, Luxembourgish, Swedish
Danish, German, Luxembourgish and Swedish form of ARABIA.
ÅRE (Settlement) Swedish
Meaning uncertain, but probably derived from Old West Norse *ár "peak, crest". Åre is a village and a popular ski resort in Jämtland, Sweden.
ARENDAL (Settlement) Norwegian
Combination of Old Norse ǫrn "eagle" and dalr "valley, dale". Arendal is a town and municipality in Southern Norway.
ARKADIEN (Political Subdivision & Region) Danish, German, Luxembourgish, Swedish
Danish, German, Luxembourgish and Swedish form of ARCADIA.
ARUBA (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
ÅS (Settlement) Swedish, Norwegian
Means "ridge, esker" in Swedish and Norwegian. This is the name of numerous places in Sweden and Norway.
ASÍA (Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of ASIA.
ASJCHABAD (Settlement) Swedish, Dutch, Frisian
Swedish, Dutch and Frisian form of ASHGABAT.
ASTANA (Settlement) Kazakh, Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hindi, Indonesian, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Means "capital city" in Kazakh, ultimately from Persian آستانه (âstâne). This was the name of the capital city of Kazakhstan, which was renamed Nur-Sultan in 2019.
ÁSTRALÍA (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of AUSTRALIA.
ASTURIEN (Political Subdivision) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of ASTURIAS.
ATEN (Settlement) Persian, Swedish
Persian and Swedish form of ATHENS.
AÞENA (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of ATHENS.
AUST-AGDER (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the Nynork word aust "east" and the place name agder. It means "the eastern part of Agder."... [more]
AUSTURRÍKI (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of AUSTRIA.
AUSTUR-TÍMOR (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of EAST TIMOR.
AYUTTHAYA (Country & Settlement) Thai, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Derived from Sanskrit अयुध्य (ayudhya) meaning "invincible, unconquerable". This was the name of a kingdom (as well as one of its capital cities) that reigned from 1350 to 1767, considered the precursor of modern Thailand.
AZERBAJDZJAN (Country) Swedish
Swedish form of AZERBAIJAN.
AZORENE (Political Subdivision & Region) Norwegian
Norwegian form of AZORES.
AZORERNA (Political Subdivision & Region) Swedish
Swedish form of AZORES.
AZORERNE (Political Subdivision & Region) Danish
Danish form of AZORES.
BAHRAIN (Country) Arabic, Catalan, Danish, English, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog
Means "two seas" in Arabic, derived from بَحْر (baḥr) meaning "sea" and ـَيْنِ (ayni), a pluralising suffix. In Arabic it is typically written with the definite article as البحرين (al-Bahrain)... [more]
BAKTRIEN (Political Subdivision & Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Bactria.
BAKU (Settlement) Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, English, Finnish, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Nepali, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uyghur
From Azerbaijani Bakı from Persian باکو (bâku), which is of uncertain meaning. One popular etymology suggests that it means "wind-pounded city" from Persian باد (bâd) meaning "wind" and کوبیدن (kubidan) meaning "to pound, to beat" (given in reference to the area's storms and high winds)... [more]
BAKÚ (Settlement) Asturian, Catalan, Galician, Icelandic, Spanish
Asturian, Catalan, Galician, Icelandic, and Spanish form of BAKU.
BALI (Political Subdivision & Island) Indonesian, Balinese, Acehnese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Kazakh, Latvian, Macedonian, Mongolian, Nepali, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
Derived from Sanskrit बलि (bali) meaning "offering, tribute". This is the name of an island and province in Indonesia.
BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Malay bandar meaning "town", seri meaning "radiance, splendour, glory", and begawan meaning "holy". The name comes from Seri Begawan, a Malay title used by Bruneian Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien III (1914-1986), which is ultimately derived from Sanskrit श्री भगवान् (śrī bhagvān) meaning "radiance of the gods"... [more]
BANDUNG (Settlement) Indonesian, Sundanese, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Malay, Minangkabau, Albanian, Armenian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Urdu, Uzbek
From Indonesian bendung or bendungan meaning "dam, dike", used to refer to the area in relation to the nearby Citarum River. Local sources also relate the name to the phrase Nga-Bandung-an Banda Indung, which is considered sacred in Sundanese culture... [more]
BANGKOK (Settlement) Thai, Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lao, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Uzbek
Believed to be derived from Thai บาง (baang) meaning "community, village, settlement" and กอก (gòk) meaning "olive", possibly used in reference to the olive trees that grew around the area... [more]
BANGLADESH (Country) Bengali, Armenian, Basque, Breton, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Swahili, Swedish, Uzbek
From Bengali বাংলাদেশ (Bangladeś) meaning "land of the Bengalis", from the name of the Bengali people and Sanskrit देश (deśá) meaning "country, kingdom, land, state"... [more]
BANGSAMORO (Political Subdivision) Filipino, Maguindanao, Maranao, Cebuano, Ilocano, Tagalog, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Korean, Malay, Portuguese, Serbian, Turkish
From Malay bangsa meaning "nation, country, race" combined with Moro, the collective term for the thirteen predominantly Muslim ethnic groups of the Philippines, which is ultimately of Spanish origin... [more]
BANTEN (Political Subdivision) Indonesian, Sundanese, Acehnese, Balinese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
Meaning uncertain. It may be derived from the Sundanese and Bantenese phrase katiban inten meaning "struck down by diamonds", which was used to describe the spead of Islam in the region in the 15th century... [more]
BAREIN (Country) Burmese, Icelandic, Korean
Burmese, Icelandic, and Korean form of BAHRAIN.
BASJKORTOSTAN (Political Subdivision) Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Norwegian, Swedish
Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Norwegian and Swedish form of BASHKORTOSTAN.
BELGÍA (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of BELGIUM.
BERGEN (Settlement) Dutch, Norwegian, German
Newer form of Bjǫrgvin, a combination of Old Norse bjarg "mountain" and vin "meadow". This is the 2nd largest city in Norway.
BHUTAN (Country) English, Bengali, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Nepali, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Urdu
Probably from བོད (bod), the Tibetan name for the region of Tibet, derived from Sanskrit भोट-अन्त (bhoṭa-anta) meaning "end of Tibet" (referring to the country's geographical location in southern extremity of the Tibetan plateau)... [more]
BISALTIEN (Region) Swedish
Swedish form of Bisaltia.
BISJKEK (Settlement) Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Norwegian, Swedish
Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Norwegian and Swedish form of BISHKEK.
BOGOR (Settlement) Indonesian, Sundanese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Afrikaans, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Uzbek
Means "sugar palm" (a type of tree) in Indonesian. This is the name of a city in West Java province, Indonesia.
BOIOTIEN (Political Subdivision & Region) Danish, Swedish
Danish and Swedish form of Boiotia (see Boeotia).
BONAIRE (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is a special municipality of the Netherlands.
BRASILÍA (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of BRAZIL.
BRETLAND (Country) Icelandic, Faroese, Medieval English
Icelandic, Faroese and Old English form of BRITAIN (see also: UNITED KINGDOM).
BRO (Settlement) Swedish
Means "bridge" in Swedish. This is the name of many localities and parishes in Sweden. It's also a common place name element (see ÖREBRO).
BRUNEI (Country) Malay, Albanian, Basque, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Luxembourgish, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian
Probably derived from the name of the island of Borneo, which in turn is most likely from Sanskrit वरुण (váruṇa) meaning "ocean, water". A local legend suggests that the name may be derived from the phrase baru nah meaning "there!" or "that's it!", which was supposedly declared by Muhammad Shah, Brunei's first sultan... [more]
BRUSSEL (Settlement) Dutch, Afrikaans, Icelandic, Norwegian
Dutch, Afrikaans, Icelandic and Norwegian form of Brussels.
BRUXELLES (Settlement) French, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Italian, Romanian
French form of Brussels, which some countries have adopted as their name for the Belgian city.
BRYSSEL (Settlement) Finnish, Swedish
Finnish and Swedish form of Brussels.
BUKITTINGGI (Settlement) Indonesian, Minangkabau, Javanese, Malay, Afrikaans, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Means "tall hill" from Indonesian bukit meaning "hill" and tinggi meaning "high, tall". This is the name of a city in West Sumatra province, Indonesia.
BÚLGARÍA (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of BULGARIA.
BURJATIA (Political Subdivision) Danish, Finnish, Norwegian
Danish, Finnish, and Norwegian form of BURYATIA.
BURJATIEN (Political Subdivision) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of BURYATIA.
BÚRMA (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of BURMA.
BURUNDI (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Breton, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
The name of the Country in East Africa. Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi, is a landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region of East Africa, bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.
BUSAN (Settlement) Korean, Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Sino-Korean 釜山 (Busan) meaning "cauldron mountain" from 釜 (bu) meaning "cauldron, pot, kettle" and 山 (san) meaning "mountain". This is the name of a city in South Korea.
BUSKERUD (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
Named after an old manor of the same name. (Biskupsruð) It derives from the Old Norse biskup (bishop) and ruð (clearing, farm.) The biskup part referring in particular to the Bishop of the ancient Catholic diocese of Hamar.... [more]
CALIFORNIA (Political Subdivision) Spanish, English, Asturian, Estonian, Galician, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Tagalog
From the name of a fictional utopian island featured in the 16th-century novel Las sergas de Esplandián by Spanish author Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo. The name comes from the island's queen, Calafia (or Califia), whose name is derived from Arabic خَلِيفَة (ḵalīfa) meaning "caliph"... [more]
CAMBODJA (Country) Catalan, Danish, Dutch
Catalan, Danish, and Dutch form of CAMBODIA.
CARIBIEN (Region) Danish
Danish form of CARIBBEAN.
CASABLANCA (Settlement) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
Means "white house" in Spanish, from casa meaning "house" and blanca meaning "white". The name originates from a Spanish translation of the Arabic name الدَّار الْبَيْضَاء (ad-Dār al-Bayḍāʾ), which in turn was derived from a calque of the Portuguese name Casa Branca... [more]
CEBU (Political Subdivision, Settlement & Island) Filipino, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Afrikaans, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Swedish, Turkish
From Cebuano Sugbo, which is derived from Old Cebuano sibu or sibo meaning "trade", itself a shortened form of sinibuayng hingpit meaning "place for trading". This is the name of an island, province, and city (Cebu City) in the Philippines.
CHILE (Country) Czech, Danish, English, Finnish, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish
From the name of the country in South America.... [more]
CHONGQING (Settlement) Chinese, Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Chinese 重 (chóng) meaning "to double, to duplicate" and 庆 (qìng) meaning "celebration, to celebrate". This is the name of a city in China.
CISKAUKASIEN (Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of CISCAUCASIA.
COLOMBO (Settlement) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
Probably from old Sinhalese kolamba meaning "ferry" or "port". It is popularly believed to be derived from Sinhalese කොලොන් තොට (kolon toṭa) meaning "port on the river Kelani" or කොල අඹ (kola am̆ba) meaning "leafy mango grove", altered with influence from the name of Italian explorer Christopher Columbus or Latin columba meaning "dove"... [more]
COMORERNE (Country) Danish
Danish form of COMOROS.
COSTA RICA (Country) Spanish, Afrikaans, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish
The name of the Country in Central America. Costa Rica is a rugged, rainforested Central American country with coastlines on the Caribbean and Pacific. Though its capital, San Jose, is home to cultural institutions like the Pre-Columbian Gold Museum, Costa Rica is known for its beaches, volcanoes, and biodiversity... [more]
COTABATO (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Maguindanao Kutawatu meaning "stone city", from kuta meaning "city, fort" and wato meaning "stone, rock". This is the name of both a province and a city in the southern Philippines.
CURAÇAO (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Basque, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Turkish
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
DAGESTAN (Political Subdivision) Russian, Afrikaans, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog
Derived from Turkish dağ meaning "mountain" and the Persian suffix -ستان (-stan) meaning "land of". This is the name of a federal subject of Russia.
DARDANIEN (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Dardania.
DENPASAR (Settlement) Indonesian, Acehnese, Javanese, Minangkabau, Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Czech, Dutch, Danish, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
From Balinese ᬤᬾᬦ᭄ᬧᬲᬃ (dénpasar) derived from den meaning "north" and pasar meaning "market". This is the name of a city in Indonesia and the capital of Bali.
DHAKA (Settlement) Bengali, Afrikaans, Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Luxembourgish, Malay, Nepali, Norwegian, Polish, Swedish, Tagalog, Urdu
Uncertain, possibly from the name of the dhak tree (scientific name Butea monosperma), which used to grow in the area, from Bengali ঢাক (ḍhak) referring to a traditional membranophone instrument, or from the name of the Hindu goddess Dhakeshwari... [more]
DJAKARTA (Settlement) Dutch (Archaic), Afrikaans, Icelandic
Archaic Dutch form of JAKARTA as well as the modern Afrikaans and Icelandic form of the name. The modern Dutch form is written exactly the same as the English form.
DJÍBÚTÍ (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of DJIBOUTI.
DNJESTR (River) Dutch, Icelandic, Danish, German, Norwegian, Swedish
Dutch and Icelandic form of DNIESTER as well as a Danish, German, Norwegian and Swedish alternative name for the river.
DOMINICA (Country & Island) Afrikaans, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish
Derived from Latin dominica meaning "lordly" or "Sunday", named by explorer Christopher Columbus for his sighting of the island on a Sunday. This is the name of an island country in the Caribbean.
DUSJANBE (Settlement) Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, Papiamento
Scandinavian and Papiamento form of DUSHANBE.
EFRAT (River) Bulgarian, Icelandic
Bulgarian and Icelandic form of EUPHRATES.
EGYPTALAND (Country) Icelandic, Faroese
Icelandic and Faroese form of EGYPT.
EGYPTEN (Country) Swedish, Danish
Swedish and Danish form of EGYPT.
EISTLAND (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of ESTONIA.
EKVATORIALGUINEA (Country) Swedish
Swedish form of Equatorial Guinea.
ELFENBENSKUSTEN (Country) Swedish
Swedish form of CÔTE D'IVOIRE.
ERMLAND (Region) Afrikaans, Dutch, German, Norwegian, Swedish
The name used for Warmia in the West and North Germanic languages.
ESBO (Settlement) Swedish
Swedish name for ESPOO.
ESKILSTUNA (Settlement) Swedish
Combination of the Swedish name ESKIL and Swedish tun (from Old Norse tún) meaning "enclosure, fence, homestead, courtyard, plot"... [more]
EÞÍÓPÍA (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of ETHIOPIA.
ETRURIEN (Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of ETRURIA.
EVRÓPA (Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Europa (see EUROPE).
EYJAFJALLAJÖKULL (Other) Icelandic
Means "island mountain glacier". From Icelandic eyja "island", fjall "mountain", and jökull "glacier". Eyjafjallajökull is a glacier and volcano in Iceland whose eruptions in 2010 caused a great air travel disruption in Europe.
FÆREYJAR (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic cognate of FØROYAR.
FÆRØERNE (Country) Danish
Danish cognate of FØROYAR.
FALKLANDSÖARNA (Island) Swedish
Swedish form of The FALKLAND ISLANDS.
FÄRÖARNA (Country) Swedish
Swedish cognate of FØROYAR.
FÍDJÍEYJAR (Country) Icelandic
Combination of Fidji "Fiji" and eyjar "islands". This is the Icelandic name for FIJI.
FÍLABEINSSTRÖNDIN (Country) Icelandic
Combination of Icelandic fílabein "ivory" and strönd "coast", making this an Icelandic calque of CÔTE D'IVOIRE.
FILIPPINENE (Country) Norwegian
Norwegian form of PHILIPPINES.
FILIPPINERNA (Country) Swedish
Swedish form of The PHILIPPINES.
FILIPPSEYJAR (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of the PHILIPPINES.
FILIPSOYGGJAR (Country) Faroese
Faroese form of PHILIPPINES.
FINNMARK (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the Old Norse finn(ar) (the Old Norse same of the Sami), and mǫrk meaning "woodland, borderland, or march/mark."... [more]
FLORIDA (Political Subdivision) Spanish, English, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kurdish, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Uzbek
Means "flowery, ornate" in Spanish, a short form of either la Florida meaning "the flowery one" or Pascua Florida meaning "flowery Easter" (a Spanish name for Palm Sunday, so named because the region was discovered by Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León on that day in 1513)... [more]
FØROYAR (Country) Faroese
Probably derived from Old Norse fær "sheep" and oyer, an archaic Faroese word meaning "islands".
FRAKKLAND (Country) Icelandic, Ancient Scandinavian
Ultimately from Old Norse frakkar "Franks" and land "land". This is the Icelandic and Old Norse form of FRANCE.
GABON (Country) Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Turkish
Derived from Portuguese gabão meaning "cloak, overcoat", used to refer to the shape of the estuary of the Komo River by Libreville. This is the name of a country in Central Africa along the Atlantic coast.
GALICIEN (Political Subdivision) Danish, German, Luxembourgish, Swedish
Danish, German, Luxembourgish and Swedish form of Galicia.
GALILÆA (Region) Danish
Danish form of GALILEE.
GALÍLEA (Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of GALILEE.
GALILEEN (Region) Swedish
Swedish form of GALILEE.
GALLIA (Region & Country) Ancient Roman, Estonian, Finnish, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian
Ancient Roman name for the historical region of GAUL, which some modern countries have adopted as their name for that region.... [more]
GAMBÍA (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of GAMBIA.
GANGES (River) Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Icelandic, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Ancient Greek Γάγγης (Gángēs) from Sanskrit गङ्गा (gáṅgā) meaning "swift-goer", ultimately from गच्छति (gacchati) meaning "to go". This is the name of a river in South Asia that flows through India and Bangladesh.
GÍNEA (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of GUINEA.
GÍNEA-BISSÁ (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Guinea-Bissau.
GÖTALAND (Region) Swedish
Means "land of the Geats". The Geats (sometimes referred to as Goths) were a North Germanic tribe inhabiting southern Sweden. Götaland is one of three lands of Sweden, the others being SVEALAND and NORRLAND.
GÖTEBORG (Settlement) Swedish
Combination of Swedish Göte "Geat" and borg "castle, fortress". The Geats (sometimes referred to as Goths) were a North Germanic tribe inhabiting present-day GÖTALAND in Sweden.
GOTLAND (Island) Swedish
Named after a North Germanic tribe, the Gutes (Old Norse gotar).
GRÆNHÖFÐAEYJAR (Country) Icelandic
Combination of Icelandic grænn "green", höfði "headland, promontory", and eyjur "islands". This is the Icelandic name for CAPE VERDE.
GRAN CANARIA (Island) Spanish, English, Esperanto, Dutch, Welsh, Breton, Asturian, Aragonese, German, Estonian, Faroese, Galician, Croatian, Italian, Hungarian, Norwegian, Serbo-Croatian, Finnish, Swedish, Turkish, Icelandic, Czech, Polish, Romanian, Scots, Slovene
From Spanish gran "grande, great" and Canaria referring to the CANARY ISLANDS. Gran Canaria is the third largest and second most populous island of the Canary Islands.
GREKLAND (Country) Swedish
Swedish form of GREECE.
GRENADA (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Uzbek
Probably from Granada, the name of a city in Andalusia, Spain, which is derived from Arabic غَرْنَاطَة‎ (ḡarnāṭa) possibly meaning "hill of strangers". This is the name of an island country in the Caribbean.
GRIKKLAND (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of GREECE.
GRÖNLAND (Political Subdivision) German, Hungarian, Swedish, Turkish
Form of GREENLAND.
GRØNLAND (Country) Danish, Norwegian, Faroese
Cognate of GRŒNLAND.
GROZNYJ (Settlement) Norwegian, Slovak, Swedish
Norwegian, Slovak, and Swedish form of GROZNY.
GUAM (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
The name of the Territory. Guam is a U.S. island territory in Micronesia, in the Western Pacific. It's distinguished by tropical beaches, Chamorro villages and ancient latte-stone pillars. Guam’s WWII significance is on view at the War in the Pacific National Historical Park, whose sites include Asan Beach, a former battlefield... [more]
GVAM (Political Subdivision & Island) Icelandic, Serbian, Slovene
Icelandic, Serbian and Slovenian form of GUAM.
HAFNARFJÖRÐUR (Settlement) Icelandic
Combination of Icelandic höfn "harbour, port" and fjörður "fjord". Hafnarfjörður is the third largest city in Iceland.
HÄLSINGLAND (Region) Swedish
Hälsingland is a province in central Sweden meaning "land of the Hälsings". Hälsing is believed to be a combination of Swedish hals "throat, neck" and inge "dweller". The hals-part is probably not referring to the anatomical part, but rather to a narrow strait of water.
HANOI (Settlement) Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Kurdish, Lao, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish
From Vietnamese Hà Nội, which is from Sino-Vietnamese 河內 (Hà Nội). The name is derived from Chinese 河內 (Hénèi) meaning "inside the river", from 河 (hé) meaning "river" and 內 (nèi) meaning "inside, interior", so named because of the area's location within the Red River... [more]
HAVANA (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Czech, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Georgian, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu
From Spanish Habana, which is derived from Habaguanex, the name of a Taíno chief who controlled the area. This is the name of the capital city of Cuba.
HEDMARK (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the Old Norse Heiðmǫrk. That's from heiðnir the name of an old Germanic tribe (related to heið meaning moorland) and mǫrk meaning "woodland, borderland, or march/mark."... [more]
HELLAS (Country) Norwegian, English (Rare), Czech (Rare)
From Ancient Greek Ἑλλάς (Hellás) "Greece". This is the Norwegian name for GREECE, used since 1932. It was previously called Grekenland (compare Grekland, Griekeland)... [more]
HELSINGBORG (Settlement) Swedish
Helsingborg is a city in SCANIA, Sweden. The name is a combination of hals "neck, narrow strait" and borg "castle, fortification". There has been a permanent settlement around Helsingborg since 1085, making it one of Sweden's oldest cities.
HELSINGFORS (Settlement) Swedish
Swedish form of HELSINKI, meaning "the Helsinge rapids".
HELSINGØR (Settlement) Danish, Norwegian
Danish city founded in the 1420s. The name is derived from the word hals meaning "neck, narrow strait". William Shakespeare's 'Hamlet' is set in ELSINORE (Kronborg), a castle in Helsingør.
HJÄLMAREN (Body of Water) Swedish
Derived from Old Swedish *iælmber "noise, rumble". Hjälmaren is the 4th largest lake in Sweden.
HORDALAND (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the Old Norse hǫrðar, meaning (and old Germanic tribe) and lǫnd meaning "lands."... [more]
HUDDINGE (Settlement) Swedish
Newer form of Uddunge (first mentioned as Wddunge in 1314) meaning "those who live by the headland". Huddinge is a part of Stockholm urban area.
HVÍTA-RÚSSLAND (Country) Icelandic
Means "white Russia", an Icelandic calque of BELARUS.
HYRKANIEN (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Hyrcania.
INDLAND (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of INDIA.
INDÓNESÍA (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of INDONESIA.
INGERMANLAND (Region) Swedish, Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, German, Norwegian
Swedish form of Ingria, which some countries have adopted as their name for the historical region in northeastern Europe.
IPOH (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Bulgarian, Czech, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Malay ipuh meaning "upas (a type of poisonous tree)". This is the name of a city in Malaysia that serves as the capital of the state of Perak.
ÍRAK (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of IRAQ.
ÍRAN (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of IRAN.
ÍSAFJÖRÐUR (Settlement) Icelandic
Means "ice fjord" from Icelandic ís meaning "ice" and fjörður meaning "fjord". This is the name of a town in Iceland.
ISLAMABAD (Settlement) Afrikaans, Armenian, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Ukrainian, Uyghur
From Urdu اسلام آباد (Islām ābād) meaning "city of Islam" from the name of the religion of Islam and Urdu آباد (ābād) meaning "inhabited place, city". This is the name of the capital city of Pakistan.
ÍSRAEL (Country) Icelandic, Faroese
Icelandic and Faroese form of ISRAEL.
ISTANBUL (Settlement) Arabic, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
From Turkish İstanbul, which comes from a misinterpretation of the Medieval Greek phrase εἰς τὴν Πόλιν (eis tḗn pólin) meaning "to the City", a colloquial name for the city of Constantinople (reflecting its status as the only major city in the vicinity)... [more]
ÍTALÍA (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of ITALY.
JAKARTA (Settlement) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Arabic, Armenian, Bengali, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Mongolian, Persian, Romanian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkmen, Urdu, Uzbek
From Sanskrit जयकर्त (jayakarta) meaning "that which causes victory", from जय (jayá) meaning "victory, triumph" combined with कृत (kṛtá) meaning "done, made, accomplished"... [more]
JAMAICA (Country & Island) Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Hungarian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish
From Taíno Xaymaca meaning "land of wood and water" or "land of springs". This is the name of an island country in the Caribbean.
JAVA (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Mongolian, Nepali, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik
From Indonesian Jawa, which is of uncertain origin. It is most likely derived from Sanskrit यव-द्वीप (yava-dvīpa) meaning "island of barley", though it may have come from Javanese ꦗꦸꦮꦮꦸꦠ꧀ (juwawut) meaning "foxtail millet (a type of plant)" or Malay jauh meaning "far, distant"... [more]
JERÚSALEM (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of JERUSALEM.
JOHOR (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Javanese, Minangkabau, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Arabic جَوْهَر (jawhar) meaning "jewel, precious stone", ultimately from Persian جوهر (jowhar). This is the name of a state in southern Malaysia.
JOHOR BAHRU (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Javanese, Minangkabau, Czech, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Tagalog, Turkish
Means "new gem" from Arabic جَوْهَر‎ (jawhar) meaning "jewel, precious stone, gem" and Malay bahru meaning "new". This is the name of a city in Malaysia.
JOLO (Settlement & Island) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Azerbaijani, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Swedish
Probably from Hokkien 好儂 (hó lâng) meaning "good people", named by Chinese traders to reflect how they perceived the native people of the region. This is the name of an island in the southern Philippines as well as the capital city of the province of Sulu.
JÓRDANÍA (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of JORDAN.
JÓRVÍK (Settlement) Ancient Scandinavian, Icelandic
Icelandic and Old Norse form of YORK. It is believed to be derived from Old English Eoforwic, itself believed to be derived from Latin Eboracum possibly meaning "place of the yew trees".
JUDÆA (Region) Danish
Danish form of Iudaea (see JUDEA).
JUDEEN (Region) Swedish
Swedish form of Iudaea (see JUDEA).
JUKKASJÄRVI (Settlement) Swedish, Finnish
Originally from Northern Sami Čohkkirasjávri meaning "lake of assembly". It was later changed to the much more Finnish-sounding name Jukkasjärvi. This probably changed the meaning of the name as the first element jukkas is of uncertain origin (but it coincides with the Finnish given name JUKKA)... [more]
KABÚL (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of KABUL.
KABUL (Settlement) Arabic, Armenian, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Ukrainian
From Pashto کابل (Kâbël) which may have been derived from Kambuja or Kamboja, the name of an ancient Indo-Iranian tribe and kingdom. The name is of uncertain meaning, possibly from Sanskrit काम (kā́ma) meaning "wish, desire, longing" and भुज् (bhuj) meaning "use, possess, rule"... [more]
KÁKASUS (Region & Mountain) Icelandic
Icelandic form of CAUCASUS.
KALABRIEN (Region) German, Luxembourgish, Swedish
German, Luxembourgish and Swedish form of Calabria.
KALEDONIEN (Region) Swedish
Swedish form of Caledonia.
KALIFORNIEN (Political Subdivision) Danish (Archaic), German, Luxembourgish, Swedish
Archaic Danish form of CALIFORNIA as well as the modern German, Luxembourgish and Swedish form of the name. The modern Danish form is Californien.
KALIMANTAN (Political Subdivision, Island & Region) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Buginese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Czech, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Icelandic, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Means "burning weather (island)" from Sanskrit काल (kālá) meaning "time, season" and क्वथन (kvathana) meaning "boiling, churning". This is the name of the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo, though it is used to refer to the entire island in Indonesian... [more]
KAMBÓDÍA (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of CAMBODIA.
KANARIEÖARNA (Island) Swedish
Swedish form of The CANARY ISLANDS.
KANTABRIEN (Political Subdivision) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of CANTABRIA.
KAP VERDE (Country & Island) Danish, Finnish, German, Swedish
Danish, Finnish, German and Swedish form of CAPE VERDE.
KARAGANDA (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Indonesian, Italian, Lithuanian, Norwegian, Polish, Russian
From Kazakh Қарағанды (Qaraghandy), which is derived from қараған (qaraghan) meaning "caragana (a type of flower)". This is the name of a city in Kazakhstan.
KARAKALPAKSTAN (Political Subdivision) Belarusian, Bulgarian, English, Indonesian, Italian, Kyrgyz, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Swedish, Tatar, Ukrainian
From Karakalpak Қарақалпақстан (Qaraqalpaqstan), a combination of the name of the Karakalpak people and the Persian suffix -ستان (-stan) meaning "land of". The ethnic name is derived from Karakalpak қара (qara) meaning "black" and қалпақ (qalpaq) referring to a high-crowned cap worn in Central Asia... [more]
KARANTANIEN (Country) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of CARANTANIA.
KARELIA (Political Subdivision & Region) Armenian, English, Georgian, Indonesian, Malay, Polish, Norwegian, Tagalog
From Russian Карелия (Kareliya), which is from Karelian and Finnish Karjala derived from Finnish karja meaning "cattle, livestock" combined with the suffix -la denoting location... [more]
KARIBIA (Region) Finnish, Indonesian, Norwegian
Finnish, Indonesian, and Norwegian form of CARIBBEAN.
KARIBIEN (Region) Norwegian, Swedish
Norwegian and Swedish form of CARIBBEAN. This is a variant in both countries: their standard name for the region is KARIBIA and Västindien respectively.
KARLSHAMN (Settlement) Swedish
Means "KARL's port" in Swedish. It was named after Swedish king Karl X Gustav. ... [more]
KARLSKRONA (Settlement) Swedish
Means "KARL's crown" in Swedish. It was named after Swedish king Karl XI. ... [more]
KARLSTAD (Settlement) Swedish
Means "KARL's town" in Swedish. It was named after the Swedish king Karl IX who founded the town in 1584. ... [more]
KARPATENE (Mountain) Norwegian
Norwegian form of CARPATHIANS.
KARPATERNA (Mountain) Swedish
Swedish form of CARPATHIANS.
KARPATERNE (Mountain) Danish
Danish form of CARPATHIANS.
KARTAGO (Settlement) Afrikaans, Indonesian, Norwegian
Afrikaans, Indonesian and Norwegian form of Carthage.
KARÞAGÓ (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Carthage.
KASAKHSTAN (Country) Danish, Norwegian, Eastern African, Somali
Danish, Norwegian, and Somali form of KAZAKHSTAN.
KASAKSTAN (Country) Afrikaans, Icelandic, Faroese
Afrikaans, Icelandic and Faroese form of KAZAKHSTAN.
KASHIWA (Settlement) Japanese, Arabic, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Malay, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Urdu
From Japanese 柏 (kashiwa) meaning "oak". This is the name of a city in Chiba Prefecture, Japan.
KASTILIEN (Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of CASTILE.
KATALÓNÍA (Political Subdivision & Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of CATALONIA.
KATALONIEN (Political Subdivision) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of CATALONIA.
KATMANDÚ (Settlement) Asturian, Catalan, Galician, Icelandic, Spanish
Asturian, Catalan, Galician, Icelandic, and Spanish form of KATHMANDU.
KATRINEHOLM (Settlement) Swedish
Swedish city located in SÖDERMANLAND. It was originally the name of a ducal residence located in the area. The residence was named after the owner's wife CATHARINA.
KAUKASIA (Region) Finnish, Norwegian
Finnish and Norwegian form of Caucasia, which is an alternative name for the CAUCASUS geographical region.
KAUKASIEN (Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Caucasia, which is an alternative name for the CAUCASUS geographical region.
KAZAN (Settlement) Tatar, Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Buryat, Chechen, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Hindi, Indonesian, Ingush, Japanese, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lezgin, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Romanian, Russian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Yakut
Probably from Turkic qazan meaning "kettle, cauldron". This is the name of the capital city of Tatarstan.
KAZBEK (Mountain) Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Russian Казбек (Kazbek) which is from Arabic قَاضِي (qāḍī) meaning "judge, arbiter" combined with the Turkish military title beg meaning "chieftain, master"... [more]
KEBNEKAISE (Mountain) Swedish
Derived from Lule Sami giebnne "cauldron" and gájsse "elevated and pointy crest". Kebnekaise is the highest mountain in Sweden.
KEDAH (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Azerbaijani, Bengali, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Arabic قتح‎ (qataḥa), which is derived from the Tamil name கடாரம் (kadāram) possibly meaning "boiler, stockpot, cauldron". This is the name of a Malaysian state.
KEKENIA (Political Subdivision) Faroese
Faroese form of CHECHNYA.
KELANTAN (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Javanese, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from Malay gelam hutam referring to the cajeput tree, kilatan meaning "lightning, flash", or kolam tanah meaning "dirt pool". Alternatively, it may be from கோலம் (kōlam) the Tamil name for rangoli, an art form from the Indian subcontinent... [more]
KÍNA (Country) Icelandic, Hungarian
Icelandic and Hungarian form of CHINA.
KIRGISIEN (Country) Danish, German (Rare)
Danish and German form of KYRGYZSTAN via its Russian name KIRGIZIYA. This is an alternative name for the country; the standard name in both Denmark and Germany is KIRGISISTAN.
KIRGIZISTAN (Country) Basque, Slovene, Swedish
Basque, Slovenian and Swedish form of KYRGYZSTAN.
KIRUNA (Settlement) Swedish
From the name of the mountain Kiirunavaara, composed of Finnish kiiruna "ptarmigan" and vaara "large forested hill" (from Northern Sami várri "mountain"). Kiruna is the northernmost town in Sweden known for the Kiruna Mine, the largest and most modern underground iron ore mine in the world, and Esrange Space Center, a rocket range and research centre.
KØBENHAVN (Settlement) Danish
Newer form of Køpmannæhafn, meaning "merchants' harbour".
KOMI (Political Subdivision) Komi, Russian, Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From the name of the Komi people, which is most likely derived from the Finno-Ugric word kojema meaning "man, human", but also possibly from the name of the Kama River... [more]
KOMODO (Settlement & Island) Indonesian, Javanese, Malay, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Lithuanian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Ukrainian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from the name of a local ethnic group. This is the name of an island and village in eastern Indonesia.
KOMORENE (Country) Norwegian
Norwegian form of COMOROS.
KOMORERNA (Country & Island) Swedish
Swedish form of COMOROS.
KÓPAVOGUR (Settlement) Icelandic
Combination of Icelandic kópur "seal" and vogur "bay". Kópavogur is the second largest city in Iceland.
KÖPENHAMN (Other) Swedish
Swedish for Copenhagen, Denmark's capital city.
KORINT (Settlement) Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Norwegian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene
Form of Corinthus (see CORINTH).
KORINTH (Settlement) Danish, German, Swedish, Turkish
Danish, German, Swedish and Turkish form of Corinthus (see CORINTH).
KÓRINÞA (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Corinthus (see CORINTH).
KOSOVO (Country) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Indonesian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Ukrainian
From Albanian Kosova or Kosovë, which is derived from Serbian кос (kos) meaning "blackbird", an ellipsis of Косово Поље (Kosovo Polje) meaning "blackbird field"... [more]
KOTA BHARU (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Means "new city" in Malay, from kota meaning "city, town, fort" and baharu meaning "new". This is the name of a city in Malaysia that serves as the capital of Kelantan.
KRABI (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Arabic, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Urdu
Means "sword" in Thai. This is the name of a province and city in southern Thailand.
KRESTONIEN (Region) Swedish
Swedish form of Crestonia.
KRIM (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, German, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Norwegian, Serbian, Swedish
Form of CRIMEA.
KRISTIANSTAD (Settlement) Swedish
Swedish city founded in 1614, named after the Danish king KRISTIAN IV. The city is located in SKÅNE which belonged to Denmark until 1658.
KRISTINEHAMN (Settlement) Swedish
Named after Swedish queen KRISTINA (1626-1689). The town was previously named BRO. ... [more]
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