Scandinavian Submitted Place Names

Scandinavian names are used in the Scandinavia region of northern Europe. For more specific lists, see Swedish names, Danish names and Norwegian names. See also about Scandinavian names.
type
usage
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
Å (Settlement) Swedish, Norwegian
Taken directly from Swedish and Norwegian å meaning "stream, creek, small river". This is the name of several villages in Sweden and Norway.
Aachen (Settlement) English, Danish, Finnish, German, Greek, Hungarian, Norwegian, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Turkish
From Old High German aha or its Latin counterpart aquae, referring to the sacred springs associated with Granus, a Celtic god, from which the Latin form Aquisgranum derives. This is the name of a city in western Germany.
Aalborg (Settlement) Danish
Ultimately derived from Old Norse áll "river, stream" and borg "fortress, castle". This is the name of the fourth largest city in Denmark.
Aarhus (Settlement) Danish
From Old Danish Árós meaning "river mouth", ultimately derived from Old Norse á "river" and óss "mouth (of a river)". Aarhus is the second largest city in Denmark.
Abchazien (Country) Swedish
Swedish form of Abkhazia.
Abisko (Other) Swedish
From Northern Sami Ábeskovvu meaning "forest by the big water", from Sami áphi "lake, sea, big water" and skovvu, identical to Swedish skog "forest". The "big water" is probably Torneträsk... [more]
Abkasía (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Abkhazia.
Abkasia (Country) Faroese
Faroese form of Abkhazia.
Abkhasia (Country) Aragonese, Norwegian
Aragonese and Norwegian form of Abkhazia.
Abkhasien (Country) Danish
Danish form of Abkhazia.
Åbo (Settlement) Swedish
Possibly from Swedish å "river" and bo "home, dwelling" or "dweller, inhabitant". Other meanings are possible, like it being derived from the given name Aabo... [more]
Addis Ababa (Settlement) English, Danish, Turkish
From Amharic አዲስ አበባ (ʾädis ʾäbäba), meaning "new flower". This is the name of the capital city of Ethiopia.
Adygeja (Political Subdivision) Danish, German, Norwegian, Polish
Danish, German, Norwegian, and Polish form of Adygea.
Afríka (Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Africa.
Akadien (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Acadia.
Akarnanien (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Akarnania (see Acarnania).
Akershus (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the name of Akershus Fortress, composed of Aker (from Old West Norse akr "acre, field") and hús "house, castle, fortress". Aker used to be a Norwegian municipality, but it is now an area in Oslo... [more]
Akureyri (Settlement) Icelandic
Combination of Icelandic akur "field" and eyri "sandbank". Akureyri is a town in the north of Iceland.
Åland (Island) Swedish
Either derived from Old Norse *Ahvaland meaning "land of water" (from ahva "water"), or from Finnish Ahvenanmaa "perch land" (from ahven "perch"). Åland is an autonomous archipelago province in the Baltic Sea... [more]
Albanía (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Albania.
Ålborg (Settlement) Danish, Swedish
Danish alternative form of Aalborg as well as the Swedish form.
Algeirsborg (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form for Algiers.
Algeriet (Country) Swedish, Danish
Swedish and Danish form of Algeria.
Alpene (Mountain) Norwegian
Norwegian form of Alps.
Alperna (Mountain) Swedish
Swedish form of Alps.
Alperne (Mountain) Danish
Danish form of Alps.
Alsír (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Algeria.
Amerikas förenta stater (Country) Swedish
Formal Swedish name for the United States of America. The country is usually referred to as USA or Amerika in everyday speech.
Anatolien (Region) Danish, German, Luxembourgish, Swedish
Danish, German, Luxembourgish and Swedish form of Anatolia.
Andalusien (Political Subdivision) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Andalusia.
Andorra (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Catalan, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Greek, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
The name of the country of Andorra, whose name is possibly derived from a Basque word andurrial (“shrub-covered land”), but it may come from Arabic الدرا (“the forest”) or Spanish andar (“to walk”).
Ångermanälven (River) Swedish
Combination of Old Norse anger "deep fjord" and the definite form of Swedish älv "river". The river runs through the province Ångermanland from where it got its name.
Ångermanland (Region) Swedish
Derived from Old Norse anger "deep fjord". Ångermanland is a historical province in Northern Sweden.
Angóla (Country) Icelandic, Irish
Icelandic and Irish form of Angola.
Aquitanien (Region) Danish, German
Danish and German form of Aquitaine.
Arabía (Political Subdivision & Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Arabia.
Arabia (Political Subdivision & Region) Ancient Greek, Ancient Roman, Basque, English, Finnish, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish
Of Semitic origin, but the precise meaning is uncertain, as the root word has many possible meanings in the Semitic languages.... [more]
Arabien (Political Subdivision & Region) Danish, German, Luxembourgish, Swedish
Danish, German, Luxembourgish and Swedish form of Arabia.
Åre (Settlement) Swedish
Meaning uncertain, but probably derived from Old West Norse *ár "peak, crest". Åre is a village and a popular ski resort in Jämtland, Sweden.
Arendal (Settlement) Norwegian
Combination of Old Norse ǫrn "eagle" and dalr "valley, dale". Arendal is a town and municipality in Southern Norway.
Århus (Settlement) Danish, Swedish
Danish alternative form of Aarhus, as well as the Swedish form.
Arkadien (Political Subdivision & Region) Danish, German, Luxembourgish, Swedish
Danish, German, Luxembourgish and Swedish form of Arcadia.
Armenía (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Armenia.
Aruba (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Arvidsjaur (Settlement) Swedish
From Ume Sami Árviesjávrrie, composed of árvies "rich, abundant, fruitful" and jávrrie "lake".
Ås (Settlement) Swedish, Norwegian
Means "ridge, esker" in Swedish and Norwegian. This is the name of numerous places in Sweden and Norway.
Aserbaídsjan (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Azerbaijan
Aserbajdsjan (Country) Danish, Norwegian
Danish and Norwegian form of Azerbaijan.
Asía (Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Asia.
Asjchabad (Settlement) Swedish, Dutch, Frisian
Swedish, Dutch and Frisian form of Ashgabat.
Ástralía (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Australia.
Asturien (Political Subdivision) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Asturias.
Aten (Settlement) Persian, Swedish
Persian and Swedish form of Athens.
Aþena (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Athens.
Aust-Agder (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the Nynork word aust "east" and the place name agder. It means "the eastern part of Agder."... [more]
Australasien (Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Australasia.
Austurríki (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Austria.
Austur-Tímor (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of East Timor.
Azerbajdzjan (Country) Swedish
Swedish form of Azerbaijan.
Azorene (Political Subdivision & Region) Norwegian
Norwegian form of Azores.
Azorerna (Political Subdivision & Region) Swedish
Swedish form of Azores.
Azorerne (Political Subdivision & Region) Danish
Danish form of Azores.
Bahrain (Country) Arabic, Catalan, Danish, English, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog
Means "two seas" in Arabic, derived from بحر (bahr) meaning "sea" combined with the pluralising suffix ـين (ayni). In Arabic it is properly written with the definite article as البحرين (al-Bahrain)... [more]
Baktrien (Political Subdivision & Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Bactria.
Bakú (Settlement) Icelandic, Spanish
Icelandic and Spanish form of Baku.
Bamako (Settlement) English, Armenian, Catalan, Danish, Esperanto, French, Fula, German, Hebrew, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish
Union of Bambara words bama ("crocodile") and ("stream"). This is the name of the capital city of Mali.
Bandaríkin (Country) Icelandic
Combination of Icelandic bönd "connections, relations, ties" and ríki "state". This is the Icelandic name for the United States.
Bangladesh (Country) Bengali, Armenian, Basque, Breton, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Swahili, Swedish, Uzbek
From Bengali বাংলাদেশ (Bangladeś) meaning "land of the Bengalis", from the name of the Bengali people and Sanskrit देश (deśá) meaning "country, kingdom, land, state"... [more]
Bangladess (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Bangladesh
Barein (Country) Burmese, Icelandic, Korean
Burmese, Icelandic, and Korean form of Bahrain.
Bari (Settlement) Italian, English, Armenian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sicilian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Latin Barium, itself of uncertain origin, possibly from Messapic *baur or *bur, meaning "house", ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bhreu ("to grow, to be"). This is the name of the capital city of Apulia, in southern Italy.
Basjkortostan (Political Subdivision) Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Norwegian, Swedish
Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Norwegian and Swedish form of Bashkortostan.
Belgía (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Belgium.
Belís (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Belize
Belis (Country) Faroese
Faroese form of Belize
Bergen (Settlement) Dutch, Norwegian, German
Newer form of Bjǫrgvin, a combination of Old Norse bjarg "mountain" and vin "meadow". This is the 2nd largest city in Norway.
Bhutan (Country) English, Bengali, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Indian, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Nepali, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Urdu
Probably from བོད (bod), the Tibetan name for the region of Tibet, derived from Sanskrit भोट-अन्त (bhoṭa-anta) meaning "end of Tibet" (referring to the country's geographical location in southern extremity of the Tibetan plateau)... [more]
Bisaltien (Region) Swedish
Swedish form of Bisaltia.
Bisjkek (Settlement) Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Norwegian, Swedish
Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Norwegian and Swedish form of Bishkek.
Björneborg (Settlement) Swedish
Combination of Swedish björn "bear" and borg "castle, fortress". This is the Swedish name for Pori (whose name is a Finnicized form of -borg).
Boiotien (Political Subdivision & Region) Danish, Swedish
Danish and Swedish form of Boiotia (see Boeotia).
Bonaire (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is a special municipality of the Netherlands.
Bottenhavet (Body of Water) Swedish, Danish, Norwegian
Combination of Old Swedish botn "bay, gulf" and the definite form of Swedish hav "sea". Bottenhavet is located between Finland and Sweden and is a part of Bottniska viken, the northernmost part of the Baltic Sea.
Bottenviken (Body of Water) Swedish
Combination of Old Swedish botn "bay, gulf" and the definite form of Swedish vik "bay", making it a tautological place name meaning "the bay bay". Bottenviken is a part of Bottniska viken and the northernmost part of the Baltic Sea.
Brasilía (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Brazil.
Bretland (Country) Icelandic, Faroese, Medieval English
Icelandic, Faroese and Old English form of Britain (see also: United Kingdom).
Bro (Settlement) Swedish
Means "bridge" in Swedish. This is the name of many localities and parishes in Sweden. It's also a common place name element (see Örebro).
Brunei (Country) Malay, Albanian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Luxembourgish, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian
Most likely from Sanskrit वरुण (varuna) meaning "ocean, water" or referring to the Hindu god Varuna. A local legend suggests that the name may be derived from the phrase baru nah meaning "there!" or "that's it!", which was supposedly declared by Muhammad Shah, Brunei's first sultan... [more]
Brussel (Settlement) Dutch, Afrikaans, Icelandic, Norwegian
Dutch, Afrikaans, Icelandic and Norwegian form of Brussels.
Bruxelles (Settlement) French, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Italian, Romanian
French form of Brussels, which some countries have adopted as their name for the Belgian city.
Bryssel (Settlement) Finnish, Swedish
Finnish and Swedish form of Brussels.
Búlgaría (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Bulgaria.
Burjatia (Political Subdivision) Danish, Finnish, Norwegian
Danish, Finnish, and Norwegian form of Buryatia.
Burjatien (Political Subdivision) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Buryatia.
Búrkína Fasó (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Burkina Faso
Búrma (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Burma.
Burundi (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Breton, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
The name of the Country in East Africa. Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi, is a landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region of East Africa, bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.
Buskerud (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
Named after an old manor of the same name. (Biskupsruð) It derives from the Old Norse biskup (bishop) and ruð (clearing, farm.) The biskup part referring in particular to the Bishop of the ancient Catholic diocese of Hamar.... [more]
Cagliari (Settlement) Italian, English, Danish, French, Galician, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish
From Latin Calaris, itself from Phoenician Krly, of uncertain meaning. This is the name of the capital city of Sardinia, an island in the Mediterranean Sea and a region of Italy.
Cambodja (Country) Catalan, Danish, Dutch
Catalan, Danish, and Dutch form of Cambodia.
Cameroun (Country) Danish, French
Danish and French form of Cameroon
Caracas (Settlement) English, Catalan, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Portuguese (Brazilian), Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish
From the earlier name Santiago de León de Caracas. The name Caracas is most likely derived from the name of a tribe that used to live in the area. This is the name of the capital city of Venezuela.
Caribien (Region) Danish
Danish form of Caribbean.
Christiania (Settlement) Norwegian (Archaic)
Named in honor of Christian IV (1577-1648), king of Denmark-Norway. This was the name of the capital of Norway between 1624 and 1925.
Ciskaukasien (Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Ciscaucasia.
Comorerne (Country) Danish
Danish form of Comoros.
Costa Rica (Country) Spanish, Afrikaans, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish
The name of the Country in Central America. Costa Rica is a rugged, rainforested Central American country with coastlines on the Caribbean and Pacific. Though its capital, San Jose, is home to cultural institutions like the Pre-Columbian Gold Museum, Costa Rica is known for its beaches, volcanoes, and biodiversity... [more]
Dakka (Settlement) Armenian, Hungarian, Icelandic, Japanese, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Mongolian, Russian, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Form of Dhaka used in various languages.
Dardanien (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Dardania.
Demokratiska Republiken Kongo (Country) Swedish
Swedish official form of Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is often referred to as Kongo-Kinshasa to differentiate it from The Republic of Congo (often called Kongo-Brazzaville).
Djakarta (Settlement) Dutch (Archaic), Afrikaans, Icelandic
Archaic Dutch form of Jakarta as well as the modern Afrikaans and Icelandic form of the name. The modern Dutch form is written exactly the same as the English form.
Djíbútí (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Djibouti.
Dnjestr (River) Dutch, Icelandic, Danish, German, Norwegian, Swedish
Dutch and Icelandic form of Dniester as well as a Danish, German, Norwegian and Swedish alternative name for the river.
Dominica (Country & Island) Afrikaans, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish
Derived from Latin dominica meaning "lordly" or "Sunday", named by explorer Christopher Columbus for his sighting of the island on a Sunday. This is the name of an island country in the Caribbean.
Dortmund (Settlement) English, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish
First mentioned in the 9th century AD as Throtmanni, of uncertain origin and meaning, the form Dortmunde first appeared in the 13th century. This is the name of a city in western Germany.
Dusjanbe (Settlement) Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, Papiamento
Scandinavian and Papiamento form of Dushanbe.
Dyflinn (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Dublin.
Efrat (River) Bulgarian, Icelandic
Bulgarian and Icelandic form of Euphrates.
Egyptaland (Country) Icelandic, Faroese
Icelandic and Faroese form of Egypt.
Egypten (Country) Swedish, Danish
Swedish and Danish form of Egypt.
Eistland (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Estonia.
Ekvatorialguinea (Country) Swedish
Swedish form of Equatorial Guinea.
Elfenbenskusten (Country) Swedish
Swedish form of Côte D'ivoire.
Erítrea (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Eritrea
Ermland (Region) Afrikaans, Dutch, German, Norwegian, Swedish
The name used for Warmia in the West and North Germanic languages.
Esbo (Settlement) Swedish
Swedish name for Espoo.
Eskilstuna (Settlement) Swedish
Combination of the Swedish name Eskil and Swedish tun (from Old Norse tún) meaning "enclosure, fence, homestead, courtyard, plot"... [more]
Eþíópía (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Ethiopia.
Etrurien (Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Etruria.
Eurasia (Region) English, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Spanish
Combination of Europe and Asia. This is the name of a landmass comprising all of Europe and Asia.
Eurasien (Region) Danish, German, Luxembourgish, Swedish
Danish, German, Luxembourgish and Swedish form of Eurasia.
Evrasía (Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Eurasia.
Evrasia (Region) Armenian, Faroese, Greek, Judeo-Spanish
Armenian, Faroese, Greek and Ladino form of Eurasia.
Evrópa (Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Europa (see Europe).
Evropa (Region) Abkhaz, Albanian, Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Czech, Faroese, Georgian, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene
Form of Europa (see Europe) used in various languages as well as an Armenian and Russian alternate transcription of Yevropa.
Eyjafjallajökull (Other) Icelandic
Means "island mountain glacier". From Icelandic eyja "island", fjall "mountain", and jökull "glacier". Eyjafjallajökull is a glacier and volcano in Iceland whose eruptions in 2010 caused a great air travel disruption in Europe.
Eysturríki (Country) Faroese
Faroese cognate of Österreich. This is the Faroese form of Austria
Færeyjar (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic cognate of Føroyar.
Færøerne (Country) Danish
Danish cognate of Føroyar.
Falklandsöarna (Island) Swedish
Swedish form of The Falkland Islands.
Färöarna (Country) Swedish
Swedish cognate of Føroyar.
Fídjíeyjar (Country) Icelandic
Combination of Fidji "Fiji" and eyjar "islands". This is the Icelandic name for Fiji.
Fílabeinsströndin (Country) Icelandic
Combination of Icelandic fílabein "ivory" and strönd "coast", making this an Icelandic calque of Côte D'ivoire.
Filippinene (Country) Norwegian
Norwegian form of Philippines.
Filippinerna (Country) Swedish
Swedish form of The Philippines.
Filippinerne (Country) Danish
Danish form of the Philippines
Filippseyjar (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of the Philippines.
Filipsoyggjar (Country) Faroese
Faroese form of Philippines.
Finnmark (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the Old Norse finn(ar) (the Old Norse same of the Sami), and mǫrk meaning "woodland, borderland, or march/mark."... [more]
Firenze (Settlement) Italian, Danish, Finnish, Hungarian
Italian form of Florence.
Føroyar (Country) Faroese
Probably derived from Old Norse fær "sheep" and oyer, an archaic Faroese word meaning "islands".
Frakkland (Country) Icelandic, Ancient Scandinavian
Ultimately from Old Norse frakkar "Franks" and land "land". This is the Icelandic and Old Norse form of France.
Gabon (Country) Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Turkish
Derived from Portuguese gabão meaning "cloak, overcoat", used to refer to the shape of the estuary of the Komo River by Libreville. This is the name of a country in Central Africa along the Atlantic coast.
Galicien (Political Subdivision) Danish, German, Luxembourgish, Swedish
Danish, German, Luxembourgish and Swedish form of Galicia.
Galilæa (Region) Danish
Danish form of Galilee.
Galílea (Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Galilee.
Galileen (Region) Swedish
Swedish form of Galilee.
Gallia (Region & Country) Ancient Roman, Estonian, Finnish, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian
Ancient Roman name for the historical region of Gaul, which some modern countries have adopted as their name for that region.... [more]
Gambía (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Gambia.
Georgía (Country & Political Subdivision) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Georgia 1 and Georgia 2
Gínea (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Guinea.
Gínea-bissá (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Guinea-Bissau.
Gnarp (Settlement) Swedish
Etymology unknown. Perhaps derived from *gnarp "lump, bump", or from gnarp, an onomatopoeic word meaning "creak, screech".
Götaland (Region) Swedish
Means "land of the Geats". The Geats (sometimes referred to as Goths) were a North Germanic tribe inhabiting southern Sweden. Götaland is one of three lands of Sweden, the others being Svealand and Norrland.
Göteborg (Settlement) Swedish
From the name of Göta älv ("River of the Geats"), combined with Swedish borg "castle, fortress". The Geats were a North Germanic tribe inhabiting present-day Sweden. Göteborg is the second largest city in Sweden.
Gotland (Island) Swedish
Named after a North Germanic tribe, the Gutes (Old Norse gotar).
Grænhöfðaeyjar (Country) Icelandic
Combination of Icelandic grænn "green", höfði "headland, promontory", and eyjur "islands". This is the Icelandic name for Cape Verde.
Grekland (Country) Swedish
Swedish form of Greece.
Grenada (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Uzbek
Probably from Granada, the name of a city in Andalusia, Spain, which is derived from Arabic غَرْنَاطَة‎ (ḡarnāṭa) possibly meaning "hill of strangers". This is the name of an island country in the Caribbean.
Grikkland (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Greece.
Grönland (Political Subdivision) German, Hungarian, Swedish, Turkish
Form of Greenland.
Grønland (Country) Danish, Norwegian, Faroese
Cognate of Grœnland.
Groznyj (Settlement) Norwegian, Slovak, Swedish
Norwegian, Slovak, and Swedish form of Grozny.
Guam (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
The name of the Territory. Guam is a U.S. island territory in Micronesia, in the Western Pacific. It's distinguished by tropical beaches, Chamorro villages and ancient latte-stone pillars. Guam’s WWII significance is on view at the War in the Pacific National Historical Park, whose sites include Asan Beach, a former battlefield... [more]
Gvam (Political Subdivision & Island) Icelandic, Serbian, Slovene
Icelandic, Serbian and Slovenian form of Guam.
Gvatemalaborg (Settlement) Icelandic
Combination of Gvatemala and Icelandic borg "city". This is the Icelandic name for the capital of Guatemala.
Hafnarfjörður (Settlement) Icelandic
Combination of Icelandic höfn "harbour, port" and fjörður "fjord". Hafnarfjörður is the third largest city in Iceland.
Hälsingland (Region) Swedish
Hälsingland is a province in central Sweden meaning "land of the Hälsings". Hälsing is believed to be a combination of Swedish hals "throat, neck" and inge "dweller". The hals-part is probably not referring to the anatomical part, but rather to a narrow strait of water.
Hedmark (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the Old Norse Heiðmǫrk. That's from heiðnir the name of an old Germanic tribe (related to heið meaning moorland) and mǫrk meaning "woodland, borderland, or march/mark."... [more]
Hellas (Country) Norwegian, English (Rare), Czech (Rare)
From Ancient Greek Ἑλλάς (Hellás) "Greece". This is the Norwegian name for Greece, used since 1932. It was previously called Grekenland (compare Grekland, Griekeland)... [more]
Helsingborg (Settlement) Swedish
Helsingborg is a city in Scania, Sweden. The name is a combination of hals "neck, narrow strait" and borg "castle, fortification". There has been a permanent settlement around Helsingborg since 1085, making it one of Sweden's oldest cities.
Helsingfors (Settlement) Swedish
Swedish form of Helsinki, meaning "the Helsinge rapids".
Helsingør (Settlement) Danish, Norwegian
Combination of helsing (itself a combination of Danish hals "narrow strait, neck" and -ing, a suffix denoting an inhabitant) and ør "gravel" (in this case referring to Øresund, a strait separating Denmark from Sweden)... [more]
Hjälmaren (Body of Water) Swedish
Derived from Old Swedish *iælmber "noise, rumble". Hjälmaren is the 4th largest lake in Sweden.
Hondúras (Country) Icelandic, Irish
Icelandic and Irish form of Honduras
Hordaland (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the Old Norse hǫrðar, meaning (and old Germanic tribe) and lǫnd meaning "lands."... [more]
Huddinge (Settlement) Swedish
Newer form of Uddunge (first mentioned as Wddunge in 1314) meaning "those who live by the headland". Huddinge is a part of Stockholm urban area.
Hvíta-Rússland (Country) Icelandic
Means "white Russia", an Icelandic calque of Belarus.
Hvítarussland (Country) Faroese
Means "White Russia", a Faroese calque of Belarus
Hyrkanien (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Hyrcania.
Indland (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of India.
Indónesía (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Indonesia.
Ingermanland (Region) Swedish, Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, German, Norwegian
Swedish form of Ingria, which some countries have adopted as their name for the historical region in northeastern Europe.
Írak (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Iraq.
Íran (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Iran.
Ísafjörður (Settlement) Icelandic
Means "ice fjord" from Icelandic ís meaning "ice" and fjörður meaning "fjord". This is the name of a town in Iceland.
Ísrael (Country) Icelandic, Faroese
Icelandic and Faroese form of Israel.
Ítalía (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Italy.
Jamaica (Country & Island) Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Hungarian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish
From Taíno Xaymaca meaning "land of wood and water" or "land of springs". This is the name of an island country in the Caribbean.
Japani (Country) Finnish, Icelandic, Swahili
Finnish, Icelandic and Swahili form of Japan
Jerúsalem (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Jerusalem.
Jórdanía (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Jordan.
Jórvík (Settlement) Ancient Scandinavian, Icelandic
Icelandic and Old Norse form of York. It is believed to be derived from Old English Eoforwic, itself believed to be derived from Latin Eboracum possibly meaning "place of the yew trees".
Judæa (Region) Danish
Danish form of Iudaea (see Judea).
Judeen (Region) Swedish
Swedish form of Iudaea (see Judea).
Jukkasjärvi (Settlement) Swedish, Finnish
Originally from Northern Sami Čohkkirasjávri meaning "lake of assembly". It was later changed to the much more Finnish-sounding name Jukkasjärvi. This probably changed the meaning of the name as the first element jukkas is of uncertain origin (but it coincides with the Finnish given name Jukka)... [more]
Kabúl (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Kabul.
Kákasus (Region & Mountain) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Caucasus.
Kalabrien (Region) German, Luxembourgish, Swedish
German, Luxembourgish and Swedish form of Calabria.
Kaledonien (Region) Swedish
Swedish form of Caledonia.
Kalifornien (Political Subdivision) Danish (Archaic), German, Luxembourgish, Swedish
Archaic Danish form of California as well as the modern German, Luxembourgish and Swedish form of the name. The modern Danish form is Californien.
Kambódía (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Cambodia.
Kampala (Settlement) English, Armenian, Danish, Dutch, French, Hebrew, Italian, Portuguese, Russian, Slovak, Spanish
From K'empala, a shortening of the original Baganda Akasozi ke'Empala ("Hill of the Impala"). This is the name of the capital city of Uganda.
Kanarieöarna (Island) Swedish
Swedish form of The Canary Islands.
Kantabrien (Political Subdivision) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Cantabria.
Kap Verde (Country & Island) Danish, Finnish, German, Swedish
Danish, Finnish, German and Swedish form of Cape Verde.
Karantanien (Country) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Carantania.
Karibia (Region) Finnish, Indonesian, Norwegian
Finnish, Indonesian, and Norwegian form of Caribbean.
Karibien (Region) Norwegian, Swedish
Norwegian and Swedish form of Caribbean. This is a variant in both countries: their standard name for the region is Karibia and Västindien respectively.
Karlshamn (Settlement) Swedish
Means "Karl's port" in Swedish. It was named after Swedish king Karl X Gustav. ... [more]
Karlskrona (Settlement) Swedish
Means "Karl's crown" in Swedish. It was named after Swedish king Karl XI. ... [more]
Karlstad (Settlement) Swedish
Means "Karl's town" in Swedish. It was named after the Swedish king Karl IX who founded the town in 1584. ... [more]
Karpatene (Mountain) Norwegian
Norwegian form of Carpathians.
Karpaterna (Mountain) Swedish
Swedish form of Carpathians.
Karpaterne (Mountain) Danish
Danish form of Carpathians.
Kartago (Settlement) Afrikaans, Indonesian, Norwegian
Afrikaans, Indonesian and Norwegian form of Carthage.
Karþagó (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Carthage.
Kasakhstan (Country) Danish, Norwegian, Eastern African, Somali
Danish, Norwegian, and Somali form of Kazakhstan.
Kasakstan (Country) Afrikaans, Icelandic, Faroese
Afrikaans, Icelandic and Faroese form of Kazakhstan.
Kastilien (Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Castile.
Katalónía (Political Subdivision & Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Catalonia.
Katalonien (Political Subdivision) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Catalonia.
Katmandú (Settlement) Icelandic, Spanish
Icelandic and Spanish form of Kathmandu.
Katrineholm (Settlement) Swedish
Swedish city located in Södermanland. It was originally the name of a ducal residence located in the area. The residence was named after the owner's wife Catharina.
Kaukasia (Region) Finnish, Norwegian
Finnish and Norwegian form of Caucasia, which is an alternative name for the Caucasus geographical region.
Kaukasien (Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Caucasia, which is an alternative name for the Caucasus geographical region.
Kaupmannahöfn (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Copenhagen.
Kebnekaise (Mountain) Swedish
Derived from Lule Sami giebnne "cauldron" and gájsse "elevated and pointy crest". Kebnekaise is the highest mountain in Sweden.
Kekenia (Political Subdivision) Faroese
Faroese form of Chechnya.
Khartoum (Settlement) English, Danish, French, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Swahili, Swedish, Welsh
Most likely from Arabic قرطم‎ (qurṭum), meaning "safflower", or possibly خرطوم (ḵurṭūm), meaning "elephant's trunk". This is the name of the capital city of Sudan.
Kína (Country) Icelandic, Hungarian
Icelandic and Hungarian form of China.
Kinshasa (Settlement) English, Danish, Dutch, French, German, Hebrew, Italian, Japanese, Swedish
Named after a nearby village, this name derives from Kikongo ki, a locative marker, and nshasa ("salt"), thus "salt market". This is the name of the capital city of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Kirgisien (Country) Danish, German (Rare)
Danish and German form of Kyrgyzstan via its Russian name Kirgiziya. This is an alternative name for the country; the standard name in both Denmark and Germany is Kirgisistan.
Kirgizistan (Country) Basque, Slovene, Swedish
Basque, Slovenian and Swedish form of Kyrgyzstan.
Kiruna (Settlement) Swedish
From the name of the mountain Kiirunavaara, composed of Finnish kiiruna "ptarmigan" and vaara "large forested hill" (from Northern Sami várri "mountain"). Kiruna is the northernmost town in Sweden known for the Kiruna Mine, the largest and most modern underground iron ore mine in the world, and Esrange Space Center, a rocket range and research centre.
Kisínev (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Chișinău.
København (Settlement) Danish, Norwegian
From Old Norse Kaupmannahǫfn, meaning "merchants' harbour". This is the capital of Denmark.
Komorene (Country) Norwegian
Norwegian form of Comoros.
Komorerna (Country & Island) Swedish
Swedish form of Comoros.
Kópavogur (Settlement) Icelandic
Combination of Icelandic kópur "seal" and vogur "bay". Kópavogur is the second largest city in Iceland.
Köpenhamn (Settlement) Swedish
Swedish form of Copenhagen.
Kórea (Country) Icelandic, Slovak
Icelandic and Slovak form of Korea
Korint (Settlement) Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Norwegian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene
Form of Corinthus (see Corinth).
Korinth (Settlement) Danish, German, Swedish, Turkish
Danish, German, Swedish and Turkish form of Corinthus (see Corinth).
Kórinþa (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Corinthus (see Corinth).
Kosovo (Country) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Indonesian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Ukrainian
From Albanian Kosova or Kosovë, which is derived from Serbian кос (kos) meaning "blackbird", an ellipsis of Косово Поље (Kosovo Polje) meaning "blackbird field"... [more]
Kosta Ríka (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Costa Rica
Krestonien (Region) Swedish
Swedish form of Crestonia.
Krim (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, German, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Norwegian, Serbian, Swedish
Form of Crimea.
Kristianstad (Settlement) Swedish
Swedish city founded in 1614, named after the Danish king Kristian IV. The city is located in Skåne which belonged to Denmark until 1658.
Kristinehamn (Settlement) Swedish
Named after Swedish queen Kristina (1626-1689). The town was previously named Bro. ... [more]
Króatía (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Croatia.
Kuwait (Country) Arabic, Danish, English, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
Of uncertain meaning, possibly from the alleged Arabic root ك و ت (k-w-t) or from a word meaning "fortress built near water". This is the name of a country in Western Asia, usually written with the definite article: الكويت (al-Kuwait) in Arabic.