Scandinavian Submitted Place Names

Scandinavian names are used in the Scandinavia region of northern Europe. For more specific lists, see Swedish names, Danish names and Norwegian names. See also about Scandinavian names.
type
usage
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
Kantabrien (Political Subdivision) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Cantabria.
Kap Verde (Country & Island) Danish, Finnish, German, Swedish
Danish, Finnish, German and Swedish form of Cape Verde.
Karantanien (Country) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Carantania.
Karasjok (Settlement) Norwegian
Norwegianized form of the Northern Sami language name Kárášjohka. The meaning of the first element could be káráš from Northern Sami which could mean "food plate of wood", or from Finnish, kara, "something that sticks"... [more]
Karibia (Region) Finnish, Indonesian, Norwegian
Finnish, Indonesian, and Norwegian form of Caribbean.
Karibien (Region) Norwegian, Swedish
Norwegian and Swedish form of Caribbean. This is a variant in both countries: their standard name for the region is Karibia and Västindien respectively.
Karlshamn (Settlement) Swedish
Means "Karl's port" in Swedish. It was named after Swedish king Karl X Gustav. ... [more]
Karlskrona (Settlement) Swedish
Means "Karl's crown" in Swedish. It was named after Swedish king Karl XI. ... [more]
Karlstad (Settlement) Swedish
Means "Karl's town" in Swedish. It was named after the Swedish king Karl IX who founded the town in 1584. ... [more]
Karpatene (Mountain) Norwegian
Norwegian form of Carpathians.
Karpaterna (Mountain) Swedish
Swedish form of Carpathians.
Karpaterne (Mountain) Danish
Danish form of Carpathians.
Kartago (Settlement) Afrikaans, Indonesian, Norwegian
Afrikaans, Indonesian and Norwegian form of Carthage.
Karþagó (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Carthage.
Kasakhstan (Country) Danish, Norwegian, Eastern African, Somali
Danish, Norwegian, and Somali form of Kazakhstan.
Kasakstan (Country) Afrikaans, Icelandic, Faroese
Afrikaans, Icelandic and Faroese form of Kazakhstan.
Kastilien (Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Castile.
Katalónía (Political Subdivision & Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Catalonia.
Katalonien (Political Subdivision) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Catalonia.
Katmandú (Settlement) Icelandic, Spanish
Icelandic and Spanish form of Kathmandu.
Katrineholm (Settlement) Swedish
Swedish city located in Södermanland. It was originally the name of a ducal residence located in the area. The residence was named after the owner's wife Catharina.
Kaukasia (Region) Finnish, Norwegian
Finnish and Norwegian form of Caucasia, which is an alternative name for the Caucasus geographical region.
Kaukasien (Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Caucasia, which is an alternative name for the Caucasus geographical region.
Kaupmannahöfn (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Copenhagen.
Kebnekaise (Mountain) Swedish
Derived from Lule Sami giebnne "cauldron" and gájsse "elevated and pointy crest". Kebnekaise is the highest mountain in Sweden.
Kekenia (Political Subdivision) Faroese
Faroese form of Chechnya.
Kenja (Country) Faroese
Faroese form of Kenya.
Khartoum (Settlement) English, Danish, French, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Swahili, Swedish, Welsh
Most likely from Arabic قرطم‎ (qurṭum), meaning "safflower", or possibly خرطوم (ḵurṭūm), meaning "elephant's trunk". This is the name of the capital city of Sudan.
Kína (Country) Icelandic, Hungarian
Icelandic and Hungarian form of China.
Kinshasa (Settlement) English, Danish, Dutch, French, German, Hebrew, Italian, Japanese, Swedish
Named after a nearby village, this name derives from Kikongo ki, a locative marker, and nshasa ("salt"), thus "salt market". This is the name of the capital city of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Kirgisien (Country) Danish, German (Rare)
Danish and German form of Kyrgyzstan via its Russian name Kirgiziya. This is an alternative name for the country; the standard name in both Denmark and Germany is Kirgisistan.
Kirgizistan (Country) Basque, Slovene, Swedish
Basque, Slovenian and Swedish form of Kyrgyzstan.
Kiruna (Settlement) Swedish
From the name of the mountain Kiirunavaara, composed of Finnish kiiruna "ptarmigan" and vaara "large forested hill" (from Northern Sami várri "mountain"). Kiruna is the northernmost town in Sweden known for the Kiruna Mine, the largest and most modern underground iron ore mine in the world, and Esrange Space Center, a rocket range and research centre.
Kisínev (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Chișinău.
København (Settlement) Danish, Norwegian
From Old Norse Kaupmannahǫfn, meaning "merchants' harbour". This is the capital of Denmark.
Kópavogur (Settlement) Icelandic
Combination of Icelandic kópur "seal" and vogur "bay". Kópavogur is the second largest city in Iceland.
Köpenhamn (Settlement) Swedish
Swedish form of Copenhagen.
Kórea (Country) Icelandic, Slovak
Icelandic and Slovak form of Korea
Korint (Settlement) Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Norwegian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene
Form of Corinthus (see Corinth).
Korinth (Settlement) Danish, German, Swedish, Turkish
Danish, German, Swedish and Turkish form of Corinthus (see Corinth).
Kórinþa (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Corinthus (see Corinth).
Kosovo (Country) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Indonesian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Ukrainian
From Albanian Kosova or Kosovë, which is derived from Serbian кос (kos) meaning "blackbird", an ellipsis of Косово Поље (Kosovo Polje) meaning "blackbird field"... [more]
Kosta Ríka (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Costa Rica
Krestonien (Region) Swedish
Swedish form of Crestonia.
Krim (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, German, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Norwegian, Serbian, Swedish
Form of Crimea.
Kristianstad (Settlement) Swedish
Swedish city founded in 1614, named after the Danish king Kristian IV. The city is located in Skåne which belonged to Denmark until 1658.
Kristinehamn (Settlement) Swedish
Named after Swedish queen Kristina (1626-1689). The town was previously named Bro. ... [more]
Króatía (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Croatia.
Kuwait (Country) Arabic, Danish, English, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
Of uncertain meaning, possibly from the alleged Arabic root ك و ت (k-w-t) or from a word meaning "fortress built near water". This is the name of a country in Western Asia, usually written with the definite article: الكويت (al-Kuwait) in Arabic.
Kyiv (Settlement & Political Subdivision) Ukrainian, English, Danish, Indonesian, Malagasy, Malay, Norwegian, Tagalog
From Old East Slavic Киевъ (Kievu) of uncertain meaning. It is traditionally attributed to the given name Кий (Kyi) referring to one of the three legendary founders of the city, although another theory suggests that it is derived from Ukrainian кий (kyi) meaning "stick, pole" (so named because the city was palisaded by poles)... [more]
Kýpur (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Cyprus.
Laâyoune (Settlement) French, Afrikaans, Icelandic
French, Afrikaans and Icelandic form of Laayoune.
Lahtis (Settlement) Finland Swedish
Swedish form of Lahti.
Lakonien (Political Subdivision & Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Laconia.
Lausitz (Region) German, Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, Icelandic, Norwegian, Swedish
German form of Lusatia, which some countries have adopted as their name for the Central European region.
Lesotho (Country) Southern African, Sotho, English, Afrikaans, Bengali, Catalan, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish
Means "land of the Sotho", from the ethnic name of the Sotho (Basotho) people derived from the word motho meaning "person". This is the name of a country in southern Africa.
Lesótó (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Lesotho.
Letgallen (Region) Danish, Dutch, Afrikaans
Danish, Dutch and Afrikaans form of Latgale.
Letland (Country) Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch
Afrikaans, Danish and Dutch form of Latvia.
Lettland (Country) Faroese, German, Icelandic, Swedish
Cognate of Latvia.
Líbanon (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Lebanon.
Líbería (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Liberia
Líbía (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Libya
Libya (Country) Northern African, Berber, English, Faroese, Finnish, Hausa, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian, Swahili, Tagalog, Turkish
From Arabic ليبيا‎ (Lībiyā) from Ancient Greek Λιβύη (Libúē), which is derived from Libu, the name of an ancient Berber tribe (attested as rbw in Egyptian)... [more]
Libyen (Country) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Libya.
Lilongwe (Political Subdivision, Settlement & River) English, Chewa, Danish, Dutch, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Polish, Romanian, Slovak, Swahili
From Chewa Lilongwe, of uncertain meaning. This is the name of a river and the capital city of Malawi, as well as the district around it.
Lima (Settlement) Spanish, Aymara, English, Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Khmer, Kyrgyz, Lao, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
Most likely a corruption of Rímac, the name of a river, itself derived from Quechua rimaq meaning "speaker, talker" (ultimately from rimay meaning "to speak")... [more]
Linköping (Settlement) Swedish
Combination of Swedish ljung "heather" and köping "marketplace". The name was first mentioned in Old Swedish as Liunga. kaupinga in 1103.
Litháen (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Lithuania.
Livland (Region) German, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian
German and Scandinavian form of Livonia.
Ljubljana (Settlement) Slovene, English, Afrikaans, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Macedonian, Malagasy, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Romanian, Serbian, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
Meaning uncertain, perhaps derived from the Slavic element lyuby meaning "love" or from the name of the Ljubljanica River (itself derived from the given name Ljubovid)... [more]
Lofoten (Other) Norwegian
Modern definite form of Lófót which is a combination of Old Swedish "lynx" and Old Norse fótr "foot". Lofoten is a archipelago in Norway known for it's dramatic scenery.
Longyearbyen (Settlement) Norwegian
Means "the Longyear town" in Norwegian. Longyearbyen is the main settlement of the Norwegian archipelago Svalbard in the Arctic Ocean. The town was named after American businessman John Munro Longyear (1850-1922) whose company helped develop the settlement.
Lönneberga (Settlement) Swedish, Literature
Combination of Swedish lönn "maple" and berg "mountain". This is the name of a small village and parish in Småland, southern Sweden... [more]
Lovisa (Settlement) Finland Swedish
Swedish form of Loviisa.
Luanda (Settlement & Other) English, Dutch, French, German, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Portuguese (Brazilian), Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish
From lu-, a plural marker in several Bantu languages, and ndandu, "value" or "object of commerce", referring to the shells of sea snails, which were used as currency in the ancient kingdoms of Kongo and Ndongo.... [more]
Luleå (Settlement) Swedish
Derived from the name of the Lule River (see Lule Älv). A combination of Lule Sami lulij "the people living in the east" (referring to forest Sami people) and the place name element -eå denoting the city's location near the river.
Lule Älv (River) Swedish
Combination of Lule Sami lulij "the people living in the east" (referring to forest Sami people), and Swedish älv "river".
Lusaka (Political Subdivision & Settlement) English, Chewa, Chinese, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Hebrew, Italian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish
From Lusaaka, the name of a local Lenje chief. This is the name of the capital city of Zambia, as well as the district and the province in which the city is located.
Lúsitanía (Political Subdivision & Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Lusitania.
Lusitanien (Political Subdivision & Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Lusitania.
Macao (Political Subdivision & Settlement) English, Czech, Danish, Finnish, French, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish
Variant of Macau, as well as the usual form used in multiple languages.
Makaó (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Hungarian, Icelandic
Hungarian and Icelandic form of Macau.
Makedónía (Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Macedonia.
Malakka (Country, Political Subdivision, Settlement & Body of Water) Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Czech, Dutch, Finnish, German, Greek, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Turkish, Ukrainian
Form of Malacca.
Mälaren (Body of Water) Swedish
Derived from Old Norse mælir meaning "gravel". Mälaren is the third largest lake in Sweden.
Malasía (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Malaysia.
Maldivane (Country) Norwegian
Nynorsk form of Maldives.
Maldivene (Country) Norwegian
Norwegian form of Maldives.
Maldiverna (Country) Swedish
Swedish form of The Maldives.
Maldíveyjar (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Maldives
Malé (Settlement) English, Afrikaans, Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Dhivehi މާލެ (Male) most likely derived from މާ (ma) meaning "great, big, large" and ލޭ (le) meaning "blood", so named for the large amount of tuna blood that surrounded the sandbanks of a certain island... [more]
Mali (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Lao, Latvian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From the name of the Mali Empire, which was derived from Mandinka or Bambara mali meaning "hippopotamus" or "the place where the king lives". This is the name of a landlocked country in West Africa.
Malí (Country) Icelandic, Spanish
Icelandic and Spanish form of Mali.
Malmö (Settlement) Swedish
Newer form of Malmhaug meaning "gravel pile" or "ore hill". Malmö is the third largest city in Sweden.
Managua (Settlement) Catalan, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish
This is the capital city of Nicaragua, there are two possible origins for the name "Managua". It may have originated from the term Mana-ahuac, which in the indigenous Nahuatl language translates to "adjacent to the water" or site "surrounded by water"... [more]
Manchuriet (Region) Danish, Swedish
Danish and Swedish form of Manchuria.
Mandsjuria (Region) Norwegian
Norwegian form of Manchuria.
Maníla (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Manila.
Mansjúría (Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Manchuria.
Maputo (Settlement & River) English, Danish, Esperanto, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Slovak, Spanish
The city may have been named after Maputsu I of the Tembe clan, a subgroup of the Tsonga people found in Mozambique and South Africa, or after the Maputo River.... [more]
Mariefred (Settlement) Swedish
Swedish town named after a charterhouse called Pax Mariae "Maria's peace". A combination of the name Maria and Swedish fred "peace" (pax means "peace, harmony" in Latin).
Mariehamn (Settlement) Swedish, English
Mariehamn is the capital of Åland, named after Russian empress Maria Alexandrovna.
Mariestad (Settlement) Swedish
Means "Maria's town". It was founded in 1583 by Charles IX of Sweden and was named after his wife Maria of the Palatinate.... [more]
Máritanía (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Mauritania.
Maríuhöfn (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Mariehamn.
Marokkó (Country) Hungarian, Icelandic
Hungarian and Icelandic form of Morocco.
Masovien (Region) Danish, Swedish
Danish and Swedish form of Masovia.
Mauretanien (Country) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German, and Swedish form of Mauritania.
Mauritania (Country) Albanian, English, Finnish, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Spanish, Filipino, Tagalog
From Latin Maurītānia, itself from Maurus meaning "Moor", a historical name for the Muslims that inhabited Northern Africa and the Iberian Peninsula during the Middle Ages. This is the name of a country in West Africa.
Mauritius (Country & Island) English, Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Dutch Mauritius, which was derived from the given name Maurits, bestowed in honour of Dutch prince Maurice of Nassau (1567-1625)... [more]
Medelhavet (Body of Water) Swedish
Combination of Swedish medel "middle, centre, medium" and havet "the sea". This is the Swedish name of the Mediterranean Sea.
Medien (Political Subdivision & Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Media.
Messenien (Political Subdivision & Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Messenia.
Mexíkó (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Mexico.
Miðbaugs-gínea (Country) Icelandic
Combination of Icelandic miðbaugur "equator" and Gínea. This is the Icelandic name for Equatorial Guinea.
Miðjarðarhafið (Body of Water) Icelandic
Combination of Icelandic mið/ur "middle", jarðar (the genitive singular form of jörð) "earth" and haf "sea". This is the Icelandic name for the Mediterranean Sea.
Módena (Settlement) Asturian, Galician, Icelandic, Portuguese, Spanish
Icelandic, Portuguese and Spanish form of Modena.
Mogadishu (Settlement) English, Albanian, Bengali, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Japanese, Macedonian, Malagasy, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Romanian, Sinhalese, Swedish, Tagalog
From Somali Muqdisho or Arabic مقديشو (Maqadishu) of uncertain meaning. It may be from Somali meaning "sight killer" or "blinder", possibly referring to the city's blinding beauty, derived from muuq meaning "sight, look, appearance" and disho meaning "kill"... [more]
Mógadisjú (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Mogadishu.
Moldavien (Country) Swedish
Swedish form of Moldova.
Moldóva (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Moldova.
Moldova (Country) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Danish, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Latvian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Romanian, Turkish, Ukrainian
From the name of the Moldova River in eastern Romania, which is of uncertain origin and meaning. It may be from Slavic mold- meaning "spruce, fir" or *moldu meaning "tender, soft, young", from Old German molde meaning "open-pit mine", or Gothic Mulda meaning "dust, dirt"... [more]
Moluckerna (Region) Swedish
Swedish form of Moluccas, which is a common alternative name for the Maluku Islands.
Molukkene (Region) Norwegian
Norwegian form of Moluccas, which is a common alternative name for the Maluku Islands.
Molukkerne (Region) Danish
Danish form of Moluccas, which is a common alternative name for the Maluku Islands.
Mónakó (Country & Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Monaco.
Mongólía (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Mongolia.
Montenegro (Country) Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Luxembourgish, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish
Means "black mountain" in Venetian, originally a calque of the Montenegrin name Црна Гора (Crna Gora) referring to Mount Lovćen... [more]
Mósambík (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Mozambique.
München (Settlement) German, Danish, Dutch, Faroese, Finnish, Hungarian, Norwegian, Swedish
Means "by the monks", ultimately derived from Old High German munih or Middle High German mün(e)ch. München is the third largest city in Germany.
Muscat (Settlement) English, Danish, Dutch, Romanian, Tagalog
From Arabic مسقط (Masqat) of disputed meaning, perhaps of Arabic or Old Persian origin. This is the name of the capital city of Oman.
Múskat (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Muscat.
Muskat (Settlement) Croatian, Hebrew, Indonesian, Norwegian, Swedish, Uyghur
Form of Muscat used in various languages.
Muskat (Settlement) Croatian, Indonesian, Khmer, Norwegian, Swedish
Form of Muscat used in multiple languages.
Mykle (Body of Water) Norwegian
Mykle is a lake in the municipality of Kongsberg in Viken county, Norway.
Nacka (Settlement) Swedish
From Swedish nacke "mountain ridge". Nacka is a part of Stockholm urban area.
Naíróbí (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Nairobi.
Namibía (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Namibia
Namibia (Country) Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Danish, English, Finnish, Georgian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Urdu
From the name of the Namib Desert, derived from Khoekhoe namib meaning "desert" or "vast place". This is the name of a country in southern Africa.
Napolí (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Napoli (see Naples).
Närke (Region) Swedish
Närke is Swedish historical province. The name is believed to be derived from the word när meaning "ridge, hill" (not to be confused with the word nära "close, near").
Nay Pyi Taw (Settlement) English, Norwegian, Occitan, Slovak
English variant of Naypyidaw as well as the Norwegian, Occitan, and Slovak form.
N'djamena (Settlement) English, Afrikaans, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malagasy, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog
From the name of the village of نجامينا (Nijamina) meaning "place of rest" in Arabic. This is the name of the capital city of Chad, chosen in 1973 by president François Tombalbaye.
Neapel (Settlement) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Naples.
Niamey (Settlement) English, Armenian, Danish, Finnish, French, Italian, Slovak, Spanish
Of uncertain origin; there are several theories on the origin of the name. It may be derived from a combination of Zarma words nia ("tree") and me ("shore where water is drawn"), or from the phrase "Wa niammané" ("take this city"), reportedly said by a Kalle clan chief... [more]
Nidelva (River) Norwegian
The name of a river that runs through Trondheim, and the name of a river in southern Norway. The name is a combination of the words elv "river" and nid (of unknown meaning).
Nígería (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Nigeria
Nikaragúa (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Nicaragua
Nikósía (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Nicosia.
Nilen (River) Danish, Norwegian, Swedish
Danish, Norwegian and Swedish form of Nile.
Nordamerika (Region) Swedish, Danish, German
Swedish, Danish and German form of North America.
Norden (Region) Swedish, Danish, Norwegian
Swedish, Danish and Norwegian name for The Nordic countries, meaning literally "the North". Norden is a geographical and cultural region consisting of Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Finland and Iceland... [more]
Nordkorea (Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of North Korea.
Nordland (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the Norwegian words nord meaning "north" and land meaning "country."... [more]
Nordmakedonien (Country) Swedish
Swedish form of North Macedonia.
Noreg (Country) Norwegian, Faroese
Nynorsk and Faroese form of Norge.
Noregur (Country) Icelandic, Faroese (Rare, Archaic)
Icelandic form of Norðvegr, the Old Norse form of Norway.
Norrland (Region) Swedish
Literally means "Northland" in Swedish. Norrland is one of three lands of Sweden, the others being Götaland and Svealand.
Norður-kórea (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of North Korea
Norður-Makedónía (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of North Macedonia.
Nouakchott (Settlement) French, English, Afrikaans, Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog
From Arabic نواكشوط (Nuwakshut) of unclear origin. It may come from a Berber name meaning "place of the winds" or perhaps from Arabic نأو (na'wi) meaning "shelter, harbor" combined with شط (shatt) meaning "beach, seashore, coast"... [more]
Nya Zeeland (Country & Island) Swedish
Swedish form of New Zealand.
Oceanien (Region) Danish, Swedish
Danish and Swedish form of Oceania.
Odense (Settlement) Danish
From Old Norse Óðinn's vé meaning "Odin's sanctuary". This is the 3rd largest city in Denmark and the birthplace of Hans Christian Andersen (1805-1875), the author of fairy tales such as 'The Little Mermaid' (1837), and 'The Snow Queen' (1844).
Okinava (Island) Russian, Ukrainian, Yakut, Azerbaijani, Kyrgyz, Kazakh, Uzbek, Tatar, Udmurt, Armenian, Georgian, Mongolian, Icelandic, Danish, Tajik, Chuvash, Albanian, Bosnian, Serbian, Croatian, Yiddish, Bulgarian, Chechen
Russian, Ukrainian, Yakutian, Azerbaijani, Kyrgyz, Kazakh, Uzbek, Tatar, Udmurt, Armenian, Georgian, Mongolian, Icelandic, Danish, Tajik, Chuvash, Albanian, Bosnian, Serbian, Croatian, Yiddish, Bulgarian, and Chechen form of Okinawa.
Øksfjord (Settlement) Norwegian
Øksfjord is a small settlement in Norway. Founded in 1941... [more]
Óman (Country) Icelandic, Irish
Icelandic and Irish form of Oman
Oppland (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the Old Norse upp meaning "up, upper" and lǫnd meaning "lands." The inner regions of Norway were called Upplǫnd in Norse times.... [more]
Örebro (Settlement) Swedish
Combination of Swedish ör, an archaic word meaning "gravel", and Bro "bridge. ... [more]
Osj (Settlement) Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Norwegian, Swedish
Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Norwegian and Swedish form of Osh.
Ósló (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Oslo.
Oslo (Settlement) Norwegian
Meaning uncertain. Possibly a combination of Old Norse áss meaning either "ridge" or "Æsir god", and "meadow, clearing". Oslo is the capital city of Norway... [more]
Ossetien (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Ossetia.
Österbotten (Political Subdivision & Region) Swedish, Danish, Dutch, German, Norwegian
Swedish form of Ostrobothnia, which some countries have adopted as their name for the Finnish region and the historical Swedish province.
Östergötland (Region) Swedish
A county (län) and historical province in Sweden. Östergötland means "Eastern Götaland". ... [more]
Østersjøen (Body of Water) Norwegian
Means "the eastern sea" in Norwegian. This is the Norwegian bokmål name for the Baltic Sea.
Östersjön (Body of Water) Swedish
Means "the eastern sea" in Swedish. This is the Swedish name for the Baltic Sea.
Østfold (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the old name of the Olsofjord fold and the Norwegian word øst. The name means, "the region east of the fold."... [more]
Östtimor (Country) Swedish
Swedish form of East Timor.
Ouagadougou (Settlement) English, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Mossi, Norwegian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Welsh
From Mossi Wogodogo, meaning "where honor and respect are received". This is the name of the capital city of Burkina Faso
Paionien (Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Paionia (see Paeonia).
Palæstina (Country & Region) Danish
Danish form of Palestine.
Palau (Country) English, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Palauan Belau either derived from aidebelau meaning "indirect replies" (referring to an island creation myth) or beluu meaning "village". This is the name of a country in Oceania.
Palestína (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Palestine
Papua Nya Guinea (Country) Swedish
Swedish form of Papua New Guinea.
Paragvæ (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Paraguay.
Parþía (Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Parthia.
Pelagonien (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Pelagonia.
Penang (Political Subdivision & Island) Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Spanish, Turkish
From Malay Pulau Pinang meaning "betel palm island", from pinang meaning "betel nut" or "betel palm" (a type of tree). This is the name of an island and state in Malaysia.
Piemonte (Political Subdivision) Italian, Danish, Galician, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese (Brazilian), Portuguese, Swedish, Venetian
Italian and Portuguese form of Piedmont, a region in northern Italy.
Pjongjang (Settlement) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Dutch, Finnish, Icelandic, Macedonian, Polish, Serbian, Slovene
Form of Pyongyang. In Belgium and the Netherlands, this spelling is technically considered dated but still used regularly there (especially in Belgium)... [more]
Podlasien (Region) Swedish, German
Swedish form of Podlachia as well as a German variant of Podlachien.
Pólland (Country) Faroese, Icelandic
Faroese and Icelandic form of Poland.
Polynesien (Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German, Swedish form of Polynesia.
Pomesanien (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Pomesania.
Port-au-Prince (Settlement) French, English, Afrikaans, Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkmen
Means "prince's port" in French. This is the name of the capital city of Haiti.
Portúgal (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Portugal.
Portúgali (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Portugal
Puerto Rico (Political Subdivision) Spanish, Afrikaans, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish
Means "rich port" in Spanish. Puerto Rico is a Caribbean island and unincorporated U.S. territory with a landscape of mountains, waterfalls and the El Yunque tropical rainforest. In San Juan, the capital and largest city, the Isla Verde area is known for its hotel strip, beach bars and casinos... [more]
Pyrenæerne (Mountain) Danish
Danish form of Pyrenees.
Pyreneene (Mountain) Norwegian
Norwegian form of Pyrenees.
Pyrenéerna (Mountain) Swedish
Swedish form of Pyrenees.
Qatar (Country) Arabic, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Persian, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
From Catharrei, the name given to the inhabitants of region by Roman writer Pliny the Elder, which may have been based on the name of a local settlement. The name Catara was later used by Greek astronomer Ptolemy to refer to the peninsula, which was eventually transmitted into Arabic... [more]
Quito (Settlement) English, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Slovak, Spanish
From the Quitu tribe, whose name is derived from the combination of the Tsafiki words quitso ("center") and to ("world"). This is the name of the capital city of Ecuador.
Ramallah (Settlement) English, Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Danish, Dutch, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Arabic رام الله (Ram Allah) meaning "hill of God" or "height of God", derived from Aramaic רמא (rama) meaning "hill, height" and Arabic الله (Allah). This is the name of the de facto capital city of Palestine.
Rangoon (Settlement) Danish, Dutch, Swedish, English (Archaic)
Historical English form of Yangon based on the Arakanese pronunciation of the city's name. It is also the standard Danish, Dutch and Swedish form.
Republiken Kongo (Country) Swedish
Swedish official form of Republic Of The Congo (see Congo). Often referred to as Kongo-Brazzaville to differentiate it from Demokratiska Republiken Kongo (often called Kongo-Kinshasa).
Reykjavík (Settlement) Icelandic
Means "bay of smokes", from Old Norse reykir, plural of reykr “smoke” and vík "bay". Steam from hot springs in the region is said to have inspired Reykjavík's name.
Rhen (River) Swedish
Swedish form of Rhine.
Rhinen (River) Danish, Norwegian
Danish and Norwegian form of Rhine.
Ríad (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Riyadh.
Riksgränsen (Settlement) Swedish
Means "the national border" in Swedish. Riksgränsen is a small village and popular ski-resort in Northern Sweden, close to the Norwegian border.
Rín (River) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Rhine.
Rogaland (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the Old Norse rygir (probably the name of a Germanic tribe) and and lǫnd meaning "lands." ... [more]
Róm (Settlement) Faroese, Icelandic
Faroese and Icelandic form of Rome.
Roslagen (Region) Swedish
Derived from roslag, an old dialectal word meaning "rowing crew", ultimately derived from Old Swedish *roþs- "rowing". Compare Rus, and modern Swedish ro "to row".
Rúanda (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Rwanda
Rúmenía (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Romania.
Saint Lucia (Country & Island) English, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Swedish, Turkish, Vietnamese
Named after Saint Lucia of Syracuse, Legend states that French sailors were shipwrecked on the island on December 13th, the feast day of St... [more]
Samarien (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Samaria.
Sambía (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic from of Zambia
Samland (Region) Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, German, Norwegian, Swedish
The name used for Sambia in the West and North Germanic languages.
Sana (Settlement) Albanian, Amharic, Belarusian, Bengali, Chinese, Croatian, Georgian, Hindi, Icelandic, Japanese, Kazakh, Khmer, Korean, Kyrgyz, Lao, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Thai, Turkmen, Ukrainian
Form of Sanaa used in numerous languages. It can also be an alternate transcription of Japanese Kanji サナア (see Sanā).
Sanaa (Settlement) English, Armenian, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Mongolian, Norwegian, Swedish, Tagalog
From Arabic صنعاء (San'a) which was most likely derived from the Sabaic root ṣnʿ meaning "well-fortified". This is the name of the capital city of Yemen.
Sanaá (Settlement) Danish, Portuguese
Danish form of Sanaa as well as a Portuguese variant.
San Marínó (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of San Marino.
São Paulo (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Portuguese, English, French, German, Norwegian
Portuguese form of Saint Paul. This is the name of a city and a state in Brazil.
Sápmi (Region) Sami, Swedish, English
Perhaps ultimately derived from Proto-Balto-Slavic *źemē meaning "earth". Suomi, the Finnish name for Finland, is believed to be derived from the same root... [more]
Saragossa (Settlement) Italian, English, German, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Tagalog, Cebuano
Italian form of Zaragoza as well as the English variant.
Sardinia (Region & Island) Basque, English, Finnish, Georgian, Greek, Norwegian, Romanian
An island which is also one of the 20 regions of Italy.
Sardinien (Political Subdivision & Island) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Sardinia.
Semgallen (Region) Danish, Dutch, German, Swedish
Danish, Dutch, German and Swedish form of Semigallia.
Senja (Island) Norwegian
An island and a municipality in Troms county, Norway. The meaning of the name is officially unknown, but it could come from the word sundr which means "split apart" or "tear"... [more]
Seúl (Settlement) Spanish, Icelandic, Asturian, Galician
Spanish, Icelandic, Asturian and Galician form of Seoul.
Sevilla (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Spanish, Aragonese, Asturian, Basque, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, Galician, German, Hungarian, Norwegian, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
Spanish form of Seville, as well as the form used in numerous other languages.
Seychellane (Country) Norwegian
Nynorsk form of Seychelles.
Seychellene (Country) Norwegian
Norwegian form of Seychelles.
Seychellerna (Country) Swedish
Swedish form of Seychelles.
Seychellerne (Country) Danish
Danish form of Seychelles.
Sibirien (Region) Danish, German, Luxembourgish, Swedish
Danish, German, Luxembourgish and Swedish form of Siberia.
Sicilia (Political Subdivision & Island) Ancient Roman, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Spanish, Tagalog
Ancient Roman (i.e. Classical Latin) form of Sicily, which some modern countries have adopted as their name for the island.
Sicilien (Political Subdivision & Island) Danish, Swedish
Danish and Swedish form of Sicily.
Síle (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Chile.
Sinai (Region & Mountain) Biblical, Hebrew, Albanian, Danish, English, German, Italian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish
Biblical place name, both the mountain upon which Moses receives the Ten Commandments from God and the desert where it is located, found between Canaan and Egypt.... [more]
Singapor (Country, Settlement & Island) Faroese, Maltese
Faroese and Maltese form of Singapore.
Singapor (Country, Settlement & Island) Faroese, Maltese, Uyghur
Faroese, Maltese and Uyghur form of Singapore.
Sjælland (Island) Danish, Norwegian
Meaning uncertain. Perhaps a combination of Old Norse selr "seal" and the place name suffix -und. In Norse mythology, Sjælland was created by the god Gefion.
Sjanghæ (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Shanghai.
Sjimkent (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Shymkent.
Skandinavien (Region) Swedish, Danish, German
Swedish, Danish, and German form of Scandinavia.
Skåne (Political Subdivision) Swedish
Province and county in southern Sweden that was a part of Denmark until 1658. The name is likely derived from Old Norse Skáney (ultimately derived from the Germanic root *Skaðin-awjō) meaning "danger" or "damage"... [more]
Skellefteå (Settlement) Swedish
Combination of an unexplained first element, though it's believed to be of Sami origin, and the place name suffix -eå "river".
Slóvakía (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Slovakia.
Slóvenía (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Slovenia.
Södermanland (Political Subdivision) Swedish
Södermanland is a Swedish county and province meaning "land of the southern people". The southern people referred to people living south of Mälaren... [more]
Sófía (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Sofia.
Sofia (Settlement) English, Afrikaans, Armenian, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Thai
From Bulgarian София (Sofiya) named for the Saint Sophia Church, itself derived from Ancient Greek σοφία (sophia) meaning "wisdom" (see the given name Sophia)... [more]
Sofija (Settlement) Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Serbian, Slovene
Form of Sofia used in multiple languages as well as a Danish variant.
Sollefteå (Settlement) Swedish
Possibly a combination of Swedish sol "sun" and the place name suffix -eå "river". The river Ångermanälven runs through the town.
Solna (Settlement) Swedish
From Old Swedish Solnö, a combination of soln "sun" and ö "island". Solna is a suburb of Stockholm, Sweden.
Solomonöarna (Country & Island) Swedish
Swedish form of Solomon Islands.
Sómalía (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Somalia
Sønderborg (Settlement) Danish (Modern)
Town in Denmark located in North Slesvig specifically on the southern part of the island of Als and partly on the peninsula Jutland. Sønder meaning "southern" and borg meaning "castle"... [more]
Sør-afrika (Country) Norwegian
Norwegian form of South Africa.
Sörmland (Political Subdivision) Swedish
Shortened form of Södermanland.
Sotji (Settlement) Swedish, Danish
Swedish and Danish form of Sochi.
Spánn (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Spain.
Sparta (Settlement) English, Czech, Danish, Finnish, German, Icelandic, Manx, Polish, Ancient Greek, Ancient Roman
From Doric Greek Σπάρτα (Sparta) and Attic Greek Σπάρτη (Spartē), which is of uncertain origin but possibly derived from σπάρτον (sparton) meaning "rope, cable" - a reference to the cords laid as the city’s foundation boundaries, though this could be just a folk etymology.... [more]
Sri Lanka (Country & Island) Afrikaans, Albanian, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Sinhalese ශ්‍රී ලංකාව (ś‍rī laṁkāva) meaning "holy island", derived from Sanskrit श्री (śrī) meaning "holy, sacred" and लङ्का (laṅkā) meaning "island"... [more]