Scandinavian Submitted Place Names

Scandinavian names are used in the Scandinavia region of northern Europe. For more specific lists, see Swedish names, Danish names and Norwegian names. See also about Scandinavian names.
type
usage
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
Kuwait (Country) Arabic, Danish, English, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
Of uncertain meaning, possibly from the alleged Arabic root ك و ت (k-w-t) or from a word meaning "fortress built near water". This is the name of a country in Western Asia, usually written with the definite article: الكويت (al-Kuwait) in Arabic.
Kýpur (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Cyprus.
Laâyoune (Settlement) French, Afrikaans, Icelandic
French, Afrikaans and Icelandic form of Laayoune.
Lahtis (Settlement) Swedish
Swedish form of Lahti.
Lakonien (Political Subdivision & Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Laconia.
Lausitz (Region) German, Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, Icelandic, Norwegian, Swedish
German form of Lusatia, which some countries have adopted as their name for the Central European region.
Lesótó (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Lesotho.
Letgallen (Region) Danish, Dutch, Afrikaans
Danish, Dutch and Afrikaans form of Latgale.
Letland (Country) Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch
Afrikaans, Danish and Dutch form of Latvia.
Lettland (Country) Faroese, German, Icelandic, Swedish
Cognate of Latvia.
Líbanon (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Lebanon.
Líbería (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Liberia
Líbía (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Libya
Libya (Country) Northern African, Berber, English, Faroese, Finnish, Hausa, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian, Swahili, Tagalog, Turkish
From Arabic ليبيا‎ (Lībiyā) from Ancient Greek Λιβύη (Libúē), which is derived from Libu, the name of an ancient Berber tribe (attested as rbw in Egyptian)... [more]
Libyen (Country) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Libya.
Lilongwe (Political Subdivision, Settlement & River) English, Chewa, Danish, Dutch, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Polish, Romanian, Slovak, Swahili
From Chewa Lilongwe, of uncertain meaning. This is the name of a river and the capital city of Malawi, as well as the district around it.
Linköping (Settlement) Swedish
Combination of Swedish ljung "heather" and köping "marketplace". The name was first mentioned in Old Swedish as Liunga. kaupinga in 1103.
Litháen (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Lithuania.
Livland (Region) German, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian
German and Scandinavian form of Livonia.
Lofoten (Other) Norwegian
Modern definite form of Lófót which is a combination of Old Swedish "lynx" and Old Norse fótr "foot". Lofoten is a archipelago in Norway known for it's dramatic scenery.
Longyearbyen (Settlement) Norwegian
Means "the Longyear town" in Norwegian. Longyearbyen is the main settlement of the Norwegian archipelago Svalbard in the Arctic Ocean. The town was named after American businessman John Munro Longyear (1850-1922) whose company helped develop the settlement.
Lönneberga (Settlement) Swedish, Literature
Combination of Swedish lönn "maple" and berg "mountain". This is the name of a small village and parish in Småland, southern Sweden... [more]
Lovisa (Settlement) Swedish
Swedish form of Loviisa.
Luanda (Settlement & Other) English, Dutch, French, German, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Portuguese (Brazilian), Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish
From lu-, a plural marker in several Bantu languages, and ndandu, "value" or "object of commerce", referring to the shells of sea snails, which were used as currency in the ancient kingdoms of Kongo and Ndongo.... [more]
Luleå (Settlement) Swedish
Derived from the name of the Lule River (see Lule Älv). A combination of Lule Sami lulij "the people living in the east" (referring to forest Sami people) and the place name element -eå denoting the city's location near the river.
Lule Älv (River) Swedish
Combination of Lule Sami lulij "the people living in the east" (referring to forest Sami people), and Swedish älv "river".
Lusaka (Political Subdivision & Settlement) English, Chewa, Chinese, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Hebrew, Italian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish
From Lusaaka, the name of a local Lenje chief. This is the name of the capital city of Zambia, as well as the district and the province in which the city is located.
Lúsitanía (Political Subdivision & Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Lusitania.
Lusitanien (Political Subdivision & Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Lusitania.
Lúxemborg (Country & Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Luxembourg. This is the name of both the country and its capital.
Madrid (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Spanish, Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Asturian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Galician, German, Hebrew, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek
From the older name Magerit, which is of uncertain meaning and origin. It may be derived from Arabic اَلْمَجْرِيط‎ (al-majrīṭ) meaning "source of water", from Latin matrix meaning "mother, source, origin (of rivers)", or from Celtic mageto ritu meaning "great bridge"... [more]
Makedónía (Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Macedonia.
Malakka (Country, Political Subdivision, Settlement & Body of Water) Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Czech, Dutch, Finnish, German, Greek, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Turkish, Ukrainian
Form of Malacca.
Mälaren (Body of Water) Swedish
Derived from Old Norse mælir meaning "gravel". Mälaren is the third largest lake in Sweden.
Malasía (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Malaysia.
Malaysia (Country) Malay, English, Danish, German, Indonesian, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog
From the name of the Malay people combined with the Greek suffix σία (sia). The ethnic name itself is of uncertain origin. It may come from Melayu or Malayu, the name of an ancient Sumatran kingdom, itself possibly derived from Tamil மலை (malai) or Malayalam മല (mala) both meaning "hill, mountain" combined with Tamil ஊர் (ur) meaning "village, town"... [more]
Maldiverna (Country) Swedish
Swedish form of The Maldives.
Maldíveyjar (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Maldives
Mali (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Lao, Latvian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From the name of the Mali Empire, which was derived from Mandinka or Bambara mali meaning "hippopotamus" or "the place where the king lives". This is the name of a landlocked country in West Africa.
Malí (Country) Icelandic, Spanish
Icelandic and Spanish form of Mali.
Malmö (Settlement) Swedish
Newer form of Malmhaug meaning "gravel pile" or "ore hill". Malmö is the third largest city in Sweden.
Maputo (Settlement & River) English, Danish, Esperanto, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Slovak, Spanish
The city may have been named after Maputsu I of the Tembe clan, a subgroup of the Tsonga people found in Mozambique and South Africa, or after the Maputo River.... [more]
Mariefred (Settlement) Swedish
Swedish town named after a charterhouse called Pax Mariae "Maria's peace". A combination of the name Maria and Swedish fred "peace" (pax means "peace, harmony" in Latin).
Mariehamn (Settlement) Swedish, English
Mariehamn is the capital of Åland, named after Russian empress Maria Alexandrovna.
Mariestad (Settlement) Swedish
Means "Maria's town". It was founded in 1583 by Charles IX of Sweden and was named after his wife Maria of the Palatinate.... [more]
Máritanía (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Mauritania.
Maríuhöfn (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Mariehamn.
Marokkó (Country) Hungarian, Icelandic
Hungarian and Icelandic form of Morocco.
Masovien (Region) Danish, Swedish
Danish and Swedish form of Masovia.
Mauretanien (Country) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German, and Swedish form of Mauritania.
Mauritania (Country) Albanian, English, Finnish, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Spanish, Filipino, Tagalog
From Latin Maurītānia, itself from Maurus meaning "Moor", a historical name for the Muslims that inhabited Northern Africa and the Iberian Peninsula during the Middle Ages. This is the name of a country in West Africa.
Medelhavet (Body of Water) Swedish
Combination of Swedish medel "middle, centre, medium" and havet "the sea". This is the Swedish name of the Mediterranean Sea.
Medien (Political Subdivision & Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Media.
Messenien (Political Subdivision & Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Messenia.
Mexíkó (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Mexico.
Miðbaugs-gínea (Country) Icelandic
Combination of Icelandic miðbaugur "equator" and Gínea. This is the Icelandic name for Equatorial Guinea.
Miðjarðarhafið (Body of Water) Icelandic
Combination of Icelandic mið/ur "middle", jarðar (the genitive singular form of jörð) "earth" and haf "sea". This is the Icelandic name for the Mediterranean Sea.
Módena (Settlement) Asturian, Galician, Icelandic, Portuguese, Spanish
Icelandic, Portuguese and Spanish form of Modena.
Moldavien (Country) Swedish
Swedish form of Moldova.
Moldóva (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Moldova.
Moldova (Country) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Danish, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Latvian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Romanian, Turkish, Ukrainian
From the name of the Moldova River in eastern Romania, which is of uncertain origin and meaning. It may be from Slavic mold- meaning "spruce, fir" or *moldu meaning "tender, soft, young", from Old German molde meaning "open-pit mine", or Gothic Mulda meaning "dust, dirt"... [more]
Moluckerna (Region) Swedish
Swedish form of Moluccas, which is a common alternative name for the Maluku Islands.
Molukkene (Region) Norwegian
Norwegian form of Moluccas, which is a common alternative name for the Maluku Islands.
Molukkerne (Region) Danish
Danish form of Moluccas, which is a common alternative name for the Maluku Islands.
Mónakó (Country & Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Monaco.
Mongólía (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Mongolia.
Montenegro (Country) Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Luxembourgish, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish
Means "black mountain" in Venetian, originally a calque of the Montenegrin name Црна Гора (Crna Gora) referring to Mount Lovćen... [more]
Mósambík (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Mozambique.
München (Settlement) German, Danish, Dutch, Faroese, Finnish, Hungarian, Norwegian, Swedish
Means "by the monks", ultimately derived from Old High German munih or Middle High German mün(e)ch. München is the third largest city in Germany.
Nacka (Settlement) Swedish
From Swedish nacke "mountain ridge". Nacka is a part of Stockholm urban area.
Nairobi (Settlement & River) English (British), English (American), Danish, Finnish, French, Hebrew, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese (Brazilian), Slovak, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish
From Maasai enkare nyrobi, which means "cold water" or "cold river". This is the name of a river and the capital city of Kenya.
Namibía (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Namibia
Namibia (Country) Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Danish, English, Finnish, Georgian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Urdu
From the name of the Namib Desert, derived from Khoekhoe namib meaning "desert" or "vast place". This is the name of a country in southern Africa.
Närke (Region) Swedish
Närke is Swedish historical province. The name is believed to be derived from the word när meaning "ridge, hill" (not to be confused with the word nära "close, near").
Nay Pyi Taw (Settlement) English, Norwegian, Occitan, Slovak
English variant of Naypyidaw as well as the Norwegian, Occitan, and Slovak form.
Niamey (Settlement) English, Armenian, Danish, Finnish, French, Italian, Slovak, Spanish
Of uncertain origin; there are several theories on the origin of the name. It may be derived from a combination of Zarma words nia ("tree") and me ("shore where water is drawn"), or from the phrase "Wa niammané" ("take this city"), reportedly said by a Kalle clan chief... [more]
Nidelva (River) Norwegian
The name of a river that runs through Trondheim, and the name of a river in southern Norway. The name is a combination of the words elv "river" and nid (of unknown meaning).
Nígería (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Nigeria
Nikaragúa (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Nicaragua
Nikósía (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Nicosia.
Nilen (River) Danish, Norwegian, Swedish
Danish, Norwegian and Swedish form of Nile.
Nordamerika (Region) Swedish, Danish, German
Swedish, Danish and German form of North America.
Norden (Region) Swedish, Danish, Norwegian
Swedish, Danish and Norwegian name for The Nordic countries, meaning literally "the North". Norden is a geographical and cultural region consisting of Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Finland and Iceland... [more]
Nordkorea (Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of North Korea.
Nordland (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the Norwegian words nord meaning "north" and land meaning "country."... [more]
Nordmakedonien (Country) Swedish
Swedish form of North Macedonia.
Noreg (Country) Norwegian (Nynorsk), Faroese
Nynorsk and Faroese form of Norge.
Noregur (Country) Icelandic, Faroese (Rare, Archaic)
Icelandic form of Norðvegr, the Old Norse form of Norway.
Norrland (Region) Swedish
Literally means "Northland" in Swedish. Norrland is one of three lands of Sweden, the others being Götaland and Svealand.
Norður-kórea (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of North Korea
Norður-Makedónía (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of North Macedonia.
Nya Zeeland (Country & Island) Swedish
Swedish form of New Zealand.
Odense (Settlement) Danish
From Old Norse Óðinn's vé meaning "Odin's sanctuary". This is the 3rd largest city in Denmark and the birthplace of Hans Christian Andersen (1805-1875), the author of fairy tales such as 'The Little Mermaid' (1837), and 'The Snow Queen' (1844).
Óman (Country) Icelandic, Irish
Icelandic and Irish form of Oman
Oman (Country) Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uyghur
From Arabic عمان‎ (ʿUmān), which is of disputed etymology. It may be from Arabic عُمَانَة (ʿumāna), a byname for the historical city of Sohar (presently located in Al Batinah North Governorate, Oman), which is probably derived from the root ع م ن‎ (ʿ-m-n) meaning "to settle, to remain, to dwell"... [more]
Øppland (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the Old Norse upp meaning "up, upper" and lǫnd meaning "lands." The inner regions of Norway were called Upplǫnd in Norse times.... [more]
Örebro (Settlement) Swedish
Combination of Swedish ör, an archaic word meaning "gravel", and Bro "bridge. ... [more]
Osj (Settlement) Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Norwegian, Swedish
Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Norwegian and Swedish form of Osh.
Ósló (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Oslo.
Oslo (Settlement) Norwegian
Meaning uncertain. Possibly a combination of Old Norse áss meaning either "ridge" or "Æsir god", and "meadow, clearing". Oslo is the capital city of Norway... [more]
Ossetien (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Ossetia.
Österbotten (Political Subdivision & Region) Swedish, Danish, Dutch, German, Norwegian
Swedish form of Ostrobothnia, which some countries have adopted as their name for the Finnish region and the historical Swedish province.
Östergötland (Region) Swedish
A county (län) and historical province in Sweden. Östergötland means "Eastern Götaland". ... [more]
Österrike (Country) Swedish
Swedish form of Austria.
Østerrike (Country) Norwegian
Norwegian for Austria.
Östersjön (Body of Water) Swedish
Means "the eastern sea" in Swedish. This is the Swedish name for the Baltic Sea.
Østfold (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the old name of the Olsofjord fold and the Norwegian word øst. The name means, "the region east of the fold."... [more]
Östtimor (Country) Swedish
Swedish form of East Timor.
Ouagadougou (Settlement) English, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Mossi, Norwegian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Welsh
From Mossi Wogodogo, meaning "where honor and respect are received". This is the name of the capital city of Burkina Faso
Paionien (Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Paionia (see Paeonia).
Palestína (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Palestine
Panama (Country) Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Irish, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Khmer, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lao, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Spanish Panamá of uncertain meaning. It may be derived from the name of a tree commonly found in the area (genus Sterculia), from an indigenous word meaning "many butterflies", from Kuna bannaba meaning "distant, far away", or from a Guaraní word meaning "place of many fish"... [more]
Papua Nya Guinea (Country) Swedish
Swedish form of Papua New Guinea.
Paragvæ (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Paraguay.
Parþía (Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Parthia.
Pelagonien (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Pelagonia.
Penang (Political Subdivision & Island) Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Spanish, Turkish
From Malay Pulau Pinang meaning "betel palm island", from pinang meaning "betel nut" or "betel palm" (a type of tree). This is the name of an island and state in Malaysia.
Piemonte (Political Subdivision) Italian, Danish, Galician, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese (Brazilian), Portuguese, Swedish, Venetian
Italian and Portuguese form of Piedmont, a region in northern Italy.
Pjongjang (Settlement) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Dutch, Finnish, Icelandic, Macedonian, Polish, Serbian, Slovene
Form of Pyongyang. In Belgium and the Netherlands, this spelling is technically considered dated but still used regularly there (especially in Belgium)... [more]
Podlasien (Region) Swedish, German
Swedish form of Podlachia as well as a German variant of Podlachien.
Pólland (Country) Faroese, Icelandic
Faroese and Icelandic form of Poland.
Polynesien (Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German, Swedish form of Polynesia.
Pomesanien (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Pomesania.
Portúgal (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Portugal.
Portúgali (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Portugal
Puerto Rico (Political Subdivision) Spanish, Afrikaans, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish
Means "rich port" in Spanish. Puerto Rico is a Caribbean island and unincorporated U.S. territory with a landscape of mountains, waterfalls and the El Yunque tropical rainforest. In San Juan, the capital and largest city, the Isla Verde area is known for its hotel strip, beach bars and casinos... [more]
Pyrenæerne (Mountain) Danish
Danish form of Pyrenees.
Pyreneene (Mountain) Norwegian
Norwegian form of Pyrenees.
Pyrenéerna (Mountain) Swedish
Swedish form of Pyrenees.
Qatar (Country) Arabic, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Persian, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
From Catharrei, the name given to the inhabitants of region by Roman writer Pliny the Elder, which may have been based on the name of a local settlement. The name Catara was later used by Greek astronomer Ptolemy to refer to the peninsula, which was eventually transmitted into Arabic... [more]
Quito (Settlement) English, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Slovak, Spanish
From the Quitu tribe, whose name is derived from the combination of the Tsafiki words quitso ("center") and to ("world"). This is the name of the capital city of Ecuador.
Rangoon (Settlement) Danish, Dutch, Swedish, English (Archaic)
Historical English form of Yangon based on the Arakanese pronunciation of the city's name. It is also the standard Danish, Dutch and Swedish form.
Republiken Kongo (Country) Swedish
Swedish official form of Republic of the Congo (see Congo). Often referred to as Kongo-Brazzaville to differentiate it from Demokratiska Republiken Kongo (often called Kongo-Kinshasa).
Reykjavík (Settlement) Icelandic
Means "bay of smokes", from Old Norse reykir, plural of reykr “smoke” and vík "bay". Steam from hot springs in the region is said to have inspired Reykjavík's name.
Rhen (River) Swedish
Swedish form of Rhine.
Rhinen (River) Danish, Norwegian
Danish and Norwegian form of Rhine.
Riksgränsen (Settlement) Swedish
Means "the national border" in Swedish. Riksgränsen is a small village and popular ski-resort in Northern Sweden, close to the Norwegian border.
Rín (River) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Rhine.
Rogaland (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the Old Norse rygir (probably the name of a Germanic tribe) and and lǫnd meaning "lands." ... [more]
Roslagen (Region) Swedish
Derived from roslag, an old dialectal word meaning "rowing crew", ultimately derived from Old Swedish *roþs- "rowing". Compare Rus, and modern Swedish ro "to row".
Rúanda (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Rwanda
Rúmenía (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Romania.
Samarien (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Samaria.
Sambía (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic from of Zambia
Samland (Region) Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, German, Norwegian, Swedish
The name used for Sambia in the West and North Germanic languages.
San Marínó (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of San Marino.
São Paulo (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Portuguese, English, French, German, Norwegian
Portuguese form of Saint Paul. This is the name of a city and a state in Brazil.
Sápmi (Region) Sami, Swedish, English
Perhaps ultimately derived from Proto-Balto-Slavic *źemē meaning "earth". Suomi, the Finnish name for Finland, is believed to be derived from the same root... [more]
Sardinia (Region & Island) Basque, English, Finnish, Georgian, Greek, Norwegian, Romanian
An island which is also one of the 20 regions of Italy.
Sardinien (Political Subdivision & Island) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Sardinia.
Saudiarabien (Country) Swedish
Swedish form of Saudi Arabia.
Semgallen (Region) Danish, Dutch, German, Swedish
Danish, Dutch, German and Swedish form of Semigallia.
Senja (Island) Norwegian
An island and a municipality in Troms county, Norway. The meaning of the name is officially unknown, but it could come from the word sundr which means "split apart" or "tear"... [more]
Seychellene (Country) Norwegian
Norwegian form of Seychelles.
Seychellerna (Country) Swedish
Swedish form of Seychelles.
Seychellerne (Country) Danish
Danish form of Seychelles.
Sibirien (Region) Danish, German, Luxembourgish, Swedish
Danish, German, Luxembourgish and Swedish form of Siberia.
Sicilia (Political Subdivision & Island) Ancient Roman, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Spanish, Tagalog
Ancient Roman (i.e. Classical Latin) form of Sicily, which some modern countries have adopted as their name for the island.
Sicilien (Political Subdivision & Island) Danish, Swedish
Danish and Swedish form of Sicily.
Síle (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Chile.
Sinai (Region & Mountain) Biblical, Hebrew, Albanian, Danish, English, German, Italian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish
Biblical place name, both the mountain upon which Moses receives the Ten Commandments from God and the desert where it is located, found between Canaan and Egypt.... [more]
Singapor (Country, Settlement & Island) Faroese, Maltese
Faroese and Maltese form of Singapore.
Singapore (Country, Settlement & Island) English, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog
From Malay Singapura meaning "lion city", derived from Sanskrit सिंह (sinha) meaning "lion" and पुर (pura) meaning "city"... [more]
Singapúr (Country, Settlement & Island) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Singapore
Sjælland (Island) Danish, Norwegian
Meaning uncertain. Perhaps a combination of Old Norse selr "seal" and the place name suffix -und. In Norse mythology, Sjælland was created by the god Gefion.
Sjanghæ (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Shanghai.
Sjimkent (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Shymkent.
Skandinavien (Region) Swedish, Danish, German
Swedish, Danish, and German form of Scandinavia.
Skåne (Political Subdivision) Swedish
Province and county in southern Sweden that was a part of Denmark until 1658. The name is likely derived from Old Norse Skáney (ultimately derived from the Germanic root *Skaðin-awjō) meaning "danger" or "damage"... [more]
Skellefteå (Settlement) Swedish
Combination of an unexplained first element, though it's believed to be of Sami origin, and the place name suffix -eå "river".
Slóvakía (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Slovakia.
Slóvenía (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Slovenia.
Södermanland (Political Subdivision) Swedish
Södermanland is a Swedish county and province meaning "land of the southern people". The southern people referred to people living south of Mälaren... [more]
Sollefteå (Settlement) Swedish
Possibly a combination of Swedish sol "sun" and the place name suffix -eå "river". The river Ångermanälven runs through the town.
Solna (Settlement) Swedish
From Old Swedish Solnö, a combination of soln "sun" and ö "island". Solna is a suburb of Stockholm, Sweden.
Solomonöarna (Country & Island) Swedish
Swedish form of Solomon Islands.
Sómalía (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Somalia
Sønderborg (Settlement) Danish (Modern)
Town in Denmark located in North Slesvig specifically on the southern part of the island of Als and partly on the peninsula Jutland. Sønder meaning "southern" and borg meaning "castle"... [more]
Sörmland (Political Subdivision) Swedish
Shortened form of Södermanland.
Sotji (Settlement) Swedish, Danish
Swedish and Danish form of Sochi.
Spánn (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Spain.
Sparta (Settlement) English, Czech, Danish, Finnish, German, Icelandic, Manx, Polish, Ancient Greek, Ancient Roman, History
From Doric Greek Σπάρτα (Sparta) and Attic Greek Σπάρτη (Spartē), which is of uncertain origin but possibly derived from σπάρτον (sparton) meaning "rope, cable" - a reference to the cords laid as the city’s foundation boundaries, though this could be just a folk etymology.... [more]
Sri Lanka (Country & Island) Afrikaans, Albanian, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Sinhalese ශ්‍රී ලංකාව (ś‍rī laṁkāva) meaning "holy island", derived from Sanskrit श्री (śrī) meaning "holy, sacred" and लङ्का (laṅkā) meaning "island"... [more]
Steiermark (Political Subdivision & Region) German, Danish, Finnish, Icelandic, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Swedish
German form of Styria, which some countries have adopted as their name for both the Austrian state and the Austro-Slovenian region.
Stilla Havet (Body of Water) Swedish
Means "the calm sea" in Swedish, from stilla "still, calm" and havet "the sea". This is the Swedish name for the Pacific Ocean.
Stokkhólmur (Settlement) Icelandic, Faroese
Icelandic and Faroese form of Stockholm.
Stóra-bretland (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Great Britain.
Stórabretland (Country) Faroese
Faroese form of Great Britain, used as a name for United Kingdom.
Storbritannien (Region) Swedish, Danish
Swedish and Danish form of Great Britain, also used when referring to United Kingdom.
Storsjön (Body of Water) Swedish
Means "the great lake" in Swedish (from stor "big, great, large" and sjön "the lake"). Storsjön is the 5th largest lake in Sweden, but it's also known for being the supposed home of Storsjöodjuret ("The Great-Lake monster"), a lake monster similar to the one in Loch Ness.
Stóðgarður (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Stuttgart.
Strängnäs (Settlement) Swedish
Combination of an uncertain first element (possibly from a word describing a snare used for hunting, but other meanings are possible), and Swedish näs "isthmus". On June 6 in 1523, Gustaf Vasa was elected king of Sweden here... [more]
Suchumi (Settlement) Czech, Polish, Swedish
Czech, Polish and Swedish form of Sukhumi.
Súdan (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Sudan
Sudetene (Mountain) Norwegian
Norwegian form of Sudetes.
Sudeterna (Mountain) Swedish
Swedish form of Sudetes.
Sudeterne (Mountain) Danish
Danish form of Sudetes.
Súmatra (Political Subdivision & Island) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Sumatra.
Surtsey (Island) Icelandic
Means "Surtr's island" in Icelandic. Surtsey is an uninhabited island south of Iceland that formed in a volcanic eruption (which lasted several years) in the mid-1960s.
Suður-kórea (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of South Korea
Suðurkorea (Country) Faroese
Faroese form of South Korea
Svalbard (Political Subdivision) Norwegian, English, Swedish
Originally from Old Norse Svalbarð, composed of svalr "cold" and barð "edge, ridge". Svalbard is a Norwegian archipelago in the Arctic Ocean located right between continental Norway and the North Pole.
Svartfjallaland (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Montenegro, from Icelandic svartur "black", fjall "mountain" and land "country".
Svealand (Region) Swedish
Means "land of the Swedes" (see Svea). The Swedes were a North Germanic tribe inhabiting present-day Sweden. ... [more]
Svea Rike (Country) Swedish (Archaic)
Older form of Sverige.
Sviss (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Switzerland.
Svíþjóð (Country) Icelandic
Combination of Icelandic Svíi "Swede" and þjóð "a people, a nation". This is the Icelandic form of Sweden.
Svøríki (Country) Faroese
Faroese cognate of Sverige. This is the Faroese form of Sweden
Sydafrika (Country) Danish, Swedish
Danish and Swedish form of South Africa.
Sydamerika (Region) Swedish, Danish
Swedish and Danish form of South America.
Sydkorea (Country) Swedish, Danish
Swedish and Danish form of South Korea.
Tadsjikistan (Country) Danish, Faroese, Norwegian
Danish, Faroese and Norwegian form of Tajikistan.
Tadzjikistan (Country) Dutch, Swedish
Dutch and Swedish form of Tajikistan.
Taíland (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Thailand.
Taívan (Country & Island) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Taiwan.
Taivan (Country) Faroese
Faroese form of Taiwan
Tallinn (Settlement) Estonian, English, Danish, Dutch, French, German, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish
Capital of Estonia and previously known as Reval until 1918. The meaning of the name is uncertain, but it is believed to be derived from Estonian Taani-linn(a) meaning "Danish castle" or "Danish town".
Tammerfors (Settlement) Swedish
Combination of an unknown first element and Swedish fors "rapid". This is the Swedish name of Tampere.
Tansanía (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Tanzania
Tasjkent (Settlement) Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Norwegian, Swedish
Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Norwegian and Swedish form of Tashkent.
Tavastland (Political Subdivision) Swedish, Danish, Dutch
Swedish form of Tavastia, which some countries have adopted as their name for the historical Swedish province that is now part of Finland.
Tékkland (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Čechy, used as a name for the Czech Republic (see Czechia).
Telemark (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From teler the name of an old Germanic tribe and the Old Norse mǫrk meaning "woodland, borderland, or march/mark."... [more]
Téténía (Political Subdivision) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Chechnya.
Thingvellir (Other) Icelandic
The ancient site of the Icelandic government, now a national park. From the Scandinavian 'Þingvöllr', meaning "the meeting place of the assembly".
Þórshöfn (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Tórshavn.
Þýskaland (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic cognate of Deutschland.
Tingvoll (Region) Norwegian
A municipality in Norway. From the Scandinavian 'Þingvöllr', meaning "the meeting place of the assembly".
Tjeckoslovakien (Country) Swedish
Combination of Tjeckien and Slovakien, thus making it the Swedish form of Czechoslovakia.
Tjerkessien (Country & Region) Swedish
Swedish form of Circassia.
Tjetjenien (Political Subdivision) Danish, Swedish
Danish and Swedish form of Chechnya.
Togo (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Korean, Latvian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Means "land where lagoons lie" from Ewe to meaning "water" and go meaning "shore". Togo, officially the Togolese Republic, is a country in West Africa bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north.
Tórshavn (Settlement) Faroese
Means "Thor's harbour" in Faroese. Tórshavn is the capital and largest city of the Faroe Islands.
Transdanubia (Region) English, Finnish, Norwegian, Romanian, Spanish
Means "beyond the river Danube", derived from Latin trans meaning "across, beyond" combined with the Latin noun Danubius meaning "the river Danube".... [more]
Transdanubien (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Transdanubia.
Transkarpatia (Region) Norwegian
Norwegian form of Transcarpathia.
Transkarpatien (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Transcarpathia.
Transkaspia (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
Norwegian form of Transcaspia.
Transkaspien (Political Subdivision) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Transcaspia.
Transkaukasia (Region) Basque, Finnish, Norwegian
Basque, Finnish and Norwegian form of Transcaucasia.
Transkaukasien (Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Transcaucasia.
Transnistria (Political Subdivision & Region) Basque, English, Estonian, Finnish, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Spanish
Means "beyond the river Dniester", derived from Latin trans meaning "across, beyond" combined with the Romanian noun Nistru meaning "the river Dniester".... [more]
Transnistrien (Political Subdivision & Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Transnistria.
Transoxanien (Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Transoxiana via its Latin form Transoxania.
Transsylvanien (Region) Danish, Swedish
Danish and Swedish form of Transylvania.
Trelleborg (Settlement) Swedish
Derived from the word trelleborg meaning "ring fort" or "Viking ring fortress", referring to a type of circular forts built during the Viking Age. The word trelleborg itself might be a combination of Old Norse þræll "slave" or trel "wooden staves" and borg "fortress, castle".
Tripolitanien (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Tripolitania.
Troms (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
A county in Norway. The name comes from the Norse word trums and could mean "stream" or "streaming water".
Tromsø (Settlement) Norwegian
From the name of an island, Tromsøya (Old Norse: Trums), whose name is derived from Old Norse straumr possibly meaning "stream, strong current". Tromsø is a city in northern Norway. See also: Troms
Trondheim (Settlement) Norwegian
Trondheim is the third largest city in Norway. It was originally named Nidaros but known colloquially as kaupangr "marketplace" or kaupangr í Þróndheimi "the marketplace in Trondheim/Trøndelag" which was later shortened to just Þróndheimr... [more]
Tsjerkessia (Region) Norwegian
Norwegian form of Circassia.
Tsjetsjenia (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
Norwegian form of Chechnya.
Tuna (Other) Swedish
Derived from Old Norse tún meaning "enclosure, fence, homestead, courtyard, plot". This is the name of many localities and parishes in Sweden. It is also a common place-name element (see Eskilstuna).
Tunesien (Country) Danish, German
Danish and German form of Tunisia
Tunis (Country & Settlement) Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
Meaning uncertain, possibly from the Tamazight root ens meaning "to lie down, to pass the night" or from the name of the Phoenician goddess Tanith... [more]
Tunisia (Country) Basque, English, Finnish, Galician, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Swahili, Thai
The name of a country in North Africa, named after its capital city Tunis.
Tunisien (Country) Swedish
Swedish form of Tunisia.
Turkiet (Country) Swedish
Swedish form of Turkey.
Túrkmenistan (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan (Country) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Faroese, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog, Ukrainian
From Turkmen Türkmenistan, which is from the name of the Turkmen people combined with the Persian suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". The ethnic name is believed by some to mean "resembling a Turk" or "co-Turk", from the name of the Turkic peoples combined with the Sogdian suffix -myn or -men... [more]
Tyrkiet (Country) Danish
Danish form of Turkey
Tyrkland (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Turkey.
Udmurtien (Political Subdivision) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German, and Swedish form of Udmurtia.
Úkraína (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Ukraine.
Ukraine (Country) Danish, English, French, German, Malay
From Ukrainian Україна (Ukrayina) which is from Old East Slavic украина (ukraina) meaning "boundary, borderland, outskirts", derived from оу (u) meaning "at" and краи (krai) meaning "edge, end, rim"... [more]
Ulan Bator (Settlement) Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, English, Finnish, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog
Form of Ulaanbaatar used in various languages as well as an English variant of the name.
Uleåborg (Settlement) Swedish
Combination of Ule, the name of a river whose name derives from the Finnish dialectal word oulu "floodwater", Swedish å "river, stream", and borg "castle, fortification"... [more]
Umeå (Settlement) Swedish
From the name of the Ume River. Possibly derived from Old Norse úma "roaring" and the place name element -eå denoting the city's location near the river. Another theory is that the name is derived from Finnish uoma "riverbed".
Ungverjaland (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Hungary.
Uppland (Region) Swedish
Uppland is a Swedish historical province. The name is a combination of Swedish upp "up" and land "land". The name is believed to refer to its location north of Lake Mälaren.
Uppsala (Settlement) Swedish
Means "upstream from Sala", from Old Norse upp "up" and salir "halls, rooms". Sala was a village located downstream from Uppsala (it is nowadays a neighbourhood known as Sala backe)... [more]
Uppsalir (Settlement) Old Norse, Icelandic
Old Norse and Icelandic form of Uppsala.
Vadstena (Settlement) Swedish
Probably a combination of Old Swedish *vazt "place to fish" and sten "stone". Vadstena is a city in Sweden that had an important role in Sweden's early Christian history. Saint Bridget (Heliga Birgitta) founded the Bridgettine Order here at the Vadstena Abbey in the 14th centry.
Vanda (Settlement) Swedish
Swedish form of Vantaa.
Vänern (Body of Water) Swedish
Meaning uncertain. One theory is that the name is derived from Old Swedish vænir and therefore related to Archaic Swedish words vån "hope, prospect" and vän "beautiful, fair"... [more]
Värmland (Political Subdivision) Swedish
Swedish county and province. The name could be derived from Swedish värma meaning "warmth, to heat up".