Place Names with Relationship "from different language"

This is a list of place names in which the relationship is from different language.
type
usage
form
Aasia (Region) Finnish, Estonian
Finnish and Estonian form of Asia.
Abilene (Region) Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Probably from Hebrew אָבֵל ('avel) meaning "meadow, grassy place". This is the name of a place briefly mentioned in the New Testament.
Aegyptus (Country) Ancient Roman
Latin form of Egypt.
Aethiopia (Country) Ancient Roman
Latin form of Ethiopia.
Afeganistão (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Afghanistan.
Afganistán (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of Afghanistan.
Afghanistan (Country) Pashto, Arabic, Urdu, Indian, Hindi, English, German, Dutch, French, Italian, Malay
From Pashto افغانستان (Afghanistan), from the Persian ethnic name افغان (Afkhan) meaning "Afghan, Pashtun" combined with the Persian suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". This is the name of a country in central Asia.
África (Region) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of Africa.
Àfrica (Region) Catalan
Catalan form of Africa.
Africa (Region) English, Italian, Romanian, Ancient Roman
Of Latin origin, possibly from the Afri people who lived near Carthage in North Africa.
Afrika (Region) German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Russian, Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Serbian, Bulgarian
Form of Africa in several languages.
Afrique (Region) French
French form of Africa.
Afryka (Region) Polish, Ukrainian
Polish and Ukrainian form of Africa.
Ägypten (Country) German
German form of Egypt.
Alexandria (Settlement) English, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek given name Ἀλέξανδρος (see Alexander), bestowed by Alexander the Great upon the cities he founded or conquered. This is the name of many cities throughout the world, notably in Egypt.
Alger (Settlement) French, Romanian
French and Romanian form of Algiers.
Algeri (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of Algiers.
Algier (Settlement) German, Polish
German and Polish form of Algiers.
Algiers (Settlement) English, Dutch
From Arabic الجزائر (al-Jaza'ir) meaning "the islands". This is the name of the capital city of Algeria, so named because of the islands in its bay.
Alma (River) Crimean Tatar, Ukrainian, Russian, English
From Crimean Tatar alma meaning "apple". This is the name of a river in Crimea, notable as the site of a 1854 battle in the Crimean War.
América (Region) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of America, used to refer to the continents.
Amèrica (Region) Catalan
Catalan form of America, used to refer to the continents.
America (Region & Country) English, Italian, Romanian, Late Roman
From the name of the explorer Amerigo Vespucci (1451-1512). This is the name of two continents (North and South America). As well, it is commonly used to refer to the United States of America.
Amerika (Region & Country) German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Luxembourgish, Latvian, Lithuanian, Russian, Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Hungarian, Hebrew, Albanian, Turkish, Azerbaijani, Armenian, Georgian, Tatar, Bashkir, Chechen, Kazakh, Uzbek, Indonesian, Malay, Japanese
Form of America, used to refer to the continents and sometimes to the United States of America.
Amérique (Region & Country) French
French form of America.
Ameryka (Region & Country) Polish, Ukrainian
Polish and Ukrainian form of America, used to refer to the continents and the United States of America.
Amrika (Region & Country) Arabic, Persian
Arabic and Persian form of America, used to refer to the continents and the United States of America.
Amsterdam (Settlement) Dutch, English, German, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, French, Polish
Means "dam on the Amstel" in Dutch. This is the name of the capital city of the Netherlands, first mentioned with this name in the 13th century.
Anatolia (Region) Late Roman, English
Latin form of Greek ἀνατολή (anatole) meaning "sunrise", a term used by the Greeks to refer to the peninsula to the east (modern Turkey).
Angel (Region) Danish
Possibly derived from Germanic roots meaning "narrow, tight, tapering" or "hook". This is the name of a peninsula in northern Germany near Denmark, the original home of the Germanic tribe the Angles.
Angeln (Region) German
German form of Angel.
Angleterre (Country) French
French form of Anglae Terra, used as the French name of England.
Anglia (Country & Region) Late Roman, Polish, Hungarian, Romanian, Greek, Albanian, Armenian
Late Latin form of England (and also of Angel).
Angliya (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of England.
Angola (Country) Portuguese, English, Spanish, French, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Russian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Hungarian, Romanian, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Albanian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Turkish, Georgian, Armenian, Indonesian, Malay
Portuguese form of Ngola, the royal title of the kings of Ndongo, an African kingdom that was conquered by the Portuguese in the 17th-century. It was a Portuguese colony until 1975, when it became an independent country.
Antwerp (Settlement) English
From Dutch Antwerpen, meaning uncertain, perhaps from Dutch werf meaning "wharf". This is the name of a city in Belgium.
Antwerpen (Settlement) Dutch, German, Luxembourgish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, Hungarian, Slovene, Croatian, Bosnian
Dutch form of Antwerp, as well as the form in several other languages.
Anvers (Settlement) French
French form of Antwerp.
Ararat (Mountain) Armenian, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew, Ancient Near Eastern
From the name of the ancient kingdom of Urartu. This is the name of a mountain in Turkey (formerly part of Armenia), the place where Noah's Ark came to rest according to the Old Testament.
Argel (Settlement) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of Algiers.
Argentiina (Country) Finnish, Estonian
Finnish form of Argentina, as well as an Estonian variant.
Argentína (Country) Hungarian, Slovak, Icelandic
Hungarian, Slovak and Icelandic form of Argentina.
Argentīna (Country) Latvian
Latvian form of Argentina.
Argentina (Country) Spanish, English, Portuguese, Italian, Russian, Romanian, Czech, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Estonian, Lithuanian, Georgian, Azerbaijani, Indonesian, Malay
From Latin argentinus meaning "silvery", a derivative of argentum meaning "silver". This is the name of a country in South America, arising from a Latinized form of Spanish Río de la Plata meaning "river of silver".
Argentine (Country) French
French form of Argentina.
Argentini (Country) Greek
Greek form of Argentina.
Argentinië (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of Argentina.
Argentinien (Country) German
German form of Argentina.
Argentyna (Country) Polish
Polish form of Argentina.
Arhentyna (Country) Ukrainian
Ukrainian form of Argentina.
Ariha (Settlement) Arabic
Arabic form of Jericho.
Arimathaea (Settlement) Biblical Latin
Latin form of Arimathea.
Arimathea (Settlement) Biblical
From Greek Ἁριμαθαία (Harimathaia), of unknown meaning. In the New Testament this is the home town of Joseph of Arimathea. The town has not been positively identified, though רָמָתַיִם (Ramatayim) or רָמָה (Ramah) near Jerusalem has been proposed.
Arjantin (Country) Turkish
Turkish form of Argentina.
Arménia (Country) Portuguese (European)
European Portuguese form of Armenia.
Armênia (Country) Portuguese (Brazilian)
Brazilian Portuguese form of Armenia.
Armenia (Country) English, Spanish, Italian, Romanian, Polish, Greek, Norwegian, Finnish, Indonesian, Malay, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
From Greek Ἀρμενία (Armenia), which was from Old Persian Armina, which is itself probably of Armenian origin. This is the name of a country in the Caucasus region, called Hayastan in Armenian.
Arménie (Country) French, Czech
French and Czech form of Armenia.
Armenië (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of Armenia.
Armenien (Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of Armenia.
Armėnija (Country) Lithuanian
Lithuanian form of Armenia.
Armēnija (Country) Latvian
Latvian form of Armenia.
Armenija (Country) Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene
Croatian, Bosnian and Slovene form of Armenia.
Armeniya (Country) Russian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Bengali
Russian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz and Bengali form of Armenia.
Arminiya (Country) Indian, Hindi
Hindi form of Armenia.
Ashur (Settlement & Region) English, Arabic, Persian, Akkadian
From Akkadian 𒀸𒋩 (Assur), meaning unknown. This was the capital city of the Assyrian Empire, supposedly named for the god Ashur, though the god was in fact probably named for the city. The empire, Assyria, was also named for it. The city was destroyed in the 14th century by the forces of Tamerlane.... [more]
Ásia (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Asia.
Asia (Region) English, Italian, Spanish, Romanian, Greek, Norwegian, Indonesian, Malay, Ancient Greek
Perhaps derived from Akkadian asu, meaning "east". This is the name of the world's largest continent.
Asie (Region) French, Czech
French and Czech form of Asia.
Asien (Region) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of Asia.
Asís (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Assisi.
Assiria (Region) Italian
Italian form of Assyria.
Assise (Settlement) French
French form of Assisi.
Assisi (Settlement) Italian, English, German
From Latin Asisium, which is of unknown, possibly pre-Latin, origin. This is the name of a city in central Italy.
Assyria (Region) English, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
From Greek Ἀσσυρία (Assyria), derived from Akkadian Ashurayu, itself from the name of the empire's capital city Ashur. This was the name of an ancient Mesopotamian kingdom and empire.
Assyrie (Region) French
French form of Assyria.
Atenas (Settlement) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of Athens.
Atene (Settlement) Italian, Slovene
Italian and Slovene form of Athens.
Athen (Settlement) German, Danish, Norwegian
German, Danish and Norwegian form of Athens.
Athenae (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Latin form of Athens.
Athènes (Settlement) French
French form of Athens.
Athens (Settlement) English
From Ancient Greek Ἀθήναι (Athenai), meaning unknown, probably from a pre-Greek language. The Greek goddess Athena was probably named for the city, not vice versa. Athens is a city in eastern Greece, emerging as a powerful city-state in the classical period. It has been the capital of the modern country of Greece since 1834.
Athina (Settlement) Greek, Arabic
Modern Greek and Arabic form of Athens.
Äthiopien (Country) German
German form of Ethiopia.
Atina (Settlement) Bulgarian, Serbian, Croatian, Macedonian, Turkish
Bulgarian, Serbian, Croatian, Macedonian and Turkish form of Athens.
Atlantic (Body of Water) English
From Greek Ἀτλαντικός (Atlantikos), derived from the name of the mythical island of Atlantis. Greek writers used this name to refer to the waters beyond the Pillars of Hercules (the Strait of Gibraltar).
Atlanticus (Body of Water) Ancient Roman
Latin form of Atlantic.
Attica (Region) English, Ancient Roman
From Greek Ἀττική (Attike), derived from the name of the city of Ἀθήναι (see Athens). This is the name of the peninsula where Athens is located.
Austrália (Region & Country) Portuguese, Slovak
Portuguese and Slovak form of Australia.
Australia (Region & Country) English, Italian, Spanish, Norwegian, Finnish, Polish, Indonesian, Malay
Derived from Latin australis meaning "southern". It was formally adopted as the name of the continent (and later country) by the British administrators of the region in 1824.
Austrálie (Region & Country) Czech
Czech form of Australia.
Australie (Region & Country) French
French form of Australia.
Australië (Region & Country) Dutch
Dutch form of Australia.
Australien (Region & Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of Australia.
Austrālija (Region & Country) Latvian
Latvian form of Australia.
Australija (Region & Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Lithuanian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian and Lithuanian form of Australia.
Avganistan (Country) Serbian, Macedonian
Serbian and Macedonian form of Afghanistan.
Avstraliya (Region & Country) Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian
Russian, Ukrainian and Bulgarian form of Australia.
Aziya (Region) Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz
Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Kazakh and Kyrgyz form of Asia.
Babilónia (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Babylon.
Babilonia (Settlement) Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of Babylon.
Babylon (Settlement) English, German, Dutch, Biblical, Ancient Roman, Biblical Latin, Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of Akkadian 𒆍𒀭𒊏𒆠 (Babili), which appears to mean "gateway of God", from Akkadian 𒆍 (babu) meaning "gate" and 𒀭 (ilu) meaning "God", though it may in fact derive from a non-Semitic language. This was the name of a major city in ancient Mesopotamia, the capital of the Babylonian Empire. It was located in present-day Iraq.
Babylone (Settlement) French
French form of Babylon.
Baggio (Settlement) Italian
From Latin Badalocum meaning "watch place". This is the name of an Italian town, now a district of Milan.
Balgariya (Country) Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of Bulgaria.
Batra (Settlement) Arabic
Arabic form of Petra. In Arabic it is properly written with the definite article: البتراء (al-Batra).
Bavaria (Political Subdivision) English, Late Roman
From Late Latin Baiovarii, the name of a Germanic tribe, named after an earlier Gaulish tribe the Boii. This is the name of a state in Germany (called Bayern in German).
Bayt Lahm (Settlement) Arabic
Arabic form of Bethlehem. The Arabic word لحم (lahm) meaning "meat" is cognate with Hebrew לֶחֶם (lechem) meaning "bread".
Bechuana (Country) English (Archaic)
Older English form of Botswana.
Begoña (Settlement) Basque, Spanish
Possibly from Basque meaning "lower foot". This is the name of a district (formerly a separate town) of Bilbao, Spain.
Beijing (Settlement) Chinese, English, Korean
From Chinese (běi) meaning "north" and (jīng) meaning "capital city". This is the name of the capital of China.
Bélarus (Country) French
French form of Belarus.
Belarús (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of Belarus.
Belarus (Country) Belarusian, Russian, English, Portuguese, Indonesian, Malay
Means "white Russia", from the Slavic root белъ (belu) meaning "white" and Rus. This is the name of a country in eastern Europe. Many languages use a translation of "white Russia" to refer to the country, for example German Weißrussland and Swedish Vitryssland.
Belén (Settlement) Spanish, Biblical Spanish
Spanish form of Bethlehem.
Beliz (Country & River) Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Greek, Bosnian
Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Greek and Bosnian form of Belize.
Belize (Country & River) English, Italian, Portuguese, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Polish, Hungarian, Romanian, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Turkish, Indonesian, Malay
From Spanish Belice, earlier Balis, from the name of the Belize River, which may itself be from Mayan beliz meaning "muddy water". This is the name of a country on the Atlantic coast of Central America.
Belorusija (Country) Serbian, Macedonian, Slovene
Serbian, Macedonian and Slovene form of Belarus.
Belorussiya (Country) Russian
Russian variant of Belarus.
Benetke (Settlement) Slovene
Slovene form of Venice.
Bénin (Settlement, Body of Water & Country) French
French form of Benin.
Benín (Settlement, Body of Water & Country) Spanish, Catalan, Icelandic
Spanish, Catalan and Icelandic form of Benin.
Benin (Settlement, Body of Water & Country) English, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Russian, Ukrainian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Hungarian, Slovene, Serbian, Croatian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Romanian, Indonesian, Malay
From Portuguese Benim, derived from Itsekiri Ubinu, the name of the capital city of the historical Benin Kingdom (present-day Benin City in Nigeria). Allegedly it was initially named Ile-Ibinu meaning "land of anger" because of disputes between different factions. The Bight of Benin (a large bay) was named after the Benin Kingdom, and the modern country of Benin, west of Nigeria, was named after the bay in 1975 (formerly named Dahomey).
Bergamo (Settlement) Italian, English
From Latin Bergomum, possibly from a Celtic word meaning "mountain". This is the name of a city in northern Italy.
Berlin (Settlement) German, English, French, Polish, Hungarian, Croatian, Serbian
City in Germany, the name of which is of uncertain meaning. It is possibly derived from an Old Slavic stem berl- meaning "swamp".
Betânia (Settlement) Biblical Portuguese
Portuguese form of Bethany.
Betania (Settlement) Biblical Spanish, Biblical Italian
Spanish and Italian form of Bethany.
Bethania (Settlement) Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of Bethany used in the Greek and Latin New Testament.
Bethany (Settlement) Biblical
From Greek Βηθανία (Bethania), which is of uncertain meaning. The first part of the name is derived from Hebrew/Aramaic בַּיִת (bayit) meaning "house". Suggestions for the second part of the name include עָנָה ('anah) leading to "house of affliction" or תְּאֵנָה (te'enah) leading to "house of figs". In the New Testament the town of Bethany is the home of Lazarus and his sisters Mary and Martha.
Bethel (Settlement) Biblical
Means "house of God" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is a town north of Jerusalem, where Jacob saw his vision of the stairway.
Bethléem (Settlement) French
French form of Bethlehem.
Bethleem (Settlement) Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of Bethlehem used in the Greek and Latin Bibles.
Bethlehem (Settlement) English, German, Dutch, Biblical
Means "house of bread" in Hebrew, from the roots בַּיִת (bayit) meaning "house" and לֶחֶם (lechem) meaning "bread". This is the name of a city in Palestine. It appears in the both the Old Testament and the New Testament, notably as the town where Jesus is born.
Betlehem (Settlement) Slovak
Slovak form of Bethlehem.
Betlém (Settlement) Czech
Czech form of Bethlehem.
Betlemme (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of Bethlehem.
Bharat (Country) Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Gujarati, Assamese, Urdu
From the name of the mythological king Bharata. This is the endonym for India in many of the languages of northern India.
Bharata (Country) Sanskrit, Indian, Kannada
Sanskrit and Kannada form of Bharat.
Białoruś (Country) Polish
Polish form of Belarus.
Bielorrússia (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese variant of Belarus.
Bielorussia (Country) Italian
Italian form of Belarus.
Bilorus (Country) Ukrainian
Ukrainian form of Belarus.
Birma (Country) German
German form of Burma.
Birmânia (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Burma.
Birmania (Country) Spanish, Italian
Spanish and Italian form of Burma.
Birmanie (Country) French
French form of Burma.
Bjelorusija (Country) Croatian
Croatian form of Belarus.
Bocvana (Country) Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Slovene
Form of Botswana in several languages.
Bohême (Region) French
French form of Bohemia.
Bohemia (Region) English, Spanish, Late Roman
From Latin Boiohaemum, from the name of the Gaulish tribe the Boii combined with Germanic heim "home". This is the name of a historical region within the Czech Republic. The region is called Čechy in Czech, while the country is called Česko.
Böhmen (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Bohemia.
Bolgariya (Country) Russian
Russian form of Bulgaria.
Bolívia (Country) Portuguese, Catalan, Hungarian
Portuguese, Catalan and Hungarian form of Bolivia.
Bolivia (Country) Spanish, English, Italian, Dutch, Georgian, Indonesian, Malay
From the surname Bolívar, in honour of the revolutionary Simón Bolívar. This is the name of a country in South America.
Bolivie (Country) French
French form of Bolivia.
Bolivië (Country) Southern African, Afrikaans
Afrikaans form of Bolivia.
Bolivien (Country) German
German form of Bolivia.
Bolīvija (Country) Latvian
Latvian form of Bolivia.
Bolivija (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian, Lithuanian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian and Lithuanian form of Bolivia.
Bologna (Settlement) Italian, English, German
From Latin Bononia, possibly derived from a Celtic word meaning "settlement". This is the name of a city in northern Italy.
Bologne (Settlement) French
French form of Bologna.
Bolonia (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Bologna.
Botsuana (Country) Spanish, Portuguese, German
Spanish and Portuguese form of Botswana, as well as a German variant.
Botsuwana (Country) Japanese
Japanese form of Botswana.
Botsvāna (Country) Latvian
Latvian form of Botswana.
Botswana (Country) Southern African, Tswana, English, Shona, German, French, Italian, Catalan, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Hungarian, Romanian
Means "place of the Tswana people" in the Tswana language, from the locative prefix bo- combined with the name of Tswana people, itself of uncertain origin, possibly from tswa "to go out" or tshwana "to resemble". This is the name of a country in southern Africa. During the British colonial period the region was called Bechuanaland, which was more accurately rendered as Botswana when the country achieved independence in 1966.
Brasil (Country) Portuguese, Spanish, Norwegian, Indonesian
Portuguese, Spanish and Norwegian form of Brazil.
Brasile (Country) Italian
Italian form of Brazil.
Brasilië (Country) Southern African, Afrikaans
Afrikaans form of Brazil.
Brasilien (Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of Brazil.
Brazil (Country) English, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Malay
From the name of a type of tree, called pau-brasil in Portuguese (brazilwood in English). It may ultimately derive from Portuguese brasa meaning "ember". This is the name of a country in South America.
Brazília (Country) Hungarian, Slovak
Hungarian and Slovak form of Brazil.
Brazilia (Country & Settlement) Romanian, Georgian
Romanian and Georgian form of Brazil. This is also the Georgian name for Brazil's capital city Brasília.
Brazílie (Country) Czech
Czech form of Brazil.
Brazilië (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of Brazil.
Braziliya (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of Brazil.
Brazylia (Country) Polish
Polish form of Brazil.
Breizh (Island & Region) Breton
Breton form of Britain and Brittany. Great Britain is called Breizh-Veur in Breton.
Brésil (Country) French
French form of Brazil.
Bretagna (Region & Island) Italian
Italian form of Britain and Brittany. Great Britain is called Gran Bretagna in Italian.
Bretagne (Region & Island) French, German, Dutch
French form of Britannia (see Britain). In French this typically refers to the region known as Brittany in France, while Great Britain is called Grande-Bretagne.
Bretaigne (Island & Region) Medieval French
Old French form of Britannia (see Britain).
Bretaña (Region & Island) Spanish
Spanish form of Britain and Brittany. Great Britain is called Gran Bretaña in Spanish.
Britain (Island) English
From Britannia, the Latin name for the island of Great Britain, the land of the Britons. It derives from the name of the Britons, recorded in Greek in the 4th century BC as Πρεττανική (Prettanike), and reconstructed as Proto-Brythonic *Priteni, possibly meaning "tattooed people".
Britaniya (Island) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of Britain.
Britannien (Island) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of Britain.
Brittannië (Island) Dutch
Dutch form of Britain.
Budapest (Settlement) Hungarian, English, German, French, Italian, Spanish
Combination of Buda and Pest, two cities that merged in 1873. This is the name of the capital city of Hungary.
Bulgaria (Country) Late Roman, English, Spanish, Italian, Indonesian, Malay
From the name of the Turkic tribe of the Bulgars, possibly from a Turkic root meaning "mixed". This is the name of a country in southeastern Europe.
Bulgarie (Country) French
French form of Bulgaria.
Bulgarien (Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of Bulgaria.
Bulgarije (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of Bulgaria.
Bulgarye (Country) Southern African, Afrikaans
Afrikaans form of Bulgaria.
Buriten (Island & Country) Japanese
Japanese form of Britain.
Burma (Country) English
From Burmese ဗမာ (Bama), a variant of မြန်မာ (see Myanmar). This is an older name for Myanmar.
Butswana (Country) Arabic
Arabic form of Botswana.
Čad (Body of Water & Country) Czech, Slovak, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Slovene
Czech, Slovak, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Macedonian and Slovene form of Arabic تشاد (see Chad).
Caiazzo (Settlement) Italian
From Latin Caiatia, a derivative of the given name Caius. This is the name of a city near Naples.
Cairo (Settlement) English
From Arabic القاهرة (al-Qahirah) meaning "the victorious", in honour of the conquering Fatimid caliph al-Mu'izz li Din Allah (932-975). This is the name of the capital city of Egypt.
Caivano (Settlement) Italian
From Latin Calvianum, a derivative of the cognomen Calvus. This is the name of a city near Naples.
Canada (Country) English, French, Italian, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian
Derived from the Iroquoian word kanata meaning "village". This word was used by Native Americans to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to Stadacona. Cartier used the word to refer to the region.
Canadá (Country) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of Canada.
Carmel (Mountain) Biblical, Biblical Latin
Form of Karmel used in the Latin and English Bibles.
Carpathians (Region) English
From Latin Carpates, possibly related to the Dacian tribe of the Capri, maybe derived from an Indo-European root meaning "rock, cliff". This is the name of a mountain range in eastern Europe stretching from Slovakia to Romania.
Carpați (Region) Romanian
Romanian form of Carpathians.
Castela (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Castile.
Castile (Region) English
From Spanish Castilla, ultimately from Late Latin castellum meaning "castle". This was the name of a medieval kingdom in Spain.
Castille (Region) French
French form of Castile.
Catalogna (Region & Political Subdivision) Italian
Italian form of Catalonia.
Catalogne (Region & Political Subdivision) French
French form of Catalonia.
Catalonia (Region & Political Subdivision) English
From Catalan Catalunya, of uncertain meaning, possibly from Latin castellum "castle" or Gauthia Launia "land of the Goths". This is the name of a region in eastern Spain.
Cataluña (Region) Spanish
Spanish form of Catalonia.
Cent (Region) Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of Kent.
Chad (Body of Water & Country) English, Spanish, Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Indonesian, Malay
From Arabic تشاد (Tshad), derived from a Kanuri word meaning "lake, large expanse of water". This is the name of a lake in central Africa, as well as the country that is named after it. The lake also borders Niger, Nigeria and Cameroon.
Chade (Body of Water & Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Chad.
Chaves (Settlement) Portuguese, Spanish
From the Roman name Flavius. This is the name of a Portuguese city, which was originally named for the Roman emperor Vespasian, whose family name was Flavius.
Chile (Country) Spanish, English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Polish, Hungarian, Czech, Portuguese, Romanian, Georgian
The name of a country in South America, possibly from Quechua chiri meaning "cold" or Mapuche chülle meaning "seagull". This name was applied to the region by the conquistador Diego de Almagro.
Chin (Country) Indian, Hindi, Persian, Thai, Lao
Hindi, Persian, Thai and Lao form of China.
China (Country) English, German, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Malay, Sanskrit
From Persian چین (Chin), probably derived via Sanskrit चीन (China) from Qin, the name of a dynasty that ruled in China in the 3rd century BC. In China the name Zhongguo is used to refer to the country.
Chine (Country) French
French form of Chin.
Chiny (Country) Polish
Polish form of Chin.
Chipre (Island & Country) Spanish
Spanish form of Cyprus.
Chiri (Country) Japanese
Japanese form of Chile.
Chūgoku (Country & Region) Japanese
Japanese form of Zhongguo, used to refer to China. It is also the name of a region in western Japan.
Ciad (Body of Water & Country) Italian, Romanian
Italian and Romanian form of Chad.
Čīle (Country) Latvian
Latvian form of Chile.
Čile (Country) Slovak, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Slovene
Form of Chile in several languages.
Čilė (Country) Lithuanian
Lithuanian form of Chile.
Cile (Country) Italian
Italian form of Chile.
Çin (Country) Turkish, Azerbaijani
Turkish and Azerbaijani form of China.
Čína (Country) Czech, Slovak
Czech and Slovak form of China.
Cina (Country) Italian
Italian form of China.
Cipro (Island & Country) Italian
Italian form of Cyprus.
Cologne (Settlement) French, English
French form of Latin Colonia, shortened from Colonia Agrippina meaning "colony of Agrippina", named after the wife of Emperor Claudius. This is the name of a city in western Germany.
Colombia (Country) Spanish, English, Italian, Malay
Variant of Columbia, used as the name of a country in South America.
Colonia (Settlement) Ancient Roman, Italian, Spanish
Latin form of Cologne, as well as the Italian and Spanish form.
Columbia (Region, Settlement, Political Subdivision & River) English, Italian, Spanish, Late Roman
Named after the explorer Christopher Columbus, called Cristoforo Colombo in Italian (see the surname Colombo). This is the name of several cities in the Americas (including the District of Columbia, also called Washington D.C.), and a river in Canada and the United States. It is also a name used historically to refer to the New World.
Corea (Country) Italian, Spanish, Catalan, Late Roman
Italian, Spanish and Catalan form of Korea, as well as the Latin form.
Corée (Country) French
French form of Korea.
Coreea (Country) Romanian
Romanian form of Korea.
Cracovie (Settlement) French
French form of Kraków.
Cracow (Settlement) English
English form of Kraków.
Croacia (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of Croatia.
Croatia (Country) English, Late Roman
From Croatian Hrvatska, from medieval Slavic Khorvatu, of unknown meaning. This is the name of a country in the Balkan region of southeastern Europe.
Croatie (Country) French
French form of Croatia.
Croazia (Country) Italian
Italian form of Croatia.
Cypern (Island & Country) Swedish, Danish
Swedish and Danish form of Cyprus.
Cyprus (Island & Country) English, Dutch
From Greek Κύπρος (Kypros), which may get its name from the cypress tree (Greek κυπάρισσος). This is the name of an island country in the eastern Mediterranean. Although considered one nation by most other countries, the northern part of the island is occupied by Turkish forces and claims independence.
Czad (Body of Water & Country) Polish
Polish form of Chad.
Czechia (Country) English
English form of Čechy (via Polish Czechy), used as an alternative name for the Czech Republic (and not as a name for Bohemia).
Czechy (Region & Country) Polish
Polish form of Čechy, used to refer both to the region of Bohemia and the larger Czech Republic.
Damas (Settlement) French
French form of Damascus.
Damasco (Settlement) Italian, Spanish, Portuguese
Italian, Spanish and Portuguese form of Damascus.
Damascus (Settlement) Ancient Roman, Biblical Latin, English
Meaning unknown, probably of Semitic origin. It is first mentioned in Egyptian records from the 15th century BC under the name Tmsq. It is now the capital city of Syria.
Damaskos (Settlement) Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of Damascus.
Dameshq (Settlement) Persian
Persian form of Damascus.
Dammeseq (Settlement) Ancient Aramaic, Biblical Hebrew, Hebrew
Aramaic and Hebrew form of Damascus.
Dänemark (Country) German
German form of Denmark.
Danemark (Country) French
French form of Denmark.
Danimarca (Country) Italian
Italian form of Denmark.
Danmark (Country) Danish, Swedish, Norwegian
Danish, Swedish and Norwegian form of Denmark.
Danmörk (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Denmark.
Danube (River) English
From Latin Danubius, from Indo-European Danu, probably meaning "river, water". This is the name of a river that flows east through Europe to the Black Sea.
Delhi (Settlement) English
From Sanskrit दिल्ली (Dilli), possibly from देहली (dehali) meaning "threshold", or possibly from the name of a 1st-century BC king. This is the name of a large city in northern India, which includes the district of New Delhi, the Indian capital.
Delphi (Settlement) Ancient Roman, English
Latinized form of Greek Δελφοί (Delphoi), from δελφύς (delphys) meaning "womb". This was the name of an ancient Greek city, the site of an oracle of Apollo.
Denemarke (Country) Southern African, Afrikaans
Afrikaans form of Denmark.
Denemarken (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of Denmark.
Denmark (Country) English
From Danish Danmark, derived from the ethnic name Dane, which is possibly from Germanic den meaning "low ground", combined with mark meaning "borderland". This is the name of a country in northern Europe.
Dilli (Settlement) Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Assamese, Odia, Sanskrit
Form of Delhi used in several Indian languages.
Dimashq (Settlement) Arabic
Arabic form of Damascus.
Dinamarca (Country) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of Denmark.
Donau (River) German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Form of Danube in various languages.
Duna (River) Hungarian
Hungarian form of Danube.
Dunaj (River) Polish, Czech, Slovak
Polish, Czech and Slovak form of Danube.
Dzhordzhiya (Political Subdivision) Russian
Russian form of Georgia 2, the American state.
Eden (Region) Hebrew, Biblical
Possibly from Hebrew עֵדֶן ('eden) meaning "pleasure, delight", or perhaps derived from Sumerian 𒂔 (edin) meaning "plain". According to the Old Testament the Garden of Eden was the place where the first people, Adam and Eve, lived before they were expelled.
Egipat (Country) Serbian, Croatian
Serbian and Croatian form of Aegyptus (see Egypt).
Egipt (Country) Polish, Slovene, Romanian
Polish, Slovene and Romanian form of Aegyptus (see Egypt).
Egipte (Country) Southern African, Afrikaans, Catalan
Afrikaans and Catalan form of Egypte or Aegyptus (see Egypt).
Egipto (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of Aegyptus (see Egypt).
Egito (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Aegyptus (see Egypt).
Egitto (Country) Italian
Italian form of Aegyptus (see Egypt).
Egypt (Country) English
From Latin Aegyptus, itself from Greek Αἴγυπτος (Aigyptos), which was probably derived from Egyptian ḥwt-kꜣ-ptḥ, the name of the temple to the god Ptah in Memphis, meaning "the house of the soul of Ptah". Descendants of the Latin name are used in most European languages to refer to the ancient kingdom and modern country of Egypt. However, the name the ancient Egyptians used to refer to the Nile Valley was Kemet, and the Arabic speakers of modern Egypt call it Masr.
Égypte (Country) French
French form of Aegyptus (see Egypt).
Egypte (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of Aegyptus (see Egypt).
Engeland (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of England.
England (Country) English, German, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian
From Old English Englaland meaning "land of the Angles", the Angles being one of the Germanic tribes that settled in the area in the post-Roman period.
Eragh (Country) Persian
Persian form of Iraq.
Erech (Settlement) Biblical
Form of Uruk used in the English Old Testament.
Erekh (Settlement) Biblical Hebrew
Form of Uruk used in the Hebrew Bible.
Espagne (Country) French
French form of Hispania (see Spain).
Espainia (Country) Basque
Basque form of Hispania (see Spain).
España (Country) Spanish, Galician
Spanish and Galician form of Hispania (see Spain).
Espanja (Country) Finnish
Finnish form of Hispania (see Spain).
Espanya (Country) Catalan, Filipino, Tagalog, Cebuano
Catalan, Tagalog and Cebuano form of Hispania (see Spain).
Essen (Settlement) German, English
From older Astnide, possibly a derivative of Old High German asc meaning "ash tree". This is the name of a city in Germany, founded in the 9th century.
Estocolmo (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Stockholm.