All Place Names

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AALST   (Settlement)   Dutch
Possibly from Germanic alhust meaning "living place". This is the name of various towns in the Netherlands and Belgium.
AARLE   (Settlement)   Dutch
Meaning unknown. This is the name of various towns in the Netherlands.
ABNEY   (Settlement)   English
From the Old English given name Abba combined with eg "island". This is the name of a town in Derbyshire.
ACHTERBERG   (Settlement)   Low German
The name of various villages and estates in the Netherlands and Germany, derived from Low German achter "behind" and berg "mountain, hill".
ACHTHOVEN   (Settlement)   Dutch
Means "eight gardens" in Dutch. This is the name of various towns in the Netherlands.
ADRICHEM   (Settlement)   Dutch
Means "Adrik's home". This was the name of an estate and castle (demolished in 1812) that was formerly in North Holland, the Netherlands.
ÁFRICA   (Region)   Spanish
Spanish form of AFRICA.
AFRICA   (Region)   English, Ancient Roman
Of Latin origin, possibly from the Afri people who lived near Carthage in North Africa.
AITHIOPIA   (Country)   Ancient Greek
Greek form of ETHIOPIA.
ALBANIA   (Region & Country)   Late Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
Medieval Latin name for the region which was once occupied by the Illyrian tribe called Albanoi. This is the name of a country in the Balkans.
ALBANIE   (Country)   French
French form of ALBANIA.
ALEMANHA   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of ALEMANNIA, used as the Portuguese name of Germany.
ALEMANIA   (Country)   Spanish
Spanish form of ALEMANNIA, used as the Spanish name of Germany.
ALEMANNIA   (Region)   Ancient Roman
Latin name for the lands where the Alemanni lived. The Alemanni were a confederation of Germanic tribes who lived around the upper Rhine river in the time of the Roman Empire.
ALEXANDREIA   (Settlement)   Ancient Greek
Greek form of ALEXANDRIA.
ALEXANDRIA   (Settlement)   English, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek given name Αλεξανδρος (see ALEXANDER), bestowed by Alexander the Great upon the cities he founded or conquered. This is the name of many cities throughout the world, notably in Egypt.
ALLEMAGNE   (Country)   French
French form of ALEMANNIA, used as the French name of Germany.
ALTENA   (Settlement)   Dutch
Possibly means "close, near" in Dutch. This is the name of a town in the Netherlands.
AMÉRICA   (Region)   Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents.
AMERICA   (Region & Country)   English, Italian, Romanian, Late Roman
From the name of the explorer AMERIGO Vespucci (1451-1512). This is the name of two continents (North and South America) and is also commonly used to refer to the United States of America.
AMERİKA   (Region & Country)   Turkish
Turkish form of AMERICA.
AMERIKA   (Region & Country)   German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Russian, Croatian, Serbian
Form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents and sometimes to the United States of America.
AMERSFOORT   (Settlement)   Dutch
Means "ford of the Amer (Eem) River" in Dutch. This is the name of a city in Utrecht, the Netherlands.
AMERYKA   (Region & Country)   Polish
Polish form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents and the United States of America.
AMSTEL   (River)   Dutch
Means "water place" in Dutch. This is the name of a river in the Netherlands, which lent its name to Amsterdam.
AMSTERDAM   (Settlement)   Dutch, English, German, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, French, Polish
Means "dam on the AMSTEL" in Dutch. This is the name of the capital city of the Netherlands, first mentioned with this name in the 13th century.
ANATOLIA   (Region)   Ancient Greek
From Greek ανατολη (anatole) meaning "sunrise", a term used by the Greeks to refer to the peninsula to the east (modern Turkey).
ANDEL   (Settlement)   Dutch
Possibly means "upper forest" in Old Dutch. This is the name of a town in North Brabant in the Netherlands.
ANGEL   (Region)   Danish
Possibly derived from Germanic roots meaning "narrow, tight, tapering" or "hook". This is the name of a peninsula in northern Germany near Denmark, the original home of the Germanic tribe the Angles.
ANGELN   (Region)   German
German form of ANGEL.
ANGLAE TERRA   (Country)   Late Roman
Late Latin form of ENGLAND (a translation, meaning "land of the Angles").
ANGLETERRE   (Country)   French
French form of ANGLAE TERRA, used as the French name of England.
ANGLIA   (Country & Region)   Late Roman
Late Latin form of ENGLAND (and also of ANGEL).
ANNESLEY   (Settlement)   English
From Old English anne "alone, solitary" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a town in Nottinghamshire.
ANSLEY   (Settlement)   English
From Old English ansetl "hermitage" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a town in Warwickshire.
ANTWERP   (Settlement)   English
From Dutch Antwerpen, meaning uncertain, perhaps from Dutch werf meaning "wharf". This is the name of a city in Belgium.
ANTWERPEN   (Settlement)   Dutch
Dutch form of ANTWERP.
ANVERS   (Settlement)   French
French form of ANTWERP.
APELDOORN   (Settlement)   Dutch
Means "apple tree" in Dutch. This is the name of a city in the Netherlands.
APPLEBY   (Settlement)   English
Derived from Old English æppel "apple" and Old Norse býr "farm, settlement". This is the name of towns in England.
APPLETON   (Settlement)   English
Derived from Old English æppeltun "orchard". This is the name of towns in England.
AQUINO   (Settlement)   Italian
Derived from Latin aqua meaning "water". This is the name of a town in Italy.
ARARAT   (Mountain)   Armenian, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew, Ancient Near Eastern
From the name of the ancient kingdom of Urartu. This is the name of a mountain in Turkey (formerly part of Armenia).
ARENDONK   (Settlement)   Dutch
Derived from Dutch arend "eagle" and donk "hill". This is the name of a city in northern Belgium.
ASCH   (Settlement)   Dutch
From Old Dutch aska meaning "ash tree". This is the name of a town in the Netherlands.
ASHLEY   (Settlement)   English
From Old English æsc "ash tree" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of various towns in England.
ASHWORTH   (Settlement)   English
From Old English æsc "ash tree" and worþ "enclosure". This was the name of a town in Lancashire.
ASIA   (Region)   English, Italian, Ancient Greek
Perhaps derived from Akkadian asu, meaning "east".
ASÍS   (Settlement)   Spanish
Spanish form of ASSISI.
ASISIUM   (Settlement)   Ancient Roman
Latin form of ASSISI.
ASSENDORP   (Settlement)   Dutch
From Dutch es meaning "ash tree" (plural essen) and dorp meaning "village". This is the name of a city in the Netherlands.
ASSISE   (Settlement)   French
French form of ASSISI.
ASSISI   (Settlement)   Italian, English, German
From Latin Asisium, which is of unknown, possibly pre-Latin, origin. This is the name of a city in central Italy.
ASTNIDE   (Settlement)   Old High German (Latinized)
Old German (Latinized) form of ESSEN.
ASTON   (Settlement)   English
From Old English east "east" and tun "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of many towns in England.
ASTURIAS   (Political Subdivision)   Spanish
Possibly derived from Basque asta "rock" and ur "water". This was the name of an 8th to 10th-century kingdom of northern Iberia. It is now the name of a Spanish province.
ÄTHIOPIEN   (Country)   German
German form of ETHIOPIA.
AUBIGNY   (Settlement)   French
From the Gallo-Roman given name ALBINUS. This is the name of several French communes.
AUDLEY   (Settlement)   English
Means "EALDGYÐ's clearing" in Old English. This is the name of a village in Staffordshire, England.
AUSTRÁLIA   (Region & Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of AUSTRALIA.
AUSTRALIA   (Region & Country)   English, Italian, Spanish
Derived from Latin australis meaning "southern". It was formally adopted as the name of the continent (and later country) by the British administrators of the region in 1824.
AUSTRALIE   (Region & Country)   French
French form of AUSTRALIA.
AUSTRALIEN   (Region & Country)   German
German form of AUSTRALIA.
AYTON   (Settlement)   English
Derived from Old English ea "river" or eg "island" combined with tun "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of towns in Berwickshire and North Yorkshire.
BAARD   (Settlement)   Frisian
Possibly from a given name which was a variant of BERT. This is the name of a town in Frisia in the Netherlands.
BABILI   (Settlement)   Akkadian
Akkadian form of BABYLON.
BABILÓNIA   (Settlement)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of BABYLON.
BABILONIA   (Settlement)   Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of BABYLON.
BABYLON   (Settlement)   English, German, Dutch, Biblical, Ancient Roman, Biblical Latin, Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of Akkadian Babili, which is of uncertain meaning. It is often explained as meaning "gateway of God", from Akkadian babu "gate" and ilu "God", though it may in fact derive from a non-Semitic language. This was the name of a major city in ancient Mesopotamia, the capital of the Babylonian Empire. It was located in present-day Iraq.
BABYLONE   (Settlement)   French
French form of BABYLON.
BADALOCUM   (Settlement)   Ancient Roman
Latin form of BAGGIO.
BAGGIO   (Settlement)   Italian
From Latin Badalocum meaning "watch place". This is the name of an Italian town, now a district of Milan.
BAGLEY   (Settlement)   English
From Old English bagga "bag, badger" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of various towns in England.
BALGARIYA   (Country)   Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of BULGARIA.
BARDSLEY   (Settlement)   English
From the Old English name BEORNRÆD and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a village near Manchester.
BAVARIA   (Political Subdivision)   English, Late Roman
From Late Latin Baiovarii, the name of a Germanic tribe, named after an earlier Gaulish tribe the Boii. This is the name of a state in Germany (called Bayern in German).
BAVIERA   (Political Subdivision)   Spanish, Portuguese, Italian
Spanish, Portuguese and Italian form of BAVARIA.
BAYERN   (Political Subdivision)   German
German form of BAVARIA.
BECSKE   (Settlement)   Hungarian
Possibly derived from the Hungarian given name BENEDEK. This is the name of a small town in Hungary.
BEERS   (Settlement)   Dutch
Possibly from Dutch baar meaning "bar". This is the name of a town in the Netherlands (plus a smaller one in Frisia).
BEESLEY   (Settlement)   English
From Old English beos "bent grass" and leah "woodland, clearing". This was the name of a hamlet or farm in Lancashire, England.
BEGBIE   (Settlement)   Scottish
Derived from the Old Norse name BAGGI and býr meaning "farm, settlement". This is the name of a small town in East Lothian, Scotland.
BEIJING   (Settlement)   Chinese, English
From Chinese (běi) meaning "north" and (jīng) meaning "capital city". This is the name of the capital of China.
BENTLEY   (Settlement)   English
From Old English beonet "bent grass" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of several English towns.
BENTON   (Settlement)   English
From Old English beonet "bent grass" and tun "enclosure". This is the name of towns in England.
BERGAMO   (Settlement)   Italian, English
From Latin Bergomum, possibly from a Celtic word meaning "mountain". This is the name of a city in northern Italy.
BERGOMUM   (Settlement)   Ancient Roman
Latin form of BERGAMO.
BERLIN   (Settlement)   German, English, French, Polish, Hungarian, Croatian, Serbian
City in Germany, the name of which is of uncertain meaning. It is possibly derived from an Old Slavic stem berl- meaning swamp.
BEVERLEY   (Settlement)   English
From Old English beofor "beaver" and (possibly) licc "stream". This is the name of a city in eastern England.
BHARAT   (Country)   Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Gujarati, Assamese
From the name of the mythological king BHARATA. This is the endonym for India in many of the languages of northern India.
BHARATA   (Country)   Sanskrit
Sanskrit form of BHARAT.
BHAROT   (Country)   Bengali
Bengali variant transcription of BHARAT.
BLACKBURN   (Settlement)   English
From Old English blæc "black" and burna "stream". This is the name of a city in Lancashire, England.
BLAKESLEY   (Settlement)   English
From the Old English byname Blæcwulf "black wolf" combined with leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a city in Northamptonshire.
BLIDWORTH   (Settlement)   English
From the Old English byname Blīþa "happy, blithe" and worþ "enclosure". This is the name of a town in Nottinghamshire, England.
BLOXHAM   (Settlement)   English
From the Old English byname Blocca and ham meaning "home, homestead". This is the name of a town in Oxfordshire.
BOHÊME   (Region)   French
French form of BOHEMIA.
BOHEMIA   (Region)   English, Spanish, Late Roman
From Latin Boiohaemum, from the name of the Gaulish tribe the Boii combined with Germanic heim "home". This is the name of a historical region within the Czech Republic. The region is called Čechy in Czech, while the country is called Česko.
BÖHMEN   (Region)   German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of BOHEMIA.
BOHON   (Settlement)   French
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a town in Manche, France.
BOIOHAEMUM   (Region)   Ancient Roman
Latin form of BOHEMIA (mentioned in Tacitus' 1st-century book 'Germania').
BOLGARIYA   (Country)   Russian
Russian form of BULGARIA.
BOLÍVIA   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of BOLIVIA.
BOLIVIA   (Country)   Spanish, English, Italian
From the surname BOLÍVAR, in honour of the revolutionary Simón Bolívar. This is the name of a country in South America.
BOLIVIE   (Country)   French
French form of BOLIVIA.
BOLIVIEN   (Country)   German
German form of BOLIVIA.
BOLL   (Settlement)   German
From Middle High German meaning "hill". This is the name of several towns in Germany.
BOLOGNA   (Settlement)   Italian, English, German
From Latin Bononia, possibly derived from a Celtic word meaning "settlement". This is the name of a city in northern italy.
BOLOGNE   (Settlement)   French
French form of BOLOGNA.
BOLONIA   (Settlement)   Spanish
Spanish form of BOLOGNA.
BONONIA   (Settlement)   Ancient Roman
Latin form of BOLOGNA.
BRACKENRIG   (Settlement)   Scots
From Middle English braken meaning "bracken" (via Old Norse brækni) and rigg meaning "ridge" (via Old Norse hryggr). This is the name of several Scottish towns.
BRADFORD   (Settlement)   English
From Old English brad "broad" and ford "ford, river crossing". This is the name of a city in West Yorkshire, as well as several other towns.
BRADLEY   (Settlement)   English
From Old English brad "broad" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of several towns in England.
BRASIL   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of BRAZIL.
BRASILE   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of BRAZIL.
BRASILIEN   (Country)   German
German form of BRAZIL.
BRAZIL   (Country)   English, Croatian, Serbian
From the name of a type of tree, called pau-brasil in Portuguese (brazilwood in English). It may ultimately derive from Portuguese brasa meaning "ember". This is the name of a country in South America.
BRAZILIË   (Country)   Dutch
Dutch form of BRAZIL.
BREIZH   (Region)   Breton
Breton form of BRITAIN and BRITTANY. Great Britain is called Breizh-Veur in Breton.
BRÉSIL   (Country)   French
French form of BRAZIL.
BRETAGNA   (Region)   Italian
Italian form of BRITAIN and BRITTANY. Great Britain is called Gran Bretagna in Italian.
BRETAGNE   (Region)   French, German
French form of Britannia (see BRITAIN). In French this typically refers to the region known as Brittany in France, while Great Britain is called Grande-Bretagne.
BRETAIGNE   (Region)   Medieval French
Old French form of Britannia (see BRITAIN).
BRETAÑA   (Region)   Spanish
Spanish form of BRITAIN and BRITTANY. Great Britain is called Gran Bretaña in Spanish.
BRISTOL   (Settlement)   English
Name of a city in southwest England, derived from Old English Brycgstow meaning "the site of the bridge".
BRITAIN   (Region)   English
From Britannia, the Latin name for the island of Great Britain, the land of the Britons. It derives from the name of the Britons, recorded in Greek in the 4th century BC as Πρεττανικη (Prettanike), and reconstructed as Proto-Brythonic *Priteni, possibly meaning "tattooed people".
BRITANNIA   (Region)   Ancient Roman
Latin form of BRITAIN.
BRITANNIEN   (Region)   German
German form of BRITAIN.
BRITTANY   (Region)   English
From Britannia (see BRITAIN). This is the name of a region in northwestern France, so called because many Britons settled there after the fall of the Western Roman Empire. It had earlier been called Armorica. In the Middle Ages it was sometimes called Britannia Minor to distinguish it from the island of Great Britain. In French, both the island and the region are called Bretagne.
BRODIE   (Settlement)   English
Probably from Gaelic broth meaning "ditch, mire". This is the name of an estate and castle in Moray, Scotland.
BROOKLYN   (Settlement)   English
Name of a borough of New York City, originally derived from Dutch Breukelen meaning "broken land".
BUCKLEY   (Settlement)   English
From Old English bucc "buck, male deer" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a few minor towns in England.
BUDA   (Settlement)   Hungarian
Possibly from the given name BLEDA (which belonged to the brother of Attila the Hun). This was the name of a Hungarian city on the west bank of the Danube. Today it is a part of Budapest, having merged with Pest in 1873.
BUDAPEST   (Settlement)   Hungarian, English, German, French, Italian, Spanish
Combination of BUDA and PEST, two cities that merged in 1873. This is the name of the capital city of Hungary.
BULGARIA   (Country)   Late Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
From the name of the Turkic tribe of the Bulgars, possibly from a Turkic root meaning "mixed". This is the name of a country in southeastern Europe.
BULGARIE   (Country)   French
French form of BULGARIA.
BULGARIEN   (Country)   German
German form of BULGARIA.
BUREN   (Settlement)   Dutch
From Old Dutch bur "house, dwelling". This is a small town on the island of Ameland in the north of the Netherlands, as well as a small city in Gelderland.
BURNHAM   (Settlement)   English
From Old English burna "stream, spring" and ham "home". This is the name of several towns in England.
BURTON   (Settlement)   English
From Old English burg "fortress, castle" and tun "enclosure". This is the name of several English towns.
BUSTILLO   (Settlement)   Spanish
From a diminutive of Late Latin bustum meaning "ox pasture". This is the name of towns in Spain.
BUSTO   (Settlement)   Spanish, Italian
From Late Latin bustum meaning "ox pasture". This is the name of several towns in Spain and Italy.
CAIATIA   (Settlement)   Ancient Roman
Latin form of CAIAZZO.
CAIAZZO   (Settlement)   Italian
From Latin Caiatia, a derivative of the given name CAIUS. This is the name of a city near Naples.
CAIRO   (Settlement)   English
From Arabic القاهرة (al-Qahirah) meaning "the victorious", in honour of the conquering Fatimid caliph al-Mu'izz li Din Allah (932-975). This is the name of the capital city of Egypt.
CAIVANO   (Settlement)   Italian
From Latin Calvianum, a derivative of the cognomen CALVUS. This is the name of a city near Naples.
CALE   (Settlement)   Ancient Roman
Possibly from Celtic gall meaning "Gaul, Celt". This was the name of an ancient town in what is now Portugal, near the modern city of Porto.
CALVIANUM   (Settlement)   Ancient Roman
Latin form of CAIVANO.
CANADA   (Country)   English, French, Italian, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian
Derived from the Iroquoian word kanata meaning "village". This word was used by Native Americans to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to Stadacona. Cartier used the word to refer to the region.
CANADÁ   (Country)   Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of CANADA.
CARLISLE   (Settlement)   English
Originally called by the Romans Luguvalium meaning "stronghold of LUGUS". Later the Brythonic element ker "fort" was appended to the name of the city. This is the name of a city in Cumbria in northern England.
CARMEL   (Mountain)   Biblical, Biblical Latin
Form of KARMEL used in the Latin and English Bibles.
CASTELA   (Region)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of CASTILE.
CASTILE   (Region)   English
From Spanish Castilla, ultimately from Late Latin castellum meaning "castle". This was the name of a medieval kingdom in Spain.
CASTILLA   (Region)   Spanish
Spanish form of CASTILE.
CASTILLE   (Region)   French
French form of CASTILE.
CATALOGNA   (Region)   Italian
Italian form of CATALONIA.
CATALOGNE   (Region)   French
French form of CATALONIA.
CATALONIA   (Region)   English
From Catalan Catalunya, of uncertain meaning, possibly from Latin castellum "castle" or Gauthia Launia "land of the Goths". This is the name of a region in eastern Spain.
CATALUÑA   (Region)   Spanish
Spanish form of CATALONIA.
CATALUNYA   (Region)   Catalan
Catalan form of CATALONIA.
CAVAN   (Political Subdivision)   Irish
Derived from Irish cabhán meaning "hollow". This is the name of an Irish country.
CEASTER   (Settlement)   Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of CHESTER.
CECHIA   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of ČECHY, used as a name for the Czech Republic.
ČECHY   (Region)   Czech, Slovak
From the name of the Slavic tribe of the Czechs, probably derived from the Slavic root čelo meaning "family, tribe". This is the Czech name of Bohemia, while the Czech Republic is called Česko.
ČESKO   (Country)   Czech, Slovak
From the name of the Slavic tribe of the Czechs (see ČECHY). This is the Czech name for the Czech Republic.
ČESKOSLOVENSKO   (Country)   Czech, Slovak
Czech and Slovak form of CZECHOSLOVAKIA.
CESTRESCIR   (Region)   Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of CHESHIRE.
CHAD   (Body of Water & Country)   English, Spanish
From Arabic تشاد (Tshad), derived from a Kanuri word meaning "lake, large expanse of water". This is the name of a lake in central Africa, as well as the country that is named after it. The lake also borders Niger, Nigeria and Cameroon.
CHADE   (Body of Water & Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of CHAD.
CHADWICK   (Settlement)   English
Means "village belonging to CHAD" in Old English. This is the name of towns in Lancashire and Warwickshire.
CHAOXIAN   (Country)   Chinese
Chinese form of JOSEON, used in mainland China to refer to Korea.
CHAVES   (Settlement)   Portuguese, Spanish
From the Roman name FLAVIUS. This is the name of a Portuguese city which was originally named for the Roman emperor Vespasian, whose family name was Flavius.
CHELSEA   (Settlement)   English
Originally derived from Old English and meaning "landing place for chalk or limestone". This is a district in London.
CHESHIRE   (Region & Political Subdivision)   English
Shortened form of Chestershire, a combination of CHESTER and shire.
CHESTER   (Settlement)   English
From Latin castrum meaning "camp, fortress". This is the name of a city in Cheshire, England.
CHIN   (Country)   Indian, Hindi, Persian
Hindi and Persian form of CHINA.
CHINA   (Country)   English, German, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese, Sanskrit
From Persian چین (Chin), probably derived via Sanskrit चीन (China) from Qin, the name of a dynasty that ruled in China in the 3rd century BC. In China the name Zhongguo is used to refer to the country.
CHINE   (Country)   French
French form of CHINA.
CHOSUN   (Region & Country)   Korean
Variant transcription of JOSEON.
CHUUGOKU   (Country & Region)   Japanese
Japanese form of ZHONGGUO, used to refer to China. It is also the name of a region in western Japan.
CIAD   (Body of Water & Country)   Italian
Italian form of CHAD.
CIARRAÍ   (Political Subdivision)   Irish
Irish Gaelic form of KERRY.
CINA   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of CHINA.
COCKBURN   (Settlement)   English
From Old English cocc "rooster" and burna "stream". This was the name of a town in Berwickshire, Scotland.
COLOGNE   (Settlement)   French, English
French form of Latin Colonia, shortened from Colonia Agrippina meaning "colony of Agrippina", named after the wife of Emperor Claudius. This is the name of a city in western Germany.
COLONIA   (Settlement)   Ancient Roman, Italian, Spanish
Latin form of COLOGNE, as well as the Italian and Spanish form.
COLTON   (Settlement)   English
Means "COLA's town" in Old English. This is the name of several English towns.
CONGO   (River & Country)   English, French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Danish
From Kongo, of uncertain origin, the name of a kingdom in central Africa that existed from the 14th to 19th century. The Congo River (also called the Zaire River) was named after the kingdom. Belgian and French colonies were established in the 19th century, named after the river, which eventually led to two African countries, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire) and the Republic of the Congo.
COREA   (Country)   Italian, Spanish, Late Roman
Italian and Spanish form of KOREA, as well as the Latin form.
CORÉE   (Country)   French
French form of KOREA.
COURTENAY   (Settlement)   French
From the Gallo-Roman given name Curtenus, derived from Latin curtus "short". This is the name of a few French communes.
CRAWFORD   (Settlement)   English
From Old English crawe "crow" and ford "ford, river crossing". This is the name various small towns in England.
CREMA   (Settlement)   Italian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from a Lombardic word meaning "hill". This is the name of a city in Cremona (to which the name is unrelated) in northern Italy.
CREMONA   (Settlement & Political Subdivision)   Italian
Probably from the name of the Celtic tribe the Cenomani, or possibly from a pre-Latin word meaning "stone". This is the name of a city and province in northern Italy.
CROACIA   (Country)   Spanish
Spanish form of CROATIA.
CROATIA   (Country)   English, Late Roman
From Croatian Hrvatska, from medieval Slavic Khorvatu, of unknown meaning. This is the name of a country in the Balkan region of southeastern Europe.
CROATIE   (Country)   French
French form of CROATIA.
CROAZIA   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of CROATIA.
CSEHORSZÁG   (Country)   Hungarian
Hungarian form of ČECHY, used to refer both to the region of Bohemia and the larger Czech Republic.
CUINCHY   (Settlement)   French
From older Quintiacum, derived from the personal name QUINTIUS plus the local suffix -acum. This is the name of a village in France.
CZAD   (Body of Water & Country)   Polish
Polish form of CHAD.
CZAJKÓW   (Settlement)   Polish
Derived from Polish czajka meaning "lapwing (bird)". This is the name of several towns in Poland.
CZECHIA   (Country)   English
English form of ČECHY (via Polish Czechy), used as an alternative name for the Czech Republic (and not as a name for Bohemia).
CZECHOSLOVAKIA   (Country)   English
Combination of CZECHIA and SLOVAKIA. This was the name of a country that existed between 1918 and 1993, at which time it split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
CZECHY   (Region & Country)   Polish
Polish form of ČECHY, used to refer both to the region of Bohemia and the larger Czech Republic.
DAEHAN   (Country)   Korean
From Sino-Korean (dae) meaning "big, great" and (han) meaning "Korea". This is the official Korean name for South Korea.
DÄNEMARK   (Country)   German
German form of DENMARK.
DANEMARK   (Country)   French
French form of DENMARK.
DANIMARCA   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of DENMARK.
DANMARK   (Country)   Danish
Danish form of DENMARK.
DANUBE   (River)   English
From Latin Danubius, from Indo-European Danu, probably meaning "river, water". This is the name of a river which flows east through Europe to the Black Sea.
DANUBIUS   (River)   Ancient Roman
Latin form of DANUBE.
DEBEN   (River)   English
Means "deep" in Old English. This is the name of a river in Suffolk.
DEBENHAM   (Settlement)   English
From the Old English river name DEBEN combined with ham meaning "home, homestead". This is the name of a town in Suffolk, on the River Deben.
DEE   (River)   Scottish
Possibly from a Celtic root meaning "divine". This is the name of a river in Scotland.
DELHI   (Settlement)   English
From Sanskrit दिल्ली (Dilli), possibly from देहली (dehali) meaning "threshold", or possibly from the name of a 1st-century BC king. This is the name of a large city in northern India, which includes the district of New Delhi, the Indian capital.
DELPHI   (Settlement)   Ancient Roman, English
Latinized form of Greek Δελφοι (Delphoi), from δελφυς (delphys) "womb". This was the name of an ancient Greek city, the site of an oracle of Apollo.
DELPHOI   (Settlement)   Ancient Greek
Greek form of DELPHI.
DENMARK   (Country)   English
From Danish Danmark, derived from the ethnic name Dane, which is possibly from Germanic den meaning "low ground", combined with mark meaning "borderland". This is the name of a country in northern Europe.
DERBY   (Settlement)   English
Means "deer farm" in Old Norse. This is the name of a city in England.
DEUTSCHLAND   (Country)   German
Derived from the German deutsch meaning "German" (ultimately from Germanic þeudo "people") and Land. This is the German endonym for Germany.
DEVON   (Political Subdivision)   English
From the name of the Dumnonii, a Celtic tribe. This is the name of a county in England.
DILLI   (Settlement)   Indian, Hindi, Sanskrit
Sanskrit and Hindi form of DELHI.
DINAMARCA   (Country)   Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of DENMARK.
DONAU   (River)   German
German form of DANUBE.
DONGGYEONG   (Settlement)   Korean
Korean form of TOKYO.
DONGJING   (Settlement)   Chinese
Chinese form of TOKYO.
DUDLEY   (Settlement)   English
Means "DUDDA's clearing" in Old English. This is the name of a city in the West Midlands, England.
DUITSLAND   (Country)   Dutch
Dutch form of DEUTSCHLAND.
DUNA   (River)   Hungarian
Hungarian form of DANUBE.
DUNAJ   (River)   Polish, Czech, Slovak
Polish, Czech and Slovak form of DANUBE.
EATON   (Settlement)   English
Derived from Old English ea "river" and tun "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of several English towns.
EBORACUM   (Settlement)   Ancient Celtic (Latinized)
Latinized form of YORK.
'EDEN   (Region)   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of EDEN.
EDEN   (Region)   Biblical
Means "place of pleasure" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament the Garden of Eden was the place where the first people, Adam and Eve, lived before they were expelled.
ÉIRE   (Country & Island)   Irish
Possibly means "abundant land" in Old Irish. This is the Irish name of the country and island of Ireland. According to legend the island was named for the goddess ÉRIU, though in fact it was she who was named for the island.
ELLADA   (Country)   Greek
Modern Greek form of Ancient Greek ‘Ελλαδα (Hellada), derived from ‘Ελλην (Hellen) "Greek", which is of uncertain origin. This is the Greek endonym for Greece.
ENGLALAND   (Country)   Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of ENGLAND.
ENGLAND   (Country)   English, German
From Old English Englaland meaning "land of the Angles", the Angles being one of the Germanic tribes that settled in the area in the post-Roman period.
ERAN   (Country)   Ancient Persian
Middle Persian form of IRAN.
ÉRIU   (Country & Island)   Ancient Irish
Old Irish form of ÉIRE.
ESLOVAQUIA   (Country)   Spanish
Spanish form of SLOVAKIA.
ESPAGNE   (Country)   French
French form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
ESPAINIA   (Country)   Basque
Basque form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
ESPAÑA   (Country)   Spanish, Galician
Spanish and Galician form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
ESPANYA   (Country)   Catalan
Catalan form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
ESSEN   (Settlement)   German, English
From older Astnide, possibly a derivative of Old High German asc meaning "ash tree". This is the name of a city in Germany, founded in the 9th century.
ESTOCOLMO   (Settlement)   Spanish
Spanish form of STOCKHOLM.
ETHIOPIA   (Country)   English
From Greek Αιθιοπια (Aithiopia), derived from αιθω (aitho) meaning "to burn" and ωψ (ops) meaning "face", referring to the skin colour of the inhabitants. This is the name of a country in eastern Africa.
ETHIOPIÉ   (Country)   French
French form of ETHIOPIA.
ETIÓPIA   (Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of ETHIOPIA.
ETIOPIA   (Country)   Italian, Polish
Italian and Polish form of ETHIOPIA.
ETIOPIJA   (Country)   Serbian, Croatian, Slovene
Serbian, Croatian and Slovene form of ETHIOPIA.
ETXEBERRIA   (Settlement)   Basque
Means "the new house", from Basque etxe "house" and berri "new". This was the name of a village (and castle) in Navarre where the saint Francis Xavier was born.
EUPHRATES   (River)   English, Greek, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
From Greek Ευφρατης (Euphrates), the name of a river in Mesopotamia. It is derived from Old Persian Ufratu, itself from Elamite or Sumerian, of unknown meaning.
EURIPOS   (Body of Water)   Ancient Greek
Possibly from Greek ευ (eu) "good" and ‘ριπη (rhipe) "throw, swing". This was the name of the strait between Euboea and Boeotia.
EURIPUS   (Body of Water)   Ancient Roman
Latin form of EURIPOS.
EVRIPOS   (Body of Water)   Greek
Modern Greek of EURIPOS.
EWART   (Settlement)   English
From Old English ea "river" and worþ "enclosure". This is the name of a town in Northumberland, England.
FARIS   (Country)   Arabic
Arabic form of PERSIA.
FARNHAM   (Settlement)   English
From Old English fearn "fern" and ham "home" or ham "water meadow, enclosure". This is the name of several towns in England, notably in Surrey.
FÁTIMA   (Settlement)   Portuguese
Derived from the Arabic feminine name FATIMAH, apparently after a Moorish princess who converted to Christianity during the Reconquista. This is the name of a town in Portugal, which became an important Christian pilgrimage center after 1917 when three local children reported witnessing repeated apparitions of the Virgin Mary.
FILIPÓW   (Settlement)   Polish
Derived from the given name FILIP. This is the name of a town in Poland.
FINLAND   (Country)   English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch
From Old Norse Finnr, which referred to the Finn and Sami peoples, combined with land. This is the name of a country in northern Europe, called Suomi in Finnish.
FINLANDE   (Country)   French
French form of FINLAND.
FINLANDIA   (Country)   Spanish, Italian
Spanish and Italian form of FINLAND.
FINNLAND   (Country)   Ancient Scandinavian, German
Old Norse and German form of FINLAND.
FIRAT   (River)   Turkish
Turkish form of EUPHRATES.
FLANDERS   (Region)   English
From Middle Dutch Vlander, from a Germanic root meaning "waterlogged", referring to the marshy landscape of Flanders. This is the name of the northern portion of Belgium.
FLANDRE   (Region)   French
French form of FLANDERS.
FORUM IULII   (Settlement & Region)   Ancient Roman
Latin form of FRIULI, the name of both the region and the town.
FOULDEN   (Settlement)   English
From Old English fugol meaning "bird" and dun meaning "hill". This is the name of a town in Norfolk.
FRANÇA   (Country)   Portuguese, Catalan
Portuguese and Catalan form of FRANCE.
FRANCE   (Country)   French, English
From Latin Francia meaning "land of the Franks". The Franks were the Germanic tribe who settled in the region in the 3rd century. They derived their tribal name from the name of a type of spear that they used.
FRANCIA   (Country)   Late Roman, Italian, Spanish
Latin form of FRANCE.
FRANCIE   (Country)   Czech
Czech form of FRANCE.
FRANCJA   (Country)   Polish
Polish form of FRANCE.
FRANCONIA   (Region)   Late Roman, English, Italian, Spanish
Latin name derived from Frank, the name of a Germanic tribe. This is the name of a region in southern Germany.
FRANCUSKA   (Country)   Croatian, Serbian
Croatian and Serbian form of FRANCE.
FRANKEN   (Region)   German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish
German form of FRANCONIA.
FRANKREICH   (Country)   German
Derived from German Frank, the name of a Germanic tribe, and Reich meaning "empire, realm". This is the German name for France.
FRANKRIG   (Country)   Danish
Danish cognate of FRANKREICH. This is the Danish name for France.
FRANKRIJK   (Country)   Dutch
Dutch cognate of FRANKREICH. This is the Dutch name for France.
FRANKRIKE   (Country)   Swedish, Norwegian
Swedish and Norwegian cognate of FRANKREICH. This is the Swedish name for France.
FRANTSIYA   (Country)   Russian
Russian form of FRANCE.
FRIULI   (Region)   Italian, English, Spanish
From the name of the Roman town of Forum Iulii (now called Cividale del Friuli) meaning "forum of Julius". This is the name of a region in northeast Italy.
FURLANIJA   (Region)   Slovene
Slovene form of FRIULI.
GARY   (Settlement)   English
City in Indiana which was named after businessman Elbert Henry GARY (1846-1927), the founder of U.S. Steel.
GERMANIA   (Country)   Ancient Roman, Italian
Latin and Italian form of GERMANY.
GERMANY   (Country)   English
From Latin Germania, first attested in the writings of Julius Caesar, used to refer to the areas east of the Rhine and north of the Danube. The origin of the term is uncertain. This is an English exonym corresponding to German Deutschland.
GIAPPONE   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of JAPAN.
GIORDANIA   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of JORDAN (the country).
GIORDANO   (River)   Italian
Italian form of JORDAN (the river).
GLYME   (River)   English
Means "bright stream" in Brythonic. This is the name of a river in Oxfordshire, England.
GLYMPTON   (Settlement)   English
Derived from the name of the river GLYME and Old English tun "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of small town in Oxfordshire, England.
GORYEO   (Region)   Korean
Possibly means "walled city" or "center" in Korean. This was the name of a kingdom which ruled most of the Korean Peninsula. The name Korea is based on it.
GRAECIA   (Country)   Ancient Roman
Latin form of GREECE.
GRAINVILLE   (Settlement)   French
Means "GUARIN's town" in Old French. This is the name of various towns in Normandy.
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