All Place Names

type
usage
Londona (Settlement) Latvian
Latvian form of London.
Londonas (Settlement) Lithuanian
Lithuanian form of London.
Londra (Settlement) Italian, Turkish
Italian and Turkish form of London.
Londres (Settlement) French, Spanish, Portuguese
French, Spanish and Portuguese form of London.
Londýn (Settlement) Czech, Slovak
Czech and Slovak form of London.
Londyn (Settlement) Polish
Polish form of London.
Lontoo (Settlement) Finnish
Finnish form of London.
Lorena (Political Subdivision) Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Romanian
Spanish, Portuguese, Italian and Romanian form of Lorraine.
Loreto (Settlement) Italian, Spanish
From Latin Lauretum meaning "laurel grove". This is the name of a town in eastern Italy.
Lorette (Settlement) French
French form of Loreto.
Lorne (Region) English
Possibly from the name of the legendary king of Dál Riata, Loarn mac Eirc. This is the name of a region in western Scotland.
Lorraine (Political Subdivision) French, English
Ultimately from Latin Lothari regnum meaning "kingdom of Lothar". Lothar was a Frankish king, the great-grandson of Charlemagne, whose realm was in the part of France now called Lorraine, or in German Lothringen.
Lothari Regnum (Political Subdivision) Late Roman
Latin form of Lorraine.
Lothian (Political Subdivision) English
From Latin Leudonia, of uncertain meaning. This is the name of a region in Scotland, around Edinburgh.
Lothringen (Political Subdivision) German
German form of Lorraine.
Louisiana (Region & Political Subdivision) English
From French Louisiane, named after King Louis XIV of France by the explorer René-Robert Cavelier in 1682. It originally referred to a large territory in the middle of North America. It was sold by France to the United States in 1803, and the southern tip became the American state of Louisiana in 1812.
Louisiane (Region & Political Subdivision) French
French form of Louisiana.
Louxemvourgo (Country, Settlement & Political Subdivision) Greek
Greek form of Luxembourg.
Loyola (Settlement) Spanish
From Basque Loiola, from loi meaning "mud". This is the name of a place near the town of Azpeitia in the Basque Country of Spain.
Lucemburk (Settlement & Political Subdivision) Czech
Czech form of Luxembourg (the city and Belgian province).
Lucembursko (Country) Czech
Czech form of Luxembourg (the country).
Lucilinburhuc (Settlement) Old High German
Old High German form of Luxembourg.
Lugdunum (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Latin form of Lyon.
Lugodunon (Settlement) Gaulish
Gaulish form of Lyon.
Luguvalium (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Older Roman name of Carlisle.
Lüksemburg (Country, Settlement & Political Subdivision) Turkish
Turkish form of Luxembourg.
Luksemburg (Country, Settlement & Political Subdivision) Polish, Slovene, Serbian, Croatian, Macedonian, Estonian, Indonesian
Form of Luxembourg used in several languages. In Croatian and Estonian this is the name of the country only (the city is Luxembourg).
Luksemburga (Country, Settlement & Political Subdivision) Latvian
Latvian form of Luxembourg.
Luksemburgi (Country, Settlement & Political Subdivision) Georgian
Georgian form of Luxembourg.
Lussemburgo (Country, Settlement & Political Subdivision) Italian
Italian form of Luxembourg.
Lúxemborg (Country, Settlement & Political Subdivision) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Luxembourg.
Luxembourg (Country, Settlement & Political Subdivision) English, French, Norwegian, Danish, Hungarian, Croatian, Estonian
From Old High German Lucilinburhuc, derived from luzil "small" and burg "castle". This was the name of a castle built by Count Siegfried in the 10th century. The city of Luxembourg and the surrounding territory became a duchy in the 14th century, and it is now a small landlocked country between Germany, France and Belgium. This is also the name of a province of southern Belgium.... [more]
Luxemburg (Country, Settlement & Political Subdivision) German, Dutch, Swedish, Finnish, Romanian, Catalan, Hungarian, Slovak
Form of Luxembourg used in several languages. In Hungarian this is the name of the country only (Luxembourg is the city), while in Slovak this is the name of the city only (Luxembursko is the country).
Luxemburgo (Country, Settlement & Political Subdivision) Portuguese, Spanish, Galician
Portuguese, Spanish and Galician form of Luxembourg.
Luxembursko (Country) Slovak
Slovak form of Luxembourg (the country).
Lydia (Region) Ancient Greek, English
An ancient region on the west coast of Asia Minor, said to be named for the legendary king Lydos.
Lyndon (Settlement) English
From Old English lind "linden tree" and dun meaning "hill". This is the name of a few towns in the United Kingdom.
Lyon (Settlement) French, English, German
From Latin Lugdunum, derived from the name of the Celtic god Lugus combined with Gaulish dunon meaning "hill fort, citadel". This is the name of a city in central France.
Lyons (Settlement) English
Variant of Lyon.
Lytva (Country) Ukrainian
Ukrainian form of Lithuania.
Lyuksemburg (Country, Settlement & Political Subdivision) Russian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz
Form of Luxembourg used in several languages.
Lyuksemburh (Country, Settlement & Political Subdivision) Ukrainian
Ukrainian form of Luxembourg.
Macarena (Settlement) Spanish
Barrio (district) in Seville, which got its name from a temple that may have been named for a person Macarius (see Macario).
Macaristan (Country) Turkish
Turkish form of Majarestan.
Macédoine (Region, Country & Political Subdivision) French
French form of Macedonia.
Macedon (Region) English
English variant of Macedonia, used to refer to the ancient region.
Macedónia (Region, Country & Political Subdivision) Slovak, Portuguese (European)
Slovak and Portuguese form of Macedonia.
Macedônia (Region, Country & Political Subdivision) Portuguese (Brazilian)
Brazilian Portuguese form of Macedonia.
Macedonia (Region, Country & Political Subdivision) Ancient Greek (Latinized), English, Italian, Spanish, Romanian, Polish
Derived from Greek Μακεδονία (Makedonia), the name of an ancient kingdom and region that was named after the ancient Macedonian people. Their name was derived from Greek μακεδνός (makednos) meaning "tall, thin", which was descriptive of the people or perhaps of where they lived in the highlands.... [more]
Macedonië (Region, Country & Political Subdivision) Dutch
Dutch form of Macedonia.
Mađarska (Country) Croatian, Serbian
Croatian and Serbian form of Magyarország.
Maďarsko (Country) Czech, Slovak
Czech and Slovak form of Magyarország.
Madinah (Settlement) Arabic
Arabic form of Medina, usually written with the definite article: المدينة (al-Madinah).
Madrid (Settlement & Political Subdivision) Spanish, Asturian, Catalan, Galician, Portuguese, French, Italian, English, German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Finnish, Estonian, Hungarian, Romanian, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Tajik, Uzbek, Turkmen, Mongolian, Turkish, Azerbaijani, Armenian, Hebrew, Arabic, Persian, Indian, Hindi, Indonesian, Filipino, Malay, Tagalog
From Old Spanish Magerit, itself from Arabic مجريط (Majrit), of uncertain meaning. It may be derived from Arabic مجرى (majra) meaning "watercourse, channel" or from Latin matrix meaning "source, origin (of a river)". This is the name of the capital city of Spain as well as an autonomous community surrounding it.
Madriti (Settlement & Political Subdivision) Greek
Greek form of Madrid.
Madryd (Settlement & Political Subdivision) Ukrainian
Ukrainian form of Madrid.
Madryt (Settlement & Political Subdivision) Polish
Polish form of Madrid.
Magerit (Settlement) Medieval Spanish
Old Spanish form of Madrid.
Maghreb (Region) English
English form of Maghrib (the region).
Maghrib (Region & Country) Arabic
From Arabic المغرب (al-Maghrib) meaning "the place of the sunset, the west". This is the Arabic name of Morocco as well as the entire region of western North Africa (known as the Maghreb in English). In Arabic the name is usually written with the definite article: المغرب (al-Maghrib).
Magyarország (Country) Hungarian
Hungarian name for the country of Hungary, derived from magyar meaning "Hungarian" and ország meaning "country". Magyar itself is derived from a combination of two Uralic roots both meaning "man".
Majar (Country) Arabic
Arabic form of magyar (see Magyarország). It is usually written with the definite article: المجر (al-Majar).
Majarestan (Country) Persian
From Persian مجار (majar) meaning "Hungarian" combined with the suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". This is the Persian name for Hungary.
Makedonia (Region, Country & Political Subdivision) Ancient Greek, Greek, Norwegian, Finnish
Greek, Norwegian and Finnish form of Macedonia.
Makedonie (Region, Country & Political Subdivision) Czech
Czech form of Macedonia.
Makedonien (Region, Political Subdivision & Country) German, Danish, Swedish
German, Danish and Swedish form of Macedonia. In German this refers only to the region, while the modern country is called Mazedonien or Nordmazedonien.
Makedonija (Region, Country & Political Subdivision) Macedonian, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Lithuanian
Macedonian form of Macedonia, as well as the form in several other languages.
Makedoniya (Region, Country & Political Subdivision) Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian
Bulgarian, Russian and Ukrainian form of Macedonia.
Malaisie (Country) French
French form of Malaysia.
Malaizija (Country) Latvian, Lithuanian
Latvian and Lithuanian form of Malaysia.
Malásia (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Malaysia.
Malasia (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of Malaysia.
Malaui (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of Malawi.
Malāvija (Country) Latvian
Latvian form of Malawi.
Malavis (Country) Lithuanian
Lithuanian form of Malawi.
Malawi (Country) Southern African, Chewa, Eastern African, English, Swahili, French, Italian, Portuguese, Catalan, German, Dutch, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Finnish, Estonian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Hungarian, Romanian, Turkmen, Arabic
Possibly from Chewa malawi meaning "flame, fire". This is the name of a landlocked country in southern Africa. It was renamed from Nyasaland when the country gained independence from Britain in 1964. Hastings Banda, the country's first president and the man who chose the name, claimed to have seen it on an old map in the form Maravi, referring to a lake.
Malaysia (Country) Malay, English, German, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Italian, Romanian, Indonesian, Filipino, Tagalog
From the name of the Malay people, of uncertain origin. It is possibly from the name of a river, itself derived from Malay melaju or Javanese mlayu meaning "to run, to go fast". This is the name of a country in Asia.
Malayzia (Country) Armenian
Armenian form of Malaysia.
Malayziya (Country) Arabic, Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Uzbek, Tajik, Azerbaijani
Form of Malaysia in several languages.
Maldwyn (Political Subdivision) Welsh
From Welsh Trefaldwyn, misinterpreting it as if meaning "town of Maldwyn". In fact it means "town of Baldwin" (in Welsh both m and b mutate to f). This is another name of the old county of Montgomeryshire.
Maleisië (Country) Dutch, Southern African, Afrikaans
Dutch and Afrikaans form of Malaysia.
Maleshiya (Country) Indian, Hindi
Hindi form of Malaysia.
Malesia (Country) Finnish, Greek, Thai, Italian
Finnish, Greek and Thai form of Malaysia, as well as an older Italian variant.
Malezi (Country) Persian
Persian form of Malaysia.
Mallawi (Country) Korean
Korean form of Malawi.
Malleville (Settlement) French
Means "bad town" in Norman French. This is the name of communes in Normandy, France.
Man (Island) English
From Old Irish Mana, possibly from the Celtic root *moniyo- meaning "mountain". The Isle of Man is an island between Britain and Ireland. It is a self-governing British dependency.
Mana (Island) Old Irish
Old Irish form of Man.
Manainn (Island) Irish
Irish form of Man (from the Old Irish dative case of Mana).
Manaw (Island) Welsh
Welsh form of Man.
Manfredonia (Settlement) Italian
From the given name Manfredi, referring to a 13th-century king of Sicily. This is the name of a town in Apulia, Italy, founded by King Manfred on the site of the Roman city of Sipontum.
Mannin (Island) Manx
Manx form of Man (from Manainn, the Old Irish dative case of Mana).
Maqduniya (Region, Country & Political Subdivision) Arabic
Arabic form of Macedonia.
Marakesh (Settlement) Serbian
Serbian form of Arabic مرّاكش (see Marrakesh).
Marakeshi (Settlement) Georgian
Georgian form of Arabic مرّاكش (see Marrakesh).
Maraui (Country) Japanese
Japanese form of Malawi.
Marche (Political Subdivision) Italian, English
From the plural of Late Latin marca meaning "borderland, march", of Germanic origin. This is the name of a region in central Italy, named for the March of Ancona, a frontier region in the Carolingian Empire.
Marches (Political Subdivision) French
French form of Marche.
Marke (Political Subdivision) Croatian
Croatian form of Marche.
Marken (Political Subdivision) German
German form of Marche.
Marlow (Settlement) English
Means "remnants of a lake" in Old English, from mere "lake" and lafe "remnants, remains". This is the name of a town in Buckinghamshire, England.
Maroc (Country) French, Vietnamese
French and Vietnamese form of Morocco.
Marocco (Country) Italian
Italian form of Morocco.
Marocko (Country) Swedish
Swedish form of Morocco.
Marokko (Country) German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Finnish, Russian, Ukrainian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Turkmen, Mongolian
Form of Morocco in several languages.
Marrakech (Settlement) French, Italian, Spanish, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Finnish, Croatian
French, Italian, Spanish, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Finnish and Croatian form of Arabic مرّاكش (see Marrakesh).
Marrakesch (Settlement) German
German form of Arabic مرّاكش (see Marrakesh).
Marrakesh (Settlement) English, Dutch
From Arabic مرّاكش (Marrakush), possibly from Berber Murt n Akush meaning "land of God". This is the name of a city in Morocco.
Marrakush (Settlement) Arabic
Arabic form of Marrakesh.
Marrocos (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Morocco.
Marruecos (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of Morocco.
Masr (Country) Arabic (Egyptian)
Egyptian Arabic transcription of Misr.
Massy (Settlement) French
Derived from Maccius, a Gallo-Roman name of unknown meaning. This is the name of several communes in France.
Maxwell (Settlement) Scottish
Means "Mack's stream", from the name Mack, a short form of the Scandinavian name Magnus, combined with Old English wille "well, stream". This is the name of a place in Roxburghshire, Scotland.
Maylis (Settlement) French
Meaning uncertain, though said to derive from Occitan mair "mother" and French lys "lily". This is the name of a commune in southern France.
Mazedonien (Country) German
German form of Macedonia (referring to the country of North Macedonia).
Medina (Settlement) English, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, German, Dutch, Croatian, Serbian
Form of Arabic المدينة (al-Madinah) meaning "the city". This is the name of a city in Saudi Arabia, considered a holy site in Islam because the Prophet Muhammad was based there for a period.
Médine (Settlement) French
French form of Medina.
Mediolanum (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Latin form of Milan.
Medyna (Settlement) Polish
Polish form of Medina.
Mehhiko (Country) Estonian
Estonian form of Mexico (referring only to the country, not the capital city).
Mehika (Country) Slovene
Slovene form of Mexico (referring only to the country, not the capital city).
Mehxico (Country & Settlement) Aztec
Nahuatl form of Mexico.
Meiguo (Country) Chinese
From Chinese (měi), referring to America, and (guó) meaning "country". This is the Chinese name for the United States of America.
Meirionnydd (Political Subdivision) Welsh
Probably from the Roman name Marianus. This is the name of a Welsh county (Anglicized as Merioneth).
Meißen (Settlement) German
Probably of Slavic origin. This is the name of a town in eastern Germany.
Meissen (Settlement) German, English, French
Form of Meißen.
Meizhou (Region) Chinese
From Chinese (měi), referring to America, and (zhōu) meaning "continent, island". This is the Chinese name for the continents of North and South America.
Meksiko (Country & Settlement) Finnish, Croatian, Serbian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Southern African, Indian, Afrikaans, Hindi, Bengali, Nepali, Indonesian
Finnish, Croatian, Serbian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Afrikaans, Hindi, Bengali, Nepali and Indonesian form of Mexico. In Finnish it refers only to the country, not the capital city.
Meksyk (Country & Settlement) Polish
Polish form of Mexico.
Memphis (Settlement) English, Ancient Egyptian (Hellenized)
Greek form of Egyptian mn-nfr meaning "enduring beauty". This was the name of an important city in Lower Egypt, serving as the capital during the Old Kingdom period. It acquired its current name in the New Kingdom period from a nearby pyramid of Pepi I. This is also the name of a city in Tennessee.
Mendoza (Settlement) Basque
From Basque mendi "mountain" and hotz "cold". This is the name of a town in Álava, Spain.
Menggu (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Chinese
Chinese form of Mongolia.
Mérida (Settlement) Spanish
From Latin Emerita Augusta meaning "veterans of Augustus". This was a colony founded by the emperor Augustus for his veterans, and it is now a city in Extremadura, Spain. There are other cities named after it in Mexico and Venezuela.
Merioneth (Political Subdivision) Welsh
Anglicized form of Meirionnydd.
Mesr (Country) Persian
Persian form of Misr.
Messana (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Earlier Latin form of Messina.
Messene (Settlement) Ancient Greek
Meaning unknown. This was the name of an ancient Greek city on the Peloponnese.
Messico (Country & Settlement) Italian
Italian form of Mexico.
Messina (Settlement) Italian, English
Later form of Messana, the Latin form of Messene. This is the name of a city on Sicily. Founded by Greek settlers as Zankle, it was renamed in honour of the Greek city of Messene in the 5th century BC.
México (Country & Settlement) Spanish, Portuguese, Finnish, Estonian, Slovene
Spanish (and Portuguese) form of Mexico. This native spelling is also used in several other languages to refer to the capital city, while the name of the country has other forms.
Mexico (Country & Settlement) English, French, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, Dutch
From Spanish México, itself derived from Nahuatl Mehxico. There are many theories regarding the ultimate origin, including Nahuatl metztli meaning "moon" combined with xictli meaning "navel". This is the name of a country in North America, as well as its capital city (the country is named after the city). In French and Swedish Mexico is the name of the capital city, while the country is called Mexique in French and Mexiko in Swedish.
Mexiko (Country & Settlement) German, Swedish, Czech, Slovak, Greek
German, Swedish, Czech, Slovak and Greek form of Mexico. In Swedish it refers only to the country, not the capital city.
Mexique (Country) French
French form of Mexico (referring only to the country, not the capital city).
Miandian (Country) Chinese
Chinese form of Myanmar.
Mianmá (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese variant form of Myanmar.
Mianmar (Country) Hungarian, Bulgarian, Portuguese
Hungarian and Bulgarian form of Myanmar, as well as a Portuguese variant.
Midgård (Region) Norse Mythology
Swedish and Danish form of Midgard.
Midgard (Region) Norse Mythology
From Old Norse Miðgarðr meaning "middle enclosure". In Norse mythology this is the name of the realm where humans live.
Miguk (Country) Korean
Korean form of Meiguo, referring to the United States of America.
Mijanmar (Country) Serbian, Croatian
Serbian and Croatian variant form of Myanmar.
Miju (Region) Korean
Korean form of Meizhou, referring to the continents of North and South America.
Milan (Settlement) English, French
From Latin Mediolanum, perhaps derived from Celtic elements meaning "middle of the plain". This is the name of a major city in Italy.
Milano (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of Milan.
Miranda (Settlement & Political Subdivision) Spanish, Portuguese
Possibly a derivative of Latin mirandus "admirable, wonderful". This is the name of several towns in Spain, Portugal and the Americas. It is also the name of a Venezuelan state.
Mısır (Country) Turkish
Turkish form of Misr.
Misr (Country) Arabic, Pashto, Urdu
From a Semitic root possibly meaning "border". This is the Arabic, Pashto and Urdu name for the country of Egypt.
Misri (Country) Akkadian
Akkadian cognate of Misr, referring to ancient Egypt.
Miðgarðr (Region) Norse Mythology
Old Norse form of Midgard.
Mitzrayim (Country) Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew cognate of Misr, referring to the country of Egypt.
Miyanma (Country) Thai, Khmer
Thai and Khmer form of Myanmar.
Miyanmar (Country) Bengali
Bengali form of Myanmar.
Mjanmar (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene and Macedonian form of Myanmar.
Moçambique (Island & Country) Portuguese, Swedish
Portuguese and Swedish form of Mozambique.
Mōko (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Japanese
Japanese form of Mongolia.
Monggo (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Korean
Korean form of Mongolia.
Mongholiya (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Kazakh
Kazakh form of Mongolia.
Mongol (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Mongolian
Mongolian form of Mongolia.
Mongolei (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) German
German form of Mongolia.
Mongólia (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Portuguese, Hungarian
Portuguese and Hungarian form of Mongolia.
Mongolia (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) English, Spanish, Italian, Greek, Romanian, Polish, Finnish, Norwegian, Indonesian, Malay
From Mongolian монгол (mongol), the name for the Mongolian people, possibly from монг (mong) meaning "brave". This the name of a region in eastern Asia, now divided between the country of Mongolia (historically called Outer Mongolia) and the Chinese region of Inner Mongolia.
Mongolie (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) French
French form of Mongolia.
Mongolië (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Dutch
Dutch form of Mongolia.
Mongoliet (Country) Swedish, Danish
Swedish and Danish form of Mongolia.
Mongolija (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Latvian, Lithuanian, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Slovene
Latvian, Lithuanian, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian and Slovene form of Mongolia.
Mongoliya (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Russian, Bulgarian, Kyrgyz, Uzbek
Russian, Bulgarian, Kyrgyz and Uzbek form of Mongolia.
Monholiya (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Ukrainian
Ukrainian form of Mongolia.
Montana (Political Subdivision) English
Derived from Latin montanus "mountainous". This is the name of an American state.
Montgomery (Settlement) French
Means "Gumarich's mountain" in Norman French. This is the name of communes in Calvados, France.
Moray (Region & Political Subdivision) Scottish
From Scottish Gaelic Moireabh, possibly of Pictish origin, meaning "seashore, coast". This is the name of a historical region in Scotland, as well as a modern council area.
Mordor (Region) Literature
Means "black land" in Sindarin, from mor "black" and dor "land". In The Lord of the Rings (1954) by J. R. R. Tolkien, Mordor is the desolate realm ruled by the evil lord Sauron.
Moriah (Mountain) Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Possibly means "seen by Yahweh" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is both the place where Abraham is to sacrifice Isaac and the mountain upon which Solomon builds the temple.
Moridunum (Settlement) Brythonic (Latinized)
From Brythonic *mori "sea" and *dūnom "rampart, hill fort". This was the name of a Roman-era fort in southern Wales. It is now known as Caerfyrddin.
Morocco (Country) English
The name of a country in North Africa, named after the city Marrakesh. In Arabic the country is named al-Maghrib (see Maghrib).
Mosambik (Island & Country) German, Norwegian
German and Norwegian form of Mozambique.
Mouko (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Japanese
Alternate transcription of Japanese Kanji 蒙古 (see Mōko).
Mozambico (Island & Country) Italian
Italian form of Mozambique.
Mozambique (Island & Country) English, French, Spanish, Dutch, Danish
From the name of an island off the southeastern coast of Africa, named Moçambique by the Portuguese after the 15th-century local sultan موسى بن بيك (Musa bin Bik). This island became the region's Portuguese colonial capital in the 16th century, and the name was eventually applied to a large area of mainland Africa. Mozambique gained independence from Portugal in 1974.
Msumbiji (Island & Country) Eastern African, Swahili
Swahili form of Mozambique.
Mumhain (Region & Political Subdivision) Irish
From Old Irish Mumu, possibly from the name of a goddess Mór Muman. This is the name of one of the four Irish provinces, formerly a kingdom. It is Anglicized as Munster.
Munster (Region & Political Subdivision) English
English form of Mumhain.
Myanma (Country) Burmese
Burmese form of Myanmar.
Myanmar (Country) English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, German, Dutch, French, Czech, Romanian, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Turkish, Indian, Hindi
From Burmese မြန်မာ (Myanma), the name of the main Burmese ethnic group (also called the Bamar), which is of unknown origin. This is the name of a country in southeastern Asia. It was formerly called Burma, derived from a variant of this term.
Naggio (Settlement) Italian
Meaning uncertain, the name of a small town in Lombardy.
Nairóbi (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Nairobi.
Nairobi (Settlement) English, Eastern African, Swahili, Kikuyu, French, Italian, Spanish, German, Dutch, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Finnish, Hungarian, Romanian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Turkish, Japanese, Korean
From Maasai enkare nyrobi meaning "cold water", referencing a nearby river. This is the name of the capital city of Kenya. It was founded in 1899 by the British colonial authorities.
Najrobi (Settlement) Serbian, Croatian
Serbian and Croatian form of Nairobi.
Namib (Region) Southern African, Khoekhoe, English
Means "desert, vast place" in Khoekhoe. This is the name of a desert in southwestern Africa, mainly in the country of Namibia.
Namíbia (Country) Portuguese, Catalan, Hungarian, Slovak
Portuguese, Catalan, Hungarian and Slovak form of Namibia.
Namibia (Country) English, German, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, Finnish, Polish, Italian, Spanish, Romanian, Albanian, Georgian, Armenian, Eastern African, Swahili, Indonesian, Malay, Japanese, Korean
From the name of the Namib Desert, meaning "desert, vast place" in Khoekhoe. This is a country in southwestern Africa.
Namibie (Country) Czech, French
Czech and French form of Namibia.
Namibië (Country) Dutch, Southern African, Afrikaans
Dutch and Afrikaans form of Namibia.
Namībija (Country) Latvian
Latvian form of Namibia.
Namibija (Country) Lithuanian, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian
Lithuanian, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian and Macedonian form of Namibia.
Naples (Settlement) English
From Latin Neapolis, from Greek Νεάπολις (Neapolis) meaning "new city". This is the name of a city in southern Italy, originally founded as a Greek colony.
Napoli (Settlement) Italian, Greek
Italian form of Naples, as well as the modern Greek form.
Narnia (Country) Literature
The name of a fictional country in C. S. Lewis's Chronicles of Narnia series of fantasy novels (first released 1950). It was inspired by the Latin name of Narni, an Italian town in the region of Umbria.
Natzrat (Settlement) Ancient Hebrew, Hebrew
Hebrew form of Nazareth.
Nayrubi (Settlement) Arabic
Arabic form of Nairobi.
Nazareth (Settlement) English, French, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Possibly from Hebrew נֵצֶר (netzer) meaning "branch, shoot" or נָצַר (natzar) meaning "watch, guard". This is the name of a town in Galilee in Israel. It was the home town of Jesus.
Neapolis (Settlement) Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
Greek and Latin form of Naples.
Nederland (Country) Dutch, Norwegian
Dutch and Norwegian cognate of Netherlands.
Nederlandene (Country) Danish
Danish cognate of Netherlands.
Nederländerna (Country) Swedish
Swedish cognate of Netherlands.
Neilos (River) Ancient Greek
Greek form of Nile.
Nemačka (Country) Serbian
Serbian (Ekavian) variant of Njemačka.
Nemčija (Country) Slovene
Slovene cognate of Niemcy, used as the Slovene name of Germany.
Německo (Country) Czech
Czech cognate of Niemcy, used as the Czech name of Germany.
Nemecko (Country) Slovak
Slovak cognate of Niemcy, used as the Slovak name of Germany.
Nemetchina (Country) Russian
Russian cognate of Niemcy, used as a Russian name of Germany.
Népal (Country) French
French form of Nepal.
Nepal (Country) Nepali, Indian, Hindi, English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, Estonian, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Russian, Ukrainian, Polish, Romanian, Slovene, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Bulgarian, Greek, Turkish, Azerbaijani, Armenian, Indonesian, Malay, Sanskrit
From Sanskrit नेपाल (Nepal), of unknown meaning. This is the name of a landlocked country in south Asia.
Netherlands (Country) English
From English nether meaning "lower" and land, referring to the low-lying position of the country. This is the name of a country in northwestern Europe. It is sometimes called Holland in English, though this is properly one of its subregions. In English it is usually referred to using the definite article, the.
Neuville (Settlement) French
Means "new town" in French. This is the name of various towns in France.
Niderlandiya (Country) Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of Netherlands.
Niderlandy (Country) Russian, Ukrainian
Russian and Ukrainian form of Netherlands.
Niederlande (Country) German
German cognate of Netherlands. It is usually referred to using the definite article, die.
Niemcy (Country) Polish
From Slavic němici meaning "mute, not able to speak", extended to mean "foreigner, German". This is the Polish name of Germany.
Niftrik (Settlement) Dutch
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a town in the province of Gelderland in the Netherlands.
Níger (River & Country) Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan, Icelandic
Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan and Icelandic form of Niger.
Niger (River & Country) English, French, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Croatian, Serbian, Late Roman
Meaning unknown, possibly of Berber origin, though influenced by Latin niger "black". This is the name of a river in western Africa (and a country that is named after it).
Nigéria (Country) Portuguese, Slovak, Hungarian
Portuguese, Slovak and Hungarian form of Nigeria.
Nigeria (Country) English, French, Italian, Spanish, German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Finnish, Polish, Romanian, Albanian, Georgian
From the name of the Niger River, applied in the 19th century to the British colonial territory in western Africa. It continued to be used after the territory became an independent country in 1960.
Nigérie (Country) Czech
Czech form of Nigeria.
Nigērija (Country) Latvian
Latvian form of Nigeria.
Nigerija (Country) Lithuanian, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Slovene
Lithuanian, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian and Slovene form of Nigeria.
Nigeriya (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of Nigeria.
Nigiria (Country) Greek
Greek form of Nigeria.
Nihon (Country) Japanese
Alternate reading of Nippon.
Nijl (River) Dutch
Dutch form of Nile.
Níl (River) Slovak
Slovak form of Nile.
Nil (River) Arabic, French, German, Luxembourgish, Catalan, Czech, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Turkish, Azerbaijani
Form of Nile in various languages. In Arabic it is properly written with the definite article: النيل (al-Nil).
Nile (River) English
From Latin Nilus, which was from Greek Νεῖλος (Neilos), possibly of Semitic origin meaning "river". This is the name of a long river in Africa.
Nilo (River) Spanish, Portuguese, Italian
Spanish, Portuguese and Italian form of Nilus (see Nile).
Nilus (River) Ancient Roman
Latin form of Nile.
Ninawa (Settlement) Arabic
Arabic form of Nineveh.
Nineue (Settlement) Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Biblical Greek form of Nineveh.
Nineve (Settlement) Biblical Latin
Biblical Latin form of Nineveh.
Nineveh (Settlement) English, Biblical
From Akkadian 𒉌𒉡𒀀 (Ninua), possibly related to 𒄩 (nūnu) meaning "fish". When written, the name is usually prefixed with 𒌷 indicating a city. This may have referred to an aspect of Ishtar, as from an early time the city was a center of worship of the goddess. The cuneiform symbols used to represent the city's name depict a fish within a house.... [more]
Nineweh (Settlement) Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of Nineveh.
Nínive (Settlement) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of Nineveh.
Ninive (Settlement) French, Italian, German
French, Italian and German form of Nineveh.
Ninua (Settlement) Akkadian
Akkadian form of Nineveh.
Nippon (Country) Japanese
Means "origin of the sun, sunrise", from Sino-Japanese (nichi) meaning "sun" and (hon) meaning "root, origin". This is the Japanese name for Japan.
Nizozemska (Country) Croatian, Slovene
Croatian and Slovene cognate of Nizozemsko, referring to the Netherlands.
Nizozemsko (Country) Czech
From Czech nízký "low" and země "land". This is the Czech name for the Netherlands (for which it is also a translation).
Njemačka (Country) Serbian, Croatian
Serbian and Croatian cognate of Niemcy, used as the name of Germany.
Noorweë (Country) Southern African, Afrikaans
Afrikaans form of Norway.
Noorwegen (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of Norway.
Norge (Country) Norwegian, Swedish, Danish
Norwegian, Swedish and Danish form of Norðvegr, the Old Norse form of Norway.
Norðvegr (Country) Old Norse
Old Norse cognate of Norway.
Norþweg (Country) Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of Norway.
Noruega (Country) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of Norway.
Nørup (Settlement) Danish
Meaning unknown. This is the name of towns in Denmark.
Norveç (Country) Turkish, Azerbaijani
Turkish and Azerbaijani form of Norway.
Norvège (Country) French
French form of Norway.
Norvegia (Country) Italian, Georgian
Italian and Georgian form of Norway.
Norveška (Country) Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Slovene
Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian and Slovene form of Norway.
Norway (Country) English
From Old English Norþweg meaning "north way". This is the name of a country in Scandinavia in northern Europe.
Norwegen (Country) German
German cognate of Norway.
Nowakowo (Settlement) Polish
From Polish nowy meaning "new". This is the name of towns in Poland.
Nowice (Settlement) Polish
From Polish nowy meaning "new". This is the name of a few towns in Poland.
Nubia (Region) English, Late Roman
Possibly derives from the Egyptian word nbw meaning "gold". This was the name of an ancient region and kingdom in Africa, south of Egypt.
Nysa (Region) Greek Mythology
Possibly from an archaic Greek word meaning "tree". In Greek mythology Nysa was the mountainous region where young Dionysos was raised.
Ochtrup (Settlement) German
The name of a town in Germany, of uncertain meaning.
Odessa (Settlement) Russian
From the name of the ancient Greek city of Odessos (which was located at a different site). This is the name of a Ukrainian city that sits on the north coast of the Black Sea.
Odessos (Settlement) Ancient Greek
Meaning uncertain. This was the name of an ancient Greek city located on the west coast of the Black Sea, at the site of present-day Varna, Bulgaria.
Oeganda (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of Uganda.
Oekraïne (Country) Dutch, Southern African, Afrikaans
Dutch and Afrikaans form of Ukraine.
Oesbekistan (Country) Southern African, Afrikaans
Afrikaans form of Uzbekistan.
Oezbekistan (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of Uzbek Ўзбекистон (see Uzbekistan).
Oirschot (Settlement) Dutch
Possibly from Dutch oeros meaning "aurochs" and schoot meaning "projection (of land)". This is the name of a town in the province of Noord-Brabant in the Netherlands.
Olanda (Political Subdivision & Country) Italian
Italian form of Holland 1, referring to the provinces and sometimes the entire country.
Olympos (Mountain) Ancient Greek, Greek
Meaning unknown. This is the name of the highest mountain in Greece. According to legend is the home of the Greek gods.
Olympus (Mountain) English, Dutch, Greek Mythology
Latinized form of Olympos.
Omã (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Oman.
Omaan (Country) Estonian
Estonian form of Oman.
Omán (Country) Spanish, Czech, Slovak, Hungarian
Spanish, Czech, Slovak and Hungarian form of Oman.
Omān (Country) Japanese
Japanese form of Oman.
Oman (Country) English, French, Italian, Catalan, German, Dutch, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Finnish, Polish, Romanian, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Greek, Russian, Ukrainian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Turkmen, Mongolian, Indian, Hindi, Bengali, Thai, Indonesian, Malay, Filipino, Korean, Tagalog
From Arabic عمان ('Uman), probably from the name of an ancient town called Omana by the Roman author Pliny the Elder in the 1st century. It can probably be identified with the modern city of Suhar, and is from an Arabic root meaning "to settle, to remain, to dwell". This is the name of a country on the southeastern corner of the Arabian Peninsula.
Omāna (Country) Latvian
Latvian form of Oman.
Omanas (Country) Lithuanian
Lithuanian form of Oman.
Omani (Country) Albanian, Georgian
Albanian and Georgian form of Oman.
Oostenrijk (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of Austria.
Oostenryk (Country) Southern African, Afrikaans
Afrikaans form of Austria.
Orellana (Settlement) Spanish
Probably from Latin Aureliana. This is the name of towns in Badajoz, Spain.