English Submitted Place Names

English names are used in English-speaking countries. See also about English names.
type
usage
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
Mordovia (Political Subdivision) English
From Russian Мордовия (Mordoviya) derived from the name of the Mordvin (or Mordva) people. The name is thought to be derived from the Iranian root mard meaning "man". This is the name of a republic of Russia.
Moscow (Settlement) English
From the name of the Moskva River, which is of uncertain origin. It may be from the Proto-Indo-European root meu meaning "wet" or mesg meaning "to dip, to sink" or from the Finno-Ugric name Mustajoki meaning "black river"... [more]
Moskva (Settlement & River) Russian, English
Russian form of Moscow. In Russian this name refers to both the city and the river, while it only refers to the river in English.
Mount Everest (Mountain) English
This is a 8848 meter tall mountain on the border of Nepal and China, it’s the highest mountain on Earth above sea level. The mountain was named after the British surveyor Sir George Everest, when the surveyor general of India Andrew Waugh couldn’t find a commonly used local name for the mountain.
Mount Scenery (Mountain) English
This is a volcano located on the Caribbean island of Saba, with 887 meters it’s the highest point of the kingdom of the Netherlands... [more]
Mumbai (Settlement) Indian, Marathi, English
From Marathi मुंबा (mumba) referring to Mumba, a local incarnation of the Hindu mother goddess Devi, combined with आई (ai) meaning "mother"... [more]
Munich (Settlement) English, French
English and French form of München.
Nagorno-Karabakh (Country & Region) English
Means "mountainous Karabakh" from Russian нагорный (nagorny) meaning "mountainous, highland" combined with the name of the region of Karabakh... [more]
Nairobi (Settlement & River) English (British), English (American), Danish, Finnish, French, Hebrew, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese (Brazilian), Slovak, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish
From Maasai enkare nyrobi, which means "cold water" or "cold river". This is the name of a river and the capital city of Kenya.
Namibia (Country) Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Danish, English, Finnish, Georgian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Urdu
From the name of the Namib Desert, derived from Khoekhoe namib meaning "desert" or "vast place". This is the name of a country in southern Africa.
Nantucket (Political Subdivision & Island) English (Americanized)
An island in America.
Naperville (Settlement) English
A city in Illinois.
Nashville (Settlement) English
Name of the capital city in Tennessee, named after Gen. Francis Nash.
Nauru (Country & Island) English
An island country in Oceania
Nayland (Settlement) English
Naypyidaw (Settlement) English
From Burmese နေပြည်တော် (Nepyidaw) meaning "abode of the king" or "royal abode", from နေပြည် (ne pyi) meaning "abode" and တော် (taw) meaning "royal, sacred"... [more]
Nay Pyi Taw (Settlement) English, Norwegian, Occitan, Slovak
English variant of Naypyidaw as well as the Norwegian, Occitan, and Slovak form.
Nebraska (Political Subdivision) English (American)
Name of a state in the United States, from Otoe Ñí Brásge meaning "flat water".
Negeri Sembilan (Political Subdivision) Malay, English
Means "nine states" from Malay negeri meaning "state, country" and sembilan meaning "nine". The name refers to the nine original villages founded by Minangkabau settlers from Sumatra. This is the name of a state in Malaysia.
Nent (River) English
A river in the North Pennines. Its name is derived from Cumbric nent, meaning 'stream'. It is a tributary of the Tyne.
Nevada (Political Subdivision) English
Means "snow-capped, snow-covered" in Spanish. This is the name of an American state.
New Brunswick (Political Subdivision) English (Canadian)
A province in eastern Canada.... [more]
Newcastle (Settlement) English
A city in North-East England. It simply denoted the site of a New Castle, as this is where a castle was erected by William the Conquer in 1080.... [more]
Newfoundland (Country) English
From 1907 to 1949, Newfoundland existed as the self-governing Dominion of Newfoundland. In 1949, Newfoundland joined Canada as a province.
New Guinea (Island) English
New Guinea is a large island in the South West Pacific region. It is the world's second-largest island, after Greenland, covering a land area of 785,753 km², and the largest wholly or partly within the Southern Hemisphere.
New Hampshire (Political Subdivision) English
Name of a state in the United States, named after Hampshire in England.
New Jersey (Political Subdivision) English
Name of a state in the United States, named after the largest of British channel islands Jersey.
New Mexico (Political Subdivision) English (American)
Name of a state in the United States, a calque of Spanish Nuevo México "New Mexico".
Newport (Settlement) English
New York (Political Subdivision) English
Name of a state in the United States, also the name of a city in that state, named after the then Duke of York, later King James II of England.
New Zealand (Country) English
Named after the Dutch province Zeeland. This is the name of a country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
Niamey (Settlement) English, Armenian, Danish, Finnish, French, Italian, Slovak, Spanish
Of uncertain origin; there are several theories on the origin of the name. It may be derived from a combination of Zarma words nia ("tree") and me ("shore where water is drawn"), or from the phrase "Wa niammané" ("take this city"), reportedly said by a Kalle clan chief... [more]
Nicaragua (Country) English
The name of the Country in Central America. Nicaragua, set between the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, is a Central American nation known for its dramatic terrain of lakes, volcanoes and beaches... [more]
Nice (Settlement) French, English
Founded by Greek colonists and given the name Νίκαια (Nikaia), ultimately derived from Greek νίκη (nike) meaning "victory". Nice is a city on the south east coast of France.
Nicosia (Settlement) English
From a French corruption of Greek Λευκωσία (Lefkosia), which is of uncertain meaning. The most probable theory states that it is derived from the Greek phrase λευκό περιουσία (lefko periousia) meaning "white estate"... [more]
Niue (Country & Island) English
Niue is an island country in the South Pacific Ocean.
Nixa (Settlement) English
Named after one of the towns first civic leaders, Nicholas A. Inman. Originally supposed to be called 'Nix' before the inclusion of Inman's middle initial.
Nolita (Other) English
A neighborhood in the borough of Manhattan in New York City. Derived from "NOrth of Little ITAly"123... [more]
Norfolk (Region) English (British)
County in England. Meaning "northern people", from nor, 'north'', and folk, 'people'.
Normandy (Political Subdivision) English (Rare)
English name for the French region of Normandie.
North America (Region) English
Combination of north and America, named after it’s geographic location. This is the name of a continent in the Northern Hemisphere.
Northampton (Political Subdivision) English
From Ham tune, literally meaning "home town" in Old English. The prefix north was added later to distinguish it from other towns called Hampton.
North Carolina (Political Subdivision) English (American)
Name of a state in the United States, Named after King Charles I of England.
North Dakota (Political Subdivision) English (American)
Name of a state in the United States, also the name of indigenous people of the Great Plains, from the Dakota word dakhóta "friend".
Northern Cyprus (Region) English
Northern Cyprus (Turkish: Kuzey Kıbrıs), officially the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC; Turkish: Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti, KKTC), is a de facto state that comprises the northeastern portion of the island of Cyprus... [more]
Northern Ireland (Country) English
Combination of northern and Ireland, named after it’s geographical location. This is the name of a constituent country of the United Kingdom.
North Holland (Political Subdivision) English
Combination of north and Holland, named after it’s geographic location. This is the name of a province of the Netherlands.
North Korea (Country) English
North Korea (Korean: 조선, MR: Chosŏn; literally 북조선, MR: Pukchosŏn, or 북한/北韓, RR: Bukhan in South Korean usage), officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK or DPR Korea; Korean: 조선민주주의인민공화국, Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk), is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula... [more]
North Macedonia (Country) English
North Macedonia (Macedonia until February 2019), officially the Republic of North Macedonia, is a country in the Balkans, southeast Europe. It gained independence in 1991 as one of the successor states of Yugoslavia... [more]
Northumberland (Region) English
From the much larger Anglo-Saxon Kingdom of Northumbria, meaning 'land north of the Humber'.
Northwest Territories (Political Subdivision) English (Canadian)
A territory in Canada.
Norwich (Settlement) English
From Old English "north" and wic "trading center"/"harbor". Name of a city in the county of Norfolk.
Nottingham (Settlement) English
Dervied from its Old English name "homestead of Snot's people"; the initial S was lost in the 12th century, due to the influence of Anglo-Norman French (the combination of sn- is alien to French). Name of a city in Nottinghamshire, from which the county gets its name.
Nouakchott (Settlement) French, English
From Arabic نواكشوط (Nuwakshut), itself from Tamazight Nawākšūṭ meaning "place of the winds" or inua u-kshut meaning "made of wood, made of sticks". This is the name of the capital of Mauritania.
Nova Scotia (Political Subdivision) English (Canadian)
Name of a Canadian province. Means "New Scotland" in Latin.
Nunavut (Political Subdivision) Inuit, English, French
Means "our land" in Inuktitut. This is the name of a territory of Canada.
Nur-Sultan (Settlement) Kazakh, English, Russian
From the given name Nursultan. This is the name of the capital city of Kazakhstan, which was renamed in honour of former president Nursultan Nazarbayev (1940-)... [more]
Oakland (Settlement) English
This is name of places in the United States and Canada (including the one in California).... [more]
Occitania (Region) English
The name of a historical region in southern Europe where Occitan was historically the main language spoken. Not to be confused with Occitanie.
Occitanie (Region) French, English
The name of a southernmost administrative region in France. Not to be confused with Occitania, the historical region which it is named after.
Oceania (Region) English
A geographic region in the southern hemisphere consisting of several nations, including Australia and New Zealand... [more]
Ohio (Political Subdivision) English (American)
Name of a state in the United States, originally used of the river, from Seneca ohi:yo "good river".
Ojai (Settlement) English
Derived from a hispanicized form of the Ventureño Chumash word ʼawhaʼy which meant "moon". This is the name of a city and valley in Southern California.
Oklahoma (Political Subdivision) English (American)
Name of a state in the United States, from Choctaw okla "people" "tribe" "nation" + homma "red".
Oman (Country) Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uyghur
From Arabic عمان‎ (ʿUmān), which is of disputed etymology. It may be from Arabic عُمَانَة (ʿumāna), a byname for the historical city of Sohar (presently located in Al Batinah North Governorate, Oman), which is probably derived from the root ع م ن‎ (ʿ-m-n) meaning "to settle, to remain, to dwell"... [more]
Onslow (Settlement) English
Meaning, "a place within the liberty of Shrewsbury, in Salop', the original and still confusingly used, name for the county of Shropshire.
Ontario (Region) English
Oran (Settlement) English, French
From the Arabic name وهران‎ (Wahran), which is ultimately derived from the Berber root hr meaning "lion". This is the name of a city in Algeria.
Oregon (Political Subdivision) English (American)
Name of a state in the United States, from the name of a large river in the west of North America, possibly from Algonquin wauregan "beautiful".
Oregon Trail (Other) English (American)
Trail in Oregon, USA.
Orem (Settlement) English (American)
Name of a city in Utah, from the name of Walter C. Orem, the builder of the Salt Lake and Utah Railroad.
Orlando (Political Subdivision) English
Name of a city in Florida, named in honor of Orlando Reeves who died in 1835 during a supposed attack by Seminoles in the Second Seminole War.
Orphir (Settlement) English
Ossetia (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) English
From Russian Осетия (Osetiya), from Georgian ოსეთი (oseti) derived from ოსი (osi) meaning "Ossetian". The name comes from As, the self-designation of the historic Alan people... [more]
Ouagadougou (Settlement) English, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Mossi, Norwegian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Welsh
From Mossi Wogodogo, meaning "where honor and respect are received". This is the name of the capital city of Burkina Faso
Overbrook (Settlement) English
This place name meaning "over the brook" is the name of a city in Kansas.
Oxford (Settlement) English
This is the name of a city in England meaning 'ford of the oxen'. It is well known for being the location Oxford University.
Pacific Ocean (Body of Water) English
From Portuguese pacífico meaning "peaceful, calm", ultimately derived from Latin pacificus "peacemaking".
Pahang (Political Subdivision & River) Malay, English
Uncertain meaning, possibly from mahang, the Malay name for a type of tree native to the area (genus Macaranga), or from Khmer ប៉ាហាំង (paahang) meaning "tin". This is the name of a Malaysian state as well as a river that flows through the region.
Palau (Country) English
Palau is an archipelago in Oceania. The flag is a yellow circle in the middle of a blue background, and the country is locally known as Belau.
Palermo (Settlement) Italian, English, Dutch, Esperanto, Georgian, German, Greek, Maltese, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Turkish
From Latin Panormus, itself from Ancient Greek Πάνορμος (Pánormos), composed of the words πᾰν (pan, "all") and ὅρμος (hórmos, "port"), influenced by Arabic بَلَرْم‎ (balarm)... [more]
Palestine (Region) English, Biblical, French
From Hebrew Pelesheth, which probably means "land of the Philistines". This is the name of a historical/geographic region in Western Asia.... [more]
Palestine (Country) English
From the name of the geographical region Palestine 1, which is ultimately derived from Hebrew Pelesheth. This is the name of a sovereign state in Western Asia (officially the State of Palestine)... [more]
Palmyra (Settlement) English
Palmyra is a Syrian city.
Palo Alto (Settlement) English
Name of a city in California, from Spanish palo "(tree) stick" + alto "tall".
Panama (Country) Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Irish, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Khmer, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lao, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Spanish Panamá of uncertain meaning. It may be derived from the name of a tree commonly found in the area (genus Sterculia), from an indigenous word meaning "many butterflies", from Kuna bannaba meaning "distant, far away", or from a Guaraní word meaning "place of many fish"... [more]
Pangasinan (Political Subdivision) Filipino, Pangasinan, Ilocano, Tagalog, English
From the name of the Pangasinan people meaning "place of salt" or "land of salt", derived from Pangasinan pang- meaning "for", asin meaning "salt" and the place marker suffix -an... [more]
Paraguay (Country) Spanish, English
Meaning unknown, but probably derived from a river with the same name. This is the name of a landlocked country in South America.
Parma (Settlement) Italian, English, Ancient Roman, Catalan, German, Maltese, Spanish, Russian
From Latin Parma, itself from Etruscan parme, of uncertain meaning. This is the name of a city in northern Italy.
Pasadena (Settlement) English
Name of a city in California, from Ojibwe pa-sa-de-na, meaning "valley of the valley" "crown of the valley" "key of the valley" or "hill of the valley"... [more]
Pasir Gudang (Settlement) Malay, English
From Malay pasir meaning "sand" and gudang meaning "warehouse, barn, deposit". This is the name of a city in Malaysia.
Paxson (Settlement) English
This is the name of 3 places, two being in America and one being in Canada.... [more]
Pearland (Settlement) English
Combination of pear and land. This is the name of a city in Texas, USA.
Pee Pee Township (Political Subdivision) English (American)
Pee Pee Township is one of the fourteen townships of Pike County, Ohio, United States... [more]
Pembroke (Settlement) English
From the Cantref of Penfro, which was one of the seven cantrefi of the former Kingdom of Dyfed in what is now Wales; which is in turn derived from pen, meaning "head" or "end", and bro, meaning "region", "country", or "land"; therefore, Penfro could be interpreted to mean either "land's end" or "headland".
Penang (Political Subdivision & Island) Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Spanish, Turkish
From Malay Pulau Pinang meaning "betel palm island", from pinang meaning "betel nut" or "betel palm" (a type of tree). This is the name of an island and state in Malaysia.
Penge (Settlement) English
A suburb of London, England. Originally named Penceat, it appears to derive from Brythonic *penno, 'head, edge' and *ceid, 'forest, wood', so likely meant 'settlement on the forest's edge'.
Penistone (Settlement) English (British)
Penistone is a market town and civil parish in the Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley, South Yorkshire, England, which had a population of 22,909 at the 2011 census. ... [more]
Pennsylvania (Political Subdivision) English
Name of a state in the United States, literally "Penn's woods". Penn comes from Pennaeth, the welsh word for "head" "top" and Latin silvania (from Latin silvia) "wood, forrest"... [more]
Penrith (Settlement) English
A town in Northern England. Its name derives from the Cumbric pen, 'hill, top, summit' (Welsh pen) and rith, 'ford, crossing', (Welsh ryd).
Penshaw (Settlement) English
A village in Northern England. The first element seems to be Cumbric pen, which means 'summit, head'. The most obvious explanation for the second is Old English sceaga, meaning 'woods'... [more]
Pen-y-ghent (Mountain) English, Ancient Celtic
A mountain in Yorkshire, Northern England. In the Cumbric Language, the element pen, exactly as in Welsh, meant 'head, top, summit', and y, also as in Welsh, meant the definite article 'the'... [more]
Perak (Political Subdivision) Malay, Tamil, English
Means "silver" in Malay, given in reference to the region's abundance of tin. This is the name of a state of Malaysia.
Perlis (Political Subdivision) Malay, English
Of unclear origin, possibly from the Thai phrase พร้าวลอย (phrao loi) meaning "floating coconut" or "coconut washed ashore", a reference to the many coconuts once found along the shores of the region... [more]
Perth (Settlement) English
Perugia (Settlement) Italian, English, Dutch, German, Spanish
From Latin Perusia, itself from Etruscan Perusna, of uncertain meaning. This is the name of the capital city of Umbria, in central Italy.
Peterborough (Settlement) English
This is the name of 2 cities, one in Cambridgeshire (UK) and Ontario (Canada), and 3 towns, one in New Hampshire (US), Victoria & South Australia (Australia).... [more]
Philistia (Region) English, Biblical
From Hebrew Pleshet. This was the name of a confederation of cities in Southwest Levant inhabited by the Philistines. See also Palestine.
Phnom Penh (Settlement) English, French
From Khmer ភ្នំពេញ (Phnum Pin) meaning "Penh's hill", from ភ្នំ (phnum) meaning "hill, mountain" and ពេញ (pin), the name of a legendary woman who supposedly founded the city in 1372... [more]
Phoenix (Settlement) English (American)
Phoenix is the capital city of Arizona state in the United States of America.
Picardy (Political Subdivision) English (Rare)
English name for the French region of Picardie.
Piedmont (Political Subdivision & Region) English
From Italian piemonte, itself derived from Medieval Latin Pedemontium, ultimately from Latin ad pedem montium, literally "at the foot of the mountains".... [more]
Pierre (Settlement) English
This is a city in South Dakota, USA. It comes from the given name Pierre.
Pisa (Political Subdivision & Settlement) English, Catalan, German, Italian, Japanese, Portuguese, Spanish
From Latin Pisae, itself from Etruscan, of unknown meaning. This is the name of a city and province in Tuscany, Italy, known for its Leaning Tower.
Plainfield (Settlement) English
A city in New Jersey.
Pleasanton (Settlement) English
A city in California.
Plymouth (Settlement) English
The name of a port city in the south-western English county of Devon as well as dozens of locations in the United States, Canada and elsewhere, notably the one in Massachusetts.... [more]
Polynesia (Region) English
From Ancient Greek πολύς (polys) meaning "much, many" and νῆσος (nesos) meaning "island". This is the name of a subregion in Oceania.
Pondicherry (Political Subdivision & Settlement) English
Derived from Tamil புதுச்சேரி (putuccēri) meaning "new town". Pondicherry (Puducherry) is the capital city of an Indian state of the same name.
Pontefract (Settlement) English
From Latin ponte fracto, meaning 'broken bridge'.
Pooler (Settlement) English
From the surname Pooler.
Portersville (Settlement) English
A city in California.
Portsmouth (Settlement) English
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a port city in Hampshire County, UK.
Potenza (Settlement) Italian, English, French
From Latin Potentia, itself from the Latin adjective potens, meaning "powerful", "mighty". This is the name of the capital city of the southern Italian region of Basilicata.
Prater (Settlement) English
Taken directly from the surname Prater. This is the name of a community in Virginia.
Prato (Settlement) Italian, English, French, Esperanto, German, Spanish, Dutch
Italian for "meadow". This is the name of a city in northern Italy, which was probably chosen because the city was founded on a meadow.
Prattville (Settlement) English
Prattville is a city in Alabama.
Prince Edward Island (Political Subdivision) English (Canadian)
Prince Edward Island is a Canadian province. It was named for Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn (1767–1820), Queen Victoria's father.
Princeton (Settlement) English
Providence (Settlement) English
Name chosen by Puritan minister Roger Williams, in honor of "God's merciful Providence". This is the name of several settlements in the United States, including the capital city of the state of Rhode Island.
Provo (Settlement) English (American)
Name of a city in Utah after the Provo River, which was named after the French-Canadian trapper Etienne Provost.
Provo River (River) English (American)
River in Utah, named after the French-Canadian trapper Etienne Provost. The river inspired the name of the city to which it belonged, Provo.
Pudsey (Settlement) English
This name is of Anglo - Saxian origin.... [more]
Puerto Rico (Political Subdivision) Spanish, Afrikaans, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish
Means "rich port" in Spanish. Puerto Rico is a Caribbean island and unincorporated U.S. territory with a landscape of mountains, waterfalls and the El Yunque tropical rainforest. In San Juan, the capital and largest city, the Isla Verde area is known for its hotel strip, beach bars and casinos... [more]
Punjab (Political Subdivision & Region) English
From Punjabi پنجاب or ਪੰਜਾਬ (Panjab) from Persian پنجاب (panjab) meaning "five rivers" or "five waters", derived from پنج (panj) meaning "five" and آب (ab) meaning "water, river"... [more]
Putrajaya (Settlement) Malay, English
Derived from Malay putra or putera meaning "prince", ultimately from Sanskrit पुत्र (putra), combined with jaya meaning "victory", ultimately from Sanskrit जय (jaya)... [more]
Pyongyang (Settlement) Korean, English
From Sino-Korean 平 (pyeong) meaning "flat, level, plane" and 壤 (yang) meaning "soil, land". This is the name of the capital city of North Korea.
Qatar (Country) Arabic, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Persian, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
From Catharrei, the name given to the inhabitants of region by Roman writer Pliny the Elder, which may have been based on the name of a local settlement. The name Catara was later used by Greek astronomer Ptolemy to refer to the peninsula, which was eventually transmitted into Arabic... [more]
Queensland (Political Subdivision) English (Australian), English (British), English (American)
Named after Queen Victoria (1819–1901). This is the name of a state of Australia.
Quezon (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Filipino, Tagalog, English
From the surname Quezon. This is the name of both a province and city in the Philippines, which were named in honour of Manuel Quezon (1878-1844), the second president of the Philippines.
Quito (Settlement) English, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Slovak, Spanish
From the Quitu tribe, whose name is derived from the combination of the Tsafiki words quitso ("center") and to ("world"). This is the name of the capital city of Ecuador.
Rabat (Settlement) English, French, Spanish
From Arabic الرباط (ar-Ribat) meaning "the ribat", referring to a type of fortification used during the Muslim conquest of the Maghreb. It is also used as a shortened form of the city's Arabic nickname, رباط الفتح (ribatu l-fath), which means "fortification of conquest, fortification of victory"... [more]
Racine (Settlement) English, French
Means "root" in French. It is the name of a large city in Wisconsin.
Rakhine (Political Subdivision) English
From Arakanese ရခိုင် (rahkaing), the name of the Rakhine (or Arakanese) people, which is believed to be derived from Pali Rakkhapura or Rakkhita meaning "land of the Rakshasas" (the name of a legendary creature in Hindu mythology)... [more]
Raleigh (Settlement) English
Name of the capital in North Carolina, named for Sir Walter Raleigh, sponsor of Roanoke, the "lost colony" on Roanoke Island.
Rancho Cucamonga (Settlement) English
From the name of a 19th-century land grant (rancho) given to Mexican merchant Tiburcio Tapía (1789-1845), who turned it into a winery. The name was derived from Tongva kukamonga meaning "sandy place"... [more]
Rangoon (Settlement) Danish, Dutch, Swedish, English (Archaic)
Historical English form of Yangon based on the Arakanese pronunciation of the city's name. It is also the standard Danish, Dutch and Swedish form.
Red (River) English
The Red River goes through the southern states of the USA.
Redmond (Settlement) English
This is the name of two cities, one in Washington and the other in Oregon.
Reedley (Settlement) English (American)
A city in Fresno County, California. Named for Thomas Law Reed, a veteran of the Union Army in the Civil War who donated most of his land to the city.
Reggio Calabria (Settlement) Italian, English, German, Dutch
From Latin Regium, itself from Ancient Greek Ῥήγιoν (Rhéghion), of uncertain meaning. This is the name of a city in southern Italy.... [more]
Reggio Emilia (Settlement) Italian, English, Dutch, German, Spanish
From Latin Regium, abbreviation of Regium Lepidi, named after Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, who oversaw the construction of the Via Aemilia. This is the name of a city in northern Italy.... [more]
Regina (Settlement) English (Canadian)
Capital of Saskatchewan, Canada. Meaning "queen", named in honour of Queen Victoria.
Retford (Settlement) English
Retford, also known as East Retford, is a market town in the Bassetlaw District in Nottinghamshire, England, and one of the oldest English market towns having been granted its first charter in 1105
Revere (Settlement) English (American)
A city in Massachusetts named after American Revolutionary War patriot Paul Revere. Revere is an English word meaning "to admire".
Rhode Island (Island & Political Subdivision) English
Name of a state in the United States, said to have been named by Italian explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano when he passed through in 1524, based on an imagined similarity between modern Block Island and the Greek Isle of Rhodes, or possibly from Dutch Roodt Eylandt, literally "red island", a name given by Dutch explorer Adriaen Block.
Richland (Settlement) English
Means "Rich's land". This is the name of a city in Washington as well as several other places in the United States.
Riga (Settlement) English, Russian
From Latvian Rīga, origin disputed. It may be derived from Livonian ringa meaning "loop", referring to an ancient harbor formed by the tributary loop of the Daugava river, from Riege, the German name of the Rīdzene (a tributary of the Daugava), or from Latvian rija meaning "threshing barn"... [more]
Rimini (Settlement) Italian, English, French, German, Polish, Russian
From Latin Ariminum or Ariminium, itself from Etruscan arimna or harimne, of uncertain meaning.... [more]
Rio De Janeiro (Settlement) Brazilian, English
Means "river of January" in Portuguese. Rio de Janeiro is a major city in Brazil. The city was named after the nearby Guanabara Bay which was discovered by Europeans in January 1502.
Rio Grande Do Norte (Political Subdivision) Portuguese (Brazilian), Portuguese, English
Literally "Great River of the North" in Portuguese, referring to the mouth of the Potenji River. This is the name of a state of Brazil.
Rio Grande Do Sul (Political Subdivision) Portuguese (Brazilian), Portuguese, English
Literally "Great River of the South" in Portuguese. This name comes from the Lagoa dos Patos, which was thought to be the mouth of the Rio Grande by Dutch explorers. This is the name of a state in Brazil.
Riverside (Settlement) English
This place name meaning "by the side of the river", this the name of multiple cities in the United States.
Riverton (Settlement) English
Riverton means "river town", and several cities in the United States have this name.
Riyadh (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Arabic, English
Means "meadows, gardens", from the plural of Arabic روضة (rawdah). This is the name of the capital city of Saudi Arabia and a province of the same name. In Arabic it is properly written with the definite article: الرياض (ar-Riyadh).
Rockland (Settlement) English
Rockland meaning "rocky land" is a city in Maine and a town in Massachusetts.
Roraima (Political Subdivision, Region & Mountain) Portuguese, Spanish, English
Of Peron origin, meaning either "parrot mountain" or "green peak," referring to Mount Roraima, located on the border between Guyana, Brazil and Venezuela. Since 1962, the name has also been used on a federal territory in north-western Brazil, which became a state in 1988.
Rosebery (Settlement) English
Australian locational name.
Rotorua (Settlement) English (New Zealand)
A city in the North Island of New Zealand. The city and suburbs are built on the shores of Lake Rotorua.
Roxbury (Settlement) English
A name of several towns in the United States and Canada, including a neighborhood within the city of Boston, Massachusetts.
Royal Oak (Settlement) English (American)
Nicknamed The "Tree City" A city in Michigan,United States It is a suburb Of DetroitRoyal Oak is a city in Oakland County in the U.S. state of Michigan... [more]
Sabah (Political Subdivision) Malay, English
Of uncertain meaning, possibly from the name of the saba banana (a cultivar originally from the Philippines), which comes from a Visayan word meaning "loud, noisy". Other theories suggest that it is derived from a Brunei Malay word meaning "upstream, northerly", from Malay sabak referring to a place where palm sugar is extracted, or from Arabic صباح (sabah) meaning "morning"... [more]
Sacramento (Settlement) English
Name of a city in California, from Spanish sacramento, in honor of the Holy Sacrament.
Sahara (Region) English, French, Italian, Spanish
Derived from Arabic صحارى‎ (sahara) meaning "deserts", the plural of صحراء (sahra') meaning "desert". This is the name of a desert in Northern Africa.
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (Political Subdivision & Region) English
Following the Spanish evacuation, consequence of the Moroccan Green March, Spain, Morocco, and Mauritania signed the Madrid Accords on November 14, 1975, six days before Franco died, leading to both Morocco and Mauritania moving in to annex the territory of Western Sahara... [more]
Saigon (Settlement & River) English
From Vietnamese Sài Gòn of unclear origin. It may have come from Khmer ព្រៃនគរ (Prey Nokor), the Khmer Empire-era name that was used to refer to the region before it was annexed by the Vietnamese in the 17th century (the name itself comes from Khmer ព្រៃ (prey) meaning "jungle, forest, woods" and នគរ (nokor) meaning "kingdom, city")... [more]
Saint Kitts And Nevis (Country) English
Saint Kitts and Nevis, officially known as the Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis, is an island country in the West Indies. Located in the Leeward Islands chain of the Lesser Antilles, it is the smallest sovereign state in the Western Hemisphere, in both area and population... [more]
Saint Lucia (Country & Island) English, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Swedish, Turkish, Vietnamese
It was named after Saint Lucy of Syracuse, Legend states that French sailors were shipwrecked on the island on December 13th, the feast day of St. Lucy, and therefore named the island in her honour... [more]
Saint Paul (Settlement) English
After St. Paul's Chapel, built for French Catholic missionary Lucien Galtier around 1841. This is the name of the capital city of the US state of Minnesota.
Saint Petersburg (Settlement) English
English translation of Russian Санкт-Петербург (Sankt-Peterburg), which is derived from the German name Sankt Petersburg meaning "Saint Peter's City", named in honour of Saint Peter the Apostle as well as Tsar Peter the Great (1672-1725)... [more]
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines (Country) English
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, also often known simply as Saint Vincent, is an island country in the Caribbean. It is located in the southeast Windward Islands of the Lesser Antilles, which lies in the West Indies at the southern end of the eastern border of the Caribbean Sea where the latter meets the Atlantic Ocean... [more]
Sakhalin (Political Subdivision & Island) Russian, English
Derived from Manchu ᠰᠠᡥᠠᠯᡳᠶᠠᠨ (sahaliyan) meaning "black", itself most likely from the expression ᠰᠠᡥᠠᠯᡳᠶᠠᠨ ᡠᠯᠠ ᠠᡢᡤᠠ ᡥᠠᡩ᠋ᠠ (sahaliyan ula angga hada) meaning "island (peak) at the mouth of the Amur River"... [more]
Salisbury (Settlement) English
A city of North Carolina.
Salyersville (Settlement) English
A city in Kentucky.
Samoa (Country) English
An island country in Oceania.
San Antonio (Settlement & River) English
Means "Saint Anthony" from Spanish san "Saint" + Antonio, a Spanish form of the given name Anthony. The river was named after San Antonio de Padua by the first governor of Spanish Texas, Domingo Terán de los Ríos in 1691... [more]
Sandhurst (Settlement) English
Old English, meaning "sandy thicket of trees." A place name. In England, the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst (named after the village it is located) is the prestigious British Army officer training centre.
San Diego (Settlement) English
Name of a city in California, meaning "Saint Diego" from Spanish san "Saint" + the given name Diego.
Sandringham (Settlement) English
Derived from the Old English: "sand" hring "ring"/"circular" ham "homestead". "Sandy circular homestead". The name of a village in Norfolk, where Sandringham House, one of the Queen's country retreats is located.
Sandwich (Settlement) English
A city in Massachusetts.
San Francisco (Settlement) English
Name of a city in California, from the Spanish term for St. Francis of Assisi.
San Jose (Settlement) English
Name of a city in California, meaning "Saint Joseph" from Spanish san "Saint" + Jose, a Spanish form of Joseph.
São Paulo (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Portuguese, English, French, German, Norwegian
Portuguese form of Saint Paul. This is the name of a city and a state in Brazil.
Sápmi (Region) Sami, Swedish, English
Perhaps ultimately derived from Proto-Balto-Slavic *źemē meaning "earth". Suomi, the Finnish name for Finland, is believed to be derived from the same root... [more]
Sarajevo (Settlement) Bosnian, Serbian, Croatian, English
From Turkish saray meaning "palace, mansion, house" and ova meaning "plain, lowland" or the Slavic suffix -evo used to indicate place names. This is the name of the capital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Sarawak (Political Subdivision) Malay, English
Probably from Sarawak Malay serawak or serewa meaning "antimony". This is the name of a state in eastern Malaysia.
Sardinia (Region & Island) Basque, English, Finnish, Georgian, Greek, Norwegian, Romanian
An island which is also one of the 20 regions of Italy.
Sark (Island) English, Ancient Semitic, Medieval Scandinavian
One of the Channel Islands in England. Could be derived from the Proto-Semetic 'śrq', meaning "redden", "rise", or "east", as Sark is the easternmost island. Alternatively, it come from Old Norse 'serkr', meaning "shirt".
Sarnia (Settlement & Island) English (Latinized)
Latin form of Guernsey, also name of several towns throughout the world.
Saskatchewan (Political Subdivision) English (Canadian)
Saskatchewan is a province in Canada.... [more]
Saskatoon (Settlement) English (Canadian)
The name of a city in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan.... [more]
Saudi Arabia (Country) English
From Arabic سُعُودِيّ (suʿūdiyy) referring to the House of Saud, the ruling royal family of Saudi Arabia (see Arabic Saudiyyah), combined with Greek Ἀραβία (Arabíā) referring to the Arabian Peninsula... [more]
Savannah (Settlement) English
Likely from the Savannah River, which probably derives from a variant name for the Shawnee people (natively called Ša·wano·ki, meaning "Southerners") that began to settle near the river in the 1860s... [more]
Sawel (Mountain) English, Irish (Anglicized)
Sawel Mountain (historically known as Slieve Sawel) is the highest peak in the Sperrins, a mountain range in Northern Ireland. This is an Anglicized form of Irish samhail meaning "likeness", taken from its Irish name Samhail Phite Méabha "likeness to Méabh's vulva", referring to a glen or hollow on the side of the mountain.
Scandinavia (Region) English
Likely derived from the Germanic root *Skaðin-awjō, a combination of the reconstructed elements *skaðan- "danger, damage" and *awjō "island". Scandinavia is a region in Northern Europe and usually refers to Sweden, Denmark, and Norway.
Scania (Region & Political Subdivision) English, Italian, Ancient Roman
English, Italian and Latin form of Skåne.
Scarborough (Settlement) English
The name of a city in England. It is mentioned in the folk song "Scarborough Fair" about a fair held in the Middle Ages. A notable version of this song is the one by Simon and Garfunkel.
Scottsdale (Settlement) English
A city in Arizona.
Scunthorpe (Settlement) English (British)
Scunthorpe is a large industrial town in the unitary authority of North Lincolnshire in Lincolnshire, England of which it is the main administrative center. Scunthorpe had an estimated total population of 82,334 in 2016... [more]
Seattle (Political Subdivision & Settlement) English
A seaport city and also the largest city of Washington in the United States.
Sedbergh (Settlement) English
A small town in rural Northern England. Its name derives from Old Norse sed, meaning 'sand' and berg, meaning 'mountain', referring to the mountainous location of Sedbergh and possibly the sandstone hills.
Selangor (Political Subdivision) Malay, English
Meaning uncertain. It may be derived from Malay langau meaning "horsefly", from the name Salang Ur meaning "Salang village" (itself from the name of the Salang people and Tamil ஊர் (ur) meaning "village, town") or from Malay salang possibly meaning "stabbing" combined with jemur meaning "to burn, to dry (in the sun)"... [more]
Seoul (Settlement) Korean, English
Means "capital" in Korean, probably derived from Sillan 서라벌 (Seorabeol), the name of the capital of the ancient kingdom of Silla (which is now the present-day city of Gyeongju). This is the name of the capital city of South Korea.
Seton (Settlement) English
A Scottish place, Seaton near Longniddry, "is so named because it was held from the 12th century by a Norman family de Sey, from Say in Indre. Other places of this name, for example those in Cumbria, Devon, County Durham, Northumbria, and Yorkshire, are mostly named with Old English "sea, lake" and tun "enclosure, settlement"... [more]
Seychelles (Country) French, English, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Romanian, Spanish, Tagalog
From the name of Jean Moreau de Séchelles (1690-1761), a French politician who served as Minister of Finance during the reign of King Louis XV. This is the name of an East African island country in the Indian Ocean.
Shah Alam (Settlement) Malay, English
From the name of Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah (1898-1960), the second monarch of Malaysia and the sixth sultan of Selangor. This is the name of the capital city of the Malaysian state of Selangor.
Shanghai (Settlement) Chinese, English
From Chinese 上 (shàng) meaning "above, top, upper" and 海 (hǎi) meaning "sea, ocean"... [more]
Shreveport (Settlement) English
A city in northwestern Louisiana.
Siam (Country) English, Khmer
From Portuguese Sciam, which was derived from Thai สยาม (sayam) of contested origin. It may have come from Pali suvaṇṇabhūmi meaning "land of gold", from Sanskrit श्याम (shyama) meaning "dark, black, blue" or from Mon ရာမည (ramanya) meaning "stranger"... [more]
Siberia (Region) English, Albanian, Italian, Korean, Romanian, Spanish
From Russian Сибирь (Sibir) of uncertain origin and meaning. This is the name of a region in North Asia.
Sicily (Political Subdivision & Island) English
This is the name of one of the islands of Italy. It is also the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea.... [more]
Siem Reap (Settlement) Khmer, English
Means "submission of Siam", from Khmer សៀម (Siem) referring to Siam (or Thailand) and រាប (reap) meaning "submissive, obedient, tame"... [more]
Sierra Leone (Country) English
The name of the Country in West Africa. Sierra Leone is a country in West Africa, on the Atlantic Ocean. It’s known for the white-sand beaches lining the Freetown Peninsula. The capital city, Freetown, commemorates the nation’s slave-trade history with the Cotton Tree landmark and King’s Yard Gate... [more]
Sikkim (Country) English
Now part of far northern India, Sikkim was an independent monarchy from the 17th century until 1975.
Sinai (Region & Mountain) Biblical, Hebrew, Albanian, Danish, English, German, Italian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish
Biblical place name, both the mountain upon which Moses receives the Ten Commandments from God and the desert where it is located, found between Canaan and Egypt.... [more]
Sindh (Political Subdivision) Sindhi, Urdu, English
Derived from Sanskrit सिन्धु (sindhu) meaning "body of trembling water, river". This is the name of a province of Pakistan.
Singapore (Country, Settlement & Island) English, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog
From Malay Singapura meaning "lion city", derived from Sanskrit सिंह (sinha) meaning "lion" and पुर (pura) meaning "city"... [more]
Skipton (Settlement) English
A town in North Yorkshire, England meaning "sheep town".
Skopje (Settlement) Macedonian, English, French, German
Skopje is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Macedonia. ... [more]
Smara (Settlement) English
Meaning unknown. Smara is a Moroccan-controlled city in the disputed Western Sahara.
Snowdon (Mountain) English
Snowdon (Welsh: Yr Wyddfa, pronounced ər ˈwɪðva) is the highest mountain in Wales, at an elevation of 1,085 metres (3,560 ft) above sea level, and the highest point in the British Isles south of the Scottish Highlands.e
Sofia (Settlement) Bulgarian, English
Capital of Bulgaria named after the Saint Sofia Church located in the city. The name was first used by Bulgarian tsar Ivan Shishman in the 14th century.
Solomon Islands (Country) English
An island country in Oceania.
Soquel (Settlement) English
Soquel is a census-designated place (CDP) in Santa Cruz County, California, United States approximately 75 miles (120 km) south of San Francisco, and forms part of the north coast of Monterey Bay.... [more]
Sortobe (Settlement) Kazakh, Russian, English, Ukrainian
Meaning uncertain, possibly of Dungan origin. This is the name of a town in southern Kazakhstan.
South Africa (Country) English
Combination of south and Africa, named after its geographic location. This is the name of a country in southern Africa.
South America (Region) English
Combination of south and America, named after it’s geographic location. This is the name of a continent in the Southern Hemisphere.
South Carolina (Political Subdivision) English (American)
Name of a state in the United States, Named after King Charles I of England.
South Dakota (Political Subdivision) English (American)
Name of a state in the United States, also the name of indigenous people of the Great Plains, from the Dakota word dakhóta "friend".
South Holland (Political Subdivision) English
Combination of South and Holland, named after it’s geographic location. This is the name of a province of the Netherlands.
South Korea (Country) English
South Korea (Korean: 한국/韓國, RR: Hanguk; literally 남한/南韓, RR: Namhan, or 남조선, MR: Namchosŏn in North Korean usage), officially the Republic of Korea (ROK; Korean: 대한민국/大韓民國, RR: Daehan Minguk), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and sharing a land border with North Korea... [more]
Soviet Union (Country) Russian, English
The word Soviet is derived from Russian совет (sovet), meaning "council, assembly, advice, harmony, concord". This was the name of a federal socialist and communist state that existed from 1922 to 1991, at which time it split into 15 countries - Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Georgia 1, Azerbaijan, Lithuania, Moldova, Latvia, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Armenia, Turkmenistan and Estonia.
Spalding (Settlement) English
This is the name of several places in England, USA, Canada and Australia, including one located in the eastern English county of Lincolnshire.... [more]
Sparta (Settlement) English, Czech, Danish, Finnish, German, Icelandic, Manx, Polish, Ancient Greek, Ancient Roman, History
From Doric Greek Σπάρτα (Sparta) and Attic Greek Σπάρτη (Spartē), which is of uncertain origin but possibly derived from σπάρτον (sparton) meaning "rope, cable" - a reference to the cords laid as the city’s foundation boundaries, though this could be just a folk etymology.... [more]
Spokane (Settlement) English (Canadian)
The history of Spokane, Washington in the northwestern United States developed because Spokane Falls and its surroundings were a gathering place for numerous cultures for thousands of years. The area's indigenous people settled there due to the fertile hunting grounds and abundance of salmon in the Spokane River... [more]
Springfield (Settlement) English
This is the capital of Illinois.
Springville (Settlement) English (American)
The city of Springville in Utah was named after Fort Springville, a fort that religious leader Brigham Young ordered to be built to be turned into a town as soon as possible.
Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte (Settlement) English
From Sinhalese ශ්‍රී ජයවර්ධනපුර කෝට්ටේ (shri jayawardhanapura kotte) meaning "blessed fortress city of growing victory" or "fortified city of victory"... [more]
Sri Lanka (Country & Island) Afrikaans, Albanian, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Sinhalese ශ්‍රී ලංකාව (ś‍rī laṁkāva) meaning "holy island", derived from Sanskrit श्री (śrī) meaning "holy, sacred" and लङ्का (laṅkā) meaning "island"... [more]
Srivijaya (Country) Malay, English
From Sanskrit श्रीविजय (Shrivijaya) meaning "shining victory", from श्री (shri) meaning "diffusing light, radiance, splendour, beauty" combined with विजय (vijaya) meaning "victory"... [more]
Staffordshire (Political Subdivision) English
County in England. From Old English 'stæð' meaning "landing place, ford, and scir, meaning "shire".
Stamps (Settlement) English
Stamps is a city in Arkansas, a state in the southern United States of America. This is where the author and actress Maya Angelou spent most of her childhood.
Statham (Settlement) English
This is the name of a hamlet in the civil parish of Lymm, part of the borough of Warrington in Cheshire (Lancashire before 1974) in northern England. See Statham on the surname site for more information.
St Lucia (Country & Island) English
Short form of Saint Lucia.
Sudbury (Settlement) English
City in Ontario, Canada. Meaning "south fortress" from Old English suð (south) and byrig (fortified place).
Sudetes (Mountain) English, Spanish
A mountain range in Central Europe, which in the Anglosphere is also known under its German name Sudeten.
Suffolk (Region) English (British)
County in England. Meaning "southern people", from suf, 'south'', and folk, 'people'.
Sukhum (Settlement) Russian, English
Russian form of Sukhumi as well as an English variant.
Sukhumi (Settlement) English
From Georgian სოხუმი (sokhumi) of uncertain origin. It may be from Georgian ციხე (tsikhe) meaning "fortress" combined with the suffix ომი (omi) denoting a geographical location or from Svan ცხუმ (tskhum) meaning "hornbeam"... [more]
Sultan Kudarat (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Filipino, Maguindanao, Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Ilocano, Tagalog, English
Named for Muhammad Dipatuan Kudarat (1581–1671), the seventh sultan of Maguindanao, whose third name is derived from Arabic قدرة (qudrah) meaning "power"... [more]
Sulu (Political Subdivision, Region & Body of Water) Filipino, Tagalog, English
From Suluk, the Malay name for the Tausug people, in turn derived from Tausug Tau Sūg meaning "people of the current", from tau meaning "man, person" and sūg meaning "(sea) current, flow of water"... [more]
Sumatra (Political Subdivision & Island) Indonesian, Acehnese, Minangkabau, Malay, English
From Sanskrit समुद्र (samudra) meaning "sea, ocean". This is the name of an island in Indonesia as well as three Indonesian provinces.
Sunderland (Settlement) English
A port city in North-East England. Derives from Old English sundor, 'separate' (c.f German sondern, 'but, instead') and land, 'land'.
Suriname (Country) English
The name of the Country in South America. Suriname is a small country on the northeastern coast of South America. It's defined by vast swaths of tropical rainforest, Dutch colonial architecture and a melting-pot culture... [more]
Svalbard (Political Subdivision) Norwegian, English, Swedish
Originally from Old Norse Svalbarð, composed of svalr "cold" and barð "edge, ridge". Svalbard is a Norwegian archipelago in the Arctic Ocean located right between continental Norway and the North Pole.
Swaziland (Country) English
The name of the Country in Southern Africa. Swaziland, a small, landlocked monarchy in southern Africa, is known for its wilderness reserves and festivals showcasing traditional Swazi culture. Marking its northeastern border with Mozambique and stretching down to South Africa, the Lebombo Mountains are a backdrop for Mlawula Nature Reserve’s many hiking trails... [more]
Swindon (Settlement) English
Previously it was called Suindune which could have been derived from the Old English words "swine" and "dun" meaning "pig hill" or possibly Sweyn's hill which was probably the owner’s name
Taipei (Settlement) English, Japanese
From Chinese 臺北 (Táiběi) derived from 臺 (tái) referring to Taiwan and 北 (běi) meaning "north". This is the name of the capital city of Taiwan.
Taiwan (Country) English
While Taiwan still exists, it is not always considered an independent country. However, it did represent China in the United Nations until 1971.
Tajikistan (Country) English, Indonesian, Malay, Filipino, Tagalog
From Tajik Тоҷикистон (Tojikiston), which is derived from the name of the Tajik people combined with the Persian suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of"... [more]
Tallentire (Settlement) English
A village in Cumbria, England. From Cumbric tal-y-tir, probably meaning 'end of the land'.
Tallinn (Settlement) Estonian, English, Danish, Dutch, French, German, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish
Meaning uncertain, but probably derived from Estonian Taani-Linn(a) meaning "Danish town" (originally "Danish castle"). This is the capital of Estonia.
Tampa (Settlement) English
After the city of Tampa in the state of Florida. Tampa is from a Calusa word, the Calusa being the Native American tribe that once lived in the area. The exact word in unknown; it may have meant "sticks of fire", possibly referring to lightning, or "the place to gather sticks"... [more]
Tangier (Settlement) English
From Latin Tingis, itself from the Punic root tng of uncertain origin. It may have been derived from Berber tingis meaning "marsh", based on the old Berber name ⵜⵉⵏⴳⵉ (Tingi)... [more]
Taranto (Settlement) Italian, English, Armenian, Bulgarian, Finnish, Georgian, Romanian, Russian
From Latin Tarentum, itself from Ancient Greek Τάρᾱς (Tárās), itself probably derived from Illyrian *darandos, meaning "oak". This is the name of a city in southern Italy.
Tarrant (River) English
River Tarrant in Dorset.
Tashkent (Settlement) English, Russian
From Uzbek Toshkent meaning "stone city", from tosh meaning "stone" combined with Turkic kend meaning "city". This is the name of the capital city of Uzbekistan.
Tasmania (Political Subdivision & Island) English (Australian)
From Abel Tasman, the person who discovered the island.
Taumatawhakatangi­hangakoauauotamatea­turipukakapikimaunga­horonukupokaiwhen­uak (Mountain) English (New Zealand), Maori
Taumata­whakatangihanga­koauau­o­tamatea­turi­pukaka­piki­maunga­horo­nuku­pokai­whenua­ki­tana­tahu is a hill near Porangahau, south of Waipukurau in southern Hawke's Bay, New Zealand... [more]
Taupo (Settlement) Maori, English (New Zealand)
This is a city in New Zealand. ... [more]
Tauranga (Settlement) English (New Zealand)
This is a city in New Zealand.
Tawi-Tawi (Political Subdivision & Island) Filipino, Tausug, Tagalog, English
From Sinama Jawi Jawi, which is derived from Malay jejawi meaning "banyan tree". This is the name of an island and province in the southern Philippines.
Tbilisi (Settlement) Georgian, English, Russian
Derived from Georgian თბილი (tbili) meaning "warm", given in reference to the area's sulfuric hot springs. This is the name of the capital city of Georgia (the country).
Tees (River) English
A river in Northeast England. The precise origin of name is not known for sure. But, given that it is one of Britain's major rivers, several theories have emerged:... [more]
Tenerife (Island) Spanish, English
Means "snow mountain" or "white mountain" in Guanche, probably referring to the volcano Teide. Tenerife is the largest of the Canary Islands, Spain.
Tennessee (Political Subdivision) English (American)
Name of a state in the United States, from Cherokee tanasi, the name of a Cherokee village. The meaning is unknown.
Terengganu (Political Subdivision) Malay, English
Possibly from Malay terang ganu meaning "bright rainbow" or taring anu meaning "fang of something", a phrase supposedly uttered by a hunter when he discovered the tooth of an unknown animal... [more]
Teslin (Other) English
Name of a mountain, plateau, river, and small lake in Yukon, Canada, and of a larger lake spanning the Yukon-British Columbia border. The word comes from the Tlingit name for the river, Teslintoo or Teslintuh, meaning "long, deep water."
Texas (Political Subdivision) English (American)
Name of a state in the United States, from Spanish Texas, Tejas, originally an ethnic name, from Caddo taysha "friends, allies" written as a plural.