South Slavic Place Names

These names are used in regions that use South Slavic languages.
type
usage
Afrika (Region) German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Russian, Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Serbian, Bulgarian
Form of Africa in several languages.
Albanija (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Slovene, Lithuanian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Slovene and Lithuanian form of Albania.
Albaniya (Country) Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Tajik, Uzbek
Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Tajik and Uzbek form of Albania.
Amerika (Region & Country) German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Luxembourgish, Latvian, Lithuanian, Russian, Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Hungarian, Hebrew, Albanian, Turkish, Azerbaijani, Armenian, Georgian, Kazakh, Uzbek, Tatar, Bashkir, Chechen, Indonesian, Malay, Japanese
Form of America, used to refer to the continents and sometimes to the United States of America.
Angliya (Country) Russian, Bulgarian, Uzbek, Kazakh
Russian and Bulgarian form of England.
Angola (Country) Portuguese, English, Spanish, French, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Russian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Hungarian, Romanian, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Albanian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Turkish, Georgian, Armenian, Indonesian, Malay
Portuguese form of Ngola, the royal title of the kings of Ndongo, an African kingdom that was conquered by the Portuguese in the 17th-century. It was a Portuguese colony until 1975, when it became an independent country.
Antarktik (Region) Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian
Serbian, Bosnian and Macedonian form of Antarctica.
Antwerpen (Settlement) Dutch, German, Luxembourgish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, Hungarian, Slovene, Croatian, Bosnian
Dutch form of Antwerp, as well as the form in several other languages.
Argentina (Country) Spanish, English, Portuguese, Italian, Russian, Romanian, Czech, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Estonian, Lithuanian, Hebrew, Georgian, Azerbaijani, Indonesian, Malay
From Latin argentinus meaning "silvery", a derivative of argentum meaning "silver". This is the name of a country in South America, arising from a Latinized form of Spanish Río de la Plata meaning "river of silver".
Armenija (Country) Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene
Croatian, Bosnian and Slovene form of Armenia.
Armeniya (Country) Russian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Bengali
Russian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz and Bengali form of Armenia.
Atena (Settlement) Croatian, Romanian
Croatian and Romanian form of Athens.
Atene (Settlement) Italian, Slovene, Japanese
Italian, Slovene and Japanese form of Athens.
Atina (Settlement) Bulgarian, Serbian, Croatian, Macedonian, Turkish
Bulgarian, Serbian, Croatian, Macedonian and Turkish form of Athens.
Australija (Region & Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Lithuanian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian and Lithuanian form of Australia.
Austrija (Country) Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Latvian, Lithuanian
Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Latvian and Lithuanian form of Austria.
Avganistan (Country) Serbian, Macedonian
Serbian and Macedonian form of Afghanistan.
Avstralija (Region & Country) Slovene, Macedonian
Slovene and Macedonian form of Australia.
Avstraliya (Region & Country) Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Uzbek, Kyrgyz
Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Uzbek and Kyrgyz form of Australia.
Avstrija (Country) Slovene, Macedonian
Slovene and Macedonian form of Austria.
Avstriya (Country) Russian, Bulgarian, Kyrgyz, Tajik, Uzbek
Russian, Bulgarian, Kyrgyz, Tajik and Uzbek form of Austria.
Azija (Region) Lithuanian, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian
Lithuanian, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian and Macedonian form of Asia.
Aziya (Region) Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz
Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Kazakh and Kyrgyz form of Asia.
Bahrajn (Country & Island) Polish, Czech, Slovak, Slovene
Polish, Czech, Slovak and Slovene form of Bahrain.
Bahrein (Country & Island) Italian, Portuguese, Dutch, Hungarian, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Estonian
Form of Bahrain in several languages.
Bahreyn (Country & Island) Persian, Turkish, Armenian, Bulgarian
Persian, Turkish, Armenian and Bulgarian form of Bahrain.
Balgariya (Country) Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of Bulgaria.
Bangladeš (Country) Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian
Slovene, Croatian, Serbian and Bosnian form of Bangladesh.
Bangladesh (Country) Bengali, Assamese, Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati, Telugu, English, French, Italian, Portuguese, Romanian, Dutch, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Finnish, Estonian, Russian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Uzbek, Mongolian, Armenian, Hebrew, Persian, Indonesian, Malay
From Bengali বাংলাদেশ (Bangladesh) meaning "country of the Bengali people", from the name of the Bengali people বাংলা (Bangla) combined with দেশ (desh) "country, state". The ethnic name is derived from that of the ancient kingdom of Vanga. This is the name of a country in south Asia.
Belgija (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian, Lithuanian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian and Lithuanian form of Belgium.
Belgiya (Country) Russian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Tajik, Uzbek
Russian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Tajik and Uzbek form of Belgium.
Beliz (Country & River) Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Greek, Bosnian
Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Greek and Bosnian form of Belize.
Belize (Country & River) English, Italian, Portuguese, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Polish, Hungarian, Romanian, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Turkish, Indonesian, Malay
From Spanish Belice, earlier Balis, from the name of the Belize River, which may itself be from Mayan beliz meaning "muddy water". This is the name of a country on the Atlantic coast of Central America.
Belorusija (Country) Serbian, Macedonian, Slovene
Serbian, Macedonian and Slovene form of Belarus.
Benetke (Settlement) Slovene
Slovene form of Venice.
Benin (Settlement, Body of Water & Country) English, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Russian, Ukrainian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Hungarian, Slovene, Serbian, Croatian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Romanian, Indonesian, Malay
From Portuguese Benim, derived from Itsekiri Ubinu, the name of the capital city of the historical Benin Kingdom (present-day Benin City in Nigeria). Allegedly it was initially named Ile-Ibinu meaning "land of anger" because of disputes between different factions. The Bight of Benin (a large bay) was named after the Benin Kingdom, and the modern country of Benin, west of Nigeria, was named after the bay in 1975 (formerly named Dahomey).
Berlin (Settlement) German, English, French, Polish, Hungarian, Croatian, Serbian
City in Germany, the name of which is of uncertain meaning. It is possibly derived from an Old Slavic stem berl- meaning "swamp".
Bjelorusija (Country) Croatian
Croatian form of Belarus.
Bocvana (Country) Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Slovene
Form of Botswana in several languages.
Bolivija (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian, Lithuanian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian and Lithuanian form of Bolivia.
Brazil (Country) English, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Malay
From the name of a type of tree, called pau-brasil in Portuguese (brazilwood in English). It may ultimately derive from Portuguese brasa meaning "ember". This is the name of a country in South America.
Brazilija (Country) Lithuanian, Slovene
Lithuanian and Slovene form of Brazil.
Braziliya (Country) Russian, Bulgarian, Azerbaijani
Russian, Bulgarian and Azerbaijani form of Brazil.
Britaniya (Island) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of Britain.
Brunej (Country) Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Macedonian
Form of Brunei in several languages.
Bruney (Country) Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Tajik, Armenian, Azerbaijani
Form of Brunei in several languages.
Čad (Body of Water & Country) Czech, Slovak, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Slovene
Czech, Slovak, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Macedonian and Slovene form of Arabic تشاد (see Chad).
Chad (Body of Water & Country) English, Spanish, Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Indonesian, Malay
From Arabic تشاد (Tshad), derived from a Kanuri word meaning "lake, large expanse of water". This is the name of a lake in central Africa, as well as the country that is named after it. The lake also borders Niger, Nigeria and Cameroon.
Chili (Country) French, Dutch, Afrikaans, Greek, Russian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Uzbek, Tajik, Mongolian, Indonesian, Thai
Form of Chile in several languages.
Čile (Country) Slovak, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Slovene
Form of Chile in several languages.
Daniya (Country) Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian
Russian, Ukrainian and Bulgarian form of Denmark.
Danska (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene and Macedonian form of Denmark.
Džakarta (Settlement) Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Serbian, Slovene
Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Serbian and Slovene form of Jakarta.
Dzhakarta (Settlement) Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Kazakh
Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Bulgarian and Kazakh form of Jakarta.
Egipat (Country) Serbian, Croatian
Serbian and Croatian form of Aegyptus (see Egypt).
Egipt (Country) Polish, Slovene, Romanian
Polish, Slovene and Romanian form of Aegyptus (see Egypt).
Ermenija (Country) Macedonian
Macedonian form of Armenia.
Estonija (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene and Macedonian form of Estonia.
Estoniya (Country) Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Tajik, Uzbek
Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Tajik and Uzbek form of Estonia.
Etiopija (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Slovene, Macedonian, Lithuanian, Latvian
Serbian, Croatian, Slovene, Macedonian, Lithuanian and Latvian form of Aethiopia (see Ethiopia).
Evropa (Region) Czech, Slovene, Serbian, Bosnian, Albanian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Georgian, Kyrgyz, Armenian, Russian
Form of Europe used in various languages. This is also an alternate transcription of Armenian Եվրոպա or Russian Европа (see Yevropa).
Finska (Country) Croatian, Serbian, Slovene, Macedonian
Croatian, Serbian, Slovene and Macedonian form of Finland.
Francija (Country) Latvian, Macedonian, Slovene
Latvian, Macedonian and Slovene form of Francia (see France).
Francuska (Country) Croatian, Serbian
Croatian and Serbian form of France.
Frantsiya (Country) Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Kazakh
Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian and Kazakh form of Francia (see France).
Furlanija (Region) Slovene
Slovene form of Friuli.
Gabon (Country) English, French, Italian, Romanian, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, Estonian, Hungarian, Russian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Turkish, Indonesian, Malay
Derived from Portuguese gabão meaning "cloak, overcoat", referring to the shape of the Gabon Estuary. This is the name of a country on the western coast of central Africa.
Germaniya (Country) Russian, Bulgarian, Uzbek, Kazakh, Kyrgyz
Russian, Bulgarian, Uzbek, Kazakh and Kyrgyz form of Germania (see Germany).
Gruziya (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of Gorj, used as the name for the country of Georgia.
Harvatiya (Country) Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of Croatia.
Holandija (Country) Serbian
Serbian form of Holland 1, referring to the entire country of the Netherlands.
Holandiya (Country) Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of Holland 1, referring to the provinces and sometimes the entire country.
Hongkong (Political Subdivision, Settlement & Island) German, Dutch, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Finnish, Estonian, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, Polish, Slovene, Macedonian, Korean, Khmer
Form of Hong Kong used in various languages.
Hrvaška (Country) Slovene
Slovene form of Croatia.
Hrvatska (Country) Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian
Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian and Macedonian form of Croatia.
Indija (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian, Latvian, Lithuanian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian, Latvian and Lithuanian form of India.
Indiya (Country) Telugu, Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Kyrgyz, Tagalog
Telugu, Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Kyrgyz and Tagalog form of India.
Indonezija (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian, Lithuanian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian and Lithuanian form of Indonesia.
Iran (Country) Persian, Arabic, English, French, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Romanian, Russian, Ukrainian, Polish, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Greek, Hebrew, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Urdu, Hindi, Indonesian, Malay, Burmese, Thai, Tagalog, Japanese, Korean, Mongolian
Derived from Middle Persian Eran, related to Old Iranian Arya meaning "Iranian, Aryan". This is the name of a country in western Asia, formerly called Persia in the West.
Irlandiya (Country & Island) Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian
Russian, Ukrainian and Bulgarian form of Ireland.
Irska (Country & Island) Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Slovene
Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian and Slovene form of Éire.
Ispaniya (Country) Russian, Bulgarian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Tajik, Uzbek
Form of Hispania (see Spain).
Italija (Country) Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Lithuanian
Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian and Lithuanian form of Italia (see Italy).
Italiya (Country) Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Uzbek, Arabic, Persian
Form of Italy in several languages.
Japan (Country) English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Hindi, Burmese
From Portuguese Japão, which was derived from a Malay form of Riben, the Chinese reading of Nippon.
Japonija (Country) Lithuanian, Macedonian
Lithuanian and Macedonian form of Japão (see Japan).
Jerusalem (Settlement) English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Luxembourgish, Afrikaans, Catalan, Bosnian, Biblical
From Hebrew יְרוּשָׁלַיִם (Yerushalayim), from an earlier Canaanite form like Urushalim, probably meaning "established by (the god) Shalim". This is the name of a city in Israel and Palestine. Originally a Canaanite city, it was conquered by the Israelites under King David at the beginning of the 10th century BC. It is now regarded as a holy city by Jews, Christians and Muslims.
Jerusalim (Settlement) Serbian
Serbian form of Jerusalem.
Jeruzalem (Settlement) Dutch, Slovak, Slovene, Croatian
Dutch, Slovak, Slovene and Croatian form of Jerusalem.
Jordan (River & Country) English, Danish, Norwegian, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian, German, Swedish, Finnish, Estonian, Polish, Slovene, Biblical
River that flows between the countries of Jordan and Israel. The river's name in Hebrew is יַרְדֵן (Yarden), and it is derived from יָרַד (yarad) meaning "descend" or "flow down". The river has lent its name to the country to the east (in German, Swedish, Finnish, Estonian, Polish and Slovene this is only the name of the river, with the name of the country taking a different form).
Jordanija (Country) Slovene, Lithuanian
Slovene and Lithuanian form of Jordan (the country).
Karpati (Region) Serbian, Croatian
Serbian and Croatian form of Carpathians.
Kazahstan (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Romanian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Bulgarian, Macedonian and Romanian form of Kazakh Қазақстан (see Kazakhstan).
Kenija (Country & Mountain) Croatian, Serbian, Slovene, Macedonian, Lithuanian, Latvian
Form of Kenya in several languages.
Keniya (Country & Mountain) Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian
Russian, Ukrainian and Bulgarian form of Kenya.
Kirgistan (Country) Polish, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Icelandic, German
Form of Kyrgyzstan in several languages, as well as a German variant.
Kitajska (Country) Slovene
Slovene cognate of Cathay, used as the Slovene name of China.
Kitay (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian cognate of Cathay, used as the Russian and Bulgarian name of China.
Kolumbija (Country, Region, Settlement & Political Subdivision) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian, Latvian, Lithuanian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian, Latvian and Lithuanian form of Columbia and Colombia.
Kolumbiya (Country, Region, Settlement & Political Subdivision) Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian
Russian, Ukrainian and Bulgarian form of Columbia and Colombia.
Komori (Country) Comorian, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian
Comorian form of Comoros, as well as the form in several other languages.
Koreya (Country) Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Hebrew
Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Kazakh and Hebrew form of Korea.
Krakov (Settlement) Czech, Slovak, Russian, Croatian, Serbian
Form of Kraków.
Laos (Country) French, English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, Estonian, Italian, Spanish, Catalan, Portuguese, Romanian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Tajik, Uzbek, Turkmen, Greek, Turkish, Azerbaijani, Armenian, Hebrew, Hindi, Nepali, Malay, Indonesian, Tagalog
The name of a country in southeastern Asia, derived from the Lao people, the majority ethnic group. Their name may be derived from an Austroasiatic root meaning "human". The name Laos was originally applied to the region by France, who established it as a colony in 1893. It achieved independence in 1953.
Liberija (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian, Lithuanian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian and Lithuanian form of Liberia.
Libija (Country) Lithuanian, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian
Form of Libya in several languages.
Libiya (Country) Arabic, Bulgarian, Tajik, Hindi, Bengali, Nepali, Urdu, Chinese
Form of Libya in several languages.
Litva (Country) Russian, Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Slovene, Bulgarian, Georgian
Russian, Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Slovene, Bulgarian and Georgian form of Lietuva (see Lithuania).
Litvanija (Country) Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian
Serbian, Bosnian and Macedonian form of Lithuania.
London (Settlement) English, German, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Estonian, Russian, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene, Indonesian
From Latin Londinium, of unknown meaning. This is the capital city of the United Kingdom.
Luksemburg (Country, Settlement & Political Subdivision) Polish, Slovene, Serbian, Croatian, Macedonian, Estonian, Indonesian
Form of Luxembourg used in several languages. In Croatian and Estonian this is the name of the country only (the city is Luxembourg).
Luxembourg (Country, Settlement & Political Subdivision) English, French, Norwegian, Danish, Hungarian, Croatian, Estonian
From Old High German Lucilinburhuc, derived from luzil "small" and burg "castle". This was the name of a castle built by Count Siegfried in the 10th century. The city of Luxembourg and the surrounding territory became a duchy in the 14th century, and it is now a small landlocked country between Germany, France and Belgium. This is also the name of a province of southern Belgium.... [more]
Lyuksemburg (Country, Settlement & Political Subdivision) Russian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz
Form of Luxembourg used in several languages.
Mađarska (Country) Croatian, Serbian
Croatian and Serbian form of Magyarország.
Madrid (Settlement & Political Subdivision) Spanish, Asturian, Catalan, Galician, Portuguese, French, Italian, English, German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Finnish, Estonian, Hungarian, Romanian, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Tajik, Uzbek, Turkmen, Mongolian, Turkish, Azerbaijani, Armenian, Hebrew, Arabic, Persian, Hindi, Indonesian, Malay, Tagalog
From Old Spanish Magerit, itself from Arabic مجريط (Majrit), of uncertain meaning. It may be derived from Arabic مجرى (majra) meaning "watercourse, channel" or from Latin matrix meaning "source, origin (of a river)". This is the name of the capital city of Spain as well as an autonomous community surrounding it.
Makedonija (Region, Country & Political Subdivision) Macedonian, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Lithuanian
Macedonian form of Macedonia, as well as the form in several other languages.
Makedoniya (Region, Country & Political Subdivision) Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian
Bulgarian, Russian and Ukrainian form of Macedonia.
Malayziya (Country) Arabic, Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Uzbek, Tajik, Azerbaijani
Form of Malaysia in several languages.
Mali (Country) Manding, Fula, Arabic, French, Portuguese, Italian, Catalan, English, German, Dutch, Afrikaans, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Finnish, Estonian, Latvian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Romanian, Hungarian, Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Albanian, Greek, Hebrew, Armenian, Georgian, Turkish, Azerbaijani, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Tajik, Uzbek, Persian, Urdu, Sinhalese, Hindi, Chinese, Mongolian, Burmese, Thai, Lao, Indonesian, Malay, Tagalog
A landlocked country in Western Africa, named after an empire that lasted until the 17th century. The empire's name is possibly from a dialectal variant of the name of the Mande peoples. Alternatively, it could be from the name of the empire's capital (which has not been located) or from a Mande word meaning "hippopotamus".
Marakesh (Settlement) Serbian
Serbian form of Arabic مرّاكش (see Marrakesh).
Marke (Political Subdivision) Croatian
Croatian form of Marche.
Marrakech (Settlement) French, Italian, Spanish, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Finnish, Croatian
French, Italian, Spanish, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Finnish and Croatian form of Arabic مرّاكش (see Marrakesh).
Medina (Settlement) English, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, German, Dutch, Croatian, Serbian
Form of Arabic المدينة (al-Madinah) meaning "the city". This is the name of a city in Saudi Arabia, considered a holy site in Islam because the Prophet Muhammad was based there for a period.
Mehika (Country) Slovene
Slovene form of Mexico (referring only to the country, not the capital city).
Meksiko (Country & Settlement) Finnish, Croatian, Serbian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Afrikaans, Hindi, Bengali, Nepali, Indonesian
Finnish, Croatian, Serbian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Afrikaans, Hindi, Bengali, Nepali and Indonesian form of Mexico. In Finnish it refers only to the country, not the capital city.
México (Country & Settlement) Spanish, Portuguese, Finnish, Estonian, Slovene
Spanish (and Portuguese) form of Mexico. This native spelling is also used in several other languages to refer to the capital city, while the name of the country has other forms.
Mianmar (Country) Hungarian, Bulgarian, Portuguese
Hungarian and Bulgarian form of Myanmar, as well as a Portuguese variant.
Mijanmar (Country) Serbian, Croatian
Serbian and Croatian variant form of Myanmar.
Mjanmar (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene and Macedonian form of Myanmar.
Mongolija (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Latvian, Lithuanian, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Slovene
Latvian, Lithuanian, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian and Slovene form of Mongolia.
Mongoliya (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Russian, Bulgarian, Kyrgyz, Uzbek
Russian, Bulgarian, Kyrgyz and Uzbek form of Mongolia.
Moskva (Settlement & River) Russian, Ukrainian, Czech, Slovak, Bulgarian, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Azerbaijani, English
Russian form of Moscow. In most languages this name refers to both the city and the river, while in English it only refers to the river.
Nairobi (Settlement) English, Swahili, Kikuyu, French, Italian, Spanish, German, Dutch, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Finnish, Hungarian, Romanian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Turkish, Japanese, Korean
From Maasai enkare nyrobi meaning "cold water", referencing a nearby river. This is the name of the capital city of Kenya. It was founded in 1899 by the British colonial authorities.
Najrobi (Settlement) Serbian, Croatian
Serbian and Croatian form of Nairobi.
Namibija (Country) Lithuanian, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian
Lithuanian, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian and Macedonian form of Namibia.
Nemačka (Country) Serbian
Serbian (Ekavian) variant of Njemačka.
Nemčija (Country) Slovene
Slovene cognate of Niemcy, used as the Slovene name of Germany.
Nepal (Country) Nepali, Hindi, English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, Estonian, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Russian, Ukrainian, Polish, Romanian, Slovene, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Bulgarian, Greek, Turkish, Azerbaijani, Armenian, Indonesian, Malay, Sanskrit
From Sanskrit नेपाल (Nepal), of unknown meaning. This is the name of a landlocked country in south Asia.
Niderlandiya (Country) Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of Netherlands.
Niger (River & Country) English, French, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Croatian, Serbian, Late Roman
Meaning unknown, possibly of Berber origin, though influenced by Latin niger "black". This is the name of a river in Western Africa (and a country that is named after it).
Nigerija (Country) Lithuanian, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Slovene
Lithuanian, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian and Slovene form of Nigeria.
Nigeriya (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of Nigeria.
Nil (River) Arabic, French, German, Luxembourgish, Catalan, Czech, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Turkish, Azerbaijani
Form of Nile in various languages. In Arabic it is properly written with the definite article: النيل (al-Nil).
Nizozemska (Country) Croatian, Slovene
Croatian and Slovene cognate of Nizozemsko, referring to the Netherlands.
Njemačka (Country) Serbian, Croatian
Serbian and Croatian cognate of Niemcy, used as the name of Germany.
Norveška (Country) Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Slovene
Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian and Slovene form of Norway.
Oman (Country) English, French, Italian, Catalan, German, Dutch, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Finnish, Polish, Romanian, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Greek, Russian, Ukrainian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Turkmen, Mongolian, Hindi, Bengali, Thai, Indonesian, Malay, Korean, Tagalog
From Arabic عمان ('Uman), probably from the name of an ancient town called Omana by the Roman author Pliny the Elder in the 1st century. It can probably be identified with the modern city of Suhar, and is from an Arabic root meaning "to settle, to remain, to dwell". This is the name of a country on the southeastern corner of the Arabian Peninsula.
Padova (Settlement) Italian, Romanian, Croatian, Serbian
Italian, Romanian, Croatian and Serbian form of Padua.
Pakistan (Country) Urdu, Punjabi, English, Italian, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Polish, Slovak, Russian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Serbian
From Persian پاک (pak) meaning "pure" and the suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". The name was coined in 1933 by the Pakistani nationalist Choudhry Rahmat Ali who justified it as an acronym of Punjab, Afghania, Kashmir and Sindh, plus the final three letters of Baluchistan.
Panama (Country & Settlement) English, French, Italian, German, Dutch, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Icelandic, Finnish, Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Hungarian, Romanian, Slovene, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Ukrainian, Russian, Belarusian, Turkish, Azerbaijani, Armenian, Georgian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Tajik, Uzbek, Persian, Urdu, Hindi, Bengali, Burmese, Thai, Lao, Khmer, Indonesian, Malay, Tagalog, Japanese, Korean
From Spanish Panamá, of uncertain meaning. It may be derived from the name of a tree commonly found in the area (species Sterculia apetala). Alternatively it could be related to Guaraní panambi meaning "butterfly" or Kuna bannaba meaning "distant, far away". This is the name of a country in Central America. It is also the name of its capital, usually called Panama City in English.
Paragvaj (Country & River) Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian
Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian and Macedonian of Paraguay.
Paragvay (Country) Russian, Bulgarian, Kazakh
Russian, Bulgarian and Kazakh form of Paraguay.
Pariz (Settlement) Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Hebrew, Armenian
Form of Paris in several languages.
Pekin (Settlement) Japanese, Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Polish, Turkish, Azerbaijani, Armenian, Uzbek, Turkmen
Form of Beijing in several languages.
Peking (Settlement) German, Dutch, Luxembourgish, Swedish, Finnish, Estonian, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, English (Archaic)
Form of Beijing in various languages, as well as an older English form.
Peru (Country) English, Portuguese, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Russian, Ukrainian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Hungarian, Croatian, Serbian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Turkish, Azerbaijani, Georgian, Hindi
From Spanish Perú, older Birú, which was possibly derived from the name of a chieftain (who nevertheless resided in modern-day Panama).
Poljska (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian and Slovene form of Poland.
Polsha (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of Poland.
Polska (Country) Polish, Macedonian
Polish (and Macedonian) form of Poland.
Portugal (Country) Portuguese, English, French, Spanish, Galician, Catalan, German, Dutch, Luxembourgish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Estonian, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Indonesian, Malay
From Portugale, which was derived from Portus Cale, the old name of the city of Porto. The name of the city was later applied to the entire country.
Portugalija (Country) Lithuanian, Macedonian, Serbian
Lithuanian, Macedonian and Serbian form of Portugal.
Portugaliya (Country) Russian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Uzbek
Russian, Bulgarian, Kazakh and Uzbek form of Portugal.
Prag (Settlement) German, Swedish, Danish, Icelandic, Luxembourgish, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Turkish
German, Swedish, Danish, Icelandic, Luxembourgish, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian and Turkish form of Praha (see Prague).
Praga (Settlement) Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Polish, Slovene, Russian, Bulgarian, Greek
Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Polish, Slovene, Russian, Bulgarian and Greek form of Praha (see Prague).
Romanija (Country) Macedonian
Macedonian form of Romania.
Ruanda (Country) German, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Catalan, Finnish, Latvian, Lithuanian, Hungarian, Slovene, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Ukrainian, Georgian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Turkish, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Tajik, English, French
Form of Brunei in several languages, as well as a variant spelling in other languages.
Rumaniya (Country) Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of Romania.
Rumunija (Country) Serbian, Lithuanian
Serbian and Lithuanian form of Romania.
Rumunjska (Country) Croatian
Croatian form of Romania.
Rusija (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Slovene, Macedonian, Lithuanian
Serbian, Croatian, Slovene, Macedonian and Lithuanian form of Russia.
Rusiya (Country) Arabic, Bulgarian, Tajik, Azerbaijani
Arabic, Bulgarian, Tajik and Azerbaijani form of Russia.
Sarbiya (Country) Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of Serbia.
Senegal (River & Country) Portuguese, English, Spanish, Italian, German, Swedish, Dutch, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, Estonian, Russian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Romanian, Turkish, Armenian, Persian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Tajik, Uzbek, Turkmen, Mongolian, Hindi, Bengali, Korean, Indonesian, Malay, Tagalog
From Portuguese, possibly from the name of the Berber Zenaga people of northern Senegal. This is the name of a river in Western Africa, and a country named after it. It gained independence from France in 1960.
Sirija (Country) Lithuanian, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian
Lithuanian, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Slovene and Macedonian form of Syria.
Slovačka (Country) Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian
Croatian, Serbian and Macedonian form of Slovakia.
Slovaška (Country) Slovene
Slovene form of Slovakia.
Slovenija (Country) Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian
From Old Slavic slověne referring to the tribe of the Slavs. This is the Slovene name for Slovenia.
Sloveniya (Country) Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Tajik, Uzbek
Form of Slovenia in several languages.
Somalija (Country) Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Slovene
Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian and Slovene form of Somalia.
Španija (Country) Serbian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian
Serbian, Bosnian, Slovene and Macedonian form of Hispania (see Spain).
Španjolska (Country) Croatian
Croatian form of Hispania (see Spain).
Srbija (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene and Macedonian form of Serbia.
Sudan (Country) English, Arabic, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Italian, Russian, Ukrainian, Polish, Slovene, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Romanian, Turkish, Azerbaijani, Indonesian, Malay, Chinese, Thai
From Arabic سُود (sud) meaning "black", referring to the darker skin of the inhabitants. This is the name of a country in Africa. In Arabic it is properly written with the definite article: السُودان (al-Sudan).
Švajcarija (Country) Macedonian
Macedonian form of Schweiz, used as the Macedonian name for Switzerland.
Švajcarska (Country) Serbian
Serbian form of Schweiz, used as the Serbian name for Switzerland.
Švedska (Country) Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Slovene
Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian and Slovene form of Sweden.
Švicarska (Country) Croatian
Croatian form of Schweiz, used as the Croatian name for Switzerland.
Tajland (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Macedonian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian and Macedonian form of Thailand.
Tanzanija (Country) Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian, Lithuanian
Form of Tanzania in several languages.
Tanzaniya (Country) Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Tajik, Uzbek
Form of Tanzania in several languages.
Teheran (Settlement) German, Dutch, Italian, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Polish, Romanian, Croatian, Serbian
Form of Tehran in several languages.
Troja (Settlement) German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Polish, Croatian, Serbian
Form of Troy in several languages.
Turska (Country) Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian
Croatian, Serbian and Bosnian form of Turcia (see Turkey).
Turtsiya (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of Turcia (see Turkey).
Uganda (Country) English, Ganda, Swahili, German, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Hungarian, Romanian, Russian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Turkish, Georgian, Armenian, Hebrew, Persian, Indonesian, Japanese, Korean, Malay
From Buganda, the name of a kingdom within Uganda, which means "land of the Ganda" in the Luganda language. The Ganda are an ethnic group, their name possibly deriving from a Bantu word meaning "family". Uganda is a landlocked country in East Africa.
Ukrajina (Country) Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian
Form of Ukraine in several languages.
Urugvaj (Country & River) Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian
Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian and Macedonian of Uruguay.
Urugvay (Country & River) Russian, Bulgarian, Kazakh
Russian, Bulgarian and Kazakh of Uruguay.
Uzbekistan (Country) English, Russian, Slovak, Serbian, Croatian, Bulgarian, Swedish
From Uzbek O'zbekiston, derived from the ethnic name O'zbek (which is probably in part from Turkic beg meaning "chieftain, master") combined with the Persian suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". This is the name of a country in central Asia.
Varšava (Settlement) Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene
Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Serbian and Slovene form of Warszawa (see Warsaw).
Venecuela (Country) Serbian, Macedonian, Bosnian, Croatian
Serbian, Macedonian and Bosnian form of Venezuela, as well as a Croatian variant.
Venetsuela (Country) Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of Venezuela.
Venezuela (Country) Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, French, English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Czech, Slovak, Hungarian, Romanian, Slovene, Croatian, Albanian, Turkish, Indonesian, Malay
Possibly from Italian Veneziola meaning "little Venice". This is the name of a country on the northern coast of South America. The region was supposedly named this in 1499 by a Spanish expedition (which included Amerigo Vespucci) because an indigenous town on Lake Maracaibo was built on stilts over the water, reminiscent of the Italian city. Another theory suggests that the country's name comes from Veneciuela, the name of a local people.
Vietnam (Country) English, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Italian, Spanish, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Greek, Indonesian, Malay
From Việt Nam, meaning "southern Yue", derived from Sino-Vietnamese (việt), referring to the Yue people, and (nam) meaning "south". This is the name of a country in southeastern Asia.
Vijetnam (Country) Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian
Croatian, Serbian and Bosnian form of Vietnamese Chữ Nôm 越南 (see Vietnam).
Yemen (Country) English, Danish, Italian, Spanish, Romanian, Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Turkish, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Chinese, Korean, Thai, Tagalog
From Arabic يمن (Yaman), probably derived from يمين (yamin) meaning "right hand, south". This is the name of a country at the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula.
Yordaniya (Country) Bulgarian, Ukrainian
Bulgarian and Ukrainian form of Jordan (the country).
Zambija (Country) Latvian, Lithuanian, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian
Form of Zambia in several languages.
Zambiya (Country) Russian, Bulgarian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Kazakh, Turkish, Arabic
Form of Zambia in several languages.