Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
ABKHAZIA (Country) English
From Russian Абхазия (Abkhaziya)
, which is ultimately from Georgian აფხაზეთი (Apxazeti)
derived from the Georgian exonym for the Abkhaz people, აფხაზი (Apxazi)
ACÁDIA (Country, Region & Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of both Acadia
(mostly the ancient city, but sometimes also the Akkadian Empire).
ANDORRA (Country) Various
The name of the country of Andorra, whose name is possibly derived from a Basque word andurrial (“shrub-covered land”), but it may come from Arabic الدرا (“the forest”) or Spanish andar (“to walk”).
ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA (Country) English
The history of Antigua and Barbuda can be separated into three distinct eras. In the first, the islands were inhabited by three successive Amerindian societies. The islands were neglected by the first wave of European colonization, but were settled by England in 1632... [more]
AONIA (Country) English
This was an ancient name of the country of Boeotia in Greek legend, allegedly derived from that of the hero Aon
. Aonia was a region sacred to the Muses, whom the English poet Alexander Pope called the "Aonian maids".
APKHAZETI (Country) Georgian
From აფხაზი (apxazi)
, the Georgian exonym for the Abkhaz people, and the suffix -ეთი (-eti)
used to indicate location. This is the Georgian name for Abkhazia
APSNY (Country) Abkhaz
From аԥсуаа (apsuaa)
, the endonym of the Abkhaz people. The ethnic name itself is of uncertain meaning; one theory suggests that it means "land of the soul" or "land of mortals". This is the Abkhaz name for ABKHAZIA
ARMANESTAN (Country) Persian
From Persian ارمن (Arman)
referring to Armenia and combined with the suffix ـستان (stan)
meaning "land of". This is the Persian name for Armenia
ARUBA (Country) Aruban
Aruba is a colony of the Netherlands. The flag has a blue background with two horizontal yellow stripes, nearly touching the bottom, and a red cross in the top left corner, outlined with white.
AUSTRIA (Country) English
Medieval Latin word meaning "eastern borderland" Austriaca is the Latinised form of the Old High German name for the country, Ostarreich, which means 'eastern kingdom'; ostar meaning 'eastern' and reich meaning 'kingdom' in Old High German.
AUSTRIA-HUNGARY (Country) History
A monarchy (also known as the Austro-Hungarian Empire) that was established in 1867 and included not just Austria and Hungary, but also parts of the Czech Republic, Poland, Italy, Romania, and the Balkans.... [more]
BAHAMAS (Country) English
The name of the Country in the Caribbean. The Bahamas is a coral-based archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean. Its 700-plus islands and cays range from uninhabited to packed with resorts. The northernmost, Grand Bahama, and Paradise Island, home to many large-scale hotels, are among the best known... [more]
BAHAMAS THE (Country) English
The Bahamas (/bəˈhɑːməz/ (About this soundlisten)), known officially as the Commonwealth of The Bahamas, is a country within the Lucayan Archipelago in the West Indies. It is a member of the Commonwealth Realms under the monarchy of Queen Elizabeth II... [more]
BAHRAIN (Country) English
The name of the Country in the Middle East. Bahrain, a nation comprising more than 30 islands in the Persian Gulf, has been at the center of major trade routes since antiquity. In its modern capital, Manama, the acclaimed Bahrain National Museum showcases artifacts from the ancient Dilmun civilization that flourished in the region for millennia... [more]
BANGLADESH (Country) English, Breton, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Interlingua, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish
Means "land of the Bengalis", from Bengali বাংলা (Bangla)
meaning "Bengali" (referring to the Bengali people or Bengali language spoken by the Bengali people), which is ultimately from Vanga
, the name of an ancient kingdom on the Indian subcontinent (see BENGAL
) combined with দেশ (desh)
"country, land, state", ultimately from Sanskrit देश (deśá)
BARBADOS (Country) English
The name of the Country in the Caribbean. Barbados is an eastern Caribbean island and an independent British Commonwealth nation. Bridgetown, the capital, is a cruise-ship port with colonial buildings and Nidhe Israel, a synagogue founded in 1654... [more]
BENGAL (Country) English
An independent kingdom from 1338-1539, now part of Bangladesh and India.
BENIN (Country) English, Croatian
The name of the Country in West Africa. Benin, a French-speaking West African nation, is a birthplace of the vodun (or “voodoo”) religion and home to the former Dahomey Kingdom from circa 1600–1900... [more]
BHUTAN (Country) English
Meaning uncertain, though one theory suggests an origin from Tibetan བོད (Bod)
, referring to the present-day region of TIBET
, which ultimately derives from Sanskrit भोट-अन्त (Bhoṭa-anta)
meaning "end of Tibet", relating to Bhutan's geographical position as the southern extremity of the Tibetan plateau... [more]
BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA (Country) English
Bosnia and Herzegovina, abbreviated BiH or B&H, sometimes called Bosnia–Herzegovina and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country of South and Southeast Europe, located within the Balkans. Sarajevo is the capital and largest city.
BOTSWANA (Country) English
The name of the Country in Southern Africa. Botswana, a landlocked country in Southern Africa, has a landscape defined by the Kalahari Desert and the Okavango Delta, which becomes a lush animal habitat during the seasonal floods... [more]
BRUNEI (Country) Malay, English, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
Probably derived from Borneo
, the name of an island, which in turn is most likely from Sanskrit वरुण (váruṇa)
meaning "ocean, water". A local legend suggests that the name may be derived from the phrase baru nah
meaning "there!" or "that's it!", which was supposedly declared by Muhammad Shah, Brunei's first sultan... [more]
BULGARETI (Country) Georgian
From Georgian ბულგარული (bulgaruli)
referring to the Bulgarian people and the suffix -ეთი (-eti)
used to indicate location. This is the Georgian name for Bulgaria
BURUNDI (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Breton, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
The name of the Country in East Africa. Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi, is a landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region of East Africa, bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.
CAMBODIA (Country) English
From French Cambodge
, which is taken from the Khmer name កម្ពុជា (Kampuchea)
. The name comes from Sanskrit कम्बोजदेश (Kambujadeśa)
, which is a combination of काम्बोज (kāmboja)
, the name of a tribe and kingdom described in Hindu literature, and देश (deśá)
meaning "kingdom, country"... [more]
CAMEROON (Country) English
The name of the Country in Central Africa. Cameroon, on the Gulf of Guinea, is a Central African country of varied terrain and wildlife. Its inland capital, Yaoundé, and its biggest city, the seaport Douala, are transit points to ecotourism sites as well as beach resorts like Kribi – near the Chutes de la Lobé waterfalls, which plunge directly into the sea – and Limbe, where the Limbe Wildlife Centre houses rescued primates.
CAPE VERDE (Country) Portuguese (African)
Cape Verde (/ˈvɜːrd(i)/) or Cabo Verde (/ˌkɑːboʊ ˈvɜːrdeɪ/, /ˌkæb-/) (Portuguese: Cabo Verde, pronounced ˈkabu ˈveɾdɨ
), officially the Republic of Cabo Verde, is an island country spanning an archipelago of 10 volcanic islands in the central Atlantic Ocean.
CEYLON (Country) English
Previous name of the country Sri Lanka. The name Ceylon most likely traces its roots back to the Sanskrit Sinha
, meaning "lion". As lions are not native to Sri Lanka, another possible interpretation of the name is "lion-like man" or "hero".
CHAMPA (Country) Champa
Located in south and central Vietnam from the 7th century through 1832.
CHINETI (Country) Georgian
From Georgian ჩინური (chinuri)
referring to the Chinese people and the suffix -ეთი (-eti)
used to indicate location. This is the Georgian name for China
COSTARICA (Country) Spanish
The name of the Country in Central America. Costa Rica is a rugged, rainforested Central American country with coastlines on the Caribbean and Pacific. Though its capital, San Jose, is home to cultural institutions like the Pre-Columbian Gold Museum, Costa Rica is known for its beaches, volcanoes, and biodiversity... [more]
CUBA (Country) English
From the Taíno language. The exact meaning of the name is unclear but it may be translated either as 'where fertile land is abundant' (cubao)
, or 'great place' (coabana)
. Authors who believe that Christopher Columbus was Portuguese state that Cuba was named by Columbus for the town of Cuba in the district of Beja in PORTUGAL
DJIBOUTI (Country) English
The name of the Country in East Africa. Djibouti, on the Horn of Africa, is a mostly French- and Arabic-speaking country of dry shrublands, volcanic formations and Gulf of Aden beaches. It's home to one of the saltiest bodies of water in the world, the low-lying Lake Assal, in the Danakil Desert... [more]
ECUADOR (Country) English
The name of the Country in South America. Ecuador is a country straddling the equator on South America’s west coast. Its diverse landscape encompasses Amazon jungle, Andean highlands and the wildlife-rich Galápagos Islands... [more]
EL SALVADOR (Country) Spanish
El Salvador is a small Central American nation. It's known for its Pacific Ocean beaches, surf spots and mountainous landscape. Its Ruta de Las Flores is a winding route past coffee farms, rainforests with waterfalls and towns like Juayúa, with its weekend food festival, plus Ataco, home to vivid murals... [more]
FAROE ISLANDS (Country) English
English form of FØROYAR
. The name is probably derived from Old Norse fær
"sheep". The Faroe Islands are an autonomous country within the Danish kingdom.
FØROYAR (Country) Faroese
Probably derived from Old Norse fær
"sheep" and oyer
, an archaic Faroese word meaning "islands".
GABON (Country) English, Croatian
The name of the Country in Central Africa. Gabon, a country along the Atlantic coast of Central Africa, has significant areas of protected parkland. The forested coastal terrain of its famed Loango National Park shelters a diversity of wildlife, from gorillas and hippos to whales... [more]
GAMBIA (Country) English
The name of the Country in West Africa. The Gambia is a small West African country, bounded by Senegal, with a narrow Atlantic coastline. It's known for its diverse ecosystems around the central Gambia River... [more]
GRAN COLOMBIA (Country) History
A South American country that included what is now Colombia, Panama, Venezuela, and Ecuador from 1819-1830. Gran Colombia ceased to exist when Venezuela and Ecuador seceded.
GUATEMALA (Country) English
The name of the Country in Central America. Guatemala, a Central American country south of Mexico, is home to volcanoes, rainforests and ancient Mayan sites. The capital, Guatemala City, features the stately National Palace of Culture and the National Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology... [more]
GUYANA (Country) English
The name of the Country in South America. Guyana, a country on South America’s North Atlantic coast, is defined by its dense rainforest. English-speaking, with cricket and calypso music, it's culturally connected to the Caribbean region... [more]
GWALIA (Country) Welsh (Archaic)
Gwalia is an archaic Welsh name for "Wales". It derives from the Medieval Latin Wallia
, which in turn is a Latinisation of the English 'Wales'. Although never as widely used as Cymru, Gwalia was once popular as a poetic name for the country.... [more]
HAITI (Country) English
The name of the Country in the Caribbean. Haiti is a Caribbean country that shares the island of Hispaniola with the Dominican Republic to its east. Though it’s still recovering from a 2010 earthquake, many of Haiti's landmarks dating to the early 19th century remain intact... [more]
INDOETI (Country) Georgian
From Georgian ინდური (induri)
referring to the Indian people and the suffix -ეთი (-eti)
used to indicate location. This is the Georgian name for India
JEMEN (Country) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish
Form of Yemen
KATAR (Country) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Estonian, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian
Form of Qatar
KOSOVO (Country) English, Serbian, Croatian
Kosovo, officially the Republic of Kosovo is a partially recognized state with a disputed territory in Southeastern Europe.
KUBA (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, German, Hungarian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Ukrainian
Form of CUBA
KUWAIT (Country) English
The name of the Country in the Middle East. Kuwait, an Arab country on the Persian (Arabian) Gulf, has cultural heritage dating back to antiquity. Kuwait City, the capital, is known for its modern architecture, ranging from skyscrapers to the striking Kuwait Towers, water towers whose design recalls the tiled domes of a classic mosque... [more]
LAOS (Country) English, Croatian
From a word coined by the French when they united the three kingdoms of Laos into the French Indochina, a group of federal colonial territories in Southeast Asia. They pluralized the word ລາວ (Lāo)
, which refers to the dominant ethnic group the region... [more]
LEBANON (Country) English
From the name of Mount Lebanon, which is ultimately from the Phoenician and Semitic root lbn
meaning "white", most likely referring to the snow on the mountains. This is the name of a republic in West Asia and the Middle East and a mountain range.
LESOTHO (Country) English
The name of the Country in Southern Africa. Lesotho, a high-altitude, landlocked kingdom encircled by South Africa, is crisscrossed by a network of rivers and mountain ranges including the 3,482m-high peak of Thabana Ntlenyana... [more]