Browse Submitted Place Names

This is a list of submitted place names in which an editor of the name is Mike C.
type
usage
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
Aafrika (Region) Estonian
Estonian form of Africa.
Abbotsford (Other) English (Canadian)
A city in British Columbia, Canada. It is in the Fraser Valley region.
Aberdeen (Settlement) English (Rare)
A city in Scotland, stemming from the prefix aber- meaning 'river mouth', and the suffix -deen, which could possibly be referring to the rivers don and dee.
Abkhazia (Country) English
From Russian Абхазия (Abkhaziya) from Georgian აფხაზეთი (Apxazeti), which is derived from აფხაზი (Apxazi), the Georgian name for the Abkhaz people... [more]
Acèh (Political Subdivision) Acehnese, Javanese, Madurese
Acehnese, Javanese and Madurese form of Aceh.
Adyga Khaku (Country & Region) Circassian
From Circassian адыгэ (adyga), the name of the Adyghe people, combined with хэку (khaku) meaning "homeland, land". This is the Circassian name for Circassia.
Adygea (Political Subdivision) English
From Russian Адыгея (Adygeya), which is from Adyghe адыгэ (adyge), the endonym of the Circassian (Adyghe) people. The ethnic name is of uncertain meaning, though it may mean "mountain between seas" or "mountain by the sea"... [more]
Adygeya (Political Subdivision) Russian
Russian form of Adygea.
Afríka (Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Africa.
Afuganisutan (Country) Japanese
Japanese form of Afghanistan.
Agadir (Settlement) Arabic (Maghrebi), Berber, English, French
Means "fortified fortress, wall" in Central Atlas Tamazight, ultimately from Phoenician gdr meaning "wall, compound". This is the name of a city in Morocco.
Ağban (Settlement) Khakas
Khakas form of Abakan.
Aikawa (Settlement) Japanese
This is the name of several towns in Japan. The first one (愛川) is located in Kanagawa Prefecture in eastern Japan, the second one (合川), located in Akita Prefecture in northern Japan, was merged with other towns to form the city of Kitaakita... [more]
Aken (Settlement) Dutch, Afrikaans
Dutch and Afrikaans form of Aachen.
Akershus (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the name of Akershus Fortress, composed of Aker (from Old West Norse akr "acre, field") and hús "house, castle, fortress". Aker used to be a Norwegian municipality, but it is now an area in Oslo... [more]
Akureyri (Settlement) Icelandic
Combination of Icelandic akur "field" and eyri "sandbank". Akureyri is a town in the north of Iceland.
Alabama (Political Subdivision) English
Name of a state in the United States, from the name of the Native American tribe Alabama meaning "thick cutters," from Choctaw albah "medicinal plants" and amo "to clear".
Alaska (Political Subdivision) English
Derived from Russian Аляска (Alyaska), which in turn is derived from Aleut alaxsxaq meaning "object to which the action of the sea is directed". Alaska is the largest of the 50 American states, located northwest of the United States mainland and bordering Canada.
Albanië (Country) Dutch, Afrikaans
Dutch and Afrikaans form of Albania.
Albany (Settlement) English
Name of the capital in New York, renamed after British acquisition in 1664 in honor of the Dukes of Albany (House of Stuart), hence a name borne by their retainers.
Alberta (Political Subdivision) English
Name of one of the 12 provinces in Canada, named after Princess Louise Caroline Alberta (1848–1939), the fourth daughter of Victoria, Queen of Canada, and Albert, Prince Consort.
Alei (River) German
German transcription of the Russian Aley River.
Almaty (Settlement) Kazakh, Russian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from Kazakh алма (alma) meaning "apple". This is the name of the largest city in Kazakhstan.
Alpy (Mountain) Czech, Polish, Russian, Slovak, Ukrainian
Form of Alps.
Alsacia (Region) Spanish
Spanish form of Alsace (a region of France).
Altai (Political Subdivision & Mountain) Altai, Russian, Mongolian, Kazakh, English
From the Turkic roots altun meaning "gold" and tag meaning "mountain". This is the name of a mountain range in Central and East Asia as well as two territories of Russia.
Amigdalia (Settlement) Greek
Greek name that means almond tree.
Anadyr (Political Subdivision) Russian (Archaic)
Although the town itself has only been in existence for just over a century, the origins of the name Anadyr are much older. The name initially derives from the Yukaghir word "any-an" meaning "river"
Anatólia (Region) Hungarian, Portuguese, Slovak
Hungarian, Portuguese and Slovak form of Anatolia.
Andelle (River) French
The name of a river in Normandy, France.
Andorra (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Catalan, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Greek, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
The name of the country of Andorra, whose name is possibly derived from a Basque word andurrial (“shrub-covered land”), but it may come from Arabic الدرا (“the forest”) or Spanish andar (“to walk”).
Antarctica (Region) English
Greek for "opposite of the North".
Antigua and Barbuda (Country) English
The history of Antigua and Barbuda can be separated into three distinct eras. In the first, the islands were inhabited by three successive Amerindian societies. The islands were neglected by the first wave of European colonization, but were settled by England in 1632... [more]
Apkhazeti (Country) Georgian
From აფხაზი (apxazi), the Georgian exonym for the Abkhaz people, and the suffix -ეთი (-eti) used to indicate location. This is the Georgian name for Abkhazia.
Arabía (Political Subdivision & Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Arabia.
Arequipa (Political Subdivision) Spanish (Latin American)
Legend says it comes from Ari-quepay "(let's) stay here" in Quechua.
Arica (Settlement) Spanish
It is the name of province, and town in Chile. It is also the name of a town in Colombia.
Aroumpa (Political Subdivision & Island) Greek
Greek form of Aruba.
Artsakh (Political Subdivision) Armenian
The Republic of Artsakh (Armenian: Արցախի Հանրապետություն, Artsakhi Hanrapetut'yun), or simply Artsakh, also known by its second official name, the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, is a breakaway de facto state in the South Caucasus that is internationally recognized as part of Azerbaijan... [more]
Aruba (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Asía (Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Asia.
Astana (Settlement) Kazakh, English, Russian
Means "capital city" in Kazakh, ultimately from Persian آستانه (astaneh). This was the name of the capital city of Kazakhstan until 2019, when it was renamed Nur-Sultan.
Atlanta (Settlement) English
Name of a city in Georgia, named by J. Edgar Thomson, Chief Engineer of the Georgia Railroad.
Aust-Agder (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the Nynork word aust "east" and the place name agder. It means "the eastern part of Agder."... [more]
Azərbaycan (Country) Azerbaijani
Azerbaijani form of Azerbaijan.
Azerbaijan (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) English, Basque, Indonesian, Malay
From Persian آذربایجان (azarbayjan), which is from Middle Persian Ādurbādagān referring to Atropates, an ancient Persian governor under the Achaemenid Empire... [more]
Ázsia (Region) Hungarian
Hungarian form of Asia.
Bachkirie (Political Subdivision) French
French form of Bashkiria.
Bakı (Settlement) Azerbaijani
Azerbaijani form of Baku.
Baltimore (Settlement) English
Baltimore is an independent city in the state of Maryland within the United States.
Banguradeshu (Country) Japanese
Japanese form of Bangladesh.
Barcelona (Settlement) Catalan, Spanish, English
Barcelona is a city in Spain. It is the capital and largest city of Catalonia, as well as the second most populous municipality of Spain.
Bashkortostan (Political Subdivision) Russian
From Bashkir Башҡортостан (Bashqortostan), which is from башҡорт (bashqort), the name of the people, combined with the Persian suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of"... [more]
Bashqortostan (Political Subdivision) Bashkir
Bashkir form of Bashkortostan.
Beieren (Political Subdivision) Dutch
Dutch form of Bavaria.
Bengal (Country) English
An independent kingdom from 1338-1539, now part of Bangladesh and India.
Benini (Country) Albanian, Georgian
Albanian and Georgian form of Benin.
Bentleigh (Settlement) English
Bishkek (Settlement) Kyrgyz, English, Russian
Meaning uncertain. One theory suggests that it comes from a word meaning "whorl, whisk" in Kyrgyz, referring to a tool used to prepare kumis, a traditional dairy product. It could also mean "five heights" from Kyrgyz беш (besh) meaning "five" and бийик (biyik) meaning "tall, high", or it could mean "five chiefs" from беш (besh) meaning "five" and the Turkish title beg meaning "chieftain, master"... [more]
Blagoveshchensk (Political Subdivision) Russian
literally 'the city of The Annunciation (of The Lord to The Blessed Virgin Mary)'
Bodaybo (Political Subdivision) Russian
possibly named after the Celtic queen "Boadicea" or "Boadacaea"
Bosnia and Herzegovina (Country) English
Bosnia and Herzegovina, abbreviated BiH or B&H, sometimes called Bosnia–Herzegovina and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country of South and Southeast Europe, located within the Balkans. Sarajevo is the capital and largest city.
Boston (Settlement) English
From a surname which was originally taken from an English place name meaning "Botwulf's stone". (It is likely that Botwulf was an ordinary landowner; later the place name became associated with the saint of the same name, Botulph, who built a monastery there in the 7th century.) A city in Massachusetts bears this name... [more]
Boulder (Settlement) English
Name of a city in Colorado, from Middle English bulderston, from a Scandinavian source akin to Swedish dialectal bullersten "noisy stone", (Swedish buller "rumbling noise" + sten "stone".
Brasilia (Country) Finnish
Finnish form of Brazil.
Bratyslava (Settlement) Ukrainian
Ukrainian form of Bratislava.
Brazīlija (Country) Latvian
Latvian form of Brazil.
Brighton (Settlement) English
The name of an English city, meaning "bright town" in Old English.
Bronx (Settlement) English
Name of a borough in New York City, name after Swedish settler Jonas Bronck.
Bucharest (Settlement) English
Meaning uncertain. Traditional etymologies state that the city's name is derived from Bucur, the name of a prince, outlaw, fisherman, shepherd, or hunter (depending on the specific legend), whose name is derived from Romanian bucurie meaning "joy, happiness", probably of Dacian origin... [more]
Bukittinggi (Settlement) Indonesian, Minangkabau
Means "tall hill" from Indonesian bukit meaning "hill" and tinggi meaning "high, tall". This is the name of a city in West Sumatra province, Indonesia.
Buskerud (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
Named after an old manor of the same name. (Biskupsruð) It derives from the Old Norse biskup (bishop) and ruð (clearing, farm.) The biskup part referring in particular to the Bishop of the ancient Catholic diocese of Hamar.... [more]
Califórnia (Political Subdivision) Portuguese
Portuguese form of California.
California (Political Subdivision) Spanish, English
From the name of a fictional utopian island featured in the 16th-century novel Las sergas de Esplandián by Spanish author Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo. The name comes from the island's queen, Calafia (or Califia), whose name is derived from Arabic خليفة (khalifah) meaning "caliph"... [more]
Cambodia (Country) English
From French Cambodge taken from Khmer កម្ពុជា (Kampuchea). The name comes from Sanskrit कम्बोजदेश (Kambujadesha), derived from काम्बोज (kamboja), the name of an ancient tribe and kingdom described in Hindu literature, combined with देश (desha) meaning "kingdom, country"... [more]
Cambridge (Settlement) English
Cambridge is a university city and the county town of Cambridgeshire, England, on the River Cam approximately 50 miles (80 km) north of London.... [more]
Caraïben (Region) Dutch
Dutch form of Caribbean.
Carson (Settlement) English (American)
Carson City is the capital of the American state of Nevada.
Caucasus (Mountain) English
From Greek Καύκασος (Kaúkasos), which is of uncertain origin; it may be derived from Scythian *xrohukäsi meaning "ice-shining" or "white snow". Alternatively, it may be from Greek κήξ (kḗx) meaning "sea swallow (a kind of bird)" and κάσος (kásos) possibly meaning "mountain" or "rock"... [more]
Celilo (Body of Water) Indigenous American
Means: echo of falling water. A famous waterfall used as a Native American fishing ground.
Chadi (Country) Georgian
Georgian form of Chad.
Champa (Country) Champa
Located in south and central Vietnam from the 7th century through 1832.
Charleston (Settlement) English
Place name meaning "Charles's town".
Charlotte (Settlement) English
Name of a city in North Carolina, named in honor of Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, who had become the Queen of Great Britain just seven years before the town's incorporation.
Charlottetown (Settlement) English (Canadian)
The capital city of Prince Edward Island, Canada.... [more]
Chavash En (Political Subdivision) Chuvash
From Chuvash чӑваш (chavash), the ethnic name of the Chuvash people, and ен (en) meaning "place, region, country, side". This is the Chuvash name for Chuvashia.
Chechnya (Political Subdivision) Russian, English
Means "(place) of the Chechens", derived from the Russian name for the Chechen people. The exonym is of uncertain meaning, with Russian folk etymologies suggesting that it originates from the name of a village; on the other hand, it may be derived from the Kabardian name Шашан (Shashan)... [more]
Chicago (Settlement) English
Name of a city in Illinois, from town founded in 1833, named from a Canadian French form of Algonquian sheka:ko:heki "place of the wild onion," or Ojibwa shika:konk "at the skunk place".
Chita (Political Subdivision) Russian
"birch mat" or "clay" or "dirt (on the shore), slate, coal" or "blue" or "black earth (coal slate), coal" or "dwelling" or "upper reaches" or possibly the short form of a diminutive of a diminutive of a name that means "conception" (possibly referring to "The Immaculate Conception")
Chuvashia (Political Subdivision) English
From Russian Чувашия (Chuvashiya), derived from the name of the Chuvash people. The ethnic name чӑваш (chavash) is of uncertain meaning, possibly from Turkic yabal meaning "quiet, peaceful, slow", from a Turkic root meaning "friendly, peaceful" or from Tabghach, the Old Turkic name for the Tuoba, a Xianbei clan in Imperial China... [more]
Circassia (Country & Region) English, Italian
From Turkish Çerkes or Russian Черкес (Cherkes) referring to the Circassian (Adyghe) people. The name is of uncertain meaning, possibly derived from Kerkety, the name of a Circassian tribe, or from Persian چهار کس (čahâr kas) meaning "four people"... [more]
Colossae (Settlement) Greek
either "Establishing a Temple or Shrine" or "to Punish" or "Dyed Wool," but no direct connection to "the Colossus of Rhodes"
Crete (Island) English
From Ancient Greek Κρήτη (Krete) of uncertain meaning. It may come from Krus, a mythological hero, whose name is unexplained. Another theory is that it is derived from Luwian kursawar meaning "island" or kursattar meaning "cutting, sliver"... [more]
Cuzco (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Incan (Hispanicized), Quechua (Hispanicized), Spanish (Archaic)
Traditional spelling of Cusco, a city in Peru which was the capital of the Inca Empire. Cusco is the Hispanicized form of Quechua Qusqu meaning "rock, boundary stone; heap of earth and stones; nucleus; navel; bed, dry bed of a lake".
Dagestan (Political Subdivision) Russian
Derived from Turkish dağ meaning "mountain" and the Persian suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". This is the name of a federal subject of Russia.
Daghaste (Political Subdivision) Ingush
Ingush form of Dagestan.
Dài-báe̤k (Settlement) Chinese (Min Dong)
Min Dong romanization of Taibei.
Delaware (Political Subdivision) English
Name of a state in the United States, named after the Delaware river, which was named after Lord De La Warr, from French de la guerre or de la werre literally "of the war".
Delli (Settlement) Korean
Korean form of Delhi.
Democratic Republic of the Congo (Country) English
The Democratic Republic of the Congo is a country located in Central Africa. It was formerly called Zaire (1971–1997). It is, by area, the largest country in sub-Saharan Africa, the second-largest in all of Africa (after Algeria), and the 11th-largest in the world... [more]
Des Moines (Settlement) English
Name of the capital and the most populous city in Iowa, which derived from Fort Des Moines, which was named for the Des Moines River. The French des Moines translates to either "from the monks" or "of the monks".
Dněstr (River) Czech
Czech form of Dniester.
Dordrecht (Settlement) Dutch
Dordrecht is a city and municipality in the Western Netherlands, located in the province of South Holland.... [more]
Dounavis (River) Greek
Modern Greek form of Danube.
Dover (Settlement) English
Dover is a small, but important port town in Kent, Southern England. It is derived from the Brythonic Dubrās, meaning 'water' (Modern Welsh ddwfr, 'water, tears').... [more]
Dublin (Settlement) English, Croatian
From Irish dubh "black" "dark" referring to a dark tidal pool where the River Poddle entered the Liffey on the site of the Castle Gardens at the rear of Dublin Castle.
Dubrovnik (Settlement) Croatian
Dubrovnik is a Croatian city on the Adriatic Sea. ... [more]
Dzaudzhyqau (Settlement) Ossetian
Means "Dzaug's settlement" in Ossetian, from the name of 18th-century figure Dzaug Bugulov combined with Ossetian хъӕу (qau) meaning "village, settlement". This is the Ossetian name for Vladikavkaz.
Eacott (Island) English (Australian, Americanized, Rare)
The name eacott comes from the nation of Australia that was brought form the British empire during the age of colonization It is also the last name of Australian YouTuber Lazarbeam, his real name is lannan Eacott
Edinburgh (Settlement) Scottish
Edinburgh is the capital city of Scotland. It was first attested in the Cumbric form Dinn Eidyn, meaning 'castle of Edin', hence the Gaelic name Dùn Èideann.... [more]
Ephesus (Settlement) Ancient Greek, Turkish, Hittite
"Overseer", tho it may just be folk-etymology
Esbo (Settlement) Swedish
Swedish name for Espoo.
Espoo (Settlement) Finnish
Derived from Esbo, a combination of Swedish asp "aspen" (or possibly äspe "aspen forest") and å "river, stream". Espoo is the second largest city (and urban area) in Finland.
Essex (Region) English
The name of a county in south-eastern England, it is derived from Old English Ēastseaxe meaning "East Saxons," referring to the Kingdom of the East Saxons.
Eswatini (Country) Swazi, English
Means "land of the Swazis" Swazi. Since 2018, this is the official name of the landlocked country in Southern Africa. formally known as the Kingdom of Swaziland, the nation renamed itself the Kingdom of Eswatini, reflecting the extant Swazi name for the state "eSwatini", to mark the 50th anniversary of Swazi independence, and was partially intended to prevent confusion with the similarly named country, Switzerland.
Finnmark (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the Old Norse finn(ar) (the Old Norse same of the Sami), and mǫrk meaning "woodland, borderland, or march/mark."... [more]
Fuji (Mountain) Japanese, English
The name of a mountain (a symbol for the Japanese for centuries), known in Japanese as Fuji-san or Fujiyama (富士山), located on the boundaries of Shizuoka and Yamanashi prefectures in central Japan... [more]
Gaboni (Country) Albanian, Georgian
Albanian and Georgian form of Gabon.
Garajonay (Mountain) Spanish
The name of a mountain peak which is the highest point on the Canarian island of La Gomera, located at the center of the island and regarded as a spiritual center of power by the ancient inhabitants... [more]
Ghirghizstane (Country) Ingush
Ingush form of Kyrgyzstan.
Gifu (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Japanese
From Japanese 岐 (gi) meaning "branch off, fork, divide" and 阜 (fu) meaning "mound". This is the name of a city in Japan, as well as the prefecture in which the city is located.
Ginevra (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of Geneva.
Griekenland (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of Greece.
Grozny (Settlement) Russian, English
Means "formidable, menacing, fearsome" in Russian. This is the name of the capital city of the Russian republic of Chechnya.
Guami (Political Subdivision & Island) Georgian
Georgian form of Guam.
Hakone (Settlement) Japanese
This is the name of a resort town in Japan's Kanagawa prefecture which, apart from its hot spring resorts, houses the Hakone Shrine (箱根神社, はこねじんじゃ) which dedicates to the Hakone Gongen (箱根権現, はこねごんげん).... [more]
Hedmark (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the Old Norse Heiðmǫrk. That's from heiðnir the name of an old Germanic tribe (related to heið meaning moorland) and mǫrk meaning "woodland, borderland, or march/mark."... [more]
Hengesdon (Settlement) Medieval English
Earlier name for Hingston Down in Moretonhampstead, Devon, recorded in 1333. It meant "Hengest's hill" or "stallion's hill" from the Old English byname Hengest (or from Old English hengest "stallion") and Old English dun "hill".
Hestitona (Settlement) Anglo-Saxon (Latinized)
Latinized form of Old English Hengestestun meaning "town of Hengest", derived from the genitive of the Old English personal name Hengest and tun "enclosure, yard, town"... [more]
Himuka (Political Subdivision) Japanese (Archaic)
Earlier form of Hyūga, made up of 日 (hi) meaning "sun" and 向か (muka), the irrealis form of verb 向く (muku) meaning "to turn toward; to face (a direction); to point to."
Hindiche (Country) Ingush
Ingush form of India.
Hinxton (Settlement) English
The name of a village in Cambridgeshire, ultimately derived from a contraction of Old English Hengestestun which possibly meant "town of Hengest", itself from the genitive of the Old English byname Hengest (or from Old English hengest "stallion") and Old English tun "enclosure, yard, town".
Hispani (Country) Ingush
Ingush form of Spain.
Honolulu (Settlement) Hawaiian, English
Means "sheltered harbor", from Hawaiian hono "bay, harbor" and lulu "shelter". This is the state capital of Hawaii.
Hordaland (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the Old Norse hǫrðar, meaning (and old Germanic tribe) and lǫnd meaning "lands."... [more]
Hruziya (Country) Belarusian, Ukrainian
Belarusian and Ukrainian form of Georgia 1 (the country).
Hui-li̍p-pin (Country) Chinese (Hokkien)
Hokkien form of Philippines.
Hyūga (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Japanese
Shifted from earlier Himuka, belonging to an old province which corresponds to modern Miyazaki Prefecture and a modern city in that prefecture, formed on April 1, 1951.
Icaria (Island) Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek
The island where Icarus, son of Dedalus, was buried. Dedalus gave the island the name in his honor.
Ieper (Settlement) Dutch
Probably from the name of the river Ieperlee which, itself, may be derived from the Dutch word for elm, iep.
IJsland (Country & Island) Dutch
Dutch form of Iceland.
Imari (Settlement) Japanese
This is the name of a city, known for Imari porcelain (even though it's actually made in nearby Arita) and for Imari pears, which is located in Saga Prefecture on the island of Kyūshū in south-western Japan.... [more]
Indostan (Country & Region) Bulgarian, Romanian, Russian, Ukrainian
Form of Hindustan.
Ingushetia (Political Subdivision) English
Means "(place) of the Ingush", from the Russian name for the Ingush people. The Russian name is believed to be derived from Ангушт (Angusht), the Ingush name of the village of Tarskoe located in present-day North Ossetia–Alania... [more]
Ingushetiya (Political Subdivision) Russian
Russian form of Ingushetia.
Inomenes Politeies (Country) Greek
Short form of Inomenes Politeies Amerikis. In other words: this is the Greek form of United States.
Inverness (Settlement) Scottish
A coastal city in northern Scotland. From Scottish Gaelic Inbhir, meaning 'estuary, confluence'and nis, the Gaelic name of the River Ness.
Irkutsk (Political Subdivision) Russian
"Spinning"
Isztambul (Settlement) Hungarian
Hungarian form of Istanbul.
Izumo (Other) Japanese
This is the name of a city in Japan's Shimane Prefecture. Izumo-taisha (出雲大社) (or Izumo Grand Shrine) is located in the city.... [more]
Jakarta (Settlement) Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Balinese, Javanese, Madurese, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Malay, English
From Sanskrit जयकर्त (jayakarta) meaning "that which causes victory", from जय (jaya) meaning "victory, conquest" and कृत (krta) meaning "done, made, accomplished"... [more]
Jamaica (Country & Island) Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Hungarian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish
From Taíno Xaymaca meaning "land of wood and water" or "land of springs". This is the name of an island country in the Caribbean.
Joelton (Settlement) English (Modern)
Means "Joel's town".
Johor Bahru (Settlement) Malay, English
From Johor and Malay bahru meaning "new". This is the name of a city in Malaysia.
Kagoshima (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Japanese
From Japanese 鹿子 (kako) meaning "fawn, young deer" and 島 (shima) meaning "island". This is the name of a city in Japan, as well as the prefecture in which the city is located.
Kaiyō (Settlement) Japanese
This is the name of a town in Japan's Tokushima Prefecture.... [more]
Kalipornia (Political Subdivision) Georgian
Georgian form of California.
Karasu (Settlement) Japanese
This is the name of a former town located in Japan's Mie Prefecture which merged and expanded, along with a few other towns and municipalities, into the city of Tsu.... [more]
Karpaten (Mountain) Dutch, German, Luxembourgish
Dutch, German and Luxembourgish form of Carpathians.
Kashiwa (Settlement) Japanese
From Japanese 柏 (kashiwa) meaning "oak". This is the name of a city in Chiba Prefecture, Japan.
Kauaʻi (Island) Hawaiian
Meaning unknown. This is the fourth largest of the Hawaii Islands.
Kavkasia (Region) Georgian
Georgian form of Caucasia, which is an alternative name for the Caucasus geographical region.
Kavkasioni (Mountain) Georgian
Georgian form of Caucasus.
Khabarovsk (Political Subdivision) Russian
The Russians founded the military outpost of Khabarovka (Хаба́ровка), named after Yerofey Khabarov. The post later became an important industrial center for the region... [more]
Kīlauea (Other) Hawaiian
Combination of Hawaiian , an intensifying prefix, lau "many, much", and ea "to rise, expand". This is an active volcano in the US state Hawaii, located on the island Hawai'i.
Kildare (Region) Irish, English
From Irish Cill Dara meaning "church of the oak".
Kirgisien (Country) Danish, German (Rare)
Danish and German form of Kyrgyzstan via its Russian name Kirgiziya. This is an alternative name for the country; the standard name in both Denmark and Germany is Kirgisistan.
Kirishima (Settlement) Japanese
This is the name of a city which is located near the Sakurajima volcano in Kagoshima prefecture in south-western mainland Japan.... [more]
Kogane (Other) Japanese
This is the name of several towns, stations and mountains found in Japan.... [more]
Komi (Political Subdivision) Komi, Russian
From the name of the Komi people, which is most likely derived from the Finno-Ugric word kojema meaning "man, human", but also possibly from the name of the Kama River... [more]
Konstantinápoly (Settlement) Hungarian
Hungarian form of Constantinople.
Kópavogur (Settlement) Icelandic
Combination of Icelandic kópur "seal" and vogur "bay". Kópavogur is the second largest city in Iceland.
Köpenhamn (Settlement) Swedish
Swedish form of Copenhagen.
Kosovo (Country) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Indonesian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Ukrainian
From Albanian Kosova or Kosovë, which is derived from Serbian кос (kos) meaning "blackbird", an ellipsis of Косово Поље (Kosovo Polje) meaning "blackbird field"... [more]
Kuala Lumpur (Settlement) Malay, English
Means "muddy confluence" from Malay kuala meaning "confluence" and lumpur meaning "mud". This is the name of the capital city of Malaysia.
Kyōto (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Japanese
Alternate transcription of Kyoto.
Kyoto (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Japanese
From Japanese 京都 (kyōto) meaning "capital city", itself borrowed from Middle Chinese. This is the name of a city in Japan, as well as the prefecture in which the city is located.
Kyushu (Island) Japanese
From Japanese 九 (kyū) meaning "nine" and 州 (shū) meaning "province, state". This is the name of an island in Japan.
Las Vegas (Settlement) American
A city in Nevada in the United States of America. It is know for the Strip and it's various hotels and casinos.
Lhotse (Mountain) Tibetan
Lhotse is the name of a mountain in Tibet. Lhotse means “South Peak” in Tibetan. ... [more]
Libérie (Country) Czech
Czech form of Liberia.
Libië (Country) Dutch, Afrikaans
Dutch and Afrikaans form of Libya.
Lidice (Settlement) Czech
Lidice is a village in the Czech Republic, which was completely destroyed by German Nazis in 1942. All people from Lidice, including over 100 children, were murdered. People and places all over the world have been named after the village to commemorate the massacre.
Liffey (River) Irish
The River Liffey runs through the city of Dublin in the Republic of Ireland. In poetry and mythology, the river is called Abhainn An Life, which is occasionally anglicized as 'Anna Liffey'
Lima (Settlement) Spanish (Latin American)
Lima is a corruption of the name Rimac.
Lotharingen (Political Subdivision & Region) Dutch
Dutch form of Lorraine.
Luján (Settlement) Spanish
The name of a city in the Buenos Aires province of Argentina, best known for its basilica.... [more]
Madagasikara (Country & Island) Malagasy
Malagasy form of Madagascar.
Magadan (Political Subdivision) Biblical
"Harp" or "to Cut, Invade, Expose"... [more]
Málaga (Settlement) Spanish
The city name of Málaga came from the latin name "Malacca".
Malaysia (Country) Malay, English, Danish, German, Indonesian, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog
From the name of the Malay people combined with the Greek suffix σία (sia). The ethnic name itself is of uncertain origin. It may come from Melayu or Malayu, the name of an ancient Sumatran kingdom, itself possibly derived from Tamil மலை (malai) or Malayalam മല (mala) both meaning "hill, mountain" combined with Tamil ஊர் (ur) meaning "village, town"... [more]
Mali (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Lao, Latvian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From the name of the Mali Empire, which was derived from Mandinka or Bambara mali meaning "hippopotamus" or "the place where the king lives". This is the name of a landlocked country in West Africa.
Malí (Country) Icelandic, Spanish
Icelandic and Spanish form of Mali.
Manila (Settlement) Filipino, Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Ilocano, Maranao, English, Spanish
From Tagalog Maynila, which is derived from the term may-nila meaning "where indigo is found", ultimately from Sanskrit नील (nila) referring to the indigo plant as well as indigo dye... [more]
Manitoba (Political Subdivision) English
Name of a province in Canada, from Cree manitou-wapow or Ojibwa manidoobaa, both meaning "straits of Manitou, the Great Spirit",
Manitoulin (Island & Region) Ojibwe (Gallicized), Ojibwe (Anglicized)
Island and region of Ontario, Canada. From the Ojibwe word Manidoowaaling, meaning "cave of the spirit", named for an underwater cave where a powerful spirit lived... [more]
Marbeiia (Island) Mexican
old abandond island
Marmara (Body of Water) English (Modern, Rare)
Place name; the Sea of Marmara is the inland sea that connects the Black Sea to the Aegean Sea in Turkey.
Marsella (Settlement) Catalan
Marsella is the catalan version of the city of Marseilles. It is a place name.
Marshall Islands (Country) English
The Marshall Islands, officially the Republic of the Marshall Islands (Marshallese: Aolepān Aorōkin M̧ajeļ), is an island country near the equator in the Pacific Ocean, slightly west of the International Date Line and an Associated state of the United States... [more]
Masedonië (Region) Afrikaans
Afrikaans form of Macedonia.
Mauritania (Country) Albanian, English, Finnish, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Spanish, Filipino, Tagalog
From Latin Maurītānia, itself from Maurus meaning "Moor", a historical name for the Muslims that inhabited Northern Africa and the Iberian Peninsula during the Middle Ages. This is the name of a country in West Africa.
Maykop (Settlement) Russian
From Adyghe Мыекъуапэ (Myeqwapa) meaning "cape of apples", from мые (mye) meaning "apple" and къуапэ (qwapa) meaning "cape, gorge, height". This is the name of the capital city of the Russian republic of Adygea.
Maynila (Settlement) Filipino, Tagalog
Tagalog form of Manila.
Mebane (Settlement) English (Rare)
Mebane, NC
Medan (Settlement) Indonesian
Possibly from Tamil மைதானம் (maidhanam) meaning "ground, field". This is the name of the capital city of the Indonesian province of North Sumatra.
Meije (Mountain) French
From Occitan meija meaning "middle, centre, half," taken from its original name l'Agulha de la Meija meaning "the needle of the Meije."... [more]
Mellieħa (Settlement & Body of Water) Maltese
The name of a large village or small town located on the northern tip of Malta's main island, it comes from mellieħa meaning "salt pan," derived from the Semitic root m-l-h (compare melħ meaning "salt"), probably referring to the ancient Punic-Roman salt pans which existed at Mellieħa Bay, the site of which is now occupied by the Għadira Nature Reserve.
Mezfin (Other) American (Rare), Ethiopian (Rare)
Mezfin (English: Mez-fin) means Emperor: is a male name of American National multiracial origination. ... [more]
Miami (Settlement) English
Name of a city in Florida. The name was first mentioned by Hernando de Escalante Fontaneda, a captive of Indians in southern Florida for 17 years, when he referred to what is now Lake Okeechobee as the "Lake of Mayaimi, which is called Mayaimi because it is very large"... [more]
Milton (Settlement) English
Name of a town in Ontario, Canada.
Minnetonka (Settlement) English
Name of a suburban city in Hennepin County, Minnesota, means "great water" from Dakota mni "river, stream" and tanka "freat".
Mitsue (Settlement) Japanese
This is the name of a village located in the eastern-most part of Nara prefecture in western Japan.... [more]
Moluky (Region) Czech, Slovak
Czech and Slovak form of Moluccas, which is a common alternative name for the Maluku Islands.
Montreal (Settlement) English
Name of a city in Canada, from French le mont Royal "mont royal". Jacques Cartier named it after the nearby mountain, but it is uncertain how royal became real... [more]
Nara (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Japanese
This is the name of a city which is the capital of Nara Prefecture in western Japan. The kanji used are 奈 (dai, na, nai, ikan, karanashi) meaning "Nara, what?" and 良 (ryou, i.i, yo.i, ra) meaning "good, pleasing, skilled."... [more]
Nashville (Settlement) English
Name of the capital city in Tennessee, named after Gen. Francis Nash.
Neriungri (Political Subdivision) Russian
comes from the Evenk word for "grayling" (species of freshwater-fish in the family of salmon) ... the second largest town in the Sakha Republic, Russia and the administrative center of Neryungrinsky District
New Brunswick (Political Subdivision) English (Canadian)
A province in eastern Canada.... [more]
New Hampshire (Political Subdivision) English
Name of a state in the United States, named after Hampshire in England.
New Jersey (Political Subdivision) English
Name of a state in the United States, named after the largest of British channel islands Jersey.
New York (Political Subdivision) English
Name of a state in the United States, also the name of a city in that state, named after the then Duke of York, later King James II of England.
Nibo'er (Country) Chinese
Chinese form of Nepal.
Nĭk-buōng (Country) Chinese (Min Dong)
Min Dong form of Nippon.
Nokhchiycho (Political Subdivision) Chechen
From Chechen нохчий (nokhchiy), the plural of the endonym нохчо (nokhcho), combined with the suffix -чоь (-cho) meaning "place of". The ethnic name is believed to be derived from Nakh нах (nakh) meaning "people" or "man, person"... [more]
Nordland (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the Norwegian words nord meaning "north" and land meaning "country."... [more]
Northern Cyprus (Region) English
Northern Cyprus (Turkish: Kuzey Kıbrıs), officially the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC; Turkish: Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti, KKTC), is a de facto state that comprises the northeastern portion of the island of Cyprus... [more]
North Korea (Country) English
North Korea (Korean: 조선, MR: Chosŏn; literally 북조선, MR: Pukchosŏn, or 북한/北韓, RR: Bukhan in South Korean usage), officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK or DPR Korea; Korean: 조선민주주의인민공화국, Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk), is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula... [more]
North Macedonia (Country) English
North Macedonia (Macedonia until February 2019), officially the Republic of North Macedonia, is a country in the Balkans, southeast Europe. It gained independence in 1991 as one of the successor states of Yugoslavia... [more]
Northwest Territories (Political Subdivision) English (Canadian)
A territory in Canada.
Nouakchott (Settlement) French, English
From Arabic نواكشوط (Nuwakshut), itself from Tamazight Nawākšūṭ meaning "place of the winds" or inua u-kshut meaning "made of wood, made of sticks". This is the name of the capital of Mauritania.
Nova Scotia (Political Subdivision) English (Canadian)
Name of a Canadian province. Means "New Scotland" in Latin.
Noyabrsk (Settlement) Russian
"November"
Nunavut (Political Subdivision) Inuit, English, French
Means "our land" in Inuktitut. This is the name of a territory of Canada.
Nur-Sultan (Settlement) Kazakh, English, Russian
From the given name Nursultan. This is the name of the capital city of Kazakhstan, which was renamed in honour of former president Nursultan Nazarbayev (1940-)... [more]
Nya Zeeland (Country & Island) Swedish
Swedish form of New Zealand.
Oenotria (Region) History
Latinized form of Greek Οἰνωτρία (Oinotria), the name applied to southern Italy by Greek colonists when they arrived to the region in around the 8th century BC. It is possibly a derivative of Greek οἶνος (oinos) meaning "wine" (perhaps via the related word οἴνωτρον (oinotron), which referred to a kind of vine stake) and may mean "wine land" or "land of vineyards"... [more]
Okhotsk (Political Subdivision) Russian
from an Even word окат (okat) meaning "river"
Ontario (Region) English
Oostenrijk (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of Austria.
Øppland (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the Old Norse upp meaning "up, upper" and lǫnd meaning "lands." The inner regions of Norway were called Upplǫnd in Norse times.... [more]
Orshalim (Settlement) Persian
Persian form of Jerusalem.
Osetiya (Region) Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian, Persian, Azerbaijani, Korean
Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian, Persian, Azerbaijani, and Korean form of Ossetia.
Osijek (Settlement) Croatian
Osijek is the fourth largest city in Croatia... [more]
Østerrike (Country) Norwegian
Norwegian for Austria.
Østfold (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the old name of the Olsofjord fold and the Norwegian word øst. The name means, "the region east of the fold."... [more]
Oulu (Settlement) Finnish
From the name of the Oulu River (Finnish: Oulujoki). Oulu is probably taken directly from the Finnish dialectal word oulu meaning "flood water". Oulu is a city in Northern Finland.
Oymyakon (Political Subdivision) Russian
named after the Oymyakon River, whose name reportedly comes from the Even word kheium, meaning "unfrozen patch of water; place where fish spend the winter" ... or the Even word heyum (hэjум) (kheium being a possible misspelling) means "frozen lake"
Páez (Other, Political Subdivision, Region & Settlement) Spanish (Latin American), Paezean
The name of places in Venezuala and Colombia.... [more]
Palau (Country) English
Palau is an archipelago in Oceania. The flag is a yellow circle in the middle of a blue background, and the country is locally known as Belau.
Palo Alto (Settlement) English
Name of a city in California, from Spanish palo "(tree) stick" + alto "tall".
Pasadena (Settlement) English
Name of a city in California, from Ojibwe pa-sa-de-na, meaning "valley of the valley" "crown of the valley" "key of the valley" or "hill of the valley"... [more]
Petropavlovsk-kamchatsky (Political Subdivision) Russian
the city of "Peter" and "Paul" in Kamchatka
Philippi (Settlement) Biblical Greek
renamed after Philip II of Macedon, was originally named Crenides (Greek: Κρηνῖδες, Krenides "Fountains")
Phoenicia (Region) History
from the Ancient Greek: Φοινίκη, Phoiníkē meaning "purple country", Phoenicia was a thalassocratic ancient Semitic civilization that originated in the Eastern Mediterranean and in the west of the Fertile Crescent.
Phoenix (Settlement) English (American)
Phoenix is the capital city of Arizona state in the United States of America.
Plovdiv (Settlement) Bulgarian
From a Thracian translation of the Latin name Pulpudeva, which was possibly derived from the given name Phillip combined with Dacian dava meaning "city, town, fortress"... [more]
Portland (Settlement) American
In America, it is most likely used as a place name in reference to Portland, Oregon.
Prince Edward Island (Political Subdivision) English (Canadian)
Prince Edward Island is a Canadian province. It was named for Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn (1767–1820), Queen Victoria's father.
Qafqaz (Region & Mountain) Persian, Azerbaijani
Persian and Azerbaijani form of Caucasus.
Qaraqalpaqstan (Political Subdivision) Karakalpak, Kazakh
Karakalpak and Kazakh form of Karakalpakstan.
Raleigh (Settlement) English
Name of the capital in North Carolina, named for Sir Walter Raleigh, sponsor of Roanoke, the "lost colony" on Roanoke Island.
Rebun (Island) Japanese
This is the name of an island which is off the north-western tip of Hokkaidō in the far north of Japan.... [more]
Reynosa (Settlement) Spanish
Reynosa is a border city in the northern part of Tamaulipas, Mexico. It is also the municipal seat of Reynosa Municipality.
Rhode Island (Island & Political Subdivision) English
Name of a state in the United States, said to have been named by Italian explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano when he passed through in 1524, based on an imagined similarity between modern Block Island and the Greek Isle of Rhodes, or possibly from Dutch Roodt Eylandt, literally "red island", a name given by Dutch explorer Adriaen Block.
Rhyl (Settlement) Welsh
Seaside resort and community in the Welsh county of Denbighshire. The origin is not fully known. The name seems to be a hybrid of the English word "hill" and the Welsh definite article "y", meaning "the hill"... [more]
Rijeka (Settlement) Croatian
Rijeka is the principal seaport and the third-largest city in Croatia... [more]
Rimac (River) Spanish (Latin American)
Rimac River, Rimac derives from quechua "Rimay" which means "to speak", Rimac River is called "the speaking river", "the river that babbles/chatters/speaks a lot", in some sense "the roaring river" or "the noisy river".
Rogaland (Political Subdivision) Norwegian
From the Old Norse rygir (probably the name of a Germanic tribe) and and lǫnd meaning "lands." ... [more]
Rosebery (Settlement) English
Australian locational name.
Roxbury (Settlement) English
A name of several towns in the United States and Canada, including a neighborhood within the city of Boston, Massachusetts.
Sacramento (Settlement) English
Name of a city in California, from Spanish sacramento, in honor of the Holy Sacrament.
Saeki (Settlement) Japanese
This is the name of a former town in Okayama Prefecture in western Japan and a ward of Hiroshima City, also in western Japan.... [more]
Sahara (Region) English, French, Italian, Spanish
Derived from Arabic صحارى‎ (sahara) meaning "deserts", the plural of صحراء (sahra') meaning "desert". This is the name of a desert in Northern Africa.
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (Political Subdivision & Region) English
Following the Spanish evacuation, consequence of the Moroccan Green March, Spain, Morocco, and Mauritania signed the Madrid Accords on November 14, 1975, six days before Franco died, leading to both Morocco and Mauritania moving in to annex the territory of Western Sahara... [more]
Saint-Malo (Settlement) French
An historic French port located in the Ille-et-Vilaine department of Brittany on the English Channel coast, named after Saint Malo.
Sakhalin (Political Subdivision & Island) Russian, English
Derived from Manchu ᠰᠠᡥᠠᠯᡳᠶᠠᠨ (sahaliyan) meaning "black", itself most likely from the expression ᠰᠠᡥᠠᠯᡳᠶᠠᠨ ᡠᠯᠠ ᠠᡢᡤᠠ ᡥᠠᡩ᠋ᠠ (sahaliyan ula angga hada) meaning "island (peak) at the mouth of the Amur River"... [more]
San Antonio (Settlement & River) English
Means "Saint Anthony" from Spanish san "Saint" + Antonio, a Spanish form of the given name Anthony. The river was named after San Antonio de Padua by the first governor of Spanish Texas, Domingo Terán de los Ríos in 1691... [more]
San Diego (Settlement) English
Name of a city in California, meaning "Saint Diego" from Spanish san "Saint" + the given name Diego.
Sandringham (Settlement) English
Derived from the Old English: "sand" hring "ring"/"circular" ham "homestead". "Sandy circular homestead". The name of a village in Norfolk, where Sandringham House, one of the Queen's country retreats is located.
San Francisco (Settlement) English
Name of a city in California, from the Spanish term for St. Francis of Assisi.
San Jose (Settlement) English
Name of a city in California, meaning "Saint Joseph" from Spanish san "Saint" + Jose, a Spanish form of Joseph.
Saskatchewan (Political Subdivision) English (Canadian)
Saskatchewan is a province in Canada.... [more]
Saskatoon (Settlement) English (Canadian)
The name of a city in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan.... [more]
Senegali (Country) Albanian, Georgian, Greek
Albanian, Georgian and Greek form of Senegal.
Seoul (Settlement) Korean, English
Means "capital" in Korean, probably derived from Sillan 서라벌 (Seorabeol), the name of the capital of the ancient kingdom of Silla (which is now the present-day city of Gyeongju). This is the name of the capital city of South Korea.
Seton (Settlement) English
A Scottish place, Seaton near Longniddry, "is so named because it was held from the 12th century by a Norman family de Sey, from Say in Indre. Other places of this name, for example those in Cumbria, Devon, County Durham, Northumbria, and Yorkshire, are mostly named with Old English "sea, lake" and tun "enclosure, settlement"... [more]
Shime (Settlement) Japanese
This is the name of a town in Japan's Fukuoka prefecture.... [more]